[MD1] Sun Sues Microsoft over Java
TweetFollow Us on Twitter

[MD1] Sun Sues Microsoft over Java

Try the Java applet version
SUN SUES MICROSOFT FOR BREACH OF JAVA(TM) CONTRACT

Microsoft fails Java compatibility tests for Internet Explorer 4.0

PALO ALTO, Calif. -- October 7, 1997 -- Sun Microsystems, Inc. today
announced that it has filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court against
Microsoft Corporation for breaching its contractual obligation to deliver a
compatible implementation of JavaTM technology on its products. Sun is
seeking an injunction to prevent Microsoft from improperly using the Java
Compatible logo. Sun is also seeking to prevent Microsoft from misleading
Java developers and to prevent them from delivering anything but fully
compatible Java technology implementations.

Specifically, the complaint charges Microsoft with trademark infringement,
false advertising, breach of contract, unfair competition, interference
with prospective economic advantage and inducing breach of contract.

One of Microsoft's or any Java licensee's most significant contractual
obligations is to pass the Java compatibility tests, which determine if
their technologies conform to the Java specifications and APIs. The
products that failed are Microsoft's new Internet Explorer 4.0 browser and
its Software Development Kit for Java (SDKJ). As a result, applications
written using Microsoft's development tools may not run on other operating
systems such as MacOS, UNIX, or other browsers such as Netscape Navigator.
Conversely, applications written using Sun's Java Development Kit that run
on MacOS, UNIX and Netscape Navigator may not run on Internet Explorer 4.0.

"Sun's first responsibility as stewards of the Java technology is to
preserve the significant investments that Sun and hundreds of companies
have made. We are required to take this action on behalf of our licensees,
the Java industry and Sun's shareholders," said Alan Baratz, president of
Sun's JavaSoft division.

Baratz added that for the past six months and up until 6 p.m. Sunday,
September 28, Sun worked diligently with Microsoft in hopes of convincing
them to abide by their agreements.

According to the complaint, "Rather than comply with its contractual
obligations, defendant Microsoft has instead embarked on a deliberate
course of conduct in an attempt to fragment the standardized application
programming environment established by the Java technology, to break the
cross-platform compatibility of the Java programming environment, and to
implement the Java technology in a manner calculated to cause software
developers to create programs that will operate only on platforms that use
defendant Microsoft's Win32-based operating systems and no other systems
platform or browser."

The complaint further alleges, "In particular, defendant Microsoft has
deceptively modified the Java APIs. . . By secretly adding Win32-specific
and other APIs to the Java class libraries . . . Microsoft has acted to
induce independent software developers who use SDKJ unwittingly to write
programs. . . expecting to achieve cross-platform functionality. . ."

"We examined all of our alternatives and felt that we had no choice but to
pursue litigation," said Michael Morris, Vice President and General
Counsel, Sun Microsystems, Inc.

The suit was filed today, October 7, 1997 at United States District Court,
Northern District of California, San Jose Division.

The complaint specifies that Sun is seeking "preliminary and permanent
injunction enjoining Microsoft. . .from using the Java Compatible logo;
from doing directly or indirectly any acts or making any statements that
are likely to cause confusion, mistakes or deception in the marketplace as
to the compatibility of IE 4.0 and SDKJ 1.1 with Sun's Java technology . .
. from doing directly or indirectly any acts that are likely to diminish
the value of the Java Compatible logo. . ."

"The Java brand has enormous value in the industry. When users see `Java'
they know they can expect Write Once Run AnywhereTM, Safe Network Delivery,
and Smart Card to Supercomputer Scalability," said Baratz. "We are
obligated to ensure that Java will always mean those things, and the
industry fully supports that philosophy."

Sun noted that Windows users can access applications written for the Java
Programming Environment by using Netscape Navigator. In addition, Java
developers can bundle the Java Performance Runtime for Windows in their
applications. Using this product, developers can deliver high-performance,
fully-compliant Java for Windows.

For More Information

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Lisa Poulson
408-343-1630
lisa.poulson@eng.sun.com

Susanne Vagadori
650-786-8281
susanne.vagadori@corp.sun.com

About Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Since its inception in 1982, a singular vision, "The Network Is The
ComputerTM", has propelled Sun Microsystems, Inc., (NASDAQ: SUNW), to its
position as a leading provider of hardware, software and services for
establishing enterprise-wide intranets and expanding the power of the
Internet. With more than $8.5 billion in annual revenues, Sun can be found
in more than 150 countries and on the World Wide Web at http://www.sun.com.

Sun, the Sun logo, Sun Microsystems, Java, Write Once Run Anywhere, and The
Network Is The Computer, are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun
Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. UNIX is a
registered trademark in the United States and other countries, exclusively
licensed through X/Open Company, Ltd.

Q & A Addendum

Q1: Why is Sun suing Microsoft?
A1: It is Sun's responsibility to defend the integrity of Java. We must do
everything we can to preserve the significant investments that Sun and
hundreds of companies have made in Java. We are taking this action on
behalf of our licensees, the Java industry and Sun's shareholders.

Q2: What is the nature of the complaint? Has Sun revoked Microsoft's
license? A2: Sun has sued Microsoft for breaching its contractual
obligation to deliver a complete, fully-compatible implementation of Java
on its products. Sun is seeking an injunction to prevent Microsoft from
using the Java Compatible logo.Sun is seeking to prevent Microsoft from
misleading Java developers, and to prevent them from delivering anything
but fully compatible Java technology implementations.

The complaint alleges trademark infringement, false advertising, breach of
contract, unfair competition, interference with prospective economic
advantage and inducing breach of contract.

To be very clear, this action does not seek to revoke Microsoft's license.
Our goal is to pressure Microsoft to fulfill the obligations created in
that license.

Q3: How did Microsoft breach their agreement? A3: Microsoft delivered a
product that did not pass the Java compatibility tests. Their license with
Sun is very specific that no product containing any Java technologies may
be shipped without first passing the Java compatibility tests. IE 4.0 does
not pass the tests.

Q4: How does IE 4.0 fail the tests?
A4: First, IE 4.0 does not support the Java Native Method Interface (JNI),
nor does it support Remote Method Invocation (RMI). However, there are
other serious compatibility problems. IE 4.0 adds public API into several
"java." packages. Several methods and fields were added to the awt, lang,
and net packages. In addition, a small number of "java." public methods
were removed.

Java developers expect that the public API found in any package with a name
beginning "java." is part of the standard Java platform and that this API
will be available in all Java Compatible implementations. Because Microsoft
has put these additions in the "java.* hierarchy" developers using
Microsoft's SDK can create apps or applets which they believe will run
anywhere, which will only run in Microsoft Java products.

Q5: What's JNI? Why is it important?
A5: The Java Native Method Interface is an interface of the Java Virtual
Machine that provides a way for developers to access native functionality
on host platforms.

Q6: What's RMI? Why is it important?
A6: RMI is a an API that enables objects to be distributed in homogeneous
Java to Java systems. Creating and implementing distributed computing
architectures is one of Java's greatest strengths. A platform that did not
include RMI would undermine this strength significantly.

Q7: What's JFC and is it part of this dispute? A7: The Java Foundation
Classes are a comprehensive set of class libraries developers use to create
the look and feel of Java applications. It will be shipped in about a
year's time. At this point, they are not yet bundled with the JDK and are
therefore neither part of the current Java Compatibility tests nor part of
the complaint.

Q8: How do the Java compatibility tests work? A8: The test suites are based
on the Java specifications. There are specific test suites for Java
compilers, Java Virtual Machines, and Java API class libraries. The tests
are bundled along with test tools to execute the tests into the package we
call the Java Compatibility Kit. Each licensee is required to run the Java
compatibility tests themselves. We offer support and guidance as needed. In
addition, we audit tests results when they are delivered to us, and may run
the tests on licensees' products ourselves.

Q9: Is Java fragmenting?
A9: There is only one Java. It is the platform that Sun and its other 116
licensees provide to the industry, the platform that over 700,000
developers are using to build apps; the platform that delivers a unique
value proposition -- Write Once Run Anywhere, Safe Network Delivery; and
Smart Card to Supercomputer Scalability. Only one of Sun's 116 Java
licensees is seeking to deliberately undermine that value proposition and
to confuse developers.

Q10: Is Netscape any more compliant than Microsoft? A10: First, Netscape
has been very clear with developers about their level of Java
compatibility. Netscape does not misrepresent their status to developers,
nor do they attempt to confuse them. Second, Netscape has a stated,
demonstrated, commitment to delivering fully compliant Java implementations
within their products.

Q11: How is Microsoft's behavior different from other Java licensees'? A11:
Microsoft is acting to undermine the Java value proposition. Microsoft has
deliberately modified the Java class hierarchy by inserting Microsoft
methods disguised as Java methods within the hierarchy. Because Microsoft's
has deliberately mislabeled the methods, developers using these methods may
be deceived into believing that they have written 100% Pure Java apps.
Because the methods exist only in Microsoft's SDK for Java and IE 4.0
products, developers will find that these apps can only run on Internet
Explorer 4.0.

Microsoft has tried time and time again to FUD Write Once Run Anywhere.
They have attempted to fulfill this claim by inserting their own technology
within their Java implementation.

Q12: Is there a right way to add functionality to the Java platform? A12:
Of course. We encourage all of our licensees to make improvements on top of
the Java platform. There is a well-defined infrastructure in place for
doing so.

Any company who wishes to add function for Java has two options: propose
the enhancement to us for incorporation into the Java APIs, or develop and
deliver this new functionality OUTSIDE of the public Java API package.

Suggestions for changes within the Java API may be given to Sun to be
evaluated by the Java community through Sun's well-established processes.
No licensee may unilaterally make changes within the Java API and deliver
them into the marketplace, as Microsoft has done.

Developers are entitled to expect that their use of Java classes will be
supported on all Java Compatible programs.

Unauthorized changes WITHIN the Java API may undermine the Java value
proposition -- platform independence, safety, scalability. That is the
reason these kinds of changes are not permitted. The Java compatibility
tests inspect implementations to ensure that changes to the public Java API
are not made.

Q13: How will Windows users get Java now? A13: Netscape Navigator is the
best choice for end users who want to be sure they can always run Java.

For developers, Sun offers the Java Performance Runtime for Windows, a high
performance implementation of what's required to run Java apps on Win 32
platforms, free of charge to developers. It is available for download from
our web site.

Q14: How can Sun win a lawsuit against Microsoft, the most powerful
software company in the world? A14: The issues are extremely clear here.
The court looks at the case, not the companies involved. We are very
confident that the court will see the merits of the complaint and move to a
speedy resolution.

 
AAPL
$108.00
Apple Inc.
+1.02
MSFT
$46.95
Microsoft Corpora
+0.90
GOOG
$559.08
Google Inc.
+8.77

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Vitamin-R 2.20b1 - Personal productivity...
Vitamin-R creates the optimal conditions for your brain to work at its best by structuring your work into short bursts of distraction-free, highly focused activity alternating with opportunities for... Read more
Dropbox 2.10.44 - Cloud synchronization...
Dropbox is an application that creates a special Finder folder that automatically syncs online and between your computers. It allows you to both backup files and keep them up-to-date between systems... Read more
Sandvox 2.9.2 - Easily build eye-catchin...
Sandvox is for Mac users who want to create a professional looking website quickly and easily. With Sandvox, you don't need to be a Web genius to build a stylish, feature-rich, standards-compliant... Read more
Cocktail 8.0.1 - General maintenance and...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
LibreOffice 4.3.3.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
VMware Fusion 7.0.1 - Run Windows apps a...
VMware Fusion allows you to create a Virtual Machine on your Mac and run Windows (including Windows 8.1) and Windows software on your Mac. Run your favorite Windows applications alongside Mac... Read more
OneNote 15.3.2 - Free digital notebook f...
OneNote is your very own digital notebook. With OneNote, you can capture that flash of genius, that moment of inspiration, or that list of errands that's too important to forget. Whether you're at... Read more
Audio Hijack Pro 2.11.4 - Record and enh...
Audio Hijack Pro drastically changes the way you use audio on your computer, giving you the freedom to listen to audio when you want and how you want. Record and enhance any audio with Audio Hijack... Read more
Iridient Developer 3.0.0 beta 3 - Powerf...
Iridient Developer (was RAW Developer) is a powerful image conversion application designed specifically for OS X. Iridient Developer gives advanced photographers total control over every aspect of... Read more
TextWrangler 4.5.11 - Free general purpo...
TextWrangler is the powerful general purpose text editor, and Unix and server administrator's tool. Oh, and also, like the best things in life, it's free. TextWrangler is the "little brother" to... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Monster Flash Review
Monster Flash Review By Jordan Minor on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: ALONE IN THE DARKUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Solid shooting and a surprising amount of spooky tension make Monster Flash a great portable... | Read more »
Retry Review
Retry Review By Rob Thomas on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: SOARING HIGHUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Flappy who? Let Retry wash all those bad bird-related memories away on a cool retro-flavored flight… right... | Read more »
Dementia: Book of the Dead Review
Dementia: Book of the Dead Review By Lee Hamlet on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: A TOUGH READUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad A witch hunter is sent after a demonic book in the spooky but short-lived Dementia: Book... | Read more »
Card Dungeon, the Semi-Board Game Roguel...
Card Dungeon, the Semi-Board Game Roguelike, Has Been Renovated Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 31st, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Logitech Protection + Power iPhone5/5S C...
Made by: Logitech Price: $99.99 Hardware/iOS Integration Rating: 3 out of 5 stars Usability Rating: 0.5 out of 5 stars Reuse Value Rating: 0.75 out of 5 stars Build Quality Rating: 0.75 out of 5 stars Overall Rating: 1.25 out of 5 stars | Read more »
This Is Not a Test Goes Free, Permanentl...
This Is Not a Test Goes Free, Permanently Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 31st, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Swap Heroes Review
Swap Heroes Review By Campbell Bird on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: STRATEGIC SWAPPINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Rotate a cast of heroes to fend of waves of monsters in this difficult, puzzle rpg.   | Read more »
Night Sky Pro™ (Reference)
Night Sky Pro™ 3.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Reference Price: $2.99, Version: 3.0.1 (iTunes) Description: Night Sky Pro™Wonder No More™ Night Sky Pro™ is the ultimate stargazing experience. From the creators of the original... | Read more »
Audio Defence : Zombie Arena (Games)
Audio Defence : Zombie Arena 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: A zombie shooter audio game. Made from gut-wrenching 3D binaural sound, for a new kind of weird immersion. You... | Read more »
RPG Asdivine Hearts (Games)
RPG Asdivine Hearts 1.1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $3.99, Version: 1.1.0 (iTunes) Description: SPECIAL PRICE50% OFF (USD 7.99 -> USD 3.99)!!! Travel alongside four companions and a cat in the adventure of a... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple now offering refurbished 2014 13-inch R...
The Apple Store is now offering Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 13″ Retina MacBook Pros for up to $270 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and... Read more
Apple Regains Momentum As Windows Stutters An...
The latest smartphone sales data from Kantar Worldpanel ComTech, for the three months to March 2014, shows Apple performing strongly in the first quarter of the year, with sales bouncing back in... Read more
Worldwide Smartphone Shipments Increase 25.2%...
New smartphone releases and an increased emphasis on emerging markets drove global smartphone shipments above 300 million units for the second consecutive quarter, according to preliminary data from... Read more
Apple now offering refurbished 2014 15-inch M...
The Apple Store is now offering Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros for up to $400 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and... Read more
Apple drops prices on refurbished 2013 Retina...
The Apple Store has dropped prices on 2013 Apple Certified Refurbished 13″ and 15″ Retina MacBook Pros, with Retina models now available starting at $999. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and... Read more
New 2.8GHz Mac mini on sale for $949, save $5...
Abt Electronics has the new 2.8GHz Mac mini in stock and on sale for $949.05 including free shipping. Their price is $50 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this model from any reseller... Read more
Sale! 3.7GHz Quad Core Mac Pro available for...
 B&H Photo has the 3.7GHz Quad Core Mac Pro on sale for $2649 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $350 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price for this model from any... Read more
Mujjo Steps Up The Game With Refined Touchscr...
Netherlands based Mujjo have just launched their Refined Touchscreen Gloves, stepping up their game. The gloves feature a updated elegant design that takes these knitted gloves to the next level. A... Read more
Sale! Preorder the new 27-inch 5K iMac for $2...
 Abt Electronics has the new 27″ 3.5GHz 5K iMac on sale and available for preorder for $2374.05 including free shipping. Their price is $125 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this... Read more
Simplex Solutions Inc. Brings Secure Web Surf...
New York based Simplex Solutions Inc. has announced the release and immediate availability of Private Browser 1.0, its revolutionary new secure web browser developed for iPhone, iPad and iPod touch... Read more

Jobs Board

Solutions Specialist with *Apple* Knowledge...
Company Description: We are an Apple Authorized Sales and Service Provider. We have been selling and servicing Apple computers in the Fairfield County area for over Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** Every day, business customers come to the Apple Store to discover what powerful, easy-to-use Apple products can do for them. As a Business Leader, Read more
Sr. Manager, *Apple* Deployment Programs fo...
**Job Summary** Apple is seeking candidates for a new position on the Education Content and Technology team. iPad and Mac is in the hands of millions of teachers and Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple I...
…important role that the ASC serves is that of providing an excellent Apple Customer Experience. Responsibilities include: * Promoting Apple products and solutions Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple I...
…important role that the ASC serves is that of providing an excellent Apple Customer Experience. Responsibilities include: * Promoting Apple products and solutions Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.