TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Aug 95 Tips
Volume Number:11
Issue Number:8
Column Tag:Tips & Tidbits

Tips & Tidbits

By Steve Sisak, Contributing Editor

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

TIP OF THE MONTH

While developing an init that installs a system wide patch I needed a simple way to enable or disable it (forcing it to call the original patch) from the controlling application.

I found that the Gestalt manager could come in useful. In fact the procedure that installs a new selector, used in this case to check for the existence of the init, requires you to specify a response function which gets executed whenever the new selector is called. Being the function itself is part of the init, it is able to change the value of a status variable and return its state: assuming that the variable is a boolean. With two gestalt calls (max) it is possible to change the patch status. Follow some code fragments:

// global constants
#define kPatchSelector    'Test'   // must be OSType
#define kPatchNotPresent  0
#define kPatchPresent1

// INIT FRAGMENT
// INIT globals
Boolean gUsePatch = 3Dfalse;
SelectorFunctionUPPgGestaltSelectorFunction;

// install new gestalt selector
OSErr InstallGestalt(void) 
{
 OSErr  error;

 long   oldA4;
 oldA4 =3D SetUpA4();

 gGestaltSelectorFunction = 
 3DNewSelectorFunctionProc(PatchGestalt);
 error = 3DNewGestalt(kPatchSelector, 
 gGestaltSelectorFunction);

 RestoreA4(oldA4);
 return error;
}

//gestalt response function
pascal OSErr PatchGestalt(OSType gestaltSelector,long* 
 gestaltResponse)
{
    // use the global data in _this file_
 long oldA4;
 oldA4 = 3D SetUpA4();

 if (gUsePatch) { 
 *gestaltResponse = 3DkPatchNotPresent;
 gUsePatch = 3Dfalse;
 }
 else {
 *gestaltResponse = 3DkPatchPresent;
 gUsePatch=3Dtrue;
 }

 // restore the a4 world
 RestoreA4(oldA4);
 
 return noErr;
}
// APPLICATION FRAGMENT
OSErr TogglePatch(Boolean engage)
{
 OSErr  error=3DnoErr;
 long   gestaltFeature=3D0;

    //this call switches the = patch status
 error = 3DGestalt(kPatchSelector,&gestaltFeature);

 if (engage) {
    // was = already engaged; turn it back on
 if ((error = 3D = 3DnoErr) &&     
 (gestaltFeature = 3D = 3DkPatchNotPresent))
 error = 3DGestalt(kPatchSelector,&gestaltFeature);
 }
 else {
    // was = already disabled; turn it back off
 if ((error=3D=3DnoErr) && 
 (gestaltFeature=3D=3DkPatchPresent))
 error=3DGestalt(kPatchSelector,&gestaltFeature);
 }

 return error;
}

- Luigi Belverato
Milano, Italy

HandleMenuChoice

This tip may be a little obvious, I caught it right away, but some people may not have noticed the problem yet. Some people may have coded around it to begin with, but I didn't.

System 7.5 was the first time I saw the "Apple Menu Options" control panel. It is an extremely useful tool, I love it and use it constantly. But, there may be a slight difference in the way your application needs to handle menu highliting now that this control panel exists.

Here is the assumption I had been making for a long time: When the user selects a menu item, MenuSelect (and MenuKey) leave the menu title hilited. The application performs the indicated action and then unhilites the menu title. When no menu item is selected by the user (MenuSelect or MenuKey return 0L), the menu titles are not left hilited after the call.

The Apple Menu Options control panel is an exception. A menu selection in a submenu of the apple menu will leave the apple menu hilited, but MenuSelect will return 0L.

In the event handling code I have calls like this:

HandleMenuChoice( MenuSelect( event->where ) );
HandleMenuChoice( MenuKey( event->message & charCodeMask ) );

HandleMenuChoice looked like this:

void  HandleMenuChoice( long menuChoice )
{
 short  menu;
 short  item;
 
 if ( menuChoice != 0L ) {
 menu = HiWord( menuChoice );
 item = LoWord( menuChoice );
 
 switch ( menu ) {
 case mApple:
 HandleAppleChoice( item );
 break;
 case mFile:
 HandleFileChoice( item );
 break;
    // Other menus go here.
 }
 HiliteMenu( 0 );
 }
}

With this code, if the user selected an item in a submenu of the apple menu, the system will switch to the Finder and open the selected item (thanks to Apple Menu Options). When you switch back to your application, the apple menu will still be hilited (even if you call DrawMenuBar on the switch).

The work around is simple, call HiliteMenu( 0 ) even if MenuSelect returns 0L.

HandleMenuChoice should look like this:

void  HandleMenuChoice( long menuChoice )
{
 short  menu;
 short  item;
 
 if ( menuChoice != 0L ) {
 menu = HiWord( menuChoice );
 item = LoWord( menuChoice );
 
 switch ( menu ) {
 case mApple:
 HandleAppleChoice( item );
 break;
 case mFile:
 HandleFileChoice( item );
 break;
 // Other menus
 }
 // HiliteMenu( 0 ) was here
 }
 HiliteMenu( 0 );  // moved it to here
}

Your code may not look anything like this, but the idea is to call HiliteMenu( 0 ) even if MenuSelect returns 0L.

- Don Bresee
Los Angeles, CA

The Lost Paper

True story: I was once typing in some text in a word processor, when the computer suddenly crashed on me. I didn’t save a copy on to the hard-disk yet. I had to restart the computer and type it all over again. “But wait, the paper is still in the machine” I thought to myself. You see, when you restart all of the computer’s memory doesn’t get cleared, it just stays to what it was until it gets replaced with other information (usually, much like the behavior of a hard-disk). I had one thing going for me, I had MacsBug installed. Here are the steps I took to recover the paper:

First, I logged all of the work I was doing in MacsBug to a file. I did this using the “log” command. All you need to give the command is the name of the new file to log to. I named it “MyPaper” Good, now all of my MacsBug session will be on the hard-disk, so I can open it up with a normal text editor when I’m done.

Next, I needed to find where in memory my paper was. I did this using the “f” command. The first two parameters for this command is the range in memory in which you want MacsBug to search through. I wanted to search through all of my memory, which is 8 megs, so I typed in: “f 0 (400 * 400 * 8) “any string””. Where 0 is the beginning of memory and 8 megs is the top of it. The last parameter is the search string, balanced between two single quotes. I wanted to pick a distinct string, otherwise I would have hit other parts of memory that had it too, making the process take longer. I knew the word aardvark was mentioned in my paper, so I typed in this for the find command:

f 0 (400 * 400 * 8) “aardvark”

MacsBug then started searching for me. It came up with a small memory dump of something with the word arrdvark in it, but the words after it were not mine. (Which meant that I found another part of memory instead of my paper.) I then hit return to tell MacsBug to keep on searching. It then came up with a dump from my paper:

Searching for “aardvark” from 00000000 to 007FFFFF
  00358200  6161 7264 7661 726B  8000 0000 0000 002C  aardvark answer,

Which was very good news indeed! This told me that the string “aardvark answer” could be found at address 00358200. (I got this address from the leftmost number given.)

Now that I knew where it was, the rest my task would be easy. I used MacsBug’s display memory ASCII command to show me what came after it, by typing in: “dma 00358200”. (You might not have this command, in which case you’ll have to use plain old dm, instead of dma.) I hit return until my paper was done being displayed.

Note: You can subract a number from the address to see what was before it. For instance, subracting #200 from an address will give you the address of the first byte of the 200 byte block before it.

I then typed in “log” again, which closed my log. I finally went out of MacsBug and opened the log file with SimpleText. Remember, the log had my whole session, not just the paper, so I had to delete the addresses and such from it, (which really isn’t that hard to do, if you know how to use your mouse and your delete key efficiently). The paper was saved.

Warning: In your search you might stumble upon MacsBug’s very own memory, with its own copy of your search string. To get out of this recursive loop, start the search over again with the base search address being outside of MacsBug’s memory.

- Macneil Shonle
Yarmouth Maine, MacneilS@aol.com

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Postbox 5.0.9 - Powerful and flexible em...
Postbox is a new email application that helps you organize your work life and get stuff done. It has all the elegance and simplicity of Apple Mail, but with more power and flexibility to manage even... Read more
VueScan 9.5.61 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more
DiskCatalogMaker 6.5.16 - Catalog your d...
DiskCatalogMaker is a simple disk management tool which catalogs disks. Simple, light-weight, and fast. Finder-like intuitive look and feel. Super-fast search algorithm. Can compress catalog data... Read more
TrailRunner 3.8.827 - Route planning for...
TrailRunner is the perfect companion for runners, bikers, hikers, and all people wandering under the sky. Plan routes on a geographical map. Import GPS or workout recordings and journalize your... Read more
Civilization VI 1.0.1 - Next iteration o...
Sid Meier’s Civilization VI is the next entry in the popular Civilization franchise. Originally created by legendary game designer Sid Meier, Civilization is a strategy game in which you attempt to... Read more
Chromium 55.0.2883.75 - Fast and stable...
Chromium is an open-source browser project that aims to build a safer, faster, and more stable way for all Internet users to experience the web. Version 55.0.2883.75: Security fixes: High CVE-2016... Read more
Google Chrome 55.0.2883.75 - Modern and...
Google Chrome is a Web browser by Google, created to be a modern platform for Web pages and applications. It utilizes very fast loading of Web pages and has a V8 engine, which is a custom built... Read more
VirtualBox 5.1.10 - x86 virtualization s...
VirtualBox is a family of powerful x86 virtualization products for enterprise as well as home use. Not only is VirtualBox an extremely feature rich, high performance product for enterprise customers... Read more
Pixa 1.1.9 - Quickly and easily organize...
Pixa is an image-organizing application. The new app functions well, is easy to use, and helps people organize their images quickly and easily on their computers. For those who prefer not to use the... Read more
VirtualBox 5.1.10 - x86 virtualization s...
VirtualBox is a family of powerful x86 virtualization products for enterprise as well as home use. Not only is VirtualBox an extremely feature rich, high performance product for enterprise customers... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Amateur Surgeon 4 Guide: Become the worl...
It's time to wield your trusty pizza cutter again, as Amateur Surgeon has returned with a whole fresh set of challenges (and some old, familiar ones, too). Starting anew isn't easy, especially when all you have at your disposal is a lighter, the... | Read more »
Le Parker: Sous Chef Extraordinaire (Ga...
Le Parker: Sous Chef Extraordinaire 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
Telltale Games really is working on a Gu...
Telltale Games' next episodic adventure is indeed Guardians of the Galaxy. A document tied to the voice actors strike suggested that the project was in the work, but now we have direct confirmation following an announcement at the Game Awards that... | Read more »
Amateur Surgeon returns to iOS and Andro...
Amateur Surgeon and its two sequels disappeared from the App Store some time and it was sad days for all. But now, just in time for the holidays, the Adult Swim favorite makes its joyous return in the shape of Amateur Surgeon 4, a remake with... | Read more »
The best board games on mobile
Sometimes you need to ditch all of the high speed, high action games in favor of something a little more traditional. If you don't feel like parting ways from your mobile device, though, there are still plenty of ways to get that old-school fix.... | Read more »
The best Facebook Messenger Instant Game...
Facebook's new Instant Games is now here, meaning you can play games with your friends directly via Facebook. It's a fun new way to connect with friends, of course, but it's also proving to be a solid gaming experience in its own right, with a... | Read more »
You can now play game's on Facebook...
Facebook launched its new Instant Games platform in an exciting new attempt to engage its user base. As a result, you can now play a number of different games directly through Facebook Messenger. All of these games run with HTML5, meaning you play... | Read more »
Apollo Justice Ace Attorney (Games)
Apollo Justice Ace Attorney 1.00.00 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.00.00 (iTunes) Description: Court Is Back In Session Star as rookie defense attorney, Apollo Justice, as he visits crime scenes,... | Read more »
KORG iWAVESTATION (Music)
KORG iWAVESTATION 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Music Price: $19.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: A revolutionary new world of sound.The Wave Sequence Synthesizer for iPad - KORG iWAVESTATION | Read more »
Don't Grind Guide: Tips for becomin...
Don’t Grind is a surprising, derpy little one touch game with fun hand-drawn graphics. The goal is simple -- get the high score without being chopped to bits. That can be tough when you’re not used to the game, and that’s compounded by the fact... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Holiday sale: Apple MacBook Airs available fo...
B&H Photo has 13″ MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MMGF2LL/A): $899 $100 off MSRP - 13″ 1.6GHz/... Read more
13-inch Silver Touch Bar MacBook Pro in stock...
Amazon has the new 2016 13″ 2.9GHz/256GB Silver Touch Bar MacBook Pro (MLVP2LL/A) in stock today and on sale for $1749 including free shipping. That’s $50 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price... Read more
Parallels Toolbox 1.3 for Mac Offers 25 Singl...
Parallels has launched Parallels Toolbox 1.3 for Mac, an upgrade that adds five new utilities to the stand-alone application which was released in August and is available exclusively online at http... Read more
OWC Mercury Elite Pro Dual mini Ultra-Portabl...
OWC has introduced the new OWC Mercury Elite Pro Dual mini, a powerful yet ultra-portable dual-drive RAID solution. The new Mercury Elite Pro Dual mini packs phenomenal performance into a small... Read more
Clearance 13-inch Retina MacBook Pros availab...
B&H Photo has clearance 2015 13″ Retina Apple MacBook Pros available for up to $200 off original MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY tax only: - 13″ 2.7GHz/128GB Retina MacBook Pro: $... Read more
Roundup of 2016 13-inch 2.0GHz MacBook Pro sa...
B&H has the non-Touch Bar 13″ MacBook Pros in stock today for $50-$100 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 2.0GHz MacBook Pro Space Gray (MLL42LL/A): $1449 $... Read more
New 13-inch 2.0GHz Space Gray MacBook Pro in...
Adorama has the new 13″ 2.0GHz Space Gray MacBook Pro (non-Touch Bar, MLL42LL/A) in stock for $1499 including a free 3-year AppleCare Protection Plan. Shipping is free, and Adorama charges sales tax... Read more
Finnair Adopts iOS Enterprise iPad Apps from...
Finnair and IBM have announced a first-of-its-kind agreement to utilize iOS enterprise apps from IBM to support the airline’s overall digital transformation. Finnair is focused on Asia-Europe traffic... Read more
Tech21 Launches Evo Go iPhone 7 Case Availabl...
Tech21 has announced the launch of the Evo Go case for Apple iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus, exclusively at T-Mobile. Available online and at participating T-Mobile stores nationwide, Evo Go cases start... Read more
Apple Turns (RED) with More Ways to Join the...
In recognition of World AIDS Day, Apple is offering more ways than ever for customers to join (RED) in its mission to create an AIDS-free generation. Apple is the worlds largest corporate contributor... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions- Kansas...
Job Description:SalesSpecialist - Retail Customer Service and SalesTransform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions- Chicago...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Hardware Design Validation Engineer - *Apple...
The Apple Watch team is looking for a Hardware Design Validation Engineer. This person will be part of the Apple Watch hardware team with responsibilities for Read more
SW Engineer *Apple* TV Frameworks - Apple I...
The Apple TV team is looking for a software...create features that reflect the look and feel of Apple TV. Description: Were looking for someone who is Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions- Greenwi...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.