TweetFollow Us on Twitter

CLR ToolLib
Volume Number:2
Issue Number:6
Column Tag:Basic School

Add Three New Libraries to your CLR ToolLib

By Dave Kelly, Editorial Board

Hello!! This month MacTutor features three new MS BASIC libraries to add to your CLR ToolLib collection. These routines were written by Clear Lake Research for use on future versions of BASIC library disks. To make it easy to add them to your ToolLib Libraries, we are providing a statement adder program to write the hex codes directly to your disk. It will require that you already have CLR ToolLib in order to run the Statement Adder program as the resource routines are used to save the new libraries.

The new libraries are: RealFont, KbEquiv and setItemStyle. RealFont is a Macintosh Font Manager function that returns TRUE if the font having the font number fontNum is available in the given size in a resource file, or returns FALSE if the font has to be scaled to that size. The syntax to call the CLR Realfont library is:

Realfont fontNum%,size%,boolean%

The following example shows the use of RealFont:

LIBRARY"NewLibraries"
fontNum%=4    'Monaco font
size%=18
boolean%=0
RealFont fontNum%,size%,boolean%
PRINT boolean%

Each font type is represented by a different font number, in this case a four represents the Monaco font. The size we are checking is 18. If size 18 exists in the Monaco font the the variable boolean% returns a TRUE, otherwise if the font does not exist in size 18 then a FALSE is returned. This routine is useful to create menus which include the size of fonts to be used by your program. Some font numbers can be found on page 290 of your MS BASIC manual.

KbEquiv may be used to add keyboard equivalents to your menus. MS BASIC menus do no provide a way to add keyboard equivalents to your menus. An alternative is to trap all keyboard input and branch to the appropriate subroutine, but that is would require a separate routine which is not associated with the menu error trapping. Usually, calls to the menu manager would indicate which keys are to be used as keyboard equivalents to the menus. However, MS BASIC did not provide a way to use equivalent keys. The syntax for the KbEquiv statement is:

KbEquiv Menunumber%,itemnumber%,key$

where Menunumber% is the menu and itemnumber% is the menu item where the key will be added. The variable key$ is the one character key which will be used as the equivalent key. The routine implementation is shown in the Menu Styles Demo later in this article.

A warning: The KbEquiv routine does not yet check if the menu indicated actually exists. Therefore be sure that you know your menu has already been created before calling this routine. Unpredictable results will occur. The future released version of this routine from CLR will check for the menu before setting up the keyboard equivalent.

The third routine, setItemStyle, is also a member of the Menu Manager routines. SetItemStyle changes the character style of the given menu item to the indicated character style. The syntax is:

setItemStyle Menunumber%,itemnumber%,style%

where menunumber% is the number of the menu and itemnumber% is the number of the item in that menu. Style% is an integer number representing the style of the menu item. Style% is the same as the values used to represent the attributes of the TEXTFACE statement. The bit for each attribute is listed on page 291 of your MS BASIC manual. (Example: bold, shadow has a value of 17; Italic and underlined has a value of 12). The Menu Styles Demo demonstrates how to set up your own style menu.

To install your new libraries run the statement adder program listed below. The KbEquiv, Real Font and setItemStyle routines will be added to a new file named NewLibraries. This newly created file will be a CLR library file but without the LibInit function; just the three new statements we've added this month. Next you will need to run the Statement Mover program which is provided with the CLR Libraries disk. Statement Mover is a handy BASIC program which will copy libraries from one file to another. In fact, I recommend that you copy the libraries that you are using to your BASIC program file (i. e. add the library resource to your BASIC program). The BASIC program is stored in the data fork of the file, and the resource fork will then contain the libraries used by the program. Use Satement Mover to copy the LibInit routine to the NewLibraries file! LibInit is needed by BASIC to be sure that the Library file is a MS BASIC Library. LibInit must be in the same file as each of the libraries that you use. Of course if you choose to move the NewLibaries file into your already existing ToolLib file, then you don't need the extra LibInit function. In fact, if you can spare the space, you might want to merge all the library routines into a single ToolLib file using the Statement Mover program. Here is a review list of everything CLR has published:

CLR LIBRARIES

ToolLib Original CLR ROM Interface

SpeechLib Speech stuff for MacinTalk

MathStatLib Math and Statistics routines

NewLibraries Output of this month's program

The ToolLib and MathStatLib are available on the CLR Utilities Disk from the MacTutor Mail Order Store for $50. The SpeechLib is available seperately on the CLR Speech disk for $20. We tried to encourage CLR to combine the two products to avoid customer confusion, but they were unable to do so.

The Menu Styles Demo will try to open the NewLibraries file, so you should be sure that LibInit is moved to the New Libraries file or that the program calls the name of the Library containing the setItemStyle and KbEquiv routines (RealFont is not used in the demo).


'Statement Adder 
' for RealFont, KbEquiv, and setItemStyle libraries
'By Clear Lake Research and David Kelly
'© Clear Lake Research, Inc.
'used with permission
'NOTE: The hex codes for RealFont, KbEquiv, setItemStyle
'are copyrighted by Clear Lake Research. 
'By using Statement Adder you may create these libraries
'then add them to your ToolLib Libraries using 
'Statement Mover (provided with CLR ToolLib).
'This program requires ToolLib and MS Basic 2.0 or 2.1
'Run this program only once.

LIBRARY"ToolLib"
DIM p%(120)
DEFINT i,j
FOR j=1 TO 3
    ERASE p%
    REM  read hex code
    READ nm$
    READ id%
    READ numofbytes%
    DIM p%(numofbytes%)
    FOR i%= 1 TO numofbytes%
        READ p%(i%)
   NEXT i%
 
fileRefNum%=0:H!=0
openResFile"NewLibraries",fileRefNum%        'openResFile
saveArray fileRefNum%,p%(1),numofbytes%*2,id%,nm$    
                                   'save as type GNRL'
GetNamedRes fileRefNum%,"GNRL",nm$,H!   'get resource
detachRes H!                                   'Now it is not a resource
AddRes fileRefNum%,H!,"CODE",id%,nm$       'type CODE
releaseRes H!                                               
GetNamedRes fileRefNum%,"GNRL",nm$,H!     'Not needed
removeRes fileRefNum%,H!                                    'so remove 
it
REM early printings of the manual had the syntax of
REM removeRes wrong. The first argument was left off.

CloseResFile fileRefNum%

REM make sure libinit is in the file before running it!

NEXT j  'do next of three functions
PRINT"Done" 'end of program.

'setItemStyle Library 
DATA "setItemStyle" :REM name of resource nm$
DATA 5001: REM id number id%
DATA 33: REM number of bytes
DATA &H8,&H0,&H4EAD,&H2A,&HC00
DATA &H3,&H662C,&H3A12,&H5245,&H4EAD
DATA &H2A,&HC00,&H3,&H661E,&H3612
DATA &H4EAD,&H2A,&HC00,&H3,&H6612
DATA &H3812,&H42A7,&H3F05,&HA949,&H3F03
DATA &H3F04,&HA942,&H7000,&H4E75,&H740D
DATA &H7000,&H4EAD,&H42

'RealFont Library  
DATA "RealFont": REM name of resource nm$
DATA 703: REM id number id%
DATA 37: REM number of bytes
DATA &H8,&H0,&H4EAD,&H2A,&HC00
DATA &H3,&H6632,&H3812,&H4EAD,&H2A
DATA &HC00,&H3,&H6626,&H3A12,&H4EAD
DATA &H2A,&HC40,&H3,&H661A,&H4267
DATA &H3F04,&H3F05,&HA902,&H301F,&H6708
DATA &H34BC,&HFFFF,&H7000,&H4E75,&H4252
DATA &H7000,&H4E75,&H7000,&H303C,&HD
DATA &H4EAD,&H42

'KbEquiv Library 
DATA "KbEquiv":REM name of resource nm$
DATA 191:REM id number id%
DATA 58: REM number of bytes
DATA &H0,&H1,&H4EAD,&H2A,&HC00
DATA &H3,&H665E,&H3812,&H5244,&H4EAD
DATA &H2A,&HC00,&H3,&H6650,&H3A12
DATA &H4EAD,&H2A,&HC00,&H2,&H6644
DATA &H264A,&H4EAD,&H82,&H4EAD,&H8A
DATA &H1613,&H42A7,&H3F04,&HA949,&H2657
DATA &H2653,&H303C,&HE,&H1233,&H0
DATA &H5241,&HD041,&H5345,&H6008,&H1233
DATA &H0,&H5A41,&HD041,&H51CD,&HFFF6
DATA &H1233,&H0,&H5441,&HD041,&H1783
DATA &H0,&HA948,&H7000,&H4E75,&H740D
DATA &H7000,&H4EAD,&H42
=========================================

'Menu Styles Demo
'©MacTutor 1986
'by Dave Kelly
'With special thanks to Clear Lake Research
'for allowing use of KbEquiv, RealFont,
'and setItemStyle Libraries

LIBRARY"NewLibraries"
TEXTMODE 1
DIM st%(10)

MENU 6,0,1,"Style"
MENU 6,1,1,"Plain"
MENU 6,2,1,"Bold"
MENU 6,3,1,"Italic"
MENU 6,4,1,"Underline"
MENU 6,5,1,"Outline"
MENU 6,6,1,"Shadow"
MENU 6,7,1,"Condensed"
MENU 6,8,1,"Extended"
MENU 6,9,0,"-"
MENU 6,10,1,"Quit"

FOR i% = 0 TO 6
    st%(i%+2)=2^i%
NEXT i%

'Variable    Value            Attribute
'    st%(1)      0                Plain Text
'    st%(2)      1                Bold
'    st%(3)      2                Italic
'    st%(4)      4                Underlined
'    st%(5)      8                Outlined
'    st%(6)     16                Shadow
'    st%(7)      32               Condensed 
 '(less space between characters)
'    st%(8)      64               Extended 
 '(more space between characters)

'Set up menu styles
FOR i%= 2 TO 8
    setItemStyle 6,i%,st%(i%)
    st%(i%)=0
NEXT i%

'Set up keyboard equivalents
FOR i% = 1 TO 6
    READ A$
    KbEquiv 6,i%,A$
NEXT i%
 KbEquiv 6,10,"Q"
 
DATA P,B,I,U,O,S

ON MENU GOSUB MenuEvent
MOVETO 10,50
PRINT "Hello World!"
Style%=0
MENU ON
loop:
GOTO loop

MenuEvent:
menunumber%=MENU(0):menuitem%=MENU(1):MENU
IF menunumber%=6 THEN ItemEvent
RETURN

ItemEvent:
ON menuitem% GOSUB plain, bold, Italic, Underlined,      Outlined, Shadow, 
Condensed, Extended,, quit
RETURN

quit:
MENU RESET
END

plain:
Style%=0
MENU 6,1,2
FOR i%=2 TO 8
    MENU 6,i%,1
    st%(i%)=0
NEXT i%
GOSUB printscreen
RETURN

printscreen:
TEXTFACE Style%
CLS
MOVETO 10,50
PRINT "Hello, World!"
RETURN

bold:
IF st%(2)=0 THEN st%(2)=1 ELSE st%(2)=0
IF st%(2)=0 THEN MENU 6,2,1 ELSE MENU 6,2,2

Computestyle:
MENU 6,1,1
Style%=0
FOR i%=1 TO 8
    Style%=Style%+st%(i%)
NEXT i%
GOSUB printscreen
RETURN

Italic:
IF st%(3)=0 THEN st%(3)=2 ELSE st%(3)=0
IF st%(3)=0 THEN MENU 6,3,1 ELSE MENU 6,3,2
GOTO Computestyle

Underlined:
IF st%(4)=0 THEN st%(4)=4 ELSE st%(4)=0
IF st%(4)=0 THEN MENU 6,4,1 ELSE MENU 6,4,2
GOTO Computestyle

Outlined:
IF st%(5)=0 THEN st%(5)=8 ELSE st%(5)=0
IF st%(5)=0 THEN MENU 6,5,1 ELSE MENU 6,5,2
GOTO Computestyle

Shadow:
IF st%(6)=0 THEN st%(6)=16 ELSE st%(6)=0
IF st%(6)=0 THEN MENU 6,6,1 ELSE MENU 6,6,2
GOTO Computestyle

Condensed:
IF st%(7)=0 THEN st%(7)=32 ELSE st%(7)=0
IF st%(7)=0 THEN MENU 6,7,1 ELSE MENU 6,7,2
GOTO Computestyle

Extended:
IF st%(8)=0 THEN st%(8)=64 ELSE st%(8)=0
IF st%(8)=0 THEN MENU 6,8,1 ELSE MENU 6,8,2
GOTO Computestyle

Using HFS with MS BASIC and other applications

The release of the Apple Macintosh plus has created a few compatability problems for MS BASIC users. It is rumored that Microsoft is in the process of fixing MS BASIC so that it will be completely compatable with HFS. The following tips may help in getting around some of the problems until a more permanent solution is released (i.e. a new verison of MS BASIC).

• Problem: MS BASIC can't find files in folders.

Solution: Use the HFS.FIX program by Andy Hertfeld. It will add a resource to your system to help search through folders to find the files you want. This will work in 95% of the cases. In some cases BASIC must be in the root volume with the application. This is true for use of some CLR Libraries. We have not found any CLR routines that do not work with HFS. The problems that exist are related to the BASIC interpreter, not the Libraries. If you suspect a problem, try placing Basic, the application file and the libraries it uses in the root directory for that disk; ie not in any folder. Another solution would be to use MFS formated disks for your BASIC programming. This is NOT the preferred solution, however, it will be sure to work.

• Notes on using the RAM Cache with any software: I recommend that you NEVER change the cache from within any application. Since most software doesn't keep track of the cache, it can cause some catastrophic results. When using Switcher, be sure to turn off the cache completely. Switcher may allocate the same memory that the cache is using (without knowing it); the memory contention will surely cause a disaster. On the Mac Plus there is 850278 bytes of free space left in MS BASIC's data segment with the cache turned off. With a 128K cache on there is still 719214 bytes left. I have not seen any problems in using the cache with BASIC. In fact, your program will run much faster with the cache on. The size of the cache is arbitrary.

• Initializing single sided disks as double sided 800K disks: We take no responsibility if you lose any data when using single sided disks as double sided, however, those that have been re-initializing their 400K disks have not had any noticeable problems with any of them. The differance between single and double sided disks: The side that you use is polished and has been verified before shipping. Typically, both single and double sided disks are manufactured the same way, only the QA checks and certification are missing, meaning you can usually get away with it.

 
AAPL
$97.67
Apple Inc.
+0.64
MSFT
$44.50
Microsoft Corpora
+0.10
GOOG
$589.02
Google Inc.
-4.33

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

TinkerTool 5.3 - Expanded preference set...
TinkerTool is an application that gives you access to additional preference settings Apple has built into Mac OS X. This allows to activate hidden features in the operating system and in some of the... Read more
Audio Hijack Pro 2.11.0 - Record and enh...
Audio Hijack Pro drastically changes the way you use audio on your computer, giving you the freedom to listen to audio when you want and how you want. Record and enhance any audio with Audio Hijack... Read more
Intermission 1.1.1 - Pause and rewind li...
Intermission allows you to pause and rewind live audio from any application on your Mac. Intermission will buffer up to 3 hours of audio, allowing users to skip through any assortment of audio... Read more
Autopano Giga 3.6 - Stitch multiple imag...
Autopano Giga allows you to stitch 2, 20, or 2,000 images. Version 3.0 integrates impressive new features that will definitely make you adopt Autopano Pro or Autopano Giga: Choose between 9... Read more
Airfoil 4.8.7 - Send audio from any app...
Airfoil allows you to send any audio to AirPort Express units, Apple TVs, and even other Macs and PCs, all in sync! It's your audio - everywhere. With Airfoil you can take audio from any... Read more
Microsoft Remote Desktop 8.0.8 - Connect...
With Microsoft Remote Desktop, you can connect to a remote PC and your work resources from almost anywhere. Experience the power of Windows with RemoteFX in a Remote Desktop client designed to help... Read more
xACT 2.30 - Audio compression toolkit. (...
xACT stands for X Aaudio Compression Toolkit, an application that encodes and decodes FLAC, SHN, Monkey’s Audio, TTA, Wavpack, and Apple Lossless files. It also can encode these formats to MP3, AAC... Read more
Firefox 31.0 - Fast, safe Web browser. (...
Firefox for Mac offers a fast, safe Web browsing experience. Browse quickly, securely, and effortlessly. With its industry-leading features, Firefox is the choice of Web development professionals... Read more
Little Snitch 3.3.3 - Alerts you to outg...
Little Snitch gives you control over your private outgoing data. Track background activityAs soon as your computer connects to the Internet, applications often have permission to send any... Read more
Thunderbird 31.0 - Email client from Moz...
As of July 2012, Thunderbird has transitioned to a new governance model, with new features being developed by the broader free software and open source community, and security fixes and improvements... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Reddme for iPhone - The Reddit Client (...
Reddme for iPhone - The Reddit Client 1.0 Device: iOS iPhone Category: News Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Reddme for iPhone is an iOS 7-optimized Reddit client that offers a refreshing new way to experience Reddit... | Read more »
Jacob Jones and the Bigfoot Mystery : Ep...
Jacob Jones and the Bigfoot Mystery : Episode 2 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Jacob Jones is back in Episode 2 of one of Apples 'Best of 2013' games and an App Store... | Read more »
New Trailer For Outcast Odyssey, A New K...
New Trailer For Outcast Odyssey, A New Kind of Card Battler Posted by Jennifer Allen on July 25th, 2014 [ permalink ] Out this Fall is a new kind of card battle game: Outcast Odyssey. | Read more »
Garfield: Survival of the Fattest Coming...
Garfield: Survival of the Fattest Coming to iOS this Fall Posted by Jennifer Allen on July 25th, 2014 [ permalink ] Who loves lasagna? Me. Also everyone’s favorite grumpy fat cat, Garfield. | Read more »
Happy Flock Review
Happy Flock Review By Andrew Fisher on July 25th, 2014 Our Rating: :: HERD IT ALL BEFOREUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Underneath the gloss of Happy Flock’s visuals is a game of very little substance. It’s cute, but... | Read more »
Square Register Updates Adds Offline Pay...
Square Register Updates Adds Offline Payments Posted by Ellis Spice on July 25th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Looking For Group – Hearthstone’s Curse...
For the first time since its release (which has thankfully been a much shorter window for iPad players than their PC counterparts), Blizzard’s wildly successful Hearthstone: Heroes of Warcraft CCG is sporting some brand new content: the single... | Read more »
Poptile Review
Poptile Review By Jennifer Allen on July 25th, 2014 Our Rating: :: SIMPLY FUNUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Simple yet a little bit glorious, Poptile is a satisfying entertaining puzzle game with oodles of the ‘one... | Read more »
Modern Combat 5: Blackout Review
Modern Combat 5: Blackout Review By Brittany Vincent on July 25th, 2014 Our Rating: :: LESS QQ, MORE PEW PEWUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad The fifth entry into the blockbuster Modern Combat series is what mobile... | Read more »
Watch and Share Mobile Gameplay Videos W...
Watch and Share Mobile Gameplay Videos With Kamcord Posted by Jennifer Allen on July 25th, 2014 [ permalink ] iPhone App - Designed for the iPhone, compatible with the iPad | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

iMacs on sale for $150 off MSRP, $250 off for...
Best Buy has iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP for a limited time. Choose free home shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Prices are valid for online orders only, in-store... Read more
Mac minis on sale for $100 off MSRP, starting...
Best Buy has Mac minis on sale for $100 off MSRP. Choose free shipping or free instant local store pickup. Prices are for online orders only, in-store prices may vary: 2.5GHz Mac mini: $499.99 2.3GHz... Read more
Global Tablet Market Grows 11% in Q2/14 Notwi...
Worldwide tablet sales grew 11.0 percent year over year in the second quarter of 2014, with shipments reaching 49.3 million units according to preliminary data from the International Data Corporation... Read more
New iPhone 6 Models to Have Staggered Release...
Digitimes’ Cage Chao and Steve Shen report that according to unnamed sources in Apple’s upstream iPhone supply chain, the new 5.5-inch iPhone will be released several months later than the new 4.7-... Read more
New iOS App Helps People Feel Good About thei...
Mobile shoppers looking for big savings at their favorite stores can turn to the Goodshop app, a new iOS app with the latest coupons and deals at more than 5,000 online stores. In addition to being a... Read more
Save on 5th generation refurbished iPod touch...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 5th generation iPod touches available starting at $149. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free. Many, but not all... Read more
What Should Apple’s Next MacBook Priority Be;...
Stabley Times’ Phil Moore says that after expanding its iMac lineup with a new low end model, Apple’s next Mac hardware decision will be how it wants to approach expanding its MacBook lineup as well... Read more
ArtRage For iPhone Painting App Free During C...
ArtRage for iPhone is currently being offered for free (regularly $1.99) during Comic-Con San Diego #SDCC, July 24-27, in celebration of the upcoming ArtRage 4.5 and other 64-bit versions of the... Read more
With The Apple/IBM Alliance, Is The iPad Now...
Almost since the iPad was rolled out in 2010, and especially after Apple made a 128 GB storage configuration available in 2012, there’s been debate over whether the iPad is a serious tool for... Read more
MacBook Airs on sale starting at $799, free s...
B&H Photo has the new 2014 MacBook Airs on sale for up to $100 off MSRP for a limited time. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. They also include free copies of Parallels... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Sr Software Lead Engineer, *Apple* Online S...
Sr Software Lead Engineer, Apple Online Store Publishing Systems Keywords: Company: Apple Job Code: E3PCAK8MgYYkw Location (City or ZIP): Santa Clara Status: Full Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.