TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Serius89, HyperBASIC
Volume Number:6
Issue Number:2
Column Tag:Kelly's Corner

Serius89 and HyperBASIC

By Dave Kelly, MacTutor Editorial Board

Serius 89

Object Oriented Programming (OOP) has become a household phrase recently. Out of all of the OOP-la about OOP a wave of new OOP products have emerged. One of these is Serius89™ Developer which I have had the opportunity to examine. Serius Corporation of Salt Lake City, Utah is committed to developing Serius89 into a serious OOP development environment. It is their goal to fill needs of all Macintosh users, from developers to end users, to create their own applications.

Serius89 is a radically different approach to computer programming. It is based upon a set of Object Oriented routines written in C which Serius calls Object Interaction Protocol (OIP). OIP uses these self supporting routines called objects to present the user with a new way to put together a Macintosh application. You could think of Serius89 as a programmer’s erector set. You can create applications by connecting objects together much like tiles are connected together in a Double Helix data base. If you like Helix you’ll like this icon based approach to programming.

You as a Macintosh developer may develop OIP components which end users can assemble together in Serius89. There are some advantages to this approach it can eliminate costly code duplication, allowing a developer to utilize existing sets of routines. Once the routines have been written, you never need to rewrite the routine again.

The developer creates routines called methods that manage the low-level operation of data entities called objects. These methods are executed in response to events, which are generally posted by developers’ routines and managed privately by OIP. The Serius89 programmer never has to deal with the low-level operations once the developer has created the OIP routines. Here’s the catch the routines need to be pre-written before the programmer can put together the application.

Serius89 does not generate source code, but it does generate stand-alone, fully operational applications. The methods and functions are compiled together by the developer using any common Macintosh development system, then integrated into Serius89 to be used graphically to construct applications. The developer doesn’t need to know or understand conventional OOP to create the methods or functions.since most of the object orientation is handled automatically by the nature and structure of OIP. There are a number of MPW utility routines available in Pascal to handle the necessary tasks. (C or assembly developers may need to modify the interface declarations).

Serius89 includes several objects and functions which are ready to use to create applications. The big drawback is that the existing routines do not yet fully support the entire Macintosh toolbox. As long as your application is restricted to the objects that exist, you won’t have to write any new ones. I found that every application I wrote could not be implemented exactly as I desired because of missing functions. This isn’t all bad though, especially if you write your own objects and functions. These objects need only be written once and may then be used as many times as needed in your application. Serius is encouraging developers to create new functions and updates are provided periodically as new functions are made available.

Serius is a clearinghouse for all Serius89 objects and functions. Object Interaction Protocol, as with any development system, has basic guidelines that are established to maintain future compatibility. Each component has a unique ID number which should be registered with Serius to avoid ID conflicts in the future. As new components are created, some may require license agreements especially if written by third party developers. Objects which are provided with Serius89 include:

• Application: allows your program to launch other applications

• Button: specify any kind of button

• CD Audio: play audio CDs from your application

• Database: a powerful database engine

• Date: retrieves the current date

• File: allows your application to save objects to disk

• Menu: provides menus for your application

• Menu bar: creates a menu bar

• Menu item: defines menu items

• Number: this object stores a number (includes math functions)

• Picture: load and display PICT images

• Printer: allows access to standard Macintosh printers.

• Sound: load and play sound (snd) resources.

• Text: this object stores text

• Time: retrieves the current time

• Window: defines windows (zoomable document, document, fixed size document, dialog box, plain, plain with shadow, or rounded).

• Workstation: access AppleTalk networks and communicate with other Macintosh computers that are running Serius89 applications.

The version of Serius89 that I have reviewed is version 1.1. As I write this I am aware that version 1.2 has been completed (not yet reviewed) which allows all components to run under Multifinder, signals for windows to respond to Multifinder “switching”, workstation object now supports logging on with dynamic workstation names, improvements to keyboard, list, text, number, date and time objects, and several bug fixes. Alignment grids for positioning items as well as a layering system for functions on the workbench are also a part of version 1.2 . There are several other enhancements that are of importance including a faster database object. Version 1.3 was scheduled for release December 30 (prior to writing this column). Improvements are frequent and Serius is set up with a toll free technical support line to assist you. Even with all of this, there are a few areas that need to be improved which I should mention:

• There is no way to import resources from other sources with the exception of the Picture Object which will import PICT resources. This is a heavy stumbling block especially if you have special resources to include or want to use a favorite resource from another application. However, an icon editor is built in for creating icons for your application (no cut and paste available).

• The facility for positioning buttons, text, numbers etc is very crude. There are no tools and no grid lines. You can only drag objects and resize them in the window. I was assured that this was improved in the latest version which I have not yet seen.

I am sure that in time there will be significant improvements to Serius89. Updates have been coming out to registered users at the rate of about one every 4-6 weeks. If you can’t wait, and you can program, you could add your own objects. Serius89 is still in its infancy and will be quite powerful as soon as objects have been created which implement every aspect of the Macintosh toolbox. Until then, Serius89 is a powerful tool which can be expanded to meet any developer’s needs.

Serius Corporation

1981 East 4800 South

Salt Lake City, Utah 84117

801 272-7788 General Offices

800 876-6847 Technical Support

801 277-2440 FAX

BASIC WARS TAKES A RIGHT TURN

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Along the way, HyperCard has both been praised and jeered. Yes, it has opened up a whole new world to some people who never dreamed they could program anything on a computer. Yet serious programmers have complained about its speed and others have wished it had more capabilities. Those with the C and Pascal compilers have been able to exclusively rule the world of XCMDs and XFCNs. Not any longer! Basic has taken a right hand turn and parked itself in the backyard of XCMD and XFCN.

Presenting HyperBASIC™ by Teknosys, Inc.

Creation of XCMDs and XFCNs is now easier than ever. The HyperBASIC application is a combination editor (multiple windows), compiler, linker and resource mover. Compiling a program is easy, just select the destination stack and select “Compile”. HyperBASIC does a quick syntax check then compiles, links, and moves the new XCMD or XFCN into the stack. If the syntax check finds an error, HyperBASIC gives suggestions of what needs to be changed. It doesn’t tell you exactly what the error is but it does flag the line the error occurred on except in a few cases when problems exist in a subroutine and the cursor is placed at the beginning of the XCMD or at the beginning of the subroutine. Suggestions of what went wrong are listed in a menu and when that item is selected, the item in the menu is pasted at the insertion point. Some improvement could be made in this area, but at least you don’t have to compile and run the routine before finding out that the problem is a simple typo.

In addition to being quick and easy to program, HyperBASIC is fast. When I ran the historic Sieve of Erastothenes,. HyperBASIC generated the 10 iterations of 1900 primes in 7.48 seconds on a Macintosh Plus, very close to the same speed as ZBasic. You can’t really compare HyperBasic and ZBasic though because they both serve different purposes. The “Accuracy” benchmark gives good results with an answer of x=503.43802 (correct answer) and s=1.23 in 2.12 seconds. (The benchmarks are shown below for the benefit of those that don’t have “The Complete MacTutor, Volume 2”, pg 379).

‘ 1

xCMD SieveofErastothenes
DEFINT a-s
DEFDBL t
DIM Flags(8191)
time1=_TickCount
’10 Iterations
FOR m=1 TO 10
Count=0
FOR i=1 to 8191
Flags(i)=1
NEXT i
FOR i=1 to 8191
IF Flags(i)=0 THEN GOTO 170
Prime=i+i+3
k=i+Prime
120 IF k<= 8190 THEN 
          Flags(k)=0
          k=k+Prime
          GOTO 120
END IF
Count=Count+1
170 NEXT i
NEXT m
time2=_TickCount
Totaltime=(time2-time1)/60
Totaltime$=str$(Totaltime)
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,8,Totaltime$
END

xCMD accuracy
‘ Accuracy Benchmark
‘ developed by R. Broucke
‘ at University of Texas, Austin
DEFDBL a-z
time1=_TickCount
s=0
x=0
FOR n=1 TO 1000
    s=s+x*x
    x=x+.00123
NEXT n
time2=_Tickcount
Totaltime=(time2-time1)/60
s$=str$(s)
x$=str$(x)
Totaltime$=str$(Totaltime)
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,1,s$
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,2,x$
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,3,Totaltime$
end

HyperBASIC is a rich basic language which includes all the latest syntax such as CASE and multiple line IF-THEN-ELSE. With only minor modifications, programs written for MS QuickBASIC or ZBasic may be converted for use in HyperBASIC. Several new commands have been added to enhance the HyperCard XCMD/XFCN environment. A set of callback statements will allow you to:

• Get the contents of a card of background field by Name, ID, or Number.

• Set the contents of a card of background field by Name, ID, or Number. (a sample of this command is shown in the example above which sets the contents of specific field to the results of the benchmark).

• Get the contents of a global variable.

• Set the contents of a global variable.

• Evaluate expressions such as “the short name of this card”.

• Send a Message to a card such as “show card button 3”

• Send a Message to HyperCard such as “domenu new card”.

There are 376 built-in calls to the Macintosh toolbox which are listed in the HyperBASIC manual. Although the list is not expandable, it appears to be complete. Teknosys plans to add more toolbox calls in the next version (1.1) which will be released late in the first quarter of 1990. Version 1.1 will be free of charge to registered users (except for shipping and handling). Also included in version 1.1 will be support for strings greater than 32K in length (in case you want to use something besides HyperCard). More direct support for SuperCard and other products that can use XCMDs and XFCNs. MicroPhone from Software Ventures is already supported although you need to use ResEdit (or equivalent) to more the resources into MicroPhone.

For debugging purposes, subprogram names may be used to create a MacsBug symbol table. You can use the toolbox statement “_Debugger” to halt execution of the program at a critical point and call Macsbug to step through the processor instructions to find the problem. If you’re experienced with assembly language you may generate assembler output instead of the XCMD or XFCN to examine the code.

There are more than 30 example programs to get you started and get some great ideas for other XCMDs and XFCNs. Soon, Teknosys will be putting together a Tips and Techniques newsletter to provide help and examples of how to change Inside Macintosh calls for use in HyperBASIC. Currently, you must be familiar enough with the syntax used in IM to know what to change to use toolbox calls in HyperBASIC.

I highly recommend HyperBASIC as a “quick and easy” way to extend and speed up HyperCard. System Requirements: 1M RAM, System 6.0.2 (or later), HyperCard 1.2.1 (or later). A hard drive is recommended.

Teknosys, Inc.

3923 Coconut Palm Drive, Suite 111

Tampa, Florida 33619

813-620-3494

AppleLink: D3375

CompuServe: 73237,2370

MacNET: TEKNOSYS

Price: $99

No Copy Protection!

 
AAPL
$116.47
Apple Inc.
+0.16
MSFT
$47.98
Microsoft Corpora
-0.72
GOOG
$537.50
Google Inc.
+2.67

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Cobook 3.0.7 - Intelligent address book....
Cobook Contacts is an intuitive, engaging address book. Solve the problem of contact management with Cobook Contacts and its simple interface and powerful syncing and integration possibilities.... Read more
StatsBar 1.9 - Monitor system processes...
StatsBar gives you a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the following areas of your Mac: CPU usage Memory usage Disk usage Network and bandwidth usage Battery power and health (MacBooks only)... Read more
Cyberduck 4.6 - FTP and SFTP browser. (F...
Cyberduck is a robust FTP/FTP-TLS/SFTP browser for the Mac whose lack of visual clutter and cleverly intuitive features make it easy to use. Support for external editors and system technologies such... Read more
Maya 2015 - Professional 3D modeling and...
Maya is an award-winning software and powerful, integrated 3D modeling, animation, visual effects, and rendering solution. Because Maya is based on an open architecture, all your work can be scripted... Read more
Evernote 6.0.1 - Create searchable notes...
Evernote allows you to easily capture information in any environment using whatever device or platform you find most convenient, and makes this information accessible and searchable at anytime, from... Read more
calibre 2.11 - Complete e-library manage...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital... Read more
Herald 5.0.1 - Notification plugin for M...
Note: Versions 2.1.3 (for OS X 10.7), 3.0.6 (for OS X 10.8), and 4.0.8 (for OS X 10.9) are no longer supported by the developer. Herald is a notification plugin for Mail.app, Apple's Mac OS X email... Read more
Firetask 3.7 - Innovative task managemen...
Firetask uniquely combines the advantages of classical priority-and-due-date-based task management with GTD. Stay focused and on top of your commitments - Firetask's "Today" view shows all relevant... Read more
TechTool Pro 7.0.6 - Hard drive and syst...
TechTool Pro is now 7, and this is the most advanced version of the acclaimed Macintosh troubleshooting utility created in its 20-year history. Micromat has redeveloped TechTool Pro 7 to be fully 64... Read more
PhotoDesk 3.0.1 - Instagram client for p...
PhotoDesk lets you view, like, comment, and download Instagram pictures/videos! (NO Uploads! / Image Posting! Instagram forbids that! AND you *need* an *existing* Instagram account). But you can do... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Ubisoft Gives Everyone Two New Ways to E...
Ubisoft Gives Everyone Two New Ways to Earn In-Game Stuff for Far Cry 4 Posted by Jessica Fisher on November 21st, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Golfinity – Tips, Tricks, Strategies, an...
Dig this: Would you like to know what we thought of being an infinite golfer? Check out our Golfinity review! Golfinity offers unlimited ways to test your skills at golf. Here are a few ways to make sure your score doesn’t get too high and your... | Read more »
Dark Hearts, The Sequel to Haunting Meli...
Dark Hearts, The Sequel to Haunting Melissa, is Available Now Posted by Jessica Fisher on November 21st, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Meowza! Toyze Brings Talking Tom to Life...
Meowza! | Read more »
Square Enix Announces New Tactical RPG f...
Square Enix Announces New Tactical RPG for Mobile, Heavenstrike Rivals. Posted by Jessica Fisher on November 21st, 2014 [ permalink ] With their epic stories and gorgeous graphics, | Read more »
Quest for Revenge (Games)
Quest for Revenge 1.0.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: The great Kingdom of the west has fallen. The gods ignore the prayers of the desperate. A dark warlord has extinguished... | Read more »
Threadz is a New Writing Adventure for Y...
Threadz is a New Writing Adventure for You and Your Friends Posted by Jessica Fisher on November 21st, 2014 [ permalink ] In the tradition of round-robin storytelling, | Read more »
SteelSeries Stratus XL Hardware Review
Made by: SteelSeries Price: $59.99 Hardware/iOS Integration Rating: 4 out of 5 stars Usability Rating: 4.5 out of 5 stars Reuse Value Rating: 4.25 out of 5 stars Build Quality Rating: 4.5 out of 5 stars Overall Rating: 4.31 out of 5 stars | Read more »
ACDSee (Photography)
ACDSee 1.0.0 Device: iOS iPhone Category: Photography Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: Capture, perfect, and share your photos with ACDSee. The ACDSee iPhone app combines an innovative camera, a powerful photo... | Read more »
ProTube for YouTube (Entertainment)
ProTube for YouTube 2.0.2 Device: iOS Universal Category: Entertainment Price: $1.99, Version: 2.0.2 (iTunes) Description: ProTube is the ultimate, fully featured YouTube app. With it's highly polished design, ProTube offers ad-free... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Save up to $400 with Apple refurbished 2014 1...
The Apple Store has restocked Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros for up to $400 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping... Read more
New 13-inch 1.4GHz MacBook Air on sale for $8...
 Adorama has the 2014 13″ 1.4GHz/128GB MacBook Air on sale for $899.99 including free shipping plus NY & NJ tax only. Their price is $100 off MSRP. B&H Photo has the 13″ 1.4GHz/128GB MacBook... Read more
Apple Expected to Reverse Nine-Month Tablet S...
Apple and Samsung combined accounted for 62 percent of the nearly 36 million branded tablets shipped in 3Q 2014, according to early vendor shipment share estimates from market intelligence firm ABI... Read more
Stratos: 30 Percent of US Smartphone Owners t...
Stratos, Inc., creator of the Bluetooth Connected Card Platform, has announced results from its 2014 Holiday Mobile Payments Survey. The consumer survey found that nearly one out of three (30 percent... Read more
2014 1.4GHz Mac mini on sale for $449, save $...
 B&H Photo has lowered their price on the new 1.4GHz Mac mini to $449.99 including free shipping plus NY tax only. Their price is $50 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this new... Read more
Check Apple prices on any device with the iTr...
MacPrices is proud to offer readers a free iOS app (iPhones, iPads, & iPod touch) and Android app (Google Play and Amazon App Store) called iTracx, which allows you to glance at today’s lowest... Read more
64GB iPod touch on sale for $249, save $50
Best Buy has the 64GB iPod touch on sale for $249 on their online store for a limited time. Their price is $50 off MSRP. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Sale price for... Read more
15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for $17...
 B&H Photo has the 2014 15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for $1799.99 for a limited time. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. B&H will also include free copies of... Read more
New Logitech AnyAngle Case/Stand Brings Flexi...
Logitec has announced the newest addition to its suite of tablet products — the Logitech AnyAngle. A protective case with an any-angle stand for iPad Air 2 and all iPad mini models, AnyAngle is the... Read more
Notebook PC Shipments Rise Year-Over-Year as...
According to preliminary results from the upcoming DisplaySearch Quarterly Mobile PC Shipment and Forecast Report, the global notebook PC market grew 10 percent year-over-year in Q3’14 to 49.4... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC)- Retail S...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Project Manager, *Apple* Financial Services...
**Job Summary** Apple Financial Services (AFS) offers consumers, businesses and educational institutions ways to finance Apple purchases. We work with national and Read more
*Apple* Store Leader Program - College Gradu...
Job Description: Job Summary As an Apple Store Leader Program agent, you can continue your education as you major in the art of leadership at the Apple Store. You'll Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.