[MD1] Sun Sues Microsoft over Java
TweetFollow Us on Twitter

[MD1] Sun Sues Microsoft over Java

Try the Java applet version
SUN SUES MICROSOFT FOR BREACH OF JAVA(TM) CONTRACT

Microsoft fails Java compatibility tests for Internet Explorer 4.0

PALO ALTO, Calif. -- October 7, 1997 -- Sun Microsystems, Inc. today
announced that it has filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court against
Microsoft Corporation for breaching its contractual obligation to deliver a
compatible implementation of JavaTM technology on its products. Sun is
seeking an injunction to prevent Microsoft from improperly using the Java
Compatible logo. Sun is also seeking to prevent Microsoft from misleading
Java developers and to prevent them from delivering anything but fully
compatible Java technology implementations.

Specifically, the complaint charges Microsoft with trademark infringement,
false advertising, breach of contract, unfair competition, interference
with prospective economic advantage and inducing breach of contract.

One of Microsoft's or any Java licensee's most significant contractual
obligations is to pass the Java compatibility tests, which determine if
their technologies conform to the Java specifications and APIs. The
products that failed are Microsoft's new Internet Explorer 4.0 browser and
its Software Development Kit for Java (SDKJ). As a result, applications
written using Microsoft's development tools may not run on other operating
systems such as MacOS, UNIX, or other browsers such as Netscape Navigator.
Conversely, applications written using Sun's Java Development Kit that run
on MacOS, UNIX and Netscape Navigator may not run on Internet Explorer 4.0.

"Sun's first responsibility as stewards of the Java technology is to
preserve the significant investments that Sun and hundreds of companies
have made. We are required to take this action on behalf of our licensees,
the Java industry and Sun's shareholders," said Alan Baratz, president of
Sun's JavaSoft division.

Baratz added that for the past six months and up until 6 p.m. Sunday,
September 28, Sun worked diligently with Microsoft in hopes of convincing
them to abide by their agreements.

According to the complaint, "Rather than comply with its contractual
obligations, defendant Microsoft has instead embarked on a deliberate
course of conduct in an attempt to fragment the standardized application
programming environment established by the Java technology, to break the
cross-platform compatibility of the Java programming environment, and to
implement the Java technology in a manner calculated to cause software
developers to create programs that will operate only on platforms that use
defendant Microsoft's Win32-based operating systems and no other systems
platform or browser."

The complaint further alleges, "In particular, defendant Microsoft has
deceptively modified the Java APIs. . . By secretly adding Win32-specific
and other APIs to the Java class libraries . . . Microsoft has acted to
induce independent software developers who use SDKJ unwittingly to write
programs. . . expecting to achieve cross-platform functionality. . ."

"We examined all of our alternatives and felt that we had no choice but to
pursue litigation," said Michael Morris, Vice President and General
Counsel, Sun Microsystems, Inc.

The suit was filed today, October 7, 1997 at United States District Court,
Northern District of California, San Jose Division.

The complaint specifies that Sun is seeking "preliminary and permanent
injunction enjoining Microsoft. . .from using the Java Compatible logo;
from doing directly or indirectly any acts or making any statements that
are likely to cause confusion, mistakes or deception in the marketplace as
to the compatibility of IE 4.0 and SDKJ 1.1 with Sun's Java technology . .
. from doing directly or indirectly any acts that are likely to diminish
the value of the Java Compatible logo. . ."

"The Java brand has enormous value in the industry. When users see `Java'
they know they can expect Write Once Run AnywhereTM, Safe Network Delivery,
and Smart Card to Supercomputer Scalability," said Baratz. "We are
obligated to ensure that Java will always mean those things, and the
industry fully supports that philosophy."

Sun noted that Windows users can access applications written for the Java
Programming Environment by using Netscape Navigator. In addition, Java
developers can bundle the Java Performance Runtime for Windows in their
applications. Using this product, developers can deliver high-performance,
fully-compliant Java for Windows.

For More Information

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Lisa Poulson
408-343-1630
lisa.poulson@eng.sun.com

Susanne Vagadori
650-786-8281
susanne.vagadori@corp.sun.com

About Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Since its inception in 1982, a singular vision, "The Network Is The
ComputerTM", has propelled Sun Microsystems, Inc., (NASDAQ: SUNW), to its
position as a leading provider of hardware, software and services for
establishing enterprise-wide intranets and expanding the power of the
Internet. With more than $8.5 billion in annual revenues, Sun can be found
in more than 150 countries and on the World Wide Web at http://www.sun.com.

Sun, the Sun logo, Sun Microsystems, Java, Write Once Run Anywhere, and The
Network Is The Computer, are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun
Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. UNIX is a
registered trademark in the United States and other countries, exclusively
licensed through X/Open Company, Ltd.

Q & A Addendum

Q1: Why is Sun suing Microsoft?
A1: It is Sun's responsibility to defend the integrity of Java. We must do
everything we can to preserve the significant investments that Sun and
hundreds of companies have made in Java. We are taking this action on
behalf of our licensees, the Java industry and Sun's shareholders.

Q2: What is the nature of the complaint? Has Sun revoked Microsoft's
license? A2: Sun has sued Microsoft for breaching its contractual
obligation to deliver a complete, fully-compatible implementation of Java
on its products. Sun is seeking an injunction to prevent Microsoft from
using the Java Compatible logo.Sun is seeking to prevent Microsoft from
misleading Java developers, and to prevent them from delivering anything
but fully compatible Java technology implementations.

The complaint alleges trademark infringement, false advertising, breach of
contract, unfair competition, interference with prospective economic
advantage and inducing breach of contract.

To be very clear, this action does not seek to revoke Microsoft's license.
Our goal is to pressure Microsoft to fulfill the obligations created in
that license.

Q3: How did Microsoft breach their agreement? A3: Microsoft delivered a
product that did not pass the Java compatibility tests. Their license with
Sun is very specific that no product containing any Java technologies may
be shipped without first passing the Java compatibility tests. IE 4.0 does
not pass the tests.

Q4: How does IE 4.0 fail the tests?
A4: First, IE 4.0 does not support the Java Native Method Interface (JNI),
nor does it support Remote Method Invocation (RMI). However, there are
other serious compatibility problems. IE 4.0 adds public API into several
"java." packages. Several methods and fields were added to the awt, lang,
and net packages. In addition, a small number of "java." public methods
were removed.

Java developers expect that the public API found in any package with a name
beginning "java." is part of the standard Java platform and that this API
will be available in all Java Compatible implementations. Because Microsoft
has put these additions in the "java.* hierarchy" developers using
Microsoft's SDK can create apps or applets which they believe will run
anywhere, which will only run in Microsoft Java products.

Q5: What's JNI? Why is it important?
A5: The Java Native Method Interface is an interface of the Java Virtual
Machine that provides a way for developers to access native functionality
on host platforms.

Q6: What's RMI? Why is it important?
A6: RMI is a an API that enables objects to be distributed in homogeneous
Java to Java systems. Creating and implementing distributed computing
architectures is one of Java's greatest strengths. A platform that did not
include RMI would undermine this strength significantly.

Q7: What's JFC and is it part of this dispute? A7: The Java Foundation
Classes are a comprehensive set of class libraries developers use to create
the look and feel of Java applications. It will be shipped in about a
year's time. At this point, they are not yet bundled with the JDK and are
therefore neither part of the current Java Compatibility tests nor part of
the complaint.

Q8: How do the Java compatibility tests work? A8: The test suites are based
on the Java specifications. There are specific test suites for Java
compilers, Java Virtual Machines, and Java API class libraries. The tests
are bundled along with test tools to execute the tests into the package we
call the Java Compatibility Kit. Each licensee is required to run the Java
compatibility tests themselves. We offer support and guidance as needed. In
addition, we audit tests results when they are delivered to us, and may run
the tests on licensees' products ourselves.

Q9: Is Java fragmenting?
A9: There is only one Java. It is the platform that Sun and its other 116
licensees provide to the industry, the platform that over 700,000
developers are using to build apps; the platform that delivers a unique
value proposition -- Write Once Run Anywhere, Safe Network Delivery; and
Smart Card to Supercomputer Scalability. Only one of Sun's 116 Java
licensees is seeking to deliberately undermine that value proposition and
to confuse developers.

Q10: Is Netscape any more compliant than Microsoft? A10: First, Netscape
has been very clear with developers about their level of Java
compatibility. Netscape does not misrepresent their status to developers,
nor do they attempt to confuse them. Second, Netscape has a stated,
demonstrated, commitment to delivering fully compliant Java implementations
within their products.

Q11: How is Microsoft's behavior different from other Java licensees'? A11:
Microsoft is acting to undermine the Java value proposition. Microsoft has
deliberately modified the Java class hierarchy by inserting Microsoft
methods disguised as Java methods within the hierarchy. Because Microsoft's
has deliberately mislabeled the methods, developers using these methods may
be deceived into believing that they have written 100% Pure Java apps.
Because the methods exist only in Microsoft's SDK for Java and IE 4.0
products, developers will find that these apps can only run on Internet
Explorer 4.0.

Microsoft has tried time and time again to FUD Write Once Run Anywhere.
They have attempted to fulfill this claim by inserting their own technology
within their Java implementation.

Q12: Is there a right way to add functionality to the Java platform? A12:
Of course. We encourage all of our licensees to make improvements on top of
the Java platform. There is a well-defined infrastructure in place for
doing so.

Any company who wishes to add function for Java has two options: propose
the enhancement to us for incorporation into the Java APIs, or develop and
deliver this new functionality OUTSIDE of the public Java API package.

Suggestions for changes within the Java API may be given to Sun to be
evaluated by the Java community through Sun's well-established processes.
No licensee may unilaterally make changes within the Java API and deliver
them into the marketplace, as Microsoft has done.

Developers are entitled to expect that their use of Java classes will be
supported on all Java Compatible programs.

Unauthorized changes WITHIN the Java API may undermine the Java value
proposition -- platform independence, safety, scalability. That is the
reason these kinds of changes are not permitted. The Java compatibility
tests inspect implementations to ensure that changes to the public Java API
are not made.

Q13: How will Windows users get Java now? A13: Netscape Navigator is the
best choice for end users who want to be sure they can always run Java.

For developers, Sun offers the Java Performance Runtime for Windows, a high
performance implementation of what's required to run Java apps on Win 32
platforms, free of charge to developers. It is available for download from
our web site.

Q14: How can Sun win a lawsuit against Microsoft, the most powerful
software company in the world? A14: The issues are extremely clear here.
The court looks at the case, not the companies involved. We are very
confident that the court will see the merits of the complaint and move to a
speedy resolution.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Capture One 11.0.1.40 - RAW workflow sof...
Capture One is a professional RAW converter offering you ultimate image quality with accurate colors and incredible detail from more than 400 high-end cameras -- straight out of the box. It offers... Read more
Capture One 11.0.1.40 - RAW workflow sof...
Capture One is a professional RAW converter offering you ultimate image quality with accurate colors and incredible detail from more than 400 high-end cameras -- straight out of the box. It offers... Read more
GraphicConverter 10.5.4 - $39.95
GraphicConverter is an all-purpose image-editing program that can import 200 different graphic-based formats, edit the image, and export it to any of 80 available file formats. The high-end editing... Read more
Dash 4.1.3 - Instant search and offline...
Dash is an API documentation browser and code snippet manager. Dash helps you store snippets of code, as well as instantly search and browse documentation for almost any API you might use (for a full... Read more
Microsoft OneNote 16.9 - Free digital no...
OneNote is your very own digital notebook. With OneNote, you can capture that flash of genius, that moment of inspiration, or that list of errands that's too important to forget. Whether you're at... Read more
DEVONthink Pro 2.9.17 - Knowledge base,...
Save 10% with our exclusive coupon code: MACUPDATE10 DEVONthink Pro is your essential assistant for today's world, where almost everything is digital. From shopping receipts to important research... Read more
OmniGraffle 7.6 - Create diagrams, flow...
OmniGraffle helps you draw beautiful diagrams, family trees, flow charts, org charts, layouts, and (mathematically speaking) any other directed or non-directed graphs. We've had people use Graffle to... Read more
iFinance 4.3.7 - Comprehensively manage...
iFinance allows you to keep track of your income and spending -- from your lunchbreak coffee to your new car -- in the most convenient and fastest way. Clearly arranged transaction lists of all your... Read more
Opera 50.0.2762.58 - High-performance We...
Opera is a fast and secure browser trusted by millions of users. With the intuitive interface, Speed Dial and visual bookmarks for organizing favorite sites, news feature with fresh, relevant content... Read more
Microsoft Office 2016 16.9 - Popular pro...
Microsoft Office 2016 - Unmistakably Office, designed for Mac. The new versions of Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook and OneNote provide the best of both worlds for Mac users - the familiar Office... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Around the Empire: What have you missed...
Around this time every week we're going to have a look at the comings and goings on the other sites in Steel Media's pocket-gaming empire. We'll round up the very best content you might have missed, so you're always going to be up to date with the... | Read more »
Everything about Hero Academy 2: Part 4...
In this part of our Hero Academy 2 guide, we're going to have a look at some of the tactics you're going to need to learn if you want to rise up the ranks. We're going to start off slow, then get more advanced in the next section. [Read more] | Read more »
All the best games on sale for iPhone an...
Another week has flown by. Sometimes it feels like the only truly unstoppable thing is time. Time will make dust of us all. But before it does, we should probably play as many awesome mobile videogames as we can. Am I right, or am I right? [Read... | Read more »
The 7 best games that came out for iPhon...
Well, it's that time of the week. You know what I mean. You know exactly what I mean. It's the time of the week when we take a look at the best games that have landed on the App Store over the past seven days. And there are some real doozies here... | Read more »
Popular MMO Strategy game Lords Mobile i...
Delve into the crowded halls of the Play Store and you’ll find mobile fantasy strategy MMOs-a-plenty. One that’s kicking off the new year in style however is IGG’s Lords Mobile, which has beaten out the fierce competition to receive Google Play’s... | Read more »
Blocky Racing is a funky and fresh new k...
Blocky Racing has zoomed onto the App Store and Google Play this week, bringing with it plenty of classic kart racing shenanigans that will take you straight back to your childhood. If you’ve found yourself hooked on games like Mario Kart or Crash... | Read more »
Cytus II (Games)
Cytus II 1.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: "Cytus II" is a music rhythm game created by Rayark Games. It's our fourth rhythm game title, following the footsteps of three... | Read more »
JYDGE (Games)
JYDGE 1.0.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: Build your JYDGE. Enter Edenbyrg. Get out alive. JYDGE is a lawful but awful roguehate top-down shooter where you get to build your... | Read more »
Tako Bubble guide - Tips and Tricks to S...
Tako Bubble is a pretty simple and fun puzzler, but the game can get downright devious with its puzzle design. If you insist on not paying for the game and want to manage your lives appropriately, check out these tips so you can avoid getting... | Read more »
Everything about Hero Academy 2 - The co...
It's fair to say we've spent a good deal of time on Hero Academy 2. So much so, that we think we're probably in a really good place to give you some advice about how to get the most out of the game. And in this guide, that's exactly what you're... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Deals on clearance 15″ Apple MacBook Pros wit...
B&H Photo has clearance 2016 15″ MacBook Pros available for up to $800 off original MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY & NJ sales tax only: – 15″ 2.7GHz Touch Bar MacBook Pro... Read more
Apple restocked Certified Refurbished 13″ Mac...
Apple has restocked a full line of Certified Refurbished 2017 13″ MacBook Airs starting at $849. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is free: – 13″ 1.8GHz/8GB/128GB... Read more
How to find the lowest prices on 2017 Apple M...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 13″ and 15″ 2017 MacBook Pros available for $200 to $420 off the cost of new models. Apple’s refurbished prices are the lowest available for each model from any... Read more
The lowest prices anywhere on Apple 12″ MacBo...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2017 12″ Retina MacBooks available for $200-$240 off the cost of new models. Apple will include a standard one-year warranty with each MacBook, and shipping is free.... Read more
Apple now offering a full line of Certified R...
Apple is now offering Certified Refurbished 2017 10″ and 12″ iPad Pros for $100-$190 off MSRP, depending on the model. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free: –... Read more
27″ iMacs on sale for $100-$130 off MSRP, pay...
B&H Photo has 27″ iMacs on sale for $100-$130 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges sales tax for NY & NJ residents only: – 27″ 3.8GHz iMac (MNED2LL/A): $2199 $100 off MSRP – 27″ 3.... Read more
2.8GHz Mac mini on sale for $899, $100 off MS...
B&H Photo has the 2.8GHz Mac mini (model number MGEQ2LL/A) on sale for $899 including free shipping plus NY & NJ sales tax only. Their price is $100 off MSRP. Read more
Apple offers Certified Refurbished iPad minis...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 128GB iPad minis available today for $339 including free shipping. Apple’s standard one-year warranty is included. Their price is $60 off MSRP. Read more
Amazon offers 13″ 256GB MacBook Air for $1049...
Amazon has the 13″ 1.8GHz/256B #Apple #MacBook Air on sale today for $150 off MSRP including free shipping: – 13″ 1.8GHz/256GB MacBook Air (MQD42LL/A): $1049.99, $150 off MSRP Read more
9.7-inch 2017 WiFi iPads on sale starting at...
B&H Photo has 9.7″ 2017 WiFi #Apple #iPads on sale for $30 off MSRP for a limited time. Shipping is free, and pay sales tax in NY & NJ only: – 32GB iPad WiFi: $299, $30 off – 128GB iPad WiFi... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Data Center Site Selection and Strat...
# Apple Data Center Site Selection and Strategy Research Analyst Job Number: 83708609 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: 18-Jan-2018 Weekly Hours: Read more
Security Engineering Coordinator, *Apple* R...
# Security Engineering Coordinator, Apple Retail Job Number: 113237456 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: 18-Jan-2018 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Read more
Firmware Engineer - *Apple* Accessories - A...
# Firmware Engineer - Apple Accessories Job Number: 113422485 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: 18-Jan-2018 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Store Leader - Retail District Manag...
Job Description:Job SummaryAs more and more people discover Apple , they visit our retail stores seeking ways to incorporate our products into their lives. It's your Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.