TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Detect Multifinder
Volume Number:6
Issue Number:3
Column Tag:TechNotes

Related Info: OS Utilities

Detecting MultiFinder

By Paul Davis, Dunedin, New Zealand

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Detecting MultiFinder from THINK Pascal

I am currently engaged in researching Mac language technology for the application of expert systems to the finance industry. I’ve been involved in IBM PC software since 1983, and managed the company which developed and released Pertmaster Advance, a project management package, on that platform. Since buying my first 128k Mac I’ve been interested in the potential of the Mac. With the release of the Mac II, I began working with Mac software full time.

I am convinced that OOP is here to stay, and using THINK Pascal V2.0 to explore it. After a brief exposure to MacApp I started writing a smaller MultiFinder friendly OOP application shell I’m calling MiniMac, working from the Apple demo programs OOPTextEdit and Events, the class structures of Coral LISP, Prograph, and SmallTalk; and any other Mac system class structures I can find.

While doing this, I noticed that it is useful when trying to decide how to deal with DA’s and activate events to be able to tell if MultiFinder is running, and not just if _WaitNextEvent is implemented as Apple DTS seems to think. If MultiFinder is running you can depend on resume, suspend and mouse-moved events. With just Finder running you have to use some other scheme to handle the cursor and detect whether an activate involves scrap conversion.

Noticing that one of the tech notes mentions that mouse-moved events are received as long as the mouse is outside the cursorRgn provided in a WaitNextEvent call, I wrote the following small routine. For my purposes it works beautifully.

By the way, you have to compile it into a standalone application to try it, THINK never passes my applications any app4 events while running under MultiFinder. I’ve tried it and it works great on my system: MacSE with 2.5Mb Ram, Radius 68020,68881 and TPD, System Software 6.0.3.

Explanation of the Code:

Multifinder test: hasWaitNextEvent is a boolean function set by the normal checking of the _WaitNextEvent trap described in Tech Notes and repeated below. If it is not true then MultiFinder couldn’t be running anyway. If WNE is implemented then I create a new region, which according to Inside Mac is set to a (0,0,0,0) rectangle. The mouse couldn’t be in there, so I do WNE’s with that region for kTries times or until I get an App4 (MultiFinder) event. I found that on my system I receive 4 null events before I get an App4 event so kTries of 10 works fine. You may need to experiment for an absolutely safe number of tries.

Shortcomings: You lose the first kTries events when your application is launched. This shouldn’t be critical, as applications generally flush the event queue anyway. Hasn’t been a problem for me anyway. You probably should use this routine before you put up any windows or other screen items so you don’t lose any update or activate events.

{1}

function multiFinderTest: Boolean;
{ a little event loop to test for MF }
{ if MF is running we are sure to get }
{ mouse-moved events with a tiny region }
  const
    kTries = 10;
{ number of events to check for mouse event }
  var
    mouseRgn: RgnHandle;
    count: Integer;
    gotEvent: Boolean;
    theEvent: EventRecord;
  begin
    multiFinderTest := False;
    { assume false }
    if hasWaitNextEvent then
    { otherwise always false }
      begin
        debugBanner(‘has WaitNextEvent’);
        gotEvent := False;
        count := 1;
        mouseRgn := NewRgn;
        { should be empty region (0,0,0,0) }
        while (gotEvent = False) and 
              (count < kTries) do
          begin
            gotEvent := WaitNextEvent(        
           EveryEvent, theEvent, 0, mouseRgn);
            if theEvent.what = app4Evt then
              multiFinderTest := True;
            count := count + 1;
          end;
        DisposeRgn(mouseRgn);
      end;
  end; { multiFinderTest }

Since THINK won’t give you MultiFinder events you have to have a way to check on what is going on from outside the THINK environment. The following routine displays a little box with a message in it without messing up the event queue or MultiFinder levels like an alert did. In the above routine I insert a:

{2}

debugBanner(StringOf(‘MultiFinder found after ‘,count,’ tries.’));

in the innermost if. This routine requires a WIND resource of convenient size and I use a proc of 2 though others would do. You can also use it to check the type of events coming through and debug your detection of mouse moved, resume, suspend and scrap convert events in the main event loop, none of which come through THINK. The {$R+-} is to disable/enable range checking to use the string as an array.

{3}

procedure debugBanner (msg: Str255);
  const
    numTicks = 1 * 60; { seconds * ticks/sec }
    kResWIND128 = 128; { WIND resource }
  var
    discard: LongInt;
    banner: WindowPtr;
    oldPort: GrafPtr;
    lineWidth: Integer;
  begin
    GetPort(oldPort);
    banner := GetNewWindow(kResWIND128, nil, 
                           Pointer(-1));
    if banner <> nil then
      begin
        ShowWindow(banner);
        { make the window visible }
        SetPort(banner);
        PenNormal;
        ClipRect(banner^.portRect);
{$R-}
        lineWidth := TextWidth(QDPtr(@msg[1]), 
                          0, Integer(msg[0]));
{$R+}
        with banner^.portRect do
          MoveTo(((right - left) - lineWidth) 
                div 2, (bottom - top) div 2);
{$R-}
        DrawText(QDPtr(@msg[1]), 0, 
                 Integer(msg[0]));
{$R+}
        Delay(numTicks, discard);
        { wait a while }
        DisposeWindow(banner);
        { get rid of window }
      end;
    SetPort(oldPort);
  end; { debugBanner }

Finally, for those who aren’t sure how to test for WNE, I include the following:

{4}

function hasWaitNextEvent: Boolean;
{ determines if hardware has WNE trap }
  const
    kVersRequested = 2;    { as of 6.0.1 }
    kWaitNextEventTrap = $A860;
    { trap address for WaitNextEvent }

{ system error constants that are missing }
{ from THINK interface }
    envBadVers = -5501;
    envVersTooBig = -5502;

  type
    pInteger = ^Integer;

  var
    result: OSErr;
    theRec: SysEnvRec;
    theRecPtr: ^SysEnvRec;

  function GetTrapType (theTrap: Integer)
                       :TrapType;
    const
      kOSTrapMask = $0F00; 
{ OS traps start with A0, Tool with A8 or AA.}
    begin
      if BAND(theTrap, $0F00) = 0 then
        GetTrapType := OSTrap
      else
        GetTrapType := ToolTrap;
    end; {GetTrapType}

  function TrapExists (theTrap: Integer)
                      : Boolean;
    const
      kUnimplementedTrap = $A89F;
      { unimplemented trap value }
    begin
      TrapExists := GetTrapAddress(kUnimplementedTrap)
         <> NGetTrapAddress(
      theTrap,GetTrapType(theTrap)
      );
    end; {TrapExists}

  begin
    hasWaitNextEvent := False;
    theRecPtr := @theRec;
    result := SysEnvirons(kVersRequested, 
                          theRecPtr^);
    with theRec do
      case result of
        envNotPresent: 
          debugBanner(’64k ROMS’);
        envBadVers: 
          debugBanner(‘negative version number 
                       passed SysEnvirons’);
        envVersTooBig, noErr: 
          begin 
   { good environs call, fill related fields }
            if machineType > envMac then
              hasWaitNextEvent := 
               TrapExists(kWaitNextEventTrap);
          end;
      end; { case }
  end; { hasWaitNextEvent }

The above routines are incorporated in a small application which calls MultiFinderTest and then displays whether finder is running or not:

{5}

program test;
  var
    multiFinderIsRunning: Boolean;

begin
  multiFinderIsRunning := multiFinderTest;
  if multiFinderIsRunning then
    debugBanner(‘multiFinder running’)
  else
    debugBanner(‘multiFinder not running’);

end. { test }

That about sums it up. Let me know if this doesn’t work in any other environments.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Default Folder X 5.1.6 - Enhances Open a...
Default Folder X attaches a toolbar to the right side of the Open and Save dialogs in any OS X-native application. The toolbar gives you fast access to various folders and commands. You just click on... Read more
Evernote 6.12.3 - Create searchable note...
Evernote allows you to easily capture information in any environment using whatever device or platform you find most convenient, and makes this information accessible and searchable at anytime, from... Read more
Geekbench 4.1.2 - Measure processor and...
Geekbench provides a comprehensive set of benchmarks engineered to quickly and accurately measure processor and memory performance. Designed to make benchmarks easy to run and easy to understand,... Read more
Carbon Copy Cloner 5.0.2 - Easy-to-use b...
Carbon Copy Cloner backups are better than ordinary backups. Suppose the unthinkable happens while you're under deadline to finish a project: your Mac is unresponsive and all you hear is an ominous,... Read more
BetterTouchTool 2.305 - Customize multi-...
BetterTouchTool adds many new, fully customizable gestures to the Magic Mouse, Multi-Touch MacBook trackpad, and Magic Trackpad. These gestures are customizable: Magic Mouse: Pinch in / out (zoom... Read more
calibre 3.8.0 - Complete e-book library...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital librarian... Read more
BetterTouchTool 2.305 - Customize multi-...
BetterTouchTool adds many new, fully customizable gestures to the Magic Mouse, Multi-Touch MacBook trackpad, and Magic Trackpad. These gestures are customizable: Magic Mouse: Pinch in / out (zoom... Read more
calibre 3.8.0 - Complete e-book library...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital librarian... Read more
Carbon Copy Cloner 5.0.2 - Easy-to-use b...
Carbon Copy Cloner backups are better than ordinary backups. Suppose the unthinkable happens while you're under deadline to finish a project: your Mac is unresponsive and all you hear is an ominous,... Read more
Evernote 6.12.3 - Create searchable note...
Evernote allows you to easily capture information in any environment using whatever device or platform you find most convenient, and makes this information accessible and searchable at anytime, from... Read more

The best new games we played this week -...
It's pretty much been one big release after another. We were privy to a bunch of surprises this week, with a lot of games we'd been waiting for quite some time dropping unexpectedly. We hope you're free this weekend, because there is a lot for... | Read more »
Stormbound: Kingdom Wars guide - how to...
Stormbound: Kingdom Wars is an excellent new RTS turned card battler out now on iOS and Android. Lovers of strategy will get a lot of enjoyment out of Stormbound's chess-like mechanics, and it's cardbased units are perfect for anyone who loves the... | Read more »
The best AR apps and games on iOS right...
iOS 11 has officially launched, and with it comes Apple's ARKit, a helpful framework that makes it easier than ever for developers to create mobile AR experiences. To celebrate the occassion, we're featuring some of the best AR apps and games on... | Read more »
Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney - Spirit of...
Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney - Spirit of Justice 1.00.00 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.00.00 (iTunes) Description: ************************************************※IMPORTANT※・Please read the “When... | Read more »
Kpressor (Utilities)
Kpressor 1.0.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Utilities Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: The ultimate ZIP compression application for iPhone and iPad. - Full integration of iOS 11 with support for multitasking.-... | Read more »
Find out how you can save £35 and win a...
Nothing raises excitement like a good competition, and we’re thrilled to announce our latest contest. We’ll be sending one lucky reader and a friend to the Summoners War World Arena Championship at Le Comedia in Paris on October 7th. It’s the... | Read more »
Another Lost Phone: Laura's Story...
Another Lost Phone: Laura's Story 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Another Lost Phone is a game about exploring the social life of a young woman whose phone you have just... | Read more »
The Witness (Games)
The Witness 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $9.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: You wake up, alone, on a strange island full of puzzles that will challenge and surprise you. You don't remember who you are, and... | Read more »
Egg, Inc. guide - how to build your gold...
Egg, Inc.'s been around for some time now, but don't you believe for one second that this quirky clicker game has gone out of style. The game keeps popping up on Reddit and other community forums thanks to the outlandish gameplay (plus, the... | Read more »
The best deals on the App Store this wee...
Good news, everyone! Your favorite day of the week has arrived at last -- it's discount roundup day! This fine Wednesday evening we're gathering up the hottest deals on the App Store. We've got action platformers, we've got puzzle games, we've got... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple Offering Up To $455 Credit Toward iPhon...
iPhone 8 and 8 Plus are now available at the Apple Store, and you can receive up to $375 credit toward a new iPhone purchase when you trade in your eligible smartphone. Photo Courtesy Apple Just... Read more
AnyTrans Offers iOS Users Three Ways For Movi...
iMobie Inc. today announceed AnyTrans v6.0.1, which now can help iOS users move all data to iPhone 8/8 Plus seamlessly. The software is available both on Mac and Windows and fully able to move all... Read more
Snag a 13-inch 2.3GHz MacBook Pro for $100 of...
B&H Photo has 2017 13″ 2.3GHz MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for $100 off MSRP, each including free shipping plus NY & NJ sales tax only: – 13-inch 2.3GHz/128GB Space Gray MacBook... Read more
Verizon offers new iPhone 8 for $100-$300 off...
Verizon is offering the new iPhone 8 for up to $300 off MSRP with an eligible trade-in: • $300 off: iPhone 6S/6S Plus/7/7 Plus, Google Pixel XL, LG G6, Moto Z2 Force, Samsung Galaxy S7/S7 edge/S8/S8... Read more
Apple Refurbished 2017 13-inch MacBook Pros a...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2017 13″ Touch Bar MacBook Pros in stock today and available for $200-$300 off MSRP. A standard Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is... Read more
OWC USB-C Travel Dock with 5 Ports Connectivi...
OWC have announced the new OWC USB-C Travel Dock, the latest addition to their line of connectivity solutions. The USB-C Travel Dock lets you connect its integrated USB-C cable to a Mac or PC laptop... Read more
Pelican Products, Inc. Unveils Cases For All...
Pelican Products, Inc. has announced the launch of its full line of cases including Voyager, Adventurer, Protector, Ambassador, Interceptor (for the Apple iPhone 8 and 8 Plus backwards compatible... Read more
$100 off new 2017 13-inch MacBook Airs
B&H Photo has 2017 13″ MacBook Airs on sale today for $100 off MSRP including free shipping. B&H charges NY & NJ sales tax only: – 13″ 1.8GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MQD32LL/A): $899, $100 off... Read more
Apple restocks Certified Refurbished 13-inch...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2015 13″ MacBook Airs available starting at $719 and 2016 models available starting at $809. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is... Read more
Is iPhone X Really The Future Of The Smartpho...
Should iPhone X even be called a telephone? It does of course support telephony and texting, but its main feature set is oriented to other things. It is also debatable whether it makes any rational... Read more

Jobs Board

Development Operations and Site Reliability E...
Development Operations and Site Reliability Engineer, Apple Payment Gateway Job Number: 57572631 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: Jul. 27, 2017 Read more
Specialist - Retail Customer Services and Sal...
The position listed below is not with Tennessee Interviews but with Apple , Inc. Tennessee Interviews is a private organization that works in collaboration with Read more
Specialist - Retail Customer Services and Sal...
The position listed below is not with South Carolina Interviews but with Apple , Inc. South Carolina Interviews is a private organization that works in collaboration Read more
Behavior Technician with *Apple* Consulting...
The position listed below is not with Washington Interviews but with APPLE CONSULTING Washington Interviews is a private organization that works in collaboration Read more
Infection Control RN with *Apple* Rehab - A...
The position listed below is not with Georgia Interviews but with Apple Rehab Georgia Interviews is a private organization that works in collaboration with Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.