TweetFollow Us on Twitter

ADB Count
Volume Number:6
Issue Number:5
Column Tag:XCMD Corner

Related Info: ADB Manager

CountADBs and Reality

By Donald Koscheka, , Mark Armstrong

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

This column strives to present interesting insights into enhancing Hypercard through XCMDs. When I started writing this column almost two years ago, I was apprehensive; how would I come up with a new idea each month year in and year out. The answer to this question was something of a revelation to me -- once I decided to keep coming up with new ideas, I began looking in new places for those ideas. No part of Macintosh programming is off-limits, I explore everything. Of course there are limits to what one person can do and I find myself very often writing a column in response to some question asked by a colleague or a reader.

I’ve decided that it’s time to go one step further. Beginning this month, intermittently offer this space for “guest XCMDs” such as Mark Armstrong’s following ADB externals. The guest columnist idea appeals to me for two reasons: (1) it broadens the column’s “reach” by discussing areas that I may have not explored myself and (2) it provides you with different perspectives and coding styles so that you can see how others have solved specific problems in an XCMD. This is an open invitation. If you would like to have your XCMD published, send it to me via AppleLink (N0735) or America OnLine (AFC Donald) or to the Editor. Use Macwrite or TEXT only. I will respond as quickly as possible to inform you as to whether I can use the article or not. A few rules: If I can use the material, I will edit it and return it to you for approval. I edit for style and grammar, expect to have some work done to your prose. Don’t submit anything that you don’t want in the public domain and don’t submit any article without source code. You may use whatever language you like. Give yourself a “short plug” at the beginning of the column so that other readers get to know you better.

This month, I would like to introduce Mark Armstrong, Vice President of Research and Development at Pharos Technologies, Inc, a software development and systems integration company in Cincinnati, Ohio. Mark has written one commercial engineering application on the Macintosh called “UNITize” and has contributed to the arcade-style game “Marble Madness”. With his physics degree firmly in hand, he still wonders how he got mixed up in all this.

CountADBs and Reality

In some circumstances (such as on the factory floor), there is a need to monitor the Macintosh to determine whether the mouse or keyboard devices become detached from ADB. Some software may modify their behavior if certain input devices are available, hiding or showing functionality based on that result. Below are two simple XFCN’s, developed in Think C 4.0, that tell you if the mouse and keyboard are connected.

According to Inside Macintosh Volume 5, the function CountADBs() “returns a value representing the number of devices connected to the Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) by counting the number of entries in the device table....” The important word is representing. It does not really tell you what is connected out there on the bus. Consequently, even if you have no devices hooked up to ADB, CountADBs() will return a value of 2. This happens because the system always installs the keyboard and mouse drivers regardless of whether they are physically resident. To find out what is really connected to ADB you can poll devices that you believe are connected to the ADB. Connected devices will respond to the poll.

Before going too far, you must determine whether the host machine is equipped for ADB. The following call to SysEnvirons() determines whether ADB is installed.

/* 1 */

Boolean ADBExists()
 {
 SysEnvRectheWorld;
 OSErr  err;
 
 err = SysEnvirons(1,&theWorld);
 if (err) return (FALSE);
 else
 {
if ((theWorld.machineType >= 0) && (theWorld.machineType < 3)) 
 return (FALSE);
 else return (TRUE);
 }
 }

Once you have determined that ADB exists on your machine, you check to see what devices are actually there by looping from 1 to the maximum allowable number of ADB devices (16). Inside the loop, you call ADBIndAvail() which returns TRUE if the specified device is physically connected and functional or FALSE otherwise. ADBIndAvail() takes a device specified by the index and sends a command via ADBOp() to that device to see if it is responding. If the device receives the operation, it will signal that it has done so by executing a completion routine. If the completion routine ADBOp() doesn’t execute, then the device did not receive the message, and we can assume that the device is dysfunctional or disconnected. The completion routine ADBComplete() sets a global variable to TRUE. If completion does not occur, then the operation times out and the global variable remains FALSE. In the following code, we use the first byte of Scratch8 as the global variable. We chose to use Scratch8 because this code was developed for a Think C 4.0 XCMD where A4 had already been pushed using SetUpA4(). In most cases, a regular global variable will do the trick.

/* 2 */

#define ADB_TIMEOUT10000

extern char Scratch8[]  : 0x9FA;

ADBComplete(){
 *(char *)Scratch8 = TRUE;
}

ADBIndAvail(index)
 short  index;
 {
 ADBAddress addrs;
 ADBDataBlock  devBlock;
 OSErr  err;
 short  cmdNum;
 Str255 ADBData;
 
 addrs = GetIndADB(&devBlock,index);
 cmdNum = ((addrs*16)+0xF);
 ADBData[0] = 0;
 ADBData[1] = 0;
 ADBData[2] = 0;
 
 *(char *)Scratch8 = FALSE;
 err = ADBOp(NIL,ADBComplete,&ADBData,cmdNum);
 if (!err){
 short I= 0;
 do
 if (++I > ADB_TIMEOUT) *(char *)Scratch8 = TRUE; 
 while (!*(char *)Scratch8);
 if (ADBData[0] != 0) return (TRUE);
 }
 return (FALSE);
}

In both cases below, the first portion of the code checks to see if the first and only argument is a question mark (?) or an exclamation point (!). If so, the XFCN responds appropriately as suggested by MacDTS.

The XFCN checks first to see if ADB exists on this machine and returns an error code if it does not. Next, it loops through all the devices to see if any one of them is a responding mouse. If it finds one, it returns TRUE, otherwise it completes the loop and returns FALSE. Each time through the loop, we call GetIndADB(), as directed in Inside Mac, to determine if the device in question is, indeed, a mouse.

/* 3 */

#include “MacTypes.h”
#include “HyperXCmd.h”
#include “DeskBus.h”
#include “SetUpA4.h”

#define ADB_KEYBOARD 2
#define ADB_MOUSE3

#define STANDARD_KBD 1
#define EXTENDED_KBD 2

#define MAX_ADB_DEVICES 16

pascal main(paramPtr)
   XCmdBlockPtr  paramPtr;
   {
   Str255 str;
   shortix;
   
   RememberA0();
   SetUpA4();
   
   if(paramPtr->paramCount == 1){
   ZeroToPas(paramPtr,*((unsigned char **)paramPtr->params[0]),str);
      if (str[0] == 1){
        if (str[1] == ‘?’) 
 pstrcpy(str,”\pKBDAvail()”);
        else if (str[1] == ‘!’) 
 pstrcpy(str,”\pv1.0; © Pharos Technologies, Inc. 1989");
      }
      goto Done;
   }
   
   if (!ADBExists()){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\p0\rnoADB”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
   
 for ( ix  =1; ix <=MAX_ADB_DEVICES; ix ++){
 ADBDataBlock    ADBinfo;
 ADBAddress ADBaddr;
 
 if (!ADBIndAvail( ix )) continue;
 ADBaddr = GetIndADB(&ADBinfo,I);
 if (ADBaddr <= 0) continue;
 if (ADBinfo.origADBAddr == ADB_MOUSE){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\ptrue”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
 }
 pstrcpy(str,”\pfalse”);
Done:
   paramPtr->returnValue = PasToZero(paramPtr,(StringPtr)str);
   RestoreA4();
}

A similar routine checks for keyboard devices. This routine not only checks to see if it is a keyboard, but also returns the type of keyboard by examining the devType field of ADBInfo.

/* 4 */

#include “MacTypes.h”
#include “HyperXCmd.h”
#include “DeskBus.h”
#include “SetUpA4.h”

#define ADB_KEYBOARD 2
#define ADB_MOUSE3
#define STANDARD_KBD 1
#define EXTENDED_KBD 2
#define MAX_ADB_DEVICES 16

pascal main(paramPtr)
   XCmdBlockPtr  paramPtr;
   {
   Str255 str;
   shortI;
   
   RememberA0();
   SetUpA4();
   
   if (paramPtr->paramCount == 1){
   ZeroToPas(paramPtr,*((unsigned char **)paramPtr->params[0]),str);
      if (str[0] == 1){
        if (str[1] == ‘?’) 
 pstrcpy(str,”\pKBDAvail()”);
        else if (str[1] == ‘!’) 
 pstrcpy(str,”\pv1.0; © Pharos Technologies, Inc. 1989");
      }
      goto Done;
    }
   
   if (!ADBExists()){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\p0\rnoADB”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
   
 for (I=1;I<=MAX_ADB_DEVICES;I++){
 ADBDataBlock    ADBinfo;
 ADBAddress ADBaddr;
 
 if (!ADBIndAvail(I)) continue;
 ADBaddr = GetIndADB(&ADBinfo,I);
 if (ADBaddr <= 0) continue;

 if (ADBinfo.origADBAddr == ADB_KEYBOARD){
 if (ADBinfo.devType == STANDARD_KBD){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\ptrue,standard”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
 else if (ADBinfo.devType == EXTENDED_KBD){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\ptrue,extended”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
 else{ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\ptrue,unknown”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
 }
 }
 pstrcpy(str,”\pfalse”);
Done:
   paramPtr->returnValue = PasToZero(paramPtr,(StringPtr)str);
   RestoreA4();
   }

Once you know how to identify a particular device, it is easy to check to see if it is present on ADB. If you don’t know how to identify a given device, then the code above can be easily modified to return all devices found on ADB. By the way, I would like to give special thanks and credit to Cameron Birse. If you don’t recognize the name from any number of “sources”, then never mind.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Bookends 12.8 - Reference management and...
Bookends is a full-featured bibliography/reference and information-management system for students and professionals. Bookends uses the cloud to sync reference libraries on all the Macs you use.... Read more
Apple iTunes 12.6 - Play Apple Music and...
Apple iTunes lets you organize and stream Apple Music, download and watch video and listen to Podcasts. It can automatically download new music, app, and book purchases across all your devices and... Read more
Default Folder X 5.1.4 - Enhances Open a...
Default Folder X attaches a toolbar to the right side of the Open and Save dialogs in any OS X-native application. The toolbar gives you fast access to various folders and commands. You just click on... Read more
Amazon Chime 4.1.5587 - Amazon-based com...
Amazon Chime is a communications service that transforms online meetings with a secure, easy-to-use application that you can trust. Amazon Chime works seamlessly across your devices so that you can... Read more
CrossOver 16.2 - Run Windows apps on you...
CrossOver can get your Windows productivity applications and PC games up and running on your Mac quickly and easily. CrossOver runs the Windows software that you need on Mac at home, in the office,... Read more
Adobe Creative Cloud 4.0.0.185 - Access...
Adobe Creative Cloud costs $19.99/month for a single app, or $49.99/month for the entire suite. Introducing Adobe Creative Cloud desktop applications, including Adobe Photoshop CC and Illustrator CC... Read more
MegaSeg 6.0.2 - Professional DJ and radi...
MegaSeg is a complete solution for pro audio/video DJ mixing, radio automation, and music scheduling with rock-solid performance and an easy-to-use design. Mix with visual waveforms and Magic... Read more
Bookends 12.8 - Reference management and...
Bookends is a full-featured bibliography/reference and information-management system for students and professionals. Bookends uses the cloud to sync reference libraries on all the Macs you use.... Read more
Adobe Creative Cloud 4.0.0.185 - Access...
Adobe Creative Cloud costs $19.99/month for a single app, or $49.99/month for the entire suite. Introducing Adobe Creative Cloud desktop applications, including Adobe Photoshop CC and Illustrator CC... Read more
Default Folder X 5.1.4 - Enhances Open a...
Default Folder X attaches a toolbar to the right side of the Open and Save dialogs in any OS X-native application. The toolbar gives you fast access to various folders and commands. You just click on... Read more

The best deals on the App Store this wee...
Deals, deals, deals. We're all about a good bargain here on 148Apps, and luckily this was another fine week in App Store discounts. There's a big board game sale happening right now, and a few fine indies are still discounted through the weekend.... | Read more »
The best new games we played this week
It's been quite the week, but now that all of that business is out of the way, it's time to hunker down with some of the excellent games that were released over the past few days. There's a fair few to help you relax in your down time or if you're... | Read more »
Orphan Black: The Game (Games)
Orphan Black: The Game 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Dive into a dark and twisted puzzle-adventure that retells the pivotal events of Orphan Black. | Read more »
The Elder Scrolls: Legends is now availa...
| Read more »
Ticket to Earth beginner's guide: H...
Robot Circus launched Ticket to Earth as part of the App Store's indie games event last week. If you're not quite digging the space operatics Mass Effect: Andromeda is serving up, you'll be pleased to know that there's a surprising alternative on... | Read more »
Leap to victory in Nexx Studios new plat...
You’re always a hop, skip, and a jump away from a fiery death in Temple Jump, a new platformer-cum-endless runner from Nexx Studio. It’s out now on both iOS and Android if you’re an adventurer seeking treasure in a crumbling, pixel-laden temple. | Read more »
Failbetter Games details changes coming...
Sunless Sea, Failbetter Games' dark and gloomy sea explorer, sets sail for the iPad tomorrow. Ahead of the game's launch, Failbetter took to Twitter to discuss what will be different in the mobile version of the game. Many of the changes make... | Read more »
Splish, splash! The Pokémon GO Water Fes...
Niantic is back with a new festival for dedicated Pokémon GO collectors. The Water Festival officially kicks off today at 1 P.M. PDT and runs through March 29. Magikarp, Squirtle, Totodile, and their assorted evolved forms will be appearing at... | Read more »
Death Road to Canada (Games)
Death Road to Canada 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $7.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Get it now at the low launch price! Price will go up a dollar every major update. Update news at the bottom of this... | Read more »
Bean's Quest Beginner's Guide:...
Bean's Quest is a new take on both the classic platformer and the endless runner, and it's free on the App Store for the time being. Instead of running constantly, you can't stop jumping. That adds a surprising new level of challenge to the game... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

2.6GHz Mac mini on sale for $559, $140 off MS...
Guitar Center has the 2.6GHz Mac mini (MGEN2LL/A) on sale for $559 including free shipping. Their price is $140 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this model. Read more
SSD Speeder RAM Disk SSD Life Extender App Fo...
Fehraltorf, Switzerland based B-Eng has announced they are making their SSD Speeder app for macOS publicly available for purchase on their website. SSD Speeder is a RAM disk utility that prevents... Read more
iPhone Scores Highest Overall in Smartphone D...
Customer satisfaction is much higher among smartphone owners who use their device to operate other connected home services such as smart thermostats and smart appliances, according to the J.D. Power... Read more
Swipe CRM Free Photo-Centric CRM Sales DEal C...
Swipe CRM LLC has introduced Swipe CRM: Visual Sales 1.0 for iPad, an app for creating, managing, and sharing visually stunning sales deals. Swipe CRM is targeted to small-and-medium creative... Read more
13-inch 2.0GHz Apple MacBook Pros on sale for...
B&H has the non-Touch Bar 13″ 2.0GHz MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 2.0GHz MacBook Pro Space Gray (... Read more
15-inch Touch Bar MacBook Pros on sale for up...
B&H Photo has the new 2016 15″ Apple Touch Bar MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.7GHz Touch Bar... Read more
Apple’s iPhone 6s Tops Best-Selling Smartphon...
In terms of shipments, the iPhone 6s from Apple bested all competitors for sales in 2016, according to new analysis from IHS Markit, a world leader in critical information, analytics and solutions.... Read more
Logitech Rugged Combo Protective iPad Case an...
Logitech has announced its Logitech Rugged Combo, Logitech Rugged Case, and Logitech Add-on Keyboard for Rugged Case for Apple’s new, more affordable $329 9.7-inch iPad, a complete solution designed... Read more
T-Mobile To Offer iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus...
T-Mobile has announced it will offer iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus (PRODUCT)RED Special Edition in a vibrant red aluminum finish. The introduction of this special edition iPhone celebrates Apple’s 10... Read more
9-inch 128GB iPad Pros on sale for $50-$70 of...
B&H Photo has 9.7″ 128GB Apple WiFi iPad Pros on sale for up to $70 off MSRP, each including free shipping. B&H charges sales tax in NY only: - 9″ Space Gray 128GB WiFi iPad Pro: $649 $50... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Fulltime aan de slag als shopmanager in een h...
Ben jij helemaal gek van Apple -producten en vind je het helemaal super om fulltime shopmanager te zijn in een jonge en hippe elektronicazaak? Wil jij werken in Read more
Starte Dein Karriere-Abenteuer in den Hauptst...
…mehrsprachigen Teams betreust Du Kunden von bekannten globale Marken wie Apple , Mercedes, Facebook, Expedia, und vielen anderen! Funktion Du wolltest schon Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions- Chicago...
SalesSpecialist - Retail Customer Service and SalesTransform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
Fulltime aan de slag als shopmanager in een h...
Ben jij helemaal gek van Apple -producten en vind je het helemaal super om fulltime shopmanager te zijn in een jonge en hippe elektronicazaak? Wil jij werken in Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.