TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Installing Mac OS 9 Volume Number: 16 (2000)
Issue Number: 8
Column Tag: Mac OS X

Installing Mac OS 9, OS X and X Server on a G3 Laptop

By Andrew C. Stone

During these hybrid times, Macintosh developers are concurrently developing software for Mac OS 9, Mac OS X, Mac OS X Server and Darwin. I realized it would be optimal to allow my 1 year old and hopelessly out of date WallStreet G3 laptop to boot off of any of these systems, without dragging around an external hard disk. It's possible to do this, but you have to be careful about the order of installation and the order and size of partitions. With some tips from Joe Keenan from Apple, I was able to accomplish the install without too much trouble. This article will go over the process step by step, with tips and tricks along the way.

Step 1. Make a partitioning plan for your internal hard disk.

The most important step is for you to determine how you want to carve up your disk. If you consider the fact that new versions of OS X are coming out fairly regularly, then the partition devoted to OS X should not contain any vital source or "permanent" files. Since Mac OS 9 is stable, you might consider that partition as the place to keep important files and data. You'll want at least 3 HFS extended partitions.

If your disk is larger than 8 gigabytes and your laptop has the "Old world ROM" (WallStreet and earlier models), you'll need to squeeze the operating systems onto the first 8 gigs. Old World machines did not implement the necessary standard for doing ATA block reads past 8GB, so all boot partitions must begin before 8GB. You might consider making a large forth or fifth partition of the remaining disk space if you have a large capacity hard drive.

Because the newer boot loader that comes with X can boot either OS X or OS X Server, while the Server boot loader cannot load X, you have to install X on a partition before Server. Since you need a Mac OS 9 partition to run various USB devices at the time of this writing and the boot chooser "System Disk" runs as a Mac OS 9 System Extension, 9 needs to be installed on the first partition. This will allow you to boot with the option key down and select one of the various operating systems from which to boot.

So, on an 8 gig drive, you might divide it up into 3 equal partitions of about 2.6 gigs each, and install Mac OS 9 on the first partition, Mac OS X on the second, and Mac OS X Server 1.2 on the third. Because Darwin 1.0 is based on the exact same code as OS X, you'll be able to build and tinker with Darwin on the OS X partition beginning with Developer Preview 4.

NOTE - if you have trouble with any of these steps, you might try hooking a SCSI disk to your laptop. I noticed that booting off of the CDs sometimes hung, but when the external SCSI disk was connected, it had no trouble booting.

Be sure you have the following Apple CDs, or later versions where applicable:

  • Mac OS 9
  • Mac OS X Install CD
  • Mac OS X Server 1.2
  • DeveloperCD

Step 2. Partition the hard disk and Install Mac OS 9

Warning! Following these instructions will completely wipe clean your PowerBook! Be sure to back up everything to an external disk or network.

A. Insert the Mac OS 9 CD. Premium and Select Developers received OS 9 in October 1999's monthly mailing.

B. Boot off the CD by holding down the C key while booting. If that doesn't work, try holding down the option key! If that fails, reset the Parameter Ram by holding down Option-Command-P-R while rebooting. You'll hear a second start up bong which indicates that the old settings have been reset to defaults.

If you plan to install Linux as a fourth operating system, you'll need to learn the command line tool "pdisk", which lets you partition the disk and assign non-Apple types to each partition. Moreover, you can erase certain partitions without destroying the data on the others. Otherwise, you can get by using the GUI application "Drive Setup" provided by Apple in Utilities/Drive Setup ü on Mac OS 9.

C. Partition your hard disk

a. Start the Drive Setup application to partition your disk according to your plan.

b. Select the Internal Drive (ATA 0 0 0)

c. Click "Initialize"

d. Click "Customize"

e. Choose the number of partitions you desire, such as "3 Partitions" from the pop up button

f. Click in the area which represents the 3 partitions and resize each to your desired plan

g. Choose HFS Extended (HFS+) as the file system type for each of these partitions

h. Click "Initialize" and "OK"

D. Double-click "Mac OS Install" and click away until you can select the partition to install Mac OS 9 on - choose the first partition and click install.

E. Reboot and remove Mac OS 9 CD.

Step 3. Install Mac OS X onto the second partition

A. Insert Mac OS X Install CD

B. In order to switch between operating system, you'll need to install the System Disk Utilities.

Copy the application System Disk in Mac OS X Install CD/Utilities/System Disk Utilities/ to the recently installed Mac OS 9 disk.

C. Double-click Install Mac OS X application

a. This will put up a panel that explains the reboot into OS X - click "Continue"

b. After rebooting, the installer gets loaded, click Continue, Agree, OK...

c. Choose the second partition and click all the OK's

d. OS X will get installed, and then will auto reboot

D. The Assistant's Set Up module automatically appears so you can configure your computer

Just like in OS X Server, you can configure the following:

  • keyboard, root password, Web, Quicktime Streaming and Apple File servers
  • ethernet ports, hostname, router, inet mask, IP address,use NetInfo
  • remote login, time zone, time, server configurations, accounts, auto login

You can always come back to these via /System/Administration/Assistant.app -> Set Up Assistant

Click restart to test your network connectivity and have these changes take effect.

E. Install user applications. Check www.omnigroup.com, www.stone.com, etc. for the latest!

G. Remove Mac OS X Install CD

Step 4. Install Mac OS X Server 1.2 onto the third partition

A. Insert Mac OS X Server 1.2 CD

B. Boot off of the CD or Mac OS 9 partition

C. Double-click the Install Mac OS X Server application

a. Choose your installation language: English, French, German, Japanese.

b. You'll get a panel - "Mac OS X Server cannot be installed on this computer"

c. Choose Special->Configurations

d. Click the check box "Allow installation on unsupported configurations" and "OK".

e. Click a bunch of Ok's and "I Agree".

f. Select the third partition, and OK, OK.

g. The install continues and then auto reboots

D. The Assistant's Set Up module automatically appears so you can configure your computer

Just like in OS X Server, you can configure the following:

  • keyboard, root password, Web, Quicktime Streaming and Apple File servers
  • ethernet ports, hostname, router, inet mask, IP address,use NetInfo
  • remote login, time zone, time, server configurations, accounts, auto login

You can always come back to these via /System/Administration/Assistant.app -> Set Up Assistant

Click restart to test your network connectivity and have these changes take effect.

E. Remove the Mac OS X Server 1.2 CD as the computer reboots.

F. Install the Developer software

a. login as 'root'

b. Insert the DeveloperCD

c. Install WebObjects and Development Tools: launch Installer.app by double-clicking WebObjectsDeveloper.mpkg

d. Remove the DeveloperCD

e. Insert the Mac OS X Server 1.2 CD

f. This is important - WebObjects 4.0 "writes over" some upgraded files in Server 1.2, therefore, you'll need to install this on top of the Developer install. Double-click the 'UpdateWO4.0_Developer.mpkg' in /Mac_OS_X_Server_1.2/System/Installation/Packages/

g. Click Install

h. Remove the Mac OS X Server 1.2 CD

G. Install user applications. Check www.omnigroup.com, www.stone.com, www.stepwise.com, etc. for the latest! A suite of web design tools is available at: ftp://ftp.cs.unm.edu/pub/stone/MacOSX/StoneWebTools.1.4.m.P.b.tar.gz

Conclusion

Being a freewheeling and footloose cross-platform developer is a tricky but obtainable goal. Turning your G3 laptop into a multi-OS boot machine is a worthwhile endeavor for mobile development and remote demos, and it really impresses the Windoze users in the airplane seats next to you!


Andrew Stone <andrew@stone.com> is the chief executive haquer at Stone Design Corp <http://www.stone.com/> and divides his time between raising children, llamas & cane and writing applications for Mac OS X and playing with Darwin.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Apple iOS 11.2.6 - The latest version of...
iOS 11 sets a new standard for what is already the world’s most advanced mobile operating system. It makes iPhone better than before. It makes iPad more capable than ever. And now it opens up both to... Read more
EtreCheck 4.0.3 - For troubleshooting yo...
EtreCheck is an app that displays the important details of your system configuration and allow you to copy that information to the Clipboard. It is meant to be used with Apple Support Communities to... Read more
Opera 51.0.2830.34 - High-performance We...
Opera is a fast and secure browser trusted by millions of users. With the intuitive interface, Speed Dial and visual bookmarks for organizing favorite sites, news feature with fresh, relevant content... Read more
ffWorks 1.0.6 - Convert multimedia files...
ffWorks (was iFFmpeg), focused on simplicity, brings a fresh approach to the use of FFmpeg, allowing you to create ultra-high-quality movies without the need to write a single line of code on the... Read more
Adobe Photoshop CC 2018 19.1.1 - Profess...
Photoshop CC 2018 is available as part of Adobe Creative Cloud for as little as $19.99/month (or $9.99/month if you're a previous Photoshop customer). Adobe Photoshop CC 2018, the industry standard... Read more
Google Chrome 64.0.3282.167 - Modern and...
Google Chrome is a Web browser by Google, created to be a modern platform for Web pages and applications. It utilizes very fast loading of Web pages and has a V8 engine, which is a custom built... Read more
Adobe Acrobat Reader 18.011.20035 - View...
Adobe Acrobat Reader allows users to view PDF documents. You may not know what a PDF file is, but you've probably come across one at some point. PDF files are used by companies and even the IRS to... Read more
Adobe Acrobat 18.011.20035 - Powerful PD...
Acrobat DC is available only as a part of Adobe Creative Cloud, and can only be installed and/or updated through Adobe's Creative Cloud app. Adobe Acrobat DC with Adobe Document Cloud services is... Read more
Yummy FTP Pro 2.0 - $29.99
Yummy FTP Pro is an advanced Mac file transfer app which provides a full-featured professional toolkit combined with blazing speeds and impeccable reliability, so whether you want to transfer a few... Read more
WebSnapperPro 2.0.5 - $20.00
WebSnapperPro lets you capture full web pages exactly as they appear in your browser, with a single mouse click, without the need to "stitch" or cut-and-paste. Save the page as an image file or as... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Check out these 5 games that are a lot l...
So you're in love with Minecraft, but you're looking for something else to play as well? You've come to the right place then, because this list is all about games that are a bit like Minecraft. Some of them, more than others. [Read more] | Read more »
Our top 5 characters from casual RPG Cre...
Creature Quest definitely lives up to its name with a host of collectible creatures based on fantasy tales and world mythologies. To celebrate Creature Quest’s first birthday, we’re going to lay out what we think are the five best characters in the... | Read more »
Around the Empire: What have you missed...
Did you know that Steel Media has a whole swathe of other sites dedicated to all aspects of mobile gaming? Sure you'll get the very best iPhone news, reviews, and opinions right here at 148Apps, but we don't want you missing out on a single piece... | Read more »
All the best games on sale for iPhone an...
Oh hi there, and welcome to our round-up of the best games that are currently on sale for iPhone and iPad. You thought I didn't see you there, did you, skulking behind the bushes? Trust me though, the bushes aren't where the best deals are. The... | Read more »
The Battle of Polytopia Guide - How to H...
A new update just released for The Battle of Polytopia (formerly Super Tribes), which introduces online multiplayer. For all the fans of Midjiwan’s lite take on Civilization, this is certainly welcome news, but playing online isn’t as easy and... | Read more »
Here are the very best mobile games to p...
It's Valentine's Day! Did you get loads of cards and chocolates and other tacky, simple expressions of human affection? Did you send out tat because you find it almost impossible to express emotion unless there's a section dedicated to it at your... | Read more »
Florence (Games)
Florence 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Florence is an interactive storybook from the award-winning lead designer of Monument Valley about the heart-racing highs and... | Read more »
Purrfect Date (Games)
Purrfect Date 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Cats are a lil’ like marmite. Either you absolutely head-over-heels love’ em, or… nahhh, who are we kidding?! Everyone... | Read more »
More monsters to collect and evolve in C...
A laid-back mix of RPG and TCG, Creature Quest is all about building your deck, evolving your creatures and winning in battle. It’s the creation of VC Mobile, set up by Might and Magic producer Jon Van Caneghem. There are elements of that classic... | Read more »
Check out this awesome hands-on with the...
Well, PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds has come out on mobile. This isn't a clone, this isn't a riff on the battleroyale mechanics of the game, it's the official mobile port by Tencent. But there's a little bit of a hitch. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

B&H offers $200 discount on Silver 15″ Ma...
B&H Photo has Silver 15″ Apple MacBook Pros on sale for $200 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges sales tax for NY & NJ residents only: – 15″ 2.8GHz Touch Bar MacBook Pro Silver (... Read more
12″ Apple iPad Pro Sale of the Year! Models u...
B&H Photo has 12″ #iPad Pros on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges sales tax in NY & NJ only: – 12″ 64GB WiFi iPad Pro: $719 $80 off MSRP – 12″ 256GB WiFi... Read more
Deals on 32GB 9″ iPads: Up to $50 off MSRP, s...
B&H Photo has 2017 9.7″ 32GB iPads on sale for $299 including free shipping plus NY & NJ sales tax only. Their price is $30 off MSRP, and it’s currently the lowest price available for these... Read more
15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro available for o...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pros available for $1699. That’s $300 off MSRP for this model, and it’s the lowest price available for a 15″ MacBook Pro currently offered by... Read more
13″ 3.1GHz/256GB Silver Touch Bar MacBook Pro...
Amazon has the Silver 13″ 3.1GHz/256GB Touch Bar MacBook Pro (MPXX2LL/A) on sale for $1649.99 including free shipping. Their price is $150 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for a new 13″... Read more
Saturday Sale: Amazon offers 13″ 1.8GHz/256GB...
Amazon has the 13″ 1.8GHz/256B Apple MacBook Air on sale today for $250 off MSRP including free shipping: – 13″ 1.8GHz/256GB MacBook Air (MQD42LL/A): $949.99, $250 off MSRP Their price is the lowest... Read more
Roundup of Apple Certified Refurbished 12″ Ma...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2017 12″ Retina MacBooks available for $200-$240 off the cost of new models. Apple will include a standard one-year warranty with each MacBook, and shipping is free.... Read more
Apple offers Certified Refurbished 10″ and 12...
Apple is now offering Certified Refurbished 2017 10″ and 12″ iPad Pros for $100-$190 off MSRP, depending on the model. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free: –... Read more
Apple Canada offers Certified Refurbished Mac...
 Canadian shoppers can save up to $560 on the purchase of a 2017 current-generation MacBook Pro, MacBook, or MacBook Air with Certified Refurbished models at Apple Canada. Apple’s refurbished prices... Read more
Sale! 13″ MacBook Airs for up to $180 off MSR...
B&H Photo has 13″ MacBook Airs on sale for $50-$120 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges sales tax for NY & NJ residents only: – 13″ 1.8GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MQD32LL/A): $899, $... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Store Leader - Retail District Manag...
Job Description:Job SummaryAs more and more people discover Apple , they visit our retail stores seeking ways to incorporate our products into their lives. It's your Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description:SalesSpecialist - Retail Customer Service and SalesTransform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description:SalesSpecialist - Retail Customer Service and SalesTransform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.