TweetFollow Us on Twitter

ZBASIC Routines
Volume Number:5
Issue Number:7
Column Tag:BASIC School

Useful Routines For ZBASIC

By Dave Kelly, MacTutor Editorial Board

Hello! Are any of you tired of switching back and forth between versions of Basic? Although ZBasic still holds an edge over other Basics in the competition, there are benefits in favor of using other Basics from time to time. The frustrating thing about it is when you try to use a command, syntax, or subroutine with the wrong version of Basic. It’s easy to do if you switch back and forth very often. It’s also frustrating when your favorite function isn’t implemented the same (or not at all) from what you are used to.

Charles Stricklin has sent in three functions which he wished were already implemented in ZBasic. These have been designed to add to your ZBasic library of routines. The GETINDSTRING$ function works similarly to the GETINDRESOURCE function in the Macintosh toolbox. This routine allows easy retrieval of strings stored in a ‘STR#’ resource.

The GETRESWINDOW and GETRESMENU functions will get WIND and MENU resource data and interpret the resource to open up windows and setup menus using standard ZBasic statements. This is useful if you would like to use resources like ‘real’ applications do.

The program demonstrates the use of these functions. In developing this and through debugging the functions I am now even more aware of the missing capability to include resources from a resource file when compiling with ZBasic. This is a deficiency which I would hope Zedcor has as #1 on their ‘TO DO’ list. Charles also listed this problem as high priority and wrote a short routine as a work around for the meantime:

debugging = -1: ‘(or TRUE if defined previously)TRUE during development.

“OpenResourceFork” :’used in development only
 LONG IF debugging :’we’re still writing this
 CALL PARAMTEXT(“Do you want to use a specific resource”,”file?”,””,””)
 myAnswer = FN CAUTIONALERT(3,NIL) :’gets my answer from alert
 LONG IF myAnswer =1 :’I said “YES”
 resourceFilename$ = FILES$(1,”rsrc”,,volume)      :’gets a filename 

 ‘(created with ResEdit)
 refNum = FN OPENRESFILE(resourceFileName$)  :’and opens it’s  
 ‘resource fork
 END IF :’(myAnswer = 1)
END IF  :’(debugging)
RETURN :’(“OpenResourceFork”)

Other items on the ZBasic “Wish List” include:

(to be fixed):

• The “Save Changes?” alert should only be called after the user has actually made changes to an existing document... especially not right after launching ZBasic itself when opening an existing document.

• ZBasic doesn’t run reliably under MultiFinder. After several passes editing and running, ZBasic aborts even with 2.5+ Meg memory allocated to ZBasic. I’ve never had this happen when not running Multifinder. I suggest that Multifinder be turned off when editing and debugging ZBasic programs.

(to be improved):

• The ‘Find’ command is somewhat useless without a ‘Change’ command.

• The editor, even with the vast improvements over earlier versions, is still clumsy in several (many) areas.

• The default tab settings are a nuisance. This should be user definable.

• Editing would be much easier if more than one edit window (different files too) could be open at the same time.

• Lower the price. The ToolBox Editor should have been part of the package to begin with. The Program Generator is useful if you don’t already have your own custom BASIC shell defined.

On the plus side, ZBasic is still the fastest and has been very reliable since version 5.0 was released. If the price were still under $100, it would be a bargain. At the present time LightSpeed Pascal or C is a much better bargain when compared with ZBasic.

I’m sure that there are others routines which MacTutor readers have been using which would be useful to others. Send your routines to me via MacTutor and see your name in print! Thanks Charles!

‘ This program contains 3 new subroutines which
‘ may be used with the ZBasic Program Generator.
‘ ©1989 MacTutor
‘ Subroutines by Charles Stricklin, modified by Dave Kelly
‘************************************************************
‘                      • CONFIGURATION • 
‘************************************************************
‘
‘            Default Variable Type:Integer
‘            Convert to Upper Case:Yes
‘        Space Req.After Key Words:Yes
‘                     Array Base 1:No
‘                       Bundle Bit:Yes
‘
‘************************************************************
‘                    • SET UP VARIABLES • 
‘************************************************************
WINDOW OFF:COORDINATE WINDOW:DEF MOUSE=-1:WIDTH -2
DIM T,L,B,R,MY,MX’                REQUIRED FOR TOOL BOX CALLS
‘------------------------------------------------------------
WND=1:GOSUB”BUILD WINDOW”
GOSUB “BUILD MENU”
GOTO”EVENT QUEUE”
‘************************************************************
‘                        • THE QUEUE • 
‘************************************************************
“EVENT QUEUE”
ON DIALOG GOSUB “HANDLE DIALOG”:DIALOG ON
ON BREAK  GOSUB “HANDLE BREAK” :BREAK  ON
ON MOUSE  GOSUB “HANDLE MOUSE” :MOUSE  ON
ON MENU GOSUB “Handle Menu” :MENU ON
:
“LOOP”
GOTO”LOOP”
:
DIALOG OFF:BREAK OFF:MOUSE OFF
‘************************************************************
‘                     • DIALOG ROUTINES • 
‘************************************************************
“HANDLE DIALOG”
:
ACT=DIALOG(0):REF=DIALOG(ACT)
:
IF ACT=3 THEN WINDOW REF:RETURN
IF ACT=4 THEN GOSUB”CAPTURE”:WINDOW CLOSE REF:END
IF ACT=5 THEN “FORMAT WINDOW”
IF ACT=11 THEN EDIT FIELD REF,””
:
LONG IF WINDOW(0)=1
END IF
:
RETURN
‘************************************************************
‘                      • BREAK ROUTINE • 
‘************************************************************
“HANDLE BREAK”
END
‘************************************************************
‘                     • MOUSE ROUTINES • 
‘************************************************************
“HANDLE MOUSE”
:
MACT=MOUSE(0):MX=MOUSE(1):MY=MOUSE(2)
:
RETURN
“Handle Menu”
MenuNumber=MENU(0)
Menuitem=MENU(1)
MENU
IF MenuNumber=1 AND Menuitem=12 THEN END
RETURN

‘GETINDSTRING$ function By Charles Stricklin
‘Modified by Dave Kelly for MacTutor, May, 1989

‘This function is identical to the procedure GetIndString
‘which is not in ROM and not supported by ZBasic.  It reads
‘a string from a string list and returns a copy of it in the
‘variable the String$.  If the string list doesn’t exist of the
‘index is out of range an empty string is returned.

‘ stringListID is the resource ID of the string list; it’s resource type 
is ‘STR#’.
‘ stringIndex is the index of the desired string within the list.

LONG FN GETINDSTRING$(StringListID, StringIndex)
 TheString$=””
 Offset=0
 FALSE=0
 MyHandle&=FN GETRESOURCE(CVI(“STR#”),StringListID)
 LONG IF FN RESERROR=FALSE
 MyPointer&=USR 3(MyHandle&)
 NumberOfStrings=PEEK WORD(MyPointer&)
 LONG IF (StringIndex>0) AND (StringIndex <= NumberOfStrings)
 LONG IF StringIndex>1
 FOR ThisString=1 TO StringIndex-1
 LengthOfThisString=PEEK(MyPointer&+2+Offset)
 Offset=Offset+LengthOfThisString+1
 NEXT
 END IF
 LengthOfDesiredString=PEEK(MyPointer&+2+Offset)
 FOR Character=1 TO LengthOfDesiredString
 TheString$=TheString$+CHR$(PEEK(MyPointer&+2+Offset+Character))
 NEXT
 END IF
 MyHandle&=USR 7(MyPointer&)
 CALL DETACHRESOURCE(MyHandle&)
 END IF
END FN= TheString$

‘GETRESMENU function By Charles Stricklin
‘Modified by Dave Kelly for MacTutor, May, 1989
‘This function creates a ZBasic menu from a MENU resource.
‘The result given is boolean; true if the task is accomplished,
‘false if there’s a problem (the resource doesn’t exist, etc.)

‘ resourceID is resource ID of the menu resource to be used.
‘  menuNumber is the ZBasic number of the menu to be created.

LONG FN GETRESMENU(ResourceID, MenuNumber)
 DEFSTR LONG
 Done=0
 FALSE=0
 MenuBlkSize=14
 Title$=””
 MyHandle&=FN GETRESOURCE(CVI(“MENU”),ResourceID)
 LONG IF FN RESERROR=FALSE
 MyPointer&=USR 3(MyHandle&)
 EnableFlags&=PEEK LONG(MyPointer&+10)
 State=VAL(MID$(BIN$(EnableFlags&),32,1))
 LengthTitle=PEEK(MyPointer&+MenuBlkSize)
 FOR Character=1 TO LengthTitle
Title$=Title$+CHR$(PEEK(MyPointer&+MenuBlkSize+Character))
 NEXT
 MENU MenuNumber,0,State,Title$
 Offset&=MenuBlkSize+LengthTitle+1
 DO
 MenuItem=MenuItem+1:Title$=””
 LengthTitle=PEEK(MyPointer&+Offset&)
 FOR Character=1 TO LengthTitle
Title$=Title$+CHR$(PEEK(MyPointer&+Offset&+Character))
 NEXT
 Offset&=Offset&+LengthTitle+1
 IconNumber&=PEEK(MyPointer&+Offset&)
 IF IconNumber& THEN Title$=Title$+”^”+RIGHT$(STR$(IconNumber&),1)
 CommandKey=PEEK(MyPointer&+Offset&+1)
 IF CommandKey THEN Title$=Title$+”/”+CHR$(CommandKey)
 MarkChar = PEEK(MyPointer&+Offset&+2)
 IF MarkChar THEN Title$=Title$+”!”+CHR$(MarkChar)
 CharacterStyle=PEEK(MyPointer&+Offset&+3)
 IF FN BITTST(CharacterStyle,0) THEN Title$=Title$+”<B”
 IF FN BITTST(CharacterStyle,1) THEN Title$=Title$+”<I”
 IF FN BITTST(CharacterStyle,2) THEN Title$=Title$+”<U”
 IF FN BITTST(CharacterStyle,3) THEN Title$=Title$+”<O”
 IF FN BITTST(CharacterStyle,4) THEN Title$=Title$+”<S”
  State=VAL(MID$(BIN$(EnableFlags&),32-MenuItem,1))
 Offset&=Offset&+4
 MENU MenuNumber, MenuItem, State, Title$
 UNTIL PEEK(MyPointer&+Offset&)=FALSE
 Done=-1
 END IF
 MyHandle&=USR 7(MyPointer&)
 CALL DETACHRESOURCE(MyHandle&)
END FN=Done

‘GETRESWINDOW function By Charles Stricklin
‘Modified by Dave Kelly for MacTutor, May, 1989
‘This function creates a ZBasic window from a window template
‘resource.  Result given is boolean;true if task is accomplished,
‘false if there’s a problem ( resource doesn’t exist, etc.)
‘ resourceID is the resource ID of window template to be used.
‘ windowNumber is ZBasic number of the window to be created.
‘ modal is boolean.

LONG FN GETRESWINDOW(ResourceID, WindowNumber, Modal)
 Done=0
 Title$=””
 FALSE=0
 MyHandle&=FN GETRESOURCE(CVI(“WIND”),ResourceID)
 LONG IF FN RESERROR=FALSE
 MyPointer&=USR 3(MyHandle&)
 Y1=PEEK WORD(MyPointer&)
 X1=PEEK WORD(MyPointer&+2)
 Y2=PEEK WORD(MyPointer&+4)
 X2=PEEK WORD(MyPointer&+6)
 Type=PEEK WORD(MyPointer&+8)+1
 HasClose=PEEK WORD(MyPointer&+12)
 LengthOfTitle=PEEK(MyPointer&+18)
 FOR Character=1 TO LengthOfTitle
 Title$=Title$+CHR$(PEEK(MyPointer&+18+Character))
 NEXT
 IF Type=13 THEN Type=9: ‘ZBasic doesn’t support ZoomNoGrow
 IF HasClose=FALSE THEN Type=Type+256
 IF Modal THEN Type=-Type
 WINDOW WindowNumber,Title$,(X1,Y1)-(X2,Y2),Type
 Done=-1
 END IF
 MyHandle&=USR 7(MyPointer&)
 CALL DETACHRESOURCE(MyHandle&)
END FN=Done

‘************************************************************
‘                     • WINDOW ROUTINES • 
‘************************************************************
“BUILD WINDOW”
IF WND=1 THEN Result=FN GETRESWINDOW(1,1,0)
GOSUB”BUILD EDITS”:GOSUB”FILL EDITS”:GOSUB “FORMAT WINDOW”
RETURN
‘************************************************************
‘                     • MENU ROUTINES • 
‘************************************************************
“BUILD MENU”
Result=FN GETRESMENU(1002,1)
RETURN
‘************************************************************
‘              • PUT GRAPHICS & TEXT IN WINDOW • 
‘************************************************************
“FORMAT WINDOW”
CALL PENNORMAL
:
LONG IF WINDOW(0)=1
PrintString$=FN GETINDSTRING$(31618, 1)
LOCATE 1,1:PRINT PrintString$
PrintString$=FN GETINDSTRING$(31618, 2)
LOCATE 4,2:PRINT PrintString$
END IF
:
CALL PENNORMAL:RETURN
‘************************************************************
‘             • CREATE EDIT FIELDS AND BUTTONS • 
‘************************************************************
“BUILD EDITS”
TEXT ,,0,0
:
LONG IF WINDOW(0)=1
END IF
:
RETURN
‘************************************************************
‘            • FILL EDIT FIELDS AND SET BUTTONS • 
‘************************************************************
“FILL EDITS”
:
LONG IF WINDOW(0)=1
END IF
:
RETURN
‘************************************************************
‘        • CAPTURE EDIT FIELD STRINGS & READ BUTTONS • 
‘************************************************************
“CAPTURE”
:
LONG IF WINDOW(0)=1
END IF
:
RETURN

 
AAPL
$524.94
Apple Inc.
+5.93
MSFT
$40.01
Microsoft Corpora
-0.39
GOOG
$536.10
Google Inc.
-20.44

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Tweetbot 1.5.1 - Popular iOS twitter cli...
Tweetbot is a full-featured OS X Twitter client with a lot of personality. Whether it's the meticulously-crafted interface, sounds and animation, or features like multiple timelines and column views... Read more
Mac DVDRipper Pro 4.1.7 - Copy, backup,...
Mac DVDRipper Pro is the DVD backup solution that lets you protect your DVDs from scratches, save your batteries by reading your movies from your hard disk, manage your collection with just a few... Read more
PDFpenPro 6.2 - Advanced PDF toolkit for...
PDFpenPro allows users to edit PDF's easily. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Create... Read more
PDFpen 6.2 - Edit and annotate PDFs with...
PDFpen allows users to easily edit PDF's. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Features... Read more
Monolingual 1.5.9 - Remove unwanted OS X...
Monolingual is a program for removing unnecesary language resources from OS X, in order to reclaim several hundred megabytes of disk space. It requires a 64-bit capable Intel-based Mac and at least... Read more
Maya 2015 - Professional 3D modeling and...
Maya is an award-winning software and powerful, integrated 3D modeling, animation, visual effects, and rendering solution. Because Maya is based on an open architecture, all your work can be scripted... Read more
Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty 1.1.1.180...
Download the patch by launching the Starcraft II game and downloading it through the Battle.net connection within the app. Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty is a strategy game played in real-time. You... Read more
Sibelius 7.5.0 - Music notation solution...
Sibelius is the world's best-selling music notation software for Mac. It is as intuitive to use as a pen, yet so powerful that it does most things in less than the blink of an eye. The demo includes... Read more
Typinator 5.9 - Speedy and reliable text...
Typinator turbo-charges your typing productivity. Type a little. Typinator does the rest. We've all faced projects that require repetitive typing tasks. With Typinator, you can store commonly used... Read more
MYStuff Pro 2.0.16 - Create inventories...
MYStuff Pro is the most flexible way to create detail-rich inventories for your home or small business. Add items to MYStuff by dragging and dropping existing information, uploading new images, or... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Have a Special Dead Trigger 2 Easter Bas...
Have a Special Dead Trigger 2 Easter Basket Full of Goodies, Courtesy of Madfinger Games Posted by Rob Rich on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] Dead Trigger 2 | Read more »
Zynga Launches Brand New Farmville Exper...
Zynga Launches Brand New Farmville Experience with Farmville 2: Country Escape Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
David. Review
David. Review By Cata Modorcea on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: MINIMALISTIC IN A DIFFERENT WAYUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad David is a minimalistic game wrapped inside of a soothing atmosphere in which the hero... | Read more »
Eyefi Unveils New Eyefi Cloud Service Th...
Eyefi Unveils New Eyefi Cloud Service That Allows Users to Share Media Across Personal Devices Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair...
Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair Review By Jennifer Allen on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: STEADY ADVENTURINGiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Treading a safe path, Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair is a... | Read more »
Yahoo Updates Flickr App with Advanced E...
Yahoo Updates Flickr App with Advanced Editing Features and More Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
My Incredible Body - A Kid's App to...
My Incredible Body - A Kid's App to Learn about the Human Body 1.1.00 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $2.99, Version: 1.1.00 (iTunes) Description: Wouldn’t it be cool to look inside yourself and see what was going on... | Read more »
Trials Frontier Review
Trials Frontier Review By Carter Dotson on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: A ROUGH LANDINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Trials Frontier finally brings the famed stunt racing franchise to mobile, but how much does its... | Read more »
Evernote Business Notebook by Moleskin I...
Evernote Business Notebook by Moleskin Introduced – Support Available in Evernote for iOS Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Sparkle Unleashed Review
Sparkle Unleashed Review By Jennifer Allen on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: CLASSY MARBLE FLINGINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad It’s a concept we’ve seen before, but Sparkle Unleashed is a solidly enjoyable orb... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP this we...
Best Buy has iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP for a limited time. Choose free home shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Prices are valid for online orders only, in-store... Read more
iPad Airs on sale this weekend for up to $100...
Best Buy has WiFi iPad Airs on sale for $50 off MSRP and WiFi + Cellular iPad Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store for a limited time, with prices now starting at $449. Choose free... Read more
Apple restocks refurbished Mac minis starting...
The Apple Store has restocked Apple Certified Refurbished Mac minis for up to $150 off the cost of new models. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and shipping is free: - 2.5GHz Mac... Read more
Hyundai Brings Apple CarPlay To The 2015 Sona...
Hyundai Motor America has announced it will bring Apple CarPlay functionality to the 2015 Sonata. CarPlay is pitched as a smarter, safer and easier way to use iPhone in the car and gives iPhone users... Read more
Updated iPads Coming Sooner Than We Had Thoug...
MacRumors, cites KGI securities analyst Ming Chi Kuo, well-respected as an Apple product prognisticator, saying that Apple will introduce an upgraded iPad Air and iPad mini in 2014/Q3, meaning the... Read more
Toshiba Unveils New High And Low End Laptop M...
Toshiba has announced new laptop models covering both the high-end and low-end of the notebook computer spectrum. Toshiba 4K Ultra HD Laptop Toshiba’s new Satellite P55t features one of the world’s... Read more
Save up to $270 with Apple refurbished 13-inc...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished October 2013 13″ Retina MacBook Pros available starting at $1099, with models up to $270 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping... Read more
Apple now offering refurbished iPad mini with...
The Apple Store has Certified Refurbished 2nd generation iPad minis with Retina Displays now available starting at $339. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free.... Read more
Microsoft Blinks – Drops Microsoft Office 365...
Microsoft has dropped the annual subscription fee for Microsoft Office 365 Personal – which is needed in order to create and edit documents in Microsoft Office for iPad. However, Apple’s iOS and OS X... Read more
New AVG Vault Apps for iOS and Android Help K...
AVG Technologies N.V. an online security company for 177 million active users, has announced the launch of its latest mobile application, AVG Vault. The free app introduces an innovative user... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Retail - Manager - Holyoke - Apple I...
Job Summary Keeping an Apple Store thriving requires a diverse set of leadership skills, and as a Manager, you’re a master of them all. In the store’s fast-paced, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Manager - Apple (United Sta...
Job SummaryKeeping an Apple Store thriving requires a diverse set of leadership skills, and as a Manager, you're a master of them all. In the store's fast-paced, dynamic Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Retail - Market Leader - Cincinnati...
…challenges of developing individuals, building teams, and affecting growth across Apple Stores. You demonstrate successful leadership ability - focusing on excellence Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.