Apple working to make products even more scratch proof
TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Apple working to make products even more scratch proof

As evidenced by a new patent (number 20100273538) at the US Patent & Trademark Office, Apple is working to make its devices even more scratch proof. The patent is for nitriding stainless steel for consumer electronics products.

It involves cost effective system, method and apparatus adapted to provide a nitride layer on stainless steel used for the manufacture of consumer electronic products. In addition to providing a durable, hard surface that is both scratch and impact resistant, the nitride layer allows for the natural surface color and texture of the underlying stainless steel to remain visible to the user. It is this natural surface color and texture of the stainless steel that adds to the aesthetically pleasing appearance of the consumer electronic product thereby enhancing the user's overall experience, says Apple. The inventor is Douglas Weber.

Here's Apple's background and summary of the invention: "The stainless steels owe their resistance to corrosion to the presence of chromium. Currently, there is a range of stainless steels from the plain chromium variety to those containing up to six alloying elements in addition to the usual impurities. However, it will be readily appreciated that chromium is the chief alloying element in iron and steel for inhibiting corrosion. This resistance is not due to the inertness of the chromium, for it combines with oxygen with extreme rapidity, but primarily to the oxide so formed that is very thin and stable, continuous and impervious to further attack.

"Stainless steel is defined as a steel alloy with a minimum of 10% chromium (Cr) content by mass. Stainless steel differs from carbon steel by amount of chromium present. Carbon steel rusts when exposed to air and moisture. This iron oxide film is active and accelerates corrosion by forming more iron oxide. In contrast to ferritic steels, stainless steels have sufficient amount of chromium present so that a passive film of chromium(III) oxide (Cr2O3) forms within a surface region. It is this film that prevents further surface corrosion and blocks corrosion spreading in the metal's internal structure.

"There are different types of stainless steels. Austenitic stainless steel is formed when nickel (Ni) is added to the iron melt. In this way, the austenitic structure of iron is stabilized. This austenitic structure makes austenitic stainless steels non-magnetic and therefore less likely to inhibit electromagnetic (EM) activity which can be a significant consideration when used in the manufacture of consumer electronics such as cell phones that utilize RF, Wi Fi, BlueTooth, or other EM based wireless technologies.

"Over the years, stainless steels have become firmly established as materials for cooking utensils, fasteners, cutlery, flatware, decorative architectural hardware, and equipment for use in chemical plants, dairy and food-processing plants, health and sanitation applications, petroleum and petrochemical plants, textile plants, and the pharmaceutical and transportation industries. Some of these applications involve exposure to either elevated or cryogenic temperatures; austenitic stainless steels are well suited to either type of service. However, it has now become desirable to use stainless steel in the manufacture of a variety of portable consumer electronic products particularly for the visual impact and structural integrity provided.

"However, in order to maintain the look and feel of the stainless steel used in consumer electronics, it is necessary to protect the stainless steel surface from damage that would adversely affect the outward appearance. Furthermore, the protection provided the stainless steel surface must not adversely affect the look and feel of the component. Therefore, it is desirable to preserve the appearance of consumer electronic products that utilize stainless steel as an aesthetic and structural aspect.

"The present invention facilitates the mass production of consistent and aesthetically pleasing nitrided stainless steel components used for consumer electronic products. Such components can be used for a variety of applications, such as to form outer housings for a laptop computer, media players, cell phones or other similar devices. This can be accomplished by providing a variety of manufacturing techniques and features to traditional stainless steel nitriding process typically used for industrial or environmentally challenged (i.e., corrosive) environments not generally encountered in typical consumer applications.

"In one embodiment, a nitride layer is formed on a stainless steel component used for a consumer electronic product. In the described embodiment, the stainless steel can be austenitic stainless steel where the nitride layer is formed using a salt bath nitride process. The initial nitride layer formed can be at least 15-30 microns thick with a Vickers Hardness (HV) value of at least 1000. In the described embodiment, stainless steel component can be placed in the salt bath at not more than 580 C for a period of time not to exceed approximately 1.5 hours.

"A finished nitride layer is formed by performing at least one finishing operation on the initial nitride layer. The at least one finishing operation removes at most about 10% of the initial nitride layer.

"In another embodiment, a process for preparing a stainless steel housing adapted for assembly of a portable consumer electronic device that includes a plurality of electrical components is described."

 
AAPL
$97.67
Apple Inc.
+1.41
MSFT
$43.63
Microsoft Corpora
+0.89
GOOG
$511.17
Google Inc.
-13.34

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

MenuMeters 1.8 - CPU, memory, disk, and...
MenuMeters is a set of CPU, memory, disk, and network monitoring tools for Mac OS X. Although there are numerous other programs which do the same thing, none had quite the feature set I was looking... Read more
Coda 2.5 - One-window Web development su...
Coda is a powerful Web editor that puts everything in one place. An editor. Terminal. CSS. Files. With Coda 2, we went beyond expectations. With loads of new, much-requested features, a few... Read more
Arq 4.6.1 - Online backup to Google Driv...
Arq is super-easy online backup for the Mac. Back up to your own Google Drive storage (15GB free storage), your own Amazon Glacier ($.01/GB per month storage) or S3, or any SFTP server. Arq backs up... Read more
Airfoil 4.8.10 - Send audio from any app...
Airfoil allows you to send any audio to AirPort Express units, Apple TVs, and even other Macs and PCs, all in sync! It's your audio - everywhere. With Airfoil you can take audio from any... Read more
Apple iMovie 10.0.6 - Edit personal vide...
With an all-new design, Apple iMovie lets you enjoy your videos like never before. Browse your clips more easily, instantly share your favorite moments, and create beautiful HD movies and Hollywood-... Read more
OnyX 2.8.8 - Maintenance and optimizatio...
OnyX is a multifunctional utility for OS X. It allows you to verify the startup disk and the structure of its System files, to run miscellaneous tasks of system maintenance, to configure the hidden... Read more
Parallels Desktop 10.1 - Run Windows app...
Parallels Desktop is simply the world's bestselling, top-rated, and most trusted solution for running Windows applications on your Mac. With Parallels Desktop for Mac, you can seamlessly run both... Read more
Apple Keynote 6.5 - Apple's present...
Apple Keynote makes it simple to create and deliver beautiful presentations. Powerful tools and dazzling effects bring your ideas to life. You can work seamlessly between Mac and iOS devices. And... Read more
OmniPlan 2.3.7 - Robust project manageme...
With OmniPlan, you can create logical, manageable project plans with Gantt charts, schedules, summaries, milestones, and critical paths. Break down the tasks needed to make your project a success,... Read more
Flavours 1.1.16 - Create and apply theme...
Flavours is a Mac application that allow users to create, apply and share beautifully designed themes. Classy Give your Mac a gorgeous new look by applying delicious themes! Easy Unleash your... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

My Very Hungry Caterpillar (Education)
My Very Hungry Caterpillar 1.0.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $3.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: Care for your very own Very Hungry Caterpillar! My Very Hungry Caterpillar will captivate you as he crawls... | Read more »
Dungeon Dick (Games)
Dungeon Dick 1.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.1 (iTunes) Description: Dungeon Dick is a fantasy adventure where you must discover the wicked plot to destroy the lands . 'Fling' at your foes and land... | Read more »
Here’s How the Apple Watch Could Transfo...
With the Apple Watch’s generic release date of, “early 2015” hovering on the horizon, it’s only a matter of time before gamers begin to ask “What’s in it for us?” The obvious choice would be to place entire games directly on the face of the watch,... | Read more »
Republique Episode 3: Ones & Zeroes...
Republique Episode 3: Ones & Zeroes is Available Now Posted by Rob Rich on October 17th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Loot Raiders Review
Loot Raiders Review By Campbell Bird on October 17th, 2014 Our Rating: :: PRESS BUTTON, GET LOOTUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad This menu-based loot game is suitable to compel those with pretty extreme loot lust.   | Read more »
Angry Birds are Crashing Puzzle & Dr...
Angry Birds are Crashing Puzzle & Dragons Next Week Posted by Rob Rich on October 17th, 2014 [ permalink ] Next week, Puzzle & Dragons is getting a little angry. Because, you know, Angry Birds. It’s a… a pun. I thought… never mind. | Read more »
Incandescence Review
Incandescence Review By Andrew Fisher on October 17th, 2014 Our Rating: :: ALL TAPPED OUTUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Incandescence promises intense tapping action, but isn’t particularly fun.   | Read more »
Lion Pig (Games)
Lion Pig 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: "Leaving aside the biology of how a pig and a lion might meet, fall in love, and create this curious cross-breed, Lion Pig is a... | Read more »
Zero Lives (Games)
Zero Lives 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Zero Lives is a puzzle game. Simple and elegant at its core but deep and captivating the more you play. Each puzzle will challenge... | Read more »
#SUPERHYPER (Games)
#SUPERHYPER 001 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 001 (iTunes) Description: "This is a game that fans of challenging minimalist arcade games, not to mention pixel art, should keep an eye on" - Touch Arcade "... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple Pay Available to Millions of Visa Cardh...
Visa Inc. brings secure, convenient payments to iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3as well as iPhone 6 and 6 Plus. Starting October 20th, eligible Visa cardholders in the U.S. will be able to use Apple Pay,... Read more
Textkraft Pocket – the missing TextEdit for i...
infovole GmbH has announced the release and immediate availability of Textkraft Pocket 1.0, a professional text editor and note taking app for Apple’s iPhone. In March 2014 rumors were all about... Read more
C Spire to offer iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3,...
C Spire on Friday announced that it will offer iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3, both with Wi-Fi + Cellular, on its 4G+ LTE network in the coming weeks. C Spire will offer the new iPads with a range of... Read more
Belkin Announces Full Line of Keyboards and C...
Belkin International has unveiled a new lineup of keyboard cases and accessories for Apple’s newest iPads, featuring three QODE keyboards and a collection of thin, lightweight folios for both the... Read more
Verizon offers new iPad Air 2 preorders for $...
Verizon Wireless is accepting preorders for the new iPad Air 2, cellular models, for $100 off MSRP with a 2-year service agreement: - 16GB iPad Air 2 WiFi + Cellular: $529.99 - 64GB iPad Air 2 WiFi... Read more
Price drops on refurbished Mac minis, now ava...
The Apple Store has dropped prices on Apple Certified Refurbished previous-generation Mac minis, with models now available starting at $419. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and... Read more
Apple refurbished 2014 MacBook Airs available...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 MacBook Airs available for up to $180 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is free.... Read more
Refurbished 2013 MacBook Pros available for u...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 13″ and 15″ MacBook Pros available starting at $929. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping is free: - 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pros (4GB RAM/... Read more
WaterField Designs Unveils Outback iPad Slip...
Fresh on the heels of Apple’s announcement Thursday, WaterField Designs unveils its new Outback Slip Case for the iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3 — a custom-fitted case for the just-announced Apple iPads... Read more
Apple Introduces iPad Air 2 & iPad mini 3...
Apple on Thursday introduced iPad Air 2, slimmed down again to just 6.1 mm, and weighing less than a pound. iPad Air 2 also features an improved Retina display claimed to deliver enhanced contrast... Read more

Jobs Board

Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** At the Apple Store, you connect business professionals and entrepreneurs with the tools they need in order to put Apple solutions to work in their Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** The Apple Store is a retail environment like no other - uniquely focused on delivering amazing customer experiences. As an Expert, you introduce people Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** As businesses discover the power of Apple computers and mobile devices, it's your job - as a Solutions Engineer - to show them how to introduce these Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
…Summary** As a Specialist, you help create the energy and excitement around Apple products, providing the right solutions and getting products into customers' hands. You Read more
Project Manager, *Apple* Financial Services...
**Job Summary** Apple Financial Services (AFS) offers consumers, businesses and educational institutions ways to finance Apple purchases. We work with national and Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.