TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Installer Roundup
Volume Number:10
Issue Number:5
Column Tag:Tools of the trade

Installer Roundup

The last thing you think of may be the first thing your customer sees!

By Kevin Savetz

Your software probably arrives on your users’ desks on floppy disks, perhaps sealed in a little white envelope covered in tiny lawyerspeak. Your manuals may be thick and your tech support may be free, but before the user can run your software, they need to install it onto a computer system. Getting it there is half the battle - welcome to the wonderful world of software installers.

As the advertisements for just about all of the following products will tell you, your software installer is an important - but often overlooked - part of your product. Most of today’s software products are disk space gluttons that must be distributed on multiple floppy disks. The installer is a program that takes the files on your product distribution disk(s) and puts them in their appropriate locations on the end user’s computer.

Depending on your needs and the complexity of the installer, the program may make decisions on the best way to install the files on the user’s computer - based on installation “rules” that you define. For instance, you may have versions of your program for color and monochrome systems, or for machines with and without an FPU chip. Many installers feature various types of compression, necessary on all but the smallest products, which saves space on your distribution disks by compressing your files by two to three times.

On the Macintosh, the most familiar installer is surely Apple’s own. If you’ve ever (re-)installed System 7 on a Mac, you’re already familiar with Apple’s Installer. Traditionally, creating installers for your applications that look and feel like Apple’s has been a laborious process, requiring coding of “installer scripts” that define how the installer works. Multi-disk installations and rule-based installations only complicate this process. A couple of the installer-creation applications seek to ease the pain of creating Apple-esque installers by doing the majority of the work for you.

Apple’s Installer offers a number of features, and we’ll cover a few briefly. Custom splash screens are as simple as having a named PICT in your script. You can add custom code resources for before and after actions. For example, you could have an “after” action to decompress a file once it’s copied into place. You could also write custom code to play a sound (maybe to teach users how to pronounce your product name) or bring up a dialog to remind your customer to do something.

Apple’s Installer in action

Although Apple’s installer is elegant for the end user, and it’s extremely powerful, especially with complicated installs (like Apple system releases), it may not be everything you want. It is quirky and doesn’t handle very complex installation decisions. So, a variety of applications exist for creating other types of installers. Although the end products of these applications lack the look and feel of Apple’s own Installer (some would say this is a definite plus!) they often include features absent in the standard installer like built-in file compression and so forth.

Which installer is right for you? Naturally, this depends on many things. How much time do you have to create the installer? If your product is already a month past the expected shipping date, you probably won’t want to spend a week or more writing a custom installer script.

Are you a programmer? Some installer applications require that you muck about in MPW, Think C or ResEdit to create a customized installer; others do all the dirty work for you. Touching up an installer isn’t a problem for most developers - but ready-to-go installers are a great choice for non-programmers or those who couldn’t possibly stand to eye another line of code. Some of these installers are so easy to use that non-programming members of your organization may very well be able to build installers for you.

How much money can you afford? Prices for installer applications and distribution licenses are all across the board. Some applications are free, and require a license fee based on the number of units of your product installer you will distribute. Some installers cost something but offer unlimited distribution. The price you’ll pay for many products may be a flat fee, or may depend on your projected sales or other criteria. At any rate, get the full story on cost and licensing fees before deciding on an installer application.

Finally, consider who your end users are. Are they hardened professionals, or clueless newbies who may appreciate the familiarity of Apple’s installer?

Below are comments about six installer programs. Frankly, in the end all these products produce fine, usable installers. The comments will point to you interesting features and pitfalls and will guide you to the type of installer that you need. After narrowing down your search, try out the most promising installer applications on your project - most of these tools are available for limited testing - to choose the one that best suits your needs.

Whichever you pick, it sure beats coding your own installer from scratch...

ScriptGen Pro

StepUp software’s ScriptGen Pro provides a simple way to create and manage scripts for use with Apple’s Installer program. Its intuitive interface makes creating Installer scripts blissfully simple and quick. Finished Installer scripts look and feel just like Apple’s, including “easy install” or customized installations and an optional splash screen. ScriptGen’s scripts are professional-looking and easy to use.

ScriptGen supports the most common features of Apple’s installer, including file decompression, copying files to system- or user-specified folders, installing fonts and copying resources into files. You can define “packages” of files which the user can hand-select using the Installer’s “custom install” feature, or just let “easy install” do the work for the user.

ScriptGen knows to place control panels and extensions in their appropriate destinations, depending on the user’s system version. However, ScriptGen can’t create scripts that include rules (installation procedures that choose files based on what type of computer the user is running.) If the software you want to install depends on the monitor type (for instance,) the best workaround is creating two scripts, with names like “Color Installer” and “B&W Installer.” This probably won’t work well for installations that have multiple variables, like System version, monitor type and so on.

ScriptGen Pro supports “action atoms” which extend the functionality of installer scripts. StepUp Software offers a separate product, InstallerPack, which includes six useful atoms. The package includes action atoms that decompress your StuffIt, Diamond and Compact Pro archives on the fly. Compression and file segmentation is not handled within ScriptGen Pro or InstallerPack - you must use a third-party compression program for those tasks, then run ScriptGen to create the finished installer.

ScriptGen Pro includes both the ability to force a restart, and it also gives you the ability to offer the user the chance to uninstall. To liven things up, you can use other InstallerPack atoms to show PICT-format pictures and even play sounds during installation.

ScriptGen Pro in action

The ScriptGen Pro and InstallerPack manuals are slim but well-written. StepUp Software requires no licensing fees for scripts generated with ScriptGen Pro, although license fees are required for Apple’s Installer program as well as InstallerPack’s action atoms.

Script-Ease

Script-Ease, from Glen Canyon Software, is another utility for creating and editing Apple Installer scripts. Script-Ease is a powerful tool for creating full-featured installation scripts - but with that power come dozens of options and a steep learning curve.

The traditional way of writing Installer scripts is in MPW typing in the code for the individual resources, and using Rez to create the Installer Script. This really doesn't seem like you're using a Macintosh, does it? Script-Ease was designed for those who don't want to type so much and who would rather use a standard Macintosh interface to create a script.

Installer scripts created with Script-Ease and combined with Apple’s Installer software are friendly, intelligent and professional-looking. Besides letting the end user customize software installation by choosing amongst pre-defined file packages, Script-Ease allows rule-based installation: the “easy install” option can install files depending on the user’s system configuration. For instance, you can have your installer script install one version of an application for 68000-processors and a different version for 68020s.

Script-Ease’s scripts includes other handy features, including the ability to force a restart after software installation and the ability for the user to uninstall software any time after installing it. Installer applications can include a splash screen, but you’ll have to add one manually with ResEdit. Clear instructions on how to do this are included in the manual.

Script-Ease supports action atoms, and includes a small army of atoms for copying files and resources, tweaking a disk’s boot blocks and creating audit trails. Compression and decompression can be handled through Glen Canyon’s GCS Compressor software, sold separately. CGS Compressor includes a proprietary file compression application and action atoms for decompression, finding the amount of free disk space and joining file resources. GCS Compressor doesn’t require any other compression tools like StuffIt or Compact Pro.

The manuals are very thorough and include several tutorials to get you started. Script-Ease and GCS Compressor offer a complete set of installation tools and a clean, professional installer script. However, this product isn’t for the faint of heart - it takes time and patience to learn the many complex steps necessary to create even a simple installation script.

Smaller Installer

The Smaller Installer toolkit consists of an installer builder and a set of auxiliary files that work in combination with Compact Pro (a popular file compression utility). The purpose of Smaller Installer is to provide easy-to-use installers while overcoming the limitations of Compact Pro’s standard self-extracting archives. This combination creates small, customizable, gimmick-free installers.

If you need an installer without a complex interface or file placement rules, Smaller Installer will provide. More complex tasks are possible, but may require knowledge and use of a resource editor and MPW.

Smaller Installer in action

Smaller Installer’s installers are simple and straightforward. More robust features require other tools, but the manual guides you though the steps necessary for creating an installer customized to your needs. For instance, your installer can have a customized user interface tailored to your requirements - with your logo and an onscreen “read-me” file - but you’ll need to spend a couple hours in ResEdit to do it. An included toolkit includes “starter” resource files you can use as templates for your own customized resources. As a well-though-out addition, Smaller Installer includes ready-to-use resources for creating installers in Swedish, French, German and Japanese. Nice touch.

Smaller Installer helps with Non-English installs

Another powerful feature of Smaller Installer allows you to create “installer hook procedures” - code resources that modify installation based on user’s system configuration (using “rules”). You can select files based on specific machine features, personalize an application after installing it, or even remove files from a previous version of your product. Again, these “hooks” are robust, but don’t come easily - you’ll need to hack them out in Think C or MPW - but the manual gives a complete description of the steps to take. The product also includes several examples of working hooks.

All in all, Smaller Installer creates clean, easy-to-use installers that can be as simple or complex as you need.

DragInstall

Another tool on the installer front is DragInstall from Ray Sauers Associates. It truly simplifies the complex task of creating installer applications. It, too, produces clean, easy-to-use installers. DragInstall wins points for being one of the simplest to use from the developer’s standpoint, too: you can create complex installations - even based on the configuration of the user’s system - with ease. It also features built-in compression and support for “x-rays”, external routines that provide information about the user’s system and increase the functionality of DragInstall.

DragInstall’s built-in compression (which has been improved over previous incarnations in version 1.5.3) allows you to specify “best”, “faster” or no compression. For installations that aren’t huge, you might want to use the “faster” compression, which speeds up compression time by a third by sacrificing some compression size. Most of the time, though, stick with the “best” compression mode to save space on your distribution disks.

DragInstall’s installation interface is simple and unique - the user just drags an installation folder icon onto an icon depicting the desired destination hard disk, and voila! Instant install.

DragInstall doing its thing

Built-in rules can customize placement of files and folders cased on the users’ CPU type, FPU, color, memory size and system software version. It also enables development of installers that intelligently update software with options for replacing and updating old versions of your software.

Although you probably won’t need to, you can use your favorite programming language to create x-rays, code resources that add functions to DragInstall installers. You might create an x-ray to delete old versions of your software or serialize a newly-installed package. DragInstall includes x-rays [for making aliases from installer files, renaming files] and so on.

The product includes templates for creating installers in French, German and Italian, as well as English. Creating an installer for an these languages doesn’t even require a trip to ResEdit - just select a template from the builder application. Of course, you can also hack out installers in Spanish, Swahili or Pig Latin with a resource editor.

StuffIt InstallerMaker

From Aladdin Systems, the folks who brought us the StuffIt series of compression programs, comes InstallerMaker, a strong contender in the battle of the installers. InstallerMaker has integrated compression and strong support for file placement "rules."

MPW and ResEdit are not needed to create powerful installers. InstallerMaker is very easy to learn - our first installer - complete with splash screen, rule-based package installation and on-screen “read-me” text - was created in about forty minutes without so much as a glance at the manual nor a trip to ResEdit. Even more incredibly, the finished installer worked perfectly.

Aladdin Systems has been distributing its StuffIt line of compression programs since (seemingly) the dawn of the Macintosh. The compression used in InstallerMaker is among the best available.

InstallerMaker includes the ability to customize installers by adding custom code “extensions” that can add any steps that you desire to any part of the installation process.

StuffIt InstallerMaker allows you to place files based on the user’s system configuration, or can let the user choose from a list of pre-defined installation packages. It provides easy addition of a custom splash screen and onscreen text (for licensing or “read me” notes.)

InstallerMaker’s interface is appealing and intuitive. Icons make the process of choosing how and where to place files blissfully simple. Choose the “7” in the “system” column to place an item only on System 7 computers, choose “6/7” to also place the item on System 6 machines, and so on. Pick the rainbow to install a folder on color systems or the checkerboard for black-and-white systems. Choosing the files’ locations is as easy, once you learn to identify the icons that mean user folder, system folder, extensions folder and so on.

InstallerMaker in action

The manual is among the best, including step-by-step instructions, tutorials, sample code for custom installation extensions and a list of commonly asked questions and answers.

As a rule, we generally don’t mention as-yet-undelivered features, but we’ll make an exception because of the recent release of PowerMacintosh. A new version of InstallerMaker is planned for shortly after the release of the Power Macintosh, and it plans to support fat binaries ("smart" install, install fat, or ask the user), and offer control over whether you install only on Power Mac or only on 68K Mac. It may also include requested features like the ability to select localization languages, Gestalt values as condition options, and custom progress cursors.

DeveloperVISE

The final product to land on my desk was Developer VISE from MindVision software, makers of Stacker For Macintosh and Application VISE (an application resource compression tool). Developer VISE offers an easy-to-use graphical interface for building product installers. You can create installers with a one-stop “easy install” option and user-controlled installation of file packages. Compression is built in. The end product is elegant and professional, and MindVision claims to produce the smallest installer sets.

Developer VISEin action

The application for creating an installer is similar in look and feel to StuffIt InstallerMaker or Compact Pro. It provides an intuitive interface and sleek features like file packages that you can name (rather than using obscure labels like “package A”), diagnostic tools (that find empty packages, for example), and the ability to print reports of installer archives and packages. Tools like these make this product particularly strong for large or complex software installations.

More Developer VISE in action

Developer VISE provides excellent control during and even after the installation. You can create external code resources, allowing you to fully customize your installation procedure. When installation is finished, you can make your installer return to the Finder, suggest the user restart the computer, or force a system restart. It can install resources into the System file, and it can optionally generate a log file so users can see what you did to their machine.

PowerPC developers aren’t left out with Developer VISE. In addition to the usual abilities of installing based on the user’s monitor type, memory and so on, Developer VISE customizes installations depending on whether the user is running a 68000-based Mac or a PowerPC. For example, PowerPC-specific resources can be removed from fat applications being installed on 68000-based machines. In addition, the Developer VISE application can use native PowerPC code for compression of your software archives. Nifty.

Developer VISE lets you easily add a splash screen. You can delve in to ResEdit if you want to go even further and customize the installer’s look. The manual of the beta version we reviewed was a good start, although admittedly incomplete [The manual is now complete - Ed stb]. Developer VISEcomes with a tutorial and about ten samples of code for extending the installer’s capabilities.

All in all, Developer VISE is a robust package worth checking out.

What’s Next

Now that you’ve read about them, it’s time to give them a try. Each of these products offers more features and value than we covered here. Playing with them will give you a much clearer idea of whether they will meet your unique needs. Most of these products are available for a free trial. Pick a few, and give them a test drive.

Products mentioned in this article...

Apple Installer. Apple Computer, Inc. (408) 974-4667. AppleLink: SW.LICENSE. Information is also available on E.T.O.

Developer VISE. MindVision Software. PO Box 81886, Lincoln, Nebraska, 68501. (402) 477-3269 voice, (402) 477-1395 fax. AOL, AppleLink: MindVision; CompuServe: 70253,1437.

DragInstall. Ray Sauers Associates. 1187 Main Avenue, Suite 1B. Clifton, New Jersey, 07011. (201) 478-1970. AOL: Sauers; CompuServe: 70731,2326; AppleLink:D1922.

Script-Ease. Glen Canyon Software. 3921 Shasta View. Eugene, OR. 97405. (800) 477-6947 or (503) 345-6360. AppleLink: GlenCanyon

ScriptGen Pro and InstallerPack. StepUp Software. 710 Glendora Avenue, Dallas, Texas 75230-5428. (214) 360-9301 voice, (214) 360-0127 fax. AppleLink: StepUp; AOL: StepUp1; CIS: 73607,3630.

Smaller Installer. Cyclos. PO Box 31417, San Francisco, CA 94131-0417. (415) 821-1448. AppleLink: CYCLOS; CompuServe: 71101,204.

StuffIt InstallerMaker. Aladdin Systems. 165 Westridge Drive. Watsonville, CA 95076. (408) 761-6200 voice, (408) 761-6206 fax. AOL, AppleLink: Aladdin; CompuServe: 75300,1666.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Dash 3.0.2 - Instant search and offline...
Dash is an API Documentation Browser and Code Snippet Manager. Dash helps you store snippets of code, as well as instantly search and browse documentation for almost any API you might use (for a full... Read more
FontExplorer X Pro 5.0 - Font management...
FontExplorer X Pro is optimized for professional use; it's the solution that gives you the power you need to manage all your fonts. Now you can more easily manage, activate and organize your... Read more
Typinator 6.6 - Speedy and reliable text...
Typinator turbo-charges your typing productivity. Type a little. Typinator does the rest. We've all faced projects that require repetitive typing tasks. With Typinator, you can store commonly used... Read more
Arq 4.12.1 - Online backup to Google Dri...
Arq is super-easy online backup for the Mac. Back up to your own Google Drive storage (15GB free storage), your own Amazon Glacier ($.01/GB per month storage) or S3, or any SFTP server. Arq backs up... Read more
Gutenprint 5.2.11-pre1 - Quality drivers...
Gutenprint is a suite of printer drivers that may be used with most common UNIX print spooling systems, including CUPS, lpr, LPRng, or others. Gutenprint currently supports over 2000 printer models.... Read more
Dropbox 3.6.8 - Cloud backup and synchro...
Dropbox is an application that creates a special Finder folder that automatically syncs online and between your computers. It allows you to both backup files and keep them up-to-date between systems... Read more
Evernote 6.0.15 - Create searchable note...
Evernote allows you to easily capture information in any environment using whatever device or platform you find most convenient, and makes this information accessible and searchable at anytime, from... Read more
MacUpdate Desktop 6.0.7 - Search and ins...
MacUpdate Desktop 6 brings seamless 1-click installs and version updates to your Mac. With a free MacUpdate account and MacUpdate Desktop 6, Mac users can now install almost any Mac app on macupdate.... Read more
Freeway Pro 7.0.4 - Drag-and-drop Web de...
Freeway Pro lets you design and build sophisticated responsive websites code free. With its user-oriented drag-and-drop interface, Freeway Pro helps you piece together the website of your dreams. Add... Read more
VueScan 9.5.18 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more

This Week at 148Apps:June 22-26, 2015
June's Summer Journey Continues With 148Apps How do you know what apps are worth your time and money? Just look to the review team at 148Apps. We sort through the chaos and find the apps you're looking for. The ones we love become Editor’s Choice,... | Read more »
LEGO® Minifigures Online (Games)
LEGO® Minifigures Online 1.0.1 Device: iOS iPhone Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
World of Tanks Blitz celebrates its firs...
Today marks the first anniversary of the launch of World of Tanks Blitz, the mobile version of the PC tank battler, World of Tanks. World of Tanks Blitz launched on iOS and Android on June 26th last year and to celebrate, Wargaming is giving all... | Read more »
Heroes and Castles 2 Has its Own Standal...
Heroes and Castles 2 is a third-person castle defense game from the same team behind Block Fortress and Bug Heroes. It's cool, it's fun, and now it has its very own free version. [Read more] | Read more »
Formula Cartoon All-Stars Lets You Race...
Ever want to pit your favorite characters from shows like Steven Universe, Adventure Time, and Regular Show against each other in a not quite death race? Well once upon a time you could, but Formula All Stars Touch N' Go doesn't exist anymore. Hope... | Read more »
Retype - Typography Photo Editor (Photo...
Retype - Typography Photo Editor 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Photography Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Retype is built out of passion for great typography and it's all about adding text to photo with style... | Read more »
Hungry Shark Evolution Celebrates Shark...
Shark Week is almost here, as is Independence Day, so naturally Hungry Shark Evolution is going to get in on the action. Yes, even the fireworks. [Read more] | Read more »
The New Trivia Crack Will Feature a Musi...
It's official: iHeartMedia (you may know them from iHeartRadio) will be in charge of providing music-related questions for Trivia Crack's upcoming sequel. Also Trivia Crack is getting a sequel. [Read more] | Read more »
Toca Life: City (Education)
Toca Life: City 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Welcome to Toca Life: City, a metropolis filled with everyday fun! Customize characters, explore exciting locations and... | Read more »
Ironkill's Big New Update is Big an...
The other popular robot fighting game on the App Store, Ironkill, has received a pretty substantial update today. We're talking new bots, new rewards, graphical tweaks; the works. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

MacBook Airs on sale for up to $75 off MSRP
Save up to $75 on the purchase of a new 2015 13″ or 11″ 1.6GHz MacBook Air at the following resellers. Shipping is free with each model: 11" 128GB MSRP $899 11" 256GB... Read more
Apple’s Education discount saves up to $300 o...
Purchase a new Mac or iPad at The Apple Store for Education and take up to $300 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution qualify for the discount. Shipping is free,... Read more
Save up to $600 with Apple refurbished Mac Pr...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished Mac Pros available for up to $600 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each Mac Pro, and shipping is free. The... Read more
Mac Pros on sale for up to $260 off MSRP
B&H Photo has Mac Pros on sale for up to $260 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges sales tax in NY only: - 3.7GHz 4-core Mac Pro: $2799, $200 off MSRP - 3.5GHz 6-core Mac Pro: $3719.99... Read more
Save up to $400 on 2014 15-inch Retina MacBoo...
B&H Photo has previous-generation 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to $400 off original MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro... Read more
15-inch Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to...
B&H Photo has new 2015 15″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to $125 off MSRP including free shipping plus NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro: $1899.99 $100 off - 15″ 2.5GHz... Read more
College Student Deals: Additional $100 off Ma...
Take an additional $100 off all MacBooks and iMacs at Best Buy Online with their College Students Deals Savings, valid through July 11, 2015. Anyone with a valid .EDU email address can take advantage... Read more
Apple refurbished Time Capsules available for...
The Apple Store has certified refurbished Time Capsules available for $100 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each Time Capsule, and shipping is free: - 2TB Time Capsule: $199, $100... Read more
Newsweek Launches iPhone App
The venerable weekly news magazine Newsweek, owned by IBT Media, has announced the launch of its first iPhone app. The new app is available through Apple’s App Store and will allow consumers to read... Read more
New Initiative Covering 80 Million Homes Will...
Today, Internet service providers, equipment suppliers and retail equipment manufacturers joined the Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) and the National Cable & Telecommunications Association... Read more

Jobs Board

Architect / Senior Software Engineer, *Apple...
**Job Summary** Apple Pay is already changing our pay-habit in a deeper and fundamental level. We are looking for a software engineer with a passion for large scale inte Read more
Project Manager, *Apple* Retail New Store O...
**Job Summary** An Apple Retail New Store Openings & Remodels Project Manager is responsible for successfully managing the openings, remodels, and small works of Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant - Retail Sales...
**Job Summary** As an Apple Solutions Consultant (ASC) you are the link between our customers and our products. Your role is to drive the Apple business in a retail Read more
Program Manger, WW *Apple* Direct Fulfillme...
**Job Summary** We are seeking a business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Direct Fulfillment Operations team. This role will work closely with related program Read more
Hardware Design Validation Engineer - *Apple...
**Job Summary** The Apple Watch team is looking for a Hardware Design Validation Engineer. This person will be part of the Apple Watch hardware team with Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.