TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Knowing Date
Volume Number:1
Issue Number:2
Column Tag:BASIC SCHOOL

“Does Anybody Really Know What Date It Is?”

By Dave Kelly, Program by Michael Steiner

“Does Anybody Really Know What Date It Is?”

REAL stand alone (almost) applications can now be written in Basic. Microsoft Basic version 2.0 includes the required routines to make your Macintosh look just like those fancy assembly language application programs. This months feature includes a useful example of what Microsoft Basic 2.0 can do. After waiting months for the Mac development tools we need, we can now use them to keep track of all those months with a perpetual calendar.

The program written by Michael Steiner, will give you a quick overview of some of the features of Microsoft Basic 2.0. I found that I preferred editing the Basic listing with MacWrite and saving the file as text. Microsoft Basic will read MacWrite text files and MacWrite will read Microsoft Basic programs stored as text.

Anyone who has used the previous versions of Microsoft Basic will be glad to know that programs they have written for version 1.0 will work on version 2.0, however they won’t take advantage of the extended features without modification. The most noticeable feature is the ability to control all the pull down menus.

Type in the program and run it. The program opens a window to full screen size and then erases all the menus used by Basic. Then a second window opens up and displays instructions. The “OK” button was programmed with the one line BUTTON command. DIALOG(0) and DIALOG(1) return information about the status of the button or buttons. With a few simple lines you can design your own dialog windows and set up buttons to select various options.

After clicking the “OK” button, the program displays a set of options available using the various button styles available. If you don’t want to print a whole year you can deselect the “Entire year” option. The programmed menus let you select the beginning and ending months to print. You can program your own menus by using the MENU command. By issuing the appropriate parameters with the menu command you can enable or disable various menu option. MENU(0) and MENU(1) provide the means to poll the status of the menu selection. We will explore the MENU command in depth in future columns.

Notice that you can change the date by simply clicking and editing the date in the year box. All the Macintosh editing functions are easily invoked. In fact, the year box works just like the type and creator boxes in the Set File utility. Obviously Basic 2.0 can create applications that appear just like stand-alone programs. This language may be even more powerful than Apple’s Mac Pascal.

After selecting the options you want, click the “OK” button and the program prints each month to the screen one at a time. If you selected the “Show Julian” option, the Julian date will be printed along with the calendar. There is no option to print the calendar on the printer, however you can use the command-shift 4 option to print the window or modify the program yourself to print to the printer. Another feature you can try adding is to create another button for scrolling the calender back and forth. Be sure to share any ideas you come up with for Basic with our readers by writing me care of MacTech. Happy New Year!


‘**********************************
‘               Perpetual Calendar
‘Copyright 1984, Michael Steiner, All Commercial Rights Reserved 26 Oct 
84
‘Permission is granted to use, copy, and modify this program for your 
own personal use
‘Modified and comments by David Kelly 
‘**********************************

WINDOW 1,””,(0,12)-(512,342),3  ‘Open full screen window
sm=1:em=12  ‘Initial start and end months
oldsm=sm:oldem=em
DIM status (2,12)
FOR i = 5 TO 1 STEP -1   ‘Erase all the basic menus
  MENU i,0,0,””
NEXT i

instructions:
  WINDOW 2,””,(3,70)-(509,270),3    ‘Open 2nd window
  WIDTH 62
  PRINT
  PRINT”This program will generate a calendar for any year from 1753 
onward.”
  PRINT”You may choose whether you want to display Julian Dates as well 
as the days ofthe month.  You may select to print the whole year or you 
may choose starting   and ending months.”
  PRINT:PRINT”Click OK when you have finished reading these instructions.”
  BUTTON 1,1,”OK”,(210,150)- (250,170),1  ‘ Set up button #1
  WHILE  DIALOG(0) <>1 :WEND  ‘ Wait for button #1

setup:
  WINDOW 2,””,(50,100)-(450,200),2   ‘Change 2nd window and open it
  TEXTFACE (1)
  MOVETO 250,15:PRINT”Show Julian”:MOVETO 250,30:PRINT “Date?”
  BUTTON 1,1,”Yes”,(250,40)-(300,60),3        ‘Set up buttons
  BUTTON 2,2,”No”,(250,65)-(290,85),3
  BUTTON 3,2,”Print Entire year”, (50,60)-(200,80),2
  BUTTON 4,1,”OK”,(360,60)-(390,80),1
  MOVETO 50,40:PRINT”Year”
  TEXTFACE (0)
  EDIT FIELD 1,RIGHT$(DATE$,4), (90,30)-(130,45),2  ‘Set up Edit field 
with current year
  DATA January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, 
October, November, December
  DIM month$(12)
  FOR i = 1 TO 12:READ month$(i):NEXT i  ‘Read the months
  BStatus=1:GOSUB EntireYear
  DialogActive = 1
  WHILE DialogActive
    EventType = DIALOG(0)   ‘See if a button is pressed
    IF EventType = 1 THEN GOSUB ButtonEvent
    MenuId = MENU(0)    ‘See which menu is selected
    IF MenuId THEN GOSUB ChooseMonth
  WEND
  Year = VAL(EDIT$(1)):IF Year < 1753 THEN Year = 1753  ‘Get year data
WINDOW CLOSE 2
 
calendar:
  MENU 1,0,0,””  ‘Clear menu 1
  MENU 2,0,0,””  ‘Clear meun 2
  BUTTON 1,1,”Continue”, (50,305)-(125,325),1   ‘Set up button 1
  BUTTON 2,1,”Quit”,(350,305)- (400,325),1 ‘Set up button 2
 TEXTSIZE(12):TEXTFACE(0): TEXTMODE(1)   ‘Set font attributes
  DATA 31,28,31,30,31,30,31,31,30, 31,30,31
  DIM dm(12):FOR mo=1 TO 12: READ dm(mo):NEXT mo ‘Read # of days/month
  DIM M$(12) :FOR MO=1 TO 12: M$(MO)=month$(MO) :NEXT MO
  DATA SUN,MON,TUE,WED,THU,FRI,SAT
  DIM DAY$(7):FOR DAY = 1 TO 7: READ DAY$(DAY):NEXT DAY   ‘Read days 
of week
  DM(2) =DM(2) -(YEAR/4 =INT(YEAR/4)) +(YEAR/100= INT(YEAR/100)) -(YEAR/400= 
INT(YEAR/400))   ‘Add a day for leap year
  DIM jd(12)
  FOR i= 1 TO 12: jd(i)=jd(i-1)+ dm(i-1):NEXT I
  Y= INT(((365.25*YEAR+jd(sm))/7- INT((365.25*YEAR+jd(sm))/7))*7- 1.2499999#)
  IF Y<0 THEN Y=Y+7
  CALL PENSIZE (3,3)
  FOR M=sm TO em
    dy=jd(m)
    CLS’  Draw the calendar
    FOR I = 1 TO 7:LINE (5,I*40+10)- (481,I*40+10):NEXT I
    FOR I = 0 TO 7:LINE (I*68+5,50)- (I*68+5,290):NEXT I
    TEXTSIZE (24): TEXTFACE (17)’  Set calendar font attributes
    CALL MOVETO (130,34): PRINT M$(M);”   “;YEAR;
    TEXTSIZE (12):TEXTFACE(1)
    FOR I= 0 TO 6: CALL MOVETO (I*68+10,49): PRINT DAY$(I+1):NEXT I
    FOR DM = 1 TO DM(M)
      TEXTFACE(9):TEXTSIZE(18)
      CALL MOVETO (Y*68,X+71):PRINT DM: IF JU THEN GOSUB JulianPrint
      Y=Y+1:IF Y>6 THEN Y=0:X = X+40
    NEXT dm
    WHILE DIALOG(0) <> 1 :WEND   ‘Wait for button press
      IF DIALOG(1)=2 THEN M=em
      X=0
  NEXT M
 
EndRoutine:              ‘Set up End menu
 WINDOW CLOSE 1
  MENU 1,0,1,”Options”
  MENU 1,1,1,”Re-run Program”
  MENU 1,2,1,”Exit to Finder”
  WHILE MENU(0) = 0:WEND   ‘Wait till selection is made
IF MENU(1)=1 THEN RUN : ELSE SYSTEM  ‘Return to Finder
 
ButtonEvent:
  ButtonId = DIALOG(1)
  IF ButtonId=4 THEN DialogActive=0
  ON ButtonId GOSUB Julian, NoJulian, EntireYear
RETURN

Julian:   ‘Set button for Julian year print
    BUTTON 1,2
    BUTTON 2,1
    JU=-1
RETURN
 
NoJulian:  ‘Set button for Julian no print 
    BUTTON 1,1
    BUTTON 2,2
    JU=0
RETURN
 
EntireYear:  ‘Set beginning month to Jan. & Ending month to Dec.
  IF BStatus = 1 THEN BStatus =2:sm=1:em=12:ELSE BStatus = 1
  FOR ms = 1 TO 2:FOR st= 0 TO 12: status(ms,st)=ABS((BStatus=1)): NEXT 
st,ms
  BUTTON 3,BStatus
  MENU 1,0,status(1,0),”Starting Month”
  FOR i= 1 TO 12
    MENU 1,i,status (1,i),month$(i)
  NEXT i
  MENU 1,sm,2,month$(sm)
 
Endmonth:
  MENU 2,0,status(2,0),”Ending Month”
   FOR i = 1 TO 12
      MENU 2,i,ABS(sm<(i+1)),month$(i)
   NEXT i
   IF em >= sm THEN MENU 2,em,2,month$(em)
RETURN
 
ChooseMonth:
  ItemId = MENU(1)
  IF MenuId=1 THEN oldsm=sm: sm=ItemId:MENU 1,0,1: MENU 1,sm,2,month$(sm): 
IF oldsm<>sm THEN MENU 1,oldsm,1,month$(oldsm)
  IF MenuId=1 THEN GOSUB EndMonth
  IF MenuId=2 THEN oldem=em: em=ItemId: MENU 2,0,1: MENU 2,em,2,month$(em):IF 
oldem<>em OR oldem> sm THEN MENU 2,oldem, ABS(oldem>=sm),month$(oldem)
  IF em<sm THEN em=sm: MENU 2,em, 2,month$(em)
RETURN
 
JulianPrint:    ‘Print Julian year
    dy=dy+1
    dy$=RIGHT$(STR$(year),1)+ RIGHT$(“00”+MID$(STR$(dy),2),3)
    dy=VAL(dy$)
    TEXTSIZE (12):TEXTFACE (0)
    CALL MOVETO (Y*68+10,X+85)
    PRINT dy$;
RETURN


 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Bookends 12.8.3 - Reference management a...
Bookends is a full-featured bibliography/reference and information-management system for students and professionals. Bookends uses the cloud to sync reference libraries on all the Macs you use.... Read more
Mellel 3.5.5 - The word processor for sc...
Mellel is the leading word processor for OS X and has been widely considered the industry standard since its inception. Mellel focuses on writers and scholars for technical writing and multilingual... Read more
Mellel 3.5.5 - The word processor for sc...
Mellel is the leading word processor for OS X and has been widely considered the industry standard since its inception. Mellel focuses on writers and scholars for technical writing and multilingual... Read more
Bookends 12.8.3 - Reference management a...
Bookends is a full-featured bibliography/reference and information-management system for students and professionals. Bookends uses the cloud to sync reference libraries on all the Macs you use.... Read more
Carbon Copy Cloner 4.1.18 - Easy-to-use...
Carbon Copy Cloner backups are better than ordinary backups. Suppose the unthinkable happens while you're under deadline to finish a project: your Mac is unresponsive and all you hear is an ominous,... Read more
Hopper Disassembler 4.2.14- - Binary dis...
Hopper Disassembler is a binary disassembler, decompiler, and debugger for 32- and 64-bit executables. It will let you disassemble any binary you want, and provide you all the information about its... Read more
BetterTouchTool 2.291 - Customize Multi-...
BetterTouchTool adds many new, fully customizable gestures to the Magic Mouse, Multi-Touch MacBook trackpad, and Magic Trackpad. These gestures are customizable: Magic Mouse: Pinch in / out (zoom... Read more
Sound Studio 4.8.11 - Robust audio recor...
Sound Studio lets you easily record and professionally edit audio on your Mac. Easily rip vinyls and digitize cassette tapes, or record lectures and voice memos. Prepare for live shows with live... Read more
Sound Studio 4.8.11 - Robust audio recor...
Sound Studio lets you easily record and professionally edit audio on your Mac. Easily rip vinyls and digitize cassette tapes, or record lectures and voice memos. Prepare for live shows with live... Read more
BetterTouchTool 2.291 - Customize Multi-...
BetterTouchTool adds many new, fully customizable gestures to the Magic Mouse, Multi-Touch MacBook trackpad, and Magic Trackpad. These gestures are customizable: Magic Mouse: Pinch in / out (zoom... Read more

The best 2v2 card combos in Clash Royale
2v2 is making it's grand return toClash Royalequite soon. 2v2 has quickly become one of the game's most popular gameplay modes, though they still have yet to make it a permanent fixture in the game. 2v2 is exciting and adds some new flavor to... | Read more »
The best games we played this week - Aug...
Another busy week has come to a close. We played a lot of excellent games this week and now it's time to look back and reflect on some our favorites. Here are our picks for the week of August 18. [Read more] | Read more »
War Wings beginner's guide - how to...
War Wings is the newest project from well-established game maker Miniclip. It's a World War II aerial dogfighting game with loads of different airplane models to unlock and battle. The game offers plenty of single player and multiplayer action. We... | Read more »
How to win every 2v2 battle in Clash Roy...
2v2 is coming back to Clash Royale in a big way. Although it's only been available for temporary periods of time, 2v2 has seen a hugely positive fan response, with players clamoring for more team-based gameplay. Soon we'll get yet another taste of... | Read more »
Roll to Win with Game of Dice’s new upda...
Joycity’s hit Game of Dice gets a big new update this week, introducing new maps, mechanics, and even costumes. The update sets players loose on an exciting new map, The Cursed Tower, that allows folks to use special Runes mid-match. If you feel... | Read more »
Bottom of the 9th (Games)
Bottom of the 9th 1.0.1 Device: iOS iPhone Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: Play the most exciting moment of baseball in this fast-paced dice and card game! | Read more »
The best apps for viewing the solar ecli...
If you somehow missed the news, many parts of the United States will be witness to a total solar eclipse on August 21 for the first time in over 90 years. It'll be possible to see the eclipse in at least some capacity throughout the continental U... | Read more »
The 5 best mobile survival games
Games like ARK: Survival Evolved and Conan Exiles have taken the world of gaming by storm. The market is now flooded with hardcore survival games that send players off into the game's world with nothing but maybe the clothes on their back. Never... | Read more »
Portal Walk (Games)
Portal Walk 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Portal Walk is adventure and relaxing platform game about Eugene. Eugene stuck between worlds and trying to find way back home.... | Read more »
Technobabylon (Games)
Technobabylon 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: City of Newton, 2087. Genetic engineering is the norm, the addictive Trance has replaced almost any need for human interaction,... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

15-inch 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pro, Apple refu...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2015 15″ 2.2GHz Retina MacBook Pros available for $1699. That’s $300 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for a 15″ MacBook Pro. An Apple one-year warranty is... Read more
Apple refurbished Mac minis available startin...
Apple has Certified Refurbished Mac minis available starting at $419. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and shipping is free: – 1.4GHz Mac mini: $419 $80 off MSRP – 2.6GHz Mac... Read more
Apple refurbished iPad Pros available startin...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2016 12″ WiFi iPad Pros available starting at $589. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free: – 32GB 12″ iPad Pro WiFi: $589... Read more
Weekend sale: 13-inch MacBook Pros for up to...
Amazon has new 2017 13″ MacBook Pros on sale today for up to $200 off MSRP, each including free shipping: – 13″ 3.1GHz/256GB Space Gray MacBook Pro (MPXV2LL/A): $1599.99 $200 off MSRP – 13″ 3.1GHz/... Read more
Back To School With The Edge Desk All-in-one...
Back to school is just around the corner, and the ergonomically correct Edge Desk all-in-one portable kneeling desk is ideal for students living in dorms and small apartments, Edge Desk features:... Read more
Norton Core Secure Wi-Fi Router Now Available...
First introduced at the 2017 Consumer Electronics Show (CES), Norton Core, a secure, high-performance Wi-Fi router, fundamentally changed the concept of Wi-Fi routers by making security the primary... Read more
ViewSonic Adds New 27-inch 4K UHD Monitor to...
ViewSonic Corp. has introduced the VP2785-4K, a 27-inch 4K UHD (3840×2160) monitor that delivers precise and consistent color representation and performance to ensure incredible image quality. Built... Read more
Apple now offering Certified Refurbished 2017...
Apple is now offering Certified Refurbished 2017 27″ iMacs for up to $350 off original MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping is free. The following models are available: – 27″ 3.... Read more
13-inch 2.3GHz MacBook Pros on sale for $100...
Amazon has the new 2017 13″ 2.3GHz MacBook Pros on sale today for $100 off MSRP, each including free shipping: – 13″ 2.3GHz/128GB Space Gray MacBook Pro (MPXQ2LL/A): $1199.99 $100 off MSRP – 13″ 2.... Read more
Clearance 2016 13-inch MacBook Airs available...
B&H Photo has clearance 2016 13″ MacBook Airs available for up to $200 off original MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY & NJ sales tax only: – 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MMGF2LL... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant - Apple Inc. (U...
Job Summary As an Apple Solutions Consultant, you'll be the link between our future customers and our products. You'll showcase your entrepreneurial spirit as you Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Stockho...
Job Summary The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as the Apple business manager and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant - Apple Inc. (U...
…about helping others on a team while also delighting customers? As an Apple Solutions Consultant (ASC), you will discover customers needs and help connect them Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant - Apple Inc. (U...
…about helping others on a team while also delighting customers? As an Apple Solutions Consultant (ASC), you will discover customers needs and help connect them Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple I...
Job Summary The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.