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Font Tool
Volume Number:5
Issue Number:3
Column Tag:Pascal Procedures

Related Info: Font Manager

How To Write a Font Tool for MPW

By Randy Leonard, Jacksonville, FL

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

[Randy Leonard is currently employed by TML Systems, Inc. while completing his Master’s thesis in computer science at the University of Central Florida. His thesis involves improving the efficiency of several key algorithms in constructive solid geometry (CSG). The thesis is written entirely with TML Pascal II and he uses several of his own MPW Tools to aid in his development.]

The introduction of the Macintosh Programmer’s Workshop (MPW) v3.0 this January requires that we revisit this programming environment and study its new and exciting features as well as the significant features of previous versions of the product. This article discusses how the MPW environment can be enhanced with the addition of your own integrated programming tools. The type of commands introduced here are capable of executing in the background while running MPW v3.0. This capability enables you to continue your most important task in the foreground while such tasks as compiling and linking of programs occur in the background. Indeed, the tool introduced here may also run in the background.

Macintosh Programmer’s Workshop

The Macintosh Programmer’s Workshop is the official Macintosh development environment from Apple Computer, Inc. The MPW Shell is a complete development system for the Macintosh that includes, among other things, a multi-windowing text editor and a command processor. Also included with MPW is a linker, make facility, resource compiler, resource decompiler, source code management system, and more. There is also complete online help as well as an optional graphical interface for just about every command available in MPW.

MPW has often times been accused of having a steep learning curve. The author believes this false accusation can be based upon two pretexts. The first is due to unfamiliarity with the product [if you come from Big Blue or have been inVAXinated, it might be familiar, but still not easy-ed]. The second is due to the extraordinary power that MPW can provide its advanced users via the command line environment and MPW’s advanced command processor. The truth of the matter is that MPW is as easy to learn and use as any other programming environment if you were to utilize only those features found in MPW that the other programming environments provide.

The true beauty of MPW is found in its open architecture. That is, anyone can expand the functionality of MPW to suit his own needs. There exist two methods of adding new commands to MPW: scripts and tools. This two part article will demonstrate how to create new programming tools and how to fully integrate these tools into the MPW environment. This month’s article will give the motivation for writing your own MPW tool and show how it is done. Part two, to appear next month, will demonstrate how to integrate the tool into the MPW’s online help facility and how to develop a graphical interface for the new command.

MPW Tools

Tools provide a method of adding commands that are not inherent to the MPW command processor. For example, the TML Pascal II compiler is an extension to the MPW environment and is therefore implemented as a tool. Other examples of MPW Tools are the canonical speller Canon and TMLPasMat. TML Systems, in fact, used these two tools to put the finishing touches on both its Source Code Library II and example programs found on the TML Pascal II distribution disk. Canon adjusts all identifiers in source code files so they have the same same capitalization as found in Inside Macintosh. TMLPasMat will format all Pascal source code files to a consistent format that you define. These two tools were especially helpful since programming styles of the programmers at TML Systems vary.

However, we needed even more help in providing a consistent format for all source code files that left our office. As it turns out, some programmers at TML Systems prefer different fonts and different font sizes for their work. Some programmers would print their work on the laser writer reduced to 75% while others would print at 100%. Some prefer different tab settings and still others have large screens on which to edit their programs. This last problem could be especially annoying to our customers with small screens since only a small part of the window of a text file would appear on their screen when they opened the file. Each customer could easily resolve the problem by resizing the window for his screen, but what if the window appeared off-screen to begin with!

Another problem unrelated to each programmer’s taste was the problem of USYM resources. The TML Pascal II compiler writes symbol table information for separately compiled units to the resource fork of the main unit source code file as USYM resources. This is perhaps a more favorable solution than creating separate files to hold the information as other compilers do. Deleting a file that contains symbol table information is easy, but how do you easily erase resources from the resource fork of a source code file?

To solve the above problems, we developed an MPW tool that changed the font of MPW text files to any specified font and font size. Tab spacing is set to any defined value and the window is made to appear on any Macintosh screen with the top left corner slightly staggered from other windows and the bottom right corner extending to the bottom right of the screen. The page setup is reset to print at 100%. All USYM and other resources are optionally deleted as well. We call this tool ChangeTextRes. Below, we explain how to implement this tool, but first a little background.

What Every Tool has in Common

MPW Tools are usually invoked from the command line of the MPW Shell. The command line of an MPW command is simply the line on which the MPW command exists. Parameters are passed to the tool by placing them on the command line. A graphical interface for the tool, called the Commando, does exist, but is not typically used. The Commando interface for a tool is invoked by typing in the command name followed by the ellipses character ( ). This character is obtained by holding the option key and pressing the semicolon. The implementation of a custom Commando interface for ChangeTextRes is discussed in next month’s article.

Apple has defined several conventions for MPW Tools that allow them to work well together in an integrated fashion. First and most important is that a tool have some default behavior. Deviations from this default should result only from options specified on the command line. A command line option is simply a parameter found on the command line starting with the character ‘-’. For example, the resource decompiler tool DeRez is invoked by typing:

  DeRez filename 

where filename specifies any resource file at all. If you wish only to decompile only dialog resources, you would type:

DeRez filename -only DLOG

Now, only resources of type ‘DLOG’ will be decompiled. The behavior of the DeRez tool has been modified by the -only option. Many command line options may be specified, but the order in which they are given should never matter.

Another rule is that tools are to run silently, they should require no interaction with the user to carry out its task. The only visual feedback from the tool should be in the form of a spinning cursor. The reasoning for these rules have their roots in the advanced capabilities of the MPW command processor. Should the reader wish to become a more powerful user of MPW, he is referred to the chapter “Using the Command Language” of the Macintosh Programmer’s Workshop Reference.

The Command Processor

Each time a command is entered, the MPW command processor attempts to interpret it. If it is unsuccessful, the command processor assumes the command is either a tool, script, or an external application. Since we are writing a tool, we do not need to concern ourselves to much with the command processor, but there are a few features that need to be discussed.

Before invoking an MPW tool, the command processor first attempts to interpret parts of the command line. Certain characters have special meaning to the command processor. For example, the (Option-x) character is a wild card character. If .p is specified, the command processor will expand this to a sequence of filenames that end with .p. The MPW Tool never sees the .p parameter. Rather, it sees the sequence of filenames that match the .p pattern! This not only increases a user’s productivity, but also simplifies the writing of tools.

Also allowed are special characters for I/O redirection, piping, and substitution of MPW Shell variables[very nice to have.-ed]. Knowledge of these features are not necessary for the average MPW user. See the Macintosh Programmer’s Workshop Reference for more details.

Three file variables are predefined for MPW Tools, input (standard input), output (standard input), and diagnostic. As expected, standard input is the Macintosh keyboard. Standard output and diagnostic output are both the current topmost window found in the MPW environment.

How ChangeTextRes Works

The underlying theory of ChangeTextRes is quite simple. The tool receives from the command line the name of each file it is to work on as well as any command line options that may exist. The resource fork of each MPW text file specified on the command line is deleted if the command option -d is also present on the command line. If the -d option is not specified then no resources of any files are ever deleted. ChangeTextRes will then change the file’s font, font size, and tab setting.

If ChangeTextRes is instructed to delete the entire resource fork with the -d option, there will no longer be any resource specifying the page setup or window size and position. If a file has no resource for page setup or file window position, the MPW Shell will assume default values. The default value for window position is to stagger the window’s top left corner and cover the rest of the screen. The -d option will delete all USYM resources created by the TML Pascal II compiler as well.

ChangeTextRes assumes default values of Monaco, 9 point, and 3 for the font, font size, and tab setting, respectively. The user may change these values with the command line options -f, -s, and -t. The -f option, followed by a font name instructs ChangeTextRes to use that font name. The -s option followed by an integer value instructs ChangeTextRes to use the specified font size. And the -t option followed by an integer value instructs ChangeTextRes to use the specified tab setting. An error message is generated if an invalid font, a font size less than 1 or greater than 127, or a tab setting less than 1 or greater than 24 is specified.

To use ChangeTextRes, type the command followed by all file names and options desired. Keep in mind the MPW Shell’s filename expansion capabilities discussed above. For example:

ChangeTextRes MyProject.proj  .p 
                 -f Courier -s 12 -t 4 -d

will delete all resources of all MPW text files ending with a .p as well as the file MyProject.proj. The font for each file is set to Courier 9 point and the tab setting is set to 4.

Accessing the Command Line

Accessing the command line parameters from within a tool is quite simple. The IntEnv unit defines two global variables used to access the command line parameters: argv and argc. The argv variable is a pointer to an array of pointers to strings. Argc tells how many parameters exist in the argv array. The argv array starts at element 0 and argc is always one greater than the actual number of parameters found on the command line. The expression argv^[argc] is always equal to nil. The first parameter of the argv array (argv^[0]^) is the name of the MPW tool itself and is useful for error message generation. All parameters to the tool are stored in argv^[1]^ to argv^[argc-1]^. It is up to the programmer to read in command line parameters and to distinguish between regular parameters and command line options. The ChangeTextRes tool contains the procedure ReadCommandLine to accomplish this task.


   procedure ReadCommandLine;
      argVIndex      : integer;
      arg            : Str255;
      if argc = 1 then SyntaxError(9, ‘’);
      argVIndex := 1;
      while argVIndex < argc do begin
         arg := argv^[argVIndex]^;
         if length(arg) <> 0 then
            if arg[1] = ‘-’ then
               if length(arg) > 1 then
                 HandleOption(arg, argVIndex)
               else SyntaxError(8, ‘’);
         argVIndex := argVIndex + 1;
      end; { while }

In this routine, argVIndex is used to traverse the command line parameters. Each time a command line option is found, the procedure HandleOption is called. HandleOption will read the option and set program global variables accordingly. Since options may require an additional parameter (e.g. the ChangeTextRes option -f, -s, and -t), HandleOption must have the ability to read the next parameter(s) on the command line and increment argVIndex accordingly. If an invalid command line option or invalid value corresponding to a valid option is found, HandleOption will generate an error and terminate the program.

Rewriting a File’s Resource Fork

The sole purpose for ChangeTextRes is to rewrite part or all of a file’s resource fork. Since it is intended to work only on source code files, the segment of the program that effects a file’s resource fork must first check to see if the file is of type ‘TEXT’ and has a creator of ‘MPS ‘ (the MPW signature). If this is so, ChangeTextRes will proceed to change the file’s resource fork. Below is the segment of code that accomplishes this task.


if (fnderInfo.fdType = ‘TEXT’) and
   (fnderInfo.fdCreator = ‘MPS ‘) then begin
   if gResDelete then begin
      anOSError := OpenRF(filename, vRefNum, 
      anOSError := SetEOF(ResRefNum, 0);
      anOSError := FSClose(ResRefNum);
   result := IEFAccess(filename, F_STabInfo,
   result := IEFAccess(filename, F_SFontInfo, 

The global variable gResDelete is affected by the -d option. If the -d option is present on the command line, gResDelete is set to true, otherwise it is set to false. Only when gResDelete is true will all the resources be deleted.

An MPW file’s font, font size and tab setting are modified with calls to the IEFAccess function. This function is defined in the IntEnv unit. There are three parameters to IEFAccess. The first is the filename on which the routine is to operate. The second parameter defines which operation to perform, and the third provides a means of passing data to and receiving results from the IEFAccess routine.

Our first call to IEFAccess sets the tab setting of a file. The predefined constant F_STabInfo informs IEFAccess to set the tab of the specified file and the third parameter specifies the desired tab setting. The second call to IEFAccess sets the font and font size. The second parameter of IEFAccess is set to the predefined constant F_SFontInfo. Apple has inadvertently documented that the third parameter, in this case, is a pointer to the new font and font size. This is not the case, rather, the upper word of this long integer is the font number and the lower word contains the font size. Both F_STabInfo and F_SFontInfo are defined in the IntEnv unit.

Spinning the Beach Ball Cursor

MPW Tools are, by convention, supposed to provide visual feedback to the user by displaying and spinning a cursor. By default, this cursor is the MPW beach ball cursor but may be any other cursor the programmer defines. Spinning cursors have a resource type of ‘acur’ and may be created with MPW’s resource editor and/or resource compiler. See the appendix “Programming for the Shell Environment” in the MPW Pascal Reference Manual or Appendix D of the TML Pascal II Language Reference for more details on creating and using such resources.

All the routines related to the operation of the cursor by an MPW Tool are contained in the CursorCtl unit. Only two routines in this file are required by most tools: InitCursorCtl and RotateCursor.

For a tool to rotate the cursor, it must first call InitCursorCtl. This routine has just one parameter which is a handle to an ‘acur’ resource. If this parameter is nil, then the cursor defaults to MPW’s spinning beach ball cursor. Call this routine very early in the program to prevent fragmentation of the heap.

Initializing the spinning cursor does not in itself cause the cursor to spin. The MPW Tool must manually spin the cursor itself. This may seem to be an inconvenience, but it is actually to your advantage. For example, a user can track progress of the MPW Linker by watching which way the beach ball rotates. The linker has three phases, each change in phase is accompanied by a change in direction of rotation of the cursor.

To rotate the cursor, call RotateCursor(value) where value is some integer or long integer. Each time this procedure is called, value is added to an internal counter. When this counter is an even increment of 32, the beach ball is rotated. If value is positive, the cursor is rotated in the clockwise direction. If value is negative, the cursor is rotated in the counter-clockwise direction. It is important to call RotateCursor on a frequent basis. It is usually best to place this procedure call in the main loop of the program.

Software Interrupts

MPW Tools should be capable of responding to software interrupts known as signals. Currently, only one type of signal exists and that is the command-period (.). Signals have the capability of pre-empting a tool or any other MPW command. Tools will automatically respond to a signal but it may be necessary at times to prevent a signal from pre-empting a tool. Several routines in the Signal unit allow a tool to control the effect a signal may have on it. ChangeTextRes does not in any way attempt to control a signal’s effect.

The default actions taken by a tool in response to a signal are to close all open files, execute any installed exit procedures, and terminate the program. See the appendix “Programming for the Shell Environment” in the MPW Pascal Reference Manual or Appendix D of the TML Pascal II Language Reference for more details on how to install exit procedures. Also refer to these manuals for information on how to prevent or delay the effects of signals on MPW Tools.

Returning Status Results

There are basically three different conditions that cause ChangeTextRes to terminate. The first is normal termination and arises when ChangeTextRes has successfully completed processing its data. There are two abnormal termination conditions. One is due to invalid syntax of command line parameters and the other to the inability for the tool to successfully complete its task. In any case, when a tool returns control to the MPW Shell, it must inform the Shell of its termination condition. This is done by returning a status code.

Defined in the IntEnv unit is the procedure IEExit. This procedure has one parameter of type LongInt. When a tool is to terminate, either normally or abnormally, it should call IEExit. Note that IEExit actually terminates the program. The value of its parameter is returned to the MPW Shell as a status code, which by convention, is zero to signify normal completion and non-zero to indicate abnormal termination. ChangeTextRes returns 1 to indicate a syntax error and 2 to indicate other errors.

Further Reading

This article has addressed many of the issues involved in writing MPW Tools, but there still remains a significant amount of potential yet to be realized. The chapter “Writing an MPW Tool” of the Macintosh Programmer’s Workshop Reference discusses all the issues of writing MPW Tools, and does so in much greater detail than presented here. The chapter “Building an Application, a Desk Accessory, or an MPW Tool” of the same reference describes the mechanics of building a tool, but this knowledge is not necessary if you are using the TML Project Manager.

Chapter 8 of the TML Pascal II User’s Guide shows how to write MPW Tools as does Programming with Macintosh Programmer’s Workshop, by Joel West. This second book is highly recommended for any MPW user. Appendix D of the TML Pascal II Language Reference and appendix titled “Programming for the Shell Environment” of the MPW Pascal Reference Manual give complete descriptions of the interface files required to create MPW Tools.

Next Month

Next month, we will develop a graphical interface, called the Commando interface, for the ChangeTextRes tool. We will also show how to add or modify Commando interfaces to other existing MPW Tools.

program ChangeTextRes;
{   ChangeTextRes.p
   An MPW Tool to delete resource fork of MPW 
 text files and rewrite the resource fork
   to specify a desired tab setting, font,
   and font size.
   (c) TML Systems, Inc., 1988
   All rights reserved. Publication rights granted to 

uses MemTypes, QuickDraw, OSIntf, ToolIntf,
     PackIntf, PasLibIntf,

{ required for MPW Tools }
     CursorCtl, IntEnv;
 ResRefNum  : integer;   
      { reference number for resource fork  of a given file }
 filename   : Str255;
 aStringPtr : StringPtr;
      { reference number for default drive  }
 vRefNum    : integer; 
      { Finder information for a given file }
 fnderInfo  : FInfo;
      { result from Mac ROM file I/O calls  }
 anOSError  : OSErr;
      { passed to IEFAccess specifies font and font size }
 arg        : LongInt;
      { result from IEFAccess calls }
 result     : LongInt;
 i          : integer;

   { Font number of specified font as returned by GetFNum }
 gFont      : integer;  
 gFontSize  : LongInt;
 gTabSize   : LongInt;   { tab setting }
      { delete all of file’s resources? }
 gResDelete : boolean;   

function UpperCase(str: Str255): Str255;
{   Convert an alpanumeric string to all
   uppercase characters.
 i: integer;
 for i := 1 to length(str) do
    if (str[i] >= ‘a’) and 
         (str[i] <= ‘z’) then
         str[i] := chr(ord(str[i]) - 32);
 UpperCase := str;

procedure SyntaxError(err: integer;
                      msg: Str255);
{  Display the appropriate syntax error and 
   then exit from the program.  Return a 
   status value of 1 indicating an early
   termination of program.
 case err of
 1: writeln(‘# ‘, msg, ‘ is an invalid option’);
 2: writeln(‘# missing font’);
 3: writeln(‘# missing font size’);
 4: writeln(‘# missing tab setting’);
 5: writeln(‘# ‘, msg, ‘ is an invalid font’);
 6: writeln(‘# ‘, msg,‘ is an invalid font size’);
 7: writeln(‘# ‘, msg, ‘ is an invalid tab size’);
 8: writeln(‘# the - character must be 
                  accompanied by an option’);
 9: begin
       writeln(‘# Usage - ChangeTextRes [name ]  ‘);
       writeln(‘     -f fontname    # set 
                 font of files to fontname’);
       writeln(‘     -s fontsize    # set 
            font size of files to fontsize’);
       writeln(‘     -t tabs        # set 
                       tab setting to tabs’);
         writeln(‘fatal error #’, err);
 IEExit(1); { return error status of 1 }

procedure HandleOption(opt: Str255;
                      var argIndex: integer);
   Set the appropriate global flag for each 
   command line option encountered on the 
   command line.  If an invalid
   option is found, give an error message and  
   exit from the program.  If the option 
   requires an additional command line 
   parameter (e.g. -f Monaco), then retrieve 
   the option(s) needed and increment the 
   argIndex counter appropriately.
 NumString, str      : Str255;
 str := UpperCase(opt);
 Delete(str, 1, 1);
                   {delete the ‘-’ character}
 if str = ‘F’ then begin { set font }
    argIndex := argIndex + 1;
    if argIndex < argc then begin
       GetFNum(argv^[argIndex]^, gFont);
       if gFont < 0 then
           SyntaxError(5, argv^[argIndex]^);
    else SyntaxError(2, ‘’);
 else if str = ‘S’ then begin
                            { set font size }
    argIndex := argIndex + 1;
    if argIndex < argc then begin
       StringToNum(argv^[argIndex]^, gFontSize);
       if (gFontSize <= 0) or
            (gFontSize >= 128) then begin
          NumToString(gFontSize, NumString);
          SyntaxError(6, NumString);
    else SyntaxError(3, ‘’);
 else if str = ‘T’ then begin { set tab }
    argIndex := argIndex + 1;
    if argIndex < argc then begin
       StringToNum(argv^[argIndex]^, gTabSize);
       if (gTabSize <= 0) or
            (gTabSize >= 25) then begin
          NumToString(gFontSize,  NumString);
          SyntaxError(7, NumString);
    else SyntaxError(4, ‘’);
 else if str = ‘D’ then
    gResDelete := true
 else SyntaxError(1, str);

procedure SkipOption(opt: Str255;
                     var argIndex: integer);
   This routine is called only after the 
   command line parameters have already been 
   scanned once using HandleOption.  The
   purpose of this routine is to properly 
   increment argIndex according to the 
   appropriate command line options.
 str: Str255;
 str := UpperCase(opt);
 Delete(str, 1, 1); 
                   {delete the ‘-’ character}
   if str = ‘F’ then { set font }
    argIndex := argIndex + 1
 else if str = ‘S’ then { set font size }
    argIndex := argIndex + 1
 else if str = ‘T’ then { set tab size }
    argIndex := argIndex + 1
 else if str = ‘D’ then
    { nothing }

procedure ReadCommandLine;
 argVIndex           : integer;
 arg                 : Str255;
 if argc = 1 then SyntaxError(9, ‘’);
 argVIndex := 1;
 while argVIndex < argc do begin
    arg := argv^[argVIndex]^;
    if length(arg) <> 0 then
       if arg[1] = ‘-’ then
       if length(arg) > 1 then
           HandleOption(arg, argVIndex)
    else SyntaxError(8, ‘’);
    argVIndex := argVIndex + 1;
 end; { while }

procedure ReportError(error: integer; 
                      filename: Str255);
   Generate the appropriate error message
   then exit from the program.  Return a 
   status value indicating early termination 
   from the program.
 if error = 0 then
 write(diagnostic, ‘ERROR! ‘);
 case error of
 -35: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
  ‘ volume does not exist’);
 -36: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
                                ‘ IO Error’);
 -37: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
        ‘ is a bad filename or volume name’);
 -42: writeln(diagnostic,
                      ‘Too many files open’);
 -43: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
                               ‘ not found’);
 -45: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
                               ‘ is locked’);
 -46: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
            ‘ is locked by a software flag’);
 -47: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
     ‘ is busy; one or more files are open’);
 -53: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
                      ‘ volume not on-line’);
 -54: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
     ‘ cannot be opened for writing, file is
 -61: writeln(diagnostic, filename,
      ‘ Read/write permission doesn’’t allow writing’);
      writeln(diagnostic, ‘OS error #’, 
                    error, ‘ has occurred.’);
      writeln(diagnostic,’ Reference Inside 
        Macintosh pp. III:205-209 for further details’);

begin {main program}
   { make first stmt toavoid heap fragmentation }
 InitFonts; {so we can read in font names}

   { so we read in JUST the font names! }

 { Set default values }
 gResDelete := false; 
 gFont := 4; 
 gFontSize := 9; 
 gTabSize := 3; 

 arg := gFont;
 arg := BSL(arg, 16);
 arg := arg + gFontSize;
 anOSError := GetVol(aStringPtr, vRefNum);
 if anOSError <> 0 then 
      ReportError(anOSError, aStringPtr^);
 i := 1;
 while i < argc do begin
{ Make cursor rotate each time through loop }
      filename := argv^[i]^;
    if length(filename) = 0 then begin
       i := i + 1;
    if filename[1] = ‘-’ then
       SkipOption(filename, i)
    else begin  { valid filename }
   anOSError := GetFInfo(filename, vRefNum, fnderInfo);
   if anOSError <> 0 then begin
    ReportError(anOSError, filename);
   else begin  { file exists }
    if (fnderInfo.fdType = ‘TEXT’) and
         (fnderInfo.fdCreator = ‘MPS ‘)
                                   then begin
       if gResDelete then begin
          anOSError := OpenRF(filename, vRefNum, ResRefNum);
          anOSError := SetEOF(ResRefNum,0);
          anOSError := FSClose(ResRefNum);
       result := IEFAccess(filename,  F_STabInfo, gTabSize);
       result := IEFAccess(filename, F_SFontInfo, arg);
       writeln(‘WARNING!  ‘, filename, ‘ is not an MPW text file, resources 
not deleted’);
   end;  { file exists }
    end;  { valid filename }
    i := i + 1;
 end; { while i < argc }
 IEExit(0); { Normal status return }
end. {main program}


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Hi there, and welcome to our round up of all the best games that are on sale for iOS at the moment. It's not a vintage week in terms of numbers, but I'm pretty sure that every single one of these is worth picking up if you haven't already played... | Read more »
Disc Drivin' 2 Guide - Tips for the...
We're all still playing quite a bit of Disc Drivin' 2 over here at 148Apps, and we've gotten pretty good at it. Now that we've spent some more time with the game and unlocked more powerups, check out some of these more advanced tips: | Read more »
Alto's Odyssey Guide - How to Tackl...
Alto’s Odyssey is a completely stunning and serene runner, but it can also be a bit tricky. Check out these to try and keep your cool while playing this endless runner: Don’t focus too much on tasks [Read more] | Read more »
Here's everything you need to know...
Alto's Odyssey is a really, really good game. If you don't believe me, you should definitely check out our review by clicking this link right here. It takes the ideas from the original Alto's Adventure, then subtly builds on them, creating... | Read more »
Alto's Odyssey (Games)
Alto's Odyssey 1.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: Just beyond the horizon sits a majestic desert, vast and unexplored. Join Alto and his friends and set off on an endless... | Read more »
Vainglory 5v5: Everything you need to kn...
Vainglory just got bigger. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via

Sale! Amazon offers 13″ 2.3GHz MacBook Pros f...
Amazon has 2017 13″ 2.3GHz Apple MacBook Pros on sale today for $151-$150 off MSRP, each including free shipping: – 13″ 2.3GHz/128GB Space Gray MacBook Pro (MPXQ2LL/A): $1148 $151 off MSRP – 13″ 2.... Read more
Apple AirPods in stock today for $159, free s...
Adorama reports stock of Apple AirPods today for $159 including free shipping, plus pay no sales tax outside of NY & NJ. See our Apple AirPod Price Tracker for the latest prices and stock status... Read more
Saturday Sale: Amazon offers 12″ 1.3GHz MacBo...
Amazon has Silver and Gold 2017 12″ 1.3GHz Retina MacBooks on sale for $250 off MSRP. Shipping is free: – 12″ 1.3GHz Silver MacBook: $1349.99 $250 off MSRP – 12″ 1.3GHz Gold MacBook: $1349.99 $250... Read more
Use your Apple Education discount and save up...
Purchase a new Mac using Apple’s Education discount, and take up to $400 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution with a .edu email address qualify for the discount... Read more
Apple Canada offers 2017 21″ and 27″ iMacs fo...
 Canadian shoppers can save up to $470 on the purchase of a 2017 current-generation 21″ or 27″ iMac with Certified Refurbished models at Apple Canada. Apple’s refurbished prices are the lowest... Read more
9″ iPads available online at Walmart for $50...
Walmart has 9.7″ Apple iPads on sale for $50 off MSRP for a limited time. Sale prices are for online orders only, in-store prices may vary: – 9″ 32GB iPad: $279.99 $50 off – 9″ 128GB iPad: $379.99 $... Read more
15″ Apple MacBook Pros, Certified Refurbished...
Save $360-$420 on the purchase of a 2017 15″ MacBook Pro with Certified Refurbished models at Apple. Apple’s refurbished prices are the lowest available for each model from any reseller. An standard... Read more
Amazon restocks MacBook Pros with models avai...
Amazon has restocked 15″ and 13″ Apple MacBook Pros with models on sale for up to $251 off MSRP. Shipping is free. Note that stock of some Macs may come and go (and some sell out quickly), so check... Read more
Lowest price of the year: 15″ 2.8GHz Apple Ma...
Amazon has the 2017 Space Gray 15″ 2.8GHz MacBook Pro on sale today for $251 off MSRP. Shipping is free: – 15″ 2.8GHz Touch Bar MacBook Pro Space Gray (MPTR2LL/A): $2148, $251 off MSRP Their price is... Read more
Apple restocks full line of Certified Refurbi...
Apple has restocked a full line of Apple Certified Refurbished 2017 13″ MacBook Pros for $200-$300 off MSRP. A standard Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is free.... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Media Products Commerce Engineering...
# Apple Media Products Commerce Engineering Manager Job Number: 56207285 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: 26-Jan-2018 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Read more
Digital Platforms Lead, Today at *Apple* -...
# Digital Platforms Lead, Today at Apple Job Number: 56178747 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: 23-Feb-2018 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description:SalesSpecialist - Retail Customer Service and SalesTransform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description:SalesSpecialist - Retail Customer Service and SalesTransform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
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