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Library Manager
Volume Number:3
Issue Number:8
Column Tag:Pascal Procedures

Library Manager Cures HFS Brain Damage

By Dave Rausch, Fullerton, CA

Dave Raush is an expert on Mac music generation

“File Not Found!”

How many times have you run a compiler or linker program only to have it come up and say “file not found” after which the program returns you to the Finder or worse, crashes the system. Then you have to find the mystery file the program wants, then figure out which folder the program expects to find it, and try to coerce the program into locating it. Programs that make you do this are HFS brain damaged. They can’t find their way out of a paper bag. Microsoft is notorious for products which either can’t find files (MS Basic) or require files to be in certain folders (MS Word), or die when a file cannot be found (MS Fortran). While Apple provided an elegant way for applications to allow the user to find a document, via the standard file dialog, no thought was given to those types of programs which must locate a library or reference file that is either not known to the user, or not directly related to a user created document, but which is vital for the program to function. Think Technologies with their Lightspeed C and Pascal was one of the first companies to market a truly HFS smart compiler. If LS Pascal can’t find a file it needs, it asks the user to find it! What could be simpler or more straight forward? Who needs path managers? Who needs Finder DA’s? Who needs path name scripts? In this article I show how you can use this technique to make your applications HFS smart, by putting up a standard file dialog if a library file cannot be found. Once the user finds the file, it’s location is remembered in a resource so the dialog does not have to be repeated unless the file is moved or renamed. Why should a program (like 4th Dimension) prevent you from moving or renaming your files? Even though HFS has been with us for over a year and a half, many developers are still working around it, not with it. It’s time to make our programs HFS friendly and this article will show you how to do it.

Library Manager Tracks Your Files

As Macintosh programs become smarter and heftier, the need increases to maintain libraries of information that are external to the application itself. Because I am currently developing an application that requires three separate kinds of open file lists, I spent some time putting together what I call a “Library Manager” to help keep things straight. The classic example of a file you would use the library manager to track and open is the “dictionary”, a library type that may include a whole list of generic, technical, and user-defined files that should be opened automatically without unnecessary user intervention and without the user having to place them in either (a) the same folder with the application or (b) the System Folder which is beginning to get cluttered...; (Acius, are you paying attention?)

Fig. 1 Let the user find it!

Our application is a demonstration of how an application can be designed to keep track of and locate files without crashing, quiting or forcing the user to place or name files in a certain way. The demo application makes calls to what I have named the Library Manager, a unit of LS Pascal routines which provide the support for creating HFS friendly programs. By adding this Library Manager unit to your own projects, your applications can be made as HFS friendly as the products from Think Technologies.

Installing Library Manager

The Library Manager keeps track of application files using an application defined resource of type LMIR, Library Manager Information Resource. A separate LMIR resource is created for each file for which the application needs to know the whereabouts. The LMIR is shown defined below:

LMIR = RECORD  {Library Manager Info Record}
 rsrcID : integer;
 volname :  str31;
 vRef : integer;
 hfsvolume :   boolean;
 DirID :  Longint;
 filename : str63;
 fRefNum :  integer;
 next, prev :  LmirHdl;
 FTyp : integer;
 RecsOnFile, CurRec : integer;
 changed :  boolean;
 Status : (Open, Closed, NotFound);

Once the Library Manager code is added to an existing project and the routine OpenLib is called, the Manager is self-initializing. When a call is made to OpenLib for a LMIR resource that does not exist, OpenLib creates the resource and adds it to the current resource file. A typical setup routine is shown below that makes this call to OpenLib:

 OpenLib(TopFile, ‘Application Default Library’); 
 {When program boots}
 OpenLinkedLib(TopFile, ‘User Default Library’); 
 {When program boots}

When OpenLib is called, if the appropriate LMIR resource does not exist or if the file the resource points to has been moved (or renamed, is unmounted, etc.) the user is prompted and allowed (not forced) to find or create a new library file. The message displayed to the user tells him the exact nature of the problem: The volume isn’t mounted, the file can’t be found, the file is already open for read/write, etc. All of the possible HFS file problems are clearly trapped and displayed here. No more “call Aldus, error number 1234” stuff.

For the developer, this means that once the library manager is added to his code and calls are made to OpenLib, he can

(1) Ignore prompts to find or create the library (until ready)

(2) Create a new library file someplace (and not be bothered again)

(3) Tell the program where he has moved the library file to

(4) Mount the volume that the library file is on, if that is the problem.

Note that moving the application won’t disturb the Library Manager’s ability to find a file, only tampering with the location or name of the library file itself.

Lotsa Lovely Linked Lists of Libraries

When calls are made to OpenLinkedLib additional library files are linked using a circular forward and backward chain. As many separate lists of files as desired can be created with OpenLib, and as many files can be added to any particular list with OpenLinkedLib as the application demands. Thus you can support a whole bunch of related files that must be opened at run time.

The linked lists allow you to search through all files of a given library type by using a loop along the lines of:

 next := top;
 IFoundIt := YourSearchRoutine(next);
 next : next^^.next;
 until IFoundIt or (next = top);

Another agreeable aspect of linked lists is that the library manager requires you to define only one (global?) variable per list: the handle to the top item of the list.

Removing Files from a List

Call RemoveLib to close an open library file and remove it from the list. Note that RemoveLib always returns a valid handle if there are still any open libraries in the list. This allows you to remove even the “top” item from a library list, because RemoveLib automatically replaces it with a “new” top. If you are removing the top item from the list, you should reference it specifically when you pass it to RemoveLib.

 { that is, whatever variable name you passed 
 to Open Lib originally }





if there’s a chance that next or next^^.next = Top.

A file that has been removed with RemoveLib can be reopened with OpenLinkedLib or OpenLib.

RemoveLib checks whether the changed field of the Library Manager Record is true. If so, it calls HandleChanges. HandleChanges does nothing! It is just included to give you the general idea.

Closing All Open Files in a List

At exit time, call CloseLibList for each library list that is open. It will close all open files in a list, by successive calls to RemoveLib, until the list is empty.

Access is by Resource Name, not Resource ID

As you will see when you examine OpenLib and GetLibResource, the library manager accesses files by a descriptive resource name rather than by resource ID.

The Library Manager was developed to work in conjunction with routines that will extend menus by allowing the user to create new menu items and associate those items with individual files. If you are allowing the user to extend libraries in this (or some similar) way, you should call GetLibResource before you call OpenLinkedLib or OpenLib to make sure that a “new” library descriptive name does not already exist. It is your responsibility to make sure that the names used to access resources are unique, the Library Manager does not check.

Library File Type

When the Library Manager creates a new file it assigns it type LMIR. Likewise, when you look for a file using the standard file dialog, it will only show you files of type LMIR. This can be modified according to your application’s requirements.

The Nitty Gritty of Tracking Things

The routines work with new roms or old roms, HFS or MFS volumes (or any mixture);

In order to actually install a LMIR resource, the user (or developer) is guided by the application through the Standard File Package.

In order to maintain compatibility between HFS and MFS, Apple fixed things so that the Standard File returns a working directory number instead of a volume reference number. The important thing about working directory numbers is that they are created on the fly and they are strictly temporary and relative to a particular session.

What is needed is to turn the working directory number into a Volume Name and a Directory ID. The procedure that does this is GetPathInfo. When a file needs to be opened, the procedure OpenWD creates a new working directory for the file from this information. This new working directory number is then passed to FSOpen as the volume reference. If the volume is MFS and not HFS, OpenWD simply returns the volume number instead of a working directory and FSOpen is still happy.

File IO on Open Files

The File reference number for an opened file is stored in the LMIR record. There are also fields to maintain information on file type, total records, current record number. You can, of course, add other fields to your LMIR definition (or remove some of mine).

The Program Lib Mgr Demo..

...does a minimum three things

1) It looks for mythical “application default” and “user default” library files.

2) It tells you the status of the files: Opened, Closed, NotFound.

3) It waits for you to press the mouse button and then closes the files (if any are open).

The first time you run the program it will prompt you to find or create the two files mentioned above. If you satisfy these requests, the next time it will simply open the files without your intervention. To see how the program handles various problems, try moving, deleting, renaming, dismounting one or both files and rerunning the program.

The program was developed in LightSpeed Pascal. If you are using something other than LightSpeed, remove the DisplayMsg procedure and use the DisplayMsg2 procedure.

The only resource that the file needs is an alert dialog, ID = 301 and its associated item list. If you run the program in Lightspeed project mode, make sure you use a project resource file, or the “current resource file” the LMIR resources will be added to will be your system file!

One last thing: this code will need to be modified to fit your particular needs. The Library Manager I’ve presented is meant to be suggestive, not definitive. I’m sure that you will have to make changes for your own application environment(s). But it will give you a good base to work from. Toward this end, direct access to procedures not specifically mentioned in this article is provided in the interface portion of the LibMgr unit.


The HFSRunning and NewRoms came from a utilities package developed by David O’Rourke that is in the public domain. Thanks, Dave!

And so, if there are no further questions, let’s break for lunch.

UNIT LibMgr;

 Rom85, HFS;
 StandardType = (StandardGet, StandardPut);
 Outcome = (Success, Error, Cancellation);
 str63 = STRING[63];
 str31 = STRING[31];
 str80 = STRING[80];

 LmirPtr = ^Lmir;
 LmirHdl = ^LmirPtr;

 LMIR = RECORD  {Library Manager Info Record}
 rsrcID : integer;
 volname : str31;
 vRef : integer;
 hfsvolume : boolean;
 DirID : Longint;
 filename : str63;
 fRefNum : integer;
 next, prev : LmirHdl;
 FTyp : integer;
 RecsOnFile, CurRec : integer;
 changed : boolean;
 Status : (Open, Closed, NotFound);

 PROCEDURE GetPathInfo (vRefNum : integer;
 VAR rootVol : Str31;
 VAR hfsFlag : boolean;
 VAR WDirID : longint);

 FUNCTION OpenWD (VAR vRefNum : integer;
 DirID : longint) : OSErr;
 PROCEDURE OpenLib (VAR whichLib : LmirHdl;
 itsName : str255);
 PROCEDURE OpenLinkedLib (LinkTo : LmirHdl;
 ResName : str255);
 FUNCTION CreateLib (VAR newLib : LmirHdl) : boolean;
 FUNCTION FindLib (VAR theLib : LmirHdl) : boolean;
 PROCEDURE RemoveLib (VAR whichFile : LmirHdl);    
 {Close file and remove from list of open libraries}
 PROCEDURE CloseLibList (Top : LmirHdl); 
 {Close all open libraries in a given list and empty list}
 FUNCTION StandardFile (opCode : StandardType;
 oldName : Str255;
 fType : OSType;
 VAR vRef : integer) : str63;
 PROCEDURE GetLibraryResource (VAR theLibrary : LmirHdl;
 ResourceName : str255);


 FUNCTION HFSRunning : boolean;
 FSFCBLen = $3F6;
 HFSRunning := (HFS^ > 0);

 FUNCTION NewRoms : boolean;
 NewRomsID = 117;
 RomVersion, Machine : INTEGER;
 Environs(RomVersion, Machine);
 NewRoms := RomVersion >= NewRomsID;

 FUNCTION GetErrorMsg (Result : OSErr) : str80;
 Result := abs(Result);
 CASE Result OF
33 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the file directory is full.  ‘;
34 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘all allocation blocks on the volume are full.  ‘;
35 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the specified volume is not mounted.  ‘;
36 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘there was an unspecified I/O Error.  ‘;
37 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the file name or volume name is bad (perhaps zero-length). 
39 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘logical end-of-file was reached unexpetedly during read 
operation.  ‘;
40 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘an attempt was made to position before start of file. 
42 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘too many are files open.  ‘;
43 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the file could not be found.  ‘;
44 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the volume is locked by a hardware setting.  ‘;
45 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the file is locked’;
46 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the volume is locked by a software flag.  ‘;
47 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the file is already in use.  ‘;
48 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘a file with the specified name exists and cannot be 
overwritten.  ‘;
49 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the file is already open for read/write.  It cannot 
be reopened.  ‘;
50 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘no volume was specified and there is no default volume. 
51 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘a non-existent path was specified.  ‘;
52 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘there was an error finding current position in file. 
53 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the specified volume is not on-line.  ‘;
54 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘there was an attempt to open a locked file for writing. 
55 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘there was an attempt to mount an already mounted volume. 
56 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the specified drive number is not mounted.  ‘;
57 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the volume lacks Macintosh-format directory.  ‘;
58 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘there was an external file system error.  ‘;
59 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘there was a problem during rename.  ‘;
60 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the master directory block is bad; this volume must 
be reinitialized.  ‘;
61 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the read/write permission of the file/folder does not 
allow writing . ‘;
108 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘there is insufficient application memory.  ‘;
120 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘the directory could not be found.  ‘;
121 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘too many working directories are open.  ‘;
122 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘a folder cannot be placed in its own subfolder.  ‘;
123 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘an attempt was made to do hierarchical operations on 
a nonhierarchical volume.  ‘;
127 : 
 GetErrorMsg := ‘there was an internal file system error.  ‘;

 PROCEDURE UpdateResource (vanilla : handle);

 PROCEDURE IOCheck (resultCode : OSErr);
 ignore : INTEGER;
 errorString : Str255;
 IF resultCode <> NoErr THEN
 NumToString(resultCode, errorString);
 ParamText(‘Macintosh Error #’, errorString, ‘:  ‘, GetErrorMsg(resultCode));
 ignore := StopAlert(305, NIL);

 FUNCTION StandardFile;
 {opCode : StandardType;  oldName : 
 Str255; fType : OSType; }
 {var vRef : integer) :  str63 }
 where : Point;
 reply : SFReply;
 textType : SFTypeList;
 where.h := 80;
 where.v := 55;
 textType[0] := fType;
 reply.vRefNum := vRef;
 IF opCode = StandardGet THEN
 SFGetFile(where, ‘Select Application to Launch’, NIL, 1, textType, NIL, 
 SFPutFile(where, ‘’, oldName, NIL, reply);
 WITH reply DO
 StandardFile := ‘’
 StandardFile := fName;
 vRef := vRefNum

 PROCEDURE HandleChanges (changedFile : LmirHdl);
 {A boolean field in the LMIR can be set if your   change records in 
memory but you do not immediately  write them out to the file... Then 
put whatever   routines you need to handle updates to records in 
 memory here}

 PROCEDURE RemoveLib;{var whichFile : LmirHdl);}
 ReturnValidHdl : LmirHdl;
 IF whichFile^^.changed THEN
 IF whichFile^^.status = Open THEN
 ReturnValidHdl := whichFile^^.next;
 whichFile^^.prev^^.next := whichFile^^.next;
 whichFile^^.next^^.prev := whichFile^^.prev;
 whichFile^^.status := Closed;
 whichFile := ReturnValidHdl;

 PROCEDURE CloseLibList; {Top : LmirHdl; }
 next : LmirHdl;
 next := Top^^.next;
 UNTIL next = Top;

 FUNCTION OpenWD; {var vREfNum : integer; }
 { DirID : longint)  }
 {  : OSErr;   }
 blk : WDPBRec;
 Result : OSErr;
 blk.ioCompletion := NIL;
 Result := PBGetVol(@blk, false); 
 {this just sets ioWDProcID to whatever...}
 IF Result = NoErr THEN
 WITH blk DO
 ioNamePtr := NIL;
 ioVREfNum := vRefNum;
 ioWDDirID := DirID;
 Result := PBOPenWD(@blk, false);
 vRefNum := blk.ioVRefNum;
 OpenWD := Result;

 PROCEDURE GetPathInfo; { vRefNum : integer; }
 { var rootVol : Str31; }
 { var hfsFlag : boolean );}
 {var WDirID : longint;}
 blk : CInfoPBRec;
 volBlk : HParamBlockRec;
 dirname : str255;
 rootVol := ‘’;
 WITH volBlk DO
 ioCompletion := NIL;
 ioNamePtr := @rootVol;
 ioVRefNum := vRefNum;
 ioVolindex := 0;
 ioVSigWord := 0;
 IOCheck(PBHGetVINfo(@volBlk, false));
 rootVol := Concat(rootVol, ‘:’);
 hfsFlag := HFSRunning;
 IF hfsFlag THEN
 WITH blk DO
 ioCompletion := NIL;
 dirname := ‘’;
 ioNamePtr := @dirname;
 ioVRefNum := vRefNum;
 ioFDirINdex := -1;
 ioDrDirID := 0;
 IOCheck(PBGetCatINfo(@blk, false));
 WDirId := ioDrDirID;

 FUNCTION CreateLib; {newLib : LmirHdl; prompt : boolean) : boolean}
 null = ‘’;
 Result : OSERR;
 CreateLib := False;
 WITH newLib^^ DO
 Filename := StandardFile(StandardPut, ‘Make My Day’, ‘LMIR’, vref);
 IF Filename <> null THEN
 Result := Create(FileName, vRef, ‘DAVE’, ‘LMIR’);
 IF Result = NoErr THEN
 GetPathInfo(vRef, volName, hfsvolume, DirID);
 CreateLib := True;

 FUNCTION UserWantsToCreateLib : boolean;
 yes = 1;
 p1, p2, p3, p4 : str80;
 Response : integer;
 p1 := ‘Create a new library? ‘;
 p2 := ‘’;
 p3 := ‘’;
 p4 := ‘’;
 ParamText(p1, p2, p3, p4);
 Response := CautionAlert(301, NIL);
 IF (Response = Yes) THEN
 UserWantsToCreateLib := true
 UserWantsToCreateLib := false;

 FUNCTION FindLib; {var  : theLib : LmirHdl; prompt : boolean; result 
: OSErr) : boolean}
 null = ‘’;
 dummy : OSERR;
 SaveRef : integer;
 FindLib := False;
 WITH theLib^^ DO
 Filename := StandardFile(StandardGet, ‘’, ‘LMIR’, vref);
 IF FileName <> null THEN
 GetPathInfo(vRef, volName, hfsvolume, DirID);
 FindLib := True;

 FUNCTION UserWantsToFindLib (whichLib : LmirHdl;
 Reference : Str255;
 errorCode : OSErr) : boolean;
 yes = 1;
 p1, p2, p3, p4 : str80;
 Response : integer;
 UseName : str63;
 IF whichLib^^.filename = ‘’ THEN
 UseName := Reference
 UseName := whichLib^^.filename;
 p1 := ConCat(‘The ‘, UseName, ‘ File was not opened because ‘);
 p2 := GetErrorMsg(ErrorCode);
 p3 := ‘Look for a library to open?  ‘;
 p4 := ‘’;
 ParamText(p1, p2, p3, p4);
 Response := CautionAlert(301, NIL);
 IF (Response = Yes) THEN
 UserWantsToFindLib := true
 UserWantsToFindLib := false;

 PROCEDURE GetUserHelp (whichLibrary : LmirHdl;
 ReferredToAs : str255;
 ErrMsg : OSErr);
 Intent, Attainment, Cancelled : boolean;
 whichLibrary^^.status := NotFound; 
 {Guilty until proven innocent}

 IF UserWantsToFindLib(whichLibrary, ReferredToAs, ErrMsg) THEN
 IF FindLib(whichLibrary) THEN
 whichLibrary^^.status := Closed;
 IF whichLibrary^^.status = NotFound THEN
 {User chose not to Open Existing File}
 Intent := UserWantsToCreateLib;
 IF Intent THEN
 Attainment := CreateLib(whichLibrary);
 IF Intent AND Attainment THEN
 whichLibrary^^.status := Closed;
 UNTIL (NOT Intent) OR (Attainment);

 FUNCTION LibOpenedSuccessfully (LibToOpen : LmirHdl; VAR Result : OSErr) 
: boolean;
 fRefNum : integer;
 SaveCurrentvol : integer;
 Success : boolean;
 Ignore : OSErr;
 Success := False;
 Ignore := GetVol(NIL, SaveCurrentVol);
 {Save the default volume }
 WITH LibToOpen^^ DO
 result := SetVol(@volname, 0);
 {Is the root volume mounted?}
 IF Result = NoErr THEN
 result := GetVol(NIL, vRef);
 {Then make it default }
 IF (Result = NoErr) AND hfsVolume THEN
 {Open the Working Directory}
 Result := OpenWD(vRef, DirID);
 IF Result = NoErr THEN
 {Vref is now correct whether HFS or MFS}
 Result := FSOpen(fileName, vRef, fRefNum);
 IF Result = NoErr THEN
 Success := True;
 status := open;
 LibOpenedSuccessfully := Success;
 Ignore := SetVol(NIL, SaveCurrentVol);
 {Restore the original default volume}

 PROCEDURE InitLibResource (VAR Lib : LmirHdl;
 LibName : str255);

 Lib := LmirHdl(newHandle(SizeOf(Lmir)));
 Lib^^.RsrcId := uniqueID(‘LMIR’);
 WITH Lib^^ DO
 vRef := 0;
 RecsOnFile := 0;
 filename := ‘’;
 volname := ‘’;
 DirID := 0;
 FTyp := 0;
 RecsOnFile := 0;
 CurRec := 0;
 status := NotFound;
 changed := false;
 AddResource(Handle(Lib), ‘LMIR’, Lib^^.RsrcID, LibName);

 PROCEDURE GetLibraryResource; {var theLibrary : LmirHdl;  ResourceName 
: str255}
 IF NewRoms THEN
 theLibrary := LmirHdl(Get1NamedResource( ‘LMIR’, ResourceName))
 theLibrary := LmirHdl(GetNamedResource( ‘LMIR’, ResourceName));

PROCEDURE OpenLib; {var whichLib : LmirHdl; itsName : str255}
 Result : OSErr;
 GetLibraryResource(whichLib, itsName);
 IF whichLib = NIL THEN
 InitLibResource(whichLib, itsName);
 {No resource even exists... Create one}

{Potential Problem #1 - The resource was *just* created by GetLibrary}
 IF whichLib^^.status = NotFound THEN 
 {A resource exists, but no file }
 GetUserHelp(whichLib, itsName, 43);
{Potential Problem #2 - The resource is there but the file couldn’t be 
 WHILE (whichLib^^.status = Closed) AND (NOT LibOpenedSuccessfully(whichLib, 
result)) DO
 GetUserHelp(whichLib, itsName, Result);

{Note: if the user refuses to either look for or create a file, then 
status will be set to NotFound}
{and the loop ends.  Of course, the loop also ends if a file is opened 
successfully.  }
 whichLib^^.next := whichLib;
 whichLib^^.prev := whichLib;

 PROCEDURE OpenLinkedLib; {LinkTo : LmirHdl;}
 { ResName : str255);}
 nwLib : LmirHdl;
 OpenLib(newLib, ResName);
 newLib^^.next := LinkTo^^.next;
 LinkTo^^.next := newLib;
 newLib^^.prev := LinkTo;
 newLib^^.next^^.prev := newLib;

Fig. 2 Our demo puts up a standard file dialog

Fig. 3 Link Procedure

{$I-    Lightspeed Compiler Command}
 TopFile : LmirHdl;

 PROCEDURE InitThings;
 InitGraf(@thePort); {grafport for the screen}
 FlushEvents(everyEvent, 0);

 OpenLib(TopFile, ‘Application Default Library’); 
 {When program boots}
 OpenLinkedLib(TopFile, ‘User Default Library’); 
 {When program boots}

 PROCEDURE DisplayMsg2;
 p1, p2, p3, p4 : str80;
 status : ARRAY[0..3] OF str80;
 x : integer;
 Status[0] := ‘Open’;
 Status[1] := ‘Closed’;
 Status[3] := ‘Not Found’;
 x := Ord(TopFile^^.status);
 p1 := Concat(TopFile^^.filename, ‘ is ‘, Status[x], ‘.  ‘);
 x := Ord(TopFile^^.next^^.status);
 p2 := Concat(TopFile^^.next^^.filename, ‘ is ‘, Status[x], ‘.  ‘);
 p3 := ‘                                                             
 p4 := ‘Would you like a nice cool glass of lemonade?  ‘;
 ParamText(p1, p2, p3, p4);
 x := CautionAlert(301, NIL);

 PROCEDURE DisplayMsg;
 next : LmirHdl;
 newRect : Rect;
 SetRect(newRect, 80, 40, 430, 200);
 next := TopFile;
 writeln(‘   The File ‘, next^^.filename, ‘ is ‘, next^^.status);
 next := next^^.next;
 UNTIL next = topfile;
 Writeln(‘   Press mouse button to close files and exit’);
 WHILE NOT button DO

 PROCEDURE CloseThings;




*   1
Button Enabled
112 108 132 168

*   2
Button Enabled
112 246 132 306

*   3
StaticText Enabled
9 69 104 337

60 60 210 420

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5 reasons why 2v2 is the best mode in Cl...
Supercell has been teasing fans with 2v2 windows that allow players to team up for limited periods of time. The Summer of 2v2 was just this past July, but players are already clamoring for more of that sweet, sweet team-based action. The fans have... | Read more »
The best deals on the App Store this wee...
It seems like the week's only just started, and yet here we are with a huge pile of discounted games to sort through. There are some real doozies on sale this week. We're talking some truly stellar titles. Let's take a look at four of the best... | Read more »
Cat Quest Guide - How to become a purrfe...
Cat Quest is an absolutely charming open-world RPG that's taken the gaming world quite by storm. This game about a world populated by furry kitty warriors is actually a full-length RPG with sturdy mechanics and a lovely little story. It's certainly... | Read more »
Silly Walks Guide - How to strut your st...
Silly Walks is an all new adventure game that lives up to its name. It sees you playing as a variety of snack foods as you teeter-totter your way to rescue your friends from the evil blender and his villainous minions. It's all very . . . well... | Read more »
The best mobile point-and-click adventur...
Nostalgia for classic point-and-click adventure games has reached an all-time high in recent years, and the rise of mobile games have provided a perfect platform for this old-school genre. This week we're going to take a look at some of the best... | Read more »
Titanfall: Assault Beginner's Guide...
Respawn's dazzling mech battler Titanfall has gotten its first mobile game at long last -- Titanfall: Assault. Assault transforms that parkour FPS action into a card battler not dissimilar to Clash Royale. Titanfall: Assault isn't just another... | Read more »
Unobstruct (Utilities)
Unobstruct 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Utilities Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: You’re already reading web pages on a pretty small screen. Don’t let floating social media sharing toolbars and the like get in... | Read more »

Price Scanner via

New iOS 11 Productivity Features Welcome But...
The iOS community is in late summer holding mode awaiting the September arrival of the iPhone 8 and iOS 11. iOS 11 public betas have been available for months — number six was released this week —... Read more
Samsung Electronics Launches New Portable SSD...
Samsung Electronics America, Inc. has announced the launch of Samsung Portable SSD T5 – its newest portable solid state drive (PSSD) that raises the bar for the performance of external memory... Read more
TrendForce Reports YoY Gain of 3.6% for 2Q17...
Market research firm TrendForce reports that the global notebook shipments for this second quarter registered a sequential quarterly increase of 5.7% and a year-on-year increase of 3.6%, totaling 39.... Read more
Sale! 10-inch iPad Pros for $50 off MSRP, no...
B&H Photo has 10.5″ iPad Pros in stock today and on sale for $50 off MSRP. Each iPad includes free shipping, and B&H charges sales tax in NY & NJ only: – 10.5″ 64GB iPad Pro: $599, save $... Read more
Sale! 2017 13-inch Silver 2.3GHz MacBook Pro...
Amazon has new 2017 13″ 2.3GHz/128GB Silver MacBook Pro on sale today for $100 off MSRP including free shipping. Their price is the lowest available for this model from any reseller: – 13″ 2.3GHz/... Read more
WaterField Unveils Collaboratively-Designed,...
In collaboration with customers and seasoned travelers, San Francisco maker WaterField Designs set out to create the preeminent carry-on system to improve the experience of frequent fliers. The... Read more
Miya Notes Mac-Client for Google Keep (Launch...
MacPlus Software has announced te launch of Miya Notes for Google Keep 1.0, a powerful Mac-client for Google Keep. Millions of people use Google Keep on their phones and online, but a convenient Mac... Read more
Apple refurbished iMacs available starting at...
Apple has previous-generation Certified Refurbished 2015 21″ & 27″ iMacs available starting at $849. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping is free. The following models are... Read more
2017 13-inch MacBook Airs on sale for $100 of...
B&H Photo new 2017 13″ MacBook Airs on sale today for $100 off MSRP, starting at $899: – 13″ 1.8GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MQD32LL/A): $899, $100 off MSRP – 13″ 1.8GHz/256GB MacBook Air (MQD42LL/A... Read more
12-inch MacBooks on sale for $100 off MSRP
Amazon has 2017 12″ Retina MacBooks on sale for $100 off MSRP. Shipping is free: 12″ 1.2GHz Space Gray MacBook: $1199.99 $100 off MSRP 12″ 1.2GHz Silver MacBook: $1198 $101 off MSRP 12″ 1.2GHz Gold... Read more

Jobs Board

SW Engineer *Apple* TV - Apple Inc. (United...
Job Summary The Apple TV team is looking for an experienced engineer with a passion for delivering first in class home entertainment solutions. The candidate will Read more
Development Operations and Site Reliability E...
Development Operations and Site Reliability Engineer, Apple Payment Gateway Job Number: 57572631 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: Jul. 27, 2017 Read more
Frameworks Engineering Manager, *Apple* Wat...
Frameworks Engineering Manager, Apple Watch Job Number: 41632321 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: Jun. 15, 2017 Weekly Hours: 40.00 Job Summary Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant - Apple Inc. (U...
Job Summary As an Apple Solutions Consultant, you'll be the link between our future customers and our products. You'll showcase your entrepreneurial spirit as you Read more
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