TweetFollow Us on Twitter

CompileIt! 2.0
Volume Number:7
Issue Number:9
Column Tag:Tools of the Trade

CompileIt! 2.0!

By Dave Kelly, MacTutor Editorial Board

Most of you have seen Heizer Software’s CompileIt! 2.0 advertised. Let’s take a look at CompileIt! and what it can do for you. HyperCard is an easy going environment to work with. Because of that, HyperTalk has not been a favored language of developers. As you’ll see here, CompileIt! 2.0 overcomes nearly all of the objections to using HyperTalk as a serious development environment.

Objection #1: HyperTalk is too slow. You pay a price for convenience and ease of use. HyperTalk 1.2.x is an interpreted language. When messages are caught by a handler, the words in the handler script are turned into tokens that are interpreted by HyperCard. In HyperTalk 2.0, the handler scripts are turned into tokens and then compiled into machine language. Thus HyperCard 2.0 is faster once the handler scripts are compiled (memory permitting though since compiled handlers are purged to make room for new ones). Still, most of us don’t think that this is enough. With CompileIt! 2.0 you can boost the speed of most if not all of your handlers.

Objection #2: You can’t create a stand-alone application with HyperCard. CompileIt! doesn’t provide a solution for this problem, but there are other products appearing in the market that claim they can do this such as SuperCard which can save projects as stand-alone applications. Unless you are really short on disk space, you shouldn’t care about this that much anyway since nearly everyone has HyperCard.

Objection #3: HyperTalk doesn’t have complete access to the Macintosh ROMs. XCMDs and XFCNs provide support for virtually any ROM routine. This excuse is usually used by people that can’t or won’t program in C or Pascal. Creating externals with CompileIt! from your scripts is as easy as writing them in HyperTalk. Extensions added by CompileIt! make toolbox support much easier.

Objection #4: Protection of sensitive program code is difficult in HyperCard. Even though you can protect a stack, there are ways to break that protection. Compiled code doesn’t allow users to readily view the source code. With CompileIt! you can protect your valuable work by compiling sensitive code.

CompileIt! was designed to:

° Speed up HyperCard scripts

° translate HyperTalk scripts into 68000 machine language resulting in XCMDs and XFCNs that can be used by any HyperCard script.

° provide extensions to HyperTalk

USING CompileIt!

Although using CompileIt! comes fairly easy, it is highly recommended that you are experienced with HyperTalk scripts. You should be familiar with handlers, messages, and properties before using CompileIt!.

It’s very tempting to just paste in a script and begin compiling. The CompileIt! 2.0 program consists of a HyperCard stack that allows you to paste your script from the clipboard and then compile. It’s very interesting to note that CompileIt! 2.0 is much faster than earlier versions of CompileIt! That’s because CompileIt! 2.0 has been compiled with CompileIt! The compiling engine consists entirely of resources and only a single line of code that ties the HyperCard interface to the engine. This means that CompileIt! 2.0 can be totally customized to fit the developers needs - even going as far as creating a stand-alone application to hold it or moving it into other environments like Microphone II v3. All that is required to use the engine is a subset of the HyperCard 1.x XCMD interface.

Before using CompileIt! there are a few things that should be understood about the way CompileIt! works. The first part of CompileIt!’s 200 page manual helps you get started with a sample script. Experienced HyperTalk scripters will be able to get started quickly by going through about 7-10 pages of CompileIt! basics. Not every script can be made to run faster by compiling. Scripts that deal with HyperCard structures (that is menus, buttons, fields, cards, etc.) will not go much faster. They must still pass messages to HyperCard routines that still run the same speed. Get, Put, all forms of Repeat, Next (repeat), all forms of If-Then-Else, Abs, Add, Atan, Average, CharToNum, Cos, Delete, Divide, Exit, Exp, Exp1, Global, Length, Ln, Ln1, Log2, Min, Max, Multiply, Number(chunks), NumToChar, Offset, Param, Params, ParamCount, Pass, Random, Result, Return, Round, Sin, Sqrt, Subtract, Tan, Trunc, HyperTalk operators: Div, Mod, +, -, *, &, &&, , ¾, =, , <, >, And, Or, Not, Is Not, Is, /, ^, Constants, Ordinals, and Toolbox calls will all run faster after compiled with CompileIt!

You may need to optimize existing scripts to be sure that they don’t use too many callbacks to HyperCard. For example, the statement put x into y in the script below will make the routine run faster than if x was used throughout the script instead of y. Otherwise, the compiler would have to generate code to convert the string variable x each time it is used. Instead, the conversion from string x to local variable y is done only once. It is helpful to keep in mind that HyperTalk does a lot of conversion for you. By minimizing the amount of conversion that has to be done, the routine can run faster. Unlike HyperCard, where all variables are strings, variables can be declared at the start of a compiled handler. CompileIt! allows many more data types to be declared than are available in HyperCard. Short integers, long integers, Pointers, Handles, P-Strings (including short P-Strings), 0-terminated strings (call these HyperCard strings), OSTypes, Boolean, Character, Floating point (12-byte SANE values), and Records (default is 32 bytes but user can specify any size).

--1

-- calculate ( y)
-- by subtracting odd numbers
function squarroot x
 put x into y
 put 0 into ans
 put 1 into oddint
 repeat while y 0
 subtract oddint from y
 add 1 to ans
 add 2 to oddint
 end repeat
 return ans-1
end squarroot

Normally, Apple’s SANE routines will be used to perform all of CompileIt!’s calculations, although SANE can be turned off to force some variables to integer type. Several techniques can be used to tell CompileIt! that a particular value is floating point - putting 0.0 into a variable to initialize it, adding ^1 after the variable, or declaring it as floating point using shared variables. The manual discusses the pros and cons of using SANE vs. integer math.

Except for the routines specifically marked as “NOT IN ROM” in Inside Macintosh, all procedures and functions are included from Inside Macintosh vol. I-V. Also, selected “NOT IN ROM” routines are included such as the High-Level file manager and Print Manager (NOT IN ROM routines are included based on user demand). Many of the record structures and low-memory globals are also included. Many (but not all) of the Inside Mac VI routines and record structures are also included. CompileIt!’s Custom Symbol Edit card allows users to add additional record structures, low-memory globals, user defined constants, direct calls to other external commands (avoids a slow text callback), and other symbols on their own. Using these calls requires you to convert Inside Macintosh Pascal notation to HyperTalk/CompileIt notation. For example, a common procedure from Inside Macintosh would be: Procedure DrawString (S: Str255); the HyperTalk/CompileIt! equivalent would be: DrawString anystring. You’ll also have to setup record structures to match those in Inside Macintosh. Fortunately, CompileIt! supplies the property names for many of the common types used in Inside Macintosh. If you are not an experienced programmer, it will take some study of the CompileIt! manual sections on programming with the toolbox. Experienced programmers won’t have any trouble with it.

The process of compiling a script begins by copying your script into the clipboard. Open CompileIt! and click on the Enter New Script button. Select the destination stack where CompileIt! will put the external code. CompileIt! will use the name of the handler of the script. That is, if the script started with on mouseup then the name of the external would be mouseup and it would respond to a mouseup message. When you click on the CompileIt! button, the compile begins. It is highly recommended that users not use system messages as XCMD or XFCN names since they tend to get executed when users least expect them too. Better to use On Foo or some such. Also, the word ‘On’ results in an XCMD while the word Function results in an XFCN.

An equally great part of the CompileIt! XCMD Development System is the DebugIt! source level debugger. When you compile a script with DebugIt! turned on, debugging code is added to your external function. When you execute your compiled external, the DebugIt! window will open and execution will halt before the first line is executed. Now you can set breakpoints, view variables, and single step through the external. This gives you as much flexibility in debugging your external as you could ask for. You may find it interesting that DebugIt! is not tied to HyperCard. Externals with DebugIt! attached can be run in just about any environment that supports even a limited subset of the HyperCard 1.x XCMD interface (FoxBase, Microphone II v3, XLINK, and SuperCard are all good examples).

CompileIt! can be used to create xWindoids (external windows) for HyperCard 2.0. CompileIt! simplifies the code you need to write to support an xWindoid by treating events like system messages. HyperCard automatically tells xWindoids about various system events that apply to them such as mouseDowns, updates, menubar clicks, etc. xWindoids are a new feature of HyperCard 2.0.

CompileIt! also works with SuperCard 1.5. Since CompileIt! is shipped as HyperCard 1.2 format, SuperCard users will need to convert to SuperCard format. An appendix in the CompileIt! manual spells out what to do and what to be aware of when using SuperCard and CompileIt!

There are several reasons to go with CompileIt! The price is right at $99, and there are no fees for distribution of your compiled externals. The compile process is a snap, but you should have a good knowledge of HyperTalk. CompileIt! is a great way to speed up and protect sensitive scripts.

CompileIt! 2.0 is distributed exclusively by:

Heizer Software

P. O. Box 232019

Pleasant Hill, CA. 94523

Phone: 800--888-7667 or 415-943-7667

FAX 415-943-6882

Price: $99 (working model: $10.00 compiles scripts up to 10 lines long. The Working Model includes a $10 rebate towards the purchase of CompileIt! 2.0).

Requires: Any Macintosh that can run HyperCard. Supports all versions of HyperCard, including 2.0, and SuperCard 1.5. A moderate level of programming ability is required.

Not copy protected and no runtime fees or licenses are required to distribute externals created with CompileIt!

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Kodi 17.1. - Powerful media center tool...
Kodi (was XBMC) is an award-winning free and open-source (GPL) software media player and entertainment hub that can be installed on Linux, OS X, Windows, iOS, and Android, featuring a 10-foot user... Read more
Kodi 17.1. - Powerful media center tool...
Kodi (was XBMC) is an award-winning free and open-source (GPL) software media player and entertainment hub that can be installed on Linux, OS X, Windows, iOS, and Android, featuring a 10-foot user... Read more
Bookends 12.8 - Reference management and...
Bookends is a full-featured bibliography/reference and information-management system for students and professionals. Bookends uses the cloud to sync reference libraries on all the Macs you use.... Read more
Apple iTunes 12.6 - Play Apple Music and...
Apple iTunes lets you organize and stream Apple Music, download and watch video and listen to Podcasts. It can automatically download new music, app, and book purchases across all your devices and... Read more
Default Folder X 5.1.4 - Enhances Open a...
Default Folder X attaches a toolbar to the right side of the Open and Save dialogs in any OS X-native application. The toolbar gives you fast access to various folders and commands. You just click on... Read more
Amazon Chime 4.1.5587 - Amazon-based com...
Amazon Chime is a communications service that transforms online meetings with a secure, easy-to-use application that you can trust. Amazon Chime works seamlessly across your devices so that you can... Read more
CrossOver 16.2 - Run Windows apps on you...
CrossOver can get your Windows productivity applications and PC games up and running on your Mac quickly and easily. CrossOver runs the Windows software that you need on Mac at home, in the office,... Read more
Adobe Creative Cloud 4.0.0.185 - Access...
Adobe Creative Cloud costs $19.99/month for a single app, or $49.99/month for the entire suite. Introducing Adobe Creative Cloud desktop applications, including Adobe Photoshop CC and Illustrator CC... Read more
MegaSeg 6.0.2 - Professional DJ and radi...
MegaSeg is a complete solution for pro audio/video DJ mixing, radio automation, and music scheduling with rock-solid performance and an easy-to-use design. Mix with visual waveforms and Magic... Read more
Bookends 12.8 - Reference management and...
Bookends is a full-featured bibliography/reference and information-management system for students and professionals. Bookends uses the cloud to sync reference libraries on all the Macs you use.... Read more

The best deals on the App Store this wee...
Deals, deals, deals. We're all about a good bargain here on 148Apps, and luckily this was another fine week in App Store discounts. There's a big board game sale happening right now, and a few fine indies are still discounted through the weekend.... | Read more »
The best new games we played this week
It's been quite the week, but now that all of that business is out of the way, it's time to hunker down with some of the excellent games that were released over the past few days. There's a fair few to help you relax in your down time or if you're... | Read more »
Orphan Black: The Game (Games)
Orphan Black: The Game 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Dive into a dark and twisted puzzle-adventure that retells the pivotal events of Orphan Black. | Read more »
The Elder Scrolls: Legends is now availa...
| Read more »
Ticket to Earth beginner's guide: H...
Robot Circus launched Ticket to Earth as part of the App Store's indie games event last week. If you're not quite digging the space operatics Mass Effect: Andromeda is serving up, you'll be pleased to know that there's a surprising alternative on... | Read more »
Leap to victory in Nexx Studios new plat...
You’re always a hop, skip, and a jump away from a fiery death in Temple Jump, a new platformer-cum-endless runner from Nexx Studio. It’s out now on both iOS and Android if you’re an adventurer seeking treasure in a crumbling, pixel-laden temple. | Read more »
Failbetter Games details changes coming...
Sunless Sea, Failbetter Games' dark and gloomy sea explorer, sets sail for the iPad tomorrow. Ahead of the game's launch, Failbetter took to Twitter to discuss what will be different in the mobile version of the game. Many of the changes make... | Read more »
Splish, splash! The Pokémon GO Water Fes...
Niantic is back with a new festival for dedicated Pokémon GO collectors. The Water Festival officially kicks off today at 1 P.M. PDT and runs through March 29. Magikarp, Squirtle, Totodile, and their assorted evolved forms will be appearing at... | Read more »
Death Road to Canada (Games)
Death Road to Canada 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $7.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Get it now at the low launch price! Price will go up a dollar every major update. Update news at the bottom of this... | Read more »
Bean's Quest Beginner's Guide:...
Bean's Quest is a new take on both the classic platformer and the endless runner, and it's free on the App Store for the time being. Instead of running constantly, you can't stop jumping. That adds a surprising new level of challenge to the game... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Updated iPad Price Trackers
Scan our Apple iPad (and iPod touch) Price Trackers for the latest information on sales, bundles, and availability on systems from Apple’s authorized internet/catalog resellers. We update the... Read more
12-inch 32GB Space Gray iPad Pro on sale for...
B&H Photo has 12″ Space Gray 32GB WiFi Apple iPad Pros on sale for $50 off MSRP including free shipping. B&H charges sales tax in NY only: - 12″ Space Gray 32GB WiFi iPad Pro: $749 $50 off... Read more
2.6GHz Mac mini on sale for $559, $140 off MS...
Guitar Center has the 2.6GHz Mac mini (MGEN2LL/A) on sale for $559 including free shipping. Their price is $140 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this model. Read more
SSD Speeder RAM Disk SSD Life Extender App Fo...
Fehraltorf, Switzerland based B-Eng has announced they are making their SSD Speeder app for macOS publicly available for purchase on their website. SSD Speeder is a RAM disk utility that prevents... Read more
iPhone Scores Highest Overall in Smartphone D...
Customer satisfaction is much higher among smartphone owners who use their device to operate other connected home services such as smart thermostats and smart appliances, according to the J.D. Power... Read more
Swipe CRM Free Photo-Centric CRM Sales DEal C...
Swipe CRM LLC has introduced Swipe CRM: Visual Sales 1.0 for iPad, an app for creating, managing, and sharing visually stunning sales deals. Swipe CRM is targeted to small-and-medium creative... Read more
13-inch 2.0GHz Apple MacBook Pros on sale for...
B&H has the non-Touch Bar 13″ 2.0GHz MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 2.0GHz MacBook Pro Space Gray (... Read more
15-inch Touch Bar MacBook Pros on sale for up...
B&H Photo has the new 2016 15″ Apple Touch Bar MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.7GHz Touch Bar... Read more
Apple’s iPhone 6s Tops Best-Selling Smartphon...
In terms of shipments, the iPhone 6s from Apple bested all competitors for sales in 2016, according to new analysis from IHS Markit, a world leader in critical information, analytics and solutions.... Read more
Logitech Rugged Combo Protective iPad Case an...
Logitech has announced its Logitech Rugged Combo, Logitech Rugged Case, and Logitech Add-on Keyboard for Rugged Case for Apple’s new, more affordable $329 9.7-inch iPad, a complete solution designed... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Mobile Master - Best Buy (United Sta...
**492472BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobile Master **Location Number:** 000470-Seattle-Store **Job Description:** **What does a Best Buy Apple Mobile Master do?** Read more
*Apple* Mobile Master - Best Buy (United Sta...
**492562BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobile Master **Location Number:** 000853-Jackson-Store **Job Description:** **What does a Best Buy Apple Mobile Master do?** Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Fulltime aan de slag als shopmanager in een h...
Ben jij helemaal gek van Apple -producten en vind je het helemaal super om fulltime shopmanager te zijn in een jonge en hippe elektronicazaak? Wil jij werken in Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.