TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Nov 97 Challenge

Volume Number: 13 (1997)
Issue Number: 11
Column Tag: Programmer's Challenge

by Bob Boonstra, Westford, MA

Pente®

Reaching once again into the closet where we store board games, I found the game of Pente®, The board physically resembles the board used in GO, but the game strategies are simpler. Pente® is played by two players who alternate placing stones on a 19x19 grid. The objective is to win the game by getting five or more stones in a row or, alternatively, by capturing five or more pairs of your opponent's stones. Your Challenge is to write code that will play the game of Pente® and accumulate the most points (described below) in the minimum time. The prototype for the code you should write is:

typedef struct Capture {
  Point stone1;
  Point stone2;
} Capture;

void InitPente(
  long boardHalfSize        /* e.g., 9 for a 19x19 board */
                          /* all coordinates between -boardHalfSize
                          and +boardHalfSize */
);

void Pente(
  Point opponentsMove,    /* your opponent moved here */
  Boolean playingFirst,    /* ignore opponentMove */
  Point *yourMove,        /* return your move here */
  Capture claimCaptures[],  /* return coordinates of captured pairs here */
  long *numCaptures,      /* return number of claimCaptures here */
  Boolean *claimVictory    /* return true if you claim victory with this move */
);

void TermPente(void);        /* deallocate any dynamic storage */

Captures take place by bracketing two adjacent stones of your opponents. Given the position

---BWW---

... Black can capture the two White stones by playing ...

---BWWB--

... after which the two White stones are removed ...

---B B--

Captures can occur horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. Note that no capture occurs if White moves into the unoccupied square below:

---BW-B--

Multiple captures can occur on a single move. The game ends when one side captures five pairs of the opponent's stones, or when one side places five stones in a straight line, either horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. When one side obtains an unblocked row of four stones, called a tessera, a win is imminent. Therefore, an unblocked row of three stones, called a tria, is a serious threat that should be blocked unless a stronger offensive move exists. To neutralize the advantage that the first player has, the first player's second move is restricted to be three or more intersections away from the center of the board (i.e., the h and v coordinates of White's second move must both be greater than or equal to 3 in absolute value). At the start of the game, your InitPente routine (and that of your opponent) will be called with the half-width of the board in boardHalfSize (between 9 and 15, inclusive). The Pente routines will then be alternately called, providing the location of your opponentsMove (unless you are playingFirst). You should place a stone in an unoccupied location and return that location in yourMove. In addition, if your move captures any adjacent pairs of your opponent's stones, you should report the number of captures in numCaptures, and the locations of the captured pairs in claimCaptures. If your move results in victory, either by achieving 5 of your stones in a row, or a cumulative capture of 5 pairs of your opponent's stones, you should set claimVictory to true. At the end of the game, TermPente will be called, where you should deallocate any dynamically allocated storage. Board coordinates are expressed as distance from the center square in ordered (v,h) pairs, so that the center intersection is at (0,0), and the corners of the standard board are at (-9,-9), (-9,9), etc. At the end of the game, points will be awarded as follows: 5 points for the player who achieved 5 stones in a row 1 point for each capture 1 point for each distinct sequence of 4 stones in a row remaining on the board One point will be deducted for each second of execution time used during a player's turns, including the time taken by the InitPente and TermPente routines. Both the game winner and the game loser will accumulate points. It is possible to earn negative points. The Challenge winner will be the entry that accumulates the most points in a round-robin tournament of all entries, where each entry plays each other entry at least twice, half of the time playing first and half playing second. Your code may allocate up to 10MB of dynamic storage, including both explicit calls to NewPtr/malloc and allocation of dynamic objects. This will be a native PowerPC Challenge, using the latest CodeWarrior environment. Solutions may be coded in C, C++, or Pascal. Pente® is published by Pente Games, Inc.

Three Months Ago Winner

Congratulations to Peter Lewis (Perth, Australia) for submitting the winning entry to the Stratego Challenge. Peter's entry was a convincing winner in a tournament of the 5 entries submitted. The Stratego tournament consisted of 80 games, with each entry playing against each other entry 8 times, 4 times playing first and 4 times playing second. Peter's entry plays a very good game of Stratego, as evidenced by the fact that it won 30 of the 32 games it played. His algorithm, described in the commentary at the beginning of his code, includes aggressively attempting to capture weaker pieces, exploring with low ranking pieces of his own, running away from stronger pieces, exchanging pieces of equal rank, and advancing toward unknown pieces. Of the 30 games Peter's entry won, 10 were won by capturing the opponent's flag, and 19 were won by eliminating all of the pieces that the opponent could move. (The remaining win resulted from resignation of the opponent.) Several of the entries used delaying tactics in an attempt to take advantage of the scoring rules and force their opponent to earn negative points for a win. As discussed on the Challenge mailing list, I cut off games where one player took longer than 20 seconds, declared a tie, and awarded points (sometimes negative points) to each player. The table below lists the tournament results and point totals for each entry. The number in parentheses after the entrant's name is the total number of Challenge points earned in all Challenges to date prior to this one.

Name               Wins         Points     Code    Data     Language
Peter Lewis (37)    30          296.62    13436     310       C++
Dennis Jones        13           86.75     8632     414        C
Randy Boring (39)    5           58.68     5724     618        C
Ernst Munter (286)   9           29.45    12044    4072       C++
Tom Saxton (10)      7          -51.69     7320     460        C

Top 20 Contestants

Here are the Top Contestants for the Programmer's Challenge. The numbers below include points awarded over the 24 most recent contests, including points earned by this month's entrants.

  Rank       Name       Points    Rank         Name           Points
  1.    Munter, Ernst     200      11.   Antoniewicz, Andy      24
  2.    Gregg, Xan         63      12.   Picao, Miguel Cruz     21
  3.    Lewis, Peter       57      13.       Day, Mark          20
  4.    Cooper, Greg       54      14.    Higgins, Charles      20
  5.    Boring, Randy      41      15.     Studer, Thomas       20
  6.    Lengyel, Eric      40      16.       Saxton, Tom        17
  7.    Mallett, Jeff      30      17.      Gundrum, Eric       15
  8.    Murphy, ACC        30      18.        Hart, Alan        14
  9.    Nicolle, Ludovic   28      19     O'Connor, Turlough    14
  10.   Larsson, Gustav   27      20.       Karsh, Bill        12

There are three ways to earn points: (1) scoring in the top 5 of any Challenge, (2) being the first person to find a bug in a published winning solution or, (3) being the first person to suggest a Challenge that I use. The points you can win are:

1st place   20 points      5th place              2 points
2nd place   10 points      finding bug            2 points
3rd place    7 points      suggesting Challenge    2 points
4th place    4 points

Here is Peter's winning solution:

Challenge.cp

© 1997 Peter N Lewis

#define ASSERTIONS 0
#define DEBUG_RULES 0

#include Timer.h
#include stdlib.h
#include string.h

#include "Challenge.h"

/*
Author: Peter N Lewis

Assumptions:
Only time we spend thinking is counted against out 10 seconds (not time
in GetMove/ReportMove) 
[Actually, this assumption is not valid, but Peter won anyway. --Bob]
    
Method:
Basically we keep track of the board and what we know and what they know.
Each opponent piece has a bit map associated with it describing what pieces
it could be. As we see more pieces, the bit map is culled. If the piece
moves, the bomb & flag bits are removed. If we've seen all Scouts
(for example), then the Scout bit is removed from all remaining pieces. If
all but one bit is remvoed, then we know what the piece is.

At each turn, we simply apply a sequence of actions (listed below) and
take the first action that works. It does very little in the way of 
lookahead (it plans out a path, but doesn't remember it and doesn't take
it to account any movement by the opposition)

It keeps a CRC of recent board positions (since the last strike) and doesn't
replay any boards (we want to win, not draw!).

If we exceed 10 seconds thinking time, we resign. Not that this is particularly
likely, in the games I tried, it spend less than half a second total.

Optimizations:
  None.
  
Comment:
  It actually plays a half decent game! The end game is not as good as I'd
  like, but time is up!
*/

/*
USE SPY
  If our spy is next to their 1, kill it
  
DEFEND AGAINST SPY
  if we have seen the spy, ignore this case

  If an unknown piece is next to the 1, then run, attack, have another piece attack, 
  or ignore depending on a table

ATTACK WEAKER
  If a known piece is next to a weaker known piece, attack it except if it places 
  that piece in a dangerous location

EXPLORE ATTACK
  If a 6,7,9 is next to an unknown piece, attack it

RETREAT
  If a known piece is next to a stronger known piece, run away (preferably 
  towards something that can kill it or if it's lowly, towards an unknown piece)
    
SCOUT
  Try advancing scouts rapidly

ATTACK DISTANT
  If a known piece is distant, but a clear path leads a slightly better piece 
  towards it, advance the better piece (includes miners)

EXPLORE DISTANT
  Try exploring (advance lowly pieces towards unknown pieces)

ATTACK KNOWN WITH SAME DISTANT
  If a known piece can be attacked by a known identical piece, attack it
  
FIND FLAG
  When few unmoved pieces remain, start assuming they are bombs/flags

MOVE FORWARD
  Move any piece we can forward

MOVE
  Move any piece we can

RESIGN
  Give up
*/

#if ASSERTIONS

static void Assert( short must )
{
  if ( !must ) {
    DebugStr( "\pAssert failed!\n" );
  }
}

#else

#define Assert( must )

#endif

enum {
  kEmpty = kFlag+1,
  kWater,
  kMoved,        // fake rank for moved pieces
  kAddForRankish  // add this in for enemies when calculating the CRC
};

enum {
  kNoColor = 0
};

enum {
  kNoNothing = 0x00001FFE,
  kStationaryBits = ((1 << kBomb) | (1 << kFlag))
};

enum {
  kRepeatedBoards = 1000
};

typedef struct Square {
  PlayerColor color;
  PieceRank rank;
  UInt32 possibilities;
} Square;

typedef Square OurBoard[kBoardSize][kBoardSize];

typedef int Counts[kFlag+1];

typedef UInt32 BoardPossibilities[kBoardSize][kBoardSize];

typedef struct Storage {
  UInt32 total_time;
  UInt32 extra_time;
  OurBoard board;
  Counts our_pieces;
  Counts their_pieces;
  Boolean do_getmove;
  Boolean victory;
  Square blankSquare;
  PlayerColor playerColor;
  PlayerColor theirColor;
  BoardPossibilities dangers;
  BoardPossibilities known_dangers;
  UInt32 repeated_board[kRepeatedBoards];
  UInt32 repeated_board_count;
} Storage, *StoragePtr;

static char *board_setup[4] = { 
// 1 = Marshal, ..., 9 = Scout, : = Spy, ; = Bomb, < = Flag
  "8;<;67;7;7",
  "48;3862;89",
  "6359954865",
  "997159:499",
};

static char *start_piece_counts = "0112344458161";

static int dR[4] = { 1, 0, -1, 0 };
static int dC[4] = { 0, -1, 0, 1 };

#if ASSERTIONS

AssertValidBoard
static void AssertValidBoard( StoragePtr storage )
{
  int piece;
  int count1 = 0;
  int count2 = 0;
  int row, col;
  
  for ( piece = kMarshall; piece <= kFlag; piece++ ) {
    count1 += storage->their_pieces[piece];
  }

  for ( row = 0; row < kBoardSize; row++ ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( storage->board[row][col].color == storage->theirColor
          && storage->board[row][col].rank == kUnknown ) {
        count2++;
      }
    }
  }
  
  Assert( count1 == count2 );
}

#else

#define AssertValidBoard( storage )

#endif

PositionPieces
void PositionPieces(
 void *privStorage,        /* 1MB of preinitialized storage for your use */
 PlayerColor playerColor,    /* you play red or blue, with red playing first */
 Board *theBoard            /* provide the initial position of your pieces */
)
{
  StoragePtr storage = (StoragePtr) privStorage;
  int row, our_row, their_row, col, board_col;
  PlayerColor theirColor;
  int piece;
  Boolean reverse = (TickCount() & 1) != 0;
  
  Assert( strlen(board_setup[0]) == kBoardSize );
  Assert( strlen(board_setup[1]) == kBoardSize );
  Assert( strlen(board_setup[2]) == kBoardSize );
  Assert( strlen(board_setup[3]) == kBoardSize );
  
  for ( row = 0; row <= 3; row++ ) {
    if ( playerColor == kRed ) {
      our_row = row;
      their_row = (kBoardSize-1)-row;
      theirColor = kBlue;
    } else {
      their_row = row;
      our_row = (kBoardSize-1)-row;
      theirColor = kRed;
    }
    for ( col = 0; col < 10; col++ ) {
      board_col = reverse ? (kBoardSize-1) - col : col;
      (*theBoard)[our_row][col].thePieceRank = (PieceRank) 
            (board_setup[row][board_col] - '0');
      (*theBoard)[our_row][col].thePieceColor = playerColor;
      
      storage->board[our_row][col].color = playerColor;
      storage->board[our_row][col].rank = 
            (*theBoard)[our_row][col].thePieceRank;
      storage->board[our_row][col].possibilities = kNoNothing;

      storage->board[their_row][col].color = theirColor;
      storage->board[their_row][col].rank = kUnknown;
      storage->board[their_row][col].possibilities = kNoNothing;
    }
  }

  for ( row = 4; row <= 5; row++ ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      storage->board[row][col].color = (PlayerColor)kNoColor;
      storage->board[row][col].rank = 
          (PieceRank) ((col/2 % 2 == 1) ? kWater : kEmpty);
      storage->board[row][col].possibilities = 0;
    }
  }
  
  for ( piece = kMarshall; piece <= kFlag; piece++ ) {
    storage->our_pieces[piece] = 
          start_piece_counts[piece] - '0';
    storage->their_pieces[piece] = 
          start_piece_counts[piece] - '0';
  }
  
  storage->do_getmove = (playerColor == kBlue);
  storage->victory = false;
  storage->blankSquare = storage->board[4][0];
  storage->playerColor = playerColor;
  storage->theirColor = playerColor == kRed ? kBlue : kRed;
  storage->repeated_board_count = 0;

  AssertValidBoard( storage );
}

Learn
static void Learn( StoragePtr storage, Boolean them, 
                        int row, int col, PieceRank rank )
{
  Boolean gotall;
  PlayerColor thiscolor;
  int r, c;
  
  if ( storage->board[row][col].rank == kUnknown ) {
  
    if ( rank == kMoved ) {
      UInt32 possibilities = 
            storage->board[row][col].possibilities;
      possibilities &= ~kStationaryBits;
      
      if ( (possibilities & (possibilities-1)) == 0 ) { 
              // only one bit on! Now we know!
        int newrank;
        newrank = 0;
        while ( (possibilities & 1) == 0 ) {
          possibilities >>= 1;
          newrank++;
        }
        rank = (PieceRank)newrank;
      } else {
        storage->board[row][col].possibilities = possibilities;
      }
    }
    
    if ( rank != kMoved ) {
      storage->board[row][col].rank = rank;
      storage->board[row][col].possibilities = (1 << rank);
      if ( them ) {
        gotall = --storage->their_pieces[rank] == 0;
      } else {
        gotall = --storage->our_pieces[rank] == 0;
      }
      if ( gotall ) {
        thiscolor = storage->board[row][col].color;
        for ( r = 0; r < kBoardSize; r++ ) {
          for ( c = 0; c < kBoardSize; c++ ) {
            if ( storage->board[r][c].rank == kUnknown 
                && storage->board[r][c].color == thiscolor ) {
            UInt32 possibilities = 
              storage->board[r][c].possibilities;
          possibilities &= ~ (1 << rank);
          storage->board[r][c].possibilities = possibilities;
            if ( (possibilities & (possibilities-1)) == 0 ) { 
                    // only one bit on!
                int newrank;
                newrank = 0;
                while ( (possibilities & 1) == 0 ) {
                  possibilities >>= 1;
                  newrank++;
                }
          Learn( storage, them, r, c, (PieceRank)newrank );
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  } else {
    Assert( rank == kMoved || 
              storage->board[row][col].rank == rank );
  }
}

HandleTheirMove
static void HandleTheirMove( StoragePtr storage, 
                    GetOpponentMove GetMove )
{
  PiecePosition moveFrom;
  PiecePosition moveTo;
  Boolean moveStrike;
  MoveResult moveResult;
  UnsignedWide start, finish;

  Microseconds( &start );
  (*GetMove)( &moveFrom,&moveTo, &moveStrike,&moveResult );
  Microseconds( &finish );
  storage->extra_time += finish.lo - start.lo;
  
  Assert( moveResult.legalMove ); 
    // They must have made a legal move or we would not be called
  Assert( !moveResult.victory ); 
    // If they won we would not be called
  if ( moveStrike ) {
    Learn( storage, true, moveFrom.row, moveFrom.col, 
          moveResult.rankOfAttacker.thePieceRank );
    Learn( storage, false, moveTo.row, moveTo.col, 
          moveResult.rankOfDefender.thePieceRank );
    if ( moveResult.attackerRemoved && 
            moveResult.defenderRemoved ) {
      storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
          storage->blankSquare;
      storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col] = 
          storage->blankSquare;
    } else if ( moveResult.attackerRemoved ) {
    if (storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col].rank == kBomb) {
        storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
          storage->blankSquare;
      } else {
        storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
            storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col];
        storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col] = 
            storage->blankSquare;
      }
    } else {
      Assert( moveResult.defenderRemoved );
      storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col] = 
          storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col];
      storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
          storage->blankSquare;
    }
  } else {
    storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col] = 
        storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col];
    storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
        storage->blankSquare;
    if ( abs(moveTo.row - moveFrom.row) + 
            abs(moveTo.col - moveFrom.col) > 1 ) {
      Learn( storage, true, moveTo.row, moveTo.col, kScout );
    } else {
      Learn( storage, true, moveTo.row, moveTo.col, 
          (PieceRank)kMoved );
    }
  }

  AssertValidBoard( storage );
}

FindPiece
static Boolean FindPiece( StoragePtr storage, PlayerColor color, 
                                    PieceRank rank, int *row, int *col )
{
  int r, c;
  
  for ( r = 0; r < kBoardSize; r++ ) {
    for( c = 0; c < kBoardSize; c++ ) {
      if ( storage->board[r][c].color == color
          && storage->board[r][c].rank == rank ) {
        *row = r;
        *col = c;
        return true;
      }
    }
  }
  return false;
}


IsOnBoardWeak
static Boolean IsOnBoardWeak( int row, int col )
{
  return  0 <= row && row < kBoardSize && 
            0 <= col && col < kBoardSize;
}

IsOnBoard
static Boolean IsOnBoard( int row, int col )
{
  if (   0 <= row && row < kBoardSize && 
          0 <= col && col < kBoardSize ) {
    if ( row <= 3 || row >= 6 ) {
      return true;
    }
    if ( col <= 1 || col >= 8 ) {
      return true;
    }
    if ( 4 <= col && col <= 5 ) {
      return true;
    }
  }
  return false;
}

IsColorPiece
static Boolean IsColorPiece( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col, PlayerColor color )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoardWeak( row, col ) );
  return storage->board[row][col].color == color;
}

IsOurPiece
static Boolean IsOurPiece( StoragePtr storage, int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoardWeak( row, col ) );
  return storage->board[row][col].color == storage->playerColor;
}

IsTheirPiece
static Boolean IsTheirPiece( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoardWeak( row, col ) );
  return storage->board[row][col].color == storage->theirColor;
}

IsUnknownPiece
static Boolean IsUnknownPiece( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoardWeak( row, col ) );
  return storage->board[row][col].rank == kUnknown;
}

IsRankPiece
static Boolean IsRankPiece( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col, PieceRank rank )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoardWeak( row, col ) );
  return storage->board[row][col].rank == rank;
}

IsEmptySquare
static Boolean IsEmptySquare( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoardWeak( row, col ) );
  return storage->board[row][col].rank == (PieceRank)kEmpty;
}

IsWaterSquare
static Boolean IsWaterSquare( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoardWeak( row, col ) );
  return storage->board[row][col].rank == (PieceRank)kWater;
}

IsLowlyRank
static Boolean IsLowlyRank( PieceRank rank )
{
  return kCaptain <= rank && rank <= kScout && rank != kMiner;
}

IsLowlyPiece
static Boolean IsLowlyPiece( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoard( row, col ) );
  return IsLowlyRank( storage->board[row][col].rank );
}

IsMovedPiece
static Boolean IsMovedPiece( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoard( row, col ) );
  return (storage->board[row][col].possibilities & 
        kStationaryBits) == 0;
}

IsRevealedPiece
static Boolean IsRevealedPiece( StoragePtr storage, 
                                  int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoard( row, col ) );
  Assert( IsOurPiece( storage, row, col ) );
  UInt32 possibilities = storage->board[row][col].possibilities;
  return ( (possibilities & (possibilities-1)) == 0 );
}

CountAdjacentUnknownPieces
static int CountAdjacentUnknownPieces( StoragePtr storage, 
                                    PlayerColor color, int row, int col )
{
  int d;
  int unknowns = 0;
  
  for ( d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
    int r = row + dR[d];
    int c = col + dC[d];
    
    if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) && IsColorPiece( storage, r, c,           color ) 
                      && IsUnknownPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
      unknowns++;
    }
  }
  
  return unknowns;
}

static char *defend_spy_table = "RARROAOORARRRARRXAXAOAOOXAXAXAXA";
// Run/Attack/Other/Nothing, >1 unknown:other:danger:moved

LowlyCanAttack
static Boolean LowlyCanAttack( StoragePtr storage, int row, 
                    int col, int *otherRow, int *otherCol )
{
  for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
    int r = row + dR[d];
    int c = col + dC[d];
    
    if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) 
        && IsOurPiece( storage, r, c ) 
        && IsLowlyPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
      *otherRow = r;
      *otherCol = c;
      return true;
    }
  }  
  return false;
}

UpdateDangerPossibilities
static void UpdateDangerPossibilities( StoragePtr storage )
{
  int row, col;
  
  for ( row = 0; row < kBoardSize; row++ ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      storage->dangers[row][col] = 0;
      storage->known_dangers[row][col] = 0;
    }
  }
  for ( row = 0; row < kBoardSize; row++ ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsTheirPiece( storage, row, col ) ) {
        UInt32 possibilities = 
            (storage->board[row][col].possibilities & 
                ~kStationaryBits);
        UInt32 known_possibilities = 0;
        
        if ( storage->board[row][col].rank != kUnknown ) {
          known_possibilities = possibilities;
        }
        
        for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
          int r = row + dR[d];
          int c = col + dC[d];
          
      if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) ) {
        storage->dangers[r][c] |= possibilities;
        storage->known_dangers[r][c] |= known_possibilities;
          }
        }  
      }
    }
  }
}

GetDangerPossibilities
static UInt32 GetDangerPossibilities( StoragePtr storage, 
                          int row, int col )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoard( row, col ) );
  return storage->dangers[row][col];
}

PossibilitiesCouldKill
static Boolean PossibilitiesCouldKill( PieceRank rank, 
                          UInt32 possibilities )
{
  if ( (possibilities & ~kStationaryBits) == 0 ) {
    return false;
  }
  
  switch ( rank ) {
    case kFlag:
      return true;
    case kBomb:
      return (possibilities & (1 << kMiner)) != 0;
    case kMarshall:
      return (possibilities & ((1 << kMarshall) + (1<< kSpy))) 
                                          != 0;
    default:
      return (possibilities & ((1 << (rank+1)) - 1)) != 0;
  }
}

PossibilitiesCouldKillSafely
static Boolean PossibilitiesCouldKillSafely( PieceRank rank, 
                          UInt32 possibilities )
{
  if ( (possibilities & ~kStationaryBits) == 0 ) {
    return false;
  }
  
  switch ( rank ) {
    case kFlag:
      return true;
    case kBomb:
      return (possibilities & (1 << kMiner)) != 0;
    case kMarshall:
      return (possibilities & ((1<< kSpy))) != 0;
    default:
      return (possibilities & ((1 << rank) - 1)) != 0;
  }
}

WillKillPossibilities
static Boolean WillKillPossibilities( PieceRank rank, 
                            UInt32 possibilities )
{
  Assert( possibilities != 0 );
  
  switch ( rank ) {
    case kFlag:
      return false;
    case kBomb:
      return false;
    case kMiner:
      return (possibilities & ~((1 << kScout) + (1 << kBomb) + 
                                    (1 << kFlag))) == 0;
    case kSpy:
      return (possibilities & ~(1 << kMarshall)) == 0;
    default:
      return (possibilities & (((1 << (rank + 1)) - 1) + 
                                    (1 << kBomb))) == 0;
  }
}

WillKillOrSuicidePossibilities
static Boolean WillKillOrSuicidePossibilities( PieceRank rank, 
                            UInt32 possibilities )
{
  Assert( possibilities != 0 );
  
  switch ( rank ) {
    case kFlag:
      return false;
    case kBomb:
      return false;
    case kMiner:
      return (possibilities & ~((1 << kScout) + (1 << kMiner) + 
                      (1 << kBomb) + (1 << kFlag))) == 0;
    case kSpy:
    return (possibilities & ~((1 << kMarshall) + (1 << kSpy))) 
                                  == 0;
    default:
    return (possibilities & (((1 << rank) - 1) + (1 << kBomb))) 
                                          == 0;
  }
}

WillPossibilitiesKill
static Boolean WillPossibilitiesKill( UInt32 possibilities, 
                          PieceRank rank )
{
  Assert( possibilities != 0 );
  possibilities &= ~kStationaryBits;
  if ( possibilities == 0 ) {
    return false;
  }

  switch ( rank ) {
    case kFlag:
      return true;
    case kBomb:
      return possibilities == (1 << kMiner);
    default:
      return (possibilities & ~((1 << (rank+1))-1)) == 0;
  }
}

FindSafeSquare
static Boolean FindSafeSquare( StoragePtr storage, int row, 
                      int col, int *safeRow, int *safeCol )
{
  Assert( IsOnBoard( row, col ) );
  
  PieceRank rank = storage->board[row][col].rank;
  int doff = (storage->playerColor == kBlue ? 0 : 2); 
        // Try backwards first
  
  for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
    int dr = dR[(d + doff) % 4];
    int dc = dC[(d + doff) % 4];
    int r = row + dr;
    int c = col + dc;
    
    while ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) && 
              IsEmptySquare( storage, r, c ) ) {
      if ( !PossibilitiesCouldKill( rank, 
            GetDangerPossibilities( storage, r, c ) ) ) {
        *safeRow = r;
        *safeCol = c;
        return true;
      }
      if ( rank != kScout ) {
        break;
      }
      r += dr;
      c += dc;
    }
  }  
  return false;
}

CountEnemies
static void CountEnemies( StoragePtr storage, int row, int col, 
                              int *knowns, int *unknowns )
{
  *knowns = 0;
  *unknowns = 0;
  
  for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
    int r = row + dR[d];
    int c = col + dC[d];
    
    if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) && IsTheirPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
      if ( storage->board[r][c].rank == kUnknown ) {
        *unknowns += 1;
      } else {
        *knowns += 1;
      }
    }
  }  
}

/*
static Boolean CanRun( StoragePtr storage, int row, int col, int *runRow, int *runCol )
{  
  for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
    int r = row + 
              dR[(d + (storage->playerColor == kBlue ? 0 : 2)) % 4]; 
                // Try backwards first
    int c = col + 
              dC[(d + (storage->playerColor == kBlue ? 0 : 2)) % 4];
    
    if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) && 
          (storage->board[r][c].rank == kEmpty) ) {
      *runRow = r;
      *runCol = c;
      return true;
    }
  }  
  return false;
}
*/

FindSafePath
static Boolean FindSafePath( StoragePtr storage, 
      Boolean very_safe, Boolean suicide_ok, int from_row, 
      int from_col, int to_row, int to_col, int *best_path, 
      int *first_row, int *first_col )
{
  Assert( IsOurPiece( storage, from_row, from_col ) );
  
  PieceRank rank = storage->board[from_row][from_col].rank;
  BoardPossibilities *dangers = 
    very_safe ? &storage->dangers : &storage->known_dangers;
  
  if (   abs( from_row - to_row ) + 
          abs( from_col - to_col ) > *best_path ) {
    return false;
  }
  
  if ( abs( from_row - to_row ) + 
        abs( from_col - to_col ) == 1 ) {
    *best_path = 0;
    *first_row = to_row;
    *first_col = to_col;
    return true;
  }
  
  int path_length_to[kBoardSize][kBoardSize];
  PiecePosition que[kBoardSize * kBoardSize];
  int que_start = 0;
  int que_fin = 0;
  int que_next_len = 0;
  int current_len = 0;
  int row, col;
  
  for ( row = 0; row < kBoardSize; row++ ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      path_length_to[row][col] = -1;
    }
  }

  que[que_fin].row = from_row;
  que[que_fin].col = from_col;
  path_length_to[from_row][from_col] = 0;
  que_fin++;
  que_next_len = que_fin;
  
  while ( que_fin > que_start ) {
    row = que[que_start].row;
    col = que[que_start].col;
    que_start++;
    
    for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
      int dr = dR[d];
      int dc = dC[d];
// scout moves NYI
      int r = row + dr;
      int c = col + dc;
      
      if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) && path_length_to[r][c] == -1 
            && IsEmptySquare( storage, r, c ) ) {
        if ( suicide_ok ? 
          !PossibilitiesCouldKillSafely( rank, (*dangers)[r][c] )
          : !PossibilitiesCouldKill( rank, (*dangers)[r][c]    ) ) {
          path_length_to[r][c] = current_len + 1;
          if ( abs( to_row - r ) + abs( to_col - c ) == 1 ) {
            *best_path = current_len + 1;
            while ( current_len > 0 ) {
              for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
                int backr = r + dR[d];
                int backc = c + dC[d];

                if ( path_length_to[backr][backc] == current_len ) {
                  r = backr;
                  c = backc;
                  break;
                }
              }
              current_len--;
            }
            *first_row = r;
            *first_col = c;
            return true;
          }
          que[que_fin].row = r;
          que[que_fin].col = c;
          que_fin++;
        } else {
          path_length_to[r][c] = 1000; // Cant go here
        }
      }
    }
    
    if ( que_start == que_next_len ) {
      que_next_len = que_fin;
      current_len++;
    }
  }
  
  return false;
}

CalcBoardCRC
static UInt32 CalcBoardCRC( StoragePtr storage, 
              int from_row, int from_col, int to_row, int to_col )
{
  Assert( !IsOnBoard( from_row, from_col ) || 
        IsOurPiece( storage, from_row, from_col ) );
  Assert( !IsOnBoard( to_row, to_col ) || 
        IsEmptySquare( storage, to_row, to_col ) );
  
  UInt32 result = 0;
  
  int row, col;
  int rankish;
  
  for ( row = 0; row < kBoardSize; row++ ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( row == from_row && col == from_col ) {
        rankish = 0;
      } else if ( row == to_row && col == to_col ) {
        rankish = storage->board[from_row][from_col].rank;
      } else if ( IsEmptySquare( storage, row, col ) || 
                      IsWaterSquare( storage, row, col ) ) {
        rankish = 0;
      } else if ( IsOurPiece( storage, row, col ) ) {
        rankish = storage->board[row][col].rank;
      } else {
        rankish = storage->board[row][col].rank + kAddForRankish;
      }
      result += rankish; // Hmm, not a very good CRC
      result = result * 11 + (result >> 25);
    }
  }

  return result;  
}

OKMove
static Boolean OKMove( StoragePtr storage, int from_row, int from_col, 
int to_row, int to_col )
{
  if ( IsTheirPiece( storage, to_row, to_col ) ) {
    return true;
  }
  
  UInt32 crc = CalcBoardCRC( storage, from_row, from_col, 
                                        to_row, to_col );
  long i;
  for ( i = 0; i < storage->repeated_board_count; i++ ) {
    if ( crc == storage->repeated_board[i] ) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return true;
}

AppendRepeatedBoard
static void AppendRepeatedBoard( StoragePtr storage )
{
  UInt32 crc = CalcBoardCRC( storage, -1, -1, -1, -1 );
  
  if ( storage->repeated_board_count == kRepeatedBoards ) {
    storage->repeated_board_count--;
    BlockMoveData( &storage->repeated_board[1], 
                        &storage->repeated_board[0], 
                        storage->repeated_board_count * 
                      sizeof(storage->repeated_board[0]) );
  }
  storage->repeated_board[storage->repeated_board_count++] = crc;
}

#if DEBUG_RULES
  #define RETURN( x ) DebugStr( x ";g" ); return
#else
  #define RETURN( x ) return
#endif

FigureOutOurMove
static void FigureOutOurMove( StoragePtr storage, 
                PiecePosition *moveFrom, PiecePosition *moveTo )
{
  int ourRow, ourCol,theirRow,theirCol,row,col,runRow,runCol;
  int rowFirst = storage->playerColor == kRed ? 
            0 : kBoardSize - 1;
  int rowLast = storage->playerColor == kRed ? 
            kBoardSize - 1 : 0;
  int rowAdd = storage->playerColor == kRed ? 1 : -1;
  int bestUnknowns;
  int bestPath;
  int thisPath;

  UpdateDangerPossibilities( storage );
  
// USE SPY
  if ( FindPiece( storage, storage->theirColor, kMarshall, 
              &theirRow, &theirCol )
      && FindPiece( storage, storage->playerColor, kSpy, 
              &ourRow, &ourCol ) 
      && abs( theirRow - ourRow ) + 
          abs( theirCol - ourCol ) == 1 ) {
    moveFrom->row = ourRow;
    moveFrom->col = ourCol;
    moveTo->row = theirRow;
    moveTo->col = theirCol;
    RETURN( "\pUSE SPY" );
  }
// DEFEND AGAINST SPY
  if (storage->their_pieces[kSpy] > 0) {
    if ( FindPiece( storage, storage->playerColor, kMarshall, 
              &ourRow, &ourCol ) ) {
      int unknowns = CountAdjacentUnknownPieces( storage, 
                    storage->theirColor, ourRow, ourCol );
      
      if ( unknowns ) {
        char todo = 0; // R = Run, A = Attack, O = Attack with Other
        int base_index = 0;
    Boolean canrun = FindSafeSquare( storage, ourRow, ourCol, 
                                      &runRow, &runCol );
        if ( !canrun ) {
          base_index += 16;
        }
        if ( unknowns > 1 ) {
          base_index += 8;
        }

        for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
          int r = ourRow + dR[d];
          int c = ourCol + dC[d];
          int otherRow, otherCol;
          
          if ( IsOnBoard( r, c )
              && IsTheirPiece( storage, r, c )
              && IsUnknownPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
            int index = base_index;
            if ( LowlyCanAttack( storage, r, c, 
                            &otherRow, &otherCol ) ) {
              index += 4;
            }
            if ( CountAdjacentUnknownPieces( storage, 
                      storage->theirColor, r, c ) > 0 ) {
              index += 2;
            }
            if ( IsMovedPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
              index += 1;
            }
            
            if ( defend_spy_table[index] == 'A' ) { // Attack
              moveFrom->row = ourRow;
              moveFrom->col = ourCol;
              moveTo->row = r;
              moveTo->col = c;
              RETURN( "\pDEFEND AGAINST SPY 1" );
            } else if ( defend_spy_table[index] == 'O' ) { // Attack
              moveFrom->row = otherRow;
              moveFrom->col = otherCol;
              moveTo->row = r;
              moveTo->col = c;
              RETURN( "\pDEFEND AGAINST SPY 2" );
            }
          }
        }
        
        if ( canrun && OKMove( storage, ourRow, ourCol, 
                                    runRow, runCol ) ) {
          moveFrom->row = ourRow;
          moveFrom->col = ourCol;
          moveTo->row = runRow;
          moveTo->col = runCol;
          RETURN( "\pDEFEND AGAINST SPY 3" );
        }
        // Give up! Next rule...
      }
    }
  }

// ATTACK WEAKER
  for ( row = rowFirst; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; 
                        row += rowAdd ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsTheirPiece( storage, row, col ) ) {
        UInt32 enemy = storage->board[row][col].possibilities;
        UInt32 danger = GetDangerPossibilities( storage, 
                                        row, col );

        int bestDir = -1;
        Boolean isBestRevealed = true;
        PieceRank bestRank = kUnknown;

        for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
          int r = row + dR[d];
          int c = col + dC[d];
          
    if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) && IsOurPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
            if ( !PossibilitiesCouldKill( 
                      storage->board[r][c].rank, danger ) ) {
              if ( WillKillPossibilities( 
                      storage->board[r][c].rank, enemy ) ) {
                Boolean thisRevealed = 
                          IsRevealedPiece( storage, r, c );
                if ( isBestRevealed || !thisRevealed ) {
                  if ( bestDir == -1 || 
                  (storage->board[r][c].rank > bestRank) ) {
                    bestDir = d;
                    bestRank = storage->board[r][c].rank;
                    isBestRevealed = thisRevealed;
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
        if ( bestDir != -1 ) {
          moveFrom->row = row + dR[bestDir];
          moveFrom->col = col + dC[bestDir];
          moveTo->row = row;
          moveTo->col = col;
          RETURN( "\pATTACK WEAKER" );
        }
      }
    }
  }

// EXPLORE ATTACK
  for ( int rnk = kScout; rnk >= kMarshall; rnk-- ) {
    PieceRank rank = (PieceRank) rnk;
    if ( IsLowlyRank( rank ) ) {

      for ( row = rowLast; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; 
                              row -= rowAdd ) {
        for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
          if ( IsOurPiece( storage, row, col )
              && IsRankPiece( storage, row, col, rank ) ) {

            for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
              int r = row + dR[d];
              int c = col + dC[d];
              
              if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) 
                && IsTheirPiece( storage, r, c ) 
                && IsRankPiece( storage, r, c, kUnknown ) ) {
                moveFrom->row = row;
                moveFrom->col = col;
                moveTo->row = r;
                moveTo->col = c;
                RETURN( "\pEXPLORE ATTACK" );
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  
// RETREAT
  for ( row = rowLast; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; 
                            row -= rowAdd ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsOurPiece( storage, row, col )
          && IsMovedPiece( storage, row, col ) ) {

        for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
          int r = row + dR[d];
          int c = col + dC[d];
          
          if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) 
                && IsTheirPiece( storage, r, c ) 
                && WillPossibilitiesKill( 
                        storage->board[r][c].possibilities, 
                        storage->board[row][col].rank ) ) {
            bestPath = 1000;
            for ( int to_row = rowLast; 0 <= to_row && 
                    to_row < kBoardSize; to_row -= rowAdd ) {
        for( int to_col = 0; to_col < kBoardSize; to_col++ ) {
                thisPath = bestPath;
              if ( IsTheirPiece( storage, to_row, to_col ) 
                  && (IsRankPiece( storage, to_row, to_col, 
                                        kUnknown ) 
                  || WillKillPossibilities( 
                        storage->board[row][col].rank, 
            storage->board[to_row][to_col].possibilities ))
            && FindSafePath( storage, false, true, row, col, 
              to_row, to_col, &thisPath, &runRow, &runCol ) 
            && OKMove( storage, row, col, runRow, runCol ) ) {
                    bestPath = thisPath;
                    moveFrom->row = row;
                    moveFrom->col = col;
                    moveTo->row = runRow;
                    moveTo->col = runCol;
                }
              }
            }
            if ( bestPath < 1000 ) {
              RETURN( "\pRETREAT" );
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

// SCOUT
  bestUnknowns = 0;
  
  for ( row = rowLast; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; 
                                  row -= rowAdd ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsOurPiece( storage, row, col ) 
            && IsRankPiece( storage, row, col, kScout ) ) {
        for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
          int r = row + dR[d];
          int c = col + dC[d];
          
          while ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) && 
                    IsEmptySquare( storage, r, c ) ) {
            
            int knowns, unknowns;
          CountEnemies( storage, r, c, &knowns, &unknowns );
            if ( knowns == 0 && unknowns > bestUnknowns && 
                      OKMove( storage, row, col, r, c ) ) {
              bestUnknowns = unknowns;
              ourRow = row;
              ourCol = col;
              runRow = r;
              runCol = c;
            }
            r += dR[d];
            c += dC[d];
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if ( bestUnknowns > 0 ) {
    moveFrom->row = ourRow;
    moveFrom->col = ourCol;
    moveTo->row = runRow;
    moveTo->col = runCol;
    RETURN( "\pSCOUT" );
  }

// ATTACK DISTANT

  bestPath = 1000;
  
  for ( row = rowFirst; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; 
                        row += rowAdd ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsTheirPiece( storage, row, col ) ) {
        UInt32 possibilities = 
            storage->board[row][col].possibilities;
        UInt32 danger = 
            GetDangerPossibilities( storage, row, col );
        
        if ( (possibilities & ((1 << kBomb) | (1 << kMarshall))) != 
                                    ((1 << kBomb) | (1 << kMarshall)) ) {
          for ( int r = rowFirst; 0 <= r && r < kBoardSize; 
                          r += rowAdd ) {
            for( int c = 0; c < kBoardSize; c++ ) {
              if ( IsOurPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
                if ( WillKillPossibilities( 
                storage->board[r][c].rank, possibilities ) ) {
              if ( storage->board[r][c].rank >= kCaptain || 
                    !PossibilitiesCouldKill( 
                      storage->board[r][c].rank, danger ) ) {
                    thisPath = bestPath;
              if ( FindSafePath( storage, true, false, r, c, 
                  row, col, &thisPath, &runRow, &runCol ) ) {
            if ( OKMove( storage, r, c, runRow, runCol ) ) {
                        bestPath = thisPath;
                        moveFrom->row = r;
                        moveFrom->col = c;
                        moveTo->row = runRow;
                        moveTo->col = runCol;
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }

      }
    }
  }

  if ( bestPath < 1000 ) {
    RETURN( "\pATTACK DISTANT" );
  }

// EXPLORE DISTANT

  bestPath = 1000;
  
  for ( row = rowFirst; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; 
                      row += rowAdd ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsTheirPiece( storage, row, col ) && 
              storage->board[row][col].rank == kUnknown ) {
        
        for ( int r = rowFirst; 0 <= r && r < kBoardSize; 
                                        r += rowAdd ) {
          for( int c = 0; c < kBoardSize; c++ ) {
            if ( IsOurPiece( storage, r, c ) && 
                    IsLowlyPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
              thisPath = bestPath;
              if ( FindSafePath( storage, false, true, r, c, 
                  row, col, &thisPath, &runRow, &runCol ) ) {
            if ( OKMove( storage, r, c, runRow, runCol ) ) {
                  bestPath = thisPath;
                  moveFrom->row = r;
                  moveFrom->col = c;
                  moveTo->row = runRow;
                  moveTo->col = runCol;
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }

      }
    }
  }

  if ( bestPath < 1000 ) {
    RETURN( "\pEXPLORE DISTANT" );
  }

// ATTACK KNOWN WITH SAME DISTANT

  bestPath = 1000;
  
  for ( row = rowFirst; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; 
                                row += rowAdd ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsTheirPiece( storage, row, col ) ) {
        UInt32 possibilities = 
            storage->board[row][col].possibilities;
        
        if ( (possibilities & ((1 << kBomb) | (1 << kMarshall))) != 
                                    ((1 << kBomb) | (1 << kMarshall)) ) {
          for ( int r = rowFirst; 0 <= r && r < kBoardSize; 
                                  r += rowAdd ) {
            for( int c = 0; c < kBoardSize; c++ ) {
              if ( IsOurPiece( storage, r, c ) ) {
                if ( WillKillOrSuicidePossibilities( 
                        storage->board[r][c].rank, possibilities ) ) {
                  thisPath = bestPath;
              if ( FindSafePath( storage, true, true, r, c, 
                  row, col, &thisPath, &runRow, &runCol ) ) {
            if ( OKMove( storage, r, c, runRow, runCol ) ) {
                      bestPath = thisPath;
                      moveFrom->row = r;
                      moveFrom->col = c;
                      moveTo->row = runRow;
                      moveTo->col = runCol;
                    }
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }

      }
    }
  }

  if ( bestPath < 1000 ) {
    RETURN( "\pATTACK KNOWN WITH SAME DISTANT" );
  }

// FIND FLAG
// NYI

// MOVE FORWARD
  
  for ( row = rowLast; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; row -= rowAdd ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsOurPiece( storage, row, col ) ) {
        PieceRank rank = storage->board[row][col].rank;
        if ( rank != kBomb && rank != kFlag ) {
          int r = row + rowAdd;
          if ( IsOnBoard( r, col ) && !IsOurPiece( storage, r, col ) &
          & OKMove( storage, row, col, r, col ) ) {
            moveFrom->row = row;
            moveFrom->col = col;
            moveTo->row = r;
            moveTo->col = col;
            RETURN( "\pMOVE FORWARD" );
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

// MOVE

  for ( row = rowLast; 0 <= row && row < kBoardSize; 
                              row -= rowAdd ) {
    for( col = 0; col < kBoardSize; col++ ) {
      if ( IsOurPiece( storage, row, col ) ) {
        PieceRank rank = storage->board[row][col].rank;
        if ( rank != kBomb && rank != kFlag ) {
          
          for ( int d = 0; d < 4; d++ ) {
            int r = row + dR[d];
            int c = col + dC[d];
            
            if ( IsOnBoard( r, c ) && 
                !IsOurPiece( storage, r, c ) && 
                OKMove( storage, row, col, r, c ) ) {
              moveFrom->row = row;
              moveFrom->col = col;
              moveTo->row = r;
              moveTo->col = c;
              RETURN( "\pMOVE" );
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

// RESIGN
  moveFrom->row = -1;
  moveFrom->col = -1;
  moveTo->row = -1;
  moveTo->col = -1;
  RETURN( "\pRESIGN" );

}

HandleOurMove
static void HandleOurMove( StoragePtr storage, 
                        ReportYourMove ReportMove )
{
  PiecePosition moveFrom;
  PiecePosition moveTo;
  Boolean moveStrike;
  MoveResult moveResult;
  UnsignedWide start, finish;

  if ( storage->total_time > 10000000 ) { // Time to give up
    // Resign
    moveFrom.row = -1;
    moveFrom.col = -1;
    moveTo.row = -1;
    moveTo.col = -1;
  } else {
    FigureOutOurMove( storage, &moveFrom, &moveTo );
  }
  if ( IsOnBoard( moveTo.row, moveTo.col ) ) {
  moveStrike = storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col].color != 
                                        kNoColor;
  } else {
    moveStrike = false;
  }
  
  Microseconds( &start );
  (*ReportMove)( &moveFrom, &moveTo, moveStrike, &moveResult );
  Microseconds( &finish );
  storage->extra_time += finish.lo - start.lo;
  
  if ( moveResult.victory ) {       // We Win! :-)
        storage->victory = true;
  } else if ( !moveResult.legalMove ) {   // We Lose! :-(
  } else {
    if ( moveStrike ) {
      storage->repeated_board_count = 0;
      Learn( storage, true, moveTo.row, moveTo.col, 
                moveResult.rankOfDefender.thePieceRank );
      Learn( storage, false, moveFrom.row, moveFrom.col, 
                moveResult.rankOfAttacker.thePieceRank );

      if ( moveResult.attackerRemoved && 
              moveResult.defenderRemoved ) {
        storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
            storage->blankSquare;
        storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col] = 
            storage->blankSquare;
      } else if ( moveResult.attackerRemoved ) {
        if ( storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col].rank==kBomb ) {
          storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
              storage->blankSquare;
        } else {
          storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
              storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col];
          storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col] = 
              storage->blankSquare;
        }
      } else {
        Assert( moveResult.defenderRemoved );
        storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col] = 
              storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col];
        storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
              storage->blankSquare;
      }

    } else {
      if ( abs( moveTo.row - moveFrom.row ) + 
            abs( moveTo.col - moveFrom.col ) > 1 ) {
        Assert( storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col].rank == 
                                      kScout );
  Learn( storage, false, moveFrom.row, moveFrom.col, kScout);
      } else {
        Learn( storage, false, moveFrom.row, moveFrom.col, 
                                    (PieceRank)kMoved );
      }
      storage->board[moveTo.row][moveTo.col] = 
            storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col];
      storage->board[moveFrom.row][moveFrom.col] = 
            storage->blankSquare;
    }
    AppendRepeatedBoard( storage );
  }

  AssertValidBoard( storage );
}

MakeAMove
Boolean MakeAMove(
  void *privStorage,      /* 1MB of storage from PositionPieces */
  PlayerColor playerColor,    /* you play red or blue, with red playing first */
  GetOpponentMove *GetMove,  /* callback used to find about opponents last move*/
  ReportYourMove *ReportMove  /* callback used to make a move */
)
{
  StoragePtr storage = (StoragePtr) privStorage;
  UnsignedWide start, finish;
  
  storage->extra_time = 0;
  Microseconds( &start );
  
  if ( storage->do_getmove ) {
    HandleTheirMove( storage, *GetMove );
  }
  storage->do_getmove = true;
  
  HandleOurMove( storage, *ReportMove );

  Microseconds( &finish );
  storage->total_time += 
        finish.lo - start.lo - storage->extra_time;

  return storage->victory;
}

CHALLENGE.H

#ifndef __LL_CHALLENGE__
#define __LL_CHALLENGE__

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

#define kBoardSize 10

typedef enum { kUnknown=0,
  kMarshall=1,kGeneral,kColonel,kMajor,kCaptain,
  kLieutenant,kSergeant,kMiner,kScout,kSpy,
  kBomb,kFlag
} PieceRank;

typedef enum {kRed=1,kBlue=2} PlayerColor;

typedef struct PieceType {
  PieceRank  thePieceRank;     /* rank of a piece */
  PlayerColor thePieceColor;    /* color of a piece */
} PieceType;

typedef PieceType Board[kBoardSize][kBoardSize];
/* Used to provide test code with board configuration. Red starts 
  in rows 0..3, Blue starts in rows 6..9 */
/* Squares [4][2], [4][3], [4][6], [4][7] and
      [5][2], [5][3], [5][6], [5][7] are water and cannot
      be occupied */

typedef struct PiecePosition {
  long row; /* 0..9 */
  long col; /* 0..9 */
} PiecePosition;

typedef struct MoveResult {
  PieceType rankOfAttacker;
  /* after a strike, returns identity of attacker */
  PieceType rankOfDefender;
  /* after a strike, returns identity of defender */
  Boolean attackerRemoved;
  /* true after a strike against a piece of equal or greater rank,
    or against a bomb when the attacker is not a Miner */
  Boolean defenderRemoved;
  /* true after a strike by a piece of equal or greater rank,
    or against a bomb when the attacker is a Miner, 
    or against a Marshall by a Spy */
  Boolean victory;
  /* true after a strike against the Flag */
  Boolean legalMove;
  /* true unless you
     - move into an occupied square, or 
     - move or strike in a direction other than forward, backward, or sideways, or
     - move more than one square (except Scouts), or
     - move a Bomb or a Flag,
     - move into Water, or
     - strike a square not occupied by an opponent, or
     - make any other illegal move */
} MoveResult;

void PositionPieces(
  void *privStorage,      /* 1MB of preinitialized storage for your use */
  PlayerColor playerColor,  /* you play red or blue, with red playing first */
  Board *theBoard        /* provide the initial position of your pieces */
);

typedef void (*ReportYourMove)(
                        /* Callback to inform test code of move and 
                          get results */
  PiecePosition *moveFrom,  /* piece you are moving or using to strike */
  PiecePosition *moveTo,    /* destination square or square being struck */
  Boolean strike,          /* false indicates a move, true indicates a strike */
  MoveResult *results      /* returns identity of struck piece and other info */
);

typedef void (*GetOpponentMove)( 
                      /* Callback to get results of opponents last move */
  PiecePosition *moveFrom,    /* piece opponent moved or used to strike */
  PiecePosition *moveTo,      /* destination square or square struck */
  Boolean *strike,           /* false indicates a move, true indicates a strike */
  MoveResult *results       /* returns identity of struck piece and other info */
);

Boolean MakeAMove(
  void *privStorage,        /* 1MB of storage from PositionPieces */
  PlayerColor playerColor,   /* you play red or blue, with red playing first */
  GetOpponentMove *GetMove,   /* callback used to find about opponents last move */
  ReportYourMove *ReportMove  /* callback used to make a move */
);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif                
 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Ember 1.8.3 - Versatile digital scrapboo...
Ember (formerly LittleSnapper) is your digital scrapbook of things that inspire you: websites, photos, apps or other things. Just drag in images that you want to keep, organize them into relevant... Read more
Apple iTunes 12.1 - Manage your music, m...
Apple iTunes lets you organize and play digital music and video on your computer. It can automatically download new music, app, and book purchases across all your devices and computers. And it's a... Read more
LibreOffice 4.4.3 - Free, open-source of...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
FoldersSynchronizer 4.2.1 - Synchronize...
FoldersSynchronizer is a popular and useful utility that synchronizes and backs-up files, folders, disks and boot disks. On each session you can apply special options like Timers, Multiple Folders,... Read more
Simon 4.0.2 - Monitor changes and crashe...
Simon monitors websites and alerts you of crashes and changes. Select pages to monitor, choose your alert options, and customize your settings. Simon does the rest. Keep a watchful eye on your... Read more
Cocktail 8.1.2 - General maintenance and...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
Cyberduck 4.6.4 - FTP and SFTP browser....
Cyberduck is a robust FTP/FTP-TLS/SFTP browser for the Mac whose lack of visual clutter and cleverly intuitive features make it easy to use. Support for external editors and system technologies such... Read more
Herald 5.0.2 - Notification plugin for M...
Note: Versions 2.1.3 (for OS X 10.7), 3.0.6 (for OS X 10.8), and 4.0.8 (for OS X 10.9) are no longer supported by the developer. Herald is a notification plugin for Mail.app, Apple's Mac OS X email... Read more
DEVONthink Pro 2.8.3 - Knowledge base, i...
Save 10% with our exclusive coupon code: MACUPDATE10 DEVONthink Pro is your essential assistant for today's world, where almost everything is digital. From shopping receipts to important research... Read more
Boom 2 1.0.1 - System-wide pro audio app...
Boom 2 is a system-wide volume booster and equalizer app that is designed especially for OS X 10.10 Yosemite. It comes with a smart interface, self-calibrates itself according to your Mac, offers... Read more

Playworld Superheroes Review
Playworld Superheroes Review By Tre Lawrence on January 30th, 2015 Our Rating: :: HERO CRAFTINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad It’s all about the imagination, fighting bad creatures — and looking good while doing so.   | Read more »
Join the SpongeBob Bubble Party in this...
Join the SpongeBob Bubble Party in this New Match 3 Bubble Poppin’ Frenzy Posted by Jessica Fisher on January 30th, 2015 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Handpick Review
Handpick Review By Jennifer Allen on January 30th, 2015 Our Rating: :: TANTALIZING SUGGESTIONSiPhone App - Designed for the iPhone, compatible with the iPad Handpick will make you hungry, as well as inspire you to cook something... | Read more »
Storm the Halls of Echo Base in First St...
Storm the Halls of Echo Base in First Star Wars: Galactic Defense Event Posted by Jessica Fisher on January 30th, 2015 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Contradiction Review
Contradiction Review By Tre Lawrence on January 30th, 2015 Our Rating: :: SPOT THE LIEiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Contradiction is a live action point and click adventure that’s pretty engaging.   Developer: Tim Follin... | Read more »
Unlock Sunshine Girl in Ironkill with th...
Unlock Sunshine Girl in Ironkill with this special 148Apps code Posted by Rob Rich on January 29th, 2015 [ permalink ] Robo-fighter Ironkill has been out on iOS a | Read more »
Crossroad Zombies Review
Crossroad Zombies Review By Jordan Minor on January 29th, 2015 Our Rating: :: CROSSWALKING DEADiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Crossroad Zombies is a rough draft of a cool genre mash-up.   | Read more »
Blood Brothers 2 – Tips, Cheats, and Str...
War is hell: Is it the kind of hell you want to check out? Read our Blood Brothers 2 review to find out! Blood Brothers 2, DeNA’s follow-up to the original Blood Brothers, is an intriguing card collecting / role-playing / strategy hybrid. There’s... | Read more »
Blood Brothers 2 Review
Blood Brothers 2 Review By Nadia Oxford on January 29th, 2015 Our Rating: :: AN AGGRAVATING RELATIVEUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Blood Brothers 2 is built on a simple, solid foundation, but its free-to-play system... | Read more »
I AM BREAD, the Toast of the Town, is Ro...
Have you ever dreamt of being deliciously gluten-y? Do you feel passionate about Rye and Wheat? The guys at Bossa Studios do and that is why they are bringing I AM BREAD to iOS soon. The loafy app will feature all the new content that is being... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Intel Aims to Transform Workplace With 5th-Ge...
Intel Corporation today announced the availability of its 5th generation Intel Core vPro processor family that provides cutting-edge features to enable a new and rapidly shifting workplace. To meet... Read more
iOS App Sharalike Introduces New Instant Smar...
Sharalike slideshow and photo management software for iOS, is making it easier than ever to create shareable meaningful moments with its new instant SmartShow technology. Staying organized is a goal... Read more
Apple Becomes World’s Largest Smartphone Vend...
According to the latest research data from Strategy Analytics, as global smartphone shipments grew 31 percent annually to reach a record 380 million units in the fourth quarter of 2014. Apple became... Read more
Cut the Cord: OtterBox Resurgence Power Case...
Dead batteries and broken phones are two of the biggest issues for smartphone users today. Otterbox addresses both with the new Resurgence Power Case for Apple iPhone 6, promising to make those panic... Read more
13-inch Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to...
B&H Photo has 13″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for $200 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 2.6GHz/128GB Retina MacBook Pro: $1199.99 save $100 - 13″ 2.6GHz/... Read more
15-inch 2.5GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for...
 B&H Photo has the 15″ 2.5GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for $2319.99 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $180 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this... Read more
Back in stock: Refurbished iPod nanos for $99...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 16GB iPod nanos available for $99 including free shipping and Apple’s standard one-year warranty. That’s $50 off the cost of new nanos. Most colors are... Read more
Apple lowers price on refurbished 256GB MacBo...
The Apple Store has lowered prices on Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 MacBook Airs with 256GB SSDs, now available for up to $200 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included... Read more
New Good Management Suite Simplifies Enterpri...
Good Technology has announced the availability of the Good Management Suite, a comprehensive cross-platform solution for organizations getting started with mobile business initiatives. Built on the... Read more
15-inch 2.0GHz Retina MacBook Pro (refurbishe...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished previous-generation 15″ 2.0GHz Retina MacBook Pros available for $1489 including free shipping plus Apple’s standard one-year warranty. Their price is... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant- Retail Sales (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Event Director, *Apple* Retail Marketing -...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global engagement strategy and team. Delivering an overarching brand Read more
At-Home Chat Specialist- *Apple* Online Stor...
**Job Summary** At Apple , we believe in hard work, a fun environment, and the kind of creativity and innovation that only comes about when talented people from diverse Read more
SW QA Engineer - *Apple* TV - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** The Apple TV team is looking for experienced Quality Assurance Engineers with a passion for delivering first in class home entertainment solutions. **Key Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions(US) - Ap...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you re also the Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.