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Editor Extender
Volume Number:5
Issue Number:7
Column Tag:C Workshop

Related Info: Scrap Manager Desk Manager

Extend Your Favorite Editor

By Joel McNamara, Bellevue, WA

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Extending Your Editor: Edit Extender DA

If you’ve programmed for awhile, you’re bound to to encounter one or two text editors you really feel comfortable with. Be it EMACS on a mainframe or QUED on a Mac, a good editor has a way of growing on you. You savor the power, the flexibility, and all of those little features that really make it stand out. Then comes the day, for some reason or another, when you’re forced to use another editor. You click on the menu bar and your favorite feature isn’t there. A keyboard command just puts a non-ASCII character on the screen. You grit your teeth and code away, wishing your preferred editor was around.

I was rudely awakened to this predicament when I started to use MPW and Lightspeed C. QUED had long been my editor of choice on the Mac, and I suddenly found a few of my favorite features weren’t around anymore. Granted, I could continue to use QUED or even be more ambitious and write my own editor with a little help from Symantec’s CAPPS, but I really like the notion of an integrated programming environment. To me, it’s a hassle to transfer from your editor into your main development environment all of the time.

Ah, but that’s the joy of being a programmer. You’re not forever an end user, hoping and praying the software gods will deliver you from want. You can rise above the masses with an idea and a compiler. The problem of creating an extendible editor can easily be solved by simply writing a desk accessory.

The theory goes like this. You have a chunk of text you want to manipulate within your editor. You just select the text, copy it into the clipboard, capitalize/count/do whatever to it, and then paste the altered text back in, replacing the previous selection. You let the text editor do all of the work, while you sit on top, adding your own features through the DA. No sweat, DA spell checkers like Thunder! do it all the time. Just combine the concepts of the sample “Windows” desk accessory included with Lightspeed C with some clipboard related code, and viola, a few quick hours of programming gives you the features of your favorite editor in a least favored one. Specifically, in the following example, capitalization, changing case, word counting, time and date insertion, and saving a selected region to a text file.

The Clipboard, Fake Keydowns, and Timing

The obvious storage location for storing text to be manipulated is the clipboard, alias the desk scrap. Once the text is there, it can be twiddled with to your heart’s content. So, the first thing to do is get the selected text into it. Now being somewhat lazy in not wanting to menu select Copy or Paste or type their keyboard equivalents all of the time, I decided there must be a better way, more in tune with the Mac interface. Something along the lines of having the text selected, pulling down the DA’s menu, and having the command executed.

The solution is to post a Command “C” (the non-case sensitive, universal Mac key command for “Copy”), and fake the editor into thinking the user had just done a copy into the clipboard. It’s a pretty easy task to post a keydown event with the PostEvent trap, but unfortunately you don’t have any control over the modifiers. If you pass in an ASCII “c” eventCode, and a “keyDwnEvt” eventMsg, all you’ll get is a lower case “c” on the screen. There are no provisions for specifying that the command/option/shift/caps lock keys may also be pressed. There are two choices in dealing with this problem: (1) Post some mousedown events with the locations of the “Edit” menu and “Copy” position, essentially faking a menu selection with the mouse. A risky proposition since you rely on the editor following Apple’s interface guidelines of where things should be. (2) Fake the Mac into thinking a command modifier key has been pressed.

The quick and dirty way is to pick door number 2 and modify the event queue. Using TMON, the location of the key modifiers are readily apparent. (Snoop around at $174 and start pressing keys.) Just change a byte here and there, and presto, the keydown “c” event is turned into a Command “C” copy event. The same technique can be used when replacing text, by posting a Command “V” for paste. You just select a menu item, Edit Extender posts a Command “C,” and the text is sitting in the clipboard ready for manipulation.

At this point, things begin to get a bit murky. If you were to implement the above method in a desk accessory, you’d see the menu bar flash, signalling the Command “C” had been posted, but no text would be copied into the clipboard. What’s going on here? The solution is a matter of timing. The DA has to tell the operating system that it’s finished, have the application take control again to do the copy, and then signal it wants to take control again. This can be accomplished with the desk accessory’s csCode parameter. Just pass in an integer in the accRun message and branch as required. With the timing problem solved, Edit Extender worked great. I now had some of my favorite features up and running. Then I was in for a rude surprise. Out of curiosity, I decided to try running it with MacWrite and Microsoft Word. It didn’t work at all. Something strange was going on. The DA worked fine with MPW, Lightspeed C, miniEdit, and QUED, but fell flat on its face when it came to “real” word processors.

Private Scraps

Despite having the same purpose, when it comes to using the clipboard and copying and pasting, text editors and word processors are two different critters. Most word processors that do any kind of text formatting (bolding, underlining, italicizing, etc.) keep the text they are dealing with in what “Inside Macintosh” refers to as a “private scrap.” This is simply a private clipboard where the application stores text and formatting information for internal use. For the sake of speed and efficiency, when the user selects some text and copies or cuts it, more than likely it’s going to end up someplace other than the desk scrap. On the other hand, virtually every text editor that deals strictly with text, will use the desk scrap for storage. This is why you can access copied text through the clipboard from the Lightspeed or MPW editor, but not from MacWrite or Word.

The Scrap Manager section of “Inside Macintosh” enlightens you to the fact that it is good and required programming etiquette for an application to transfer its private scrap to the common access desk scrap whenever a user quits the program or when a desk accessory becomes active. In doing so, formatted data should be converted into a form readable by either another application or the desk accessory. That means text turns it into a type ‘TEXT’ resource (simply a series of ASCII characters), graphics become a ‘PICT’ type, and optionally, any formatted information can be kept with its own unique resource type.

I fought off the temptation to cop-out and use Edit Extender exclusively with text editors. After all, it might be nice to have it work with word processors or even desktop publishing applications. So, what determines if a desk accessory is activated or not? Simple, if a window that is owned by the DA is brought to the front and becomes the active window, the desk accessory becomes activated. If another non-DA window comes to the front, the DA is deactivated. Not wanting to splash an ugly window on the screen, I decided to make my window appear offscreen at the upper left corner. Now when Edit Extender got a command, it brought the offscreen window to the front, the application received a message that a DA had become active and converted its private scrap into the desk scrap. The DA goes away, and presto, text now awaits us in the desk scrap.

With the window code working, Edit Extender was in business with MacWrite. With the exception of one small detail. If you had some formatted text (say italicized Geneva 10) selected, and used Edit Extender to capitalize it, when it was pasted back in, it came back as Geneva 12 plain. Clearly a case of WYDWISYG (What you don’t want is what you get!). Remember that when the private scrap is converted, it can also place formatted data in the desk scrap. That’s exactly what MacWrite is doing. In addition to the ‘TEXT’ resource, MacWrite is placing a ‘MWRT’ resource in the desk scrap that contains the text with formatting information. When MacWrite pastes back in, it will first look in the scrap for a ‘MWRT’ resource, and if it’s there, paste it in with all formatting intact. If there’s none to be found, ‘TEXT’ will be pasted in at Geneva 12. The solution to this problem is to get the clipboard format of the ‘MWRT’ text. In this case, look at Tech Note #13, MacWrite Clipboard Format. Although this version of Edit Extender doesn’t support formatted text, to do so would be fairly trivial. After you’ve posted the copy event, just scan the desk scrap for a resource with the type ‘MWRT.’ If you find it, then based on the data structure, go in and find the text and manipulate it.

Microsoft machinations

Hmmm. Now it was working with MacWrite, but wasn’t with Word. Ack! The simple DA was turning into a frustrating programming exercise. Oh well, when in doubt, get your debugger out. TMON revealed an interesting characteristic in Word. In addition to requiring the desk accessory to be activated, it also needed a Copy (Command “C”) or Paste (Command “V”) event before it would convert its private scrap to the desk scrap. Picky, picky, picky. After sliding in the appropriate code, and seeing no problems with using it for other applications, Edit Extender now seemed to work just fine. (Be advised though, that unlike MacWrite, the current version 3.0_whatever doesn’t place any formatted text into the clipboard. Rumor has it that future versions will place RTF into the desk scrap along with unformatted text.)

MultiFinder considerations

With any desk accessory that interacts directly with an application, you need to keep in mind MultiFinder and its buddy the DA Handler. Since Mr. DA Handler treats a desk accessory like an individual program, I was expecting some major complications. I know, Apple says to write small applications instead of DAs, but I still like interactive desk accessories. Fortunately in their infinite wisdom, the creators of MultiFinder left a nice loophole for DAs like Edit Extender. The solution is to hold down the Option key when initially selecting and launching the desk accessory. That means click on the apple menu, hold down the Option key, and select the DA. (If you hold down the option key before you select the apple menu, MultiFinder won’t display any DAs.) This little known technique bypasses the DA Handler, and installs Edit Extender (or any other DA for that matter) directly into the application’s heap.

(MultiFinder Caveats: In using the Option key method be aware of two things. (1) If you get out of memory errors, quit the program and increase the application’s memory size. (2) This technique allows you to run the desk accessory within only one application at a time. If you wanted to run Edit Extender in (i.e) MacWrite and PageMaker at the same time, just create a duplicate of Edit Extender and use ResEdit to give it a different DRVR resource name. Font DA/Mover will give it a unique resource I.D. when you install it, and you’ll be set.)

Conclusion

Edit Extender was built so I could have some features available no matter which Mac editor I had to use. It demonstrates some neat tricks like posting copy and paste events and converting text for DA use. But for the most part, it’s pretty much of a base to work off of. I included my pet features, and with a bit of coding, so can you. Some other options that could easily be incorporated include: sorting, search and replace, paragraph numbering, selected text printing, or indexing. Happy editor constructing!

Figure 1. Project


Listing EditExtender.c

/*  
 Edit Extender Desk Accessory
 for MacTutor Magazine
 June 1, 1988
 by Joel McNamara, Satori Software  
*/
/* the required stuff... */
#include “EventMgr.h”
#include “MenuMgr.h”
#include “MemoryMgr.h”
#include “FontMgr.h”
#include “FileMgr.h”
#include “DeviceMgr.h”
#include “DialogMgr.h”
#include “IntlPkg.h”
#include “StdFilePkg.h”

/* the globals... */
int     ALREADY_OPEN = 0;
intCONDITION = 0;
intRUNCODE = 0;
DCtlPtr DCE;
GrafPtr SAVEPORT;
MenuHandleTHE_MENUHANDLE;

/* the constants... */
/* routine returns correct resource number for the driver */
#define RsrcID(id) (0xC000 + (~DCE->dCtlRefNum << 5) + id)
/* the dialogs */
#define AboutDLOG0
#define CountsDLOG 1
#define MessageDLOG2
/* counts DITL items */
#define CharItem 2
#define WordsItem3
#define SentenceItem 4
#define ParagraphItem5
/* the fake window */
#define FakeWIND 0
/* run code commands */
#define UpperCaseCOND1
#define LowerCaseCOND2
#define ReverseCaseCOND 3
#define CapitalizeCOND  4
#define CountsCOND 5
#define TextCOND 6
#define DateCOND 7
#define TimeCOND 8
/* STR# error messages */
#define ListSTR  0
#define MemoryMSG1
#define GenericMSG 2
#define CreateMSG3
#define OpenMSG  4
#define WriteMSG 5
#define SelectMSG6
/* menu items */
#define AboutITEM1
#define UpperITEM3
#define LowerITEM4
#define ReverseITEM5
#define CapitalITEM6
#define DateITEM 8
#define TimeITEM 9
#define CountsITEM  11
#define TextITEM    13
#define QuitITEM    15
 /* DA messages */
#define OpenMessage0
#define ControlMessage  2
#define CloseMessage 4

/* let’s start... */ 
main(controlParam, dControl, message)
cntrlParam *controlParam;
DCtlPtr dControl;
short message;
{
 EvQEl  tempQElement;
 
 if ((dControl->dCtlStorage) == 0) {
 SysBeep(5);
 if (message == OpenMessage) {
 SysBeep(5);
 Display(MemoryMSG);
 CloseDriver(dControl->dCtlRefNum);
 }
 return(0);
 }
 DCE = dControl;
 switch (message) {
 case OpenMessage:
 DoOpen();
 break;
 
 case ControlMessage:
 switch (controlParam->csCode) {
   /* who needs to be in control */
 case accRun:
 if ((RUNCODE != 0) && (OSEventAvail(keyDownMask,
 &tempQElement) == 0))
 DoRuncode(RUNCODE);
 break;
 
 case accMenu:
 DoMenu(controlParam->csParam[1]);
 break;
 
 case goodBye:
 DoGoodBye();
 break;
 }
 break;
 
 case CloseMessage:
 DoClose();
 break;
 } 
return(0);
}

/* open the DA */
DoOpen()
{
 DCE->dCtlFlags |= dNeedLock| dNeedGoodBye|dCtlEnable|dNeedTime;
 
 DCE->dCtlDelay = 15;
 DCE->dCtlMenu = RsrcID(0);
 if (ALREADY_OPEN)
 return;
 
 RUNCODE = 0;  
 ALREADY_OPEN = 1;
 THE_MENUHANDLE = GetMenu( DCE->dCtlMenu);
 (*THE_MENUHANDLE)->menuID = DCE->dCtlMenu;
 InsertMenu(THE_MENUHANDLE,0);
 DrawMenuBar();
}

/* handle any menu items */
DoMenu(theItem)
inttheItem;
{
 switch (theItem)
 {
 case AboutITEM:
 DoAbout();
 break;
 
 case UpperITEM:
 DoCopy();
 CONDITION = UpperCaseCOND;
 break;
 
 case LowerITEM:
 DoCopy();
 CONDITION = LowerCaseCOND;
 break;
 
 case ReverseITEM:
 DoCopy();
 CONDITION = ReverseCaseCOND;
 break;
 
 case CapitalITEM:
 DoCopy();
 CONDITION = CapitalizeCOND;
 break;
 
 case DateITEM:
 SetRuncode();
 CONDITION = DateCOND;
 break;
 
 case TimeITEM:
 SetRuncode();
 CONDITION = TimeCOND;
 break;
 
 case CountsITEM:
 DoCopy();
 CONDITION = CountsCOND;
 break;
 
 case TextITEM:
 DoCopy();
 CONDITION = TextCOND;
 break;
 
 case QuitITEM:  
 DoClose();
 break;
 
 default:
 break;
 }
 HiliteMenu(0);
}

/* about us */
DoAbout()
{
 DialogPtr theDialog;
 int dummy;
 
 theDialog = GetNewDialog(RsrcID(AboutDLOG),0,-1);
 ModalDialog(0, &dummy);
 DisposDialog(theDialog);
}

/* close everything up */
DoClose()
{
 DeleteMenu(DCE->dCtlMenu);
 DisposeMenu(THE_MENUHANDLE);
 ALREADY_OPEN = 0;
 DCE->dCtlMenu = 0;
 DCE->dCtlWindow = 0;
 DrawMenuBar();
}

/* good bye... */
DoGoodBye()
{
 DCE->dCtlMenu = 0;
 DCE->dCtlWindow = 0;
}

/* do a control c */
DoCopy()
{
 struct keys{
 long charCode;
 long modifiers;
 } *keysPtr;
 long len;
 
 GetPort(&SAVEPORT);
 len = ZeroScrap();
 keysPtr = (struct keys*)0x174;    
 keysPtr->charCode = 0x00000000;
 keysPtr->modifiers = 0x00008000;
 PostEvent(3,67);
 keysPtr->charCode = 0x00000000;
 keysPtr->modifiers = 0x00000000;
 RUNCODE = 1;
}

/* get the DA’s attention */
SetRuncode()
{
 RUNCODE = 1;
}

/* handle any run codes */
DoRuncode(myRunCode)
short myRunCode;
{
 switch (myRunCode)
 {
 case 1: /* bring up the dummy window */
 DCE->dCtlWindow = GetNewWindow(RsrcID(FakeWIND),0,-1);
 ((WindowPeek)(DCE->dCtlWindow))->windowKind = DCE->dCtlRefNum;
 SetPort(DCE->dCtlWindow);
 RUNCODE = 2;
 break;
 
 case 2: /* do a paste event */
 PostPaste();
 RUNCODE = 3;
 break;
 
 case 3: /* now deal with our commands */
 DoText();
 break;
 
 default:
 break;
 }
}

/* here’s where we do our edit commands */
DoText()
{
 long   len;
 long   myOffset;
 long   loop;
 long   temp;
 long   theSecs;
 Handle myHandle;
 Handle newHandle;
 Handle theHandle;
 Rect   itemRect;
 int    sentences;
 int    paragraphs;
 int    words;
 int    chars;
 int    itemType;
 int    tempInt;
 char   myChar;
 char   prevChar;
 DialogPtrtheDialog;
 Ptr    myPtr;
 Str255 numStr;
 Str255 timeStr;
 
 RUNCODE = 0;    
 myHandle = NewHandle(0);
 
 len = GetScrap(myHandle,’TEXT’,&myOffset);
 if ((len <= 0) && (CONDITION <= CapitalizeCOND))
 /* nothing’s in the scrap */
 {
 SysBeep(5);
 Display(SelectMSG);
 DisposeWindow(DCE->dCtlWindow);
 DCE->dCtlWindow = 0;
 SetPort(SAVEPORT);
 }
 else
 { 
 if (CONDITION < CountsCOND)
 /* do we need a handle for manipulation? */
 newHandle = NewHandle(GetHandleSize(myHandle));
 
 switch (CONDITION)
 {
 /* the upper routine */
 case UpperCaseCOND:
 for (loop = 0; loop <= (GetHandleSize(myHandle)); loop++) 
 *(((char *)(*newHandle)) + loop) = toupper(*((char *)((long)(*myHandle) 
+ loop)));
 break;
 
 /* the lower case routine */
 case LowerCaseCOND:
 for (loop = 0; loop <= (GetHandleSize(myHandle)); loop++) 
 *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop)) = tolower(*((char *)((long)(*myHandle) 
+ loop)));
 break;
 
 /* the reverse case routine */
 case ReverseCaseCOND:
 for (loop = 0; loop <= (GetHandleSize(myHandle)); loop++) {
 if (isupper(*((char *)((long)(*myHandle) + loop))))  
 *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop)) = tolower(*((char *)((long)(*myHandle) 
+ loop)));
 else
 if (islower(*((char *)((long)(*myHandle) + (long)loop))))  
 *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop)) = toupper(*((char *)((long)(*myHandle) 
+ loop)));
 else
 *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop)) = 
 *((char *)((long) (*myHandle) + loop));     
 }
 break;
 
 /* the capitalization routine */  
 case CapitalizeCOND:
 prevChar = (char)’x’;
 for (loop = 0; loop <= (GetHandleSize(myHandle)); loop++)
 { 
 if (loop == 0)
 {
 *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop)) = 
 toupper(*((char *)((long)(*myHandle) + loop)));
 prevChar = *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop));
 }
 else
 {
 if ((prevChar == ‘ ‘) || (prevChar == ‘\r’) ||
 (prevChar == ‘\t’)) 
 *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop)) = 
 toupper(*((char *)((long)(*myHandle) + loop)));
 else
 *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop)) = 
 *((char *)((long)(*myHandle) + loop));
 prevChar = *((char *)((long)(*newHandle) + loop));
 }
 } 
 break;
 
 /* a simplistic wc */
 case CountsCOND:
 chars = sentences = paragraphs = words = 0;
 
 myPtr = *myHandle;
 for (temp = 0; temp <= len; temp++)
 {
 myChar = *((char *)((long)myPtr + temp));
 chars++;

 if (myChar == ‘\r’)
 paragraphs++;
 
 if (myChar == ‘.’ || myChar == ‘!’ || myChar == ‘?’)
 sentences++;
 
 if (myChar == ‘ ‘ || myChar == ‘\t’ || myChar == ‘\r’)
 words++;
 } 
 
 InitCursor();   
 theDialog = GetNewDialog(RsrcID(CountsDLOG),0,-1);
 SetPort(theDialog);

 NumToString(chars - paragraphs,numStr);
GetDItem(theDialog,CharItem,&itemType,&theHandle,&itemRect); 
 SetIText(theHandle,numStr);
 NumToString(words,numStr);
GetDItem(theDialog,WordsItem,&itemType,&theHandle,&itemRect); 
 SetIText(theHandle,numStr);
 NumToString(sentences,numStr);
GetDItem(theDialog,SentenceItem,&itemType,&theHandle,&itemRect); 
 SetIText(theHandle,numStr);
 NumToString(paragraphs,numStr);
GetDItem(theDialog,ParagraphItem,&itemType,&theHandle,&itemRect); 
 SetIText(theHandle,numStr);
 
 ModalDialog(0,&tempInt);
 CloseDialog(theDialog);
 break;
 
 /* text to save condition */ 
 case TextCOND:
 Extract(myHandle);
 break;
 
 /* display date condition */ 
 case DateCOND:
 GetDateTime(&theSecs);
 IUDateString(theSecs,longDate,&timeStr);
 PtoCstr(timeStr);
 ZeroScrap();
 PutScrap(strlen(timeStr),’TEXT’,&timeStr);
 PostPaste();
 break;
 
 /* display time condition */
 case TimeCOND:
 GetDateTime(&theSecs);
 IUTimeString(theSecs,TRUE,&timeStr);
 PtoCstr(timeStr);
 ZeroScrap();
 PutScrap(strlen(timeStr),’TEXT’,&timeStr);
 PostPaste();
 break;
 
 default:
 break;
 }
 
 DisposeWindow(DCE->dCtlWindow);
 DCE->dCtlWindow = 0;
 SetPort(SAVEPORT);
 
 if (CONDITION < CountsCOND)
 /* then we need to paste in the new stuff */
 {
 ZeroScrap();
 PutScrap(GetHandleSize(myHandle),’TEXT’,*newHandle);
 DisposHandle(newHandle);
 PostPaste();  
 } 
 } 
 DisposHandle(myHandle);
 CONDITION = 0;
}

/* do a paste event */
PostPaste()
{
 struct keys{
 long charCode;
 long modifiers;
 } *keysPtr;
 
 keysPtr = (struct keys*)0x174;    
 keysPtr->charCode = 0x00000000;
 keysPtr->modifiers = 0x00008000;
 PostEvent(3,86);
 keysPtr->charCode = 0x00000000;
 keysPtr->modifiers = 0x00000000;
}

/* error message display */
Display(theIndex)
int theIndex;
{
 DialogPtr theDialog;
 int    dummy;
 Str255 theMessage;
 
 GetIndString(&theMessage,RsrcID(ListSTR),theIndex);
 InitCursor();
 theDialog = GetNewDialog(RsrcID(MessageDLOG),0,-1);
 ParamText(theMessage,”\p”,”\p”,”\p”); 
 ModalDialog(0,&dummy);
 DisposDialog(theDialog);
}

/* save selected text to a file */
Extract(myHandle)
Handle myHandle;
{
 SFReply myReply;
 Point  myLoc;
 int    errCode, refNum;
 long   theCount;
 
 myLoc.v = 90;
 myLoc.h = 90;
 
 HLock(myHandle);
 SFPutFile(myLoc,”\pSave selected text to:”,”\pUntitled”,0L,&myReply);
 
 if (myReply.good)
 {
   errCode = Create(myReply.fName,myReply.vRefNum,’EDIT’,’TEXT’);
   if (errCode != noErr);
   {
 if (errCode == dupFNErr) {
 FSDelete(myReply.fName,myReply.vRefNum);
 errCode = Create(myReply.fName,myReply.vRefNum, ’EDIT’,’TEXT’);
           }
        else if (errCode != noErr) { 
 Display(CreateMSG);
 HUnlock(myHandle);
 return;
 }
 }
 
 if (FSOpen(myReply.fName,myReply.vRefNum,&refNum) != noErr) {
 Display(OpenMSG);
 FSClose(refNum);
 HUnlock(myHandle);
 return;
 }
 
 theCount = GetHandleSize(myHandle);
     if (FSWrite(refNum,&theCount,*myHandle) != noErr) {
 Display(WriteMSG);
 FSClose(refNum);
 HUnlock(myHandle);
 return;
        }
        
     FSClose(refNum);
 }
 HUnlock(myHandle);
}

/* just in case your compiler doesn’t already have these...
   otherwise, leave them out... */
strlen(s)
register char *s;
{
 char *s0 = s;
 
 while (*s++);
 return (s-s0-1);
}

inttoupper(c)
char  c;
{
 return((c>=’a’) && (c<=’z’) ? (c-32) : c);
}

inttolower(c)
char  c;
{
 return((c>=’A’) && (c<=’Z’) ? (c+32) : c);
}

intisupper(c)
char c;
{
 return((c>=’A’) && (c<=’Z’));
}

intislower(c)
char c;
{
return((c>=’a’) && (c<=’z’));
}
Listing:  EditExtender.r

* resource file for Edit Extender DA
* by Joel McNamara
* for MacTutor Magazine
* June 1, 1988

EditExtender.rsrc

TYPE DLOG
 ,-16000
blah blah
54 74 190 452
Visible NoGoAway
1
0
-16000

TYPE DLOG
 ,-15999
Counts
264 20 330 494
Visible NoGoAway
0
0
-15999

TYPE DLOG
 ,-15998
info
68 120 152 408
Visible NoGoAway
1
0
-15998

TYPE DITL
 ,-16000
4
staticText Disabled
4 10 22 330
Edit Extender version 1.0 - by Joel McNamara

button
109 274 129 353
OK

staticText Disabled
112 7 129 210
For MacTutor Magazine

staticText Disabled
30 21 96 364
Edit Extender is a series of helpful tools, not found in all text editors. 
 Use the Edit Extender DA to change, insert, and analyze selected text 
in your documents.

TYPE DITL
 ,-15999
10
button
32 367 51 443
OK

staticText Disabled
7 89 27 149
999999

staticText Disabled
32 88 52 149
999999

staticText Disabled
32 257 52 318
999999

staticText Disabled
7 257 27 318
999999

staticText Disabled
7 8 27 87
Characters:

staticText Disabled
32 8 52 56
Words:

staticText Disabled
32 171 52 246
Sentences:

staticText Disabled
7 171 27 255
Paragraphs:

staticText Disabled
6 346 25 463
Text Information

TYPE DITL
 ,-15998
3
button
60 195 79 263
OK

staticText Disabled
8 49 56 272
^0

iconItem Disabled
8 8 40 40
0

TYPE WIND
 ,-16000
Dummy
-40 -40 -20 -20
Visible NoGoAway
0
0

TYPE MENU
 ,-16000
§
About Edit Extender...
(-
Upper case
Lower case
Reverse case
Capitalize
(-
Current date
Current time
(-
Counts...
(-
Save selection as...
(-
Quit

TYPE STR#
 ,-16000)
6
Sorry, not enough memory for Edit Extender to run.
Generic error!
Sorry, couldn’t create the text file.
Sorry, couldn’t open the text file you just created.
Sorry, couldn’t write the selected text to a text file.
You must have text selected before performing a Edit Extender command.

 

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Numi is a calculator that magically combines calculations with text, and allows you to freely share your computations. Numi combines text editor and calculator Support plain English. For example, '5... Read more
Airmail 3.3.2 - Powerful, minimal email...
Airmail is an mail client with fast performance and intuitive interaction. Support for iCloud, MS Exchange, Gmail, Google Apps, IMAP, POP3, Yahoo!, AOL, Outlook.com, Live.com. Airmail was designed... Read more
Numi 3.15.1 - Menu-bar calculator suppor...
Numi is a calculator that magically combines calculations with text, and allows you to freely share your computations. Numi combines text editor and calculator Support plain English. For example, '5... Read more
TextSoap 8.4.1 - Automate tedious text d...
TextSoap can automatically remove unwanted characters, fix up messed up carriage returns, and do pretty much anything else that we can think of to text. Save time and effort. Be more productive. Stop... Read more
TextSoap 8.4.1 - Automate tedious text d...
TextSoap can automatically remove unwanted characters, fix up messed up carriage returns, and do pretty much anything else that we can think of to text. Save time and effort. Be more productive. Stop... Read more
Backblaze 4.3.0.44 - Online backup servi...
Backblaze is an online backup service designed from the ground-up for the Mac. With unlimited storage available for $5 per month, as well as a free 15-day trial, peace of mind is within reach with... Read more
Numi 3.15 - Menu-bar calculator supports...
Numi is a calculator that magically combines calculations with text, and allows you to freely share your computations. Numi combines text editor and calculator Support plain English. For example, '5... Read more
EtreCheck 3.3.3 - For troubleshooting yo...
EtreCheck is an app that displays the important details of your system configuration and allow you to copy that information to the Clipboard. It is meant to be used with Apple Support Communities to... Read more
BusyContacts 1.1.8 - Fast, efficient con...
BusyContacts is a contact manager for OS X that makes creating, finding, and managing contacts faster and more efficient. It brings to contact management the same power, flexibility, and sharing... Read more

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The best new games we played this week
We were quite busy this week. A bunch of big mobile games launched over the past few days, alongside a few teeny surprises. There're lots of quality games to load your phone with. We've gone and picked out five of our favorites for the week. [... | Read more »
Magikarp Jump beginner's guide
Magikarp Jump is a mystifying little game. Part Tamagotchi, part idle clicker, there's not a whole lot of video game there, per se, but for some reason we can't help coming back to it again and again. Your goal is to train up a little Magikarp to... | Read more »
Goat Simulator PAYDAY (Games)
Goat Simulator PAYDAY 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: ** IMPORTANT - SUPPORTED DEVICES **iPhone 4S, iPad 2, iPod Touch 5 or better Goat Simulator: Payday is the most... | Read more »
GRID Autosport delayed until autumn
Sorry mobile racing fans -- GRID Autosport has been delayed a few months. The game is now expected to launch this fall on iOS. Feral Interactive announced that they wanted more time to work on the game's UI and overall performance before launching... | Read more »
Zombie Gunship Survival Beginner's...
The much anticipated Zombie Gunship Survival is here. In this latest entry in the Zombie Gunship franchise, you're tasked with supporting ground troops and protecting your base from the zombie horde. There's a lot of rich base building fun, and... | Read more »
Mordheim: Warband Skirmish (Games)
Mordheim: Warband Skirmish 1.2.2 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $3.99, Version: 1.2.2 (iTunes) Description: Explore the ruins of the City of Mordheim, clash with other scavenging warbands and collect Wyrdstone -... | Read more »
Mordheim: Warband Skirmish brings tablet...
Legendary Games has just launched Mordheim: Warband Skirmish, a new turn-based action game for iOS and Android. | Read more »
Magikarp Jump splashes onto Android worl...
If you're tired ofPokémon GObut still want something to satisfy your mobilePokémon fix,Magikarp Jumpmay just do the trick. It's out now on Android devices the world over. While it looks like a simple arcade jumper, there's quite a bit more to it... | Read more »
Purrfectly charming open-world RPG Cat Q...
Cat Quest, an expansive open-world RPG from former Koei-Tecmo developers, got a new gameplay trailer today. The video showcases the combat and exploration features of this feline-themed RPG. Cat puns abound as you travel across a large map in a... | Read more »
Jaipur: A Card Game of Duels (Games)
Jaipur: A Card Game of Duels 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: ** WARNING: iPad 2, iPad Mini 1 & iPhone 4S are NOT compatible. ** *** Special Launch Price for a limited... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Memorial Day savings: 13-inch Touch Bar MacBo...
B&H Photo has the 2016 Apple 13″ Touch Bar MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY & NJ sales tax only: - 13″ 2.9GHz/512GB... Read more
Apple refurbished 13-inch MacBook Airs availa...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2016 13″ MacBook Airs available starting at $849. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is free: - 13″ 1.6GHz/8GB/128GB MacBook Air: $... Read more
Apple restocks refurbished 11-inch MacBook Ai...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 11″ MacBook Airs (the latest models recently discontinued by Apple), available for up to $170 off original MSRP. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each... Read more
12-inch 1.2GHz Retina MacBooks on sale for up...
B&H has 12″ 1.2GHz Retina MacBooks on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY & NJ sales tax only: - 12″ 1.2GHz Space Gray Retina MacBook: $1449.99 $150 off... Read more
15-inch 2.7GHz Silver Touch Bar MacBook Pro o...
MacMall has the 15-inch 2.7GHz Silver Touch Bar MacBook Pro (MLW82LL/A) on sale for $2569 as part of their Memorial Day sale. Shipping is free. Their price is $230 off MSRP. Read more
Free Tread Wisely Mobile App Endorsed By Fath...
Just in time for the summer driving season, Cooper Tire & Rubber Company has announced the launch of a new Tread Wisely mobile app. Designed to promote tire and vehicle safety among teens and... Read more
Commercial Notebooks And Detachable Tablets W...
Worldwide shipments of personal computing devices (PCDs), comprised of traditional PCs (a combination of desktop, notebook, and workstations) and tablets (slates and detachables), are forecast to... Read more
Best value this Memorial Day weekend: Touch B...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2016 15″ and 13″ MacBook Pros available for $230 to $420 off original MSRP. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free: - 15″ 2.6GHz... Read more
13-inch MacBook Airs on sale for up to $130 o...
Overstock.com has 13″ MacBook Airs on sale for up to $130 off MSRP including free shipping: - 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air (sku MMGF2LL/A): $869.99 $130 off MSRP - 13″ 1.6GHz/256GB MacBook Air (sku... Read more
2.8GHz Mac mini available for $973 with free...
Adorama has the 2.8GHz Mac mini available for $973, $16 off MSRP, including a free copy of Apple’s 3-Year AppleCare Protection Plan. Shipping is free, and Adorama charges sales tax in NY & NJ... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Media Products - Commerce Engineerin...
Apple Media Products - Commerce Engineering Manager Job Number: 57037480 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: Apr. 18, 2017 Weekly Hours: 40.00 Job Read more
*Apple* Media Products - Commerce Engineerin...
Apple Media Products - Commerce Engineering Manager Job Number: 57037480 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: Apr. 18, 2017 Weekly Hours: 40.00 Job Read more
Best Buy *Apple* Computing Master - Best Bu...
**509643BR** **Job Title:** Best Buy Apple Computing Master **Location Number:** 001482- Apple Valley-Store **Job Description:** **What does a Best Buy Apple Read more
*Apple* Media Products - Commerce Engineerin...
Apple Media Products - Commerce Engineering Manager Job Number: 57037480 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: Apr. 18, 2017 Weekly Hours: 40.00 Job Read more
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