TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Start-up ad
Volume Number:1
Issue Number:3
Column Tag:ASSEMBLY

Start-up ad

By David E. Smith

Corvus called the other day and said they were sending 20 megabyte hard disks to various dealers and asked if I would like to put something about MacTutor on them. The problem was, they needed it the next day! So by 3 in the morning I had my double clickable start-up ad ready to express mail for the Corvus sampler. Thinking others might appreciate this little gem, I’ve used it as the basis for my column this month. It combines our application shell program from the December issue with our icon converter program from last month’s issue, with some new material on menus and events.

WHAT THIS PROGRAM DOES

What we have here is a simple start-up program that can be set by the finder option as the program that gets executed when the disk first boots up. The program opens a window and draws an advertisment for MacTutor, as shown above in figure 1. When the close box is clicked, the finder is called. Such a program can be useful for the front end of your product development disk as a catchy way of introducing your product when the disk is booted up. You can modify the text to advertise your product, or make a clickable birthday card for your favorite Mac hacker. I gave a Mac Disk to a friend for Christmas and included this program with modified text to wish him a Merry Christmas everytime he started up his computer.

TOOLBOX FEATURES

Our program may seem simple in operation, but it’s already complex in toolbox features as listed below:

1. Drag window capability with window updating after drag.

2. Clickable close box exit.

3. Standard menu bar with apple, file and edit menus enabled.

4. Quit command in the file menu as an alternate return to the finder.

5. Text and box drawing using quickdraw.

Although the apple and edit pop-up menus are implemented, the support code for them is not here, so full support of the desk accesories will have to wait until next month. Everything required for a standard Macintosh program is here except text editing support, which is required for cut and paste. Only the quit option in the file menu actually does something. What we want to concentrate on here is the menu bar set-up.Then it is a minor problem to complete the stub routines to handle the individual apple and edit menu functions.

MENUS AS RESOURCES

As we noted last month, resources suffer from almost no documentation and this includes menus as resources. Another problem is that there are several ways to create and maintain menus. They can be created from the program itself, or read in from a resource file. The resource file option can be either created using the RMaker, resource editor if it ever shows up, or by using the assembler. When creating menus from program code, the combination _NewMenu, _AppendMenu, and _InsertMenu traps are used. The _AppendMenu trap reads in the menu information from the local data area at the end of your program code, and the format of the menu items is well documented in the IM docs in the Menu Manager section. In fact, you can easily build your own RMaker using the append menu trap.

APPEND MENU FORMAT

; This commmented code shows how you
;  would do menus using in line code
;  instead of resources. Place this code 
;  in your menu set-up routine.

PEA APPLEMENU    ;menu set-up in code
_NewMenu;make new menu
MOVE.L (SP),D7   ;save menu handle
 ;keep on stack
PEA APPLEMENUITEMS ;apple menu items 
_AppendMenu ;add to apple menu
MOVE.L D7,-(SP)  ;menu handle
CLR.W -(SP) ;add to end
_InsertMenu ;insert menu items

;  This commented code shows how you would 
; set up resources in code for use with 
; _AppendMenu instead of using a resource
; file with _GetRMenu. Place this section
; in your data block.
;
APPLEMENU:
 DC.B 1
 DC.B 20;apple symbol title
 DC.B 0
 
APPLEMENUITEMS:  
 DC.B 21
 DC.B   ‘ABOUT THIS PROGRAM...’
 DC.B 0

; The remaining menu items would be
; desk accesories, which are added  to
; this menu with another trap call.

Menu items from Resources

The reason for going through the above formats for using the append trap is because we DID NOT use it in our program! Instead, we used resources to define the menu and menu items and the _GetRMenu trap to read in the menu resource and set-up the menu bar. The resources can be created either by the RMaker utility, which is well documented, at least for making menus, or by the assembler, which is not documented at all and is not the same format as the RMaker input syntax. After much trial and error I finally got the assembled resource file to work. It seems the assembler creates the binary format of each resource exactly as it is described in the IM docs. The trouble is, not all of the resources have their internal format documented. It is my guess that the RMaker program takes a high level description of the menu resources and translates that description into the same binary format. So in a sense, using the assembler meant we were our own RMaker!

Event Processing

The next major addition to this program is the event processing. Our event loop has been expanded from our simple application shell of the first issue. This time we use a jump table to process all the possible system events that could occour as a result of calling _SystemTask trap.This is done by using the event number returned from _GetNextEvent as an index into a table of offsets for handling each possible event. The big picture of how event processing works is shown in figure 2. In our program, the only event we do anything with is a mouse button down event. All the other entries in our event table return to the GetEvent loop.

Where’s the mouse?

When the mouse button is pressed, and we branch by way of the event table to the ButtonDown routine, we first have to find out where the mouse is. This requires a SECOND table of offsets to branch to different routines depending on where the mouse was when the button was pressed. Our second table is called the WindowTable and it is indexed by the region number returned from _FindWindow, which has located the mouse for us. In this table, we have placed three routines; one for if the mouse is in the menu bar, another if the mouse is in the go-away region of the window, and finally, a third if the mouse is in the drag region of the window.

The drag region routine is easy. We just call _DragWindow trap to move the window. But we also have to re-draw our ad or some of it will be erased when the window is moved. Fortunately all of our ad is drawn in a single subroutine called QDSTUFF, which can be called at any time, including after a drag window operation. And so as if by magic, the ad is restored.

The go-away region is also simple to handle. We just exit our program and return to the finder. The hard task is the menu bar region. Now we have to find out which menu we are in and go through another set of branches to handle each menu item.

Menu Bar Processing

We now come to our third and fourth levels of event processing. The third level is our routine Menubar, which we branch to when we find out the mouse is in the menu bar. Now we have to find out which menu the mouse is in. This is done by calling _MenuSelect trap. The returned menu Id and menu item id identify the menu and the associated menu item where the mouse was clicked. Since we have three menus, Apple, File and Edit, we have three more branches to a routine for each menu. At this point, only the File menu item is processed. We check if the quit option was selected and exit the program. If we were in the apple menu, we would need to make a fourth level branch to a routine for handling either the About option or the desk accesories. This code we have not added yet. Instead Inapplemenu and Ineditmenu just return to the first level of our event processing.

What about the Ad?

We’ve spent so much time just checking out the mouse, we nearly forgot about our ad! The QDSTUFF subroutine draws our ad in our window in the quickest, most brute force way. We simply call _DrawString from quickdraw to draw strings in our window to describe our product. A few boxes liven it up. The nice thing about _DrawString is that it doesn’t require character counting! Just specify the location and away it goes. A few different fonts also help.

Make a good Icon!

Any advertisement needs a good icon and ours is shown on the column masthead. We learned how to create this icon on the desktop in our last issue. To review, we create the icon using the icon editor supplied by Apple. Then we run the icon binary file through our Icon Converter program to create assembly source code. Our resource file has an Include statement that will then merge in this assembly source file for the icon into our resource file. When we assemble the resource file and link it with the program code, we get a nice icon on the desktop. Refer to last month’s issue for the Icon Converter program source code.

Next time we will complete our event processing with the About dialog box, desk accesory support and the remaining support code for our edit menu items. Have some good ideas on assembly programming? Send them to MacTutor and share them with others!

; EXAMPLE ASSEMBLY PROGRAM 
; MENUBAR  (MacTutor 1-3)
; VERSION 26 DEC 84
; (C) 1984 MacTec by David E. Smith

;    Macro subset for Toolbox stuff

MACRO _InitGraf =  DC.W $A86E|
MACRO _InitWind =DC.W $A912| 
MACRO _NewWindow = DC.W $A913|
MACRO _setport = DC.W $A873|
MACRO _InitFont =DC.W $A8FE|
MACRO _InitMenu =DC.W $A930|
MACRO _InitDialog =DC.W $A97B|
MACRO _TEInit   =DC.W $A9CC|
MACRO _Initpack =       DC.W $A9E5|
MACRO _FlushEvents = DC.W $A032|
MACRO _InitCursor =DC.W $A850|
MACRO _GetNextEvent =DC.W $A970|
MACRO _FrameRect = DC.W $A8A1|
MACRO _TextFont =  DC.W $A887|
MACRO _TextFace =  DC.W $A888|
MACRO _TextSize =  DC.W $A88A|
MACRO _MoveTo =  DC.W $A893|
MACRO _DrawString =  DC.W $A884|
MACRO _PenSize = DC.W $A89B|
MACRO _EraseRect = DC.W $A8A3|
MACRO _GetRMenu =DC.W $A9BF|
MACRO _InsertMenu =DC.W $A935|
MACRO _DrawMenuBar = DC.W $A937|
MACRO _Debugger =  DC.W $A9FF|
MACRO _NewMenu = DC.W $A931|
MACRO _AppendMenu =DC.W $A933|
MACRO _AddResMenu =DC.W $A94D|
MACRO _FindWindow =DC.W $A92C|
MACRO _DragWindow =DC.W $A925|
MACRO _SystemTask =DC.W $A9B4|
MACRO _MenuSelect =DC.W $A93D|
MACRO _HiLiteMenu =DC.W $A938|

;      DECLARE LABELS EXTERNAL

XDEF  START          ; required for linker 
 
;     LOCAL EQUATES
 
MouseDown equ  1
MaxEvents equ  12
AllEvents equ  $0000FFFF
 
;     MAIN PROGRAM SEGMENT

 DC.W ‘MINE’;find start of program
 
; -- SAVE THE WORLD ------------
 
START:   MOVEM.L D0-D7/A0-A6, -(SP)
  LEA SAVEREGS,A0
  MOVE.LA6,(A0)   ; local var
  MOVE.LA7,4(A0) ; stack ptr
 
; --INITIALIZE ALL MANAGERS--------

; SET UP QUICKDRAW GLOBALS
 
PEA -4(A5);push qd global ptr
_InitGraf      ;init quickdraw global 
   
;---- SET UP REMAINING MANAGERS  --

_InitFont        ; init font manager
_InitWind   ; init window manager
_InitMenu   ; init menu manager
 
CLR.L -(SP) ; kill the restart 
_InitDialog ; init dialog manager
 
_TEInit ; init text edit (ROM) 
 
MOVE.W  #2,-(SP)   ;  set-up
_Initpack         ; init package mgr

MOVE.L  #AllEvents,D0    ;all events
_FlushEvents      ;flushed
 
_InitCursor      ; make cursor the arrow


;  SET UP MENU BAR WITH POP-UP MENUS

CLR.L -(SP) ;returned menu handle
MOVE.W #1,-(SP)  ;push menu ID 1 Apple
_GetRMenu ;get menu from resource
LEA APPLEMENU,A0    ; copy apple menu handle 
MOVE.L (SP),(A0)   ; to local data block
MOVE.L (SP), -(SP) ;menu handle desk acc.
 ;menu handle on stack
CLR.W -(SP) ;push 0 for append
_InsertMenu ;add menu item 

MOVE.L #’DRVR’, -(SP);load all DRVR type 
_AddResMenu ;add desk accessories


CLR.L -(SP) ;return menu handle
MOVE.W #2,-(SP)  ;push menu ID 2 File
_GetRMenu ;get menu from resource
 ;leave handle on stack
CLR.W -(SP) ;append to menu
_InsertMenu ;the File stuff

CLR.L -(SP) ;return menu handle
MOVE.W #3,-(SP)  ;push menu ID 3 Edit
_GetRMenu ;get menu from resource
 ;leave handle on stack
CLR.W -(SP) ;append to menu
_InsertMenu ;the File stuff

_DrawMenuBar;our menu bar!

;-- SET UP NEW HEAP WINDOW ----
 
CLR.L -(SP)           ;return window ptr
CLR.L -(SP)          ;window record ptr.
PEA WBOUNDS              ;window rectangle 
PEA WINDTITLE            ; window title
MOVE.W #$100,-(SP)    ; true = visible 
MOVE.W #0,-(SP)           ; doc type window
MOVE.L #-1,-(SP)          ; window in front
MOVE.W #$100,-(SP)    ; true=closebox
MOVE.L #0, -(SP)         ; reference value 
_NewWindow                ; make new window
 
; --  ACTIVATE THIS NEW WINDOW ------

LEA WPOINTER,A0         ; copy window ptr 
MOVE.L (SP),(A0)        ; to stacksave
_setport                   ;current window

; --  SET UP WINDOW DISPLAY  --------

BSRQDSTUFF;draw text with QD

;  -------- EVENT LOOP ------------
 
GetEvent:

_SystemTask ;check out desk acc.
CLR-(SP);returned event 
MOVE  #AllEvents,-(SP)  ;mask all events
PEAEventRecord   ; event record block
_GetNextEvent    ;go check the mouse 
MOVE  (SP)+,D0   ;get event result 
CMP#0,D0;if 0 then no event 
BEQGetEvent ;loop until it happens

; JUMP TABLE OF EVENT PROCESSING
 
CLR.L D0
MOVE  What,D0  ;what to do! (event number)
CMP#MaxEvents,D0 ;event no. >11?
BGEGetEvent ;yes so ignore it
ADDD0,D0;multiply by 2
MOVE  EventTable(D0),D0
JMPEventTable(D0);execute event

EventTable:

 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;null event 
 DC.W ButtonDown-EventTable ;mouse down 
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;mouse up
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;key down event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;key up event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;auto key
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable  ;update event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;Disk Event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;activate event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;Abort
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;Network
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;I/O Driver
 ;application events would  follow
 
; note that linker error may result if 
; the table entry is >128 

; -  EVENT PROCESSING ROUTINES --------

ButtonDown:

CLR-(SP);result of findwindow
MOVE.L  Point,  -(SP);push mouse coordinates
PEAWWindow;push holder for handle
_FindWindow ;where was mouse click?
CLR.L D0
MOVE (SP)+,D0    ;pop region number
ADDD0,D0;multiply by 2
MOVE  WindowTable(D0),D0
JMPWindowTable(D0) ;do mouse down event

WindowTable:;table of mouse events
 
 DC.W GetEvent-WindowTable;in desk (none of following)
 DC.W Menubar-WindowTable ;in menu bar 
 DC.W GetEvent-WindowTable;in system window
 DC.W GetEvent-WindowTable;in content region
 DC.W Drag-WindowTable    ;in drag region
 DC.W GetEvent-WindowTable;in grow region
 DC.W Exit-WindowTable    ;in go-away region 

Drag:   ;mouse in drag window

MOVE.L  WWindow,-(SP);push window pointer
MOVE.L  Point, -(SP) ;push mouse coordinates
PEADRAGWINDOW  ;window boundry to drag
_DragWindow ;move window
BSRQDSTUFF;update window text
JMPGetEvent ;return to event loop

Menubar:

CLR.L -(SP) ;returned menu choice
MOVE.L  Point,-(SP);mouse position
_MenuSelect ;Find menu selected
MOVE  (SP)+,D5 ;pop menu ID to D5
MOVE  (SP)+,D6 ;pop menu item ID to D6
CLR-(SP);select all menus
_HiLiteMenu ;unhilite them all

CMP#1, D5 ;apple menu?
BEQInapplemenu 
CMP#2, D5 ;file menu?
BEQInfilemenu
CMP#3,D5;edit menu?
BEQIneditmenu
BRAGetEvent ;no place else

Inapplemenu:

BRAGetEvent ;no place else

Infilemenu:

CMP#1,D6;quit?
BNEGetEvent ;no, try again
BRAExit ;yes, exit


Ineditmenu:

BRAGetEvent ;no place else

Exit:

JMPTofinder ;return to finder

; -- END OF MAIN --------------

; -- QDSTUFF SUBROUTINE ----------

QDSTUFF:

; This subroutine is a static
; window display of text for our
; ad. It would more properly be
; placed in a resource file as
; strings, but when in a hurry...

LEAtop,A0 ;set-up our globals
 ;window frame size.
MOVE.W #10,   (A0) ;TOP
MOVE.W #30,  2(A0) ;LEFT
MOVE.W #250, 4(A0) ;BOTTOM
MOVE.W #400, 6(A0) ;RIGHT 

PEA top                    ;window rectangle
_FrameRect;draw rectangle

MOVE.W #1, -(SP)          ;FONT
_TextFont
MOVE.W #12, -(SP);style
_TextFace
MOVE.W #24, -(SP);SIZE
_TextSize
MOVE.W #40, -(SP)       ; h
MOVE.W #50, -(SP);v
_MoveTo ;set pen location
PEA ‘MacTutor’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #0, -(SP) ;chicago
_TextFont
MOVE.W #0, -(SP) ;normal
_TextFace
MOVE.W #12, -(SP);12 point size
_TextSize
MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #80, -(SP);V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘The Macintosh Programming Journal’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #110, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘AT LAST! A no-nonsense, no fluff Journal’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #130, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘devoted to programming ON the Mac, FOR the Mac!’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #150, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘Subscribe to MacTutor, and learn how to create’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #170, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘this assembly language program, including the icon!’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #190, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘So do not delay. Send for the ONLY Technical ‘
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #210, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘publication that teaches the Mac technology!’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #80, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #230, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘Send $24 for 12 issues to:’
_DrawString

LEAtop,A0
MOVE.W #215,   (A0);TOP
MOVE.W #250,  2(A0);LEFT
MOVE.W #290, 4(A0) ;BOTTOM
MOVE.W #450, 6(A0) ;RIGHT 
PEA top                    ;window rectangle
_EraseRect;clear rectange
PEA top
_FrameRect;draw rectangle

MOVE.W #2, -(SP) ;WIDTH
MOVE.W #2, -(SP) ;HEIGHT
_PenSize

LEAtop,A0
MOVE.W #218,   (A0);TOP
MOVE.W #253,  2(A0);LEFT
MOVE.W #287, 4(A0) ;BOTTOM
MOVE.W #447, 6(A0) ;RIGHT 
PEA top                   ;window rectangle
_FrameRect;draw rectangle

MOVE.W #280, -(SP) ;H
MOVE.W #230, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘MacTutor’
_DrawString


MOVE.W #280, -(SP) ;H
MOVE.W #245, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘P.O. Box 400’
_DrawString


MOVE.W #280, -(SP) ;H
MOVE.W #260, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘Placentia, CA  92670’
_DrawString


MOVE.W #280, -(SP) ;H
MOVE.W #275, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘Or call (714) 630-3730’
_DrawString

RTS

; -------- MOVBALL SUBROUTINE  ----------

MOVBALL:
;  place some animation in this routine 
;  while waiting for an event.
RTS

; -- RESTORE THE WORLD --------

Tofinder:  LEA SAVEREGS,A0  ; get back
    MOVE.L   (A0),A6 ; local var
    MOVE.L 4(A0),A7;restore stack 
    MOVEM.L (SP)+,D0-D7/A0-A6 
 
; ---- RETURN TO FINDER --------

        RTS      ; return to finder

; ----LOCAL DATA AREA ----------

APPLEMENU:DC.L 0
 
SAVEREGS: DCB.L   2,0     ;set  save area

WPOINTER: DC.L     0      ;store window pt

WBOUNDS:DC.W   40  ;rectangle TOP
 DC.W    2;LEFT
 DC.W    335;BOTTOM
 DC.W    508;RIGHT
 
WINDTITLE:  DC.B    42  ; title length
            DC.B    ‘MacTutor: The Macintosh Programming Journal’,0
      
DRAGWINDOW: DC.W 30;RECTANGLE
 DC.W 1
 DC.W 350
 DC.W 510

EventRecord:
 
 What:  DC.W    0;what event number
 Message: DC.L    0;ptr. to msg
 When:  DC.L    0;Time event posted
 Point:   DC.L    0;mouse coordinates
 Modify:  DC.W    0;state of keys 
 WWindow: DC.L 0   ;Find window’s result

 
; --   APPLICATION GLOBALS  ----------
 
top:    DS.W1
left:   DS.W1
bottom: DS.W1
right:  DS.W1

; ----   END OF PROGRAM -------------


; MENUBAR_RSRC.ASM
; resource file for the MENUBAR 
; created using the assembler
; signature is creator tag 
;
RESOURCE ‘DAVE’ 0 ‘IDENTIFICATION’

 DC.B 18, ‘AD FOR MACTECH 1-3’
 
.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘BNDL’ 128 ‘BUNDLE’

 DC.L ‘DAVE’;NAME OF SIGNATURE
 DC.W 0,1 ;DATA (DOESN’T CHANGE)
 DC.L ‘ICN#’;ICON MAPPINGS
 DC.W 0 ;NUMBER OF MAPPINGS-1
 DC.W 0,128 ;MAP 0 TO ICON 128
    
 DC.L ‘FREF’;FREF MAPPINGS
 DC.W 0 ;NUMBER OF MAPPINGS-1
 DC.W 0,128 ;MAP 0 TO FREF 128

RESOURCE ‘FREF’ 128 ‘FREF 1’
 
 DC.B ‘APPL’, 0, 0, 0
 
.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘ICN#’ 128 ‘MY ICON’

; FIRST APPLICATION ICON BIT MAP

INCLUDE LOGO.ICON.ASM

; MENU BAR RESOURCES

.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘MENU’ 1 ‘apple menu’

 DC.W 1 ;MENU  ID
 DC.W 0 ;WIDTH HOLDER
 DC.W 0 ;HEIGHT HOLDER
 DC.L 0 ;RESOURCE ID HOLDER FOR STD. MENU 
 DC.L $1FF  ;ENABLE ALL ITEMS
 DC.B 1 ;TITLE LENGTH
 DC.B 20; APPLE SYMBOL
 
 DC.B 21;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘ABOUT THIS PROGRAM...’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 DC.B 0 ; END OF MENU ITEM
 
.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘MENU’ 2 ‘file menu’

 DC.W 2 ;MENU  ID
 DC.W 0 ;WIDTH HOLDER
 DC.W 0 ;HEIGHT HOLDER
 DC.L 0 ;RESOURCE ID HOLDER 
 DC.L 3 ;ENABLE ALL ITEMS
 DC.B 4 ; TITLE LENGTH
 DC.B ‘File’; file menu 
 
 DC.B 6 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Quit/Q’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0  NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 DC.B 0 ; END OF MENU ITEM
 
.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘MENU’ 3 ‘edit menu’

 DC.W 3 ;MENU  ID
 DC.W 0 ;WIDTH HOLDER
 DC.W 0 ;HEIGHT HOLDER
 DC.L 0 ;RESOURCE ID HOLDER
 DC.L $7B ;ENABLE ALL ITEMS except 2
 DC.B 4 ; TITLE LENGTH
 DC.B ‘Edit’; edit menu 
 
 DC.B 6 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Undo/Z’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 DC.B 9 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘--------’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 5 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Cut/X’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 6 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Copy/C’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 7 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Paste/V’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 5 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Clear’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 0 ; END OF MENU ITEMS
 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

ExpanDrive 5.4.6 - $49.99
ExpanDrive builds cloud storage in every application, acts just like a USB drive plugged into your Mac. With ExpanDrive, you can securely access any remote file server directly from the Finder or... Read more
Apple Pages 6.1.1 - Apple's word pr...
Apple Pages is a powerful word processor that gives you everything you need to create documents that look beautiful. And read beautifully. It lets you work seamlessly between Mac and iOS devices, and... Read more
Apple Numbers 4.1.1 - Apple's sprea...
With Apple Numbers, sophisticated spreadsheets are just the start. The whole sheet is your canvas. Just add dramatic interactive charts, tables, and images that paint a revealing picture of your data... Read more
Apple Keynote 7.1.1 - Apple's prese...
Easily create gorgeous presentations with the all-new Keynote, featuring powerful yet easy-to-use tools and dazzling effects that will make you a very hard act to follow. The Theme Chooser lets you... Read more
Espresso 5 - Powerful HTML, XML, CSS, an...
Espresso is back. For people who make delightful, innovative, and fast websites -- in an app to match. Espresso helps you write, code, design, build, and publish with flair and efficiency.... Read more
Vitamin-R 2.47 - Personal productivity t...
Vitamin-R creates the optimal conditions for your brain to work at its best by structuring your work into short bursts of distraction-free, highly focused activity alternating with opportunities for... Read more
Dash 4.0.3 - Instant search and offline...
Dash is an API documentation browser and code snippet manager. Dash helps you store snippets of code, as well as instantly search and browse documentation for almost any API you might use (for a full... Read more
Posterino 3.3.6 - Create posters, collag...
Posterino offers enhanced customization and flexibility including a variety of new, stylish templates featuring grids of identical or odd-sized image boxes. You can customize the size and shape of... Read more
Together 3.8.3 - Store and organize all...
Together helps you organize your Mac, giving you the ability to store, edit and preview your files in a single clean, uncluttered interface. Features Smart storage. With simple drag-and-drop... Read more
iClock Pro 3.4.9 - Customize your menuba...
iClock Pro is a menu bar replacement clock for Apple's default clock. iClock Pro is an update, total rewrite and improvement to the popular iClock. Have the day, date and time in different fonts and... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Minimalist puzzle game, Cuts, free on iO...
If you're looking for a gorgeous puzzle experience on iOS devices, developer Gamebra.in's aesthetically interesting puzzler, Cuts, is discounted to free on the iOS App Store right now. [Read more] | Read more »
Anime tactical RPG, War of Crown, comes...
If you're looking for another tactical RPG fix to go alongside your Fire Emblem Heroes campaigns check out Gamevil's newest, anime-inspired tactics RPG, War of Crown, which comes out tomorrow. [Read more] | Read more »
Fantasy MMORPG MU Origin adds new modes,...
MU Origin, Webzen’s highly popular fantasy MMORPG is getting ready to shake things up for the second time this year, as a new update makes its way to the Google Play and App Store from today. Introducing new systems, modes, and events, the land of... | Read more »
Blizzard is looking to hire a mobile dev...
A new thread on the popular video game rumor forum, NeoGAF, uncovered an interesting job listing over at Blizzard Entertainment. It appears the studio behindStarCraft, World of WarCraft, Hearthstone,andOverwatch is looking to bring on a new hire... | Read more »
Legend of Zelda meets Cooking Mama in ne...
Dungeon Chef is what happens when you mix the RPG elements (and style) of a Legend of Zelda game, with cooking elements. Although, now that The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild also has cookingelements, so maybe the gameplay is not so novel.... | Read more »
ChordFlow (Music)
ChordFlow 1.0.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Music Price: $6.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: ChordFlow is a chord sequencer with a unique 4-track polyphonic arpeggiator, extensive chord library, MIDI out and Ableton Link... | Read more »
The Walking Dead: A New Frontier is out...
The newest season of Telltale Games'The Walking Dead is well underway. After the release of the third episode, "Above the Law" about a month ago, episode four, "Thicker Than Water" is hot and ready for more zombies and gut-wrenching emotional... | Read more »
Best games we played this week
Another week, another new wave of mobile games do dive into. We've dug through the list of apps that came out this week to tell you which apps are worth your sweet time. And while there weren't too many games this week, there were some big ones.... | Read more »
Vignettes (Games)
Vignettes 1.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: Vignettes is a casual but unique exploration game without text or characters, where objects shapeshift as you spin them around... | Read more »
Get Me Outta Here is an 80s retro shoote...
Are you ready to fight some aliens? Because Crescent Moon Games has released the retro shooter Get Me Outta Here on iOS devices today. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

HyperX Ships Pulsefire FPS Gaming Mouse, Winn...
Your reporter is a longtime fan of gaming mice for general purpose coomnputing use, finding them typically superior in comfort and performance. HyperX, a division of Kingston Technology Company, Inc... Read more
Penske Truck Leasing Unveils “Penske Fleet” M...
Penske Truck Leasing has introduced a free mobile app called “Penske Fleet” to benefit its full-service truck leasing and contract maintenance customers. The mobile app enables Penske’s customers to... Read more
DEVONthink To Go 2.1.3 For iOS Adds New Declu...
DEVONtechnologies has updated DEVONthink To Go, its iOS companion to DEVONthink for Mac. Enhancements and bug fixes in Version 2.1.3 include DEVONtechnologies’ new decluttering service for clipping... Read more
Use Apple’s Education discount to save up to...
Purchase a new Mac or iPad using Apple’s Education Store and take up to $300 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution qualify for the discount. Shipping is free: -... Read more
Apple refurbished Apple Watches available sta...
Apple is now offering Certified Refurbished Series 1 and Series 2 Apple Watches for 14-16% off MSRP, starting at $229. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each watch. Shipping is free: Series... Read more
15-inch Touch Bar MacBook Pros, Apple refurbi...
Apple is offering Certified Refurbished 2016 15″ Touch Bar MacBook Pros for $360 to $420 off original MSRP. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free: - 15″ 2.6GHz... Read more
13-inch MacBook Airs on sale for up to $150 o...
Overstock.com has 13″ MacBook Airs on sale for up to $150 off MSRP including free shipping: - 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air (sku MMGF2LL/A): $869.99 $130 off MSRP - 13″ 1.6GHz/256GB MacBook Air (sku... Read more
15-inch Touch Bar MacBook Pros on sale for $1...
B&H Photo has the new 2016 15″ Apple Touch Bar MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for up to $200 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.7GHz Touch Bar... Read more
15-inch 2.7GHz Touch Bar MacBook Pros on sale...
Amazon has 2016 15″ 2.7GHz Apple Touch Bar MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for $150-$200 off MSRP. Shipping is free: - 15″ 2.7GHz Touch Bar MacBook Pro Space Gray (sku MLH42LL/A): $2599 $200... Read more
Apple now offering Certified Refurbished 13-i...
Apple is now offering Certified Refurbished 2016 13″ Touch Bar MacBook Pros for $270-$300 off original MSRP. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free: - 13″ 2.9GHz... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Engineering Specialist - CSRA (Unite...
Apple Engineering Specialist All times are in Eastern Daylight Time Requisition ID Job Locations US DC Washington DC Posted Date Category Engineering Sciences Read more
*Apple* Mac Computer Technician - GeekHampto...
…complex computer issues over the phone and in person? GeekHampton, Long Island's Apple Premium Service Provider, is looking for you! Come work with our crew Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions - Apple,...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant - Apple (United...
# Apple Solutions Consultant Job Number: 56881986 Middletown, NY, New York, United States Posted: Apr. 17, 2017 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** As an Apple Read more
*Apple* Mobile Master - Best Buy (United Sta...
**489879BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobile Master **Location Number:** 000402-Utica-Store **Job Description:** **What does a Best Buy Apple Mobile Master do?** At Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.