TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Catalog XCMD
Volume Number:5
Issue Number:11
Column Tag:HyperChat™

Related Info: File Manager (PBxxx)

XCMD Corner: Catalog XCMD

By Donald Koscheka, Arthur Young & Co., MacTutor Contributing Editor

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Bullet Proofing

Recently, Joe Palooka wrote to complain about a bug in the GetFileName XCMD that appeared in this column a few months back. Apparently, the xcmd bombed if you passed it more than four file types. But this letter raises a more important issue: how much bulletproofing should I do to my code examples?

Before you jump to the obvious conclusion, allow me to make my case. Bulletproofing my code examples carries three liabilities for this column, size and clarity and time. The former is obvious. This magazine can carry only a certain number of pages per issue. Exceeding that page limit on a regular basis will result in my column getting bumped or serialized. I would like to avoid either case.

Clarity is not so obvious and, in fact, is a function of size. The larger a program is, the more unreadable it becomes. Bulletproofing code tends to be fairly routine, and one can almost apply a formula to XCMDs for bulletproofing: (1) Are the input parameters defined? (2) if so, are they properly conditioned (e.g. correct number of data).

The final liability is time. My years of experience have taught me that a large amount of a programming project’s time is spent anticipating exceptions. Working under a monthly deadline, it is often necessary to eliminate this step. I don’t see any contradiction here. If you intend to use my code in your own product, then it’s incumbent on you test its effectiveness. Bulletproofing my examples will only make your job harder and even then, I have no way of anticipating your exceptions (i.e. what happens to subroutine x if I make this small change to its parameters?)

This code tends to take the form:

if( paramPtr->params[i] && **(paramPtr->params[i]) )...

Testing the input parameters is something else entirely and can easily exceed the size of the “functional code”.

This is not to belittle the need for bulletproof code. Far from it. If you intend to use the code in this column, you should use it as a starting point. In general, if you intend to use somebody else’s code, you should seek answers to these questions: what does the code do? what doesn’t the code do?

At any rate, I will leave this issue on your hands. Write to the editor and let him know your feelings.

Catalog

One good XCMD deserves another. Recently, Joe Zuffoletto called me to ask whether I had any intentions of writing an XCMD that returns a catalog of a given directory. You may recall that Joe gave us the series on adding standard Mac windows to Hypercard. Such code cannot go unrewarded and so this month’s xcmd ...

Catalog accepts parameters in one of two forms. If you pass a pathname in the first parameter, it will return a catalog of all files in that directory. If the first parameter is empty, then Catalog will use the second parameter as directory reference number. This second parameter requires further explaining by way of the file manager.

When the user selects a file from the standard file dialog, the name as well as the volume reference number is passed back to the caller. Under HFS, the volume reference number masquerades as a working directory id. In reality, this reference number acts as either a volume reference number or a working directory id. How the file manager tells them apart is subtle but important:

Volume reference numbers are small negative integers such as -1, -2, -3... In fact, if you pass such a number to Catalog, you will get a listing of the root directory of the volume in question.

Working directory id’s are x. Working directories must not be confused with directory id’s. Each file has a unique id assigned to it called a directory id. This id is a long integer that uniquely identifies a file or folder. Working directory id’s by contrast are integers and are not unique for a given folder. Working directories are very much like file reference numbers. When a working directory is opened by the call, PBOpenWD, a reference number is returned in the vRefNum field.

Listing 1:

/********************************/
/* File: Catalog.c */
/* */
/* Given the reference number of*/
/* a working directory or volume*/
/* return a list of all files & */
/* folders in that directory*/
/* */
/* if a name is given, use it,*/
/* otherwise, use the id passed  */
/********************************/

#include<MacTypes.h>
#include<OSUtil.h>
#include<MemoryMgr.h>
#include<FileMgr.h>
#include<ResourceMgr.h>
#include<pascal.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<hfs.h>
#include  “HyperXCmd.h”
#include“HyperUtils.h”

#define nil 0L

extern  GetCatalog();

pascal void main( paramPtr )
 XCmdBlockPtr  paramPtr;
{
 Handle catalog;
 Str31  str;
 short  dirID;

 /*** intialize the output container ***/
 catalog = NewHandle( 0L );
 
 /*** convert the wdid to a usable form            ***/
 if( paramPtr->params[1] ){
 HLock( paramPtr->params[1] );
 ZeroToPas( paramPtr, *(paramPtr->params[1]), &str );
 HUnlock( paramPtr->params[1] );
 dirID = (short)StrToNum( paramPtr, &str );

 /*** given the id of a directory, ***/
 /*** return a catalog for that directory ***/
 GetCatalog( dirID, catalog );
 }
 else if( paramPtr->params[0] ){ 
 char   path[256];
 CInfoPBRec catPB;
 WDPBRecwdPB;
 
 HLock( paramPtr->params[0] );
 ZeroToPas( paramPtr, *(paramPtr->params[0]), &path );
 HUnlock( paramPtr->params[0] );
 
 /*** get a directory id to this path***/          
 catPB.dirInfo.ioNamePtr  = (StringPtr)path;
 catPB.dirInfo.ioFDirIndex  = 0;
 catPB.dirInfo.ioVRefNum  = 0;
 if( PBGetCatInfo( &catPB, 0 ) == noErr )
   if( catPB.dirInfo.ioFlAttrib & 0x010 ){   /*** it’s a directory
 ***/
 wdPB.ioNamePtr  = (StringPtr)path; 
   wdPB.ioWDProcID = 0;
  
 if( PBOpenWD( &wdPB, 0 ) == noErr ){
 wdPB.ioWDVRefNum= catPB.dirInfo.ioVRefNum;
 wdPB.ioWDDirID  = catPB.dirInfo.ioDrDirID;
 GetCatalog( wdPB.ioVRefNum, catalog );
 PBCloseWD( &wdPB, 0 );
 }
   }
 }
 /*** append a null to the end of the***/
 /*** the directory for Hypercard  ***/
 AppendCharToHandle( catalog, ‘\0’ );
 
 paramPtr->returnValue = catalog;
}
Listing 2:

#include<MacTypes.h>
#include<OSUtil.h>
#include<MemoryMgr.h>
#include<FileMgr.h>
#include<ResourceMgr.h>
#include<pascal.h>
#include<hfs.h>
#include<string.h>
#include  “HyperXCmd.h”
#include“HyperUtils.h”

/*** If you read this column***/
/*** column on a regular basis***/
/*** you may want to add these***/
/*** routines to HyperUtils.c ***/
/*** If you don’t have Hyper- ***/
/*** utils.c, you can obtain it  ***/
/*** from MacTutor for a small***/
/*** handling charge ***/

#define SYNC0

AppendCharToHandle( theHand, theChar )
 Handle theHand;
 char theChar;
/****************************
* Given a valid handle, append
* the character passed in to 
* the end of the handle
* 
* This is a useful way to embed
* \r, \t or \0 into a container
* for use by hypercard.
****************************/
{
 long   hsiz = GetHandleSize( theHand );
 char   *dirP;

 SetHandleSize( theHand, hsiz + 1 );
 dirP = *theHand + hsiz;
 *dirP= theChar;
}

GetCatalog( wdref, dirH )
 short  wdref;
 Handle dirH;
/****************************
* Get a listing of the directory
* passed in.
* In:
*  wdref == reference number of the
*  the desired working directory
*dirH == handle to the output container.
* Note that we allocate all structures 
* in the heap to minimize the impact
* a high directory valence might have
* on the stack.
****************************/
{
 OSErr  done= 0; /* goes true when done searching  */
 CInfoPBPtr catPB= (CInfoPBPtr)NewPtr( sizeof(CInfoPBRec));
 WDPBPtrwdPB= (WDPBPtr)NewPtr( sizeof(WDPBRec));
 char   *fname = (char *)NewPtr( 256L );

 if( catPB && wdPB && fname ){
 catPB->dirInfo.ioNamePtr = (StringPtr)fname;
 catPB->dirInfo.ioFDirIndex = 0;
 catPB->dirInfo.ioVRefNum = wdref; 
 
 do{
 *(catPB->dirInfo.ioNamePtr) = ‘\0’;
 catPB->dirInfo.ioFDirIndex++;
 catPB->dirInfo.ioDrDirID = 0; 
 
 if( (done = PBGetCatInfo( catPB, SYNC ) ) == noErr ){
 pStrToField( fname, ‘’, dirH );
   if( catPB->dirInfo.ioFlAttrib & 0x010 ){  /*** it’s a directory
 ***/
 AppendCharToHandle( dirH, ‘:’ );
   }
   AppendCharToHandle( dirH, ‘\r’ );
 }
 }while( !done );
 
 DisposPtr( (Ptr)catPB );
 DisposPtr( (Ptr)wdPB );
 DisposPtr( (Ptr)fname );
 }
}

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Together 3.7 - Store and organize all of...
Together helps you organize your Mac, giving you the ability to store, edit and preview your files in a single clean, uncluttered interface. Features Smart storage. With simple drag-and-drop... Read more
EtreCheck 3.1.4 - For troubleshooting yo...
EtreCheck is an app that displays the important details of your system configuration and allow you to copy that information to the Clipboard. It is meant to be used with Apple Support Communities to... Read more
Postbox 5.0.9 - Powerful and flexible em...
Postbox is a new email application that helps you organize your work life and get stuff done. It has all the elegance and simplicity of Apple Mail, but with more power and flexibility to manage even... Read more
DiskCatalogMaker 6.5.16 - Catalog your d...
DiskCatalogMaker is a simple disk management tool which catalogs disks. Simple, light-weight, and fast. Finder-like intuitive look and feel. Super-fast search algorithm. Can compress catalog data... Read more
TrailRunner 3.8.827 - Route planning for...
TrailRunner is the perfect companion for runners, bikers, hikers, and all people wandering under the sky. Plan routes on a geographical map. Import GPS or workout recordings and journalize your... Read more
VueScan 9.5.61 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more
Postbox 5.0.9 - Powerful and flexible em...
Postbox is a new email application that helps you organize your work life and get stuff done. It has all the elegance and simplicity of Apple Mail, but with more power and flexibility to manage even... Read more
VueScan 9.5.61 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more
DiskCatalogMaker 6.5.16 - Catalog your d...
DiskCatalogMaker is a simple disk management tool which catalogs disks. Simple, light-weight, and fast. Finder-like intuitive look and feel. Super-fast search algorithm. Can compress catalog data... Read more
TrailRunner 3.8.827 - Route planning for...
TrailRunner is the perfect companion for runners, bikers, hikers, and all people wandering under the sky. Plan routes on a geographical map. Import GPS or workout recordings and journalize your... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Great zombie games in the spirit of Dead...
Dead Rising 4 arrives tomorrow, giving enthusiasts a fresh chance to take selfies with zombies and get up to other ridiculous end-of-the-world shenanigans. To really get into the spirit of things, we've gone and gathered the best zombie games that... | Read more »
Amateur Surgeon 4 Guide: Advanced tips a...
Amateur Surgeon 4 is still tackling the competition at the top of the App Store charts, so if you haven't tried it out yet, you should probably do that right away. If you've been at it for a while, though, perhaps you're ready to start expanding... | Read more »
Amateur Surgeon 4 Guide: Become the worl...
It's time to wield your trusty pizza cutter again, as Amateur Surgeon has returned with a whole fresh set of challenges (and some old, familiar ones, too). Starting anew isn't easy, especially when all you have at your disposal is a lighter, the... | Read more »
Le Parker: Sous Chef Extraordinaire (Ga...
Le Parker: Sous Chef Extraordinaire 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
Telltale Games really is working on a Gu...
Telltale Games' next episodic adventure is indeed Guardians of the Galaxy. A document tied to the voice actors strike suggested that the project was in the work, but now we have direct confirmation following an announcement at the Game Awards that... | Read more »
Amateur Surgeon returns to iOS and Andro...
Amateur Surgeon and its two sequels disappeared from the App Store some time and it was sad days for all. But now, just in time for the holidays, the Adult Swim favorite makes its joyous return in the shape of Amateur Surgeon 4, a remake with... | Read more »
The best board games on mobile
Sometimes you need to ditch all of the high speed, high action games in favor of something a little more traditional. If you don't feel like parting ways from your mobile device, though, there are still plenty of ways to get that old-school fix.... | Read more »
The best Facebook Messenger Instant Game...
Facebook's new Instant Games is now here, meaning you can play games with your friends directly via Facebook. It's a fun new way to connect with friends, of course, but it's also proving to be a solid gaming experience in its own right, with a... | Read more »
You can now play game's on Facebook...
Facebook launched its new Instant Games platform in an exciting new attempt to engage its user base. As a result, you can now play a number of different games directly through Facebook Messenger. All of these games run with HTML5, meaning you play... | Read more »
Apollo Justice Ace Attorney (Games)
Apollo Justice Ace Attorney 1.00.00 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.00.00 (iTunes) Description: Court Is Back In Session Star as rookie defense attorney, Apollo Justice, as he visits crime scenes,... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Monday roundup of Holiday Mac sales: Up to $3...
Take up to $300 off MSRP on the price of a new Apple Mac at B&H Photo today as part of their Holiday sale. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. Touch Bar MacBook Pros are in... Read more
12-inch WiFi Apple iPad Pros on sale for up t...
B&H Photo has 12″ WiFi Apple iPad Pros on sale for up to $50 off MSRP, each including free shipping. B&H charges sales tax in NY only: - 12″ Space Gray 32GB WiFi iPad Pro: $749 $50 off MSRP... Read more
9-inch Apple WiFi iPad Pros on sale for $20-$...
B&H Photo has 9.7″ Apple WiFi iPad Pros on sale for $20-$50 off MSRP, each including free shipping. B&H charges sales tax in NY only: - 9″ Space Gray 256GB WiFi iPad Pro: $779.95 $20 off MSRP... Read more
Holiday sale: Apple MacBook Airs available fo...
B&H Photo has 13″ MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MMGF2LL/A): $899 $100 off MSRP - 13″ 1.6GHz/... Read more
13-inch Silver Touch Bar MacBook Pro in stock...
Amazon has the new 2016 13″ 2.9GHz/256GB Silver Touch Bar MacBook Pro (MLVP2LL/A) in stock today and on sale for $1749 including free shipping. That’s $50 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price... Read more
Parallels Toolbox 1.3 for Mac Offers 25 Singl...
Parallels has launched Parallels Toolbox 1.3 for Mac, an upgrade that adds five new utilities to the stand-alone application which was released in August and is available exclusively online at http... Read more
OWC Mercury Elite Pro Dual mini Ultra-Portabl...
OWC has introduced the new OWC Mercury Elite Pro Dual mini, a powerful yet ultra-portable dual-drive RAID solution. The new Mercury Elite Pro Dual mini packs phenomenal performance into a small... Read more
Clearance 13-inch Retina MacBook Pros availab...
B&H Photo has clearance 2015 13″ Retina Apple MacBook Pros available for up to $200 off original MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY tax only: - 13″ 2.7GHz/128GB Retina MacBook Pro: $... Read more
Roundup of 2016 13-inch 2.0GHz MacBook Pro sa...
B&H has the non-Touch Bar 13″ MacBook Pros in stock today for $50-$100 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 2.0GHz MacBook Pro Space Gray (MLL42LL/A): $1449 $... Read more
New 13-inch 2.0GHz Space Gray MacBook Pro in...
Adorama has the new 13″ 2.0GHz Space Gray MacBook Pro (non-Touch Bar, MLL42LL/A) in stock for $1499 including a free 3-year AppleCare Protection Plan. Shipping is free, and Adorama charges sales tax... Read more

Jobs Board

Lead *Apple* Solutions Consultant - Apple (...
# Lead Apple Solutions Consultant Job Number: 53586123 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States Posted: Nov. 28, 2016 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** The Lead ASC Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions- Plano,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions- Kansas...
Job Description:SalesSpecialist - Retail Customer Service and SalesTransform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions- Chicago...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Hardware Design Validation Engineer - *Apple...
The Apple Watch team is looking for a Hardware Design Validation Engineer. This person will be part of the Apple Watch hardware team with responsibilities for Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.