Apple patent involves vector processing computer system
TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Apple patent involves vector processing computer system

An Apple patent (number 7895252) for single-channel convolution in a vector processing computer system has appeared at the US Patent & Trademark Office. The invention relates generally to signal processing within a computer processor.

It involves a system and method for performing convolution in a single channel of a vector processing computer system takes advantage of the parallel computing capability of the vector processing system and the distributed properties of the discrete-time convolution sum by performing convolution on portions of an overall data stream, or data chunks, simultaneously. Partial solution are thereby obtained and superimposed to achieve an overall solution data stream. To simplify the convolution sum and eliminate the need for calculating products, a specialized data signal or vector containing a series of ones may be used in the convolution operation. The inventors are li Sazegari and Doug Clarke.

Here's Apple's background and summary of the invention: "One of the most important, value-adding features in a computer is its ability to process large amounts of data and information. Some of the information frequently processed by a computer includes image and other signal information. Frequently, information processed on a computer may relate to the general computer display, computer graphics, scanned images, video, and other data. With each of these types of data, it is often desirable to utilize the convolution function to process the data.

"Convolution is useful in demonstrating the manner in which two signals interact in the time domain, and in expressing a resulting signal from the mixing of the two signals within the time domain."

"One of the main problems in performing convolution using a computer is that the process is inherently linear. For relatively long sequences, therefore, the convolution process can be quite lengthy. Generally, a computer reads each function to be convolved as a stream of data, one element at a time. This requires valuable processor time, and the time required increases proportionately to the complexity and length of the signals to be processed. This is especially problematic, for example, in image processing applications and/or video applications, where signals are complex and memory-intensive. In video applications, another problem arises in that the real-time display of images, which is essential for a user's understanding in viewing the video information, requires numerous computations at a high rate of speed without delays. If the convolution sum used to process these video signals delays the output of the video, the result may be difficulty in understanding the output signal.

"As processor speeds and users' demands for quality increase, it is essential that signals which are processed by way of a convolution sum, such as the one shown in Equation 2, are processed in the most efficient manner without sacrificing quality. Even with the increased processor speeds of today, performing convolution as a serial process whereby entire streams of data are input, output, and computed sequentially, slows a computer's ability to process signals and information, and generally slows the processing of data involved in unrelated functions by the computer.

"Recently, vector processing, which utilizes parallel computing operations, has been implemented in various computer systems. This type of computer processing has the advantage that multiple calculations may be performed simultaneously. This is accomplished by using vector calculations whereby entire matrices may be added, subtracted, multiplied, divided, or otherwise operated upon. However, even with the increased speeds afforded by performing vector calculations in a vector processing computer system, convolution has traditionally been a serial operation that does not take advantage of the vector processing power. As a result, an efficient, vector processing system may perform multiple tasks using parallel computing and not make use of the parallel calculating capability for convolution operations, thereby slowing the entire system while awaiting the results of a convolution calculation. The diminished processing speed is further exacerbated by the fact that linear processing typically occurs in a part of the computer's central processing unit separate from the vector processor. Consequently, the delays associated with transferring data between the linear and vector processors further slow the overall process.

"Accordingly, it is desirable to create a system and method for performing convolution in a vector processing computer system that utilizes the parallel calculating capability of the system in a manner so as to make the most efficient use of the computer system.

"In accordance with the present invention, these objectives are achieved by a system and method that performs convolution in a single channel of a vector processing computer system. This system and method take advantage of the distributive properties of the discrete-time convolution sum by reading in data, buffering data into a given number of data chunks, transposing the data chunks within a matrix to align the first bit of each data chunk, performing the convolution sums on each of the columns of a matrix simultaneously, storing the results from each column's convolution sums as partial solutions, superimposing the results of each column's convolution sums into a single data stream representing an overall solution to be further processed by the computer. According to an embodiment of the invention, the data is transposed and manipulated within a matrix. According to another embodiment of the present invention, one of the data signals or vectors used in the convolution sum is a vector comprising a series of ones. By utilizing a series of ones, a simplification of the overall convolution sum, which is the sum of products is achieved as the operation is reduced to an operation of sums only."

-- Dennis Sellers

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

How to build a successful civilisation i...
GodFinger 2 grants you godlike powers, leaving you to raise a civilization of followers. In the spirit of games like Black & White, the GodFinger games will see you building bigger and better villages, developing more advanced technology and... | Read more »
How to get all the crabs in Mr Crab 2
Mr. Crab 2 may look like a cutesy platformer for kids, but if you're the kind of person who likes to complete a game 100%, you'll soon realise that it's a tougher than a crustacean's shell. [Read more] | Read more »
How to be a star in Britney Spears: Amer...
If you've ever wanted to be a star, baby, then you've probably already checked out Britney Spears: American Dream and are happily making your way up the charts. But fame doesn't come easy, and everyone needs a helping hand sometimes. So we've got... | Read more »
AppSpy is hiring a part time Staff Write...
| Read more »
How to save lives in ER Surgery Simulato...
A serious earthquake has struck a nearby town in ER Surgery Simulator - Emergency Doctor, and it’s up to you to save the victims. [Read more] | Read more »
Tips and tricks to get a high score in G...
Ketchapp Games loves the endless runner genre. And its newest game, Gravity Switch, is no exception. Gravity Switch takes a fresh approach, though, as you move a block, suspended in zero gravity, safely through a maze of shifting pillars. If the... | Read more »
Tips and tricks to get a high score in S...
Smash Fu is a high-paced tile-tapping game that requires quick reflexes and some practice. You’ll have to smash bricks with the skill of a seasoned black belt to get a high score. To raise the stakes a bit, you’ll also have to avoid tapping any... | Read more »
How to keep the ball rolling in Dropple
If you're new to the minimalist puzzler Dropple, you may find yourself struggling to make it beyond the first couple of steps before your ball falls into the endless abyss below. [Read more] | Read more »
Game Craft releases new Legend of War ti...
Set for release at the end of this month, real time strategy title Legend of War seems sure to delight with a veritable feast of sweet features to get stuck into. Developed by Game Craft, the game is due for release through both the App Store and... | Read more »
How not to die in Traffic Rider
Traffic Rider, an Out Run-esque game in which your ride a motorcycle recklessly into trffic, might not seem particularly complicated. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Textkraft Professional Becomes A Mobile Produ...
The new update 4.1 of Textkraft Professional for the iPad comes with many new and updated features that will be particularly of interest to self-publishers of e-books. Highlights include import and... Read more
SnipNotes 2.0 – Intelligent note-taking for i...
Indie software developer Felix Lisczyk has announced the release and immediate availability of SnipNotes 2.0, the next major version of his productivity app for iOS devices and Apple Watch.... Read more
Pitch Clock – The Entrepreneur’s Wingman Laun...
Grand Rapids, Michigan based Skunk Tank has announced the release and immediate availability of Pitch Clock – The Entrepreneur’s Wingman 1.1, the company’s new business app available exclusively on... Read more
13-inch 2.9GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for...
B&H Photo has the 13″ 2.9GHz Retina MacBook Pro (model #MF841LL/A) on sale for $1599 including free shipping plus NY tax only. Their price is $200 off MSRP. Amazon also has the 13″ 3.9GHz Retina... Read more
Apple price trackers, updated continuously
Scan our Apple Price Trackers for the latest information on sales, bundles, and availability on systems from Apple’s authorized internet/catalog resellers. We update the trackers continuously: - 15″... Read more
Clearance 12-inch Retina MacBooks available s...
B&H Photo has dropped prices on leftover 2015 12″ Retina MacBooks with models now available starting at $999. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY tax only: - 12″ 1.1GHz Gray Retina MacBook... Read more
Check Apple prices on any device with the iTr...
MacPrices is proud to offer readers a free iOS app (iPhones, iPads, & iPod touch) and Android app (Google Play and Amazon App Store) called iTracx, which allows you to glance at today’s lowest... Read more
New 2016 13-inch 256GB MacBook Air on sale fo...
B&H Photo has the new 13″ 1.6GHz/256GB MacBook Air (model MMGG2LL/A) on sale for $1149 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $50 off MSRP. Amazon has the 13″ 1.6GHz/256GB... Read more
Apple refurbished iPad Air 2s available start...
Apple has Certified Refurbished iPad Air 2 available starting at $339. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free: - 128GB Wi-Fi iPad Air 2: $499 - 64GB Wi-Fi iPad... Read more
Accenture and Vatican Opera Romana Pellegrina...
Accenture has announced that the official mobile application for the Extraordinary Jubilee Year of Mercy declared by Pope Francis has been built and launched by Accenture Mobility, part of Accenture... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Nissan Service Technicians - Apple A...
Apple Automotive is one of the fastest growing dealer...and it shows. Consider making the switch to the Apple Automotive Group today! At Apple Automotive , Read more
ISCS *Apple* ID Site Support Engineer - APP...
…position, we are looking for an individual who has experience supporting customers with Apple ID issues and enjoys this area of support. This person should be Read more
Automotive Sales Consultant - Apple Ford Linc...
…you. The best candidates are smart, technologically savvy and are customer focused. Apple Ford Lincoln Apple Valley is different, because: $30,000 annual salary Read more
*Apple* Support Technician II - Worldventure...
…global, fast growing member based travel company, is currently sourcing for an Apple Support Technician II to be based in our Plano headquarters. WorldVentures is Read more
Restaurant Manager (Neighborhood Captain) - A...
…in every aspect of daily operation. WHY YOU'LL LIKE IT: You'll be the Big Apple . You'll solve problems. You'll get to show your ability to handle the stress and Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.