TweetFollow Us on Twitter

XCMD Etiquette
Volume Number:9
Issue Number:1
Column Tag:Hypercard/Pascal

XCMD Etiquette

Standardizing the interaction of externals with HyperTalk in a user-oriented way

By Jeremy John Ahouse and Eric Carlson, Berkeley, California

Note: Source code files accompanying this article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

About the authors

Jeremy John Ahouse and Eric Carlson are biologists who have found themselves doing ever more computer work and lots of HyperCard scripting. Jeremy wrote a chapter in the new Howard Sams intermediate scripting book Tricks of the HyperTalk Masters and Eric is employed by Apple Computer Inc. as a multimedia software engineer.

This note suggests several approaches to standardizing the interaction of externals with HyperTalk in a user-oriented way.

We have noticed that as XFCN's and XCMD's are promulgated, many have become difficult to use, and are often difficult to interpret in the context of reading a script. There is no reason that externals should not retain the spirit of HyperTalk. We will make several recommendations to this end and then offer example code that illustrates our thoughts. (Note: We will refer to both XCMD's and XFCN's as XCMD's.)

HyperCard has given many people a chance to use their computers in ways that were until recently restricted to “programmers”. The distinction between users and programmers has been eroded by a new class of user/programmer called scripters. We'll give away the moral of this story now; when writing XCMDs you should treat scripters the way you would treat users if you were writing traditional Macintosh applications.

There are really two issues that we need to address. The first is making an external easy to use, the second is making scripts that use externals easy to read and understand. These two are not mutually exclusive.

We begin by listing four problems and then follow with discussions and possible solutions for them. We will end by illustrating our points with source for a StringLength XFCN.

The Problems

1) Many externals obscure the flow of HyperTalk scripts. This makes them harder to understand (and debug).

2) When an error occurs during the execution of an external, how should this be reported to the user/scripter?

3) A user forgets the parameters of your external and there isn't a standard way to find out what they are.

4) A user doesn't want to include a long list of parameters if only one feature of an external is used.

Solutions

Solution No. 1:

Making scripts read well requires XCMD's that are well named and parameters that are easy to understand. We illustrate this point with a counter example:

 put xseven(2, no, 4, h, 1) into msg

Try to use words for input parameters whenever you can. Obviously in some cases it will be much clearer to pass numbers. A rule of thumb is: use numbers only if you are actually working with a number in the external, like the number of items in a list, or lines in a container. Finally, numbers are appropriate if the parameters in the XCMD can get their values from HyperTalk functions (like max) or properties (like textHeight) that return numbers.

A way to avoid naming your XCMD obscurely is to not ask too much of it. Allow your external to do a reasonable number of things well. If you have lots of great ideas write more than one XCMD. Remember that XCMD's extend HyperTalk.

Another aspect of naming externals is to try to make them read well. This is particularly important for XFCNs, which may become part of HyperTalk statements. Try this test. How does your function sound/read in the following contexts:

get myFunction()
put myFunction() into msg
put item 4 of myFunction() into temp

Names that start with verbs don't work well. XCMDs, on the other hand, often read well if they start with verbs.

Solution No. 2:

Reporting errors is always a problem. There are many levels of users and while some will want to handle error codes themselves, others will benefit from a less subtle solution. Make the last (optional) parameter either "Dialog" or "noDialog" with the former as default. Here is an example:

functionThatDanLeftOut(param1, param2, "Dialog")

or, equivalently:

functionThatDanLeftOut(param1, param2)

In these cases the external will return error codes in a dialog and in the result, whereas

functionThatDanLeftOut(param1, param2, "noDialog")

will report return error conditions in the result only. This convention will allow users to suppress error messages that stop the flow of a script and to handle the error conditions on their own if they so choose.

It should also be apparent from the tone of this note that we don't encourage the idea of returning errors like this:

-202

rather do this:

"The Mac seems to have chewing gum in the speaker."

It seems that this recommendation may be difficult for people who implement whole systems that reside outside of HyperCard and who use a set of externals to communicate with their extra-HC system. We are thinking here of search engines, databases, etc For those who feel strongly about the need to return error conditions numerically, we suggest offering your users a function which returns a description of an error condition when passed the error number:

put Error("-202") into msg box

would put

"The Mac seems to have chewing gum in the speaker."

into the msg box. The point here is to make interactions with externals as easy to use as possible.

Solution No. 3:

XCMDs are often documented only within the simple stacks written to distribute and demonstrate them. It is inconvenient for a scripter to have to find and open that stack if they forget the syntax for an external during stack development. Additionally, as newer (debugged!) versions of externals come out, it is often difficult to know which version of an XCMD is in a stack. Support the following forms for your external:

functionThatDanLeftOut("?")

should reports back the syntax for the external without performing its function, i.e.:

functionThatDanLeftOut("param1", "param2", "param3")

would be returned by the XFCN (or XCMD). If some of the parameters are optional surround them with the <> symbols. For example,

commandThatDanLeftOut("param1", <"param2">, <"param3">).

Version and copyright information can be made available to scripters in the same way:

functionThatDanLeftOut("??")

or

commandThatDanLeftOut "??"

should return the copyright information and the version for the external. As first written, this article recommended using the copyright symbol (“©”) for version and copyright information. Upon review, Fred Stauder noted that this symbol is not available on all international keyboards, and so recommended a change. Thanks Fred!

A pair of simple Pascal functions to check for and respond to these requests might look like this:

{1}
 procedure reportToUser (paramPtr: XCmdPtr;
     msgStr: str255);
{}
{ report something back to the user.  we always fill }
{ in the result field of the paramBlock, and optionally }
{ use HC's "answer" dialog unless requested not to }
{}
  var
   tempName: str255;

 begin
  paramPtr^.returnValue := PasToZero(paramPtr, msgStr);
{check the last param to see if the user requested that }
{ we suppress the error dialog }
  ZeroToPas(paramPtr, paramPtr^.params[paramPtr^.paramCount]^, tempName);
  UprString(tempName, true);
  if tempName <> 'NODIALOG' then
   SendCardMessage(paramPtr, 
 concat('answer "', msgStr, '"'));
 end; { procedure }

 function askedForHelp (paramPtr: XCmdPtr;
     syntaxMsg: Str255;
     copyRightMsg: Str255): boolean;
{}
{ check to see if the user sent a '?' or a '??' as }
{ the only parameter. if so we will respond with }
{ the calling syntax or the copyright/version info }
{ for this external }
{}
  var
   firstStr: str255;
 begin
  askedForHelp := false;
  if paramPtr^.paramCount = 1 then
   begin
    ZeroToPas(paramPtr, paramPtr^.params[1]^, firstStr);
 { what is the first param? }
    if firstStr = '?' then
     begin
       reportToUser(paramPtr, syntaxMsg);
       askedForHelp := true
     end{ asked for help }
    else if firstStr = '??' then
     begin
       reportToUser(paramPtr, copyRightMsg);
       askedForHelp := true
     end; { asked for copyright info }
   end; { one parameter passed }
 end; { function }

Many externals (wise externals?) check the parameter count and return some of this information if the number of passed parameters is wrong. Most of these will continue to function properly if a user presents the external with a "?" or a "??", but the point is to make this method standard so that users know to use it. Adopting this approach will give scripters a standard way to query XCMDS and will give us a way to internally document externals.

Solution No. 4:

Support default values for your externals. This means that a user is required to pass only those parameters that are necessary. In the StringWidth function that we discuss below, if only a string is passed, the function defaults to the HyperCard default text size, font, and style - 12 point, Geneva, plain. This approach seems to offer a good combination of flexibility and clean HyperTalk. If taken to the extreme, this approach can also make it very difficult to elucidate the purpose of an XCMD when reading through a script, so keep point 1 in mind as you decide on optional parameters and default values.

Problems?

Not all of these recommendations will be universally applicable. Doubtless someone has written an external which must be passed "?" or "??", but try to remember the spirit of these approaches. Make the external easy to use, flexible, easy to read (for debugging if not aesthetics), and finally treat external users like Macintosh users. HyperCard has made “programming” (whoops “scripting”) available to many people who never thought they would ever have so much control over their computer. It is vital that we do what we can to suppress the tendency for the techno-macho/techno-less macho dichotomy to take hold (or should we say widen).

An Example

What follows is the source for an XFCN written in Think Pascal which tries to follow some of our own advice. This XFCN returns the width in pixels of a string passed to it. It is similar in function to Fred Stauder's XCMD from the March, 1991 issue of MacTutor, but we have given it some additional functionality as well as writing it as an XFCN (it is a function after all). Fred's implementation contained no information about the font, style, and size of the text. This can be a fatal flaw in many cases. The function we present allows you to specify all of these attributes. It is called as follows:

stringWidth (container, font, size, style, <noDialog>)

Finally, here is a description of what our example code does: StringWidth first checks the parameter block pointer to see if any parameters were passed (although most of the parameters have default values, it is fairly difficult to guess what string the user wishes to use). Assuming the user is somewhat confused about the XFCN's use if no parameter are passed, we send back the calling syntax.

Next we check to see if they have explicitly asked for the calling syntax or for copyright/version information, and respond appropriately if so.

Once we have the string to measure, we need to determine what the font, size and style parameters are, as they can make a huge difference in the string's width. HyperCard's default font is geneva, so if the user doesn't pass any information about the font we use it as our default too. HyperCard displays a button or field in Geneva if the font which was originally assigned to it is not available, but the textFont property for that field or button returns the number of the original font. Thus we must check to see if a number is passed as the font parameter, and use Geneva when we find one. The final check on the font parameter is to make certain that the name passed is available. If the font name is misspelled or not available in an open resource file, the toolbox call GetFNum returns 0. Because this is also the correct font number for Chicago, we call GetFontName and compare the name returned with the name passed as a parameter to see if the requested font is available. In the event of an error, we fill the result, and if the user did not pass “noDialog” as the last parameter, we also report the error via HyperCard's answer dialog.

The third parameter is the font point size. If none is passed, we use HyperCard's default, 12 point.

The fourth parameter is the font style. We check this parameter by a simple, if somewhat tedious, series of tests for the presence of each of the possible style options.

Once we have finally determined all of the parameters, our task is quite simple: set the port to the specified font characteristics, call StringWidth to find the pixel width of the string parameter, and reset the port back to its original characteristics. This last step is a small one but it should not be overlooked.

And So

Scripters who have “cut their programming teeth” on HyperTalk are accustomed to (and perhaps rely upon) HyperTalk's conventions, including code which reads easily and clearly, understandable error messages, and so forth. Remembering that these people are potential users of our externals should help us to write externals in such a way that they extend HyperCard's functionality without departing from its spirit. The distinctions between different kinds of computer users are finally becoming more and more difficult to define, let’s do our part to continue the trend.

We hope that these recommendations prove useful.

Good Luck and Good Scripting.

Fig. 1. The project window for the example presented below. Note that because we compile to a code resource we must use DRVRRuntime.lib library rather than Runtime.lib (the later references its globals through register A5, a definite no-no for an XCMD).

{2}
Listing:  String Width.p
unit stringWidthUnit;
{}
{ LSP Project contains: }
{ XCMDIntf.p }
{ XCMDUtils.p }
{ Interface.lib }
{ DRVRRuntime.lib }
{ stringWidth.p (this file ) }
{}
{ syntax is:stringWidth(stringHolder, font, size,}
{ style,<noDialog>) }
{ the parameters should be specified as hypercard }
{ reports them, ie. }
{ stringWidth("this is a dummy string", "PALATINO",}
{ "14", "BOLD,ITALIC", "noDialog") }
{}
{ copyright (©)  Eric Carlson and Jeremy Ahouse }
{ April 29, 1989 }
{ Waves Cosulting and Development }
{ Berkeley, CA     94792 }
{ free for non-commercial use only }
{}
interface
 uses
  XCMDIntf, XCMDUtils;

 procedure main (paramPtr: XCmdPtr);
implementation

{------------------------------------------------}

 procedure reportToUser (paramPtr: XCmdPtr;
     msgStr: str255);
{}
{ report something back to the user.  we always fill }
{ in the result field of the paramBlock, and optionally }
{ use HC's "answer" dialog unless requested not to }
{}
  var
   tempName: str255;
 begin
  paramPtr^.returnValue := PasToZero(paramPtr, msgStr);
{check the last param to see if the user requested that }
{ we suppress the error dialog }
  ZeroToPas(paramPtr, paramPtr^.params[paramPtr^.paramCount]^, tempName);
  UprString(tempName, true);
  if tempName <> 'NODIALOG' then
   SendCardMessage(paramPtr, 
 concat('answer "', msgStr, '"'));
 end; { procedure }

 function askedForHelp (paramPtr: XCmdPtr;
     syntaxMsg: Str255;
     copyRightMsg: Str255): boolean;
{}
{ check to see if the user sent a '?' or a '??' as }
{ the only parameter. if so we will respond with }
{ the calling syntax or the copyright/version info }
{ for this external }
{}
  var
   firstStr: str255;
 begin
  askedForHelp := false;
  if paramPtr^.paramCount = 1 then
   begin
    ZeroToPas(paramPtr, paramPtr^.params[1]^, firstStr);
 { what is the first param? }
    if firstStr = '?' then
     begin
       reportToUser(paramPtr, syntaxMsg);
       askedForHelp := true
     end{ asked for help }
    else if firstStr = '??' then
     begin
       reportToUser(paramPtr, copyRightMsg);
       askedForHelp := true
     end; { asked for copyright info }
   end; { one parameter passed }
 end; { function }

 procedure widthOfString (paramPtr: XCmdPtr);
{}
{ set the specified pen characteristics and get the }
{ width of the string with the toolbox routine }
{ StringWidth }
{}
  label
   1;
  var
   passedString, errorStr, tempName: str255;
   copyRtStr, syntaxStr: str255;
   oldFont, oldSize, fNum, fSize, width: integer;
   fName, sizeString, theStyleStr: Str255;
   oldStyle, theStyle: Style;
   HCPort: GrafPtr;
 begin
  syntaxStr := 'stringWidth(stringHolder, font, size, style, <"noDialog">)';
  copyRtStr := 'v1.0, ©1989 Waves Consulting and Development, Berkeley 
CA.';
  if paramPtr^.paramCount = 0 then
   begin
  { no parameters passed, report our calling syntax }
    reportToUser(paramPtr, syntaxStr);
    goto 1;
   end;

  if not (askedForHelp(paramPtr, syntaxStr,
 copyRtStr)) then
   begin
    GetPort(HCPort); { grab the port }
    with HCPort^ do
     begin
     oldFont := txFont;   { save current typeface }
     oldSize := txSize;   { save current size }
     oldStyle := txFace;  { save current style }
     end;

    ZeroToPas(paramPtr, paramPtr^.params[1]^,
 passedString);{ get the string to trim }

 { do we have a font name parameter? }
    if paramPtr^.paramCount > 1 then
     ZeroToPas(paramPtr, paramPtr^.params[2]^,
 fName)
 { which font? }
    else
     fName := 'GENEVA';
 { no font passed, use HCs default }

    fNum := StrToNum(paramPtr, fName);
{ check to see if a number was passed as the font }
{'name' parameter. if so, we assume that the font }
{ which HC wants to use for the field/button is not }
{ available in the current system. in this case geneva }
{ is being used instead, so we should use it too! }
    if fNum <> 0 then
     fName := 'GENEVA';
    GetFNum(fName, fNum); { get the font number }
{ if we call for an unavailable font (not present in }
{ this system, name spelled incorrectly, etc, GetFNum }
{ returns 0, which also happens to be the correct }
{ number for CHICAGO.  thus we now check to see if }
{ the name for the font num is the same as the font }
{ name passed to us, or if our user is requesting the }
{ impossible }
    GetFontName(fNum, tempName);
    UprString(fName, true);
    UprString(tempName, true);
    if tempName <> fName then
     begin
      errorStr := concat('Sorry, the font ', chr(39),
 fName, chr(39),' is not avaliable.');
      reportToUser (paramPtr, errorStr);
      goto 1;
     end;

    if paramPtr^.paramCount > 2 then
  { do we have a size parameter? }
     ZeroToPas(paramPtr, paramPtr^.params[3]^,
 sizeString) { font size in string form }
    else
     sizeString := '12';
 { no size passed, use HCs default }
    fSize := StrToNum(paramPtr, sizeString);
 { actual size }

    theStyle := [];
   { is there a style parameter? }
    if paramPtr^.paramCount > 3 then
     begin
       ZeroToPas(paramPtr, paramPtr^.params[4]^,
 theStyleStr); { which style(s)? }
      UprString(theStyleStr, true);
      { convert to uppercase }

 if pos('BOLD', theStyleStr) > 0 then
        theStyle := theStyle + [bold];
 if pos('ITALIC', theStyleStr) > 0 then
        theStyle := theStyle + [italic];
 if pos('UNDERLINE', theStyleStr) > 0 then
        theStyle := theStyle + [underline];
 if pos('OUTLINE', theStyleStr) > 0 then
        theStyle := theStyle + [outline];
 if pos('SHADOW', theStyleStr) > 0 then
        theStyle := theStyle + [shadow];
 if pos('CONDENSE', theStyleStr) > 0 then
        theStyle := theStyle + [condense];
 if pos('EXTEND', theStyleStr) > 0 then
        theStyle := theStyle + [extend];
     end;

 { now setup the port with the specified font }
 { attributes }
    TextFont(fNum);{ set it to the current font, }
    TextSize(fSize); { and the size, }
    TextFace(theStyle); { and the style... }

    width := StringWidth(passedString);
 { how wide is that string? }

 { we mustn't forget to clean up after ourselves, }
 { reset HC's port to the entry conditions }
    TextFont(oldFont);  { reset the  font  }
    TextSize(oldSize);  { and the size  }
    TextFace(oldStyle);{ and the style }

 { send back the width }
    paramPtr^.returnValue := PasToZero(paramPtr,
 NumToStr(paramPtr, width));
   end;

1: {bail out point if we run into trouble }
 end;

 procedure main;
 begin
  widthOfString(paramPtr);
 end;
end.
 
AAPL
$524.94
Apple Inc.
+5.93
MSFT
$40.01
Microsoft Corpora
-0.39
GOOG
$536.10
Google Inc.
-20.44

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

VMware Fusion 6.0.3 - Run Windows apps a...
VMware Fusion allows you to create a Virtual Machine on your Mac and run Windows (including Windows 8.1) and Windows software on your Mac. Run your favorite Windows applications alongside Mac... Read more
Tweetbot 1.5.1 - Popular iOS twitter cli...
Tweetbot is a full-featured OS X Twitter client with a lot of personality. Whether it's the meticulously-crafted interface, sounds and animation, or features like multiple timelines and column views... Read more
Mac DVDRipper Pro 4.1.7 - Copy, backup,...
Mac DVDRipper Pro is the DVD backup solution that lets you protect your DVDs from scratches, save your batteries by reading your movies from your hard disk, manage your collection with just a few... Read more
PDFpenPro 6.2 - Advanced PDF toolkit for...
PDFpenPro allows users to edit PDF's easily. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Create... Read more
PDFpen 6.2 - Edit and annotate PDFs with...
PDFpen allows users to easily edit PDF's. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Features... Read more
Monolingual 1.5.9 - Remove unwanted OS X...
Monolingual is a program for removing unnecesary language resources from OS X, in order to reclaim several hundred megabytes of disk space. It requires a 64-bit capable Intel-based Mac and at least... Read more
Maya 2015 - Professional 3D modeling and...
Maya is an award-winning software and powerful, integrated 3D modeling, animation, visual effects, and rendering solution. Because Maya is based on an open architecture, all your work can be scripted... Read more
Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty 1.1.1.180...
Download the patch by launching the Starcraft II game and downloading it through the Battle.net connection within the app. Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty is a strategy game played in real-time. You... Read more
Sibelius 7.5.0 - Music notation solution...
Sibelius is the world's best-selling music notation software for Mac. It is as intuitive to use as a pen, yet so powerful that it does most things in less than the blink of an eye. The demo includes... Read more
Typinator 5.9 - Speedy and reliable text...
Typinator turbo-charges your typing productivity. Type a little. Typinator does the rest. We've all faced projects that require repetitive typing tasks. With Typinator, you can store commonly used... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

This Week at 148Apps: April 14-18, 2014
Spring Into Our App Reviews   | Read more »
Have a Special Dead Trigger 2 Easter Bas...
Have a Special Dead Trigger 2 Easter Basket Full of Goodies, Courtesy of Madfinger Games Posted by Rob Rich on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] Dead Trigger 2 | Read more »
Almost All of Playdek’s Library is on Sa...
Almost All of Playdek’s Library is on Sale Right Now, and You Should Check it Out Posted by Rob Rich on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] Playdek has released quite a few great iOS ports of board and card games over the years, and now most of them... | Read more »
Zynga Launches Brand New Farmville Exper...
Zynga Launches Brand New Farmville Experience with Farmville 2: Country Escape Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
David. Review
David. Review By Cata Modorcea on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: MINIMALISTIC IN A DIFFERENT WAYUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad David is a minimalistic game wrapped inside of a soothing atmosphere in which the hero... | Read more »
Eyefi Unveils New Eyefi Cloud Service Th...
Eyefi Unveils New Eyefi Cloud Service That Allows Users to Share Media Across Personal Devices Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair...
Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair Review By Jennifer Allen on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: STEADY ADVENTURINGiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Treading a safe path, Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair is a... | Read more »
Yahoo Updates Flickr App with Advanced E...
Yahoo Updates Flickr App with Advanced Editing Features and More Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
My Incredible Body - A Kid's App to...
My Incredible Body - A Kid's App to Learn about the Human Body 1.1.00 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $2.99, Version: 1.1.00 (iTunes) Description: Wouldn’t it be cool to look inside yourself and see what was going on... | Read more »
Trials Frontier Review
Trials Frontier Review By Carter Dotson on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: A ROUGH LANDINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Trials Frontier finally brings the famed stunt racing franchise to mobile, but how much does its... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Deal Alert! 13-inch MacBook Pro on sale for $...
Best Buy has the 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $999.99 on their online store. Choose free shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Their price is $200 off MSRP. Price is valid... Read more
Free HopTo 2.2 Helps Enhance Your Productivit...
The HopTo app helps you do more on your iPad by providing more and easier adaccess to files and documents. Version 2.2 adds Egnyte and HopTo’s Mac OSX File Connector. If you already have the hopTo... Read more
National Distracted Driving Awareness Month:...
As the country recognizes National Distracted Driving Awareness Month, Sprint is reminding wireless consumers to focus on driving while behind the wheel, to not text or email while driving, and to... Read more
13-inch 2.4GHz Retina MacBook Pro available f...
Abt has the 13″ 2.4GHz 128GB Retina MacBook Pro available for $1229 including free shipping. Their price is $70 off MSRP. Read more
iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP this we...
Best Buy has iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP for a limited time. Choose free home shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Prices are valid for online orders only, in-store... Read more
iPad Airs on sale this weekend for up to $100...
Best Buy has WiFi iPad Airs on sale for $50 off MSRP and WiFi + Cellular iPad Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store for a limited time, with prices now starting at $449. Choose free... Read more
Apple restocks refurbished Mac minis starting...
The Apple Store has restocked Apple Certified Refurbished Mac minis for up to $150 off the cost of new models. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and shipping is free: - 2.5GHz Mac... Read more
Hyundai Brings Apple CarPlay To The 2015 Sona...
Hyundai Motor America has announced it will bring Apple CarPlay functionality to the 2015 Sonata. CarPlay is pitched as a smarter, safer and easier way to use iPhone in the car and gives iPhone users... Read more
Updated iPads Coming Sooner Than We Had Thoug...
MacRumors, cites KGI securities analyst Ming Chi Kuo, well-respected as an Apple product prognisticator, saying that Apple will introduce an upgraded iPad Air and iPad mini in 2014/Q3, meaning the... Read more
Toshiba Unveils New High And Low End Laptop M...
Toshiba has announced new laptop models covering both the high-end and low-end of the notebook computer spectrum. Toshiba 4K Ultra HD Laptop Toshiba’s new Satellite P55t features one of the world’s... Read more

Jobs Board

Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
…customers purchase our products, you're the one who helps them get more out of their new Apple technology. Your day in the Apple Store is filled with a range of Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Inc. Research Data Specialist - Appl...
…of Worldwide Market Research & Intelligence. The team is responsible for conducting Apple branded consumer market research. It is also responsible for analyzing data Read more
*Apple* Automotive Parts Department position...
Apple Automotive is one of the fastest growing dealer…and it shows. Consider making the switch to the Apple Automotive Group today! At Apple Automotive, we Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.