TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Custom Input Dialog
Volume Number:1
Issue Number:8
Column Tag:Pascal Procedures

"Custom Dialog Box for Input"

By Alan Wootton, President, Top-Notch Productions, MacTutor Contributing Editor

Our Project for this month is to create a pair of input statements for MacPascal. In Basic, there is a command that prompts the user for a number or a string. It would be nice to have this for MacPascal, but would be even better if it could be implemented using the excellent MacIntosh user interface. Towards this end, we will be using the Dialog Manager, Package 7, and Resources.

Resources

Previous generations of computers provided only files as storage entities. Any small or large chunk of numbers to be accessed by the operating system usually required a file to hold it. If a program needed a large number of small data areas the result was usually a large number of files. This happened all too often.

The Mac is different. On the Mac a file name actually represents two files. One of these is the usual type of file, the other is full of tiny subfiles. A whole new world! Naturally, there is a sort of directory to go with these subfiles.

Inside Mac calls the two files "forks" of a file. The subfiles are "resources" and the directory is the "resource map". In a normal file system all files are referred to by name and possibly a version number. Resources are referred to by a four character name called the "TYPE" (actually any longint) and an integer known as the "ID number". Many of the ROM routines access a particular TYPE with the ID being variable. For instance, a menu can be created by providing a number and the Menu Manager will access the resource with TYPE='MENU' and the ID provided.

File access can be quite a programming hassle, so you are probably imagining that resource access is even worse. Not true. There is no way to read in only part of a resource, so the subtleties of file i/o can be ignored. You provide a name and the resource manager will open the file for you. When you provide a TYPE and an ID the resource manager will search the maps that are open, read the data in, if necessary, and return a handle to that data. There are some fine points concerning control over when the data is read in, when it is to be purged from memory, which heap it goes on, and others. For our purposes it is enough to just open the file.

Resource Tools

Every computer has some sort of software to manipulate and view the files, so what does one use for resources? There are four tools from Apple to work with resources.

The simplest is RMover. RMover will simply list the resources in a file. You may also cut and paste resources between files. RMover will recognize some types as probably having a certain form of data and display it appropriately. Examples are STR (a string), PICT (a picture), ICON (an icon). In each case the data is simply so many bytes, but it is assumed that a particular type is used exclusively for a single brand of data (which is not a law). Every Mac freak should rummage through the files on his disks with RMover to get a feel for what is there (check out MacPascal!).

For programming, the next most useful tool is RMaker. This is a sort of compiler for resources. It knows the form of the data for windows, menus, dialog boxs, and more. Make a text file with coded descriptions in it, run RMaker and a new file is created with the described resources in it. RMaker is supplied with the MDS assembler from Apple and with some compilers (note: MDS is now shipping and includes a copy of Inside Macintosh). Get a copy of RMaker as soon as possible (there is a 10 page document you'll also need).

Recently, two editors of resources have become available. These are "Resource Editor" and "Redit". Both will edit resource data, often in a friendly format. For instance, the Resource Editor will allow you to edit an icon fatbits style and not as 128 bytes.

If you bought Inside MacIntosh and the software supplement these tools were sent to you. If not, there are still some places to get them. MacTutor Utility disk #1 has resource tools (see inside front cover for ordering).

The Dialog Manager

Now we will get back to the problem at hand: how to make a box that asks for input. What we ultimately need is a window (which has a grafport) and some controls. We also will need to use the text editor to edit the input data. If it weren't for the Dialog Manager this would be real work. Fortunately, the Dialog Manager will perform all of these chores for us. I won't go too deeply into this because that is what IM is for, but all you have to do is give the dialog manager an id to a resource of type DLOG and, assuming that the data is in the correct form, everything is automatic.

Classy_Input.R

The first step in our project is to create a file with three resources in it. Type Classy_Input.r (below) into a text file and apply RMaker to it. After that, use RMover to look and see if the resources exist in the file as planned. If you don't have RMaker you might try making the file with Resource Editor. If there is a lot of trouble creating this file, (it's important) write to me care of MacTutor and I will do a resource creation project. Actually, we should use RMaker input files as the official resource specification and exchange method.

Classy_Input.Pas

Next, boot MacPascal and type in Classy_Input.pas (below). This is a very simple program. First we open our resource file. The dialog box is created by GetNewDialog, operated by ModalDialog, and erased by DisposDialog. Simple! Of course, I've gotten fancy and used GetDItem and SetIText to change the text of some items. It is also necessary to use a GetDItem-GetIText combination to get the text from the edittext item. With these same simple routines it is possible to do much more elaborate dialogs. As a matter of fact, you can completely change the appearance of this example by merely changing the resource specification. Note that this is the same method used by real Mac applications and is not just a kludge for educational purposes.

You may omit Prompt_For_Number at first if you wish. After you have Prompt_for_String working you may wish to try for numbers. The prompt for strings looks like that shown at the top of the next column.

Fig. 1 Program Sample

To use this same box to prompt for numbers we will use Package #7. To access a package you use it's inline trap and leave a selector on the stack: eg. inlineP(TRAP,selector). However, Pack#7 is register based so it is necessary to use the register based interface that I presented in MacTutor No.6.

GetNewDialog accesses resource DLOG 12345 and DITL 12345 in order to determine the characteristics of the box it will make. Pack#7 loads resource PACK 7 (in the file "System"), locks it on the heap and then calls it as a procedure (we will call our own procedures the same way in later articles). By far the simplest of the resource-using toolbox routines is GetString:

 
procedure GetString(ID:integer):Handle;
begin 
 GetString:=GetResource('STR ',ID);
end
 

This also one of the simplest traps of any kind. All text of any kind should be in resources for later translation. This is the reason we use GetString, and also the reason we use GetNewDialog and not NewDialog. You should take up the habit of using resources this way,too.

Classy_Input.R
;;     *********************************************
;;     **                                                            
                      **
;;    **    Resource data for Classy_Input         **
;;    **                                                             
                      **
;;    **    Process this TEXT file through           **
;;    **    RMaker:the Resource Compiler        **
;;    **     by Andy Hertzfeld.                                    **
;;    **                                                             
                     **
;;    *********************************************
;;     double semicolons start comments
;;
MacTutor_disk:Classy_Input.rsrc;;
????????               
;; destination volume:filename 
;; type and creator of file = ???? ????

;;        ****************************************
;;        **  The first resource is the                  **
;;        **  definition of a Dialog Manager    **
;;        **  window.                                                
   **
;;       ****************************************
;;  global coordinates !!

type DLOG
box,12345
;;  note we have no title
96 128 148 384          ;; top left bottom right 
visible goaway
1                                          ;; window type = dBoxProc 

0                                          ;; refcon
12345                             ;; ID of DITL associated
                                            ;; with this DLOG

;;       ****************************************
;;       **      Next is a list of 'items' to go       **
;;       **       in the window.                                 **
;;       ****************************************

type DITL                            ;; see Dialog Manager
items,12345
4                                               ;; four items 

Button
4 120 24 180                    ;;  local coordinates !!
OK;;

Button
4 188 24 248
Cancel;;

EditText Disabled  
32 8 48 248        
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;text added later 

StaticText Disabled  
4 8 20 120           
Type a String         ;; prompt text, modified later

;;      disabled means that the Dialog Manager
;;      will not report events in this control
;;
;;          *********************************************
;;          **     And finally, the prompt used by        **
;;          **    Prompt_For_Number                              **
;;          *********************************************

type STR 
prompt,12345
Type a number

;;         ****************************************
;;         **  end of file                                           
     **
;;         ****************************************


Classy_Input.pas
program Classy_Input_test;{ by Alan Wootton 5/85 }
 type
  Ptr = ^integer;
  Handle = ^Ptr;
  StrPtr = ^str255;

 var{ for test, not a part of final logic }
  rid : integer;
  number : longint;
  words : str255;

 function Prompt_for_Str (prompt, sample : str255) :
                                          str255;
  var
   DlogPtr : Ptr;
   itype, itemHit : integer;
   r : rect;
   itemH : Handle;
   tempStr : str255;

{ This uses DLOG ID=12345 and associated DITL with }
{ the same ID.  Items are: #1=OK , #2=Cancel, }
{ #3=result, #4=prompt.  First we will _GetDitem to }
{ obtain handle and then _SetIText. For item#3= result }
{ string, and item#4 = prompt string. This will leave }
{ itemH referring to result item. }
 begin
  DlogPtr:= pointer(LinlineF($A97C,12345,nil,pointer(-1))); 
{ _GetNewDialog }

  inlineP($A98D, DlogPtr, 4, @itype, @itemH, @r);
{ _GetDitem }
  if prompt <> '' then
   inlineP($A98F, itemH, @prompt);{ _SetIText }

  inlineP($A98D, DlogPtr, 3, @itype, @itemH, @r);
{ _GetDitem }
  if sample <> '' then
   inlineP($A98F, itemH, @sample);{ _SetIText }

  inlineP($A991, nil, @itemHit);
{ _ModalDialog, returns with 1 or 2 in itemHit }

  if itemHit = 2 then { if Cancel }
   tempStr := ''
  else {  if OK }
   inlineP($A990, itemH, @tempStr);
{ _GetIText  from item#3 }

  inlineP($A983, DlogPtr);{ _DisposDialog }
  Prompt_for_Str := tempStr;
 end;


 function Prompt_for_Number (sampN : longint) :
                                                                     
      longint;
  var
   sHan : ^StrPtr;
   str : str255;
   access : array[0..12] of integer;
   d0, a0 : longint;{ the 68000 registers }
{ What we will do here is convert the input number }
{ into a string and then pass it to Prompt_for_String. }
{ Then we convert the returned string into a number.  }
{ The conversions are done with  $A9EE=pack7 . }
{ See Packages. }
{ Access is a 2 register OS interface that we must }
{ use because the call is register based yet also requires}
{ for the selector (the 1 or 0) to be on the stack  }
{ (and 'Generic' won't do that) }
 begin
  stuffHex(@access, '2848548C41FA000C309F245F265F20522013FFFF224826804ED4');
  a0 := ord(@str);
  d0 := sampN;
  inlineP($4E75, 0, @d0, @a0, $A9EE, @access);
{ pack7,0  is _NumtoString }
{    Str is now the string of  sampN }

  sHan := Pointer(LinlineF($A9BA, 12345));
{ _Getstring, numeric prompt  }
  str := Prompt_for_Str(sHan^^, str);
{ Str is now new string,  convert d0 to num. } 
{ A0 is still @str }

  inlineP($4E75, 1, @d0, @a0, $A9EE, @access);
{ pack7,1  is _StringtoNum }
  Prompt_for_number := d0;
 end;


begin{  main procedure, used only to exercise }
{ procedures above. }

 rid := WinlineF($A997, 'MacTutor_disk:Classy_Input.rsrc');{ _OpenResFile 
}
{ this file is the output of Rmaker, we open it to access }
{ our resources }
 if rid < 0 then
  writeln('error opening file', rid)
 else
  begin
   words := Prompt_for_Str('Type a string', 'sample string');
   writeln(' the words returned are:', words);

   words := Prompt_for_Str('', '');{ no prompts }
   writeln(' the words returned are:', words);

   number := Prompt_for_Number(1234);
   writeln('the number returned is', number);
  end;
 inlineP($A99A, rid);{ _CloseResFile}
end.

 
AAPL
$524.94
Apple Inc.
+5.93
MSFT
$40.01
Microsoft Corpora
-0.39
GOOG
$536.10
Google Inc.
-20.44

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Tweetbot 1.5.1 - Popular iOS twitter cli...
Tweetbot is a full-featured OS X Twitter client with a lot of personality. Whether it's the meticulously-crafted interface, sounds and animation, or features like multiple timelines and column views... Read more
Mac DVDRipper Pro 4.1.7 - Copy, backup,...
Mac DVDRipper Pro is the DVD backup solution that lets you protect your DVDs from scratches, save your batteries by reading your movies from your hard disk, manage your collection with just a few... Read more
PDFpenPro 6.2 - Advanced PDF toolkit for...
PDFpenPro allows users to edit PDF's easily. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Create... Read more
PDFpen 6.2 - Edit and annotate PDFs with...
PDFpen allows users to easily edit PDF's. Add text, images and signatures. Fill out PDF forms. Merge or split PDF documents. Reorder and delete pages. Even correct text and edit graphics! Features... Read more
Monolingual 1.5.9 - Remove unwanted OS X...
Monolingual is a program for removing unnecesary language resources from OS X, in order to reclaim several hundred megabytes of disk space. It requires a 64-bit capable Intel-based Mac and at least... Read more
Maya 2015 - Professional 3D modeling and...
Maya is an award-winning software and powerful, integrated 3D modeling, animation, visual effects, and rendering solution. Because Maya is based on an open architecture, all your work can be scripted... Read more
Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty 1.1.1.180...
Download the patch by launching the Starcraft II game and downloading it through the Battle.net connection within the app. Starcraft II: Wings of Liberty is a strategy game played in real-time. You... Read more
Sibelius 7.5.0 - Music notation solution...
Sibelius is the world's best-selling music notation software for Mac. It is as intuitive to use as a pen, yet so powerful that it does most things in less than the blink of an eye. The demo includes... Read more
Typinator 5.9 - Speedy and reliable text...
Typinator turbo-charges your typing productivity. Type a little. Typinator does the rest. We've all faced projects that require repetitive typing tasks. With Typinator, you can store commonly used... Read more
MYStuff Pro 2.0.16 - Create inventories...
MYStuff Pro is the most flexible way to create detail-rich inventories for your home or small business. Add items to MYStuff by dragging and dropping existing information, uploading new images, or... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Have a Special Dead Trigger 2 Easter Bas...
Have a Special Dead Trigger 2 Easter Basket Full of Goodies, Courtesy of Madfinger Games Posted by Rob Rich on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] Dead Trigger 2 | Read more »
Zynga Launches Brand New Farmville Exper...
Zynga Launches Brand New Farmville Experience with Farmville 2: Country Escape Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
David. Review
David. Review By Cata Modorcea on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: MINIMALISTIC IN A DIFFERENT WAYUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad David is a minimalistic game wrapped inside of a soothing atmosphere in which the hero... | Read more »
Eyefi Unveils New Eyefi Cloud Service Th...
Eyefi Unveils New Eyefi Cloud Service That Allows Users to Share Media Across Personal Devices Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair...
Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair Review By Jennifer Allen on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: STEADY ADVENTURINGiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad Treading a safe path, Tales from the Dragon Mountain: The Lair is a... | Read more »
Yahoo Updates Flickr App with Advanced E...
Yahoo Updates Flickr App with Advanced Editing Features and More Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
My Incredible Body - A Kid's App to...
My Incredible Body - A Kid's App to Learn about the Human Body 1.1.00 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $2.99, Version: 1.1.00 (iTunes) Description: Wouldn’t it be cool to look inside yourself and see what was going on... | Read more »
Trials Frontier Review
Trials Frontier Review By Carter Dotson on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: A ROUGH LANDINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Trials Frontier finally brings the famed stunt racing franchise to mobile, but how much does its... | Read more »
Evernote Business Notebook by Moleskin I...
Evernote Business Notebook by Moleskin Introduced – Support Available in Evernote for iOS Posted by Tre Lawrence on April 18th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Sparkle Unleashed Review
Sparkle Unleashed Review By Jennifer Allen on April 18th, 2014 Our Rating: :: CLASSY MARBLE FLINGINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad It’s a concept we’ve seen before, but Sparkle Unleashed is a solidly enjoyable orb... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP this we...
Best Buy has iMacs on sale for up to $160 off MSRP for a limited time. Choose free home shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Prices are valid for online orders only, in-store... Read more
iPad Airs on sale this weekend for up to $100...
Best Buy has WiFi iPad Airs on sale for $50 off MSRP and WiFi + Cellular iPad Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store for a limited time, with prices now starting at $449. Choose free... Read more
Apple restocks refurbished Mac minis starting...
The Apple Store has restocked Apple Certified Refurbished Mac minis for up to $150 off the cost of new models. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and shipping is free: - 2.5GHz Mac... Read more
Hyundai Brings Apple CarPlay To The 2015 Sona...
Hyundai Motor America has announced it will bring Apple CarPlay functionality to the 2015 Sonata. CarPlay is pitched as a smarter, safer and easier way to use iPhone in the car and gives iPhone users... Read more
Updated iPads Coming Sooner Than We Had Thoug...
MacRumors, cites KGI securities analyst Ming Chi Kuo, well-respected as an Apple product prognisticator, saying that Apple will introduce an upgraded iPad Air and iPad mini in 2014/Q3, meaning the... Read more
Toshiba Unveils New High And Low End Laptop M...
Toshiba has announced new laptop models covering both the high-end and low-end of the notebook computer spectrum. Toshiba 4K Ultra HD Laptop Toshiba’s new Satellite P55t features one of the world’s... Read more
Save up to $270 with Apple refurbished 13-inc...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished October 2013 13″ Retina MacBook Pros available starting at $1099, with models up to $270 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping... Read more
Apple now offering refurbished iPad mini with...
The Apple Store has Certified Refurbished 2nd generation iPad minis with Retina Displays now available starting at $339. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free.... Read more
Microsoft Blinks – Drops Microsoft Office 365...
Microsoft has dropped the annual subscription fee for Microsoft Office 365 Personal – which is needed in order to create and edit documents in Microsoft Office for iPad. However, Apple’s iOS and OS X... Read more
New AVG Vault Apps for iOS and Android Help K...
AVG Technologies N.V. an online security company for 177 million active users, has announced the launch of its latest mobile application, AVG Vault. The free app introduces an innovative user... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Automotive Parts Department position...
Apple Automotive is one of the fastest growing dealer…and it shows. Consider making the switch to the Apple Automotive Group today! At Apple Automotive, we Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Retail - Manager - Holyoke - Apple I...
Job Summary Keeping an Apple Store thriving requires a diverse set of leadership skills, and as a Manager, you’re a master of them all. In the store’s fast-paced, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Manager - Apple (United Sta...
Job SummaryKeeping an Apple Store thriving requires a diverse set of leadership skills, and as a Manager, you're a master of them all. In the store's fast-paced, dynamic Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.