TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Installer Roundup
Volume Number:10
Issue Number:5
Column Tag:Tools of the trade

Installer Roundup

The last thing you think of may be the first thing your customer sees!

By Kevin Savetz

Your software probably arrives on your users’ desks on floppy disks, perhaps sealed in a little white envelope covered in tiny lawyerspeak. Your manuals may be thick and your tech support may be free, but before the user can run your software, they need to install it onto a computer system. Getting it there is half the battle - welcome to the wonderful world of software installers.

As the advertisements for just about all of the following products will tell you, your software installer is an important - but often overlooked - part of your product. Most of today’s software products are disk space gluttons that must be distributed on multiple floppy disks. The installer is a program that takes the files on your product distribution disk(s) and puts them in their appropriate locations on the end user’s computer.

Depending on your needs and the complexity of the installer, the program may make decisions on the best way to install the files on the user’s computer - based on installation “rules” that you define. For instance, you may have versions of your program for color and monochrome systems, or for machines with and without an FPU chip. Many installers feature various types of compression, necessary on all but the smallest products, which saves space on your distribution disks by compressing your files by two to three times.

On the Macintosh, the most familiar installer is surely Apple’s own. If you’ve ever (re-)installed System 7 on a Mac, you’re already familiar with Apple’s Installer. Traditionally, creating installers for your applications that look and feel like Apple’s has been a laborious process, requiring coding of “installer scripts” that define how the installer works. Multi-disk installations and rule-based installations only complicate this process. A couple of the installer-creation applications seek to ease the pain of creating Apple-esque installers by doing the majority of the work for you.

Apple’s Installer offers a number of features, and we’ll cover a few briefly. Custom splash screens are as simple as having a named PICT in your script. You can add custom code resources for before and after actions. For example, you could have an “after” action to decompress a file once it’s copied into place. You could also write custom code to play a sound (maybe to teach users how to pronounce your product name) or bring up a dialog to remind your customer to do something.

Apple’s Installer in action

Although Apple’s installer is elegant for the end user, and it’s extremely powerful, especially with complicated installs (like Apple system releases), it may not be everything you want. It is quirky and doesn’t handle very complex installation decisions. So, a variety of applications exist for creating other types of installers. Although the end products of these applications lack the look and feel of Apple’s own Installer (some would say this is a definite plus!) they often include features absent in the standard installer like built-in file compression and so forth.

Which installer is right for you? Naturally, this depends on many things. How much time do you have to create the installer? If your product is already a month past the expected shipping date, you probably won’t want to spend a week or more writing a custom installer script.

Are you a programmer? Some installer applications require that you muck about in MPW, Think C or ResEdit to create a customized installer; others do all the dirty work for you. Touching up an installer isn’t a problem for most developers - but ready-to-go installers are a great choice for non-programmers or those who couldn’t possibly stand to eye another line of code. Some of these installers are so easy to use that non-programming members of your organization may very well be able to build installers for you.

How much money can you afford? Prices for installer applications and distribution licenses are all across the board. Some applications are free, and require a license fee based on the number of units of your product installer you will distribute. Some installers cost something but offer unlimited distribution. The price you’ll pay for many products may be a flat fee, or may depend on your projected sales or other criteria. At any rate, get the full story on cost and licensing fees before deciding on an installer application.

Finally, consider who your end users are. Are they hardened professionals, or clueless newbies who may appreciate the familiarity of Apple’s installer?

Below are comments about six installer programs. Frankly, in the end all these products produce fine, usable installers. The comments will point to you interesting features and pitfalls and will guide you to the type of installer that you need. After narrowing down your search, try out the most promising installer applications on your project - most of these tools are available for limited testing - to choose the one that best suits your needs.

Whichever you pick, it sure beats coding your own installer from scratch...

ScriptGen Pro

StepUp software’s ScriptGen Pro provides a simple way to create and manage scripts for use with Apple’s Installer program. Its intuitive interface makes creating Installer scripts blissfully simple and quick. Finished Installer scripts look and feel just like Apple’s, including “easy install” or customized installations and an optional splash screen. ScriptGen’s scripts are professional-looking and easy to use.

ScriptGen supports the most common features of Apple’s installer, including file decompression, copying files to system- or user-specified folders, installing fonts and copying resources into files. You can define “packages” of files which the user can hand-select using the Installer’s “custom install” feature, or just let “easy install” do the work for the user.

ScriptGen knows to place control panels and extensions in their appropriate destinations, depending on the user’s system version. However, ScriptGen can’t create scripts that include rules (installation procedures that choose files based on what type of computer the user is running.) If the software you want to install depends on the monitor type (for instance,) the best workaround is creating two scripts, with names like “Color Installer” and “B&W Installer.” This probably won’t work well for installations that have multiple variables, like System version, monitor type and so on.

ScriptGen Pro supports “action atoms” which extend the functionality of installer scripts. StepUp Software offers a separate product, InstallerPack, which includes six useful atoms. The package includes action atoms that decompress your StuffIt, Diamond and Compact Pro archives on the fly. Compression and file segmentation is not handled within ScriptGen Pro or InstallerPack - you must use a third-party compression program for those tasks, then run ScriptGen to create the finished installer.

ScriptGen Pro includes both the ability to force a restart, and it also gives you the ability to offer the user the chance to uninstall. To liven things up, you can use other InstallerPack atoms to show PICT-format pictures and even play sounds during installation.

ScriptGen Pro in action

The ScriptGen Pro and InstallerPack manuals are slim but well-written. StepUp Software requires no licensing fees for scripts generated with ScriptGen Pro, although license fees are required for Apple’s Installer program as well as InstallerPack’s action atoms.

Script-Ease

Script-Ease, from Glen Canyon Software, is another utility for creating and editing Apple Installer scripts. Script-Ease is a powerful tool for creating full-featured installation scripts - but with that power come dozens of options and a steep learning curve.

The traditional way of writing Installer scripts is in MPW typing in the code for the individual resources, and using Rez to create the Installer Script. This really doesn't seem like you're using a Macintosh, does it? Script-Ease was designed for those who don't want to type so much and who would rather use a standard Macintosh interface to create a script.

Installer scripts created with Script-Ease and combined with Apple’s Installer software are friendly, intelligent and professional-looking. Besides letting the end user customize software installation by choosing amongst pre-defined file packages, Script-Ease allows rule-based installation: the “easy install” option can install files depending on the user’s system configuration. For instance, you can have your installer script install one version of an application for 68000-processors and a different version for 68020s.

Script-Ease’s scripts includes other handy features, including the ability to force a restart after software installation and the ability for the user to uninstall software any time after installing it. Installer applications can include a splash screen, but you’ll have to add one manually with ResEdit. Clear instructions on how to do this are included in the manual.

Script-Ease supports action atoms, and includes a small army of atoms for copying files and resources, tweaking a disk’s boot blocks and creating audit trails. Compression and decompression can be handled through Glen Canyon’s GCS Compressor software, sold separately. CGS Compressor includes a proprietary file compression application and action atoms for decompression, finding the amount of free disk space and joining file resources. GCS Compressor doesn’t require any other compression tools like StuffIt or Compact Pro.

The manuals are very thorough and include several tutorials to get you started. Script-Ease and GCS Compressor offer a complete set of installation tools and a clean, professional installer script. However, this product isn’t for the faint of heart - it takes time and patience to learn the many complex steps necessary to create even a simple installation script.

Smaller Installer

The Smaller Installer toolkit consists of an installer builder and a set of auxiliary files that work in combination with Compact Pro (a popular file compression utility). The purpose of Smaller Installer is to provide easy-to-use installers while overcoming the limitations of Compact Pro’s standard self-extracting archives. This combination creates small, customizable, gimmick-free installers.

If you need an installer without a complex interface or file placement rules, Smaller Installer will provide. More complex tasks are possible, but may require knowledge and use of a resource editor and MPW.

Smaller Installer in action

Smaller Installer’s installers are simple and straightforward. More robust features require other tools, but the manual guides you though the steps necessary for creating an installer customized to your needs. For instance, your installer can have a customized user interface tailored to your requirements - with your logo and an onscreen “read-me” file - but you’ll need to spend a couple hours in ResEdit to do it. An included toolkit includes “starter” resource files you can use as templates for your own customized resources. As a well-though-out addition, Smaller Installer includes ready-to-use resources for creating installers in Swedish, French, German and Japanese. Nice touch.

Smaller Installer helps with Non-English installs

Another powerful feature of Smaller Installer allows you to create “installer hook procedures” - code resources that modify installation based on user’s system configuration (using “rules”). You can select files based on specific machine features, personalize an application after installing it, or even remove files from a previous version of your product. Again, these “hooks” are robust, but don’t come easily - you’ll need to hack them out in Think C or MPW - but the manual gives a complete description of the steps to take. The product also includes several examples of working hooks.

All in all, Smaller Installer creates clean, easy-to-use installers that can be as simple or complex as you need.

DragInstall

Another tool on the installer front is DragInstall from Ray Sauers Associates. It truly simplifies the complex task of creating installer applications. It, too, produces clean, easy-to-use installers. DragInstall wins points for being one of the simplest to use from the developer’s standpoint, too: you can create complex installations - even based on the configuration of the user’s system - with ease. It also features built-in compression and support for “x-rays”, external routines that provide information about the user’s system and increase the functionality of DragInstall.

DragInstall’s built-in compression (which has been improved over previous incarnations in version 1.5.3) allows you to specify “best”, “faster” or no compression. For installations that aren’t huge, you might want to use the “faster” compression, which speeds up compression time by a third by sacrificing some compression size. Most of the time, though, stick with the “best” compression mode to save space on your distribution disks.

DragInstall’s installation interface is simple and unique - the user just drags an installation folder icon onto an icon depicting the desired destination hard disk, and voila! Instant install.

DragInstall doing its thing

Built-in rules can customize placement of files and folders cased on the users’ CPU type, FPU, color, memory size and system software version. It also enables development of installers that intelligently update software with options for replacing and updating old versions of your software.

Although you probably won’t need to, you can use your favorite programming language to create x-rays, code resources that add functions to DragInstall installers. You might create an x-ray to delete old versions of your software or serialize a newly-installed package. DragInstall includes x-rays [for making aliases from installer files, renaming files] and so on.

The product includes templates for creating installers in French, German and Italian, as well as English. Creating an installer for an these languages doesn’t even require a trip to ResEdit - just select a template from the builder application. Of course, you can also hack out installers in Spanish, Swahili or Pig Latin with a resource editor.

StuffIt InstallerMaker

From Aladdin Systems, the folks who brought us the StuffIt series of compression programs, comes InstallerMaker, a strong contender in the battle of the installers. InstallerMaker has integrated compression and strong support for file placement "rules."

MPW and ResEdit are not needed to create powerful installers. InstallerMaker is very easy to learn - our first installer - complete with splash screen, rule-based package installation and on-screen “read-me” text - was created in about forty minutes without so much as a glance at the manual nor a trip to ResEdit. Even more incredibly, the finished installer worked perfectly.

Aladdin Systems has been distributing its StuffIt line of compression programs since (seemingly) the dawn of the Macintosh. The compression used in InstallerMaker is among the best available.

InstallerMaker includes the ability to customize installers by adding custom code “extensions” that can add any steps that you desire to any part of the installation process.

StuffIt InstallerMaker allows you to place files based on the user’s system configuration, or can let the user choose from a list of pre-defined installation packages. It provides easy addition of a custom splash screen and onscreen text (for licensing or “read me” notes.)

InstallerMaker’s interface is appealing and intuitive. Icons make the process of choosing how and where to place files blissfully simple. Choose the “7” in the “system” column to place an item only on System 7 computers, choose “6/7” to also place the item on System 6 machines, and so on. Pick the rainbow to install a folder on color systems or the checkerboard for black-and-white systems. Choosing the files’ locations is as easy, once you learn to identify the icons that mean user folder, system folder, extensions folder and so on.

InstallerMaker in action

The manual is among the best, including step-by-step instructions, tutorials, sample code for custom installation extensions and a list of commonly asked questions and answers.

As a rule, we generally don’t mention as-yet-undelivered features, but we’ll make an exception because of the recent release of PowerMacintosh. A new version of InstallerMaker is planned for shortly after the release of the Power Macintosh, and it plans to support fat binaries ("smart" install, install fat, or ask the user), and offer control over whether you install only on Power Mac or only on 68K Mac. It may also include requested features like the ability to select localization languages, Gestalt values as condition options, and custom progress cursors.

DeveloperVISE

The final product to land on my desk was Developer VISE from MindVision software, makers of Stacker For Macintosh and Application VISE (an application resource compression tool). Developer VISE offers an easy-to-use graphical interface for building product installers. You can create installers with a one-stop “easy install” option and user-controlled installation of file packages. Compression is built in. The end product is elegant and professional, and MindVision claims to produce the smallest installer sets.

Developer VISEin action

The application for creating an installer is similar in look and feel to StuffIt InstallerMaker or Compact Pro. It provides an intuitive interface and sleek features like file packages that you can name (rather than using obscure labels like “package A”), diagnostic tools (that find empty packages, for example), and the ability to print reports of installer archives and packages. Tools like these make this product particularly strong for large or complex software installations.

More Developer VISE in action

Developer VISE provides excellent control during and even after the installation. You can create external code resources, allowing you to fully customize your installation procedure. When installation is finished, you can make your installer return to the Finder, suggest the user restart the computer, or force a system restart. It can install resources into the System file, and it can optionally generate a log file so users can see what you did to their machine.

PowerPC developers aren’t left out with Developer VISE. In addition to the usual abilities of installing based on the user’s monitor type, memory and so on, Developer VISE customizes installations depending on whether the user is running a 68000-based Mac or a PowerPC. For example, PowerPC-specific resources can be removed from fat applications being installed on 68000-based machines. In addition, the Developer VISE application can use native PowerPC code for compression of your software archives. Nifty.

Developer VISE lets you easily add a splash screen. You can delve in to ResEdit if you want to go even further and customize the installer’s look. The manual of the beta version we reviewed was a good start, although admittedly incomplete [The manual is now complete - Ed stb]. Developer VISEcomes with a tutorial and about ten samples of code for extending the installer’s capabilities.

All in all, Developer VISE is a robust package worth checking out.

What’s Next

Now that you’ve read about them, it’s time to give them a try. Each of these products offers more features and value than we covered here. Playing with them will give you a much clearer idea of whether they will meet your unique needs. Most of these products are available for a free trial. Pick a few, and give them a test drive.

Products mentioned in this article...

Apple Installer. Apple Computer, Inc. (408) 974-4667. AppleLink: SW.LICENSE. Information is also available on E.T.O.

Developer VISE. MindVision Software. PO Box 81886, Lincoln, Nebraska, 68501. (402) 477-3269 voice, (402) 477-1395 fax. AOL, AppleLink: MindVision; CompuServe: 70253,1437.

DragInstall. Ray Sauers Associates. 1187 Main Avenue, Suite 1B. Clifton, New Jersey, 07011. (201) 478-1970. AOL: Sauers; CompuServe: 70731,2326; AppleLink:D1922.

Script-Ease. Glen Canyon Software. 3921 Shasta View. Eugene, OR. 97405. (800) 477-6947 or (503) 345-6360. AppleLink: GlenCanyon

ScriptGen Pro and InstallerPack. StepUp Software. 710 Glendora Avenue, Dallas, Texas 75230-5428. (214) 360-9301 voice, (214) 360-0127 fax. AppleLink: StepUp; AOL: StepUp1; CIS: 73607,3630.

Smaller Installer. Cyclos. PO Box 31417, San Francisco, CA 94131-0417. (415) 821-1448. AppleLink: CYCLOS; CompuServe: 71101,204.

StuffIt InstallerMaker. Aladdin Systems. 165 Westridge Drive. Watsonville, CA 95076. (408) 761-6200 voice, (408) 761-6206 fax. AOL, AppleLink: Aladdin; CompuServe: 75300,1666.

 
AAPL
$99.18
Apple Inc.
-1.57
MSFT
$45.90
Microsoft Corpora
-0.46
GOOG
$568.27
Google Inc.
-9.09

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Cocktail Family License (5 Macs) 7.6.1 -...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
Cocktail 8.0 Beta 2 - General maintenanc...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
QuickBooks 2015 16.0.0.1352 R1 - Financi...
QuickBooks 2015 helps you manage your business easily and efficiently. Organize your finances all in one place, track money going in and out of your business, and spot areas where you can save.... Read more
Mac DVDRipper Pro 5.0.1 - Copy, backup,...
Mac DVDRipper Pro is the DVD backup solution that lets you protect your DVDs from scratches, save your batteries by reading your movies from your hard disk, manage your collection with just a few... Read more
Apple OS X bash Update 1.0 - Fix for sec...
The OS X bash Update fixes a security flaw in the bash UNIX shell on OS X 10.9.5 (also on OS X 10.8 and 10.7 [see Related Links below]). OS X 10.9.5 or later Downloads for OS X 10.8 and OS X 10.7 in... Read more
SyncTwoFolders 2.0.5 - Syncs two user-sp...
SyncTwoFolders simply synchronizes two folders. It supports synchronization across mounted network drives and it is a possibility to run a simulation showing in a log what will be done. Please visit... Read more
FinderPop 2.5.7 - Classic Mac utility, n...
FinderPop is a Universal preference pane that extends OS X's contextual menus using a FinderPop Items folder much as the Apple Menu Items folder used to do for the Apple menu. It has other features... Read more
VueScan 9.4.45 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more
LibreOffice 4.3.2.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
calibre 2.4 - Complete e-library managem...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Banner Saga (Games)
Banner Saga 1.0.17 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $9.99, Version: 1.0.17 (iTunes) Description: NOTE: The Banner Saga does NOT run on iPhone 4. iPhone 4S and more modern devices recommended. | Read more »
Beatbuddy HD (Games)
Beatbuddy HD 1.0.2 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.2 (iTunes) Description: **IMPORTANT** Beatbuddy runs only on iPhone 6, 6 Plus, 5, 5c, 5s, iPad 4, iPad Mini Retina and iPad Air. | Read more »
Spirits of Spring (Games)
Spirits of Spring 1.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: From the creators of the award-winning empathy game, Papo & Yo, comes a tale about finding strength. | Read more »
I am a brave knight (Games)
I am a brave knight 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Do you have ten minutes to live a life? | Read more »
iKeywi - Customizable 5-Row Keyboard (U...
iKeywi - Customizable 5-Row Keyboard 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Utilities Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Want to add an extra row to your iPhone/iPad? One of the most popular keyboard extension in iOS... | Read more »
Manage Your Cloud – Wunderlist Now Suppo...
Manage Your Cloud – Wunderlist Now Supports Dropbox Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 1st, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Nexticy Review
Nexticy Review By Jennifer Allen on October 1st, 2014 Our Rating: :: IDEAL FORM CREATIONiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Nexticy allows you to make your own forms for research purposes or to organize your business better. It’s... | Read more »
Tiny Troopers: Alliance Marches onto the...
Tiny Troopers: Alliance Marches onto the App Store Tomorrow Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 1st, 2014 [ permalink ] Tiny Troopers: Alliance, by Kukouri, is a | Read more »
HeroCraft Introduces Unlimited Sequel to...
HeroCraft Introduces Unlimited Sequel to WW2: Sandbox. Strategy & Tactics Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 1st, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
RGB Express Review
RGB Express Review By Jennifer Allen on October 1st, 2014 Our Rating: :: DELIGHTFUL PUZZLINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Guide trucks along their delivery routes in RGB Express, a testing but charming puzzle game... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Logitech Type+ iPad Air Keyboard Case: Laptop...
If you want to make your iPad Air look and feel more like a laptop for productivity use, as well as protect it from impacts, spills, and scratches while on the move, the new Logitech Type+, a... Read more
ASUS, Lenovo, and Amazon Slug It Out For Tabl...
According to market intelligence firm ABI Research, Apple and Samsung have led the touchscreen tablet market by a substantial margin since Apple energized the category back in 2010. However, ABI says... Read more
Branded Tablet Growth Expected to Disappoint...
ABI Research says the 200 million annual shipments milestone for branded tablets continues to elude OEM vendors, and overall growth for 2014 is set to come in at a disappointing 2.5 percent. Apple... Read more
Amazon offers 13-inch MacBook Air for $899, $...
Amazon.com has the 13″ 1.4GHz 128GB MacBook Air on sale for $100 off MSRP including free shipping: - 13″ 1.4GHz 128GB MacBook Air: $899.99 Read more
Apple resting On Its iPhone Laurels? – The ‘B...
Apple calls its new iPhone 6 and 6 Plus “The Biggest Advancements in iPhone History,” but does reality live up to the hype? “Seldom have so many waited so breathlessly for so little,” tweeted veteran... Read more
Roundup of Apple Mac and iPad Education disco...
Purchase a new Mac or iPad at The Apple Store for Education and take up to $300 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution qualify for the discount. Shipping is free,... Read more
Apple Boycotts German Magazine Computer Bild...
Apple has revoked its PR accreditation of Germany’s Computer Bild, Europe’s best-selling PC magazine, in reaction to Bild’s posting of a “#Bentgate” YouTube video. Axel Telzerow, editor in chief of... Read more
iPhone 6 & iPhone 6 Plus Available in Chi...
Apple has announced that iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus will be available in China beginning Friday, October 17 from the Apple Online Store (http://www.apple.com), Apple’s retail stores, and an expansive... Read more
MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP, start...
Best Buy has the new 2014 MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store. Choose free home shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Prices valid for online orders only, in-... Read more
Apple Releases OS X Mavericks bash Update 1.0...
Apple has released a patch update for OS X Mavericks users to address the recently-detected “Shellshock” security bug in BSD UNIX’s bash shell. Apple says only a few Mac users who had manually... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Project Manager / Business Analyst, WW *Appl...
…a senior project manager / business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Fulfillment Operations and the Business Process Re-engineering team. This role will work Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.