TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Plotting
Volume Number:9
Issue Number:6
Column Tag:Jörg's Folder

Plotting Packages for Fortran

Inspecting TSI Graphics and SuperPlot

By Jörg Langowski, MacTech Magazine Regular Contributing Author

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Sorry to say for you C++ and Forth lovers, my desk recently gets swamped with goodies from both main players in the Macintosh Fortran game. Absoft has just sent a big parcel with version 3.2 of MacFortran II. Now, the deadline is again approaching in giant leaps, and I have no time to review it for this column; but I promise you a detailed overview in the next one. Here I’ll only mention that Absoft Fortran’s Macintosh run time environment - one of the main shortcomings of previous versions - has finally been improved. Apple Events are supported, as is publish/subscribe, you can use multiple windows, change fonts, change menus, etc. Just from looking at the manual it seems that they offer as many possibilities as LS Fortran, if not more. First tests with the Linpack benchmark indicate that the speed it still about the same (on my old MacII), which means the usual 20-30% faster than LS Fortran (I guess the compiler that makes my MacII turn as fast as a Cray still has to be invented). So stay tuned for a review.

TSI Graphics

Unless you are content with interfacing your Fortran output to a spreadsheet (you saw in the last column how that goes), you might have struggled with writing your own code for graphing the results of a Fortran program. If you have done that, you know how much time you can waste reinventing the wheel. Because there are good plotting libraries around, and one of them is TSI Graphics (Techno-Sciences Inc., 10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204, Lanham, MD 20706; phone (301) 577-6000). Language Systems is promoting this package, which works with their Fortran and contains some very powerful tools.

TSI Graphics does several things that are quite tedious to implement if you do it on your own. First of all, it creates one or several - automatically updated - graphics windows. Each window can contain several plot regions in which to display your data. The beautiful thing is that plots created using the TSI plotting routines are automatically adjusted to fit into the active plot area, so you don’t have to worry about setting the length of an axis, the rectangle of a frame, etc. If you have written code that plots correctly in a certain region, the plot will still have the same aspect when you resize the plot area.

The types of plots that are possible are line, bar, pie, X-Y, contour, and 3D mesh surface plots. You can add error bars to plots, create cumulative plots from groups of data, of course use linear or logarithmic scales, set the ranges of the plot axes automatically, label the plot with text in the font, size and style you want, print the plot or save it to a file, and plot in any color (using your own color tables). In fact, you have most of the functions available that a good data graphing program will give you, including the possibility to offset slices of a pie chart to emphasize them. I found one important feature missing - you cannot draw dashed or dotted lines, or change the line thickness. For the rest of us who does not have color printers available, this would be a very important addition - the only way you can distinguish line plots on a black-and-white printer so far is by adding symbols to data points. Adding different line styles to version 2.0 is strongly suggested.

Let us now see how TSI graphics does its work. For the example program, I have chosen the contour plot and the 3D mesh plot, both things you wouldn’t wish you had to write your own code for. We create a 2-dimensional data array and display it both ways in one window, using two different plot areas. The function we plot is

z = 10.0 * exp (-r/5.) * sin(r/2.) *  cos(2.*atan2(x,y))

where r is the distance from the origin x=0, y=0. The output of the program (see listing) is shown in Figure 1.

Fig. 1: Output of the plot program

How is TSI Graphics used? The example shows that you first call a setup routine, InitGraphicsPackage(), set the size of the output window, and then, after creating the data, call the actual plotting routine DrawInNewWindow. This last routine takes one parameter, a pointer to a subroutine that does the drawing. All this happens in the main Fortran program; as you know if you are familiar with the LS Fortran environment, the main program is often used only for setup purposes. After the main program has exited, the run time environment lets you call subroutines to do the actual work by connecting them to menu items. TSI Graphics works closely connected to this LS Fortran run time environment and hooks itself into the main event loop (at least I think so, I haven’t analyzed the code), so that update events to the graphics window are intercepted and the drawing subroutine is called, even after the main program has exited.

This gives you the advantage that you can easily write very modular code. You define your graphics window(s) with the associated drawing routines and your menus with the routines that do the calculation in the main program, and then exit to the run time environment. Then you can initiate your calculations from the menus, change the data that is to be plotted, and have the graphics window automatically update itself (assuming you have written the plotting subroutine so that it takes into account the changed data correctly). Even if you resize the graphics window, all plot areas will be recalculated to fit into the new window.

Look at the example again: all drawing is done through the routine CreatePlot, which receives its parameters through a common block (you can’t pass subroutines with parameters as arguments to other subroutines in Fortran). The first part of the drawing routine creates the 3D mesh plot. Two plotting areas are defined in the window: the two calls to SetPercentPlotRegion define the left and right halves of the window as plotting areas 1 and 2. The coordinates of the areas are given in percent of the total window height and width. We then set the plotting area to 1 (the left half), and inset the plot by 10% from each side of the area (the call to SetPlotRatio). The rectangle to be displayed in the mesh plot goes from -10 to +10 in both x and y directions (the call to Set3DViewingRect), and we look at this rectangle from a certain point in space (the call to Set3DEyePosition). After these setup calls, we are ready to call MeshPlot, which gives us the complicated plot that you see in the left half of the figure, and label it with some text.

The contour plot is then created by the second half of the program. We set the new plotting area, define the x and y scaling (both from -15 to 15), and draw axes on all four sides of the plot. Then we call ContourPlot and are done! You see the result in the right half of the figure. Quite impressive, and I challenge you to write such a routine yourself, you’ll spend a lot of time on it.

SuperPlot

Another philosophy for displaying data is followed by a plotting package that is compatible with both Language Systems and Absoft Fortran: SuperPlot. It is available through SuperSoft, 498 E Robin Rd., Orem, UT 84057, (801) 225-4356. SuperPlot is at an intermediate position between choosing a separate graphing program like Excel for displaying the Fortran data, and an integrated plotting library like TSI Graphics. When you link the SuperPlot routines into your Fortran application, the program behaves as if you had a complete 2D plotting application embedded within your program. When you invoke SuperPlot it replaces the application’s menu bar with one of its own and, once the plot has been drawn, it allows you to edit, save or print the graph, change the axis scaling, line size and styles, add arrows or text, etc. You have to select “Quit to application” from SuperPlot’s menu bar to return control to the FORTRAN program. Multiple calls to SuperPlot can be made from a single program and up to 10 sets of data may be overlaid on the same graph.

In my opinion, SuperPlot is not so much for writing Fortran programs for general distribution (except if you write a general-purpose graphing program, in which case SuperPlot has already done most of the job), but for the research/engineering type user who has to display data from a program and wants to do so without having to save the data first, open a graphics program, read the data in, create the graph etc. If you write a program in which a graphics window is an integral part of the application and the graphics output needs to be updated without user intervention, you need TSI Graphics. Also, the contour and 3D mesh plot options are very powerful and not available in SuperPlot. On the other hand, for creating nicely-looking black and white graphs, SuperPlot is much superior (of course it can do color, too), allowing you to do dashed lines of varying thickness and easily change the plot style without having to recompile the Fortran program.

Next month - a review of Absoft Fortran (as promised), and more.

Example: Window with double plot area, containing a contour and a 3D mesh 
plot

      Program JLDemo
      External CreatePlot
      INTEGER maxContourX, maxContourY
      REAL XYZdata(31,31)
      integer contourColors(128)
      Common /theData/ XYZdata, contourcolors 

!Initialize TSI Graphics
      Call InitGraphicsPackage()

!Create data and load into XYZdata array
      CALL createData(XYZdata)

!Change Output window 
   Call SetOutputGraphWindowSize (20,20,600,300)
   
!Create a graphics window and hook up our subroutine
      Call DrawInNewWindow(CreatePlot)

!Move the FORTRAN text window off-screen
      Call MoveOutWindow(10,800,200,900)

!Exit and let the FORTRAN menus take over
      End
   
   
      Subroutine CreatePlot
   include 'tsiconstants.fi'
      INTEGER i
      REAL XYZdata(31,31)
      integer contourColors(128)
      Common /theData/ XYZdata, contourcolors 

!Set the contour colors
      DO i = 1, 128
        contourColors(i) = mod(i, 7)
      END DO


!Define two plot windows for the contour plot 
!and the 3D plot
      CALL SetPercentPlotRegion(1, 0.02,0.05, 0.48,0.95)
      CALL SetPercentPlotRegion(2, 0.52,0.05, 0.97,0.95)

!3D mesh plot
      CALL ChangePlotRegion(1)
      CALL SetPlotRatio(1, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1)

!Set the size of the viewing rectangle
      Call Set3DViewingRect(-10.0,-10.0,10.0,10.0)

!Set the view point location
      Call Set3DEyePosition(15.0, 7.5, -10.0)

!Create the plot using a blue outline and yellow fill
      Call SetColor(blue)
      Call MeshPlot(XYZdata, 31, 31, -15., -15., 
 1.0, 1.0, yellow)

!  Switch to black and label the mesh using 
!18pt Palatino Bold-Italic
      Call SetColor(black)
      Call SetTextStyle('Palatino', 1+2, 0, 12)
      Call LabelGraph(500.0, 900.0, 
 'exp(r/5)sin(r/2)cos(2*phi)', 1, 0)

!Select region for the contour plot
      CALL ChangePlotRegion(2)
      CALL SetPlotRatio(2, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1)

!Set plotting range scale 
      CALL SetXYPlottingRange( -15.0, -15.0, 15.0, 15.0)

!Change to black and draw axes
      CALL SetColor(black)

!Manually draw and label the lower pair of axes
      CALL SetXYIntercepts(-15.0,-15.0)
      CALL DrawYAxis(0.5,1)
      CALL LabelYAxis(10, 1)
      CALL DrawXAxis(0.5,1)
      CALL LabelXAxis(10,1)

!Manually draw and label the upper pair of axes
      CALL SetXYIntercepts(15.0,15.0)
      CALL DrawYAxis(0.5,0)
      CALL LabelYAxis(10,0)
      CALL DrawXAxis(0.5,0)
      CALL LabelXAxis(10,0)

!Border the plot area
      CALL BorderPlotRegion(black)
   
!Plot the data
      CALL ContourPlot(XYZdata,31,31,-15.0,-15.0, 
 1.0,1.0, 1.0,contourColors)

      Return
      END


      SUBROUTINE CreateData(XYZdata)
      INTEGER i,j
      REAL x,y,z,r
      REAL XYZdata(31,31)

!The subroutine for creating the data
      DO i = 1, 31
         x = REAL(i-16)
         DO j = 1, 31
             y = REAL(j-16)
  r = sqrt(x*x+y*y)
             z = 10.0 * exp (-r/5.) * sin(r/2.) *  
 cos(2.*atan2(x,y)) 
             XYZdata(i,j) = z
         END DO
      END DO
      END

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

How to build a successful civilisation i...
GodFinger 2 grants you godlike powers, leaving you to raise a civilization of followers. In the spirit of games like Black & White, the GodFinger games will see you building bigger and better villages, developing more advanced technology and... | Read more »
How to get all the crabs in Mr Crab 2
Mr. Crab 2 may look like a cutesy platformer for kids, but if you're the kind of person who likes to complete a game 100%, you'll soon realise that it's a tougher than a crustacean's shell. [Read more] | Read more »
How to be a star in Britney Spears: Amer...
If you've ever wanted to be a star, baby, then you've probably already checked out Britney Spears: American Dream and are happily making your way up the charts. But fame doesn't come easy, and everyone needs a helping hand sometimes. So we've got... | Read more »
AppSpy is hiring a part time Staff Write...
| Read more »
How to save lives in ER Surgery Simulato...
A serious earthquake has struck a nearby town in ER Surgery Simulator - Emergency Doctor, and it’s up to you to save the victims. [Read more] | Read more »
Tips and tricks to get a high score in G...
Ketchapp Games loves the endless runner genre. And its newest game, Gravity Switch, is no exception. Gravity Switch takes a fresh approach, though, as you move a block, suspended in zero gravity, safely through a maze of shifting pillars. If the... | Read more »
Tips and tricks to get a high score in S...
Smash Fu is a high-paced tile-tapping game that requires quick reflexes and some practice. You’ll have to smash bricks with the skill of a seasoned black belt to get a high score. To raise the stakes a bit, you’ll also have to avoid tapping any... | Read more »
How to keep the ball rolling in Dropple
If you're new to the minimalist puzzler Dropple, you may find yourself struggling to make it beyond the first couple of steps before your ball falls into the endless abyss below. [Read more] | Read more »
Game Craft releases new Legend of War ti...
Set for release at the end of this month, real time strategy title Legend of War seems sure to delight with a veritable feast of sweet features to get stuck into. Developed by Game Craft, the game is due for release through both the App Store and... | Read more »
How not to die in Traffic Rider
Traffic Rider, an Out Run-esque game in which your ride a motorcycle recklessly into trffic, might not seem particularly complicated. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple refurbished iMacs available for up to $...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2015 21″ & 27″ iMacs available for up to $350 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping is free. The following models are available: - 21″ 3.... Read more
Textkraft Professional Becomes A Mobile Produ...
The new update 4.1 of Textkraft Professional for the iPad comes with many new and updated features that will be particularly of interest to self-publishers of e-books. Highlights include import and... Read more
SnipNotes 2.0 – Intelligent note-taking for i...
Indie software developer Felix Lisczyk has announced the release and immediate availability of SnipNotes 2.0, the next major version of his productivity app for iOS devices and Apple Watch.... Read more
Pitch Clock – The Entrepreneur’s Wingman Laun...
Grand Rapids, Michigan based Skunk Tank has announced the release and immediate availability of Pitch Clock – The Entrepreneur’s Wingman 1.1, the company’s new business app available exclusively on... Read more
13-inch 2.9GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for...
B&H Photo has the 13″ 2.9GHz Retina MacBook Pro (model #MF841LL/A) on sale for $1599 including free shipping plus NY tax only. Their price is $200 off MSRP. Amazon also has the 13″ 3.9GHz Retina... Read more
Apple price trackers, updated continuously
Scan our Apple Price Trackers for the latest information on sales, bundles, and availability on systems from Apple’s authorized internet/catalog resellers. We update the trackers continuously: - 15″... Read more
Clearance 12-inch Retina MacBooks available s...
B&H Photo has dropped prices on leftover 2015 12″ Retina MacBooks with models now available starting at $999. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY tax only: - 12″ 1.1GHz Gray Retina MacBook... Read more
Check Apple prices on any device with the iTr...
MacPrices is proud to offer readers a free iOS app (iPhones, iPads, & iPod touch) and Android app (Google Play and Amazon App Store) called iTracx, which allows you to glance at today’s lowest... Read more
New 2016 13-inch 256GB MacBook Air on sale fo...
B&H Photo has the new 13″ 1.6GHz/256GB MacBook Air (model MMGG2LL/A) on sale for $1149 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $50 off MSRP. Amazon has the 13″ 1.6GHz/256GB... Read more
Apple refurbished iPad Air 2s available start...
Apple has Certified Refurbished iPad Air 2 available starting at $339. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free: - 128GB Wi-Fi iPad Air 2: $499 - 64GB Wi-Fi iPad... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Nissan Service Technicians - Apple A...
Apple Automotive is one of the fastest growing dealer...and it shows. Consider making the switch to the Apple Automotive Group today! At Apple Automotive , Read more
ISCS *Apple* ID Site Support Engineer - APP...
…position, we are looking for an individual who has experience supporting customers with Apple ID issues and enjoys this area of support. This person should be Read more
Automotive Sales Consultant - Apple Ford Linc...
…you. The best candidates are smart, technologically savvy and are customer focused. Apple Ford Lincoln Apple Valley is different, because: $30,000 annual salary Read more
*Apple* Support Technician II - Worldventure...
…global, fast growing member based travel company, is currently sourcing for an Apple Support Technician II to be based in our Plano headquarters. WorldVentures is Read more
Restaurant Manager (Neighborhood Captain) - A...
…in every aspect of daily operation. WHY YOU'LL LIKE IT: You'll be the Big Apple . You'll solve problems. You'll get to show your ability to handle the stress and Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.