TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Catalog XCMD
Volume Number:5
Issue Number:11
Column Tag:HyperChat™

Related Info: File Manager (PBxxx)

XCMD Corner: Catalog XCMD

By Donald Koscheka, Arthur Young & Co., MacTutor Contributing Editor

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Bullet Proofing

Recently, Joe Palooka wrote to complain about a bug in the GetFileName XCMD that appeared in this column a few months back. Apparently, the xcmd bombed if you passed it more than four file types. But this letter raises a more important issue: how much bulletproofing should I do to my code examples?

Before you jump to the obvious conclusion, allow me to make my case. Bulletproofing my code examples carries three liabilities for this column, size and clarity and time. The former is obvious. This magazine can carry only a certain number of pages per issue. Exceeding that page limit on a regular basis will result in my column getting bumped or serialized. I would like to avoid either case.

Clarity is not so obvious and, in fact, is a function of size. The larger a program is, the more unreadable it becomes. Bulletproofing code tends to be fairly routine, and one can almost apply a formula to XCMDs for bulletproofing: (1) Are the input parameters defined? (2) if so, are they properly conditioned (e.g. correct number of data).

The final liability is time. My years of experience have taught me that a large amount of a programming project’s time is spent anticipating exceptions. Working under a monthly deadline, it is often necessary to eliminate this step. I don’t see any contradiction here. If you intend to use my code in your own product, then it’s incumbent on you test its effectiveness. Bulletproofing my examples will only make your job harder and even then, I have no way of anticipating your exceptions (i.e. what happens to subroutine x if I make this small change to its parameters?)

This code tends to take the form:

if( paramPtr->params[i] && **(paramPtr->params[i]) )...

Testing the input parameters is something else entirely and can easily exceed the size of the “functional code”.

This is not to belittle the need for bulletproof code. Far from it. If you intend to use the code in this column, you should use it as a starting point. In general, if you intend to use somebody else’s code, you should seek answers to these questions: what does the code do? what doesn’t the code do?

At any rate, I will leave this issue on your hands. Write to the editor and let him know your feelings.

Catalog

One good XCMD deserves another. Recently, Joe Zuffoletto called me to ask whether I had any intentions of writing an XCMD that returns a catalog of a given directory. You may recall that Joe gave us the series on adding standard Mac windows to Hypercard. Such code cannot go unrewarded and so this month’s xcmd ...

Catalog accepts parameters in one of two forms. If you pass a pathname in the first parameter, it will return a catalog of all files in that directory. If the first parameter is empty, then Catalog will use the second parameter as directory reference number. This second parameter requires further explaining by way of the file manager.

When the user selects a file from the standard file dialog, the name as well as the volume reference number is passed back to the caller. Under HFS, the volume reference number masquerades as a working directory id. In reality, this reference number acts as either a volume reference number or a working directory id. How the file manager tells them apart is subtle but important:

Volume reference numbers are small negative integers such as -1, -2, -3... In fact, if you pass such a number to Catalog, you will get a listing of the root directory of the volume in question.

Working directory id’s are x. Working directories must not be confused with directory id’s. Each file has a unique id assigned to it called a directory id. This id is a long integer that uniquely identifies a file or folder. Working directory id’s by contrast are integers and are not unique for a given folder. Working directories are very much like file reference numbers. When a working directory is opened by the call, PBOpenWD, a reference number is returned in the vRefNum field.

Listing 1:

/********************************/
/* File: Catalog.c */
/* */
/* Given the reference number of*/
/* a working directory or volume*/
/* return a list of all files & */
/* folders in that directory*/
/* */
/* if a name is given, use it,*/
/* otherwise, use the id passed  */
/********************************/

#include<MacTypes.h>
#include<OSUtil.h>
#include<MemoryMgr.h>
#include<FileMgr.h>
#include<ResourceMgr.h>
#include<pascal.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<hfs.h>
#include  “HyperXCmd.h”
#include“HyperUtils.h”

#define nil 0L

extern  GetCatalog();

pascal void main( paramPtr )
 XCmdBlockPtr  paramPtr;
{
 Handle catalog;
 Str31  str;
 short  dirID;

 /*** intialize the output container ***/
 catalog = NewHandle( 0L );
 
 /*** convert the wdid to a usable form            ***/
 if( paramPtr->params[1] ){
 HLock( paramPtr->params[1] );
 ZeroToPas( paramPtr, *(paramPtr->params[1]), &str );
 HUnlock( paramPtr->params[1] );
 dirID = (short)StrToNum( paramPtr, &str );

 /*** given the id of a directory, ***/
 /*** return a catalog for that directory ***/
 GetCatalog( dirID, catalog );
 }
 else if( paramPtr->params[0] ){ 
 char   path[256];
 CInfoPBRec catPB;
 WDPBRecwdPB;
 
 HLock( paramPtr->params[0] );
 ZeroToPas( paramPtr, *(paramPtr->params[0]), &path );
 HUnlock( paramPtr->params[0] );
 
 /*** get a directory id to this path***/          
 catPB.dirInfo.ioNamePtr  = (StringPtr)path;
 catPB.dirInfo.ioFDirIndex  = 0;
 catPB.dirInfo.ioVRefNum  = 0;
 if( PBGetCatInfo( &catPB, 0 ) == noErr )
   if( catPB.dirInfo.ioFlAttrib & 0x010 ){   /*** it’s a directory
 ***/
 wdPB.ioNamePtr  = (StringPtr)path; 
   wdPB.ioWDProcID = 0;
  
 if( PBOpenWD( &wdPB, 0 ) == noErr ){
 wdPB.ioWDVRefNum= catPB.dirInfo.ioVRefNum;
 wdPB.ioWDDirID  = catPB.dirInfo.ioDrDirID;
 GetCatalog( wdPB.ioVRefNum, catalog );
 PBCloseWD( &wdPB, 0 );
 }
   }
 }
 /*** append a null to the end of the***/
 /*** the directory for Hypercard  ***/
 AppendCharToHandle( catalog, ‘\0’ );
 
 paramPtr->returnValue = catalog;
}
Listing 2:

#include<MacTypes.h>
#include<OSUtil.h>
#include<MemoryMgr.h>
#include<FileMgr.h>
#include<ResourceMgr.h>
#include<pascal.h>
#include<hfs.h>
#include<string.h>
#include  “HyperXCmd.h”
#include“HyperUtils.h”

/*** If you read this column***/
/*** column on a regular basis***/
/*** you may want to add these***/
/*** routines to HyperUtils.c ***/
/*** If you don’t have Hyper- ***/
/*** utils.c, you can obtain it  ***/
/*** from MacTutor for a small***/
/*** handling charge ***/

#define SYNC0

AppendCharToHandle( theHand, theChar )
 Handle theHand;
 char theChar;
/****************************
* Given a valid handle, append
* the character passed in to 
* the end of the handle
* 
* This is a useful way to embed
* \r, \t or \0 into a container
* for use by hypercard.
****************************/
{
 long   hsiz = GetHandleSize( theHand );
 char   *dirP;

 SetHandleSize( theHand, hsiz + 1 );
 dirP = *theHand + hsiz;
 *dirP= theChar;
}

GetCatalog( wdref, dirH )
 short  wdref;
 Handle dirH;
/****************************
* Get a listing of the directory
* passed in.
* In:
*  wdref == reference number of the
*  the desired working directory
*dirH == handle to the output container.
* Note that we allocate all structures 
* in the heap to minimize the impact
* a high directory valence might have
* on the stack.
****************************/
{
 OSErr  done= 0; /* goes true when done searching  */
 CInfoPBPtr catPB= (CInfoPBPtr)NewPtr( sizeof(CInfoPBRec));
 WDPBPtrwdPB= (WDPBPtr)NewPtr( sizeof(WDPBRec));
 char   *fname = (char *)NewPtr( 256L );

 if( catPB && wdPB && fname ){
 catPB->dirInfo.ioNamePtr = (StringPtr)fname;
 catPB->dirInfo.ioFDirIndex = 0;
 catPB->dirInfo.ioVRefNum = wdref; 
 
 do{
 *(catPB->dirInfo.ioNamePtr) = ‘\0’;
 catPB->dirInfo.ioFDirIndex++;
 catPB->dirInfo.ioDrDirID = 0; 
 
 if( (done = PBGetCatInfo( catPB, SYNC ) ) == noErr ){
 pStrToField( fname, ‘’, dirH );
   if( catPB->dirInfo.ioFlAttrib & 0x010 ){  /*** it’s a directory
 ***/
 AppendCharToHandle( dirH, ‘:’ );
   }
   AppendCharToHandle( dirH, ‘\r’ );
 }
 }while( !done );
 
 DisposPtr( (Ptr)catPB );
 DisposPtr( (Ptr)wdPB );
 DisposPtr( (Ptr)fname );
 }
}

 
AAPL
$100.53
Apple Inc.
+1.37
MSFT
$45.33
Microsoft Corpora
+0.22
GOOG
$586.86
Google Inc.
+4.70

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Apple Motion 5.1.2 - Create and customiz...
Apple Motion is designed for video editors, Motion 5 lets you customize Final Cut Pro titles, transitions, and effects. Or create your own dazzling animations in 2D or 3D space, with real-time... Read more
A Better Finder Rename 9.39 - File, phot...
A Better Finder Rename is the most complete renaming solution available on the market today. That's why, since 1996, tens of thousands of hobbyists, professionals and businesses depend on A Better... Read more
PopChar X 6.6 - Floating window shows av...
PopChar X helps you get the most out of your font collection. With its crystal-clear interface, PopChar X provides a frustration-free way to access any font's special characters. Expanded... Read more
MacUpdate Desktop 6.0.2 - Install Mac ap...
MacUpdate Desktop 6 brings seamless 1-click installs and version updates to your Mac. With a free MacUpdate account and MacUpdate Desktop 6, Mac users can now install almost any Mac app on macupdate.... Read more
PDFpenPro 6.3.2 - Advanced PDF toolkit f...
PDFpenPro allows users to edit PDF's easily. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Create... Read more
PDFpen 6.3.2 - Edit and annotate PDFs wi...
PDFpen allows users to easily edit PDF's. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Features... Read more
OS X Yosemite 10.10 DP6 - Developer Prev...
Note: This is a Developer Preview. You must be a registered Apple Mac Developer to download this update. You can also sign up for the free OS X Beta Program to download and preview public beta... Read more
Flavours 1.1.15 - Create and apply theme...
Flavours is a Mac application that allow users to create, apply and share beautifully designed themes. Classy Give your Mac a gorgeous new look by applying delicious themes! Easy Unleash your... Read more
EtreCheck 1.9.14 - For troubleshooting y...
EtreCheck is a simple little app to display the important details of your system configuration and allow you to copy that information to the Clipboard. It is meant to be used with Apple Support... Read more
iFFmpeg 4.5 - Convert multimedia files b...
iFFmpeg is a graphical front-end for FFmpeg, a command-line tool used to convert multimedia files between formats. The command line instructions can be very hard to master/understand, so iFFmpeg does... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Go to Bed – An Interview With Touchfight...
Touchfight Games is an exciting new indie studio that was co-formed between game journalist and author Nathan Meunier, artist Leonard Kenyon, and programmer Jon Kenyon. Their debut game Go To Bed will be released this fall, and with all the... | Read more »
Assault Vector Review
Assault Vector Review By Rob Thomas on August 19th, 2014 Our Rating: :: SIMPLE STRATEGYUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad While this hex-based warp ride is fine in theory, Assault Vector is a bit too simple to be... | Read more »
Tom Hanks’ Hanx Writer has Taken the App...
Tom Hanks’ Hanx Writer has Taken the App Store by Storm Posted by Jessica Fisher on August 19th, 2014 [ permalink ] iPad Only App - Designed for the iPad | Read more »
It Came from Canada: Galaxy Dash
With its use of well-established tropes like endless flying and sci-fi space shooting, the upcoming Galaxy Dash: Race to the Outer Run most likely won’t confound expectations. However, with its robust amount of opportunities for fun player... | Read more »
PromptSmart Review
PromptSmart Review By Jennifer Allen on August 19th, 2014 Our Rating: :: SNAPPY SPEECHGIVINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Offering you a teleprompter in your pocket, PromptSmart is immensely helpful for those who do... | Read more »
The Firm (Games)
The Firm 1 Device: iOS iPhone Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1 (iTunes) Description: RELEASE SPECIAL SALE 50%! Welcome to THE FIRM, Your profil retained our full consideration and we have the pleasure to inform you that your... | Read more »
They Need To Be Fed 3 (Games)
They Need To Be Fed 3 1.0.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: 360 degree gravity platforming is back! Run, jump, collect, avoid enemies and feed yourself to the monster at the... | Read more »
Who Wore it Best? Phantom Flower vs. And...
Who Wore it Best? takes a break from all the bloodshed to check out two decidedly tranquil and nature-loving puzzles games: Phantom Flower and And Then it Rained. [ Who Wore it Best? Phantom Flower vs. And Then it Rained is a post from... | Read more »
Sentinel 4: Dark Star Review
Sentinel 4: Dark Star Review By Jennifer Allen on August 19th, 2014 Our Rating: :: STURDY TOWER DEFENSEUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad After 4 years, the latest entry to the Sentinel series is here. It’s not quite as... | Read more »
TrashEver2 - You can move your selected...
TrashEver2 - You can move your selected notes to trash box. 1.0.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Productivity Price: $.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: TrashEver is an application only for throwing away the note of Evernote... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

15-inch 2.2GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $1899,...
Adorama has the new 15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for $1899 including free shipping plus NY & NJ sales tax only. Their price is $100 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this... Read more
Mid-Size Tablet Shootout Posted: iPad mini wi...
I ‘m curious about how many iPads Apple is actually selling these days. It’s been widely rumored and anticipated that new models with A8 SoCs, 2 GB of RAM, 8 megapixel cameras, and fingerprint... Read more
The 15 Biggest iPad Air Problems And How To A...
What’s this? Fifteen “biggest” problems with the iPad Air? Does that mean there are a lot of smaller problems as well? Say it isn’t so! My old iPad 2 has manifested no hardware problems in three... Read more
TYLT Syncable-Duo, 2-in-1 USB Cable With Appl...
TYLT has introduced the Syncable-Duo, a universal cable solution for charging and syncing data to smartphones and tablets. The Syncable-Duo eliminates the need for multiple cables by incorporating... Read more
Save up to $140 off MSRP with Apple refurbish...
Apple is offering Certified Refurbished iPad Airs for up to $140 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free. Stock tends to come and go with some of these... Read more
2.5GHz Mac mini on sale for $549, save $50
B&H Photo has the 2.5GHz Mac mini on sale for $549.99 including free shipping. That’s $50 off MSRP, and B&H will also include a free copy of Parallels Desktop software. NY sales tax only. Read more
Chromebooks Are Actually Sometimes A Better C...
Mac360′s Kate MacKenzie notes that when Steve Jobs announced the post-PC era, he was assuming that the dominant post-PC device would be the iPad he was unveiling, or another Apple product like the... Read more
Files-Finder Edition 1.0 app Brings Finder/Ex...
Appsicum’s Files Finder App is designed for iPad users who miss the functionality of the OS X Finder and Windows’ Explorer on their tablet. Files-Finder Edition App is a complete tool having rich... Read more
Apple and Samsung Both Face Growth Declines I...
As the tablet PC market matures and growth slows, the dominance of market leaders Apple and Samsung is also weakening, according to the latest NPD DisplaySearch Monthly Tablet PC Panel Shipment... Read more
Target online offers $50 off iPad Air, $100 o...
Target has iPad Airs on sale for $50 off MSRP and the 16GB iPad mini on sale for $199 on their online store this week only. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Prices are... Read more

Jobs Board

Project Manager / Business Analyst, WW *Appl...
…a senior project manager / business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Fulfillment Operations and the Business Process Re-engineering team. This role will work Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** As businesses discover the power of Apple computers and mobile devices, it's your job - as a Solutions Engineer - to show them how to introduce these Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** As more and more people discover Apple , they visit our stores seeking ways to incorporate our products into their lives. It's your job, as a Store Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** Being a Business Manager at an Apple Store means you're the catalyst for businesses to discover and leverage the power, ease, and flexibility of Apple Read more
Project Manager / Business Analyst, WW *Appl...
…a senior project manager / business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Fulfillment Operations and the Business Process Re-engineering team. This role will work Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.