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Menu Definition
Volume Number:2
Issue Number:8
Column Tag:Pascal Procedures

Menu Definition Routines

By Darryl Lovato, TML Systems, Inc.

Introduction

Hello, as promised, we will cover Menu Definition Routines this month. What is a Menu Definition Routine? It is a procedure that defines a particular type of menu. The routine controls the way menus are drawn, and how items within it are selected. In general, Menu Definition routines define a given menu's appearance and behavior. The standard type of Macintosh menu is pre-defined for you and it is stored in the system file. You may however, want to define your own type of menu. The pattern selection menu in MacDraw is a good example of a non-standard menu.

The menu definition procedure I decided to use for an example doesn't create a non-standard menu but it shows exactly how the standard menu definition works! The standard definition routine was written in 68000 Assembler, by Andy Hertzsfield (my Hero) but ours will be written in TML Pascal (with the exception of one routine, which couldn't be written with Pascal, so I wrote it in 68000 Assembler). There isn't any noticeable speed difference between the standard Menu Def and our imitation.

An example of a non-standard Menu

The Pascal definition and general outline of a Menu definition procedure follows:

{1}

procedure MyMenu(message : integer;
 theMenu :  MenuHandle;
 var menuRect :  Rect;
 hitPt :  Point;
 var whichItem : Integer);

procedure DoDrawMessage(aMenu :   MenuHandle;
 aRect :  Rect);
  begin
  ...{draw the menu in menurect}
  end;

procedure DoChooseMessage(aMenu : MenuHandle;
 aRect :  Rect;
 aPt :  Point;
 var aItem :   Integer);
  begin
  ...{see what item aPt is in and select it}
  end;

procedure DoSizeMessage(aMenu : MenuHandle);
  begin
  ...{calculate the width and height of aMenu}
  end;

begin
  case message of
    mDrawMsg :
      DoDrawMessage(theMenu, menuRect);
    mChooseMsg :
      DoCooseMessage(theMenu, menuRect,
 hitPt, whichItem);
    mSizeMsg :
     DoSizeMessage(theMenu);
  end;
end;

The Parameters

The message parameter tells type of operation to perform. It can be one of the following values:

mDrawMsg - Draw the menu.

mChooseMsg - Choose a item.

mSizeMsg - Calculate the menu's height & width.

The 'theMenu' parameter is a MenuHandle to the menu we are to perform the action on.

The 'menuRect' is the rectangle in which the menu is in. It is in global coordinates.

The 'hitPt' parameter is the point (again, in global coordinates) that the mouse was pressed. It is only valid during a 'mChooseMsg'.

The 'whichItem' parameter holds the item number that is currently selected. You pass the result of your hit test back to the menu manager in this parameter.

The DoSizeMessage Procedure

When we are passed the mSizeMsg message, we need to calculate the width and height of the menu passed in theMenu parameter. The results are returned in the menu records Width and Height fields respectively. For a menu which has only one size, MacDraw's pattern selection menu, for example, this is real easy- just assign the width and height fields their constant values. For your example, which has variable widths and heights, it is a little harder.

The way we do this is have a variable that holds the cumulative vertical distance and another which holds the greatest horizontal distance. We loop through each item, first getting all its attributes (icon, text, cmd key...). Then we add the current items height to the cumulative height variable (36 if it has a icon, 16 otherwise). We must also find the items width; this is done by checking for icons, cmd keys, the items string width, etc. If this items width is greater than all others we have encountered so far, then we update the greatest width variable. When we have done this for all items in the menu, we return the results in the menu record fields Width and Height.

The DoDrawMessage Procedure

The DoDrawMessage is called when we receive a mDrawMsg from the menu manager. In response to this, we draw the menu items in theRect. When we are called, the current port will be the WindowMgrPort and the boarder around the menu will already be drawn. Again, we just go through a loop, looking at every item. If the item has an icon, we draw it and bump the location of where the text will go down half the size of the icon. We draw the markChar, if any. Then we draw the items text, and finally, the items keyboard equivalent, if any.

The DoChooseMessage Procedure

When we receive a mChooseMsg we call the DoChooseMessage and pass it the following parameters. The 'aPt' parameter is the mouse location that we need to check for. The 'whichItem' parameter is the item number of the last item that was choosen from this menu (initially 0). First we check to see if the point is in the menus rect, if not, we return 0. Otherwise, we see if the point is in an enabled item, if not, we return 0. If it was in an enabled item, we need to unhilite the old item (unless they are the same), hilite the new item (again, unless they are the same), and return the item it was in.

Getting the Menu Manager to Use our Def

Now that we have our definition routine defined, how do we get the Menu Manager to use our definition routine instead of the standard one (even thought they act the same)? One method of doing this follows:

1. Get the handle to the menu by calling NewMenu or GetNewMenu.

2. Put a new handle in the menuProc field of the menu record.

3. Make that point to the address of our MenuDefRoutine.

myMenuHdl := GetNewMenu(...);
myMenuHdl^^.menuProc := NewHandle(0);
myMenuHdl^^.menuProc^ := Ptr(@TheMenuProc);

Other Points of Interest

The assembly routine we use in this example simply returns the keyboard equivalent of a menu item. Since there is no standard trap to do this, and it can't be done with Pascal, no- wait a minuite...it can be done with Pascal. But it is a lot easier with assembly, so there! Anyway, it simply walks through the menu record until it finds 'theItem', and it gets its keyboard equivalent and returns it. It's Pascal declaration is :

procedure GetItemKey(theMenu : MenuHandle;
 theItem : Integer;
 var theChar : Char); external;

This is only one type of menu def, the number of possible menu definition routines that can be made are as big as your imagination, and, of course, available memory. For example, in addition to the MacDraw type MDEF I have done for the TML Examples Disks, I have done a Hierarchical Menu Definition routine. The way it works is this: to define a sub-menu in a menu, you simply add the string '|XXX' to the item you want to have the sub-menu. The XXX is the resource id of the menu you want to be the sub menu of the item. So, when I am supposed to draw the menu or calculate the menu's size, I strip out the '|XXX' string. Where it gets fancy is when you get the choose message, and you move onto an item that has a submenu ('|XXX' in its string). When this happens, I call a Pascal version of Mike Shuster's PopUpSelect routine [published in MacTutor December 1985 issue and available as a back issue for $4] for the menu with the res ID XXX. If the same conditions occur in the PopUpSelect routine, which calls the Definition Routine, I call it again. Can you say RECURSION ? I knew you could.

A good use for this type of Menu Def is a Character Menu, its items are Font, Size, and Style. When you move the mouse over one of these items, a list of fonts, a list of available sizes, or a list of styles appear in the sub menu. The advantage of this is that it only took one place in the menu bar to implement 3 separate menus.

Next Month...

Next month we will cover the wonderful world of Window Definition Routines. We will go through an example that shows how the standard window definition routine works. I would suggest reading the Window Manager section of Inside Macintosh, especially the section on "Defining Your Own Windows". If you have any questions/suggestions or other form of abuse, drop me a line in care of MacTutor. Or better yet, buy the TML Examples Disks, there is 3 MDEF Examples in them. Its been real...

Pascal Source Code
{################################################
#
#RegMDEF.Pas
#
#     (Regular Menu Definition Routine Example)    
#      ( just like apples, except in Pascal )
#
#This program was written by Darryl Lovato.              
#Copyright (c) 1986 by TML Systems.   
#
#################################################}

program RegMDEF;

{------------------------- Compiler Directives ---------------------------}

  {$B+    } { Tell the linker to set the bundle bit}
  {$T APPL RMDF  } {  type to Appl and creator to RMDF}
  {$I MemTypes.ipas} { Include the Memory Declarations}
  {$I QuickDraw.ipas}{ Include  QuickDraw Declarations}
  {$I OSIntf.ipas} { Include the OS Declarations}
  {$I ToolIntf.ipas} { Include the Toolbox Declarations}
  {$L RegMDEFRsrc} { Tell the linker to link the resources}
  {$U RegMDEFGlue} { link our assembly code in too...}
 
{--------------------------- Global Constants ----------------------------}

  const
    appleMenu = 300; { Resource ID of the Apple menu}
    fileMenu = 301;{ Resource ID of the File menu}
    editMenu = 302;{ Resource ID of the Edit menu}    
    
    beginMenu = 300; { Res ID of first menu in menu bar}
    endMenu = 302; { Res ID of last menu in menu bar}
    RegMenu = 500; { Res ID of our regular menu}

{--------------------------- Global Variables ------------------------------}

  var
   { The menus in menu bar}
    myMenus : array[beginMenu..endMenu] of MenuHandle;
    Finished : Boolean; { Set to true when were done}
    screenPort : GrafPtr; { the window mngr port}
    MyRegMenu : MenuHandle; { my regular menu handle}

{--------------------- Assembly Procedures ----------------------------}

procedure GetItemKey(theMenu : MenuHandle;
 theItem : Integer;
 var theChar : Char); external;

{------------------- ChkOnOffItem procedure --------------------------}

procedure ChkOnOffItem(MenuHdl:MenuHandle; item, first,        
 last:Integer);
var
  i: integer;
begin
  for i := first to last do
    begin
      if item = i then
        CheckItem(MenuHdl, i, true) {check it on in menu}
      else
        CheckItem(MenuHdl, i, false); {check it off in menu}
    end;
end;
    
{----------------------- MenuDef Procedure -----------------------------}

procedure MyMenuDef(message : Integer; { what do  we do?}
 theMenu : MenuHandle;    { what menu ?}
 var menuRect : Rect;{ in what rect?}
 hitPt : Point;  { where's mouse?}
 var whichItem : Integer);{ what item is it?}

{--------------------- semi-global constants ----------------------------}

  const
    MBarHeight = 20;

{----------------------- DimRect procedure ------------------------------}

  procedure DimRect(theRect : Rect);
    begin
      PenPat(gray);
      PenMode(patBic);
      PaintRect(theRect);
      PenNormal;
    end;

{--------------------- GetItemsRect Function ---------------------------}
 
   function GetItemsRect(myMenu : MenuHandle;
       myRect : Rect;
       theItem : Integer) : Rect;
    var
      Index : Integer;
      currentRect : Rect;
      itemIcon : Byte;
    begin
      currentRect.bottom := myRect.top; { initialize current rect}
      currentRect.left := myRect.left;
      currentRect.right := myRect.right;
      for index := 1 to theItem do
 begin
   GetItemIcon(myMenu,index,itemIcon);

   currentRect.top := currentRect.bottom; { update rect }
   if itemIcon <> 0 then
     currentRect.bottom := currentRect.top + 36
   else 
     currentRect.bottom := currentRect.top + 16;
 end;
      GetItemsRect := currentRect; { return result}
    end;
 
{--------------- DoDrawMessage Procedure -----------------------}

  procedure DoDrawMessage(myMenu : MenuHandle;
   myRect : Rect);
    const
      MBarHeight = 20;
    var
      currentItem : Integer;
      currentRect : Rect;
      itemString : str255;
      itemIcon : Byte;
      itemMark : Char;
      itemStyle : Style;
      itemKey : Char;
      thePoint : Point;
      theIcon : Handle;
      iconRect : Rect;
      NewVert : Integer;

    begin
      currentRect.bottom := myRect.top; { initialize  current rect}
      currentRect.left := myRect.left;
      currentRect.right := myRect.right;
      for currentItem := 1 to CountMItems(myMenu) do{ all  items}
        begin
   GetItem(myMenu,currentItem,itemString);{ get info }
   GetItemIcon(myMenu,currentItem,itemIcon);
   GetItemMark(myMenu,currentItem,itemMark);
   GetItemStyle(myMenu,currentItem,itemStyle);
   GetItemKey(myMenu,currentItem,itemKey);

   currentRect.top := currentRect.bottom; { update rect }
   if itemIcon <> 0 then
     currentRect.bottom := currentRect.top + 36
   else 
     currentRect.bottom := currentRect.top + 16;
   
   if itemString = '-' then { special case '-' item}
     begin
       PenPat(Gray);
       moveTo(currentRect.left,currentRect.top + 8);
       Line(currentRect.right,0);
       PenPat(Black);
     end
   else { draw the other item stuff}
     begin  {get baseline}
       NewVert := ((currentRect.bottom - currentRect.top)
 DIV 2);
       NewVert := currentRect.top + 4 + NewVert; 
       MoveTo(currentRect.left + 2,newVert);
       
       if itemMark <> Chr(0) then
         DrawChar(itemMark);
       
       if itemIcon <> 0 then { draw the icon}
         begin
   iconRect.top := currentRect.top + 2;
   iconRect.bottom := iconRect.top + 32;
   iconRect.left := currentRect.left + 13;
   iconRect.right := iconRect.left + 32;
   theIcon := GetIcon(256 + itemIcon);
   PlotIcon(iconRect,theIcon);
   GetPen(thePoint);
              MoveTo(currentRect.left + 47,thePoint.v); 
 end
       else { otherwise, just move over a bit}
         begin
   GetPen(thePoint);
   MoveTo(currentRect.left + 13,thePoint.v); 
 end;

      TextFace(itemStyle);
      DrawString(itemString);
      TextFace([]);
      
      if itemKey <> Chr(0) then { draw key equiv}
        begin
  GetPen(thePoint);
  MoveTo(currentRect.right - 24,thePoint.v);
  DrawChar(Chr($11)); { draw cmd char symbol}
  DrawChar(itemKey); { and the cmd key}
        end;
 
      if (BitAnd(myMenu^^.enableFlags,1) = 0) then{disabled!}
        DimRect(currentRect);
      if (BitAnd(BitShift(
 myMenu^^.enableFlags,-currentItem),1) = 0) then
        DimRect(currentRect);
 
    end; { of if itemString = '-' then..else..}
 end;
    end; { of DoDrawMessage}

{------------- DoChooseMessage Procedure ---------------------}
  
  function DoChooseMessage(myMenu : MenuHandle;
   myRect : Rect;
 myPoint : Point;
 oldItem : Integer) : Integer;
    var
      theItem : Integer;
      ItemsRect : Rect;
    begin
      if PtInRect(myPoint,myRect) then
        begin
   theItem := 1;
   repeat
            ItemsRect := GetItemsRect(myMenu, myRect, theItem);
     theItem := theItem + 1;
   until PtInRect(myPoint,itemsRect);
   theItem := theItem - 1; { undo last increment}

   if (BitAnd(myMenu^^.enableFlags,1) = 0) or 
     (BitAnd(BitShift(
 myMenu^^.enableFlags,-theItem),1) = 0) then
       begin
         theItem := 0;
       end;

   if theItem <> oldItem then {de-select old, select new}
     begin
       if oldItem <> 0 then { deselect old}
 InvertRect(GetItemsRect(
 myMenu, myRect,oldItem));
       if theItem <> 0 then
    InvertRect(GetItemsRect(myMenu, myRect,theItem));
     end;
   DoChooseMessage := theItem; { return result}
 end
      else { it was not in our menu}
        begin
   if oldItem <> 0 then { we need to de-select old item}
     InvertRect(GetItemsRect(myMenu, myRect,oldItem));
   DoChooseMessage := 0; { return result}
 end;
    end;

{----------------- DoSizeMessage Procedure -----------------------}

  procedure DoSizeMessage(var myMenu : MenuHandle);
    var
      MaxWidth : integer; { keep track of the maximum width}
      TotalHeight : integer;{ keep track of the total height}
      currentItem : integer;{ the menu item we are looking at}
      itemString : Str255;{ text of the curren menu item}
      itemIcon : Byte;  { resource id of the menu items icon}
      itemMark : char;  { the items mark}
      itemStyle : Style;  { the items character style}
      itemKey : Char;{ the keyboard equiv}
      tempWidth : Integer;{ the current items width}
      
    begin
      MaxWidth := 0; { initailize width}
      TotalHeight := 0; { initialize height}
      for currentItem := 1 to CountMItems(myMenu) do 
 begin
   GetItem(myMenu,currentItem,itemString); { get text}
   GetItemIcon(myMenu,currentItem,itemIcon); {get icon}
   GetItemMark(myMenu,currentItem,itemMark); { char}
   GetItemStyle(myMenu,currentItem,itemStyle); { style}
   GetItemKey(myMenu,currentItem,itemKey); { get key}
   
   tempWidth := 13; { indent a bit}
   if itemIcon <> 0 then
     tempWidth := tempWidth + 35; { make room for  icon}
   TextFace(itemStyle); { set to items style}
   tempWidth := tempWidth + StringWidth(itemString) + 4;
   TextFace([]); {return to normal}
   if itemKey <> Chr(0) then
     tempWidth := tempWidth + 30;

   if tempWidth > MaxWidth then
     MaxWidth := tempWidth;
   if itemKey <> chr(0) then
     tempWidth := tempWidth + 20;
   
   if itemIcon <> 0 then
     TotalHeight := totalHeight + 36 { add lots of space}
   else
     TotalHeight := totalHeight + 16; { add enough for text}
 end;
      with myMenu^^ do
        begin
   menuWidth := MaxWidth; { save result in menu record}
   menuHeight := TotalHeight; { ditto...}
 end;
    end;

{----------- Case on message and call procedure ------------------}

begin
  case message of
    mSizeMsg :
      begin
        DoSizeMessage(theMenu);
      end;
    mDrawMsg : 
      begin
        DoDrawMessage(theMenu,menuRect);
      end;
    mChooseMsg :
      begin
        whichItem := DoChooseMessage(
 theMenu,menuRect,hitPt,whichItem);
      end;
  end;
end;

{---------------- process the menu selection ------------------------}

  procedure ProcessMenu(CodeWord : LongInt);

    var
      menuNum : Integer; { Res ID of the menu Selected}
      itemNum : Integer;{ The item number selected}
      nameHolder : str255; { the name of the desk acc.}
      dummy : Integer; { just a dummy}
      AboutRecord : DialogRecord;{ the actual object}
      AboutDlog : DialogPtr; { a pointer to my dialog}

    begin
      menuNum := HiWord(CodeWord); { get the menu number}
      itemNum := LoWord(CodeWord); { get the item number}
      if itemNum > 0 then { ok to handle the menu?}
        begin
   case MenuNum of
     appleMenu :
       begin
         case ItemNum of
   1:
     begin
       AboutDlog := GetNewDialog(
 3000,@AboutRecord,Pointer(-1));
       ModalDialog(nil,dummy);
       CloseDialog(AboutDlog);
     end;
   2:begin
     end;
   otherwise
     begin
       GetItem(myMenus[appleMenu],
 ItemNum,NameHolder);
       dummy := OpenDeskAcc(NameHolder);
     end;
 end;
       end;
     fileMenu :
       begin
         Finished := true;
       end;
     editMenu :
       begin
         if not SystemEdit(ItemNum - 1) then
   begin
     {we dont support any other editing}
   end;
       end;
     RegMenu : 
       begin
         if ItemNum <> 0 then
   begin
     if itemNum > 3 then
       ChkOnOffItem(MyRegMenu, ItemNum, 4, 9);
   end;
       end;
   end; { of case menuNum of}
 end;   { of if CodeWord...}
   HiliteMenu(0);
    end;{ of process menu}

{-------------------------- Main Event loop -------------------------------}

  procedure MainEventLoop;

    type
      trickType = packed record{ to get around pascal's typing }
        case boolean of
   true :
     (I : LongInt);
   false :
     (chr3, chr2, chr1, chr0 : Char);
 end;

    var
      Event : EventRecord;{ Filled by Get next event}
      windowLoc : integer;{ the mouse location}
      mouseLoc : point; { the area it was in }
      theWindow : WindowPtr;{ Dummy, have no windows}
      trickVar : trickType; { because of pascal's typing}
      CharCode : Char;  { for command keys}
    begin
      repeat{ do this until we selected quit}
 SystemTask;{ Take care of desk accessories}
 if GetNextEvent(everyEvent,Event) then
   begin
     case event.what of { case out on the event type}
       mouseDown : { we had a mouse-down event     }
 begin
   mouseLoc := Event.where;{ wheres the mouse}
   windowLoc := FindWindow(mouseLoc,
 theWindow); 
   case windowLoc of { now case on the location}
     inMenuBar :
       ProcessMenu(MenuSelect(MouseLoc)); 
     inSysWindow:
       SystemClick(Event,theWindow); {In desk acc}
   end;
 end;
       keyDown,AutoKey :  { we had the user hit a key}
         begin
   trickVar.I := Event.Message;  { fill the longWord     }
   CharCode := trickVar.chr0;{ and pull off low-byte}
  if BitAnd(Event.modifiers,CmdKey) = CmdKey then 
     ProcessMenu(MenuKey(CharCode));
 end;
     end; { of case event.what...}
   end; { end of if Get Next event}
      until(Finished);    { end of repeat statement}
    end;{ of main event loop}

{----------------- SetUp Everything -------------------------------}

  procedure SetUpThings;

    type
      ProcHdl = ^ProcPtr;

    var
      index : integer;    { used in a for loop     }
     
    begin
      for index := beginMenu to endMenu do
        begin
   myMenus[index] := GetMenu(index);{ Get next menu}
 end;
      AddResMenu(myMenus[appleMenu],'DRVR'); 
      for index := beginMenu to endMenu do
 InsertMenu(myMenus[index],0);{ Insert the menu    }

    { #*#*#*#*#* here is the non-standard menu*#*#*#*#*#*#*# }

      MyRegMenu := GetMenu(500); { make a new Menu}
      MyRegMenu^^.menuProc := NewHandle(0);
      MyRegMenu^^.menuProc^ := Ptr(@MyMenuDef);

      Insertmenu(MyRegMenu,0);{ and add it to the menu list}
      CalcMenuSize(MyRegMenu);{ and calculate its size}
      DrawMenuBar; { Now draw the menu bar   }
      ChkOnOffItem(MyRegMenu, 4, 4, 9);{check  item in  menu}
    end;

{-------------------- Initialize Everything ----------------------------}

  procedure InitThings;
    begin
      InitGraf(@thePort); { create grafPort for screen}
      MoreMasters; { create bunch of master Ptr's}
      MoreMasters; {  wont need to worry about}
      MoreMasters; { heap fragmentation later!}
      MaxApplZone; { make sure we have lots!}
      InitFonts; { Startup the Font manager}
      InitWindows; { Startup the Window manager}
      InitMenus; { Startup the Menu manager}
      TEInit;    { initialize text edit}
      InitDialogs(nil);   { initialize dialogs     }
      InitCursor;{ make the cursor an arrow}
    end;

{--------------------- Main Program Seg ------------------------------}

begin
  InitThings;
  SetUpThings;
  Finished := false;
  MainEventLoop;
end.
Assembly Source Code
;###############################################
;#
;# procedure GetItemKey(theMenu : MenuHandle;
;# theItem : Integer;
;# var theChar : Char);
;#
;#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
;#
;# This assembly proc returns the current command key 
;# which is assigned to theItem.
;#
;################################################

;--------------------------- Equates -----------------------------------

; menuinfo data structure

menuID  equ 0  ; unique id for menu bar [word]
menuWidth equ  2 ; menu Width [word]
menuHeightequ  4 ; menu Height [word]
menuDefHandle  equ 6 ; menu definition proc [handle]
menuEnableequ  $A; enable flgs, one bit/item [long]
menuDataequ $E ; menu item string [string]
menuBlkSize equ  $E; menu block plus dataString

; menu string data structure

itemIconequ 0  ; icon byte
itemCmd equ 1  ; command key byte
itemMarkequ 2  ; checkmark character byte
itemStyle equ  3 ; style byte

.Trap _CountMItems $A950 ; trap word 

;--------------------------- XREF's ------------------------------------

 xdef GetItemKey ; so the linker will find us

;------------------------ Entrance -----------------------------------

GetItemKey
 link A6,#0 ; create new stack frame
 movem.l A0-A4/D0-D3,-(SP) ; save registers

;---------------------- Pop Parameters -------------------------------

 clr.l  D2; make sure it is empty
 clr.l  D1; ditto...
 clr.l  D0; ditto...

 clr.w  -(SP)    ; make room for result
 move.l 14(A6),-(SP); push MenuHandle
 _CountMItems    ; how many are in this menu?
 move.w (SP)+,D3 ; pop result

 move.l 14(A6),A4; fetch the menu handle
 move.w 12(A6),D1; fetch the item number
 movea.l8(A6),A3 ; fetch ptr to the char Ptr(word)

 cmp.w  D1,D3  ; num of Menu Items < theItem?
 blt  BadItem    ; yep, exit

;-------------------- Find the Cmd Key --------------------------------

 move.l (A4),A4  ; get menu ptr
 lea  menuData(A4),A4; now A4 points to menu title
 move.b (A4),D2  ; get length of menu title
 add.b  #1,D2    ; skip length byte

; (A4,D2) now points to the first menu items title (length byte)

nextItem
 sub.b  #1,D1    ; decrement count
 beq    GotItem  ; if 0, return its cmd char
 move.b (A4,D2),D0 ; get length of the title
 add    D0,D2  ; and skip it
 add    #5,D2    ; skipe item attrib& length byte
 bra    nextItem ; and look at the next item

;------------------------ Got the Item ----------------------------------

GotItem
 move.b (A4,D2),D0 ; get length of title
 add    D0,D2  ; and skip it
 add    #1,D2    ; skip length byte, too...
 clr.w  D0; make sure its empty
 move.b  itemCmd(A4,D2),D0
  ; get the key equivalent
 move.w D0,(A3)  ; and return it
 bra    Exit; and exit

;------------------- No Item Found ---------------------------------

BadItem
 clr.w  (A3); return no cmd char and exit
 
;-------------------- Clean Up & Exit --------------------------------

Exit
 movem.l(SP)+,A0-A4/D0-D3 ; restore registers
 unlk   A6; restore stack frame
 movea.l(SP)+,A0 ; save return address
 adda.l #10,SP ; clean up stack
 jmp    (A0); ... and return
Link File For TML Pascal
!PAS$Xfer

/Globals -4
RegMDEF
Pascal System:PAS$Library
OSTraps
ToolTraps
Pascal System:RegMDEFGlue
/Resources
Pascal System:RegMDEFRsrc
/Bundle
/Type 'APPL' 'RMDF'
$ 
Resource File For RMaker
*
*   Resource listing: "RegMDEFRsrc".
*

RegMDEFRsrc


TYPE RMDF=STR 
 ,0
Window Definition Procedure 

TYPE BNDL      ,128
RMDF  0
ICN#
0 128  1 129
FREF
0 128  

Type DLOG
     ,3000 (4)
New Dialog
56 74 312 444
Visible GoAway 
1
0
3000

Type DITL
     ,3000
8
*   1
BtnItem Enabled
200 239 237 324
Okay

*   2
StatText Disabled
16 83 34 284
MacLanguage Series™ Pascal

*   3
StatText Disabled
34 69 50 293
Advanced Programming Examples

*   4
StatText Disabled
61 52 77 307
- Standard Menu Definition Example -

*   5
StatText Disabled
90 6 139 368
Written by Darryl Lovato.++
\0DSpecial thanks to Robert Ulrich.++
\0DCopyright © 1986 by TML Systems. ++
All rights reserved. 

*   6
StatText Disabled
147 7 180 364
Complete source code for this example ++
(and others) is available from:

*   7
StatText Disabled
183 60 250 198
TML Systems, Inc. ++
\0DP.O. Box 361626 ++
\0DMelbourne, Fl 32936\0D(305) 242-1873

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Cyberduck 4.7.1 - FTP and SFTP browser....
Cyberduck is a robust FTP/FTP-TLS/SFTP browser for the Mac whose lack of visual clutter and cleverly intuitive features make it easy to use. Support for external editors and system technologies such... Read more
PDFpen 7.2 - Edit and annotate PDFs with...
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Skype 7.9.746 - Voice-over-internet phon...
Skype allows you to talk to friends, family and co-workers across the Internet without the inconvenience of long distance telephone charges. Using peer-to-peer data transmission technology, Skype... Read more
Apple GarageBand 10.1 - Complete recordi...
The new GarageBand is a whole music creation studio right inside your Mac -- complete with keyboard, synths, orchestral and percussion instruments, presets for guitar and voice, an entirely... Read more
Duplicate Annihilator 5.7.7 - Find and d...
Duplicate Annihilator takes on the time-consuming task of comparing the images in your iPhoto library using effective algorithms to make sure that no duplicate escapes. Duplicate Annihilator... Read more
OS X Server 4.1.3 - For OS X 10.10 Yosem...
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Firefox 39.0 - Fast, safe Web browser. (...
Firefox offers a fast, safe Web browsing experience. Browse quickly, securely, and effortlessly. With its industry-leading features, Firefox is the choice of Web development professionals and casual... Read more
pwSafe 4.1 - Secure password management...
pwSafe provides simple and secure password management across devices and computers. pwSafe uses iCloud to keep your password databases backed-up and synced between Macs and iOS devices. It is... Read more
Kodi 15.0.rc1 - Powerful media center to...
Kodi (was XBMC) is an award-winning free and open-source (GPL) software media player and entertainment hub that can be installed on Linux, OS X, Windows, iOS, and Android, featuring a 10-foot user... Read more
Coda 2.5.11 - One-window Web development...
Coda is a powerful Web editor that puts everything in one place. An editor. Terminal. CSS. Files. With Coda 2, we went beyond expectations. With loads of new, much-requested features, a few surprises... Read more

This Week at 148Apps: June 29-July 3, 20...
Into July With 148Apps How do you know what apps are worth your time and money? Just look to the review team at 148Apps. We sort through the chaos and find the apps you're looking for. The ones we love become Editor’s Choice, standing out above the... | Read more »
Sonic Runners Guide
Despite its flaws, Sonic Runners' platforming action is actually quite fun. Though it can be a little more complicated than old-school Sonic games. Here's how to make sure you're up to speed when jumping in. [Read more] | Read more »
Rage of Bahamut is Giving Almost All of...
The App Store isn't what it used to be back in 2012, so it's not unexpected to see some games changing their structures with the times. Now we can add Rage of Bahamut to that list with the recent announcement that the game is severely cutting back... | Read more »
Adventures of Pip (Games)
Adventures of Pip 1.0 Device: iOS iPhone Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: ** ONE WEEK ONLY — 66% OFF! *** “Adventures of Pip is a delightful little platformer full of charm, challenge and impeccable... | Read more »
Divide By Sheep - Tips, Tricks, and Stre...
Who would have thought splitting up sheep could be so involved? Anyone who’s played Divide by Sheep, that’s who! While we’re not about to give you complete solutions to everything (because that’s just cheating), we will happily give you some... | Read more »
NaturalMotion and Zynga Have Started Tea...
An official sequel to 2012's CSR Racing is officially on the way, with Zynga and NaturalMotion releasing a short teaser trailer to get everyone excited. Well, as excited as one can get from a trailer with no gameplay footage, anyway. [Read more] | Read more »
Grab a Friend and Pick up Overkill 3, Be...
Overkill 3 is a pretty enjoyable third-person shooter that was sort of begging for some online multiplayer. Fortunately the begging can stop, because its newest update has added an online co-op mode. [Read more] | Read more »
Scanner Pro's Newest Update Adds Au...
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Heroki (Games)
Heroki 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $7.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: CLEAR THE SKIES FOR A NEW HERO!The peaceful sky village of Levantia is in danger! The dastardly Dr. N. Forchin and his accomplice,... | Read more »
Wars of the Roses (Games)
Wars of the Roses 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple refurbished Mac minis available startin...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 Mac minis available starting at $419. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and shipping is free: - 1.4GHz Mac mini: $419 $80 off... Read more
College Student Deals: Additional $100 off Ma...
Take an additional $100 off all MacBooks and iMacs at Best Buy Online with their College Students Deals Savings, valid through August 8, 2015. Anyone with a valid .EDU email address can take... Read more
Sky Atlas Star Walk 2 App For iPhone And iPa...
Vito Technology, developer of educational apps for Android and iOS, is for a limited time offering free of charge their Star Walk 2, the next generation of the company’s best-selling stargazing guide... Read more
13-inch 1.6GHz MacBook Air on sale for $849,...
Amazon has the 2015 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air on sale for $849.99 including free shipping. Their price is $150 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this model. Read more
13-inch 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $999,...
Adorama has the 13-inch 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $999 including free shipping plus NY & NJ sales tax only. Their price is $100 off MSRP. Read more
Updated Mac Price Trackers
We’ve updated our Mac Price Trackers with the latest information on prices, bundles, and availability on systems from Apple’s authorized internet/catalog resellers: - 15″ MacBook Pros - 13″ MacBook... Read more
15-inch Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to...
B&H Photo has new 2015 15″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to $225 off MSRP including free shipping plus NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro: $1819 $180 off - 15″ 2.5GHz Retina... Read more
RamDisk4Mac App Helps Run Your Mac Faster And...
Ever use a RAM disk? If you’ve come to the Mac in the OS X era, likely not. The Classic Mac OS had a RAM disk function built-in, but that was dropped in the conversion to OS X. What is a RAM disk?... Read more
13-inch 1.6GHz MacBook Air on sale for $849,...
Best Buy has the 2015 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air on sale for $849.99 on their online store this weekend. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Sale price for online orders... Read more
Apple Refurbished iMacs available for up to $...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished iMacs available for up to $380 off the cost of new models. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping is free: - 27″ 3.5GHz 5K iMac – $1949 $... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant - Retail Sales...
**Job Summary** As an Apple Solutions Consultant (ASC) you are the link between our customers and our products. Your role is to drive the Apple business in a retail Read more
Senior Payments Security Manager - *Apple*...
**Job Summary** Apple , Inc. is looking for a highly motivated, innovative and hands-on senior payments security manager to join the Apple Pay security team. You will Read more
Sr. Technical Services Consultant, *Apple*...
**Job Summary** Apple Professional Services (APS) has an opening for a senior technical position that contributes to Apple 's efforts for strategic and transactional Read more
Sr. Payment Program Manager, *Apple* Pay -...
**Job Summary** Apple Pay is an exciting environment and a…devices in a simple, private and secure way. The Apple Pay Team is looking for an experienced Senior Read more
Project Manager - *Apple* Pay Security - Ap...
**Job Summary** The Apple Pay Security team is seeking a highly organized, results-driven Project Manager to drive the development of Apple Pay Security. If you are Read more
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