TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Running NAG F95 on a Mac

Volume Number: 20 (2004)
Issue Number: 6
Column Tag: Programming

Running NAG F95 on a Mac

by Peter Amerl

Was Newton's Apple a Macintosh?

The Measurement Scales Uncovered

With OS X, Apple unleashed a new tool upon the computing community that even Sir Isaac Newton would have been proud to use. Who knows, maybe he would have belonged to those in scientific computing who prefer to use the Unix command line interface, and the X windows interface. Or, maybe he would have liked the slick Mac interface, and its newly found flexibility. Either way, most scientific programmers whom I know (including myself) tend to use the command line interface since their input and output data are weighed in hundreds of mega bytes, and the code often massages and stores the reduced data, thus requiring only a very basic interface. Furthermore, coding for those in science is a means to an end (fame and fortune). Often it is necessary for scientific code to be portable, permitting development on the Mac while enabling compilation on the latest Teraflop Cray, or super cluster. This leads to my criteria for the evaluation of the NAG compiler:

  • A streamlined coding environment

  • a good syntax checker

  • an intuitive and easy to use debugger

  • compiler optimization options

  • options to enforce standards compliance

The bulk of scientific computing is performed using two languages: C, and Fortran. Although C has evolved over the past decades with many new scientific libraries, abstraction layers in C++ simplifying the coding process, it is not always the best choice for scientific computing. Many solved computational problems are available on web sites such as http://www.netlib.org. A good fraction of these routines are coded using one of the Fortran flavors. Consequently, the language is likely to remain a scientific favorite for some time. The selection of third party Fortran compilers available for OS X is quite limited, and unfortunately, a good open source compiler for F90 or F95 is not available to date. Current third party contenders such as NAG F95, IBM XL Fortran, and Absoft ProFortran support compilation of source code for the F77, F90, and F95 standards. This review will discuss the NAG compiler for Mac OS X.

Experiences with the NAG Fortran 95 Compiler

The Nag F95 compiler has a multitude of features, such as automatic file preconnection, IEEE 754 support, automatic garbage collection, memory tracing, undefined variable detection, a random number generator that is seeded based on the time of day, etc.. Yet this is all material that can be obtained from the usual propaganda sheets. Once I had the NAG compiler installed and functioning, the fun started. The compiler options are just what one would expect from a Un*x style Fortran compiler. The following options set it apart from other compilers. It can provide compilation feedback that is color-coded, so that compiler warnings, errors, and informational messages are displayed using different colors. This makes it easier to scan the resulting output for compilation problems. Support for conformance checking is included, although apparently only for the Fortran 95 standard. This conformance checking can be performed in the following ways: the compiler can provide warning messages on the use of extensions to Fortran, syntax that was deleted in the transition to F95, and obsolete syntax and commands. One superb feature that NAG provides with its Fortran compilers is runtime garbage collection that can be enabled with "-gc" during the link phase. In the past, the automatic garbage collection has saved me valuable system resources when a routine repetitively needed to allocate and deallocate a number of large dynamic arrays.

The compiler also accepts, and checks HPF directives, but unfortunately does not compile them into the executable. Through the lack of AltiVec (a.k.a. Velocity Engine) library support, it is clear that NAG created the compiler to serve as a general-purpose, platform independent tool. Mac G4 and G5 users must create wrapper functions in C++ to take advantage of the AltiVec routines, a situation that is less than ideal for those looking for Velocity Engine performance improvements. On the other hand, the lack of these additional functions makes the NAG compiler a good (foolproof) compiler to use for porting code to other platforms. An integrated development environment is not provided with the compiler, further gearing the compiler to command-line or emacs jocks (such as myself). At the time of this writing, the compiler was not designed to work with Xcode. This omission may not be a serious stumbling block as NAG does supply its own graphical debugger, upsf95, derived from the open source ups debugger. Information about it can be found at http://ups.sourceforge.net. I found the debugger to work much like graphical implementations of gdbg. For people with dual processor systems, a more serious omission is the lack of parallel processing support.

I suspect that the NAG compiler is still showing some teething pains. Upon installing the compiler on two systems, a dual G5 running Panther and a G3 running Jaguar, I immediately ran into trouble. On the G5, the compiler could not compile a "Hello World" program. Using the "ieee=full" compilation flag changed the executable favorably, but did not entirely fix the problem. In all fairness, I later found that the error occurred every time I compiled as the OEM user after allowing the system to go to sleep. On the G3 with OS X 10.2.8, the code would not compile under the OEM user. Magically, the problems disappeared when I created a non-administrative user account to compile and execute programs. It is possible the problems were caused by other software packages installed on both computers. After the initial frustration, the compiler ran smoothly. I could even compile and execute about 13000 lines of scientific Fortran 90 code originally destined for the SGI platform without problems.

The Bottom Line

Pros:

The compiler functioned well once its quirks were resolved. To me, the debugger felt much like a graphical version of "gdb" and was very usable. The compiler optimized the code noticeably well considering its lack of AltiVec support. The color-coded compilation messages are an excellent touch, and of great benefit to command line compilation. Most important to me, the garbage collection, and cross-platform compatibility functioned superbly.

Cons:

The lack of an IDE or Xcode compatibility forces the user to rely on other editors. Also missing is the ability to compile code for parallel processing. It appears that on some systems, the compiler can potentially act somewhat capriciously. Fortunately, using a non-administrative account with no additional software or haxies installed fixed code generation problems for me.

Recommendations

For anyone who has a favorite editor, and prefers to use make files, this compiler will be worthwhile. If Xcode integration is desired, the NAG F95 compiler is not the tool to use. Perhaps, with properly placed suggestions from users, NAG will support Xcode development in a future release. If you are looking for cross platform compatibility you will most likely also be well served. Before using the compiler I suggest the creating a clean user account. Once this is accomplished, run the compiler from within that account. In any case, this is an excellent practice for computer security.

In Closing

Regardless of the compiler and operating system, the Apple Macintosh would not have been suitable for Sir Isaac Newton. It would likely have rendered him unconscious, or worse, as it fell on his head. Who knows, we might not know about gravity, or calculus, without Newton's contributions. Although most students would be much happier without these, it would also make present day computers unlikely.


Peter Amerl is a PhD physicist who has been coding scientific data reduction routines, and charged particle trajectory simulations for scientific instruments using Fortran 90 and 95 since 1996. Peter started his computing experience in 1982 with the Apple II+, eventually graduating to the Mac+. For a time of about seven years, he turned to the dark side until 1994, when the stability of Linux caught his eye. This fairytale continued until a wondrous discovery - OS X. Now Peter happily codes scientific routines on a G5.

 
AAPL
$108.00
Apple Inc.
+1.02
MSFT
$46.95
Microsoft Corpora
+0.90
GOOG
$559.08
Google Inc.
+8.77

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Vitamin-R 2.20b1 - Personal productivity...
Vitamin-R creates the optimal conditions for your brain to work at its best by structuring your work into short bursts of distraction-free, highly focused activity alternating with opportunities for... Read more
Dropbox 2.10.44 - Cloud synchronization...
Dropbox is an application that creates a special Finder folder that automatically syncs online and between your computers. It allows you to both backup files and keep them up-to-date between systems... Read more
Sandvox 2.9.2 - Easily build eye-catchin...
Sandvox is for Mac users who want to create a professional looking website quickly and easily. With Sandvox, you don't need to be a Web genius to build a stylish, feature-rich, standards-compliant... Read more
Cocktail 8.0.1 - General maintenance and...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
LibreOffice 4.3.3.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
VMware Fusion 7.0.1 - Run Windows apps a...
VMware Fusion allows you to create a Virtual Machine on your Mac and run Windows (including Windows 8.1) and Windows software on your Mac. Run your favorite Windows applications alongside Mac... Read more
OneNote 15.3.2 - Free digital notebook f...
OneNote is your very own digital notebook. With OneNote, you can capture that flash of genius, that moment of inspiration, or that list of errands that's too important to forget. Whether you're at... Read more
Audio Hijack Pro 2.11.4 - Record and enh...
Audio Hijack Pro drastically changes the way you use audio on your computer, giving you the freedom to listen to audio when you want and how you want. Record and enhance any audio with Audio Hijack... Read more
Iridient Developer 3.0.0 beta 3 - Powerf...
Iridient Developer (was RAW Developer) is a powerful image conversion application designed specifically for OS X. Iridient Developer gives advanced photographers total control over every aspect of... Read more
TextWrangler 4.5.11 - Free general purpo...
TextWrangler is the powerful general purpose text editor, and Unix and server administrator's tool. Oh, and also, like the best things in life, it's free. TextWrangler is the "little brother" to... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Monster Flash Review
Monster Flash Review By Jordan Minor on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: ALONE IN THE DARKUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Solid shooting and a surprising amount of spooky tension make Monster Flash a great portable... | Read more »
Retry Review
Retry Review By Rob Thomas on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: SOARING HIGHUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Flappy who? Let Retry wash all those bad bird-related memories away on a cool retro-flavored flight… right... | Read more »
Dementia: Book of the Dead Review
Dementia: Book of the Dead Review By Lee Hamlet on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: A TOUGH READUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad A witch hunter is sent after a demonic book in the spooky but short-lived Dementia: Book... | Read more »
Card Dungeon, the Semi-Board Game Roguel...
Card Dungeon, the Semi-Board Game Roguelike, Has Been Renovated Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 31st, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Logitech Protection + Power iPhone5/5S C...
Made by: Logitech Price: $99.99 Hardware/iOS Integration Rating: 3 out of 5 stars Usability Rating: 0.5 out of 5 stars Reuse Value Rating: 0.75 out of 5 stars Build Quality Rating: 0.75 out of 5 stars Overall Rating: 1.25 out of 5 stars | Read more »
This Is Not a Test Goes Free, Permanentl...
This Is Not a Test Goes Free, Permanently Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 31st, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Swap Heroes Review
Swap Heroes Review By Campbell Bird on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: STRATEGIC SWAPPINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Rotate a cast of heroes to fend of waves of monsters in this difficult, puzzle rpg.   | Read more »
Night Sky Pro™ (Reference)
Night Sky Pro™ 3.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Reference Price: $2.99, Version: 3.0.1 (iTunes) Description: Night Sky Pro™Wonder No More™ Night Sky Pro™ is the ultimate stargazing experience. From the creators of the original... | Read more »
Audio Defence : Zombie Arena (Games)
Audio Defence : Zombie Arena 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: A zombie shooter audio game. Made from gut-wrenching 3D binaural sound, for a new kind of weird immersion. You... | Read more »
RPG Asdivine Hearts (Games)
RPG Asdivine Hearts 1.1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $3.99, Version: 1.1.0 (iTunes) Description: SPECIAL PRICE50% OFF (USD 7.99 -> USD 3.99)!!! Travel alongside four companions and a cat in the adventure of a... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple now offering refurbished 2014 13-inch R...
The Apple Store is now offering Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 13″ Retina MacBook Pros for up to $270 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and... Read more
Apple Regains Momentum As Windows Stutters An...
The latest smartphone sales data from Kantar Worldpanel ComTech, for the three months to March 2014, shows Apple performing strongly in the first quarter of the year, with sales bouncing back in... Read more
Worldwide Smartphone Shipments Increase 25.2%...
New smartphone releases and an increased emphasis on emerging markets drove global smartphone shipments above 300 million units for the second consecutive quarter, according to preliminary data from... Read more
Apple now offering refurbished 2014 15-inch M...
The Apple Store is now offering Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros for up to $400 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and... Read more
Apple drops prices on refurbished 2013 Retina...
The Apple Store has dropped prices on 2013 Apple Certified Refurbished 13″ and 15″ Retina MacBook Pros, with Retina models now available starting at $999. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and... Read more
New 2.8GHz Mac mini on sale for $949, save $5...
Abt Electronics has the new 2.8GHz Mac mini in stock and on sale for $949.05 including free shipping. Their price is $50 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this model from any reseller... Read more
Sale! 3.7GHz Quad Core Mac Pro available for...
 B&H Photo has the 3.7GHz Quad Core Mac Pro on sale for $2649 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $350 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price for this model from any... Read more
Mujjo Steps Up The Game With Refined Touchscr...
Netherlands based Mujjo have just launched their Refined Touchscreen Gloves, stepping up their game. The gloves feature a updated elegant design that takes these knitted gloves to the next level. A... Read more
Sale! Preorder the new 27-inch 5K iMac for $2...
 Abt Electronics has the new 27″ 3.5GHz 5K iMac on sale and available for preorder for $2374.05 including free shipping. Their price is $125 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this... Read more
Simplex Solutions Inc. Brings Secure Web Surf...
New York based Simplex Solutions Inc. has announced the release and immediate availability of Private Browser 1.0, its revolutionary new secure web browser developed for iPhone, iPad and iPod touch... Read more

Jobs Board

Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** Every day, business customers come to the Apple Store to discover what powerful, easy-to-use Apple products can do for them. As a Business Leader, Read more
Sr. Manager, *Apple* Deployment Programs fo...
**Job Summary** Apple is seeking candidates for a new position on the Education Content and Technology team. iPad and Mac is in the hands of millions of teachers and Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple I...
…important role that the ASC serves is that of providing an excellent Apple Customer Experience. Responsibilities include: * Promoting Apple products and solutions Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple I...
…important role that the ASC serves is that of providing an excellent Apple Customer Experience. Responsibilities include: * Promoting Apple products and solutions Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple I...
…important role that the ASC serves is that of providing an excellent Apple Customer Experience. Responsibilities include: * Promoting Apple products and solutions Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.