TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Menus in TML
Volume Number:4
Issue Number:6
Column Tag:Advanced Mac'ing

Menus as Objects in TML Pascal

By David B. Curtis, Wyoming, MN

[One of the limitations of LightSpeed Pascal and Turbo Pascal, despite their popularity, is that they don’t support objects. TML Pascal does support the object type, which is similar to a procedure. In this article, David Curtis shows us how to use the TML Pascal Object type on menus to create an elegant way to manage menus, especially a custom menu definition like an icon menu, shown in figure 1. Unfortunately, Tom Leonard of TML has not bothered to keep MacTutor supplied with updates to TML Pascal in over a year, so I have been unable to check the compilation and linking of this article. However, the code looks clean and should not have any problems. It is our hope that TML will keep MacTutor and the rest of the development community better informed and supplied with timely updates to their Pascal. -Ed]

In some applications, a graphic menu provides a friendlier user interface than the standard text list. MacDraw’s “Fill”, “Lines”, and “Pen” menus are good examples. They show you the patterns you can choose from, rather than describe them in words. Can you imagine trying to describe the SysPat list verbally? Pictures are much more friendly. I have a similar problem in an application I am working on. It is a simple circuit analysis program, and I wish to have a menu of circuit models for the user to choose from. A circuit element is much more easily drawn than described. The brute force approach to this problem is to make a procedure that draws each circuit model in the menu area. That works, but I dislike it. First of all, it is hard to maintain. Second, it is just plain hard work to build the first time. Finally, it is code that has little hope of ever being useful in another program.

Fig. 1 Icon Menus as Objects in Object Pascal

In case you didn’t notice, my objections to the brute force approach are motivated largely by sloth. How could I avoid excess work, both now and in the future? I went out in search of the lazy man’s way to a widely applicable, easily maintainable graphic menu, and came up with the icon menu. The icon menu procedure uses icons from a resource file to present a palette of selections. The code is generic across any application, and the icons can be maintained easily with ResEdit. Icons turn out to be a very nice size for my circuit model pictures. I suspect that icons would be good for a lot of graphic menu applications. (How about an icon based Transfer menu?) Figure 1 shows a prototype circuit model menu, implemented as an Icon menu.

Implementation Overview

I implemented the icon menu as a TML Pascal UNIT. (Any code that might get used in another program in the future I automatically put into a UNIT.) The OBJECT feature of Pascal is another powerful feature for reducing redundant work. I have used both features to create my icon menu, and usages of both are several layers deep. Each layer is quite simple, but some sort of road map to the structure is in order.

The lowest level unit is the trivial StdPoll (“standard poll”) unit. I mention it only so that you don’t wonder why I didn’t. Eventually, I plan to put generic polling loop code in here, but in its present form, StdPoll’s main purpose is to provide the global variable “Done”, which gets set in response to a “Quit” menu choice. Now on to the interesting stuff.

StdMenu (“standard menu”) is the key unit that everything is built upon. It defines a low level object called MenuHdlr (“menu handler”). A MenuHdlr object collects menu code into one place and “handles” all the associated behaviors. The two methods that a generic MenuHdlr has are Create, which should do whatever it takes to make a menu and insert it at the end of the menu bar; and Choose, which will be called to handle a menu choice. In the default case, Create just slurps up a normal menu resource from the resource fork. Choose, on the other hand, does nothing; it should be overridden in the application with appropriate code to handle the menu choices.

The StdMenu unit also provides pre-defined descendant objects of MenuHdlr, called AppleMenuHdlr, StdFileMenuHdlr, and StdEditMenuHdlr. These menu handlers provide minimal functionality for the Apple, File and Edit menus, respectively. The AppleMenuHdlr should be all most applications need to support a standard Apple menu. The Create method is overidden with code that pulls in desk accessory names, and the Choose method is overidden with code that displays an “About ” alert, or opens a desk accessory.

Notice that the AppleMenuHdlr has an additional method called “Setup”, which does the additional pre-Create work of setting up an alert id for the About selection. I have chosen the convention of putting additional pre-create initialization for MenuHdlrs (if needed) in a Setup method, but Setup is not a method in the generic MenuHdlr. Why? Because every descendant object that overrides a method must have the same parameter list, and that is exactly what we don’t want for a Setup method; we want the Setup method to be specific to the needs of a sub-species of MenuHdlr.

StdFileMenuHdlr and StdEditMenuHdlr exist in StdMenu only to provide bare minimum “Choose” functionallity. Most applications will want to override this code, but the minimal version is handy while prototyping other chunks of the application.

The program TestMenus uses AppleMenuHdlr, StdEditMenuHdlr and StdFileMenuHdlr. Look at the menu objects declared in the “var” section, and then look at the the procedures “InitApplication” and “MenuChoice” to see how the StdMenu unit is used. Notice how clean MenuChoice is because of the overridden Choose methods.

The IconMenu Unit

The meaty unit, as far as we are concerned, is IconMenu. This unit provides icon menu functionallity as a natural extension of the StdMenu facilities. The object type IconMenuHdlr, a descendant of MenuHdlr, adds a Setup method which is used to define the parameters of the icon menu. That includes what the first icon’s resource id is (the rest must follow in sequence), how many icons you have to display, how many icons wide you want the menu, how many extra pixels of blank space you want around each icon, and what the name of the menu is. Setup calculates how many icons tall the menu needs to be. These parameters are then stored in the IconMenuHdlr data record.

The Create method is in charge of a couple of tricks. Since the IconMenu is a non-standard menu, we have to set up our own menu definition procedure. My Icon menu definition procedure is IconMenuDef, a global procedure in the implementation part of the unit. IconMenuDef is installed as the menu’s definition procedure by the Create method. When the Create method first calls NewMenu, it gets a standard MenuInfo record. Since we want to store the larger IconMenuInfo record, Create calls SetHandleSize to “stretch” the storage block to the required size. The call to NewMenu also fills in the menuProc field with a handle to the standard menu definition procedure; we want to write over that with a handle to our own menu definition procedure. Be careful! The default menuProc handle that you get points to the one and only master pointer to the standard menu definition procedure. Assign a new handle to menuProc (which gets a new master pointer) before going through menuProc to set up a new menu definition. If you don’t, you clobber all menus. I am embarrassed to say I learned that the hard way, although it is obvious when you stop and think about it.

The Create method also sets up a reference in the menu record to the IconMenuHdlr object. That way IconMenuDef can find its way back to the data telling it what icons to draw where. (In a normal menu, the item information itself is stored following the MenuInfo record.) To set up the object reference, the menuHandle is type converted to an IconMenuHandle, and SELF is tucked away in the IconMenuInfo record. SELF is a reference to the object calling the method. Each instance of an IconMenuHdlr must call Create, and thus each icon menu gets its own list of icons and its own height and width. The IconMenuInfo record defined in the unit interface provides the necessary type information for the Create method to place the object reference in the menu data.

The MDEF Procedure

MDEF procedures have been described before in MacTutor, also reprinted in The Complete MacTutor, Vol. 2, p. 248, 251); I will just touch on the basics here. If you need more information, dig out those back issues, or see IM Vol. I, p. 362.

A menu definition procedure must respond to three kinds of “messages”, called mSizeMsg, mDrawMsg, and mChooseMsg. When the menu manager sends you the mSizeMsg, he wants to know how much space your menu takes on the screen. The menu manager sends you the mDrawMsg when he wants you to draw your menu on the screen; he has already saved the stuff underneath and given you a nice, white drawing space. When you get the mChoseMsg you should check the mouse location that you are given and do any hiliting and unhiliting necessary to behave like a menu. In a nutshell, that’s all there is to it; but I will admit it took me a while to get all that to work.

My menu definition procedure has four local procedures. One for each menu manager message type, and one that returns a rectangle in global coordinates when given the number of a menu selection. This structure is borrowed straight from Daryl Lovato’s MDEF example in the TML Source Code Library. (If I can make a small digression at this point, I would like to recommend the Source Code Library as a wonderful learning tool. Reading and modifying Source Code Library programs has taught me a lot about the Mac and its mysteries.)

DoSizeMsg and DoChoseMsg are both quite simple. All DoSizeMsg has to do is allow room for the necessary number of icons, plus the extra blank space in between. DoChoseMsg just searches for the icon that the cursor is over, and updates hiliting as necessary.

DoDrawMsg is a little more interesting, but still quite simple because we can make use of the icon support routines in the toolbox. This is where laziness really pays off; drawing all my circuit models through brute force code would have made this routine a nightmare. I suppose it would be good form to pre-load the icon resources for the menu, since a user could potentially end up in swap-a-floppy-land the way DoDrawMsg is now implemented. The Create method could easily preload icon resources, or the preload bit could be set with ResEdit.

Conclusion

The fanatical user might make some performance improvements to the IconMenuDef procedure. The item rectangles are calculated now, that could be sped up with look-up techniques. The item search itself could be sped up by doing something more elegant than a linear search. The icon menu seems quite fast to me as it is, however, so I don’t plan to fiddle with it. We non-fanatics need only zap up a few icons with ResEdit to have graphic menus.

{$L TestMenus/Rsrc }

program TestMenus;

uses
    Macintf, StdPoll, StdMenu, IconMenu;
    
const
 { Menu IDs }
 AppleMenuID = 256;
 AboutAlertID = 1000;
 FileMenuID = 257;
 EditMenuID = 258;
 CktMenuID = 259; { not a resource id }
 FirstCktIcon = 500;
 NumCktIcons = 7;
 IconsWide = 3;
 BfSpace = 3;
 
var
 { Instances of Menu Handlers }
 AppleMenu : AppleMenuHdlr;
 FileMenu : StdFileMenuHdlr;
 EditMenu : StdEditMenuHdlr;
 CktMenu : IconMenuHdlr;

 { Event polling variables }
 TheEvent : EventRecord;
 EventIsForMe : Boolean;  

{
|DoMenuChoice - do a menu selection
}
procedure DoMenuChoice (MenuCode : LongInt);
begin 
 case HiWord(MenuCode) of
 AppleMenuID: AppleMenu.Choose (LoWord(MenuCode));
 FileMenuID : FileMenu.Choose (LoWord(MenuCode));
 EditMenuID : EditMenu.Choose (LoWord(MenuCode));
 CktMenuID: CktMenu.Choose (LoWord(MenuCode)) end;
 HiliteMenu (0) end;

{
|PollEvent - check event queue and dispatch event, if any
}
procedure PollEvent;
var
 TempWindow : WindowPtr;
begin 
 EventIsForMe := GetNextEvent(everyEvent,TheEvent);
 if EventIsForMe 
 then case TheEvent.what of 
 mouseDown : case FindWindow(TheEvent.where,TempWindow) of
 inMenuBar: DoMenuChoice(MenuSelect(TheEvent.where));
 inSysWindow : SystemClick (TheEvent, TempWindow);
 otherwise { ignore } end;
 keyDown : if BitAnd(TheEvent.modifiers,CmdKey) <> 0
 then DoMenuChoice(MenuKey(CHR(BitAnd( TheEvent.message,CharCodeMask))));
 otherwise { ignore } end end;

{
|InitApplication
}
procedure InitApplication;
begin
 Done := False;

 { Create the menus }
 New (AppleMenu); 
 AppleMenu.Setup (AboutAlertID);
 AppleMenu.Create (AppleMenuID);
 
 New (FileMenu);
 FileMenu.Create (FileMenuID);
 
 New (EditMenu);
 EditMenu.Create (EditMenuID);
 
 New (CktMenu);
 CktMenu.Setup (FirstCktIcon, NumCktIcons, IconsWide, 
 BfSpace, ‘Model’);
 CktMenu.Create (CktMenuID);
 
 DrawMenuBar;

 InitCursor end;
 
{
|Main
}
begin
  InitTheMac;
  InitApplication;
  repeat
   SystemTask;
 PollEvent;
   until done end.


{$A+} { Interlinear source on compile to .asm }
{$R+} { Range checking }

unit StdPoll;

INTERFACE

uses 
 MacIntf;

var
 Done : Boolean; { program is all done }
 
procedure InitTheMac;

IMPLEMENTATION 

procedure InitTheMac;
begin 
 InitGraf (@ThePort);
 InitFonts;
 InitWindows;
 InitMenus;
 TEInit;
 InitDialogs (NIL) end;
end.

{
|StdMenu provides standard menu objects.
}
unit StdMenu;

interface

uses MacIntf, StdPoll;

const
 { Standard File menu item numbers }
 NewItem = 1;
 OpenItem = 2;
 CloseItem = 3;
 { ------ }
 SaveItem = 5;
 SaveAsItem = 6;
 RevertItem = 7;
 { ------ }
 PageSetupItem = 9;
 PrintItem = 10;
 { ------ }
 QuitItem = 12;

type  
 { 
 | MenuHdlr is the base object for all menus.
 | The Create method installs the menu at the end of
 | the menu bar.  The Choose method should be overridden
 | with code to perform a menu choice.
 }
 MenuHdlr = object
 TheMenu : MenuHandle;
 procedure Create (RsrcID : Integer);
 procedure Choose (Choice : Integer);
 end;
 
 {
 | AppleMenuHdlr provides all the functionallity of
 | a standard Apple menu.  It must be Setup with an 
 | alert id for the About  message before Create is
 | called.
 }
 AppleMenuHdlr = object (MenuHdlr)
 AboutID : Integer;
 procedure Create (RsrcID : Integer); override;
 procedure Choose (Choice : Integer); override;
 procedure Setup (AlertID : Integer);
 end;

 {
 | StdFileMenuHdlr is a minimal File menu.  The Choose
 | method can Close DA’s and Quit.
 }
 StdFileMenuHdlr = object (MenuHdlr)
 procedure Choose (Choice : Integer); override;
 end;
 
 {
 | StdEditMenuHdlr is a minimal Edit menu.  The Choose
 | method supports DA editing.
 }
 StdEditMenuHdlr = object (MenuHdlr)
 procedure Choose (Choice : Integer); override;
 end;
 
implementation 

{
|Generic Menu Handler
}
procedure MenuHdlr.Create (RsrcID : Integer);
begin
 { Read in a standard menu resource.
 | Remember: Object variables are Handles! 
 |’Self’ is set only
 | as you enter the method, so HLock it if you call any
 | potential heap-scramblers! }
 HLock(Handle(Self));
 TheMenu := GetMenu (RsrcID);
 InsertMenu (TheMenu, 0);
 HUnlock(Handle(Self)) end;

procedure MenuHdlr.Choose (Choice : Integer);
begin end;

{
|Apple Menu Handler
}
procedure AppleMenuHdlr.Create (RsrcID : Integer);
begin
 { Read in the Apple menu stub, and add DA’s }
 HLock(Handle(Self));
 TheMenu := GetMenu (RsrcID);
 AddResMenu (TheMenu, ‘DRVR’);
 InsertMenu (TheMenu, 0);
 HUnlock(Handle(Self)) end;
 
procedure AppleMenuHdlr.Choose (Choice : Integer);
var
 AccName : Str255;
 AccNumber : integer;
begin
 { Post alert or open DA }
 if Choice = 1
 then AccNumber := Alert (AboutID, NIL)
 else begin
 GetItem (TheMenu, Choice, AccName);
 AccNumber := OpenDeskAcc (AccName) end end;
 
procedure AppleMenuHdlr.Setup (AlertID : Integer);
begin
 AboutID := AlertID end;

{
|Standard File Menu
}
procedure StdFileMenuHdlr.Choose (Choice : Integer);
var
 FrontWP : windowPeek;
begin
 case Choice of
 NewItem : ;
 OpenItem : ;
 CloseItem : begin { If frontmost window DA, close it. }
 FrontWP := windowPeek(frontWindow);
 if FrontWP^.windowKind < 0
 then CloseDeskAcc(FrontWP^.windowKind) end;
 SaveItem : ;
 SaveAsItem : ;
 RevertItem : ;
 PageSetupItem : ;
 PrintItem : ;
 QuitItem : Done := true;
 otherwise  { nothing } end end;

{
|Standard Edit menu
}
procedure StdEditMenuHdlr.Choose (Choice : Integer);
var
 Trash : Boolean;
begin
 Trash := SystemEdit (Choice-1) end;

end. { of StdMenu unit }

{
|Icon menu MDEF unit
|
|Creates and manages a menu of Icons. 
}
unit IconMenu;

interface

uses
 Macintf, StdPoll, StdMenu;
 
type
 IconMenuHdlr = object (MenuHdlr)
 StartIcon, { The resource ID of first icon }
 NumIcons,{ How many icons to use (ID’s in 
 sequence) }
 IconsWide, { Menu shape... }
 IconsTall, { More menu shape. }
 BufferSpace{ Extra white pixels around each icon }
 : Integer;
 Title  { The name of the menu }
 : Str255;
 
 procedure Create (RsrcID : Integer); override;
 procedure Setup (
 StartIconReq, 
 NumIconsReq,
 IconsWideReq,
 BufferSpaceReq 
 : Integer;
 TitleReq
 : Str255);  end;
 
 IconMenuPtr = ^IconMenuInfo;
 IconMenuHandle = ^ IconMenuPtr;
 
 IconMenuInfo = record
 StdStuff : MenuInfo; { The default MenuInfo record }
 Handler : IconMenuHdlr { Reference to the above 
 handler object }
 end; 

implementation

const
   IconSize = 32;{ How big is an icon }

{
|IconMenuDef is installed as the MDEF procedure. 
|See IM Vol. I, p. 362
}
procedure IconMenuDef (
 Message : Integer;
 SelectedMenu : IconMenuHandle;
 var MenuRect : Rect;
 HitPt : Point;
 var WhichItem : Integer);

 {
 | ItemRect - function to find the rectangle ( in global 
 | coordinates) of a given item number.
 }
 function ItemRect (
 ItemNum : Integer;
 MenuRect : Rect; 
   SelectedMenu : IconMenuHandle) : Rect;
   
 var
 TempRect 
 : Rect;
 ItemLess1,
 ItemSize 
 : Integer;
   
 begin
   { If ItemNum is a real item, then return the }
 { global coordinates of the item’s rectangle; }
 { otherwise return empty rect. }
 if (ItemNum >= 1) 
 and (ItemNum <= SelectedMenu^^.Handler.NumIcons)
 then with SelectedMenu^^.Handler do begin 
 ItemLess1 := ItemNum - 1;
 ItemSize := IconSize + 2 * BufferSpace;
 TempRect.top := (ItemLess1 div IconsWide) 
 * ItemSize + MenuRect.top;
 TempRect.left := (ItemLess1 mod IconsWide) 
 * ItemSize + MenuRect.left;
 TempRect.bottom := TempRect.top + ItemSize;
 TempRect.right := TempRect.left + ItemSize end
 else begin
   TempRect.top := 0;
   TempRect.left := 0;
   TempRect.bottom := 0;
   TempRect.right := 0 end;
   ItemRect := TempRect end; 
 
 {
 | DoDrawMessage - handle the menu manager Draw command
 }
 procedure DoDrawMessage (
 SelectedMenu : IconMenuHandle;
   MenuRect : Rect);
   
 var
        Selection : Integer; { Current selection }
        SelRect : Rect; { Current selection’s Rect }
        TheIcon : Handle; { Handle to selection’s Icon }
      
 begin
 { Get every icon in the menu and plot it. }
 Hlock(Handle(SelectedMenu));
 with SelectedMenu^^.Handler do begin
        for Selection := 1 to NumIcons do begin
   SelRect := ItemRect(Selection, MenuRect, SelectedMenu);
   InsetRect(SelRect,BufferSpace,BufferSpace);
   TheIcon := GetIcon (StartIcon + Selection - 1);
   PlotIcon (SelRect, TheIcon) end end;
 HUnlock(Handle(SelectedMenu)) end; 
 
 {
 | DoChooseMessage - handle menu manager Choose command
 }
 function DoChooseMessage (
 SelectedMenu : IconMenuHandle;
   MenuRect : Rect;
 HitPoint : Point;
 OldSelection : Integer) : Integer;
      var
        SelRect : Rect;
        Found : boolean;
        Selection : Integer;
        OldSelRect : Rect;
      begin
 Selection := 1;
 Found:= false;
 { Find out which item mouse is over, if any. }
      repeat
        SelRect := ItemRect (Selection, MenuRect, SelectedMenu);
 Found := PtInRect (HitPoint,SelRect); 
 if not Found then Selection := Selection + 1;
      until ((Selection > (SelectedMenu^^.Handler.NumIcons))
 or (Found));
        { Update hiliting as necessary }
 if Found 
 then begin { in an item }
   if (Selection <> OldSelection) 
 then begin { in a different item, change hiliting }
        OldSelRect := ItemRect(OldSelection, 
 MenuRect, SelectedMenu);
        InvertRect(OldSelRect);
        InvertRect(SelRect) end;
   DoChooseMessage := Selection end
        else begin { not in a item, unhilite old }
        OldSelRect := ItemRect(OldSelection, MenuRect, SelectedMenu);
        InvertRect (OldSelRect);
 DoChooseMessage := 0 end end;

 {
 | DoSizeMessage - handle the menu manager Size command
 }
   procedure DoSizeMessage (
 var Menu : IconMenuHandle);
      begin
        with Menu^^.Handler do begin
          Menu^^.StdStuff.menuWidth:= IconsWide*(IconSize + 2 * BufferSpace);
          Menu^^.StdStuff.menuHeight:= IconsTall*(IconSize + 2 * BufferSpace)
 end end;

{
|IconMenuDef - main
}
begin
   case message of
        mSizeMsg : DoSizeMessage (SelectedMenu);
        mDrawMsg : DoDrawMessage (SelectedMenu, MenuRect);
 mChooseMsg : WhichItem := DoChooseMessage (
 SelectedMenu,MenuRect,HitPt,WhichItem) end end;

function Min (a,b : Integer) : Integer;
begin 
 if a < b
 then Min := a
 else Min := b end;

procedure IconMenuHdlr.Setup (
 StartIconReq, 
 NumIconsReq,
 IconsWideReq,
 BufferSpaceReq 
 : Integer;
 TitleReq
 : Str255);
begin
 StartIcon := StartIconReq;
 NumIcons := NumIconsReq;
 IconsWide := IconsWideReq;
 { Calculate IconsTall from NumIcons and IconsWide }
 IconsTall := NumIcons div IconsWide 
 + Min (NumIcons mod IconsWide, 1);
 BufferSpace := BufferSpaceReq;
 Title := TitleReq end;

procedure IconMenuHdlr.Create (RsrcID : Integer);
{ RsrcID isn’t a resource ID in this case, just a menu id }
var
 TrickyHandle : IconMenuHandle; { Used for type coercion }

begin 
 HLock(Handle(Self));
 TheMenu := NewMenu (RsrcID, Title); 
 { Get a plain menu record }
 
 SetHandleSize (Handle(TheMenu), SizeOf(IconMenuInfo)); 
 { Stretch it }
 if MemError = 0
 then begin
 { Assign the icon MDEF proc }
 TheMenu^^.menuProc := NewHandle(0); {Important! }
 TheMenu^^.menuProc^ := @IconMenuDef;
 { Stuff in reference to the MenuHandler object }
 TrickyHandle := IconMenuHandle (TheMenu);
 TrickyHandle^^.Handler := SELF;
 { Insert at end of menu bar }
 CalcMenuSize (TheMenu);
 InsertMenu (TheMenu,0) end
 else
 SysBeep (1);
 HUnlock(Handle(Self)) end;
 
end. { of IconMenu unit }


!PAS$Xfer

/Globals -4
TestMenus
PAS$Library
macintf
stdpoll
stdmenu
iconmenu


* IconMenu.R resources
*

IconMenu.rsrc
????????

Type EEIN = STR 
  ,0    ;;0 by convention
Icons in Menus by David Curtis \A9 MacTutor 1988.

Type BNDL
  ,128
  EEIN  0
  ICN# 1
  0 128
  FREF 1
  0 128

Type FREF
  ,128
  APPL  0 ;; local id 0 for icon list
  
* ------ Multifinder --------

Type SIZE = GNRL
 ,-1
.I
16384 ;; $4000 = bit 14 set
.L
148000  ;;  recomended
.L
128000  ;;  minimum


Type ALRT
  ,1000 (0)
60 128 260 368 
100
4444 

Type DITL
  ,100 (0)
2

Button 
133 128 153 188 
OK

staticText 
60 41 80 159 
About Menu Test


Type ICON = GNRL
  ,505 (0)
.H
0000 0000 0000 0000 0036 D800 0049 2400 
0049 2400 71C9 270E 8900 0111 8F00 01F1 
8900 0111 7104 410E 0104 8100 0105 0100 
01FD FF00 0005 0000 0004 8000 0004 4000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 7000 000E 
8800 0011 8FFF FFF1 8800 0011 7000 000E 

Type ICON = GNRL
  ,504 (0)
.H
0000 4000 0000 8000 0001 0000 0002 0000 
0004 0000 7008 000E 8810 0011 8FFF FFF1 
8800 0011 7000 000E 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 4000 0000 8000 
0001 0000 0002 0000 0004 0000 7008 000E 
8810 0011 8FFF FFF1 8800 0011 7000 000E 

Type ICON = GNRL
  ,503 (0)
.H
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0001 0800 7001 100E 8801 2011 8FFF 3FF1 
8801 2011 7001 100E 0001 0800 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 7000 000E 
8800 0011 8FFF FFF1 8800 0011 7000 000E 

Type ICON = GNRL
  ,506 (0)
.H
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 7000 000E 8800 0011 8FFF FFF1 
8A04 0111 7204 010E 0204 0100 0104 0100 
0087 0100 0100 8100 0200 8100 0407 0FE0 
0800 8000 0400 87C0 0207 0920 0100 8100 
0080 8100 0107 0100 0200 8100 0400 8100 
0807 0100 0404 0100 0204 0100 7204 010E 
8A04 0111 8FFF FFF1 8800 0011 7000 000E 

Type ICON = GNRL
  ,501 (0)
.H
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
006D B600 7092 490E 8892 4911 8F92 49F1
8800 0011 7000 000E 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 7000 000E
8800 0011 8FFF FFF1 8800 0011 7000 000E


Type ICON = GNRL
  ,500 (0)
.H
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 7000 000E 8800 0011 8FFF FFF1
8800 8011 7000 800E 0000 8000 0000 E000
0000 1000 0000 1000 0000 E000 0000 1000
0000 1000 0000 E000 0000 1000 0000 1000
0000 E000 0000 1000 0000 1000 0000 E000
0000 1000 0000 1000 0000 E000 7000 800E
8800 8011 8FFF FFF1 8800 0011 7000 000E

Type ICON = GNRL
  ,502 (0)
.H
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 7000 000E 8800 0011 8FFF FFF1 
8800 8011 7000 800E 0000 8000 0000 8000 
0000 8000 0000 8000 0007 F000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0001 C000 0002 A000 0004 9000 
0000 8000 0000 8000 0000 8000 0000 8000 
0000 8000 0000 8000 0000 8000 7000 800E 
8800 8011 8FFF FFF1 8800 0011 7000 000E 

Type MENU
  ,256 (0)
\14
About Test Menus 
(--<Ä

Type MENU
  ,257 (0)
File
(New/N
(Open
Close
(--
(Save
(Save As 
(Revert 
(--
(Page Setup 
(Print 
(--<Ä
Quit/Q

Type MENU
  ,258 (0)
Edit
Undo
(--<Ä
Cut/X
Copy/C
Paste/V
(--
Clear

Type ICN# = GNRL
  ,128 (4)  ;; The Appl. Icon
.H
003FFC0 000400200 00800100 01000080
0200004 004000020 09FFFFD0 13ABF568
23FFFFE 440422082 807E2081 80423F81
807E208 180002081 80003F81 80002081
801E208 1800E3F81 800E2081 801A2081
80303F8 180602081 40C02082 21803F84
1300208 808003F90 04000020 02000040
0100008 000800100 00400200 003FFC00
*
003FFC0 0007FFE00 00FFFF00 01FFFF80
03FFFFC 007FFFFE0 0FFFFFF0 1FFFFFF8
3FFFFFF C7FFFFFFE FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF
FFFFFFF FFFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF
FFFFFFF FFFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF
FFFFFFF FFFFFFFFF 7FFFFFFE 3FFFFFFC
1FFFFFF 80FFFFFF0 07FFFFE0 03FFFFC0
01FFFF8 000FFFF00 007FFE00 003FFC00

David wins our Program of the Month award for this timely and interesting approach to using objects to manage menus. It is also refreshing to find that an old horse like TML Pascal can do some powerful things the new boys on the block can't do. Thanks David for a most interesting look at doing icon menus!

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Capto 1.2.9 - $29.99
Capto (was Voila) is an easy-to-use app that takes capturing, recording, video and image editing to the next level. With an intelligent file manager and quick sharing options, Capto is perfect for... Read more
Opera 51.0.2830.40 - High-performance We...
Opera is a fast and secure browser trusted by millions of users. With the intuitive interface, Speed Dial and visual bookmarks for organizing favorite sites, news feature with fresh, relevant content... Read more
GarageSale 7.0.13 - Create outstanding e...
GarageSale is a slick, full-featured client application for the eBay online auction system. Create and manage your auctions with ease. With GarageSale, you can create, edit, track, and manage... Read more
1Password 6.8.7 - Powerful password mana...
1Password is a password manager that uniquely brings you both security and convenience. It is the only program that provides anti-phishing protection and goes beyond password management by adding Web... Read more
Evernote 7.0.1 - Create searchable notes...
Evernote allows you to easily capture information in any environment using whatever device or platform you find most convenient, and makes this information accessible and searchable at anytime, from... Read more
MacUpdate Desktop 6.2.0 - $20.00
MacUpdate Desktop brings seamless 1-click app installs and version updates to your Mac. With a free MacUpdate account and MacUpdate Desktop 6, Mac users can now install almost any Mac app on... Read more
HoudahSpot 4.3.5 - Advanced file-search...
HoudahSpot is a versatile desktop search tool. Use HoudahSpot to locate hard-to-find files and keep frequently used files within reach. HoudahSpot will immediately feel familiar. It works just the... Read more
EtreCheck 4.0.4 - For troubleshooting yo...
EtreCheck is an app that displays the important details of your system configuration and allow you to copy that information to the Clipboard. It is meant to be used with Apple Support Communities to... Read more
WhatsApp 0.2.8361 - Desktop client for W...
WhatsApp is the desktop client for WhatsApp Messenger, a cross-platform mobile messaging app which allows you to exchange messages without having to pay for SMS. WhatsApp Messenger is available for... Read more
iClock 4.2 - Customize your menubar cloc...
iClock is a menu-bar replacement for Apple's default clock but with 100x features. Have your Apple or Google calendar in the menubar. Have the day, date, and time in different fonts and colors in the... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Alto's Odyssey Guide - How to Tackl...
Alto’s Odyssey is a completely stunning and serene runner, but it can also be a bit tricky. Check out these to try and keep your cool while playing this endless runner: Don’t focus too much on tasks [Read more] | Read more »
Here's everything you need to know...
Alto's Odyssey is a really, really good game. If you don't believe me, you should definitely check out our review by clicking this link right here. It takes the ideas from the original Alto's Adventure, then subtly builds on them, creating... | Read more »
Alto's Odyssey (Games)
Alto's Odyssey 1.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: Just beyond the horizon sits a majestic desert, vast and unexplored. Join Alto and his friends and set off on an endless... | Read more »
Vainglory 5v5: Everything you need to kn...
Vainglory just got bigger. [Read more] | Read more »
Check out these 5 games that are a lot l...
So you're in love with Minecraft, but you're looking for something else to play as well? You've come to the right place then, because this list is all about games that are a bit like Minecraft. Some of them, more than others. [Read more] | Read more »
Our top 5 characters from casual RPG Cre...
Creature Quest definitely lives up to its name with a host of collectible creatures based on fantasy tales and world mythologies. To celebrate Creature Quest’s first birthday, we’re going to lay out what we think are the five best characters in the... | Read more »
Around the Empire: What have you missed...
Did you know that Steel Media has a whole swathe of other sites dedicated to all aspects of mobile gaming? Sure you'll get the very best iPhone news, reviews, and opinions right here at 148Apps, but we don't want you missing out on a single piece... | Read more »
All the best games on sale for iPhone an...
Oh hi there, and welcome to our round-up of the best games that are currently on sale for iPhone and iPad. You thought I didn't see you there, did you, skulking behind the bushes? Trust me though, the bushes aren't where the best deals are. The... | Read more »
The Battle of Polytopia Guide - How to H...
A new update just released for The Battle of Polytopia (formerly Super Tribes), which introduces online multiplayer. For all the fans of Midjiwan’s lite take on Civilization, this is certainly welcome news, but playing online isn’t as easy and... | Read more »
The best games that came out for iPhone...
Another week, another bunch of new releases on the App Store, another update to our big list of new games. It's not a classic lineup this week, but there are some really good ones in the mix all the same. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Amazon restocks MacBook Pros with models avai...
Amazon has restocked 15″ and 13″ Apple MacBook Pros with models on sale for up to $251 off MSRP. Shipping is free. Note that stock of some Macs may come and go (and some sell out quickly), so check... Read more
Lowest price of the year: 15″ 2.8GHz Apple Ma...
Amazon has the 2017 Space Gray 15″ 2.8GHz MacBook Pro on sale today for $251 off MSRP. Shipping is free: – 15″ 2.8GHz Touch Bar MacBook Pro Space Gray (MPTR2LL/A): $2148, $251 off MSRP Their price is... Read more
Apple restocks full line of Certified Refurbi...
Apple has restocked a full line of Apple Certified Refurbished 2017 13″ MacBook Pros for $200-$300 off MSRP. A standard Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is free.... Read more
Lowest sale price available for 13″ 1.8GHz Ma...
Focus Camera has the 2017 13″ 1.8GHz/128GB Apple MacBook Air on sale today for $829 including free shipping. Their price is $170 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for a current 13″... Read more
21-inch 2.3GHz iMac on sale for $999, $100 of...
B&H Photo has the 2017 21″ 2.3GHz iMac (MMQA2LL/A) in stock and on sale for $999 including free shipping plus NY & NJ tax only. Their price is $100 off MSRP. Read more
Apple refurbished Mac minis in stock again st...
Apple has restocked Certified Refurbished Mac minis starting at $419. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and shipping is free: – 1.4GHz Mac mini: $419 $80 off MSRP – 2.6GHz Mac... Read more
Tuesday MacBook Deals: $250 off 15″ 2.9GHz Ma...
Adorama has the Silver 15″ 2.9GHz Apple MacBook Pro on sale today for $250 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and Adorama charges sales tax for residents in NY & NJ only: – 15″ 2.9GHz Silver MacBook Pro... Read more
Save up to $350 with these Apple Certified Re...
Apple has a full line of Certified Refurbished iMacs available for up to $350 off original MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping is free. The following models are available: – 27... Read more
B&H offers $200 discount on Silver 15″ Ma...
B&H Photo has Silver 15″ Apple MacBook Pros on sale for $200 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges sales tax for NY & NJ residents only: – 15″ 2.8GHz Touch Bar MacBook Pro Silver (... Read more
12″ Apple iPad Pro Sale of the Year! Models u...
B&H Photo has 12″ #iPad Pros on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges sales tax in NY & NJ only: – 12″ 64GB WiFi iPad Pro: $719 $80 off MSRP – 12″ 256GB WiFi... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description:SalesSpecialist - Retail Customer Service and SalesTransform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Sr. Experience Designer, Today at *Apple* -...
# Sr. Experience Designer, Today at Apple Job Number: 56495251 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: 18-Jan-2018 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** Read more
*Apple* Technical Specialist - Apple, Inc. (...
…customers purchase our products, you're the one who helps them get more out of their new Apple technology. Your day in the Apple Store is filled with a range of Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Strategist, *Apple* Media Products, Content...
# Strategist, Apple Media Products, Content and Marketing Job Number: 113399632 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: 20-Feb-2018 Weekly Hours: 40.00 Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.