TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Mar 89 Letters
Volume Number:5
Issue Number:3
Column Tag:Letters

Letters

By David E. Smith, Editor & Publisher, MacTutor

INIT29 & Hpat Virsus Wanted!

Steve Sequist is requesting an infected disk with the new INIT29 and Hpat (nVir type) virus so he can update last month's Security Patrol anit-virus program to detect and destroy them. If you have one or both, please send an infected disk, clearly marked with a skull and crossbones, to MacTutor, PO Box 400, Placentia, CA 92670, attn: Virus! -Ed

Watch Cursor Revisited

Jan Eugenides

Waterbury Center, VT

David Stoops’ Animated Cursors from the December issue was interesting, but it had two deficiencies:

1) It was hard-coded for eight cursors, instead of obtaining the real number of cursors from the ‘acur’ resource,

2) It used SetUpA5 and RestoreA5, which should no longer be used.

I recoded the example in MPW C 3.0b1, with the modifications, and here is the result. I also changed to an ‘acur’ resource with an ID of 128, so as not to conflict with any system resources. The Rez source code for the watch ‘acur’ and the associated cursors are as follows:

/* 1 */

#include <Types.h>
#include <Resources.h>
#include <QuickDraw.h>
#include <OSUtils.h>
#include <Retrace.h>
#include <Memory.h>
#include <ToolUtils.h>
#include <Strings.h>
#include <Errors.h>

typedef struct {
 short  numCurs; /*number of cursor “frames” */
 short  whichCur;/*used as “frame” counter*/
 CursHandle Curs[1]; /*can actually be any number of cursors here*/
 }acur;
typedef acur*acurPtr,**acurHandle;

static acurHandleCurList;
static VBLTask   VBL;

pascal void AnimateWatch()  /*the VBL routine*/
{
long    oldA5;

oldA5 = SetCurrentA5();
if((*CurList)->whichCur >= (*CurList)->numCurs-1 )
 (*CurList)->whichCur = 0;
else
 (*CurList)->whichCur ++;
SetCursor(*((*CurList)->Curs[(*CurList)->whichCur]));
VBL.vblCount = 10;
SetA5(oldA5);
}

InitWatch()
{
short   curCount;

CurList = (acurHandle)GetResource(‘acur’,128);
for(curCount = 0; curCount < (*CurList)->numCurs; curCount++)
 (*CurList)->Curs[curCount] = GetCursor(HiWord((long)(*CurList)->Curs[curCount]));
(*CurList)->whichCur = 0;
}
StartWatch()
{
OSErr   err;

VBL.qType = vType;
VBL.vblAddr = (VBLProcPtr)AnimateWatch;
VBL.vblCount = 10;
VBL.vblPhase = 0;
err = VInstall((QElemPtr)&VBL);
}

StopWatch()
{
OSErr err;

err = VRemove((QElemPtr)&VBL);
}
/* 2 */

#include “types.r”

data ‘acur’ (128, locked, preload) {
 $”00 08 00 00 01 00 00 00 01 01 00 00 01 02 00 00"
 $”01 03 00 00 01 04 00 00 01 05 00 00 01 06 00 00"
 $”01 07 00 00"
};
resource ‘CURS’ (263, locked, preload) {
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 40 80 80 40 90 40 88 60"
 $”9C 60 80 40 80 40 40 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 7F 80 FF C0 FF C0 FF C0"
 $”FF C0 FF C0 FF C0 7F 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 {8, 8}
};
resource ‘CURS’ (262, locked, preload) {
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 40 80 80 40 80 40 80 60"
 $”BC 60 80 40 80 40 40 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 7F 80 FF C0 FF C0 FF C0"
 $”FF C0 FF C0 FF C0 7F 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 {8, 8}
};
resource ‘CURS’ (261, locked, preload) {
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 40 80 80 40 80 40 80 60"
 $”9C 60 88 40 90 40 40 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 7F 80 FF C0 FF C0 FF C0"
 $”FF C0 FF C0 FF C0 7F 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 {8, 8}
};
resource ‘CURS’ (260, locked, preload) {
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 40 80 80 40 80 40 80 60"
 $”9C 60 84 40 84 40 40 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 7F 80 FF C0 FF C0 FF C0"
 $”FF C0 FF C0 FF C0 7F 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 {8, 8}
};
resource ‘CURS’ (259, locked, preload) {
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 40 80 80 40 80 40 80 60"
 $”9C 60 82 40 80 40 40 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 7F 80 FF C0 FF C0 FF C0"
 $”FF C0 FF C0 FF C0 7F 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 {8, 8}
};
resource ‘CURS’ (258, locked, preload) {
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 40 80 80 40 80 40 80 60"
 $”9F 60 80 40 80 40 40 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 7F 80 FF C0 FF C0 FF C0"
 $”FF C0 FF C0 FF C0 7F 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 {8, 8}
};
resource ‘CURS’ (257, locked, preload) {
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 40 80 80 40 81 40 82 60"
 $”9C 60 80 40 80 40 40 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 7F 80 FF C0 FF C0 FF C0"
 $”FF C0 FF C0 FF C0 7F 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 {8, 8}
};
resource ‘CURS’ (256, locked, preload) {
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 40 80 84 40 84 40 84 60"
 $”9C 60 80 40 80 40 40 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 $”3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 7F 80 FF C0 FF C0 FF C0"
 $”FF C0 FF C0 FF C0 7F 80 3F 00 3F 00 3F 00 3F”,
 {8, 8}
};

Animated Cursors Again

Erny Tontlinger

Steinfort, Luxembourg

Here are some comments to David Stoops’ Animated Cursors from the December 1988 Letters Column.

There is an error in the procedure InitWatch. The cursor id should be replaced by the cursor handle in the loop this:

/* 3 */

Watch[watchcount] := GetCursor(HiWord(longint(Watch[watchcount])));

The correct structure of a ‘acur’ resource is:

/* 4 */

acur = record
 frames: integer; {Number of frames(cursors) }
 whichWatch : integer;
 Watch : array[1..99] of CursHandle
 { size depends on frames }
end;

Then instead of using a fixed number of eight cursors, use Watch^^.frames, which happens to be eight for the Finder.

The ‘acur’ and ‘CURS’ resources should be locked, otherwise the VBL task runs into troubles with the memory Manager. The Finder uses the ‘CURS’ id 4 (classic watch cursor), which in the System file is not locked. This cursor is also in ROM, from the Mac Plus machines on, so it would be good to set RomMapInsert to mapTrue before calling GetCursor.

SetUpA5 and RestoreA5 might not work as expected under MultiFinder. The value of A5 should be placed in a position, other than CurrentA5 in low memory globals, where the application can find it from within the VBL task. See “Programmer’s Guide to MultiFinder” (APDA# KMB017) the chapter “The A5 world/VBL tasks”.

Now something different. Why is it so difficult to print READABLE program listing in MacTutor? Your desktop publishing program seems to have problems with regular spaced tab positions. Anyhow I appreciate MacTutor very much. [Basically, we convert the source into WriteNow in a 3 1/2" width single column with tabs set at every eighth of an inch. Then we place it into PageMaker. Here is where a number of problems occur as you surmised. PageMaker doesn't exactly import tab information correctly and we have to manually fix it. -Ed]

More Animated Watch Cursors

Rob Terrell

Chapel Hill, NC

In the December issue, you printed a letter that showed how to animate the watch cursor as a VBL task, which I thought was strange since a few issues back you printed another letter that gave a very good reason not to: a VBL task can go on and on while the application has crashed, and the poor user will be stuck thinking everything is okay.

A better way to implement the animated watch is through a unit that just takes a single call to increment the cursor. Support for this exists in TML Pascal II; for those not fortunate as to own TML, here’s a unit that does essentially the same thing:

{5}

Unit WatchItSpin;
(*Make sure you have copied the ‘acur’ and ‘CURS’ *)
(* resources from the Finder into your application *)
(* ResEdit is quite handy for this *)

Interface

Uses MemTypes, QuickDraw, OSintf, Toolintf;

type
 aCur = record
 whichWatch : longint;
 watch : array[1..8] of CursHandle;
 end;
 acurPtr = ^ acur;
 acurHandle = ^acurPtr;
var
 currentWatch : integer;
 WatchList : acurHandle;

Procedure InitSpinner;
Procedure SpinWatch;

Implementation

Procedure InitSpinner;
var
 count : integer;
begin
 watchList := acurHandle(GetResource(‘acur’,0));
 with watchList^^ do begin
 for count := 1 to 8 do
 Watch[count] := GetCursor(HiWord(longint( Watch[count])));
 whichWatch := 0;
 end;
end; (* InitSpinner *)

Procedure SpinWatch;
begin
 with WatchList^^ do begin
 if whichWatch >= 8 then whichWatch := 1
 else whichWatch := whichWatch + 1;
 SetCursor(Watch[whichWatch]^^);
 end;
end; (* SpinWatch *)
end.

Most of this code was simply taken from David Stoops’ letter. However, to use this, you call InitSpinner when you initialize everything else at the beginning of your program; then you call SpinWatch each time through a loop or time-consuming process to increment it. Not quite as nice as having a VBL take care of it, but this way, if you crash, the hands will stop.

Correction to CompareString

Steve Brecher

Sunnyvale, CA

In John S. Stokes III's CompareString routine (Jan 89 Letters), use of the Ext.W instruction introduces an error:

 Move.B (A0),D1  ; length of the first string
 Ext..W D1; dbra uses word

Ext.W propagates the value in bit 15 of the register through bits 16..31. Therefore, it will not have the desired effect of clearing bits 8..15. Ext.B would not work either for cases in which the string length is greater than 127,i.e. , negative considered as a signed byte; in such cases Ext.B would set bits 8..15, making the unsigned word value very large. To convert an unsigned byte value to a word in a register, first clear the word and then move the byte into it:

;6

 Clr.W  D1
 Move.B (A0),D1

Often programmers will write MoveQ #0,Dn instead of Clr.W Dn when the value in the upper word of the register either needs to be cleared also or is not of concern. MoveQ is always a longword operation.

A corrected CompareString would look like this:

;7

; A0  --> Pascal string 1
; A1 --> Pascal string 2
; Returns D0.L=1 if equal, 0 if not equal
; Alters A0-A1

CompareString:
 MoveQ  #0,D0
 Move.B (A0),D0  ;gross len - 1
@0 Cmp.B(A0)+,(A1)+ ;loop until...
 DBne D0,@0 ;...not equal or end
 Seq  D0;D0 := $FF if equal, else 0
 Neg.B  D0;D0 := 1 if equal, else 0
 Rts

The Move.B instruction puts the length byte of string 1 into D0. We want to compare the entire string structures, including their length bytes. The length of the entire structure--the gross length--of a string is the the number of text bytes, plus one for the length byte. For a DBxx instruction, we want the gross length - 1, which is just the value of the length byte.

We use the DBne instruction to control the loop. DBxx will branch to the start of the loop if either the test condition (in this case, “ne”) is false or the loop count is exhausted. Thus DBxx should be read as “branch until xx or counter expired.” When control falls through the DBne, we use the Seq instruction to condition D0 to the result of the last Cmp.B; DBxx instructions do not alter the condition codes. If the strings (including their lengths) are equal, the result of the last Cmp.B will be “eq” and the DBne will have not branched because the D1 counter expired. If the length bytes or contents of the strings are not equal, the last Cmp.B result will have been “ne” and the DBne will have not branched because its “until” condition was met.

[Steve Brecher is a long time friend of MacTutor. We welcome his comments and hope to hear more from him in the coming months. -Ed]

 
AAPL
$98.38
Apple Inc.
-0.64
MSFT
$43.89
Microsoft Corpora
-0.09
GOOG
$585.61
Google Inc.
-4.99

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Drive Genius 3.2.4 - Powerful system uti...
Drive Genius is an OS X utility designed to provide unsurpassed storage management. Featuring an easy-to-use interface, Drive Genius is packed with powerful tools such as a drive optimizer, a... Read more
Vitamin-R 2.15 - Personal productivity t...
Vitamin-R creates the optimal conditions for your brain to work at its best by structuring your work into short bursts of distraction-free, highly focused activity alternating with opportunities for... Read more
Toast Titanium 12.0 - The ultimate media...
Toast Titanium goes way beyond the very basic burning in the Mac OS and iLife software, and sets the standard for burning CDs, DVDs, and now Blu-ray discs on the Mac. Create superior sounding audio... Read more
OS X Yosemite Wallpaper 1.0 - Desktop im...
OS X Yosemite Wallpaper is the gorgeous new background image for Apple's upcoming OS X 10.10 Yosemite. This wallpaper is available for all screen resolutions with a source file that measures 5,418... Read more
Acorn 4.4 - Bitmap image editor. (Demo)
Acorn is a new image editor built with one goal in mind - simplicity. Fast, easy, and fluid, Acorn provides the options you'll need without any overhead. Acorn feels right, and won't drain your bank... Read more
Bartender 1.2.20 - Organize your menu ba...
Bartender lets you organize your menu bar apps. Features: Lets you tidy your menu bar apps how you want. See your menu bar apps when you want. Hide the apps you need to run, but do not need to... Read more
TotalFinder 1.6.2 - Adds tabs, hotkeys,...
TotalFinder is a universally acclaimed navigational companion for your Mac. Enhance your Mac's Finder with features so smart and convenient, you won't believe you ever lived without them. Tab-based... Read more
Vienna 3.0.0 RC 2 :be5265e: - RSS and At...
Vienna is a freeware and Open-Source RSS/Atom newsreader with article storage and management via a SQLite database, written in Objective-C and Cocoa, for the OS X operating system. It provides... Read more
VLC Media Player 2.1.5 - Popular multime...
VLC Media Player is a highly portable multimedia player for various audio and video formats (MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, DivX, MP3, OGG, ...) as well as DVDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols. It... Read more
Default Folder X 4.6.7 - Enhances Open a...
Default Folder X attaches a toolbar to the right side of the Open and Save dialogs in any OS X-native application. The toolbar gives you fast access to various folders and commands. You just click... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Note Review
Note Review By Jennifer Allen on July 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: TOO SIMPLEiPhone App - Designed for the iPhone, compatible with the iPad Note is a note taking app that’s a little too short on features to be worth its asking price... | Read more »
Chainsaw Warrior Goes on Sale & Ther...
Chainsaw Warrior Goes on Sale & There’s a Chance to Win a Copy of the Original Board Game Posted by Jennifer Allen on July 29th, 2014 [ permalink | Read more »
It Came From Canada: Tiny Tower Vegas
If you go to a casino, you might make a lot of money. If you run a casino, you’re guaranteed to make a lot of money. The choice seems pretty obvious. So while waiting for your shady real estate deals to move forward, get prepared with Tiny Tower... | Read more »
Z Hunter Review
Z Hunter Review By Lee Hamlet on July 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: RIGHT ON TARGETUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad While it might not necessarily break new ground, Z Hunter has enough tricks up its sleeve to ensure that... | Read more »
Huge Update Comes To Duet, Adding 48 New...
Huge Update Comes To Duet, Adding 48 New Stages Posted by Jennifer Allen on July 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Sharknado: The Video Game Available Now....
Sharknado: The Video Game Available Now. Seriously. Posted by Rob Rich on July 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Frog Orbs 2 Review
Frog Orbs 2 Review By Nadia Oxford on July 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: THIS MAGIC IS A TAD MONOTONOUS Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Frog Orbs 2 is repetitive, but younger players should enjoy it nonetheless.   | Read more »
Puzzix Review
Puzzix Review By Jennifer Allen on July 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: NICE IDEAUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad A little like Tetris, Puzzix is all about piecing together blocks and watching them vanish. It could do with... | Read more »
Cannonball eMail is Now Live – Works Wit...
Cannonball eMail is Now Live – Works With Gmail, Yahoo, Outlook, Hotmail, and AOL Posted by Jessica Fisher on July 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
To The End Review
To The End Review By Lee Hamlet on July 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: A VICIOUS CYCLEUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad To The End will test players’ patience, timing, and dedication as they try to navigate all 13 levels in... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

The lowest prices on leftover Retina MacBook...
Best Buy has dropped prices on leftover 13″ and 15″ Retina MacBook Pros by up to $300 off original MSRP on their online store for a limited time. Choose free local store pickup (if available) or free... Read more
Apple Updates MacBook Pro with Retina Display...
Apple today updated its MacBook Pro with Retina display with faster processors and double the amount of memory in both entry-level configurations. MacBook Pro with Retina display features a Retina... Read more
Up to $250 price drop on leftover 15-inch Mac...
B&H Photo has dropped prices on 2013 15″ Retina MacBook Pros by as much as $250 off original MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.3GHz Retina MacBook Pro: $2349... Read more
Updated MacBook Pro Price Trackers
We’ve updated our MacBook Pro Price Trackers with the latest information on prices, bundles, and availability on the new 2014 models from Apple’s authorized internet/catalog resellers as well as... Read more
Apple updates MacBook Pros with slightly fast...
Apple updated 13″ and 15″ Retina MacBook Pros today with slightly faster Haswell processors. 13″ models now ship with 8GB of RAM standard, while 15″ MacBook Pros ship with 16GB across the board. Most... Read more
Apple drops price on 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pro b...
The Apple Store has dropped their price for the 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pro by $100 to $1099 including free shipping. Read more
Apple drops prices on refurbished 2013 MacBoo...
The Apple Store has dropped prices on Apple Certified Refurbished 13″ and 15″ 2013 MacBook Pros, with model now available starting at $929. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping is free... Read more
iOS 8 and OS X 10.10 To Support DuckDuckGo As...
Writing for Quartz, Dan Frommer reports that Apple’s forthcoming iOS 8 and OS X 10.10 operating systems version updates will allow users to select DuckDuckGo as their default search engine. He notes... Read more
U.K. Hospital Using iPods and iPads To Record...
British news journal GazetteLive’s. Ian McNeal notes that the old “an apple a day keeps the doctor away” proverb is being turned on its head at http://southtees.nhs.uk/hospitals/james-cook/ James... Read more
13-inch 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $1099,...
Best Buy has the 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pro available for $1099.99 on their online store. Choose free shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Their price is $100 off MSRP. Price is... Read more

Jobs Board

Sr Software Lead Engineer, *Apple* Online S...
Sr Software Lead Engineer, Apple Online Store Publishing Systems Keywords: Company: Apple Job Code: E3PCAK8MgYYkw Location (City or ZIP): Santa Clara Status: Full Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Sr. Product Leader, *Apple* Store Apps - Ap...
**Job Summary** Imagine what you could do here. At Apple , great ideas have a way of becoming great products, services, and customer experiences very quickly. Bring Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.