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Start-up ad
Volume Number:1
Issue Number:3
Column Tag:ASSEMBLY

Start-up ad

By David E. Smith

Corvus called the other day and said they were sending 20 megabyte hard disks to various dealers and asked if I would like to put something about MacTutor on them. The problem was, they needed it the next day! So by 3 in the morning I had my double clickable start-up ad ready to express mail for the Corvus sampler. Thinking others might appreciate this little gem, I’ve used it as the basis for my column this month. It combines our application shell program from the December issue with our icon converter program from last month’s issue, with some new material on menus and events.

WHAT THIS PROGRAM DOES

What we have here is a simple start-up program that can be set by the finder option as the program that gets executed when the disk first boots up. The program opens a window and draws an advertisment for MacTutor, as shown above in figure 1. When the close box is clicked, the finder is called. Such a program can be useful for the front end of your product development disk as a catchy way of introducing your product when the disk is booted up. You can modify the text to advertise your product, or make a clickable birthday card for your favorite Mac hacker. I gave a Mac Disk to a friend for Christmas and included this program with modified text to wish him a Merry Christmas everytime he started up his computer.

TOOLBOX FEATURES

Our program may seem simple in operation, but it’s already complex in toolbox features as listed below:

1. Drag window capability with window updating after drag.

2. Clickable close box exit.

3. Standard menu bar with apple, file and edit menus enabled.

4. Quit command in the file menu as an alternate return to the finder.

5. Text and box drawing using quickdraw.

Although the apple and edit pop-up menus are implemented, the support code for them is not here, so full support of the desk accesories will have to wait until next month. Everything required for a standard Macintosh program is here except text editing support, which is required for cut and paste. Only the quit option in the file menu actually does something. What we want to concentrate on here is the menu bar set-up.Then it is a minor problem to complete the stub routines to handle the individual apple and edit menu functions.

MENUS AS RESOURCES

As we noted last month, resources suffer from almost no documentation and this includes menus as resources. Another problem is that there are several ways to create and maintain menus. They can be created from the program itself, or read in from a resource file. The resource file option can be either created using the RMaker, resource editor if it ever shows up, or by using the assembler. When creating menus from program code, the combination _NewMenu, _AppendMenu, and _InsertMenu traps are used. The _AppendMenu trap reads in the menu information from the local data area at the end of your program code, and the format of the menu items is well documented in the IM docs in the Menu Manager section. In fact, you can easily build your own RMaker using the append menu trap.

APPEND MENU FORMAT

; This commmented code shows how you
;  would do menus using in line code
;  instead of resources. Place this code 
;  in your menu set-up routine.

PEA APPLEMENU    ;menu set-up in code
_NewMenu;make new menu
MOVE.L (SP),D7   ;save menu handle
 ;keep on stack
PEA APPLEMENUITEMS ;apple menu items 
_AppendMenu ;add to apple menu
MOVE.L D7,-(SP)  ;menu handle
CLR.W -(SP) ;add to end
_InsertMenu ;insert menu items

;  This commented code shows how you would 
; set up resources in code for use with 
; _AppendMenu instead of using a resource
; file with _GetRMenu. Place this section
; in your data block.
;
APPLEMENU:
 DC.B 1
 DC.B 20;apple symbol title
 DC.B 0
 
APPLEMENUITEMS:  
 DC.B 21
 DC.B   ‘ABOUT THIS PROGRAM...’
 DC.B 0

; The remaining menu items would be
; desk accesories, which are added  to
; this menu with another trap call.

Menu items from Resources

The reason for going through the above formats for using the append trap is because we DID NOT use it in our program! Instead, we used resources to define the menu and menu items and the _GetRMenu trap to read in the menu resource and set-up the menu bar. The resources can be created either by the RMaker utility, which is well documented, at least for making menus, or by the assembler, which is not documented at all and is not the same format as the RMaker input syntax. After much trial and error I finally got the assembled resource file to work. It seems the assembler creates the binary format of each resource exactly as it is described in the IM docs. The trouble is, not all of the resources have their internal format documented. It is my guess that the RMaker program takes a high level description of the menu resources and translates that description into the same binary format. So in a sense, using the assembler meant we were our own RMaker!

Event Processing

The next major addition to this program is the event processing. Our event loop has been expanded from our simple application shell of the first issue. This time we use a jump table to process all the possible system events that could occour as a result of calling _SystemTask trap.This is done by using the event number returned from _GetNextEvent as an index into a table of offsets for handling each possible event. The big picture of how event processing works is shown in figure 2. In our program, the only event we do anything with is a mouse button down event. All the other entries in our event table return to the GetEvent loop.

Where’s the mouse?

When the mouse button is pressed, and we branch by way of the event table to the ButtonDown routine, we first have to find out where the mouse is. This requires a SECOND table of offsets to branch to different routines depending on where the mouse was when the button was pressed. Our second table is called the WindowTable and it is indexed by the region number returned from _FindWindow, which has located the mouse for us. In this table, we have placed three routines; one for if the mouse is in the menu bar, another if the mouse is in the go-away region of the window, and finally, a third if the mouse is in the drag region of the window.

The drag region routine is easy. We just call _DragWindow trap to move the window. But we also have to re-draw our ad or some of it will be erased when the window is moved. Fortunately all of our ad is drawn in a single subroutine called QDSTUFF, which can be called at any time, including after a drag window operation. And so as if by magic, the ad is restored.

The go-away region is also simple to handle. We just exit our program and return to the finder. The hard task is the menu bar region. Now we have to find out which menu we are in and go through another set of branches to handle each menu item.

Menu Bar Processing

We now come to our third and fourth levels of event processing. The third level is our routine Menubar, which we branch to when we find out the mouse is in the menu bar. Now we have to find out which menu the mouse is in. This is done by calling _MenuSelect trap. The returned menu Id and menu item id identify the menu and the associated menu item where the mouse was clicked. Since we have three menus, Apple, File and Edit, we have three more branches to a routine for each menu. At this point, only the File menu item is processed. We check if the quit option was selected and exit the program. If we were in the apple menu, we would need to make a fourth level branch to a routine for handling either the About option or the desk accesories. This code we have not added yet. Instead Inapplemenu and Ineditmenu just return to the first level of our event processing.

What about the Ad?

We’ve spent so much time just checking out the mouse, we nearly forgot about our ad! The QDSTUFF subroutine draws our ad in our window in the quickest, most brute force way. We simply call _DrawString from quickdraw to draw strings in our window to describe our product. A few boxes liven it up. The nice thing about _DrawString is that it doesn’t require character counting! Just specify the location and away it goes. A few different fonts also help.

Make a good Icon!

Any advertisement needs a good icon and ours is shown on the column masthead. We learned how to create this icon on the desktop in our last issue. To review, we create the icon using the icon editor supplied by Apple. Then we run the icon binary file through our Icon Converter program to create assembly source code. Our resource file has an Include statement that will then merge in this assembly source file for the icon into our resource file. When we assemble the resource file and link it with the program code, we get a nice icon on the desktop. Refer to last month’s issue for the Icon Converter program source code.

Next time we will complete our event processing with the About dialog box, desk accesory support and the remaining support code for our edit menu items. Have some good ideas on assembly programming? Send them to MacTutor and share them with others!

; EXAMPLE ASSEMBLY PROGRAM 
; MENUBAR  (MacTutor 1-3)
; VERSION 26 DEC 84
; (C) 1984 MacTec by David E. Smith

;    Macro subset for Toolbox stuff

MACRO _InitGraf =  DC.W $A86E|
MACRO _InitWind =DC.W $A912| 
MACRO _NewWindow = DC.W $A913|
MACRO _setport = DC.W $A873|
MACRO _InitFont =DC.W $A8FE|
MACRO _InitMenu =DC.W $A930|
MACRO _InitDialog =DC.W $A97B|
MACRO _TEInit   =DC.W $A9CC|
MACRO _Initpack =       DC.W $A9E5|
MACRO _FlushEvents = DC.W $A032|
MACRO _InitCursor =DC.W $A850|
MACRO _GetNextEvent =DC.W $A970|
MACRO _FrameRect = DC.W $A8A1|
MACRO _TextFont =  DC.W $A887|
MACRO _TextFace =  DC.W $A888|
MACRO _TextSize =  DC.W $A88A|
MACRO _MoveTo =  DC.W $A893|
MACRO _DrawString =  DC.W $A884|
MACRO _PenSize = DC.W $A89B|
MACRO _EraseRect = DC.W $A8A3|
MACRO _GetRMenu =DC.W $A9BF|
MACRO _InsertMenu =DC.W $A935|
MACRO _DrawMenuBar = DC.W $A937|
MACRO _Debugger =  DC.W $A9FF|
MACRO _NewMenu = DC.W $A931|
MACRO _AppendMenu =DC.W $A933|
MACRO _AddResMenu =DC.W $A94D|
MACRO _FindWindow =DC.W $A92C|
MACRO _DragWindow =DC.W $A925|
MACRO _SystemTask =DC.W $A9B4|
MACRO _MenuSelect =DC.W $A93D|
MACRO _HiLiteMenu =DC.W $A938|

;      DECLARE LABELS EXTERNAL

XDEF  START          ; required for linker 
 
;     LOCAL EQUATES
 
MouseDown equ  1
MaxEvents equ  12
AllEvents equ  $0000FFFF
 
;     MAIN PROGRAM SEGMENT

 DC.W ‘MINE’;find start of program
 
; -- SAVE THE WORLD ------------
 
START:   MOVEM.L D0-D7/A0-A6, -(SP)
  LEA SAVEREGS,A0
  MOVE.LA6,(A0)   ; local var
  MOVE.LA7,4(A0) ; stack ptr
 
; --INITIALIZE ALL MANAGERS--------

; SET UP QUICKDRAW GLOBALS
 
PEA -4(A5);push qd global ptr
_InitGraf      ;init quickdraw global 
   
;---- SET UP REMAINING MANAGERS  --

_InitFont        ; init font manager
_InitWind   ; init window manager
_InitMenu   ; init menu manager
 
CLR.L -(SP) ; kill the restart 
_InitDialog ; init dialog manager
 
_TEInit ; init text edit (ROM) 
 
MOVE.W  #2,-(SP)   ;  set-up
_Initpack         ; init package mgr

MOVE.L  #AllEvents,D0    ;all events
_FlushEvents      ;flushed
 
_InitCursor      ; make cursor the arrow


;  SET UP MENU BAR WITH POP-UP MENUS

CLR.L -(SP) ;returned menu handle
MOVE.W #1,-(SP)  ;push menu ID 1 Apple
_GetRMenu ;get menu from resource
LEA APPLEMENU,A0    ; copy apple menu handle 
MOVE.L (SP),(A0)   ; to local data block
MOVE.L (SP), -(SP) ;menu handle desk acc.
 ;menu handle on stack
CLR.W -(SP) ;push 0 for append
_InsertMenu ;add menu item 

MOVE.L #’DRVR’, -(SP);load all DRVR type 
_AddResMenu ;add desk accessories


CLR.L -(SP) ;return menu handle
MOVE.W #2,-(SP)  ;push menu ID 2 File
_GetRMenu ;get menu from resource
 ;leave handle on stack
CLR.W -(SP) ;append to menu
_InsertMenu ;the File stuff

CLR.L -(SP) ;return menu handle
MOVE.W #3,-(SP)  ;push menu ID 3 Edit
_GetRMenu ;get menu from resource
 ;leave handle on stack
CLR.W -(SP) ;append to menu
_InsertMenu ;the File stuff

_DrawMenuBar;our menu bar!

;-- SET UP NEW HEAP WINDOW ----
 
CLR.L -(SP)           ;return window ptr
CLR.L -(SP)          ;window record ptr.
PEA WBOUNDS              ;window rectangle 
PEA WINDTITLE            ; window title
MOVE.W #$100,-(SP)    ; true = visible 
MOVE.W #0,-(SP)           ; doc type window
MOVE.L #-1,-(SP)          ; window in front
MOVE.W #$100,-(SP)    ; true=closebox
MOVE.L #0, -(SP)         ; reference value 
_NewWindow                ; make new window
 
; --  ACTIVATE THIS NEW WINDOW ------

LEA WPOINTER,A0         ; copy window ptr 
MOVE.L (SP),(A0)        ; to stacksave
_setport                   ;current window

; --  SET UP WINDOW DISPLAY  --------

BSRQDSTUFF;draw text with QD

;  -------- EVENT LOOP ------------
 
GetEvent:

_SystemTask ;check out desk acc.
CLR-(SP);returned event 
MOVE  #AllEvents,-(SP)  ;mask all events
PEAEventRecord   ; event record block
_GetNextEvent    ;go check the mouse 
MOVE  (SP)+,D0   ;get event result 
CMP#0,D0;if 0 then no event 
BEQGetEvent ;loop until it happens

; JUMP TABLE OF EVENT PROCESSING
 
CLR.L D0
MOVE  What,D0  ;what to do! (event number)
CMP#MaxEvents,D0 ;event no. >11?
BGEGetEvent ;yes so ignore it
ADDD0,D0;multiply by 2
MOVE  EventTable(D0),D0
JMPEventTable(D0);execute event

EventTable:

 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;null event 
 DC.W ButtonDown-EventTable ;mouse down 
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;mouse up
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;key down event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;key up event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;auto key
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable  ;update event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;Disk Event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;activate event
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;Abort
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;Network
 DC.W GetEvent-EventTable ;I/O Driver
 ;application events would  follow
 
; note that linker error may result if 
; the table entry is >128 

; -  EVENT PROCESSING ROUTINES --------

ButtonDown:

CLR-(SP);result of findwindow
MOVE.L  Point,  -(SP);push mouse coordinates
PEAWWindow;push holder for handle
_FindWindow ;where was mouse click?
CLR.L D0
MOVE (SP)+,D0    ;pop region number
ADDD0,D0;multiply by 2
MOVE  WindowTable(D0),D0
JMPWindowTable(D0) ;do mouse down event

WindowTable:;table of mouse events
 
 DC.W GetEvent-WindowTable;in desk (none of following)
 DC.W Menubar-WindowTable ;in menu bar 
 DC.W GetEvent-WindowTable;in system window
 DC.W GetEvent-WindowTable;in content region
 DC.W Drag-WindowTable    ;in drag region
 DC.W GetEvent-WindowTable;in grow region
 DC.W Exit-WindowTable    ;in go-away region 

Drag:   ;mouse in drag window

MOVE.L  WWindow,-(SP);push window pointer
MOVE.L  Point, -(SP) ;push mouse coordinates
PEADRAGWINDOW  ;window boundry to drag
_DragWindow ;move window
BSRQDSTUFF;update window text
JMPGetEvent ;return to event loop

Menubar:

CLR.L -(SP) ;returned menu choice
MOVE.L  Point,-(SP);mouse position
_MenuSelect ;Find menu selected
MOVE  (SP)+,D5 ;pop menu ID to D5
MOVE  (SP)+,D6 ;pop menu item ID to D6
CLR-(SP);select all menus
_HiLiteMenu ;unhilite them all

CMP#1, D5 ;apple menu?
BEQInapplemenu 
CMP#2, D5 ;file menu?
BEQInfilemenu
CMP#3,D5;edit menu?
BEQIneditmenu
BRAGetEvent ;no place else

Inapplemenu:

BRAGetEvent ;no place else

Infilemenu:

CMP#1,D6;quit?
BNEGetEvent ;no, try again
BRAExit ;yes, exit


Ineditmenu:

BRAGetEvent ;no place else

Exit:

JMPTofinder ;return to finder

; -- END OF MAIN --------------

; -- QDSTUFF SUBROUTINE ----------

QDSTUFF:

; This subroutine is a static
; window display of text for our
; ad. It would more properly be
; placed in a resource file as
; strings, but when in a hurry...

LEAtop,A0 ;set-up our globals
 ;window frame size.
MOVE.W #10,   (A0) ;TOP
MOVE.W #30,  2(A0) ;LEFT
MOVE.W #250, 4(A0) ;BOTTOM
MOVE.W #400, 6(A0) ;RIGHT 

PEA top                    ;window rectangle
_FrameRect;draw rectangle

MOVE.W #1, -(SP)          ;FONT
_TextFont
MOVE.W #12, -(SP);style
_TextFace
MOVE.W #24, -(SP);SIZE
_TextSize
MOVE.W #40, -(SP)       ; h
MOVE.W #50, -(SP);v
_MoveTo ;set pen location
PEA ‘MacTutor’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #0, -(SP) ;chicago
_TextFont
MOVE.W #0, -(SP) ;normal
_TextFace
MOVE.W #12, -(SP);12 point size
_TextSize
MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #80, -(SP);V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘The Macintosh Programming Journal’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #110, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘AT LAST! A no-nonsense, no fluff Journal’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #130, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘devoted to programming ON the Mac, FOR the Mac!’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #150, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘Subscribe to MacTutor, and learn how to create’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #170, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘this assembly language program, including the icon!’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #190, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘So do not delay. Send for the ONLY Technical ‘
_DrawString

MOVE.W #40, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #210, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘publication that teaches the Mac technology!’
_DrawString

MOVE.W #80, -(SP);H
MOVE.W #230, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘Send $24 for 12 issues to:’
_DrawString

LEAtop,A0
MOVE.W #215,   (A0);TOP
MOVE.W #250,  2(A0);LEFT
MOVE.W #290, 4(A0) ;BOTTOM
MOVE.W #450, 6(A0) ;RIGHT 
PEA top                    ;window rectangle
_EraseRect;clear rectange
PEA top
_FrameRect;draw rectangle

MOVE.W #2, -(SP) ;WIDTH
MOVE.W #2, -(SP) ;HEIGHT
_PenSize

LEAtop,A0
MOVE.W #218,   (A0);TOP
MOVE.W #253,  2(A0);LEFT
MOVE.W #287, 4(A0) ;BOTTOM
MOVE.W #447, 6(A0) ;RIGHT 
PEA top                   ;window rectangle
_FrameRect;draw rectangle

MOVE.W #280, -(SP) ;H
MOVE.W #230, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘MacTutor’
_DrawString


MOVE.W #280, -(SP) ;H
MOVE.W #245, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘P.O. Box 400’
_DrawString


MOVE.W #280, -(SP) ;H
MOVE.W #260, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘Placentia, CA  92670’
_DrawString


MOVE.W #280, -(SP) ;H
MOVE.W #275, -(SP) ;V
_MoveTo
PEA ‘Or call (714) 630-3730’
_DrawString

RTS

; -------- MOVBALL SUBROUTINE  ----------

MOVBALL:
;  place some animation in this routine 
;  while waiting for an event.
RTS

; -- RESTORE THE WORLD --------

Tofinder:  LEA SAVEREGS,A0  ; get back
    MOVE.L   (A0),A6 ; local var
    MOVE.L 4(A0),A7;restore stack 
    MOVEM.L (SP)+,D0-D7/A0-A6 
 
; ---- RETURN TO FINDER --------

        RTS      ; return to finder

; ----LOCAL DATA AREA ----------

APPLEMENU:DC.L 0
 
SAVEREGS: DCB.L   2,0     ;set  save area

WPOINTER: DC.L     0      ;store window pt

WBOUNDS:DC.W   40  ;rectangle TOP
 DC.W    2;LEFT
 DC.W    335;BOTTOM
 DC.W    508;RIGHT
 
WINDTITLE:  DC.B    42  ; title length
            DC.B    ‘MacTutor: The Macintosh Programming Journal’,0
      
DRAGWINDOW: DC.W 30;RECTANGLE
 DC.W 1
 DC.W 350
 DC.W 510

EventRecord:
 
 What:  DC.W    0;what event number
 Message: DC.L    0;ptr. to msg
 When:  DC.L    0;Time event posted
 Point:   DC.L    0;mouse coordinates
 Modify:  DC.W    0;state of keys 
 WWindow: DC.L 0   ;Find window’s result

 
; --   APPLICATION GLOBALS  ----------
 
top:    DS.W1
left:   DS.W1
bottom: DS.W1
right:  DS.W1

; ----   END OF PROGRAM -------------


; MENUBAR_RSRC.ASM
; resource file for the MENUBAR 
; created using the assembler
; signature is creator tag 
;
RESOURCE ‘DAVE’ 0 ‘IDENTIFICATION’

 DC.B 18, ‘AD FOR MACTECH 1-3’
 
.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘BNDL’ 128 ‘BUNDLE’

 DC.L ‘DAVE’;NAME OF SIGNATURE
 DC.W 0,1 ;DATA (DOESN’T CHANGE)
 DC.L ‘ICN#’;ICON MAPPINGS
 DC.W 0 ;NUMBER OF MAPPINGS-1
 DC.W 0,128 ;MAP 0 TO ICON 128
    
 DC.L ‘FREF’;FREF MAPPINGS
 DC.W 0 ;NUMBER OF MAPPINGS-1
 DC.W 0,128 ;MAP 0 TO FREF 128

RESOURCE ‘FREF’ 128 ‘FREF 1’
 
 DC.B ‘APPL’, 0, 0, 0
 
.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘ICN#’ 128 ‘MY ICON’

; FIRST APPLICATION ICON BIT MAP

INCLUDE LOGO.ICON.ASM

; MENU BAR RESOURCES

.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘MENU’ 1 ‘apple menu’

 DC.W 1 ;MENU  ID
 DC.W 0 ;WIDTH HOLDER
 DC.W 0 ;HEIGHT HOLDER
 DC.L 0 ;RESOURCE ID HOLDER FOR STD. MENU 
 DC.L $1FF  ;ENABLE ALL ITEMS
 DC.B 1 ;TITLE LENGTH
 DC.B 20; APPLE SYMBOL
 
 DC.B 21;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘ABOUT THIS PROGRAM...’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 DC.B 0 ; END OF MENU ITEM
 
.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘MENU’ 2 ‘file menu’

 DC.W 2 ;MENU  ID
 DC.W 0 ;WIDTH HOLDER
 DC.W 0 ;HEIGHT HOLDER
 DC.L 0 ;RESOURCE ID HOLDER 
 DC.L 3 ;ENABLE ALL ITEMS
 DC.B 4 ; TITLE LENGTH
 DC.B ‘File’; file menu 
 
 DC.B 6 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Quit/Q’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0  NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 DC.B 0 ; END OF MENU ITEM
 
.ALIGN 2
RESOURCE ‘MENU’ 3 ‘edit menu’

 DC.W 3 ;MENU  ID
 DC.W 0 ;WIDTH HOLDER
 DC.W 0 ;HEIGHT HOLDER
 DC.L 0 ;RESOURCE ID HOLDER
 DC.L $7B ;ENABLE ALL ITEMS except 2
 DC.B 4 ; TITLE LENGTH
 DC.B ‘Edit’; edit menu 
 
 DC.B 6 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Undo/Z’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 DC.B 9 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘--------’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 5 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Cut/X’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 6 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Copy/C’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 7 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Paste/V’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 5 ;MENU ITEM LENGTH
 DC.B  ‘Clear’
 DC.B 0 ; NO ICON
 DC.B 0 ; NO KEYBOARD EQUIVALENT
 DC.B 0 ; NO MARKING CHARACTER
 DC.B 0 ; STYLE OF ITEM’S TEXT
 
 DC.B 0 ; END OF MENU ITEMS
 

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iExplorer is an iPhone browser for Mac lets you view the files on your iOS device. By using a drag and drop interface, you can quickly copy files and folders between your Mac and your iPhone or... Read more
PCalc 4.5.3 - Full-featured scientific c...
PCalc is a full-featured, scriptable scientific calculator with support for hexadecimal, octal, and binary calculations, as well as an RPN mode, programmable functions, and an extensive set of unit... Read more
iExplorer 4.1.9 - View and transfer file...
iExplorer is an iPhone browser for Mac lets you view the files on your iOS device. By using a drag and drop interface, you can quickly copy files and folders between your Mac and your iPhone or... Read more

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Mighty Battles guide - how to build a so...
Mighty Battles, the latest title from Hothead Games, is set to take the App Store by storm. The game puts a welcome twist on lane battlers, adding FPS elements to spice things up a bit. You'll collect cards to put your own military unit to gether,... | Read more »
Rules of Survival guide - how to be the...
The PUBG craze makes its way to mobile, with more and more battle royale games debuting on iOS and Android. Rules of Survival joins the ranks of mobile PUBG-likes, offering a classic battle royale experiences that doesn't vary too much from its... | Read more »
The best new games we played this week -...
The weekend is upon us friends, and it's time to take a look back and reflect on all of the wonderful games we've played over the past few days. This week was jam packed with new releases. There were some big, long awaited launches, some fun... | Read more »
Lineage II: Revolution guide - tips and...
At long last, Lineage II: Revolution has now come to western shores, bring Netmarble's sweeping MMORPG to mobile devices. It's an addictive, epic experience, but some of the systems in the game can be a bit overwhelming. Here are a few tips to help... | Read more »
A Boy and His Blob (Games)
A Boy and His Blob 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
Fight terrible monsters and collect epic...
Released on Western markets early last month, Dragon Project, created by Japanese developer COLOPL, brings epic monster hunting action to mobile for the very first time. Collect a huge array of weapons and armor, and join up with friends to fight... | Read more »
I Am The Hero (Games)
I Am The Hero 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: I Am The Hero is a pixel art, beat 'em up, fighting game that tells the story of a "Hero" with a glorious but mysterious past.... | Read more »
Kauldron (Music)
Kauldron 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Music Price: $3.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Kauldron is our warmest sounding, punchiest synth yet! A completely new modeling technology, combined with carefully designed... | Read more »
Lineage II: Revolution is mobile’s bigge...
NCSoft’s hit fantasy MMORPG series has just made the leap to mobile with the help of Netmarble in Lineage II: Revolution. With over 1.5 million players having already pre-registered ahead of the game’s launch, Revolution hit the app stores... | Read more »
Swing skilfully in new physics-based pla...
Sometimes it’s the most difficult of obstacles that can be the most rewarding. One game hoping to prove this is OCMO, the new tough but fair platformer from developers Team Ocmo. Primed to set every speedrunner’s pulse racing, as an otherworldly... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Black Friday pricing on Macs and iPads now av...
B&H Photo has lowered prices on many Macs, iPads, and iPad Pros as part of their Black Friday week sale. Save up to $200 on MacBooks and iMacs and up to $150 on iPads. B&H charges sales tax... Read more
Best Apple iPad deals this weekend, up to $80...
Apple resellers are offering 9.7″ iPads and 10.5″ iPad Pros for up to $80 off MSRP this weekend as part of their early Holiday and Black Friday sales: Adorama is offering new 2017 9.7″ 32GB WiFi... Read more
Early Black Friday sale: Apple iMacs for up t...
B&H Photo has 27-inch iMacs in stock and on sale for up $130-$150 off MSRP including free shipping. B&H charges sales tax in NY & NJ only: – 27″ 3.8GHz iMac (MNED2LL/A): $2149 $150 off... Read more
Apple restocks refurbished Mac minis starting...
Apple has restocked Certified Refurbished Mac minis starting at $419. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and shipping is free: – 1.4GHz Mac mini: $419 $80 off MSRP – 2.6GHz Mac... Read more
Save on 12″ MacBooks, Apple refurbished model...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2017 12″ Retina MacBooks available for $200-$240 off the cost of new models. Apple will include a standard one-year warranty with each MacBook, and shipping is free.... Read more
Early Holiday sale: 12″ iPad Pros for up to $...
B&H Photo has 12″ iPad Pros on sale today for up to $130 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H collects no sales tax outside NY & NJ: – 12″ 64GB WiFi iPad Pro: $749, save $50 – 12″ 256GB... Read more
Holiday sale prices on Apple 13″ MacBook Pros...
B&H Photo has 2017 13″ MacBook Pros in stock today and on sale for $100-$150 off MSRP, each including free shipping plus NY & NJ sales tax only: – 13-inch 2.3GHz/128GB Space Gray MacBook Pro... Read more
Sale: 13″ MacBook Airs starting at $899, $100...
B&H Photo has 2017 13″ MacBook Airs on sale today for $100 off MSRP including free shipping. B&H charges NY & NJ sales tax only: – 13″ 1.8GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MQD32LL/A): $899, $100 off... Read more
Week’s Best Deal on 13″ MacBook Pros: Apple r...
Apple has a full line of Apple Certified Refurbished 2017 13″ MacBook Pros available for $200-$300 off MSRP. A standard Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is free.... Read more
Deal: 15″ 2.6GHz MacBook Pro for $1799 w/free...
B&H Photo has clearance 2016 15″ 2.6GHz Touch Bar MacBook Pros in stock today and available for $600 off original MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY & NJ sales tax only: – 15″ 2.... Read more

Jobs Board

Product Manager - *Apple* Pay on the *Appl...
Job Summary Apple is looking for a talented product manager to drive the expansion of Apple Pay on the Apple Online Store. This position includes a unique Read more
*Apple* Pro/Consumer Apps Support Engineer -...
…exemplify AppleCare's expert technical support paired with exceptional customer service for Apple 's software apps. This person is a problem solver, who understands Read more
Partner Marketing Manager, *Apple* Pay - Ap...
Job Summary The Apple Pay partner marketing team is looking for a Marketing Manager to develop and drive US programs. The right candidate will be passionate about Read more
*Apple* Solution Consultant - Apple (United...
# Apple Solution Consultant - Rochester, MN Job Number: 113037950 Rochester, MN, Minnesota, United States Posted: 19-Sep-2017 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** Are Read more
Sr. Experience Producer, Today at *Apple* -...
# Sr. Experience Producer, Today at Apple Job Number: 56495251 Santa Clara Valley, California, United States Posted: 23-Jun-2017 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** Read more
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