TweetFollow Us on Twitter

ADB Count
Volume Number:6
Issue Number:5
Column Tag:XCMD Corner

Related Info: ADB Manager

CountADBs and Reality

By Donald Koscheka, , Mark Armstrong

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

This column strives to present interesting insights into enhancing Hypercard through XCMDs. When I started writing this column almost two years ago, I was apprehensive; how would I come up with a new idea each month year in and year out. The answer to this question was something of a revelation to me -- once I decided to keep coming up with new ideas, I began looking in new places for those ideas. No part of Macintosh programming is off-limits, I explore everything. Of course there are limits to what one person can do and I find myself very often writing a column in response to some question asked by a colleague or a reader.

I’ve decided that it’s time to go one step further. Beginning this month, intermittently offer this space for “guest XCMDs” such as Mark Armstrong’s following ADB externals. The guest columnist idea appeals to me for two reasons: (1) it broadens the column’s “reach” by discussing areas that I may have not explored myself and (2) it provides you with different perspectives and coding styles so that you can see how others have solved specific problems in an XCMD. This is an open invitation. If you would like to have your XCMD published, send it to me via AppleLink (N0735) or America OnLine (AFC Donald) or to the Editor. Use Macwrite or TEXT only. I will respond as quickly as possible to inform you as to whether I can use the article or not. A few rules: If I can use the material, I will edit it and return it to you for approval. I edit for style and grammar, expect to have some work done to your prose. Don’t submit anything that you don’t want in the public domain and don’t submit any article without source code. You may use whatever language you like. Give yourself a “short plug” at the beginning of the column so that other readers get to know you better.

This month, I would like to introduce Mark Armstrong, Vice President of Research and Development at Pharos Technologies, Inc, a software development and systems integration company in Cincinnati, Ohio. Mark has written one commercial engineering application on the Macintosh called “UNITize” and has contributed to the arcade-style game “Marble Madness”. With his physics degree firmly in hand, he still wonders how he got mixed up in all this.

CountADBs and Reality

In some circumstances (such as on the factory floor), there is a need to monitor the Macintosh to determine whether the mouse or keyboard devices become detached from ADB. Some software may modify their behavior if certain input devices are available, hiding or showing functionality based on that result. Below are two simple XFCN’s, developed in Think C 4.0, that tell you if the mouse and keyboard are connected.

According to Inside Macintosh Volume 5, the function CountADBs() “returns a value representing the number of devices connected to the Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) by counting the number of entries in the device table....” The important word is representing. It does not really tell you what is connected out there on the bus. Consequently, even if you have no devices hooked up to ADB, CountADBs() will return a value of 2. This happens because the system always installs the keyboard and mouse drivers regardless of whether they are physically resident. To find out what is really connected to ADB you can poll devices that you believe are connected to the ADB. Connected devices will respond to the poll.

Before going too far, you must determine whether the host machine is equipped for ADB. The following call to SysEnvirons() determines whether ADB is installed.

/* 1 */

Boolean ADBExists()
 {
 SysEnvRectheWorld;
 OSErr  err;
 
 err = SysEnvirons(1,&theWorld);
 if (err) return (FALSE);
 else
 {
if ((theWorld.machineType >= 0) && (theWorld.machineType < 3)) 
 return (FALSE);
 else return (TRUE);
 }
 }

Once you have determined that ADB exists on your machine, you check to see what devices are actually there by looping from 1 to the maximum allowable number of ADB devices (16). Inside the loop, you call ADBIndAvail() which returns TRUE if the specified device is physically connected and functional or FALSE otherwise. ADBIndAvail() takes a device specified by the index and sends a command via ADBOp() to that device to see if it is responding. If the device receives the operation, it will signal that it has done so by executing a completion routine. If the completion routine ADBOp() doesn’t execute, then the device did not receive the message, and we can assume that the device is dysfunctional or disconnected. The completion routine ADBComplete() sets a global variable to TRUE. If completion does not occur, then the operation times out and the global variable remains FALSE. In the following code, we use the first byte of Scratch8 as the global variable. We chose to use Scratch8 because this code was developed for a Think C 4.0 XCMD where A4 had already been pushed using SetUpA4(). In most cases, a regular global variable will do the trick.

/* 2 */

#define ADB_TIMEOUT10000

extern char Scratch8[]  : 0x9FA;

ADBComplete(){
 *(char *)Scratch8 = TRUE;
}

ADBIndAvail(index)
 short  index;
 {
 ADBAddress addrs;
 ADBDataBlock  devBlock;
 OSErr  err;
 short  cmdNum;
 Str255 ADBData;
 
 addrs = GetIndADB(&devBlock,index);
 cmdNum = ((addrs*16)+0xF);
 ADBData[0] = 0;
 ADBData[1] = 0;
 ADBData[2] = 0;
 
 *(char *)Scratch8 = FALSE;
 err = ADBOp(NIL,ADBComplete,&ADBData,cmdNum);
 if (!err){
 short I= 0;
 do
 if (++I > ADB_TIMEOUT) *(char *)Scratch8 = TRUE; 
 while (!*(char *)Scratch8);
 if (ADBData[0] != 0) return (TRUE);
 }
 return (FALSE);
}

In both cases below, the first portion of the code checks to see if the first and only argument is a question mark (?) or an exclamation point (!). If so, the XFCN responds appropriately as suggested by MacDTS.

The XFCN checks first to see if ADB exists on this machine and returns an error code if it does not. Next, it loops through all the devices to see if any one of them is a responding mouse. If it finds one, it returns TRUE, otherwise it completes the loop and returns FALSE. Each time through the loop, we call GetIndADB(), as directed in Inside Mac, to determine if the device in question is, indeed, a mouse.

/* 3 */

#include “MacTypes.h”
#include “HyperXCmd.h”
#include “DeskBus.h”
#include “SetUpA4.h”

#define ADB_KEYBOARD 2
#define ADB_MOUSE3

#define STANDARD_KBD 1
#define EXTENDED_KBD 2

#define MAX_ADB_DEVICES 16

pascal main(paramPtr)
   XCmdBlockPtr  paramPtr;
   {
   Str255 str;
   shortix;
   
   RememberA0();
   SetUpA4();
   
   if(paramPtr->paramCount == 1){
   ZeroToPas(paramPtr,*((unsigned char **)paramPtr->params[0]),str);
      if (str[0] == 1){
        if (str[1] == ‘?’) 
 pstrcpy(str,”\pKBDAvail()”);
        else if (str[1] == ‘!’) 
 pstrcpy(str,”\pv1.0; © Pharos Technologies, Inc. 1989");
      }
      goto Done;
   }
   
   if (!ADBExists()){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\p0\rnoADB”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
   
 for ( ix  =1; ix <=MAX_ADB_DEVICES; ix ++){
 ADBDataBlock    ADBinfo;
 ADBAddress ADBaddr;
 
 if (!ADBIndAvail( ix )) continue;
 ADBaddr = GetIndADB(&ADBinfo,I);
 if (ADBaddr <= 0) continue;
 if (ADBinfo.origADBAddr == ADB_MOUSE){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\ptrue”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
 }
 pstrcpy(str,”\pfalse”);
Done:
   paramPtr->returnValue = PasToZero(paramPtr,(StringPtr)str);
   RestoreA4();
}

A similar routine checks for keyboard devices. This routine not only checks to see if it is a keyboard, but also returns the type of keyboard by examining the devType field of ADBInfo.

/* 4 */

#include “MacTypes.h”
#include “HyperXCmd.h”
#include “DeskBus.h”
#include “SetUpA4.h”

#define ADB_KEYBOARD 2
#define ADB_MOUSE3
#define STANDARD_KBD 1
#define EXTENDED_KBD 2
#define MAX_ADB_DEVICES 16

pascal main(paramPtr)
   XCmdBlockPtr  paramPtr;
   {
   Str255 str;
   shortI;
   
   RememberA0();
   SetUpA4();
   
   if (paramPtr->paramCount == 1){
   ZeroToPas(paramPtr,*((unsigned char **)paramPtr->params[0]),str);
      if (str[0] == 1){
        if (str[1] == ‘?’) 
 pstrcpy(str,”\pKBDAvail()”);
        else if (str[1] == ‘!’) 
 pstrcpy(str,”\pv1.0; © Pharos Technologies, Inc. 1989");
      }
      goto Done;
    }
   
   if (!ADBExists()){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\p0\rnoADB”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
   
 for (I=1;I<=MAX_ADB_DEVICES;I++){
 ADBDataBlock    ADBinfo;
 ADBAddress ADBaddr;
 
 if (!ADBIndAvail(I)) continue;
 ADBaddr = GetIndADB(&ADBinfo,I);
 if (ADBaddr <= 0) continue;

 if (ADBinfo.origADBAddr == ADB_KEYBOARD){
 if (ADBinfo.devType == STANDARD_KBD){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\ptrue,standard”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
 else if (ADBinfo.devType == EXTENDED_KBD){ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\ptrue,extended”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
 else{ 
 pstrcpy(str,”\ptrue,unknown”); 
 goto Done; 
 }
 }
 }
 pstrcpy(str,”\pfalse”);
Done:
   paramPtr->returnValue = PasToZero(paramPtr,(StringPtr)str);
   RestoreA4();
   }

Once you know how to identify a particular device, it is easy to check to see if it is present on ADB. If you don’t know how to identify a given device, then the code above can be easily modified to return all devices found on ADB. By the way, I would like to give special thanks and credit to Cameron Birse. If you don’t recognize the name from any number of “sources”, then never mind.

 
AAPL
$104.87
Apple Inc.
+1.88
MSFT
$44.74
Microsoft Corpora
+0.36
GOOG
$543.85
Google Inc.
+11.14

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

jAlbum Pro 12.2.4 - Organize your digita...
jAlbum Pro has all the features you love in jAlbum, but comes with a commercial license. With jAlbum, you can create gorgeous custom photo galleries for the Web without writing a line of code!... Read more
jAlbum 12.2.4 - Create custom photo gall...
With jAlbum, you can create gorgeous custom photo galleries for the Web without writing a line of code! Beginner-friendly, with pro results Simply drag and drop photos into groups, choose a design... Read more
ExpanDrive 4.1.7 - Access remote files o...
ExpanDrive builds cloud storage in every application, acts just like a USB drive plugged into your Mac. With ExpanDrive, you can securely access any remote file server directly from the Finder or... Read more
OmniOutliner Pro 4.1.3 - Pro version of...
OmniOutliner Pro is a flexible program for creating, collecting, and organizing information. Give your creativity a kick start by using an application that's actually designed to help you think. It'... Read more
Evernote 5.6.2 - Create searchable notes...
Evernote allows you to easily capture information in any environment using whatever device or platform you find most convenient, and makes this information accessible and searchable at anytime, from... Read more
OmniOutliner 4.1.3 - Organize your ideas...
OmniOutliner is a flexible program for creating, collecting, and organizing information. Give your creativity a kick start by using an application that's actually designed to help you think. It's... Read more
BBEdit 11.0 - Powerful text and HTML edi...
BBEdit is the leading professional HTML and text editor for the Mac. Specifically crafted in response to the needs of Web authors and software developers, this award-winning product provides a... Read more
Apple Security Update 2014-005 - For OS...
Apple Security Update is recommended for all users and improves the security of Mac OS X. For information on the security content of this update, please visit this website: http://support.apple.com/... Read more
EyeTV 3.6.6 - Watch and record TV on you...
EyeTV brings a rich TV experience to your Mac. Watch live TV on your Mac. Pause, rewind, and record whenever you want. EyeTV gives you powerful control over what you watch and how you watch it. Put... Read more
RapidWeaver 6.0 - Create template-based...
RapidWeaver is a next-generation Web design application to help you easily create professional-looking Web sites in minutes. No knowledge of complex code is required, RapidWeaver will take care of... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Garruk Gets His Revenge in a New Magic 2...
Garruk Gets His Revenge in a New Magic 2015 Expansion, Coming This November Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 23rd, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Sentinels of the Multiverse Review
Sentinels of the Multiverse Review By Rob Thomas on October 23rd, 2014 Our Rating: :: SENTINELS ASSEMBLEiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Greater Than Games’ tabletop classic, Sentinels of the Multiverse swoops in to save the... | Read more »
Build Your Own Fantasy Football Dynasty...
Build Your Own Fantasy Football Dynasty with Draft Day Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 23rd, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Cars: Fast as Lightning – Tips, Tricks,...
Hey there, Stickers: Want to know all about how impressed we were with Radiator Springs? Check out our Cars: Fast as Lightning review! Cars: Fast as Lightning is a cute and fun app that combines racing and town-building with the charisma and... | Read more »
Jam Messenger Review
Jam Messenger Review By Jennifer Allen on October 23rd, 2014 Our Rating: :: SIMPLE MESSAGINGiPhone App - Designed for the iPhone, compatible with the iPad Want a very quick way to send push-based messages? Jam Messenger is basic... | Read more »
Felllice (Games)
Felllice 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: EXCLUSIVE PRICE DROP! 50% OFF FOR A LIMITED TIME! EAT EAT EAT AND GROW ! | Read more »
The Arrow Game: by Grazie Media (Games)
The Arrow Game: by Grazie Media 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Guide a flying arrow through skyscrapers and city streets to hit a distant target. Experience an endless... | Read more »
Worldly (Games)
Worldly 1.2 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.2 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
Money Pro - EASY! Bills, Budgets and Acc...
Money Pro - EASY! Bills, Budgets and Accounts w/ Sync 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Finance Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Manage money like a pro. Money Pro is the next generation of Money app (over 2 million... | Read more »
Pro Strategy Football 2014 (Games)
Pro Strategy Football 2014 2014.141001 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 2014.141001 (iTunes) Description: Take the proven strategy of the PSF franchise and add in Casual Play, improved graphics and... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple refurbished Time Capsules available sta...
The Apple Store has certified refurbished Time Capsules available for up to $60 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each Time Capsule, and shipping is free: - 2TB Time Capsule: $255... Read more
Textilus New Word, Notes and PDF Processor fo...
Textilus is new word-crunching, notes, and PDF processor designed exclusively for the iPad. I haven’t had time to thoroughly check it out yet, but it looks great and early reviews are positive.... Read more
WD My Passport Pro Bus-Powered Thunderbolt RA...
WD’s My Passport Pro RAID solution is powered by an integrated Thunderbolt cable for true portability and speeds as high as 233 MB/s. HighlightsOverviewSpecifications Transfer, Back Up And Edit In... Read more
Save with Best Buy’s College Student Deals
Take an additional $50 off all MacBooks and iMacs at Best Buy Online with their College Students Deals Savings, valid through November 1st. Anyone with a valid .EDU email address can take advantage... Read more
iPad Air 2 & iPad mini 3 Best Tablets Yet...
The new iPads turned out to be pretty much everything I’d been hoping for and more than I’d expected.”More” particularly in terms of a drinking-from-a-firehose choice of models and configurations,... Read more
Drafts 4 Reinvents iOS Productivity App
N Richland Hills, Texas based Agile Tortoise has announced the release of Drafts 4 for iPhone and iPad. Drafts is a quick capture note taking app with flexible output actions. Drafts 4 scales from... Read more
AT&T accepting preorders for new iPads fo...
AT&T Wireless is accepting preorders for the new iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3, cellular models, for $100 off MSRP with a 2-year service agreement: - 16GB iPad Air 2 WiFi + Cellular: $529.99 - 64GB... Read more
Apple offering refurbished Mac Pros for up to...
The Apple Store is offering Apple Certified Refurbished 2013 Mac Pros for up to $600 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each Mac Pro, and shipping is free. The... Read more
Select MacBook Airs $100 off MSRP, free shipp...
B&H Photo has 2014 a couple of MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. They also include free copies of Parallels Desktop and LoJack for... Read more
13-inch 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $100 o...
B&H Photo has the 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $999.99 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $100 off MSRP. Read more

Jobs Board

Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Project Manager / Business Analyst, WW *Appl...
…a senior project manager / business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Fulfillment Operations and the Business Process Re-engineering team. This role will work Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
…customers purchase our products, you're the one who helps them get more out of their new Apple technology. Your day in the Apple Store is filled with a range of Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.