TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Wiki Services in Leopard Server Overview

Volume Number: 24 (2008)
Issue Number: 07
Column Tag: Wiki

Wiki Services in Leopard Server Overview

A "fast" introduction to wiki and blog services in OS X Server for the SysAdmin

by Ben Greisler

Wiki Wiki!

"Quick! Quick!" That is the rough translation of "wiki wiki" from the Hawaiian language, and we can thank Ward Cunningham for its inclusion in our daily lives.

By providing a quick way for groups to collaborate, and individuals to speak out, wiki and blog technologies have grown in popularity very quickly, no pun intended. People have found their voice and companies have found an effective way to provide communications amongst their employees. Apple has fed this need by providing wiki and blog services in Mac OS X 10.5 Server. We will take a look at these services, discuss some features and considerations for deployment.

Wiki Planning and Setup

There are several prerequisites when setting up wiki and blog services on Leopard Server:

The first gotcha is that the machine hosting the service needs to have a local OD Master running on it. Note, though, that the machine can also be connected to another directory service, too.

You need to have a website set up to present your wiki info. Protect this site the same way you would any other site, such as VPN-only access, or by using SSL.

Plan your storage. As you may find your users storing a lot of data as attachments to their blogs and wikis, make sure you have an appropriate amount of storage set aside.

Each website can be enabled for wiki and blog services. In Server Admin, go to Web and then pick the site you wish to enable. From there you can chose which wiki and blog services you want to enable and if you want to restrict to certain individuals and groups. In Workgroup Manager, pick which Groups are to have wiki and blog services and enable them in the Basic tab.


Fig. 1: Setting up wiki and blog services in Server Admin


Fig. 2: Enabling wiki services for a group in Workgroup Manager

File Locations

Wiki content is stored in /Library/Collaboration (default) with the following specific locations:

Group's services:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/

Wiki page components:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/

Main text, html content:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/page.html

Metadata:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/page.plist

Version history database:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/revisions.db

Graphics:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/pagename.page/images/

Attachments:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/pagename.page/attachments/

Wiki folder structure:

# ls -l
total 8
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:56   ArchivedGroups
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   Groups
drwxr-x—   2    _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:56   Users
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   249   Apr   5   16:56   dataVersion.plist
# cd Groups/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   10_teamsserver   _teamsserver   340   Apr   5   16:59   wikigroup
# cd wikigroup/
# ls -l
total 24
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   discussion
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   16:59   index.db
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   mailinglist
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   432   Apr   5   16:59   metadata.plist
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   public
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   resources
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   weblog
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   wiki
# cd wiki/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   7   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   238   Apr   5   16:59   welcome.page
# cd welcome.page/
# ls -l
total 32
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   attachments
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   images
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   427   Apr   5   16:59   page.html
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   730   Apr   5   16:59   page.plist
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   16:59   revisions.db

Blog content is stored in /Library/Collaboration (default) with the following specific locations:

User's blog:

/Library/Collaboration/Users/(username)/

Blog folder structure:

# cd /Library/Collaboration/Users/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   8   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   272   Apr   5   17:09   wikiuser1
# cd wikiuser1/
# ls -l
total 24
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   discussion
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   17:09   index.db
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   479   Apr   5   17:10   metadata.plist
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   public
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   resources
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   weblog

Other files:

Note: These files may be overwritten during software updates and any modifications made in these directories might be nullified at that time.

Client side code:

/usr/share/collaboration/

Python code, help files, templates, etc:

/usr/share/wikid/

Wiki and Blog Security and Control

Being a web based technology, standard web security techniques can be used such as SSL. From the user control perspective you can control wiki access in the Web services list by placing the users and groups you want to allow. You can also use Service Access Control Lists (SACL's) from within Server Admin to determine which users and groups may or may not get access to blogs.

When enabling the group's access to web services in Workgroup Manger, you need to pick which website hosts the desired wiki, and then set the permissions for the group. There are pull-down menus for allowing who can edit the services and who can view then. The choices are:

Group members only: This will allow all users in the group access.

Some group members: Only group members with editing privileges can edit.

Authenticated users: Only users than can authenticate against the directory service.

Anyone: No authentication needed.


Fig. 3: Turn on SSL in Web services in Server Admin


Fig. 4: Setting up a Service Access Control List for blogs in Server Admin

Wiki Templates

Apple provides a set of themes and templates to provide a starting point for wikis and blogs. If you choose to modify a theme, make a copy of it and change the copy, not the original. Apple warns that the originals can be replaced or modified during a software update. It is also suggested to start with the wireframe template located at:

/Library/Application/Support/Apple/WikiServer/Themes/wireframe.wikitheme/


Fig. 5: Setting up the default template, attachment size and data store in Web services in Server Admin


Fig. 6: Default blog interface


Fig. 7: Default wiki interface

Storage Considerations

Blog and wiki entries can contain more than just text. You will find users placing pictures, video and audio into their posts. When you estimate your storage needs, also consider using some form of shared storage, such as Xsan2, if you will want some type of failover or redundant environment for hosting wiki and blog services.

Active Directory Integration Considerations

It is possible to use AD users with wiki and blogs, but due to the fact that the wiki server uses CRAM-MD5 authentication, and the AD plug-in for Open Directory doesn't, you need to allow clear text passwords for wikid. This would be the case if you have your wiki server bound to AD and running as an OD master. Keep in mind that to protect your users, you should be running SSL on the site hosting the wiki.

To enable clear text passwords for wikid, use "serveradmin" to run the following commands:

sudo serveradmin settings teams:enableClearTextAuth = yes
?sudo serveradmin stop teams
?sudo serveradmin start teams

Additional Gotcha's

While Apache2 is the default webserver in Leopard Server, it is possible to use Apache 1.3. If you choose to do this be aware that you shouldn't use SSL, as it will produce pages with http:// rather than https://. With SSL disabled you lose a front-line security defense.

To disable blog service while maintaining wikis, go to Workgroup Manager (with Inspector enabled) and pick Groups from the pulldown menu. Find the ServicesLocator attribute and click the disclosure triangle. Delete the entry that ends with ":blog" and save the changes.

Conclusion

From my experience out in the field, wiki and blog services, collaboration services in general, have really pushed the adoption of Leopard Server. In the past I have found people hesitant to update their server OS early in the new OS cycle, but the collaboration services in Leopard have made people take the chance and become early adopters.

There is more to be learned about wiki and blog services and it is maturing quickly. I have seen direct Apple responses in various lists and discussions and that indicates to me that Apple is taking wiki and blog services very seriously. We will see more development from Apple and third parties. I expect to see new templates become available from the aftermarket much like what we saw with Keynote.

I also expect we will learn more about wiki and blog services, such as the tidbit I heard that you may not need to run it on a local OD Master, but simply doing a trusted bind between your wiki and blog server to an OD Master may be enough. I haven't tested it at the time of the writing of the article, but I expect it will work.

Please provide your feedback to me so I may include it in future articles. You can send the feedback to: ben@kadimac.com


Ben Greisler is a Certified Apple Consultant and Trainer based in the Philadelphia metro area. He consults and teaches nationally and is a regular speaker at MacWorld. He has worked on major Apple deployments both nationally and internationally for schools, government, and enterprise-level organizations.

 
AAPL
$105.22
Apple Inc.
+0.39
MSFT
$46.13
Microsoft Corpora
+1.11
GOOG
$539.78
Google Inc.
-4.20

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

OS X Server 4.0 - For OS X 10.10 Yosemit...
Designed for OS X and iOS devices, OS X Server makes it easy to share files, schedule meetings, synchronize contacts, develop software, host your own website, publish wikis, configure Mac, iPhone,... Read more
TotalFinder 1.6.12 - Adds tabs, hotkeys,...
TotalFinder is a universally acclaimed navigational companion for your Mac. Enhance your Mac's Finder with features so smart and convenient, you won't believe you ever lived without them. Tab-based... Read more
BusyCal 2.6.3 - Powerful calendar app wi...
BusyCal is an award-winning desktop calendar that combines personal productivity features for individuals with powerful calendar sharing capabilities for families and workgroups. BusyCal's unique... Read more
calibre 2.7 - Complete e-library managem...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital... Read more
Skitch 2.7.3 - Take screenshots, annotat...
With Skitch, taking, annotating, and sharing screenshots or images is as fun as it is simple.Communicate and collaborate with images using Skitch and its intuitive, engaging drawing and annotating... Read more
Delicious Library 3.3.2 - Import, browse...
Delicious Library allows you to import, browse, and share all your books, movies, music, and video games with Delicious Library. Run your very own library from your home or office using our... Read more
Art Text 2.4.8 - Create high quality hea...
Art Text is an OS X application for creating high quality textual graphics, headings, logos, icons, Web site elements, and buttons. Thanks to multi-layer support, creating complex graphics is no... Read more
Live Interior 3D Pro 2.9.6 - Powerful an...
Live Interior 3D Pro is a powerful yet very intuitive interior designing application. View Video Tutorials It has every feature of Live Interior 3D Standard, plus some exclusive ones: Create multi... Read more
The Hit List 1.1.7 - Advanced reminder a...
The Hit List manages the daily chaos of your modern life. It's easy to learn - it's as easy as making lists. And it's powerful enough to let you plan, then forget, then act when the time is right.... Read more
jAlbum Pro 12.2.4 - Organize your digita...
jAlbum Pro has all the features you love in jAlbum, but comes with a commercial license. With jAlbum, you can create gorgeous custom photo galleries for the Web without writing a line of code!... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Rami Ismail Opens Up distribute​() for D...
Rami Ismail Opens Up distribute​() for Developers Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 24th, 2014 [ permalink ] Rami Ismail, Chief Executive of Business and Development at indie game studio | Read more »
Great Hitman GO Goes on Sale and Gets Ne...
Great Hitman GO Goes on Sale and Gets New Update – Say That Three Times Fast Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 24th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Rival Stars Basketball Review
Rival Stars Basketball Review By Jennifer Allen on October 24th, 2014 Our Rating: :: RESTRICTIVE BUT FUNUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Rival Stars Basketball is a fun mixture of basketball and card collecting but its... | Read more »
Rubicon Development Makes Over a Dozen o...
Rubicon Development Makes Over a Dozen of Their Games Free For This Weekend Only Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 24th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
I Am Dolphin Review
I Am Dolphin Review By Jennifer Allen on October 24th, 2014 Our Rating: :: NEARLY FIN-TASTICUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Swim around and eat nearly everything that moves in I Am Dolphin, a fun Ecco-ish kind of game... | Read more »
nPlayer looks to be the ultimate choice...
Developed by Newin Inc, nPlayer may seem like your standard video player – but is aiming to be the best in its field by providing high quality video play performance and support for a huge number of video formats and codecs. User reviews include... | Read more »
Fighting Fantasy: Caverns of the Snow Wi...
Fighting Fantasy: Caverns of the Snow Witch Review By Jennifer Allen on October 24th, 2014 Our Rating: :: CLASSY STORYTELLINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Fighting Fantasy: Caverns of the Snow Witch is a sterling... | Read more »
A Few Days Left (Games)
A Few Days Left 1.01 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $3.99, Version: 1.01 (iTunes) Description: Screenshots are in compliance to App Store's 4+ age rating! Please see App Preview for real game play! **Important: Make... | Read more »
Toca Boo (Education)
Toca Boo 1.0.2 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0.2 (iTunes) Description: BOO! Did I scare you!? My name is Bonnie and my family loves to spook! Do you want to scare them back? Follow me and I'll... | Read more »
Intuon (Games)
Intuon 1.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.1 (iTunes) Description: Join the battle with your intuition in a new hardcore game Intuon! How well do you trust your intuition? Can you find a needle in a... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Weekend sale: 13-inch 128GB MacBook Air for $...
Best Buy has the 2014 13-inch 1.4GHz 128GB MacBook Air on sale for $849.99, or $150 off MSRP, on their online store. Choose free home shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Price valid... Read more
Nimbus Note Cross=Platform Notes Utility
Nimbus Note will make sure you never forget or lose your valuable data again. Create and edit notes, save web pages, screenshots and any other type of data – and share it all with your friends and... Read more
NewerTech’s Snuglet Makes MagSafe 2 Power Con...
NewerTech has introduced the Snuglet, a precision-manufactured ring designed to sit inside your MagSafe 2 connector port, providing a more snug fit to prevent your power cable from unintentional... Read more
Apple Planning To Sacrifice Gross Margins To...
Digitimes Research’s Jim Hsiao says its analysts believe Apple is planning to sacrifice its gross margins to save its tablet business, which has recently fallen into decline. They project that Apple’... Read more
Who’s On Now? – First Instant-Connect Search...
It’s nighttime and your car has broken down on the side of the highway. You need a tow truck right away, so you open an app on your iPhone, search for the closest tow truck and send an instant... Read more
13-inch 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $949,...
Best Buy has the 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pro available for $949.99 on their online store. Choose free shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Their price is $150 off MSRP. Price is... Read more
Save up to $125 on Retina MacBook Pros
B&H Photo has the new 2014 13″ and 15″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to $125 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. They’ll also include free copies of Parallels... Read more
Apple refurbished Time Capsules available sta...
The Apple Store has certified refurbished Time Capsules available for up to $60 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each Time Capsule, and shipping is free: - 2TB Time Capsule: $255... Read more
Textilus New Word, Notes and PDF Processor fo...
Textilus is new word-crunching, notes, and PDF processor designed exclusively for the iPad. I haven’t had time to thoroughly check it out yet, but it looks great and early reviews are positive.... Read more
WD My Passport Pro Bus-Powered Thunderbolt RA...
WD’s My Passport Pro RAID solution is powered by an integrated Thunderbolt cable for true portability and speeds as high as 233 MB/s. HighlightsOverviewSpecifications Transfer, Back Up And Edit In... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant - Apple Inc. (U...
…important role that the ASC serves is that of providing an excellent Apple Customer Experience. Responsibilities include: * Promoting Apple products and solutions Read more
Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Project Manager / Business Analyst, WW *Appl...
…a senior project manager / business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Fulfillment Operations and the Business Process Re-engineering team. This role will work Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.