TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Wiki Services in Leopard Server Overview

Volume Number: 24 (2008)
Issue Number: 07
Column Tag: Wiki

Wiki Services in Leopard Server Overview

A "fast" introduction to wiki and blog services in OS X Server for the SysAdmin

by Ben Greisler

Wiki Wiki!

"Quick! Quick!" That is the rough translation of "wiki wiki" from the Hawaiian language, and we can thank Ward Cunningham for its inclusion in our daily lives.

By providing a quick way for groups to collaborate, and individuals to speak out, wiki and blog technologies have grown in popularity very quickly, no pun intended. People have found their voice and companies have found an effective way to provide communications amongst their employees. Apple has fed this need by providing wiki and blog services in Mac OS X 10.5 Server. We will take a look at these services, discuss some features and considerations for deployment.

Wiki Planning and Setup

There are several prerequisites when setting up wiki and blog services on Leopard Server:

The first gotcha is that the machine hosting the service needs to have a local OD Master running on it. Note, though, that the machine can also be connected to another directory service, too.

You need to have a website set up to present your wiki info. Protect this site the same way you would any other site, such as VPN-only access, or by using SSL.

Plan your storage. As you may find your users storing a lot of data as attachments to their blogs and wikis, make sure you have an appropriate amount of storage set aside.

Each website can be enabled for wiki and blog services. In Server Admin, go to Web and then pick the site you wish to enable. From there you can chose which wiki and blog services you want to enable and if you want to restrict to certain individuals and groups. In Workgroup Manager, pick which Groups are to have wiki and blog services and enable them in the Basic tab.


Fig. 1: Setting up wiki and blog services in Server Admin


Fig. 2: Enabling wiki services for a group in Workgroup Manager

File Locations

Wiki content is stored in /Library/Collaboration (default) with the following specific locations:

Group's services:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/

Wiki page components:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/

Main text, html content:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/page.html

Metadata:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/page.plist

Version history database:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/revisions.db

Graphics:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/pagename.page/images/

Attachments:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/pagename.page/attachments/

Wiki folder structure:

# ls -l
total 8
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:56   ArchivedGroups
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   Groups
drwxr-x—   2    _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:56   Users
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   249   Apr   5   16:56   dataVersion.plist
# cd Groups/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   10_teamsserver   _teamsserver   340   Apr   5   16:59   wikigroup
# cd wikigroup/
# ls -l
total 24
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   discussion
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   16:59   index.db
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   mailinglist
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   432   Apr   5   16:59   metadata.plist
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   public
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   resources
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   weblog
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   wiki
# cd wiki/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   7   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   238   Apr   5   16:59   welcome.page
# cd welcome.page/
# ls -l
total 32
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   attachments
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   images
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   427   Apr   5   16:59   page.html
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   730   Apr   5   16:59   page.plist
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   16:59   revisions.db

Blog content is stored in /Library/Collaboration (default) with the following specific locations:

User's blog:

/Library/Collaboration/Users/(username)/

Blog folder structure:

# cd /Library/Collaboration/Users/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   8   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   272   Apr   5   17:09   wikiuser1
# cd wikiuser1/
# ls -l
total 24
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   discussion
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   17:09   index.db
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   479   Apr   5   17:10   metadata.plist
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   public
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   resources
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   weblog

Other files:

Note: These files may be overwritten during software updates and any modifications made in these directories might be nullified at that time.

Client side code:

/usr/share/collaboration/

Python code, help files, templates, etc:

/usr/share/wikid/

Wiki and Blog Security and Control

Being a web based technology, standard web security techniques can be used such as SSL. From the user control perspective you can control wiki access in the Web services list by placing the users and groups you want to allow. You can also use Service Access Control Lists (SACL's) from within Server Admin to determine which users and groups may or may not get access to blogs.

When enabling the group's access to web services in Workgroup Manger, you need to pick which website hosts the desired wiki, and then set the permissions for the group. There are pull-down menus for allowing who can edit the services and who can view then. The choices are:

Group members only: This will allow all users in the group access.

Some group members: Only group members with editing privileges can edit.

Authenticated users: Only users than can authenticate against the directory service.

Anyone: No authentication needed.


Fig. 3: Turn on SSL in Web services in Server Admin


Fig. 4: Setting up a Service Access Control List for blogs in Server Admin

Wiki Templates

Apple provides a set of themes and templates to provide a starting point for wikis and blogs. If you choose to modify a theme, make a copy of it and change the copy, not the original. Apple warns that the originals can be replaced or modified during a software update. It is also suggested to start with the wireframe template located at:

/Library/Application/Support/Apple/WikiServer/Themes/wireframe.wikitheme/


Fig. 5: Setting up the default template, attachment size and data store in Web services in Server Admin


Fig. 6: Default blog interface


Fig. 7: Default wiki interface

Storage Considerations

Blog and wiki entries can contain more than just text. You will find users placing pictures, video and audio into their posts. When you estimate your storage needs, also consider using some form of shared storage, such as Xsan2, if you will want some type of failover or redundant environment for hosting wiki and blog services.

Active Directory Integration Considerations

It is possible to use AD users with wiki and blogs, but due to the fact that the wiki server uses CRAM-MD5 authentication, and the AD plug-in for Open Directory doesn't, you need to allow clear text passwords for wikid. This would be the case if you have your wiki server bound to AD and running as an OD master. Keep in mind that to protect your users, you should be running SSL on the site hosting the wiki.

To enable clear text passwords for wikid, use "serveradmin" to run the following commands:

sudo serveradmin settings teams:enableClearTextAuth = yes
?sudo serveradmin stop teams
?sudo serveradmin start teams

Additional Gotcha's

While Apache2 is the default webserver in Leopard Server, it is possible to use Apache 1.3. If you choose to do this be aware that you shouldn't use SSL, as it will produce pages with http:// rather than https://. With SSL disabled you lose a front-line security defense.

To disable blog service while maintaining wikis, go to Workgroup Manager (with Inspector enabled) and pick Groups from the pulldown menu. Find the ServicesLocator attribute and click the disclosure triangle. Delete the entry that ends with ":blog" and save the changes.

Conclusion

From my experience out in the field, wiki and blog services, collaboration services in general, have really pushed the adoption of Leopard Server. In the past I have found people hesitant to update their server OS early in the new OS cycle, but the collaboration services in Leopard have made people take the chance and become early adopters.

There is more to be learned about wiki and blog services and it is maturing quickly. I have seen direct Apple responses in various lists and discussions and that indicates to me that Apple is taking wiki and blog services very seriously. We will see more development from Apple and third parties. I expect to see new templates become available from the aftermarket much like what we saw with Keynote.

I also expect we will learn more about wiki and blog services, such as the tidbit I heard that you may not need to run it on a local OD Master, but simply doing a trusted bind between your wiki and blog server to an OD Master may be enough. I haven't tested it at the time of the writing of the article, but I expect it will work.

Please provide your feedback to me so I may include it in future articles. You can send the feedback to: ben@kadimac.com


Ben Greisler is a Certified Apple Consultant and Trainer based in the Philadelphia metro area. He consults and teaches nationally and is a regular speaker at MacWorld. He has worked on major Apple deployments both nationally and internationally for schools, government, and enterprise-level organizations.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

DesktopLyrics 2.6.6 - Displays current i...
DesktopLyrics is an application that displays the lyrics of the song currently playing in "iTunes" right on your desktop. The lyrics for the song have to be set in iTunes; DesktopLyrics does nothing... Read more
Ember 1.8.3 - Versatile digital scrapboo...
Ember (formerly LittleSnapper) is your digital scrapbook of things that inspire you: websites, photos, apps or other things. Just drag in images that you want to keep, organize them into relevant... Read more
Apple iTunes 12.1 - Manage your music, m...
Apple iTunes lets you organize and play digital music and video on your computer. It can automatically download new music, app, and book purchases across all your devices and computers. And it's a... Read more
LibreOffice 4.4.3 - Free, open-source of...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
FoldersSynchronizer 4.2.1 - Synchronize...
FoldersSynchronizer is a popular and useful utility that synchronizes and backs-up files, folders, disks and boot disks. On each session you can apply special options like Timers, Multiple Folders,... Read more
Simon 4.0.2 - Monitor changes and crashe...
Simon monitors websites and alerts you of crashes and changes. Select pages to monitor, choose your alert options, and customize your settings. Simon does the rest. Keep a watchful eye on your... Read more
Cocktail 8.1.2 - General maintenance and...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
Cyberduck 4.6.4 - FTP and SFTP browser....
Cyberduck is a robust FTP/FTP-TLS/SFTP browser for the Mac whose lack of visual clutter and cleverly intuitive features make it easy to use. Support for external editors and system technologies such... Read more
Herald 5.0.2 - Notification plugin for M...
Note: Versions 2.1.3 (for OS X 10.7), 3.0.6 (for OS X 10.8), and 4.0.8 (for OS X 10.9) are no longer supported by the developer. Herald is a notification plugin for Mail.app, Apple's Mac OS X email... Read more
DEVONthink Pro 2.8.3 - Knowledge base, i...
Save 10% with our exclusive coupon code: MACUPDATE10 DEVONthink Pro is your essential assistant for today's world, where almost everything is digital. From shopping receipts to important research... Read more

Playworld Superheroes Review
Playworld Superheroes Review By Tre Lawrence on January 30th, 2015 Our Rating: :: HERO CRAFTINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad It’s all about the imagination, fighting bad creatures — and looking good while doing so.   | Read more »
Join the SpongeBob Bubble Party in this...
Join the SpongeBob Bubble Party in this New Match 3 Bubble Poppin’ Frenzy Posted by Jessica Fisher on January 30th, 2015 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Handpick Review
Handpick Review By Jennifer Allen on January 30th, 2015 Our Rating: :: TANTALIZING SUGGESTIONSiPhone App - Designed for the iPhone, compatible with the iPad Handpick will make you hungry, as well as inspire you to cook something... | Read more »
Storm the Halls of Echo Base in First St...
Storm the Halls of Echo Base in First Star Wars: Galactic Defense Event Posted by Jessica Fisher on January 30th, 2015 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Contradiction Review
Contradiction Review By Tre Lawrence on January 30th, 2015 Our Rating: :: SPOT THE LIEiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Contradiction is a live action point and click adventure that’s pretty engaging.   Developer: Tim Follin... | Read more »
Unlock Sunshine Girl in Ironkill with th...
Unlock Sunshine Girl in Ironkill with this special 148Apps code Posted by Rob Rich on January 29th, 2015 [ permalink ] Robo-fighter Ironkill has been out on iOS a | Read more »
Crossroad Zombies Review
Crossroad Zombies Review By Jordan Minor on January 29th, 2015 Our Rating: :: CROSSWALKING DEADiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Crossroad Zombies is a rough draft of a cool genre mash-up.   | Read more »
Blood Brothers 2 – Tips, Cheats, and Str...
War is hell: Is it the kind of hell you want to check out? Read our Blood Brothers 2 review to find out! Blood Brothers 2, DeNA’s follow-up to the original Blood Brothers, is an intriguing card collecting / role-playing / strategy hybrid. There’s... | Read more »
Blood Brothers 2 Review
Blood Brothers 2 Review By Nadia Oxford on January 29th, 2015 Our Rating: :: AN AGGRAVATING RELATIVEUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Blood Brothers 2 is built on a simple, solid foundation, but its free-to-play system... | Read more »
I AM BREAD, the Toast of the Town, is Ro...
Have you ever dreamt of being deliciously gluten-y? Do you feel passionate about Rye and Wheat? The guys at Bossa Studios do and that is why they are bringing I AM BREAD to iOS soon. The loafy app will feature all the new content that is being... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Intel Aims to Transform Workplace With 5th-Ge...
Intel Corporation today announced the availability of its 5th generation Intel Core vPro processor family that provides cutting-edge features to enable a new and rapidly shifting workplace. To meet... Read more
iOS App Sharalike Introduces New Instant Smar...
Sharalike slideshow and photo management software for iOS, is making it easier than ever to create shareable meaningful moments with its new instant SmartShow technology. Staying organized is a goal... Read more
Apple Becomes World’s Largest Smartphone Vend...
According to the latest research data from Strategy Analytics, as global smartphone shipments grew 31 percent annually to reach a record 380 million units in the fourth quarter of 2014. Apple became... Read more
Cut the Cord: OtterBox Resurgence Power Case...
Dead batteries and broken phones are two of the biggest issues for smartphone users today. Otterbox addresses both with the new Resurgence Power Case for Apple iPhone 6, promising to make those panic... Read more
13-inch Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to...
B&H Photo has 13″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for $200 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 2.6GHz/128GB Retina MacBook Pro: $1199.99 save $100 - 13″ 2.6GHz/... Read more
15-inch 2.5GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for...
 B&H Photo has the 15″ 2.5GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for $2319.99 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $180 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this... Read more
Back in stock: Refurbished iPod nanos for $99...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 16GB iPod nanos available for $99 including free shipping and Apple’s standard one-year warranty. That’s $50 off the cost of new nanos. Most colors are... Read more
Apple lowers price on refurbished 256GB MacBo...
The Apple Store has lowered prices on Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 MacBook Airs with 256GB SSDs, now available for up to $200 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included... Read more
New Good Management Suite Simplifies Enterpri...
Good Technology has announced the availability of the Good Management Suite, a comprehensive cross-platform solution for organizations getting started with mobile business initiatives. Built on the... Read more
15-inch 2.0GHz Retina MacBook Pro (refurbishe...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished previous-generation 15″ 2.0GHz Retina MacBook Pros available for $1489 including free shipping plus Apple’s standard one-year warranty. Their price is... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant- Retail Sales (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Event Director, *Apple* Retail Marketing -...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global engagement strategy and team. Delivering an overarching brand Read more
At-Home Chat Specialist- *Apple* Online Stor...
**Job Summary** At Apple , we believe in hard work, a fun environment, and the kind of creativity and innovation that only comes about when talented people from diverse Read more
SW QA Engineer - *Apple* TV - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** The Apple TV team is looking for experienced Quality Assurance Engineers with a passion for delivering first in class home entertainment solutions. **Key Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions(US) - Ap...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you re also the Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.