TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Serius89, HyperBASIC
Volume Number:6
Issue Number:2
Column Tag:Kelly's Corner

Serius89 and HyperBASIC

By Dave Kelly, MacTutor Editorial Board

Serius 89

Object Oriented Programming (OOP) has become a household phrase recently. Out of all of the OOP-la about OOP a wave of new OOP products have emerged. One of these is Serius89™ Developer which I have had the opportunity to examine. Serius Corporation of Salt Lake City, Utah is committed to developing Serius89 into a serious OOP development environment. It is their goal to fill needs of all Macintosh users, from developers to end users, to create their own applications.

Serius89 is a radically different approach to computer programming. It is based upon a set of Object Oriented routines written in C which Serius calls Object Interaction Protocol (OIP). OIP uses these self supporting routines called objects to present the user with a new way to put together a Macintosh application. You could think of Serius89 as a programmer’s erector set. You can create applications by connecting objects together much like tiles are connected together in a Double Helix data base. If you like Helix you’ll like this icon based approach to programming.

You as a Macintosh developer may develop OIP components which end users can assemble together in Serius89. There are some advantages to this approach it can eliminate costly code duplication, allowing a developer to utilize existing sets of routines. Once the routines have been written, you never need to rewrite the routine again.

The developer creates routines called methods that manage the low-level operation of data entities called objects. These methods are executed in response to events, which are generally posted by developers’ routines and managed privately by OIP. The Serius89 programmer never has to deal with the low-level operations once the developer has created the OIP routines. Here’s the catch the routines need to be pre-written before the programmer can put together the application.

Serius89 does not generate source code, but it does generate stand-alone, fully operational applications. The methods and functions are compiled together by the developer using any common Macintosh development system, then integrated into Serius89 to be used graphically to construct applications. The developer doesn’t need to know or understand conventional OOP to create the methods or functions.since most of the object orientation is handled automatically by the nature and structure of OIP. There are a number of MPW utility routines available in Pascal to handle the necessary tasks. (C or assembly developers may need to modify the interface declarations).

Serius89 includes several objects and functions which are ready to use to create applications. The big drawback is that the existing routines do not yet fully support the entire Macintosh toolbox. As long as your application is restricted to the objects that exist, you won’t have to write any new ones. I found that every application I wrote could not be implemented exactly as I desired because of missing functions. This isn’t all bad though, especially if you write your own objects and functions. These objects need only be written once and may then be used as many times as needed in your application. Serius is encouraging developers to create new functions and updates are provided periodically as new functions are made available.

Serius is a clearinghouse for all Serius89 objects and functions. Object Interaction Protocol, as with any development system, has basic guidelines that are established to maintain future compatibility. Each component has a unique ID number which should be registered with Serius to avoid ID conflicts in the future. As new components are created, some may require license agreements especially if written by third party developers. Objects which are provided with Serius89 include:

• Application: allows your program to launch other applications

• Button: specify any kind of button

• CD Audio: play audio CDs from your application

• Database: a powerful database engine

• Date: retrieves the current date

• File: allows your application to save objects to disk

• Menu: provides menus for your application

• Menu bar: creates a menu bar

• Menu item: defines menu items

• Number: this object stores a number (includes math functions)

• Picture: load and display PICT images

• Printer: allows access to standard Macintosh printers.

• Sound: load and play sound (snd) resources.

• Text: this object stores text

• Time: retrieves the current time

• Window: defines windows (zoomable document, document, fixed size document, dialog box, plain, plain with shadow, or rounded).

• Workstation: access AppleTalk networks and communicate with other Macintosh computers that are running Serius89 applications.

The version of Serius89 that I have reviewed is version 1.1. As I write this I am aware that version 1.2 has been completed (not yet reviewed) which allows all components to run under Multifinder, signals for windows to respond to Multifinder “switching”, workstation object now supports logging on with dynamic workstation names, improvements to keyboard, list, text, number, date and time objects, and several bug fixes. Alignment grids for positioning items as well as a layering system for functions on the workbench are also a part of version 1.2 . There are several other enhancements that are of importance including a faster database object. Version 1.3 was scheduled for release December 30 (prior to writing this column). Improvements are frequent and Serius is set up with a toll free technical support line to assist you. Even with all of this, there are a few areas that need to be improved which I should mention:

• There is no way to import resources from other sources with the exception of the Picture Object which will import PICT resources. This is a heavy stumbling block especially if you have special resources to include or want to use a favorite resource from another application. However, an icon editor is built in for creating icons for your application (no cut and paste available).

• The facility for positioning buttons, text, numbers etc is very crude. There are no tools and no grid lines. You can only drag objects and resize them in the window. I was assured that this was improved in the latest version which I have not yet seen.

I am sure that in time there will be significant improvements to Serius89. Updates have been coming out to registered users at the rate of about one every 4-6 weeks. If you can’t wait, and you can program, you could add your own objects. Serius89 is still in its infancy and will be quite powerful as soon as objects have been created which implement every aspect of the Macintosh toolbox. Until then, Serius89 is a powerful tool which can be expanded to meet any developer’s needs.

Serius Corporation

1981 East 4800 South

Salt Lake City, Utah 84117

801 272-7788 General Offices

800 876-6847 Technical Support

801 277-2440 FAX

BASIC WARS TAKES A RIGHT TURN

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Along the way, HyperCard has both been praised and jeered. Yes, it has opened up a whole new world to some people who never dreamed they could program anything on a computer. Yet serious programmers have complained about its speed and others have wished it had more capabilities. Those with the C and Pascal compilers have been able to exclusively rule the world of XCMDs and XFCNs. Not any longer! Basic has taken a right hand turn and parked itself in the backyard of XCMD and XFCN.

Presenting HyperBASIC™ by Teknosys, Inc.

Creation of XCMDs and XFCNs is now easier than ever. The HyperBASIC application is a combination editor (multiple windows), compiler, linker and resource mover. Compiling a program is easy, just select the destination stack and select “Compile”. HyperBASIC does a quick syntax check then compiles, links, and moves the new XCMD or XFCN into the stack. If the syntax check finds an error, HyperBASIC gives suggestions of what needs to be changed. It doesn’t tell you exactly what the error is but it does flag the line the error occurred on except in a few cases when problems exist in a subroutine and the cursor is placed at the beginning of the XCMD or at the beginning of the subroutine. Suggestions of what went wrong are listed in a menu and when that item is selected, the item in the menu is pasted at the insertion point. Some improvement could be made in this area, but at least you don’t have to compile and run the routine before finding out that the problem is a simple typo.

In addition to being quick and easy to program, HyperBASIC is fast. When I ran the historic Sieve of Erastothenes,. HyperBASIC generated the 10 iterations of 1900 primes in 7.48 seconds on a Macintosh Plus, very close to the same speed as ZBasic. You can’t really compare HyperBasic and ZBasic though because they both serve different purposes. The “Accuracy” benchmark gives good results with an answer of x=503.43802 (correct answer) and s=1.23 in 2.12 seconds. (The benchmarks are shown below for the benefit of those that don’t have “The Complete MacTutor, Volume 2”, pg 379).

‘ 1

xCMD SieveofErastothenes
DEFINT a-s
DEFDBL t
DIM Flags(8191)
time1=_TickCount
’10 Iterations
FOR m=1 TO 10
Count=0
FOR i=1 to 8191
Flags(i)=1
NEXT i
FOR i=1 to 8191
IF Flags(i)=0 THEN GOTO 170
Prime=i+i+3
k=i+Prime
120 IF k<= 8190 THEN 
          Flags(k)=0
          k=k+Prime
          GOTO 120
END IF
Count=Count+1
170 NEXT i
NEXT m
time2=_TickCount
Totaltime=(time2-time1)/60
Totaltime$=str$(Totaltime)
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,8,Totaltime$
END

xCMD accuracy
‘ Accuracy Benchmark
‘ developed by R. Broucke
‘ at University of Texas, Austin
DEFDBL a-z
time1=_TickCount
s=0
x=0
FOR n=1 TO 1000
    s=s+x*x
    x=x+.00123
NEXT n
time2=_Tickcount
Totaltime=(time2-time1)/60
s$=str$(s)
x$=str$(x)
Totaltime$=str$(Totaltime)
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,1,s$
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,2,x$
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,3,Totaltime$
end

HyperBASIC is a rich basic language which includes all the latest syntax such as CASE and multiple line IF-THEN-ELSE. With only minor modifications, programs written for MS QuickBASIC or ZBasic may be converted for use in HyperBASIC. Several new commands have been added to enhance the HyperCard XCMD/XFCN environment. A set of callback statements will allow you to:

• Get the contents of a card of background field by Name, ID, or Number.

• Set the contents of a card of background field by Name, ID, or Number. (a sample of this command is shown in the example above which sets the contents of specific field to the results of the benchmark).

• Get the contents of a global variable.

• Set the contents of a global variable.

• Evaluate expressions such as “the short name of this card”.

• Send a Message to a card such as “show card button 3”

• Send a Message to HyperCard such as “domenu new card”.

There are 376 built-in calls to the Macintosh toolbox which are listed in the HyperBASIC manual. Although the list is not expandable, it appears to be complete. Teknosys plans to add more toolbox calls in the next version (1.1) which will be released late in the first quarter of 1990. Version 1.1 will be free of charge to registered users (except for shipping and handling). Also included in version 1.1 will be support for strings greater than 32K in length (in case you want to use something besides HyperCard). More direct support for SuperCard and other products that can use XCMDs and XFCNs. MicroPhone from Software Ventures is already supported although you need to use ResEdit (or equivalent) to more the resources into MicroPhone.

For debugging purposes, subprogram names may be used to create a MacsBug symbol table. You can use the toolbox statement “_Debugger” to halt execution of the program at a critical point and call Macsbug to step through the processor instructions to find the problem. If you’re experienced with assembly language you may generate assembler output instead of the XCMD or XFCN to examine the code.

There are more than 30 example programs to get you started and get some great ideas for other XCMDs and XFCNs. Soon, Teknosys will be putting together a Tips and Techniques newsletter to provide help and examples of how to change Inside Macintosh calls for use in HyperBASIC. Currently, you must be familiar enough with the syntax used in IM to know what to change to use toolbox calls in HyperBASIC.

I highly recommend HyperBASIC as a “quick and easy” way to extend and speed up HyperCard. System Requirements: 1M RAM, System 6.0.2 (or later), HyperCard 1.2.1 (or later). A hard drive is recommended.

Teknosys, Inc.

3923 Coconut Palm Drive, Suite 111

Tampa, Florida 33619

813-620-3494

AppleLink: D3375

CompuServe: 73237,2370

MacNET: TEKNOSYS

Price: $99

No Copy Protection!

 
AAPL
$111.78
Apple Inc.
-0.87
MSFT
$47.66
Microsoft Corpora
+0.14
GOOG
$516.35
Google Inc.
+5.25

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

LibreOffice 4.3.5.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
CleanApp 5.0.0 Beta 5 - Application dein...
CleanApp is an application deinstaller and archiver.... Your hard drive gets fuller day by day, but do you know why? CleanApp 5 provides you with insights how to reclaim disk space. There are... Read more
Monolingual 1.6.2 - Remove unwanted OS X...
Monolingual is a program for removing unnecesary language resources from OS X, in order to reclaim several hundred megabytes of disk space. It requires a 64-bit capable Intel-based Mac and at least... Read more
NetShade 6.1 - Browse privately using an...
NetShade is an Internet security tool that conceals your IP address on the web. NetShade routes your Web connection through either a public anonymous proxy server, or one of NetShade's own dedicated... Read more
calibre 2.13 - Complete e-library manage...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital librarian... Read more
Mellel 3.3.7 - Powerful word processor w...
Mellel is the leading word processor for OS X and has been widely considered the industry standard since its inception. Mellel focuses on writers and scholars for technical writing and multilingual... Read more
ScreenFlow 5.0.1 - Create screen recordi...
Save 10% with the exclusive MacUpdate coupon code: AFMacUpdate10 Buy now! ScreenFlow is powerful, easy-to-use screencasting software for the Mac. With ScreenFlow you can record the contents of your... Read more
Simon 4.0 - Monitor changes and crashes...
Simon monitors websites and alerts you of crashes and changes. Select pages to monitor, choose your alert options, and customize your settings. Simon does the rest. Keep a watchful eye on your... Read more
BBEdit 11.0.2 - Powerful text and HTML e...
BBEdit is the leading professional HTML and text editor for the Mac. Specifically crafted in response to the needs of Web authors and software developers, this award-winning product provides a... Read more
ExpanDrive 4.2.1 - Access cloud storage...
ExpanDrive builds cloud storage in every application, acts just like a USB drive plugged into your Mac. With ExpanDrive, you can securely access any remote file server directly from the Finder or... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Make your own Tribez Figures (and More)...
Make your own Tribez Figures (and More) with Toyze Posted by Jessica Fisher on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
So Many Holiday iOS Sales Oh My Goodness...
The holiday season is in full-swing, which means a whole lot of iOS apps and games are going on sale. A bunch already have, in fact. Naturally this means we’re putting together a hand-picked list of the best discounts and sales we can find in order... | Read more »
It’s Bird vs. Bird in the New PvP Mode f...
It’s Bird vs. Bird in the New PvP Mode for Angry Birds Epic Posted by Jessica Fisher on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Telltale Games and Mojang Announce Minec...
Telltale Games and Mojang Announce Minecraft: Story Mode – A Telltale Games Series Posted by Jessica Fisher on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
WarChest and Splash Damage Annouce Their...
WarChest and Splash Damage Annouce Their New Game: Tempo Posted by Jessica Fisher on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] WarChest Ltd and Splash Damage Ltd are teaming up again to work | Read more »
BulkyPix Celebrates its 6th Anniversary...
BulkyPix Celebrates its 6th Anniversary with a Bunch of Free Games Posted by Jessica Fisher on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] BulkyPix has | Read more »
Indulge in Japanese cuisine in Cooking F...
Indulge in Japanese cuisine in Cooking Fever’s new sushi-themed update Posted by Simon Reed on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] Lithuanian developer Nordcurrent has yet again updated its restaurant simulat | Read more »
Badland Daydream Level Pack Arrives to C...
Badland Daydream Level Pack Arrives to Celebrate 20 Million Downloads Posted by Ellis Spice on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Far Cry 4, Assassin’s Creed Unity, Desti...
Far Cry 4, Assassin’s Creed Unity, Destiny, and Beyond – AppSpy Takes a Look at AAA Companion Apps Posted by Rob Rich on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] These day | Read more »
A Bunch of Halfbrick Games Are Going Fre...
A Bunch of Halfbrick Games Are Going Free for the Holidays Posted by Ellis Spice on December 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Kodak Returns to CES With New Consumer Produ...
Former photography colossus Kodak is returning to CES for the first time in three years where the Kodak booth (#21818 South Hall 1) will showcase a wide range of innovative, imaging-related products... Read more
Invaluable Launches New Eponymously -Named A...
Invaluable, the world’s largest online live auction marketplace, hhas announced the official launch of the Invaluable app for iPad, now available for download in the iTunes App Store. Invaluable... Read more
IDC Reveals Worldwide Mobile Enterprise Appli...
International Data Corporation (IDC) last week hosted the IDC FutureScape: Worldwide Mobile Enterprise Applications and Solutions 2015 Predictions Web conference. The session provided organizations... Read more
Hello Vino Wine App Launches “Safe Ride Home”...
Hello Vino has announced addition of a new “Get a Safe Ride Home” feature in its Food & Drink app with a direct connection to Uber, the technology platform that connects users with rides. The... Read more
DEVON-technologies Releases DEVONthink To Go...
Coeur d’Alene, Idaho based DEVON-technologies, LLC has updated DEVONthink To Go, its mobile companion to DEVONthink, to version 1.5. The update includes an iOS 8 extension, compatibility with the... Read more
The Apple Store offering free next-day shippi...
The Apple Store is now offering free next-day shipping on all in stock items if ordered before 12/23/14 at 10:00am PT. Local store pickup is also available within an hour of ordering for any in stock... Read more
It’s 1992 Again At Sony Pictures, Except For...
Techcrunch’s John Biggs interviewed a Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE) employee, who quite understandably wished to remain anonymous, regarding post-hack conditions in SPE’s L.A office, explaining “... Read more
Holiday sales this weekend: MacBook Pros for...
 B&H Photo has new MacBook Pros on sale for up to $300 off MSRP as part of their Holiday pricing. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro: $1699... Read more
Holiday sales this weekend: MacBook Airs for...
B&H Photo has 2014 MacBook Airs on sale for up to $120 off MSRP, for a limited time, for the Thanksgiving/Christmas Holiday shopping season. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax... Read more
Holiday sales this weekend: iMacs for up to $...
B&H Photo has 21″ and 27″ iMacs on sale for up to $200 off MSRP including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. B&H will also include a free copy of Parallels Desktop software: - 21″ 1.4GHz... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Store Leader Program (US) - Apple, I...
…Summary Learn and grow as you explore the art of leadership at the Apple Store. You'll master our retail business inside and out through training, hands-on experience, Read more
Project Manager, *Apple* Financial Services...
**Job Summary** Apple Financial Services (AFS) offers consumers, businesses and educational institutions ways to finance Apple purchases. We work with national and Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.