Apple eyeing ways to rank relevance of information objects by computer users
TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Apple eyeing ways to rank relevance of information objects by computer users

An Apple patent (number 7,823,214) for a system for ranking the relevance of information objects accessed by computer users has appeared at the US Patent & Trademark Office. It's directed to information access in multiuser computer systems, and more particularly to a system for ranking the relevance of information that is accessed via a computer.

Information presented to a user via an information access system is ranked according to a prediction of the likely degree of relevance to the user's interests. A profile of interests is stored for each user having access to the system. Items of information to be presented to a user are ranked according to their likely degree of relevance to that user and displayed in order of ranking. The prediction of relevance is carried out by combining data pertaining to the content of each item of information with other data regarding correlations of interests between users.

A value indicative of the content of a document can be added to another value which defines user correlation, to produce a ranking score for a document. Alternatively, multiple regression analysis or evolutionary programming can be carried out with respect to various factors pertaining to document content and user correlation, to generate a prediction of relevance. The user correlation data is obtained from feedback information provided by users when they retrieve items of information. Preferably, the user provides an indication of interest in each document which he or she retrieves from the system. The inventors are Daniel E. Rose, Jeremy J. Borstein, Kevin Tiene and Dulce B. Ponceleon.

Here's Apple's background and summary of the invention: "The use of computers to obtain and/or exchange information is becoming quite widespread. Currently, there are three prevalent types of systems that can be employed to distribute information via computers. One of these systems comprises electronic mail, also known as e-mail, in which a user receives messages, such as documents, that have been specifically sent to his or her electronic mailbox. Typically, to receive the documents, no explicit action is required on the user's part, except to access the mailbox itself. In most systems, the user is informed whenever new messages have been sent to his or her mailbox, enabling them to be read in a timely fashion.

"Another medium that is used to distribute information is an electronic bulletin board system. In such a system, users can post documents or files to directories corresponding to specific topics, where they can be viewed by other users who need not be explicitly designated. In order to view the documents, the other users must actively select and open the directories containing topics of interest. Articles and other items of information posted to bulletin board systems typically expire after some time period, and are then deleted.

"The third form of information exchange is by means of text retrieval from static data bases, which are typically accessed through dial-up services. A group of users, or a service bureau, can place documents of common interest on a file server. Using a text searching tool, individual users can locate documents matching a specific topical query. Some services of this type enable users to search personal databases, as well as databases of other users.

"As the use of these types of systems becomes ever more common, the amount of information presented to users can reach the point of becoming unmanageable. For example, users of electronic mail services are increasingly finding that they receive more mail than they can usefully handle. Part of this problem is due to the fact that junk mail of no particular interest is regularly sent in bulk to lists of user accounts. In order to view messages of interest, the user may be required to sift through a large volume of undesirable mail.

"Similarly, in bulletin board systems, the number of documents in a particular topical category at any given time can be quite significant. The user must try to identify documents of interest on the basis of cryptic titles. As a result, an opportunity to view documents that are critically relevant may be missed if the user cannot take the time to view all documents in the category.

"Along similar lines, in a text retrieval system, a broadly framed query can result in the identification of a large number of documents for the user to view. In an effort to reduce the number of documents, the user may modify the query to narrow its scope. In doing so, however, documents of interest may be eliminated because they do not exactly match the modified query.

"In the past, some information access systems, particularly e-mail systems, have provided the user with the ability to have incoming information filtered, so that only items of interest would be presented to the user. The filtering was carried out on the basis of objective criteria specified by the user. Any messages not meeting the filtering criteria would be blocked. There is always the danger in such an objective approach that potentially relevant items of information can be missed. It is desirable, therefore, to employ a system for predicting the likely relevance of items of information to a particular user, so that the items of interest can be ranked and the need to deal with large amounts of irrelevant information can be avoided.

"Some types of relevance predictors have already been proposed. For example, the contents of a document can be examined to make a determination as to whether a user might find that document to be of interest, based on user-supplied information. While approaches of this type have some utility, they are limited because the prediction of relevance is made only on the basis of one attribute, e.g., word content. It is desirable to improve upon existing relevance predicting techniques, and provide a system which takes into account a variety of attributes that are relevant to a user's likely interest in a particular item of information. In this regard, it is particularly desirable to provide an information relevance predicting technique which utilizes community feedback as one of the factors in the prediction.

"In accordance with the present invention, information to be presented to a user via an information access system is ranked according to a prediction of the likely degree of relevance to the user's interests. A profile of interests is stored for each user having access to the system. Using this profile, items of information to be presented to the user, e.g., messages in an electronic mail network or documents within a particular bulletin board category, are ranked according to their likely degree of relevance and displayed with an indication of their relative ranking. For example, they can be displayed in order of rank.

"The prediction of relevance is carried out by combining data pertaining to one or more attributes of each item of information with other data regarding correlations of interests between users. For example, a value indicative of the content of a document can be added to another value which defines user correlation, to produce a ranking score for a document. Other information evaluation techniques, such as multiple regression analysis or evolutionary programming, can alternatively be employed to evaluate various factors pertaining to document content and user correlation, and thereby generate a prediction of relevance.

"The user correlation data is obtained through feedback information provided by users when they retrieve items of information. Preferably, the user provides an indication of interest in each document which he or she retrieves from the system.

"The relevance predicting technique of the present invention is applicable to all different types of information access systems. For example, it can be employed to filter messages provided to a user in an electronic mail system and search results obtained through an on-line text retrieval service. Similarly, it can be employed to route relevant documents to users in a bulletin board system."

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

FotoMagico 5.4.1 - Powerful slideshow cr...
FotoMagico lets you create professional slideshows from your photos and music with just a few, simple mouse clicks. It sports a very clean and intuitive yet powerful user interface. High image... Read more
Espresso 3.0 - Powerful HTML, XML, CSS,...
Espresso is back. For people who make delightful, innovative, and fast websites -- in an app to match. Espresso helps you write, code, design, build, and publish with flair and efficiency.... Read more
Spotify 1.0.51.693. - Stream music, crea...
Spotify is a streaming music service that gives you on-demand access to millions of songs. Whether you like driving rock, silky R&B, or grandiose classical music, Spotify's massive catalogue puts... Read more
Gutenprint 5.2.12 - Quality drivers for...
Gutenprint is a suite of printer drivers that may be used with most common UNIX print spooling systems, including CUPS, lpr, LPRng, or others. Gutenprint currently supports over 2000 printer models.... Read more
Firefox 52.0.2 - Fast, safe Web browser.
Firefox offers a fast, safe Web browsing experience. Browse quickly, securely, and effortlessly. With its industry-leading features, Firefox is the choice of Web development professionals and casual... Read more
Google Chrome 57.0.2987.133 - Modern and...
Google Chrome is a Web browser by Google, created to be a modern platform for Web pages and applications. It utilizes very fast loading of Web pages and has a V8 engine, which is a custom built... Read more
RapidWeaver 7.3.3 - Create template-base...
RapidWeaver is a next-generation Web design application to help you easily create professional-looking Web sites in minutes. No knowledge of complex code is required, RapidWeaver will take care of... Read more
Chromium 57.0.2987.133 - Fast and stable...
Chromium is an open-source browser project that aims to build a safer, faster, and more stable way for all Internet users to experience the web. Version 27.0.2987.133: Note: This update has no Flash... Read more
Lyn 1.8.8 - Lightweight image browser an...
Lyn is a fast, lightweight image browser and viewer designed for photographers, graphic artists, and Web designers. Featuring an extremely versatile and aesthetically pleasing interface, it delivers... Read more
Adobe Animate CC 2017 16.2.0 - Advanced...
Animate CC 2017 is available as part of Adobe Creative Cloud for as little as $19.99/month (or $9.99/month if you're a previous Flash Professional customer). Animate CC 2017 (was Flash CC) lets you... Read more

Dynasty Warriors: Unleashed arrives on m...
No one does mindless hack and slash quite like a Musou game. What's more fun than single-handedly chopping your way through hundreds of enemies? Now, for the first time ever, that unrivaled experience goes mobile with Dynasty Warriors: Unleashed.... | Read more »
Crash of Cars beginner's guide
Crash of Cars is a fun new entry in the realm of multiplayer beat 'em ups. It's basically bumper cars off the rails -- players drive around in vehicles of their choosing -- anything from a mini-van to the weinermobile in all of its glory --... | Read more »
Dynasty Blades new update introduces a n...
Sharpen your weapons -- Dynasty Blades is back with new and improved hack n’ slash stylings. The Romance of the Three Kingdoms-inspired action MMORPG introduces a bunch of fun new features in its latest update. For the uninitiated, Dynasty Blades... | Read more »
Meganoid(2017) (Games)
Meganoid(2017) 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $3.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: LAUNCH DISCOUNT 20% UNTIL APRIL 2nd! Support, tip and tricks: http://www.orangepixel.net/forum/ Subscribe to our newsletter... | Read more »
Telltale's Guardians of the Galaxy...
Telltale will be releasing their rendition of Guardians of the Galaxy later this month. The first episode, Tangled Up in Blue, features familiar faces including Star-Lord, Groot, Rocket, Gamora, and Drax. If the first episode's title is any... | Read more »
Royal Dungeon (Games)
Royal Dungeon 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: The king and his queen are trapped in their castle which suddenly turned out as a very dangerous place. The goal is to escape... | Read more »
Tom Clancy's ShadowBreak is a real-...
Ubisoft is treating Tom Clancy fans to the series' very first mobile-exclusive game in ShadowBreak, a real-time, multiplayer shooter in which players snipe at enemies in fast-paced tactics-driven combat. [Read more] | Read more »
Power Rangers: Legacy Wars beginner...
Rita Repulsa is back, but this time she's invading your mobile phone in Power Rangers: Legacy Wars. What looks to be a straightforward beat 'em up is actually a tough-as-nails multiplayer strategy game that requires some deft tactical maneuvering.... | Read more »
Hearthstone celebrates the upcoming Jour...
Hearthstone gets a new expansion, Journey to Un'Goro, in a little over a week, and they'll be welcoming the Year of the Mammoth, the next season, at the same time. There's a lot to be excited about, so Blizzard is celebrating in kind. Players will... | Read more »
4 smart and stylish puzzle games like Ty...
TypeShift launched a little over a week ago, offering some puzzling new challenges for word nerds equipped with an iOS device. Created by Zach Gage, the mind behind Spelltower, TypeShift boasts, like its predecessor, a sleak design and some very... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Deal alert! 13-inch 2.0GHz MacBook Pros now f...
B&H Photo has lowered their price on 13″ Apple 2.0GHz MacBook Pros to $225 off MSRP through midnight tonight (3/30/17). Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 2.0GHz... Read more
1.4GHz Mac mini on sale for $399, $100 off MS...
B&H Photo has the 1.4GHz Mac mini on sale for $100 off MSRP including free shipping plus NY sales tax only: - 1.4GHz Mac mini: $399 $100 off MSRP Sale ends on March 31st. Read more
13-inch 128GB MacBook Air on sale for $849, s...
B&H Photo has lowered their price on the 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air to $849, or $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MMGF2LL/A... Read more
Is Apple Planning An iPhone Based Modular Doc...
Today’s more powerful and larger-screened smartphones and phablets are becoming the default anchor computing device for more and more users computing devices, but even a five or six inch panel is not... Read more
Razer Launches New Razer Blade Pro World’s Fi...
Razer, the gaming and high performance hardware specialists, have announced the new Razer Blade Pro laptop — the first laptop to be qualified for THX Mobile Certification, an accreditation reserved... Read more
Gro CRM’s Apple Small Business Mac And iOS CR...
Gro Software, developers of the Mac CRM software for small business and enterprise, are included in FinancesOnline 2017 CRM Rising Stars and Great User Experience lists by business software review... Read more
Deal alert! 15-inch and 13-inch MacBook Pros...
B&H Photo has the new 2016 15″ and 13″ Apple MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for up to $200 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.7GHz Touch Bar... Read more
Save up to $420 on a new MacBook Pro with App...
Apple is offering Certified Refurbished 2016 15″ and 13″ MacBook Pros, including some Touch Bar models, for up to $420 off original MSRP. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and... Read more
12-inch 1.2GHz Retina MacBooks on sale for $1...
B&H has 12″ 1.2GHz Retina MacBooks on sale for up to $200 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 12″ 1.2GHz Space Gray Retina MacBook: $1449 $150 off MSRP - 12″ 1.... Read more
Is A New 10.5-inch iPad Still Coming In April...
There was no sign or mention of a long-rumored and much anticipated 10.5-inch iPad Pro in Apple’s product announcements last week. The exciting iPad news was release of an upgraded iPad Air with a... Read more

Jobs Board

Fulltime aan de slag als shopmanager in een h...
Ben jij helemaal gek van Apple -producten en vind je het helemaal super om fulltime shopmanager te zijn in een jonge en hippe elektronicazaak? Wil jij werken in Read more
Fulltime aan de slag als shopmanager in een h...
Ben jij helemaal gek van Apple -producten en vind je het helemaal super om fulltime shopmanager te zijn in een jonge en hippe elektronicazaak? Wil jij werken in Read more
Fulltime aan de slag als shopmanager in een h...
Ben jij helemaal gek van Apple -producten en vind je het helemaal super om fulltime shopmanager te zijn in een jonge en hippe elektronicazaak? Wil jij werken in Read more
Desktop Analyst - *Apple* Products - Montef...
…technology to improve patient care. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES: Provide day-to-day support for Apple Hardware and Software in the environment based on the team's support Read more
*Apple* Mobile Master - Best Buy (United Sta...
**493168BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobile Master **Location Number:** 000827-Denton-Store **Job Description:** **What does a Best Buy Apple Mobile Master do?** At Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.