TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Blue Apples
Volume Number:7
Issue Number:9
Column Tag:Letters

Blue Apples

By Kirk Chase, Editor

Apple/IBM Announcement

Apple and IBM Outline Technology Initiatives for the 1990s

SAN JOSE, California--July 3, 1991--Apple Computer, Inc. and IBM will work to create powerful new open system software platforms for the 1990s, according to a letter of intent signed today by both companies. The companies will develop and market new technologies which both Apple and IBM will integrate into existing and future products, as well as offer for use on other vendors’ computers.

The letter of intent covers four areas of general understanding:

1.) Joint venture for object-oriented software. Apple and IBM intend to create a new open system software platform that will be based on object-oriented technology. The new platform will offer major new user and system functionality, while greatly simplifying the process of application programming. It will span a wide range of computing platforms--from laptop computers to large servers--and is expected to run on major industry hardware platforms, including Intel’s x86, Motorola’s 680X0, and IBM’s RISC System/6000 POWER architecture. Apple and IBM intend to use object-oriented technology in future product offerings, as well as in current operating systems, assuring that applications written for current operating systems, including AIX, OS/2 and Macintosh, will run in these new environments.

In order to implement this plan, Apple and IBM will form a new system software company to be jointly owned and independently managed. The software will be offered for sale for both IBM and Apple computers. Additionally, it will be marketed widely by the new company for use on other vendors’ systems.

2.) Apple Macintosh computer integration into IBM’s enterprise systems. IBM and Apple plan to work together to further integrate Macintosh into the client/server enterprise environment in two ways. First, Apple and IBM will develop, market, and support networking and communications products that will further extend the ability of the Apple Macintosh computer to operate in the IBM enterprise environment. Second, IBM and Apple will develop and market an enhanced AIX (IBM’s industry-standard UNIX operating system) that combines the best of IBM’s open systems with Macintosh and its thousands of user-oriented productivity applications. The enhanced AIX will span the range from desktop workstations to servers, and will offer Macintosh and OSF/Motif user interfaces.

3.) Significant new markets for the IBM POWER RISC architecture. Apple intends to adopt future single-chip implementations of IBM’s RS/6000 POWER architecture--called POWER PC--in future Apple Macintosh personal computers. Both companies will use POWER PC microprocessors in workstations and file servers. Motorola, Inc. and IBM will use their expertise to design and manufacture a new family of world-class POWER PC chips. Motorola will serve as a source to IBM, Apple and other open systems vendors. Motorola intends to market the POWER PC microprocessors in configurations that will target a broad spectrum of systems.

4.) Common multimedia platforms for the industry. IBM and Apple plan to work together to create and license platform- independent software environments that will stimulate widespread industry development of this new technology. New multimedia technology resulting from this effort also will be made available for use on other vendors’ products.

Implementation of the letter of intent is contingent on the execution of definitive contracts. The companies intend to complete the contracts later this year and will release further details only at that time. Products resulting from these agreements are expected to reach the marketplace over the next two to three years.

Contact:

Paul Bergevin

IBM

914-765-6630

Barbara Krause

Apple Computer, Inc.

408-974-3719

Ken Phillips

Motorola, Inc.

602-952-3637

1991 Apple Computer Inc., Apple, and the Apple logo and Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Computer Inc. IBM, AIX and OS/2 are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation. POWER and POWER PC are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation. UNIX is a registered trademark of UNIX Laboratories. OSF/Motif is a trademark of Open Software Foundation.

Apple Press Releases

PR Express

7/3/91

Apple/IBM Reaction

Kirk Chase

Anaheim, CA

Interesting press release? After looking at some of the comments on bulletin boards, I find that there is a lot of animosity towards Microsoft, IBM, and even Apple.

Many perceive this as a move against Microsoft and Bill Gates. They feel Microsoft as the one keeping technology down. By having a near strangle hold on operating systems, they keep us in out-dated technology until they can find some kludge to extend the life of its operating system that is already on total life support. What about the quality of living?

And Microsoft has been the target for application complaints. Just now, Microsoft has been making their products more Mac-like, but it took Windows to move them in that direction. Not to mention that the price of a couple of their products could purchase a Mac makes average users choke (and the Mac was never inexpensive in my book).

I know, I know, some of you will say, “if you don’t like them, don’t use them.” Well, just because I use them, does not mean they do not have significant flaws. I would, and will, gladly use other products that are more realistic in price and user interface as they become available. With XTND technology now legitimate, I will soon be able to use the product of my choice, and change it to some other document structure that has become standard due to the masses rather than its merits.

Still, others feel that Apple is being disloyal by “sleeping with the enemy.” IBM is probably just looking for ways to save its PC market. That was what the Mac was made for-to kill those ugly PCs. Why should we help them? Well, it just happened that Apple has been having a few problems of its own, and IBM has a number of attractive resources to offer.

Others feel this signals the start of the end of the Macintosh. I feel that this is not the case. Apple has done a lot (more than anyone I would say) in making the Mac upward compatible. There is a lot of investment in the Mac, and the agreement looks to take that into account. I believe that the Mac will be around for at least another decade.

Let’s look at a few aspects of the announcement. First, let’s examine the object oriented operating system. This Pink operating system will be portable to many hardware platforms. An object oriented operating system (OO OS) would greatly aid in development and maintenance. It would allow a multitude of input devices such as pens, mice, and tablets to be used with a multitude of screens and printers.

Still, an OO OS will take a lot of time and money to develope. Pink has been in development for a long time now. Apple/IBM have the advantage of looking at the lessons of NeXT. But, after the long system 7 wait, I am not going to be jumping on any bandwagon until I see a little something more concrete--like a few fulfillments of the contracts that haven’t even been made up yet. Yet, I can’t help but feel Apple is giving away one of its golden eggs.

The second aspect of the press release deals with the integration of Macs with IBM mainframes. IBM has long dominated the mainframe market. And I am sure that it is no secret that Apple would love to sink its teeth into that market. After all, it is very hard to have mass appeal with high prices, and it is very hard to be on the leading edge of technology without large revenues, and it is very hard to be a leader if you do not offer the leading edge. In the mainframe market, you can extract blood from your clients because where else are they going to go? Translation for point number two: IBM is giving away one of its golden eggs.

The third aspect is the RISC chips. IBM has a distinct advantage in that area over Apple. Apple knows that in the CPU game, power and speed are critical for winning. RISC looks like the way to go if they want to put out a machine that is more than a small incremental step in the clock cycle. So IBM, along with Motorola,is providing this golden egg.

The fourth point of the press release has to do with multimedia. Two words I am getting tired of seeing, “multimedia” and “hyper”-anything (imagine what I feel like when I see “hyper-multimedia”). Multimedia has some great potential, but it has some severe limitations due to hardware and software constraints. Maybe someday will see, “America’s Funniest Home Multimedia Projects”, but not in the near future. Still, it does need to be worked on if it is ever going to give fruit. It is flashier than artificial intelligence (which I would rather have), and the current players have the money to spend on it. Apple is far ahead of anyone in the multimedia appliance area. This golden egg is from Apple.

So there you have it. An agreement of give and take. IBM is looking to save its PC market and get the right GUI. Apple is looking on trying to increase profits and chart its CPU course for the next decade.

What will become of it? Some say that it is doomed to failure. For one reason, Apple and IBM are two fairly disparate companies. Second, proprietary technology tends to kill things (remember Beta vs. VHS formats?); I know the Mac is this way, but that has been the reason for expensive computers. Thirdly, this is just an agreement. Many look at this as IBM’s operating system of the month. Apple has made many agreements that haven’t revolutionized the world as they thought they would (Apple announcement of TrueType just made Adobe release their type specs and come out with the Adobe Type Manager. Conclusion: we have more accessible Postscript printers and technology, but we still have Postscript.).

On the lighter side, what would you call the new Mac? (a rhetorical question) I have seen “MacBlue”, “IBMac”, “BMac”, “Janus” (after the two-faced god), “Big Red Computer”, and “AIM” (for Apple/IBM machine).

[Please note that this is strictly my editorial opinion. The usual disclaimers of “Not expressly the opinion of the owner of MacTutor” applies.-ed]

 
AAPL
$524.94
Apple Inc.
+5.93
MSFT
$40.01
Microsoft Corpora
-0.39
GOOG
$536.10
Google Inc.
-20.44

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

VMware Fusion 6.0.3 - Run Windows apps a...
VMware Fusion allows you to create a Virtual Machine on your Mac and run Windows (including Windows 8.1) and Windows software on your Mac. Run your favorite Windows applications alongside Mac... Read more
Tweetbot 1.5.1 - Popular iOS twitter cli...
Tweetbot is a full-featured OS X Twitter client with a lot of personality. Whether it's the meticulously-crafted interface, sounds and animation, or features like multiple timelines and column views... Read more
Mac DVDRipper Pro 4.1.7 - Copy, backup,...
Mac DVDRipper Pro is the DVD backup solution that lets you protect your DVDs from scratches, save your batteries by reading your movies from your hard disk, manage your collection with just a few... Read more
PDFpenPro 6.2 - Advanced PDF toolkit for...
PDFpenPro allows users to edit PDF's easily. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Create... Read more
PDFpen 6.2 - Edit and annotate PDFs with...
PDFpen allows users to easily edit PDF's. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Features... Read more
Monolingual 1.5.9 - Remove unwanted OS X...
Monolingual is a program for removing unnecesary language resources from OS X, in order to reclaim several hundred megabytes of disk space. It requires a 64-bit capable Intel-based Mac and at least... Read more
Maya 2015 - Professional 3D modeling and...
Maya is an award-winning software and powerful, integrated 3D modeling, animation, visual effects, and rendering solution. Because Maya is based on an open architecture, all your work can be scripted... Read more
Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty 1.1.1.180...
Download the patch by launching the Starcraft II game and downloading it through the Battle.net connection within the app. Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty is a strategy game played in real-time. You... Read more
Sibelius 7.5.0 - Music notation solution...
Sibelius is the world's best-selling music notation software for Mac. It is as intuitive to use as a pen, yet so powerful that it does most things in less than the blink of an eye. The demo includes... Read more
Typinator 5.9 - Speedy and reliable text...
Typinator turbo-charges your typing productivity. Type a little. Typinator does the rest. We've all faced projects that require repetitive typing tasks. With Typinator, you can store commonly used... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Have a Special Dead Trigger 2 Easter Bas...
Have a Special Dead Trigger 2 Easter Basket Full of Goodies, Courtesy of Madfinger Games Posted by Rob Rich on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] Dead Trigger 2 | Read more »
Almost All of Playdek’s Library is on Sa...
Almost All of Playdek’s Library is on Sale Right Now, and You Should Check it Out Posted by Rob Rich on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] Playdek has released quite a few great iOS ports of board and card games over the years, and now most of them... | Read more »
Zynga Launches Brand New Farmville Exper...
Zynga Launches Brand New Farmville Experience with Farmville 2: Country Escape Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
David. Review
David. Review By Cata Modorcea on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: MINIMALISTIC IN A DIFFERENT WAYUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad David is a minimalistic game wrapped inside of a soothing atmosphere in which the hero... | Read more »
Eyefi Unveils New Eyefi Cloud Service Th...
Eyefi Unveils New Eyefi Cloud Service That Allows Users to Share Media Across Personal Devices Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair...
Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair Review By Jennifer Allen on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: STEADY ADVENTURINGiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Treading a safe path, Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair is a... | Read more »
Yahoo Updates Flickr App with Advanced E...
Yahoo Updates Flickr App with Advanced Editing Features and More Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
My Incredible Body - A Kid's App to...
My Incredible Body - A Kid's App to Learn about the Human Body 1.1.00 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $2.99, Version: 1.1.00 (iTunes) Description: Wouldn’t it be cool to look inside yourself and see what was going on... | Read more »
Trials Frontier Review
Trials Frontier Review By Carter Dotson on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: A ROUGH LANDINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Trials Frontier finally brings the famed stunt racing franchise to mobile, but how much does its... | Read more »
Evernote Business Notebook by Moleskin I...
Evernote Business Notebook by Moleskin Introduced – Support Available in Evernote for iOS Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Free HopTo 2.2 Helps Enhance Your Productivit...
The HopTo app helps you do more on your iPad by providing more and easier adaccess to files and documents. Version 2.2 adds Egnyte and HopTo’s Mac OSX File Connector. If you already have the hopTo... Read more
National Distracted Driving Awareness Month:...
As the country recognizes National Distracted Driving Awareness Month, Sprint is reminding wireless consumers to focus on driving while behind the wheel, to not text or email while driving, and to... Read more
13-inch 2.4GHz Retina MacBook Pro available f...
Abt has the 13″ 2.4GHz 128GB Retina MacBook Pro available for $1229 including free shipping. Their price is $70 off MSRP. Read more
iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP this we...
Best Buy has iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP for a limited time. Choose free home shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Prices are valid for online orders only, in-store... Read more
iPad Airs on sale this weekend for up to $100...
Best Buy has WiFi iPad Airs on sale for $50 off MSRP and WiFi + Cellular iPad Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store for a limited time, with prices now starting at $449. Choose free... Read more
Apple restocks refurbished Mac minis starting...
The Apple Store has restocked Apple Certified Refurbished Mac minis for up to $150 off the cost of new models. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and shipping is free: - 2.5GHz Mac... Read more
Hyundai Brings Apple CarPlay To The 2015 Sona...
Hyundai Motor America has announced it will bring Apple CarPlay functionality to the 2015 Sonata. CarPlay is pitched as a smarter, safer and easier way to use iPhone in the car and gives iPhone users... Read more
Updated iPads Coming Sooner Than We Had Thoug...
MacRumors, cites KGI securities analyst Ming Chi Kuo, well-respected as an Apple product prognisticator, saying that Apple will introduce an upgraded iPad Air and iPad mini in 2014/Q3, meaning the... Read more
Toshiba Unveils New High And Low End Laptop M...
Toshiba has announced new laptop models covering both the high-end and low-end of the notebook computer spectrum. Toshiba 4K Ultra HD Laptop Toshiba’s new Satellite P55t features one of the world’s... Read more
Save up to $270 with Apple refurbished 13-inc...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished October 2013 13″ Retina MacBook Pros available starting at $1099, with models up to $270 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Automotive Parts Department position...
Apple Automotive is one of the fastest growing dealer…and it shows. Consider making the switch to the Apple Automotive Group today! At Apple Automotive, we Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Retail - Manager - Holyoke - Apple I...
Job Summary Keeping an Apple Store thriving requires a diverse set of leadership skills, and as a Manager, you’re a master of them all. In the store’s fast-paced, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Manager - Apple (United Sta...
Job SummaryKeeping an Apple Store thriving requires a diverse set of leadership skills, and as a Manager, you're a master of them all. In the store's fast-paced, dynamic Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.