TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Printing Techniques 1
Volume Number:1
Issue Number:8
Column Tag:Basic School

"Printing Techniques"

By Dave Kelly, Hybrids Engineer, Hughes Aircraft Co., MacTutor Editorial Board

This month's column features a guide to printing on the Macintosh. The ability of the Macintosh to make our documents look good is one of the things that attracted me to the Mac. There are some choices to make when printing via Microsoft BASIC.

MSBASIC PRINTING

MSBASIC offers the following commands for printing:

BASIC PRINT COMMANDS

LCOPY - Sends a copy of screen to the printer just like command shift-4. (standard quality)

LIST,filename - see below for valid filenames.

LLIST - same as LIST,filename when filename = "LPT1:DIRECT" see more below.

LPOS - gives the position of the print head (not necessarily the physical position).

LPRINT - works just like PRINT except it prints to the printer instead of the screen. Draft quality.

LPRINT USING - works just like PRINT USING except it prints to the printer instead of the screen. Draft quality

OPEN # / CLOSE # - output to printer is specified by the filespec. Used the same as in storing files to a sequential file.

PRINT # - use with OPEN and CLOSE. Same as output to a sequential file.

PRINT # USING - use with OPEN and CLOSE. Same as output to a sequential file.

WIDTH # - used to set the line width size and print-zone parameters (similar to tab stops) for the printer.

WIDTH output-device - same as WIDTH #

WIDTH LPRINT - same as WIDTH #

WINDOW OUTPUT # - allows the printer to print subsequent graphics as determined by subsequent graphics statements such as CIRCLE, PSET, PICTURE, and calls to the Macintosh ROM routines. See sample program.

WRITE # - use with OPEN and CLOSE. Same as output to a sequential file.

The filespec, output-device, or filename may be one of the following:

"LPT1:" - All data written to a file opened to this output-device will be directed to the lineprinter. Prints in standard quality and issues a printer form feed when done. Supports graphics.

"LPT1:DIRECT" - When this is used, BASIC sends data to the printer as ASCII characters. The printer will respond to all normal printer codes just as it would connected to some other computer. Prints draft quality with no form feed. Fastest way to print. No graphics.

"LPT1:PROMPT" - This calls the standard page setup and printer quality dialog boxes and allows you to choose and quality of printing. Also allows 50% reduction if you have the new imagewriter driver installed. There is no known way to print high quality without using this output-device. Perhaps there is a way to call the imagewriter driver directly?? Graphics is supported only when High and Standard quality print is selected.

Now the decision is up to you. MSBASIC supplies the tools to print just about anything that can be printed to the screen. When the file-spec is set to one of the modes that supports graphics, (LPT1: or LPT1:PROMPT) whatever font has been specified with the TEXTFONT and other related commands will appear in the proper font as expected. When printing in draft quality modes, graphics is not supported and the font used is the one built in to the printer. One thing missing is the ability to output high quality printing without having to go through the dialogs. There may be a way to call the imagewriter driver directly to do this, but I haven't discovered how to do that yet.

It should be noted that the TAB and SPC functions may only be used with PRINT and LPRINT. This should not be much of a problem though.

The program below demonstrates how to print graphics created within a MSBASIC program. The "LPT1:PROMPT" output- device specification is used. This allows you to print with any quality of printing. The program uses the PICTURE statement to create a sine wave drawing. The menu lets you print on the screen or the printer or do a screen dump using the LCOPY statement. The WINDOW OUTPUT # statement is used to send graphics output to the printer. The WINDOW OUTPUT # statement saves graphics commands and sends them to the printer when the output file is closed. In this program I have used the ROM functions PAINTOVAL, ERASEOVAL, and FRAMEOVAL to draw a sinewave either on the screen or on the printer. The ROM functions are well documented in the MSBASIC 2.0 manual.

NOTE THAT THIS ROUTINE DOES NOT WORK WITH THE LASER PRINTER. MACTUTOR WILL PAY $50 TO THE FIRST ARTICLE SUBMISSON THAT EITHER MAKES THIS PROGRAM WORK ON THE LASER OR GIVES A WELL DOCUMENTED ACCOUNT OF WHY IT DOESN'T.

MACBASIC PRINTING

The Macintosh BASIC Handbook, by Thomas Blackadar and Jonathan Kamin makes no reference printing graphics on the printer. Apparently Apple has spent alot of time trying to develop MacBASIC as an "educational" tool and hasn't developed all the features to make it into a serious development language. According to this book, and few other "pre-mature" books that are out, the TOOLBOX function will not even be documented in the initial release of MacBASIC. The TOOLBOX includes the means of creating windows, menus, and other Mac controls. Printing is limited to draft quality via a file aparameter named .PRINTER. The fancy features of MacBASIC only apply to the Mac screen.

'        Sine Wave
'      by Dave Kelly
'  ©MACTUTOR 1985

MENU 1,0,1,"File"
MENU 1,1,1,"Quit"
MENU 5,0,0,""
MENU 4,0,0,""
MENU 3,0,0,""
MENU 2,0,0,""
ON MENU GOSUB premenu: MENU ON
WINDOW OUTPUT 1
period=70: amplitude=70
phase=0: offset=120
pi=3.141592654#: w=(2*pi)/period
CLS:PRINT" Please wait while picture data    is being recorded (approx 
25 sec.)"
PICTURE ON
FOR x=10 TO 525

' Sine wave equation
y=offset+amplitude*SIN((w*x)+phase)

'Set up parameters for PAINTOVAL
rectangle%(0)=y-19: rectangle%(1)=x-19
rectangle%(2)=y: rectangle%(3)=x
PAINTOVAL(VARPTR(rectangle%(0)))

'Setup parameters for ERASEOVAL
rectangle%(2)=y-2: rectangle%(3)=x-2
ERASEOVAL(VARPTR(rectangle%(0)))

'Setup parameters for FRAMEOVAL
rectangle%(0)=y-20: rectangle%(1)=x-20
rectangle%(2)=y-1: rectangle%(3)=x-1
FRAMEOVAL(VARPTR(rectangle%(0)))
NEXT x
PICTURE OFF:MENU OFF

'Setup menus
MENU 2,0,1,"Print Sine Wave"
MENU 2,1,1,"On Screen"
MENU 2,2,1,"On Printer"
MENU 2,3,1,"Screen Dump"

ON MENU GOSUB menuselect:MENU ON
CLS: PRINT"Make your    ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^          selection from this 
menu"
loop: GOTO loop

premenu: 
menunumber=MENU(0):MENU
IF menunumber=1 THEN PICTURE  OFF: GOTO quit
RETURN

menuselect:
menunumber=MENU(0):MENU
IF menunumber =1 THEN quit
IF menunumber<>2 THEN RETURN
menuitem=MENU(1)

'Print graphics on Screen
IF menuitem=1 THEN CLS:GOSUB  printpic:RETURN

'Screen dump
' Note that LCOPY does not work with
' laser printers. Anybody  know why?
IF menuitem=3 THEN CLS:GOSUB  printpic:LCOPY:RETURN

'Print graphics on printer
' Note that this does not work with laser
' printers. Anybody know why?
OPEN "LPT1:PROMPT" FOR OUTPUT AS #1
WINDOW OUTPUT #1
GOSUB printpic
CLOSE #1
RETURN

printpic:
MENU 1,0,0:MENU 2,0,0
PICTURE(2,40)-(510,340),PICTURE$
MENU 1,0,1:MENU 2,0,1
RETURN

quit:
CLS:MENU RESET:END

 
AAPL
$99.18
Apple Inc.
-1.57
MSFT
$45.90
Microsoft Corpora
-0.46
GOOG
$568.27
Google Inc.
-9.09

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Cocktail Family License (5 Macs) 7.6.1 -...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
Cocktail 8.0 Beta 2 - General maintenanc...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
QuickBooks 2015 16.0.0.1352 R1 - Financi...
QuickBooks 2015 helps you manage your business easily and efficiently. Organize your finances all in one place, track money going in and out of your business, and spot areas where you can save.... Read more
Mac DVDRipper Pro 5.0.1 - Copy, backup,...
Mac DVDRipper Pro is the DVD backup solution that lets you protect your DVDs from scratches, save your batteries by reading your movies from your hard disk, manage your collection with just a few... Read more
Apple OS X bash Update 1.0 - Fix for sec...
The OS X bash Update fixes a security flaw in the bash UNIX shell on OS X 10.9.5 (also on OS X 10.8 and 10.7 [see Related Links below]). OS X 10.9.5 or later Downloads for OS X 10.8 and OS X 10.7 in... Read more
SyncTwoFolders 2.0.5 - Syncs two user-sp...
SyncTwoFolders simply synchronizes two folders. It supports synchronization across mounted network drives and it is a possibility to run a simulation showing in a log what will be done. Please visit... Read more
FinderPop 2.5.7 - Classic Mac utility, n...
FinderPop is a Universal preference pane that extends OS X's contextual menus using a FinderPop Items folder much as the Apple Menu Items folder used to do for the Apple menu. It has other features... Read more
VueScan 9.4.45 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more
LibreOffice 4.3.2.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
calibre 2.4 - Complete e-library managem...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Banner Saga (Games)
Banner Saga 1.0.17 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $9.99, Version: 1.0.17 (iTunes) Description: NOTE: The Banner Saga does NOT run on iPhone 4. iPhone 4S and more modern devices recommended. | Read more »
Beatbuddy HD (Games)
Beatbuddy HD 1.0.2 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.2 (iTunes) Description: **IMPORTANT** Beatbuddy runs only on iPhone 6, 6 Plus, 5, 5c, 5s, iPad 4, iPad Mini Retina and iPad Air. | Read more »
iKeywi - Customizable 5-Row Keyboard (U...
iKeywi - Customizable 5-Row Keyboard 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Utilities Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Want to add an extra row to your iPhone/iPad? One of the most popular keyboard extension in iOS... | Read more »
Manage Your Cloud – Wunderlist Now Suppo...
Manage Your Cloud – Wunderlist Now Supports Dropbox Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 1st, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Nexticy Review
Nexticy Review By Jennifer Allen on October 1st, 2014 Our Rating: :: IDEAL FORM CREATIONiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Nexticy allows you to make your own forms for research purposes or to organize your business better. It’s... | Read more »
Tiny Troopers: Alliance Marches onto the...
Tiny Troopers: Alliance Marches onto the App Store Tomorrow Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 1st, 2014 [ permalink ] Tiny Troopers: Alliance, by Kukouri, is a | Read more »
HeroCraft Introduces Unlimited Sequel to...
HeroCraft Introduces Unlimited Sequel to WW2: Sandbox. Strategy & Tactics Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 1st, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
RGB Express Review
RGB Express Review By Jennifer Allen on October 1st, 2014 Our Rating: :: DELIGHTFUL PUZZLINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Guide trucks along their delivery routes in RGB Express, a testing but charming puzzle game... | Read more »
The Sagas of Fire*Wolf (Games)
The Sagas of Fire*Wolf 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $9.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
BuggyFun Review
BuggyFun Review By Amy Solomon on October 1st, 2014 Our Rating: iPad Only App - Designed for the iPad BuggyFun allows children to create their own tracks for bugs to interact with for a unique open-ended experience.   | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Amazon offers 13-inch MacBook Air for $899, $...
Amazon.com has the 13″ 1.4GHz 128GB MacBook Air on sale for $100 off MSRP including free shipping: - 13″ 1.4GHz 128GB MacBook Air: $899.99 Read more
Apple resting On Its iPhone Laurels? – The ‘B...
Apple calls its new iPhone 6 and 6 Plus “The Biggest Advancements in iPhone History,” but does reality live up to the hype? “Seldom have so many waited so breathlessly for so little,” tweeted veteran... Read more
Roundup of Apple Mac and iPad Education disco...
Purchase a new Mac or iPad at The Apple Store for Education and take up to $300 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution qualify for the discount. Shipping is free,... Read more
Apple Boycotts German Magazine Computer Bild...
Apple has revoked its PR accreditation of Germany’s Computer Bild, Europe’s best-selling PC magazine, in reaction to Bild’s posting of a “#Bentgate” YouTube video. Axel Telzerow, editor in chief of... Read more
iPhone 6 & iPhone 6 Plus Available in Chi...
Apple has announced that iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus will be available in China beginning Friday, October 17 from the Apple Online Store (http://www.apple.com), Apple’s retail stores, and an expansive... Read more
MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP, start...
Best Buy has the new 2014 MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store. Choose free home shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Prices valid for online orders only, in-... Read more
Apple Releases OS X Mavericks bash Update 1.0...
Apple has released a patch update for OS X Mavericks users to address the recently-detected “Shellshock” security bug in BSD UNIX’s bash shell. Apple says only a few Mac users who had manually... Read more
Pivotal Payments Ready for Apple Pay – FlexPo...
Pivotal Payments, a provider of merchant services and global payment processing solutions, has announced its proprietary FlexPoint platform will support credit and debit transactions through Apple’s... Read more
iStabilizer Announces Tabarm — First Friction...
iStabilizer, a specialist in universal lightweight compact tripods, steady cams, dollies, mounts, and remotes for smartphones, tablets, and cameras, announced today the iStabilizer tabArm, the first... Read more
IStabilizer Flex Smartphone Tripod Wins Usa T...
iStabilizer, a specialist in universal lightweight compact tripods, steady cams, and other products for smartphones, tablets, and cameras, has announced today that its iStabilizer Flex smartphone... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Project Manager / Business Analyst, WW *Appl...
…a senior project manager / business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Fulfillment Operations and the Business Process Re-engineering team. This role will work Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.