TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Knowing Date
Volume Number:1
Issue Number:2

“Does Anybody Really Know What Date It Is?”

By Dave Kelly, Program by Michael Steiner

“Does Anybody Really Know What Date It Is?”

REAL stand alone (almost) applications can now be written in Basic. Microsoft Basic version 2.0 includes the required routines to make your Macintosh look just like those fancy assembly language application programs. This months feature includes a useful example of what Microsoft Basic 2.0 can do. After waiting months for the Mac development tools we need, we can now use them to keep track of all those months with a perpetual calendar.

The program written by Michael Steiner, will give you a quick overview of some of the features of Microsoft Basic 2.0. I found that I preferred editing the Basic listing with MacWrite and saving the file as text. Microsoft Basic will read MacWrite text files and MacWrite will read Microsoft Basic programs stored as text.

Anyone who has used the previous versions of Microsoft Basic will be glad to know that programs they have written for version 1.0 will work on version 2.0, however they won’t take advantage of the extended features without modification. The most noticeable feature is the ability to control all the pull down menus.

Type in the program and run it. The program opens a window to full screen size and then erases all the menus used by Basic. Then a second window opens up and displays instructions. The “OK” button was programmed with the one line BUTTON command. DIALOG(0) and DIALOG(1) return information about the status of the button or buttons. With a few simple lines you can design your own dialog windows and set up buttons to select various options.

After clicking the “OK” button, the program displays a set of options available using the various button styles available. If you don’t want to print a whole year you can deselect the “Entire year” option. The programmed menus let you select the beginning and ending months to print. You can program your own menus by using the MENU command. By issuing the appropriate parameters with the menu command you can enable or disable various menu option. MENU(0) and MENU(1) provide the means to poll the status of the menu selection. We will explore the MENU command in depth in future columns.

Notice that you can change the date by simply clicking and editing the date in the year box. All the Macintosh editing functions are easily invoked. In fact, the year box works just like the type and creator boxes in the Set File utility. Obviously Basic 2.0 can create applications that appear just like stand-alone programs. This language may be even more powerful than Apple’s Mac Pascal.

After selecting the options you want, click the “OK” button and the program prints each month to the screen one at a time. If you selected the “Show Julian” option, the Julian date will be printed along with the calendar. There is no option to print the calendar on the printer, however you can use the command-shift 4 option to print the window or modify the program yourself to print to the printer. Another feature you can try adding is to create another button for scrolling the calender back and forth. Be sure to share any ideas you come up with for Basic with our readers by writing me care of MacTech. Happy New Year!

‘               Perpetual Calendar
‘Copyright 1984, Michael Steiner, All Commercial Rights Reserved 26 Oct 
‘Permission is granted to use, copy, and modify this program for your 
own personal use
‘Modified and comments by David Kelly 

WINDOW 1,””,(0,12)-(512,342),3  ‘Open full screen window
sm=1:em=12  ‘Initial start and end months
DIM status (2,12)
FOR i = 5 TO 1 STEP -1   ‘Erase all the basic menus
  MENU i,0,0,””

  WINDOW 2,””,(3,70)-(509,270),3    ‘Open 2nd window
  WIDTH 62
  PRINT”This program will generate a calendar for any year from 1753 
  PRINT”You may choose whether you want to display Julian Dates as well 
as the days ofthe month.  You may select to print the whole year or you 
may choose starting   and ending months.”
  PRINT:PRINT”Click OK when you have finished reading these instructions.”
  BUTTON 1,1,”OK”,(210,150)- (250,170),1  ‘ Set up button #1
  WHILE  DIALOG(0) <>1 :WEND  ‘ Wait for button #1

  WINDOW 2,””,(50,100)-(450,200),2   ‘Change 2nd window and open it
  MOVETO 250,15:PRINT”Show Julian”:MOVETO 250,30:PRINT “Date?”
  BUTTON 1,1,”Yes”,(250,40)-(300,60),3        ‘Set up buttons
  BUTTON 2,2,”No”,(250,65)-(290,85),3
  BUTTON 3,2,”Print Entire year”, (50,60)-(200,80),2
  BUTTON 4,1,”OK”,(360,60)-(390,80),1
  MOVETO 50,40:PRINT”Year”
  EDIT FIELD 1,RIGHT$(DATE$,4), (90,30)-(130,45),2  ‘Set up Edit field 
with current year
  DATA January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, 
October, November, December
  DIM month$(12)
  FOR i = 1 TO 12:READ month$(i):NEXT i  ‘Read the months
  BStatus=1:GOSUB EntireYear
  DialogActive = 1
  WHILE DialogActive
    EventType = DIALOG(0)   ‘See if a button is pressed
    IF EventType = 1 THEN GOSUB ButtonEvent
    MenuId = MENU(0)    ‘See which menu is selected
    IF MenuId THEN GOSUB ChooseMonth
  Year = VAL(EDIT$(1)):IF Year < 1753 THEN Year = 1753  ‘Get year data
  MENU 1,0,0,””  ‘Clear menu 1
  MENU 2,0,0,””  ‘Clear meun 2
  BUTTON 1,1,”Continue”, (50,305)-(125,325),1   ‘Set up button 1
  BUTTON 2,1,”Quit”,(350,305)- (400,325),1 ‘Set up button 2
 TEXTSIZE(12):TEXTFACE(0): TEXTMODE(1)   ‘Set font attributes
  DATA 31,28,31,30,31,30,31,31,30, 31,30,31
  DIM dm(12):FOR mo=1 TO 12: READ dm(mo):NEXT mo ‘Read # of days/month
  DIM M$(12) :FOR MO=1 TO 12: M$(MO)=month$(MO) :NEXT MO
  DIM DAY$(7):FOR DAY = 1 TO 7: READ DAY$(DAY):NEXT DAY   ‘Read days 
of week
  DM(2) =DM(2) -(YEAR/4 =INT(YEAR/4)) +(YEAR/100= INT(YEAR/100)) -(YEAR/400= 
INT(YEAR/400))   ‘Add a day for leap year
  DIM jd(12)
  FOR i= 1 TO 12: jd(i)=jd(i-1)+ dm(i-1):NEXT I
  Y= INT(((365.25*YEAR+jd(sm))/7- INT((365.25*YEAR+jd(sm))/7))*7- 1.2499999#)
  IF Y<0 THEN Y=Y+7
  FOR M=sm TO em
    CLS’  Draw the calendar
    FOR I = 1 TO 7:LINE (5,I*40+10)- (481,I*40+10):NEXT I
    FOR I = 0 TO 7:LINE (I*68+5,50)- (I*68+5,290):NEXT I
    TEXTSIZE (24): TEXTFACE (17)’  Set calendar font attributes
    CALL MOVETO (130,34): PRINT M$(M);”   “;YEAR;
    FOR I= 0 TO 6: CALL MOVETO (I*68+10,49): PRINT DAY$(I+1):NEXT I
    FOR DM = 1 TO DM(M)
      CALL MOVETO (Y*68,X+71):PRINT DM: IF JU THEN GOSUB JulianPrint
      Y=Y+1:IF Y>6 THEN Y=0:X = X+40
    NEXT dm
    WHILE DIALOG(0) <> 1 :WEND   ‘Wait for button press
      IF DIALOG(1)=2 THEN M=em
EndRoutine:              ‘Set up End menu
  MENU 1,0,1,”Options”
  MENU 1,1,1,”Re-run Program”
  MENU 1,2,1,”Exit to Finder”
  WHILE MENU(0) = 0:WEND   ‘Wait till selection is made
IF MENU(1)=1 THEN RUN : ELSE SYSTEM  ‘Return to Finder
  ButtonId = DIALOG(1)
  IF ButtonId=4 THEN DialogActive=0
  ON ButtonId GOSUB Julian, NoJulian, EntireYear

Julian:   ‘Set button for Julian year print
    BUTTON 1,2
    BUTTON 2,1
NoJulian:  ‘Set button for Julian no print 
    BUTTON 1,1
    BUTTON 2,2
EntireYear:  ‘Set beginning month to Jan. & Ending month to Dec.
  IF BStatus = 1 THEN BStatus =2:sm=1:em=12:ELSE BStatus = 1
  FOR ms = 1 TO 2:FOR st= 0 TO 12: status(ms,st)=ABS((BStatus=1)): NEXT 
  BUTTON 3,BStatus
  MENU 1,0,status(1,0),”Starting Month”
  FOR i= 1 TO 12
    MENU 1,i,status (1,i),month$(i)
  NEXT i
  MENU 1,sm,2,month$(sm)
  MENU 2,0,status(2,0),”Ending Month”
   FOR i = 1 TO 12
      MENU 2,i,ABS(sm<(i+1)),month$(i)
   NEXT i
   IF em >= sm THEN MENU 2,em,2,month$(em)
  ItemId = MENU(1)
  IF MenuId=1 THEN oldsm=sm: sm=ItemId:MENU 1,0,1: MENU 1,sm,2,month$(sm): 
IF oldsm<>sm THEN MENU 1,oldsm,1,month$(oldsm)
  IF MenuId=1 THEN GOSUB EndMonth
  IF MenuId=2 THEN oldem=em: em=ItemId: MENU 2,0,1: MENU 2,em,2,month$(em):IF 
oldem<>em OR oldem> sm THEN MENU 2,oldem, ABS(oldem>=sm),month$(oldem)
  IF em<sm THEN em=sm: MENU 2,em, 2,month$(em)
JulianPrint:    ‘Print Julian year
    dy$=RIGHT$(STR$(year),1)+ RIGHT$(“00”+MID$(STR$(dy),2),3)
    CALL MOVETO (Y*68+10,X+85)
    PRINT dy$;


Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

World of Tanks Generals guide - Tips and...
World of Tanks Generals is a brand new card game by the developer behind the World of Tanks shooter franchise. It plays like a cross between chess and your typical card game. You have to keep in consideration where you place your tanks on the board... | Read more »
TruckSimulation 16 guide: How to succeed...
Remember those strangely enjoyable truck missions in Grand Theft Auto V whereit was a disturbing amount of fun to deliver cargo? TruckSimulation 16 is reminiscent of that, and has you play the role of a truck driver who has to deliver various... | Read more »
The best GIF making apps
Animated GIFs have exploded in popularity recently which is likely thanks to a combination of Tumblr, our shorter attention spans, and the simple fact they’re a lot of fun. [Read more] | Read more »
The best remote desktop apps for iOS
We've been sifting through the App Store to find the best ways to do computer tasks on a tablet. That gave us a thought - what if we could just do computer tasks from our tablets? Here's a list of the best remote desktop apps to help you use your... | Read more »
Warhammer 40,000: Freeblade guide - How...
Warhammer 40,000: Freebladejust launched in the App Store and it lets you live your childhood dream of blowing up and slashing a bunch of enemies as a massive, hulking Space Marine. It's not easy being a Space Marine though - and particularly if... | Read more »
Gopogo guide - How to bounce like the be...
Nitrome just launched a new game and, as to be expected, it's a lot of addictive fun. It's called Gopogo, and it challenges you to hoparound a bunch of platforms, avoiding enemies and picking up shiny stuff. It's not easy though - just like the... | Read more »
Sago Mini Superhero (Education)
Sago Mini Superhero 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: KAPOW! Jack the rabbit bursts into the sky as the Sago Mini Superhero! Fly with Jack as he lifts impossible weights,... | Read more »
Star Wars: Galaxy of Heroes guide - How...
Star Wars: Galaxy of Heroes is all about collecting heroes, powering them up, and using them together to defeat your foes. It's pretty straightforward stuff for the most part, but increasing your characters' stats can be a bit confusing because it... | Read more »
The best cooking apps (just in time for...
It’s that time of year again, where you’ll be gathering around the dinner table with your family and a huge feast in front of you. [Read more] | Read more »
Square Rave guide - How to grab those te...
Square Rave is an awesome little music-oriented puzzle game that smacks of games like Lumines, but with its own unique sense of gameplay. To help wrap your head around the game, keep the following tips and tricks in mind. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via

13-inch 128GB MacBook Air now on sale for $79...
Best Buy has just lowered their price on the 2015 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air to $799.99 on their online store for Cyber Monday. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Sale... Read more
Best Buy lowers 13-inch MacBook Pro prices, n...
Best Buy has lowered prices on select 13″ MacBook Pros this afternoon. Now save up to $200 off MSRP for Cyber Monday on the following models. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if... Read more
Cyber Monday: Apple MacBooks on sale for up t...
Apple resellers have MacBook Pros, MacBook Airs, and MacBooks on sale for up to $250 off MSRP for Cyber Monday 2015. The following is a roundup of the lowest prices available for new models from any... Read more
Cyber Monday: Apple Watch on sale for up to $...
B&H Photo has the Apple Watch on sale for Cyber Monday for $50-$100 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - Apple Watch Sport: $50 off - Apple Watch: $50-$100 off B... Read more
Cyber Monday: 15% off Apple products, and sto...
Use code CYBER15 on Cyber Monday only to take 15% on Apple products at Target, and store-wide. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Sale prices for online orders only, in-... Read more
iPad Air 2 And iPad mini Among Top Five Black...
Adobe has released its 2015 online shopping data for Black Friday and Thanksgiving Day. The five best selling electronic products on Black Friday were Samsung 4K TVs, Apple iPad Air 2, Microsoft Xbox... Read more
All-in-one PC Shipments Projected To Drop Ove...
Digitimes’ Aaron Lee and Joseph Tsai report that all-in-one (AIO) PC shipments may drop a double-digit percentage on-year in 2015 due to weaker-than-expected demand, although second-largest AIO make... Read more
Sprint Offers iPad Pro
Sprint now offers Apple’s new iPad Pro with Wi-Fi + Cellular, featuring a 12.9-inch Retina display with 5.6 million pixels. Customers can pick up iPad Pro at select Sprint retail locations. It can... Read more
Cyber Monday: Target offers 15% discount on A...
Target has discounted Apple Watches by 15% for Cyber Monday. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Sale prices for online orders only, in-store prices may vary: - Apple... Read more
Sunday roundup of Holiday weekend Mac sales:...
Take up to $500 off MSRP on the price of a new Mac at B&H Photo today as part of their Black Friday/Holiday weekend sale. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY tax only. These prices are... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Site Security Manager - Apple (Unite...
# Apple Site Security Manager Job Number: 42975010 Culver City, Califo ia, United States Posted: Oct. 2, 2015 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** The Apple Site Read more
iOS Wallet & *Apple* Pay Engineer - App...
# iOS Wallet & Apple Pay Engineer Job Number: 40586801 Santa Clara Valley, Califo ia, United States Posted: Nov. 16, 2015 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** The iOS Read more
*Apple* Online Store Expansion - Apple (Unit...
# Apple Online Store Expansion Job Number: 41191932 Santa…1, 2015 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** The Online Apple Store is seeking a person to lead its Read more
Software Engineer, *Apple* Watch - Apple (U...
# Software Engineer, Apple Watch Job Number: 38181776 Santa Clara Valley, Califo ia, United States Posted: Nov. 2, 2015 Weekly Hours: 40.00 **Job Summary** The Apple Read more
Technical Program Manager, Strategic Merchant...
# Technical Program Manager, Strategic Merchants - Apple Pay Job Number: 44001177 Santa Clara Valley, Califo ia, United States Posted: Oct. 30, 2015 Weekly Hours: 40.00 Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.