TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Sep 89 Letters
Volume Number:5
Issue Number:9
Column Tag:Letters

Letters

By David E. Smith, Editor & Publisher, MacTutor

Another Way To Post Events

Matthew Snyder

Fairfield, CA

In reference to Joel McNamara’s article in the July issue, there’s another way to post command key events, but you wouldn’t know about it unless you’d read a somewhat obscure 1 page chapter in Inside Macintosh Vol. IV. PPostEvent posts an event just like PostEvent, but it “returns a pointer to the created queue entry.”

Here’s an example of its use. Like Joel, I needed to post an event and then fix the modifier field. This is an FKEY I wrote because too many times I found myself in a situation (like a dialog box) where ordinary paste did not work. Because the command and shift keys are down while the FKEY executes, just using PostEvent would result in all the posted events being command-shifted.

/* 1 */

#include<EventMgr.h>
#include <OSUtil.h>

main() {
 long length, offset;
 int index;
 char **tHandle;
 char *tPtr;
 EvQElPtr MyEventPtr;

if (TEGetScrapLen() > 0) {
 ZeroScrap();
 TEToScrap();
 }

tHandle = (char **) NewHandle(0);
length = GetScrap(tHandle, ‘TEXT’, &offset);
if (length > 0) {
 HLock(tHandle);
 tPtr = *tHandle;
 for (index = 0; index < length; index++) {
 PPostEvent((short) keyDown, (int) tPtr[index], &MyEventPtr);
 MyEventPtr_>evtQModifiers = 0;
 }
 }

DisposHandle(tHandle);
}

By the way, I very much liked Joel’s sentiment that as programmers we can rise above the mere end user; we’re not at the mercy of the “software gods.” It is a good feeling.

Take A Bow, Joel

I. Peter Sealy

New York, NY

I have just purchased a copy of MacTutor (June 1989) on the advice of the Lightspeed C user’s manual, and it has proved very valuable. I was especially impressed by Joel West’s “20 Steps to Printing Incompatibility” which explained maybe 50% of the problems we have had with the Mac. In particular, Excel’s infuriating refusal to work with anything but virgin memory (extremely annoying when you have an expensive 4MB sitting there vacant). More software houses should adopt Joel’s sensitivity to the amount of money that users have spent on their systems.

LSC vs. MPW

Andy Baird

Hightstown, NJ

Will Flor (“MPW vs. LSC,” MacTutor June 1989) is of course entitled to his opinions about the relative merits of MPW and Lightspeed C, but I had to laugh when he compared LSC to a tricycle and said “For very simple programs, perhaps LSC works adequately.” In case you’re unaware of it, Mr. Flor, a few of the “very simple” programs created with LSC are FoxBASE Mac, PageMaker and Digital Darkroom. If those are simple, I’d hate to see what you think is complex!

Hex Conversion

Temple M. Sarles

Nashua, NH

I enjoyed inputting and getting to run the “ADB Demo” for LS pascal 2.0 from your volume 5 number 3 in March 1989. Programs like these give dabblers like me some necessary insight into interfacing with the toolbox and really making things work.

It was a bit of a disappointment to find in procedure QuerySystem the line “str1 := concat(‘System Version (must convert to hex) = ‘, str2, chr(13));”. (emphasis added) Well, I did. Enclosed find the listing of a test program with the function ToHex which accepts a long integer and returns a string representing the value in hexadecimal. I think the code with its comments pretty well explains itself. There were two surprises. I idly tried a negative number, only to get unexpected results. I forgot that negative numbers are represented in two’s complement. An easy solution using the toolbox is presented in lines 21 & 22.

Not really solved is the need to make the string of hex digits a variable instead of a constant. If Hex_Char = ‘0123456789ABCDE’ is declared as a constant then line 27 ( , Hex_Char [Work + 1] ) gets a compile error of “Too many indices are being applied to a variable or expression.” The reason for this is not clear, but making it a string variable works well enough.

To apply this to ADB Demo, add function ToHex to MyADBStuff in the IMPLEMENTATION section ahead of procedure QuerySystem. In QuerySystem, replace the lines:

 NumToString(LongInt(theWorld.systemVersion), str2, chr(13));
 str1 := concat(‘System Version (must convert to hex) = ‘, str2, chr(13));

with:

{2}

 str2 := ToHex(LongInt(theWorld.systemVersion));  {convert to hex string}
 str2 := concat(copy(str2, 1, length(str2) - 2),
 ‘.’, copy(str2, length(str2) - 1, 2));{put in period}
 str1 := concat(‘System Version = ‘, str2, chr(13));

Appropriate credit should be given to Think Technology for their excellent implementation of Pascal and especially for their outstanding development environment (DEC & Apollo could take lessons).

{3}

program Test;    {Just a place to try things out}
 var
 T1: integer;    {The value as an integer}
 T2: string;{What it looks like as a string}

 function ToHex (Number_In: LongInt): string;      {This does the job}
 var
 Accumulate: string; {I never work into return value}
 Hex_Char: string; {The set of Hexadecimal digits}
 Shift: Integer; {Offset into the LongInt}
 Suppress_Zero: boolean;  
 {A switch to suppress leading zeroes}
 Work: LongInt;  {The clipped byte from the Number_In}

 begin
 Accumulate := ‘’; {Start with a blank string}
 Hex_Char := ‘0123456789ABCDEF’; 
 {Somehow this doesn’t work as a Const}
 Suppress_Zero := True; 
 {To start with suppress leading zeroes}

{First take care of sign bit, dispose of two’s complement }
{ and then deal with short three bit high-order hex number}

 if BitTst(@Number_In, 0) then{The sign bit is set!}
 begin
 Accumulate := ‘-’;
 Number_In := BitNot(Number_In); 
 {Two’s Complement cleared}
 Number_In := Number_In + $1
 {It’s always one shy - back to DP101}
 end;
 Work := BitShift(Number_In, 1);   
 {Bang to left  - IM/I-472}
 Work := BitShift(Work, -29); 
 {Back to right - IM/I-472}
 if Work > 0 then
 Accumulate := concat(Accumulate, Hex_Char[Work + 1]);

 Shift := 4;{Start with bit 5 - the 2nd digitd}
 repeat {Now a loop for the other 7 digitd}
 Work := BitShift(Number_In, shift); 
 {Bang to left  - IM/I-472}
 Work := BitShift(Work, -28); 
 {Back to right - IM/I-472}
 if Suppress_Zero then
 if Work > 0 then {The beginning of what we want}
 begin
 Suppress_Zero := False;  
 {A digit - No more leading zeroes}
 Accumulate := concat(Accumulate, Hex_Char[Work + 1])
 end
 else   {Don’t do anything!!}
 else
 Accumulate := concat(Accumulate, Hex_Char[Work + 1]);
 Shift := Shift + 4; {Move over one byte}
 until Shift = 32; {Bit 33 is out of bounds}

 ToHex := Accumulate {Put the result into return value}
 end;   {of function ToHex}

begin
 T1 := 1538;{A famous number now-a-days}
 T2 := ToHex(LongInt(T1));{Let’s see what it is}

{The next line inserts the period needed to make theWorld.systemVersion 
human readable}

 T2 := concat(copy(T2, 1, length(T2) - 2), ‘.’, copy(T2, length(T2) - 
1, 2));
 writeln(‘T1 = ‘, T1, ‘:  T2 = ‘, T2)
end.    {of program Test}

Fill Rectangle Tool

Kevin Parichan

Reedley, CA

In the article I wrote showing how to do the Spray Can and Paint Bucket tools I mentioned that there was a unit on GEnie that implemented these and other tools. That unit is no longer available, so I thought that I would give away the source for the standard filled rectangle tool. I rewrote the code in C so as to show that I don’t play favorites. With the routine given as is, you can easily modify it for ovals and round rectangles, filled or not. The routine uses the current grafport to get the fill pattern and the widths for the frame. Enjoy.

/* 4 */

#define NULL0L

Ptr NewBitMap(theBitMap,theRect)
   BitMap *theBitMap;
   Rect *theRect;
{
   theBitMap->rowBytes = ((theRect->right - theRect->left + 15) / 16) 
* 2;
   theBitMap->baseAddr = NewPtr(theBitMap->rowBytes * (theRect->bottom 
- theRect->top));
   theBitMap->bounds = *theRect;
   if (MemError() == noErr)
      return(theBitMap->baseAddr);
   return(NULL);
}

RectTool_Filled(where,workRect)
   Pointwhere;
   Rect *workRect;
{
   GrafPtrworkPort;
   BitMap workBits;
   PenState workState;
   BitMap oldBits,tempBits;
   Rect tempRect,theRect,aRect;
   PointnewLoc,pivot;
   long position;
   
   GetPort(&workPort);
   workBits = workPort->portBits;
   
   if (NewBitMap(&oldBits,workRect) == NULL)
      return;
   if (NewBitMap(&tempBits,workRect) == NULL)
   {
      DisposPtr(oldBits.baseAddr);
      return;
   }
   
   CopyBits(&workBits,&oldBits,workRect,workRect,srcCopy,NULL);
   
   tempRect = *workRect;
   tempRect.right = tempRect.right + 1;
   tempRect.bottom = tempRect.bottom + 1;
   
   GetPenState(&workState);
   PenNormal();
   PenSize(workState.pnSize.h,workState.pnSize.v);
   
   pivot = newLoc = where;
   SetRect(&theRect,where.h,where.v,where.h,where.v);
   
   while (Button()) {
      GetMouse(&newLoc);
      position = PinRect(&tempRect,newLoc);
      newLoc.v = HiWord(position);
      newLoc.h = LoWord(position);
      if (!EqualPt(newLoc,where))
      {
         Pt2Rect(newLoc,pivot,&theRect);
         Pt2Rect(where,pivot,&aRect);
         UnionRect(&theRect,&aRect,&aRect);
         CopyBits(&oldBits,&tempBits,workRect,workRect,srcCopy,NULL);
         SetPortBits(&tempBits);
         FillRect(&theRect,workState.pnPat);
         FrameRect(&theRect);
         SetPortBits(&workBits);
         CopyBits(&tempBits,&workBits,&aRect,&aRect,srcCopy,NULL);
         where = newLoc;
      }
   }
   
   DisposPtr(tempBits.baseAddr);
   DisposPtr(oldBits.baseAddr);
   SetPenState(&workState);
}

Stop The Press!

Kirk Chase

Anaheim, CA

Well, the Splitbar CDEF indicator dragging bug is fixed, thanks to Alexander S. Colwell of Redondo Beach, CA andMurat N. Konar of Minneapolis, MN. Each one suggests that the Quickdraw global DragPattern at $A34 should be stuffed with a gray pattern. Murat suggests this be done in the initialization procedure, and Alexander says in the doCalc procedure when the thumb region is requested.

It seems that the varialble is initialized to black instead of gray as the Window Manager implies in Inside Macintosh Vol. I on page 294 and 295. It states that " DragGrayRgn pulls a dotted (gray) outline of the region around " and "If you want the region's outline to be drawn in a pattern other than gray, you can store the pattern in the global varialbe DragPattern and then invoke the macro _DragTheRgn." But it looks as if the standard CDEF initializes the global even though we are told by Apple not to write to low memory globals. Oh, well. Hopefully this bug(?) will be fixed later on.

On a side note, I became a father for the first time on July 10, 1989 at 11:36 AM. My wife gave birth to a 5lb. boy named, "Brandon Lee Chase." I like to thank those, especially the staff at MacTutor, for putting up with me at this time. I would also like to thank my wife, Sylvia Lue, for putting up with me. I married simply the best.

 
AAPL
$102.50
Apple Inc.
+0.25
MSFT
$45.43
Microsoft Corpora
+0.55
GOOG
$571.60
Google Inc.
+2.40

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

VueScan 9.4.41 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more
Cloud 3.0.0 - File sharing from your men...
Cloud is simple file sharing for the Mac. Drag a file from your Mac to the CloudApp icon in the menubar and we take care of the rest. A link to the file will automatically be copied to your clipboard... Read more
LibreOffice 4.3.1.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
SlingPlayer Plugin 3.3.20.505 - Browser...
SlingPlayer is the screen interface software that works hand-in-hand with the hardware inside the Slingbox to make your TV viewing experience just like that at home. It features an array of... Read more
Get Lyrical 3.8 - Auto-magically adds ly...
Get Lyrical auto-magically add lyrics to songs in iTunes. You can choose either a selection of tracks, or the current track. Or turn on "Active Tagging" to get lyrics for songs as you play them.... Read more
Viber 4.2.2 - Send messages and make cal...
Viber lets you send free messages and make free calls to other Viber users, on any device and network, in any country! Viber syncs your contacts, messages and call history with your mobile device,... Read more
Cocktail 7.6 - General maintenance and o...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
LaunchBar 6.1 - Powerful file/URL/email...
LaunchBar is an award-winning productivity utility that offers an amazingly intuitive and efficient way to search and access any kind of information stored on your computer or on the Web. It provides... Read more
Maya 2015 - Professional 3D modeling and...
Maya is an award-winning software and powerful, integrated 3D modeling, animation, visual effects, and rendering solution. Because Maya is based on an open architecture, all your work can be scripted... Read more
BBEdit 10.5.12 - Powerful text and HTML...
BBEdit is the leading professional HTML and text editor for the Mac. Specifically crafted in response to the needs of Web authors and software developers, this award-winning product provides a... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Qube Kingdom – Tips, Tricks, Strategies,...
Qube Kingdom is a tower defense game from DeNA. You rally your troops – magicians, archers, knights, barbarians, and others – and fight against an evil menace looking to dominate your kingdom of tiny squares. Planning a war isn’t easy, so here are a... | Read more »
Qube Kingdom Review
Qube Kingdom Review By Nadia Oxford on August 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: KIND OF A SQUARE KINGDOMUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Qube Kingdom has cute visuals, but it’s a pretty basic tower defense game at heart.   | Read more »
Fire in the Hole Review
Fire in the Hole Review By Rob Thomas on August 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: WALK THE PLANKUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Seafoam’s Fire in the Hole looks like a bright, 8-bit throwback, but there’s not enough booty to... | Read more »
Alien Creeps TD is Now Available Worldwi...
Alien Creeps TD is Now Available Worldwide Posted by Ellis Spice on August 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Dodo Master Review
Dodo Master Review By Jordan Minor on August 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: NEST EGGiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Dodo Master is tough but fair, and that’s what makes it a joy to play.   | Read more »
Motorsport Manager Review
Motorsport Manager Review By Lee Hamlet on August 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: MARVELOUS MANAGEMENTUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Despite its depth and sense of tactical freedom, Motorsport Manager is one of the most... | Read more »
Motorsport Manager – Beginner Tips, Tric...
The world of Motorsport management can be an unforgiving and merciless one, so to help with some of the stress that comes with running a successful race team, here are a few hints and tips to leave your opponents in the dust. | Read more »
CalPal Update Brings the App to 2.0, Add...
CalPal Update Brings the App to 2.0, Adds Lots of New Stuff Posted by Ellis Spice on August 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Baseball Battle Review
Baseball Battle Review By Jennifer Allen on August 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: SIMPLE HITTINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Simple and cute, Baseball Battle is a fairly fun baseball game for those looking for something... | Read more »
Checkmark 2.1 Update Released, and it’s...
Checkmark 2.1 Update Released, and it’s on Sale for a Limited Time Posted by Jessica Fisher on August 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Labor Day Weekend MacBook Pro sale; 15-inch m...
B&H Photo has the new 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to $125 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. They’ll also include free copies of Parallels Desktop... Read more
Labor Day Weekend iPad mini sale; $50 to $100...
Best Buy has the iPad mini with Retina Display (WiFi models) on sale for $50 off MSRP on their online store for Labor Day Weekend. Choose free shipping or free local store pick up. Price is for... Read more
13-inch 1.4GHz MacBook Air on sale for $899,...
Adorama has the new 2014 13″ 1.4GHz/128GB MacBook Air on sale for $899.99 including free shipping plus NY & NJ tax only. Their price is $100 off MSRP. Read more
It’s Official: Apple Issues Invitations To Se...
Apple has issued one of its characteristically cryptic press invitations for a special event to be held at the Flint Center for the Performing Arts in hometown Cupertino on Sept. 9, 2014 at 10:00 am... Read more
Tablet Shipments To See First On-year Decline...
TrendForce analyst Caroline Chen notes that when the iPad launched in 2010, it was an instant hit and spurred a tablet PC revolution, with tablets so popular that that notebook PC sales stagnated and... Read more
SOBERLINK Releases Apple iOS Compatible Handh...
Cypress, California based SOBERLINK, Inc., creator of the first handheld Breathalyzer designed to improve recovery outcomes, continues to show prominence in the mobile alcohol monitoring space with... Read more
New 21″ 1.4GHz iMac on sale again for $999, s...
Best Buy has the new 21″ 1.4GHz iMac on sale for $999.99 on their online store. Their price is $100 off MSRP. Choose free shipping or free local store pick up. Price is for online orders only, in-... Read more
Smartphone Outlook Remains Strong for 2014, U...
According to a new mobile phone forecast from the International Data Corporation (IDC) Worldwide Quarterly Mobile Phone Tracker, more than 1.25 billion smartphones will be shipped worldwide in 2014,... Read more
Save up to $60 with Apple refurbished iPod to...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 5th generation iPod touches available starting at $149. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free. Many, but not all... Read more
12-Inch MacBook Air Coming in 4Q14 or 2015 –...
Digitimes’ Aaron Lee and Joseph Tsai report that according to Taiwan-based upstream supply chain insiders, Apple plans to launch a thinner MacBook model either at year end 2014 or in 2015, and that... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.