TweetFollow Us on Twitter

January 93 - Jasik's Incremental Build System and ObjectMaster

Jasik's Incremental Build System and ObjectMaster

Vinko Tsui

Why Incremental build? The first and foremost reason is to save time. Incremental build systems provide you with the ability to avoid recompiling the entire source file and link all object codes each time a procedure changes. It allows you, the programmer, to compile and link in just the procedure containing the change, hence the name "Incremental Build". The Incremental Build System (IBS) discussed in this article comes as an integrated feature of Jasik Design's The Debugger (TD), and the version I'm using is Universal version 2.5.4 (11/18/92). The compiler discussed is the Apple's Macintosh Programmers Workshop (MPW), and the version I'm using is 3.3a14. Unfortunately, MPW's compiler does not support partial compilations, so the only time saver is the linking of your application.

Using IBS

The most common environment for Jasik's Incremental Build System (IBS) is MPW. The main reason for MPW's popularity is that nothing else supported Jasik's IBS, at least not until the appearance of ObjectMaster. Using IBS with MPW requires learning some new habits while editing your source; otherwise, more time may be wasted than gained. I will explain in greater detail later.

Before I go into depth about how to use these two tools together, the reader should understand how to set up an IBS project in the MPW environment. Setting up an IBS project is required whether you're using IBS in the MPW or the OM environment. Since OM is primarily an object-oriented environment and FrameWorks is an object-oriented development publication, I will narrow my discussion to MacApp applications. For MacApp applications to take advantage of the IBS feature, MABuild must create .map and .sym files. This can be done by adding the -Sym and -LinkMap options to your MABuildDefaults symbol.

Creating IBS Projects

In MPW the features of IBS are available through an additional menu in the Menu Bar. This menu is appended to the Menu Bar by the UserStarpup•IBS supplied by Jasik Designs as part of the TD package.

Before editing anything in the source, the programmer will have to create an IBS project. This can be accomplished by selecting the "Create Project…" menu item in the IBS menu. When this menu item is chosen, a dialog will appear explaining that an IBS project is defined by an application or tool you are concerned with, and that the .map and .sym files must also reside in the same folder. Click on the "OK" button to acknowledge this dialog, then a Standard GetFile dialog is displayed for you to locate the application. Now navigate to one of the "." folders (ie. .Debug Sym) which contains the application and then click on the "Create" button to select it. IBS will then respond with another information dialog indicating that a "ProjInfo" folder will be created within your "." folder to hold miscellaneous IBS project files. When you acknowledge this, an other dialog comes up asking you to choose the FIRST option that applies to the IBS project that you're creating. In our case it will always be option #1 that reads "is a MacApp based". Select option #1 and then click the "OK" button. At this point a new xxx_IBS.proj file is created in the "." folder where xxx is the name of your application. There you have it. You have created an IBS project for your MacApp application and are now ready to use IBS with your incremental changes.

To verify that you have done it right, select the IBS menu, and you should see your application with the appropriate path listed as one of the menu items at the bottom of the menu. Each time you create a new IBS project, the new project and its path will be appended to the bottom of the IBS menu. The current active IBS project will have a bullet (•) on the left side of its name. Having the correct IBS project active is very important, because if you have the wrong application active, you will not be able to jump to the shell from within TD while you're debugging you rapplication.

IBS & MPW

This is the environment that Jasik's IBS was initially intended for. To begin using IBS you must be already running the application. After you have started your application, break into TD at a GetNextEvent (idle) stage of your application. While in TD select the "Side Door to Shell" menu item from the leftmost menu where TD shows the available memory. This will bring you back into the MPW shell with the application still running, but you will not be able to select it or any other applications with Finder. Choose a procedure that you would like to edit, and open the file that contains it.

Now comes the point I mentioned at the beginning of the article, about having to learn new habits in editing your source. My normal habit when I'm editing my source is to make some small change and than hit Command-S to save my changes; this will be disastrous when using IBS if you have not done an "Add Hint". Before you save any part of your code, highlight the name of the procedure or procedures (including the class name ie. TMyClass::MyProcedure). Wth the name selected go to the IBS menu and select the "Add Hint" menu item. When you select the "Add Hint" menu item, it tells IBS that the procedure highlighted is the one to be edited. It will make a copy of your source file containing the procedure and name it "xxx.cp_old" where xxx is the name of your source file. Now you can perform the change you wanted.

If you forgot to do the "Add Hint" step and if your editing habits are similar to mine, you will have to do a regular MABuild, by going back to TD, killing the application and then doing an MABuild from MPW. This is why I say that your normal routine will have to change, unless your normal routine does not include saving your work every now and then. With unexpected crashes hovering around corners, especially in a development environment, I don't even notice hitting the Command-S combination anymore.

After you are satisfied that all required changes are done, go to the IBS menu and select the "PatchBuild" menu item. This will tell IBS to go ahead and recompile your changes, and then apply the appropriate patches to your object code and send you right back to TD. In TD's "Notes" window you will see a line with your application name and the statement "PLI sym patches installed". This statement indicates that all your changes are in effect and you can continue your debugging.

You may find this all too cumbersome to be useful, but think about the 5 to 10 minutes that a large MacApp application takes to Link. All this time spent just to correct a simple spelling mistake in a variable name. Fortunately, this cumbersome procedure does not have to be endured, because ACI came to our assistance with the creation of ObjectMaster.

IBS & ObjectMaster

The version of ObjectMaster described here is version 1.0.2. Life is much simpler using IBS under the OM environment. You still have to create the IBS project from within MPW (by the way the MPW shell must be version 3.3 or greater for it to work with OM; otherwise, you must use ToolServer. This is because version 3.3x of MPW is AppleEvent aware.) as described above. If you're using the ToolServer rather than MPW, then you will have to execute the same script as the IBS menu "Create Project" menu item does. Either from ToolServer's Execute Script facility execute the IBS_Create_Proj script, or from OM's Worksheet execute the OMIBS_CreateProject script. After the IBS project is created, you will have to let OM know about it. From the Build menu in OM find the "Incr. Build Sys." sub menu and select the "Set Project…" menu item. This will bring up a Standard GetFile dialog for you to locate the IBS Project that was created. Navigate to the "." folder that you have specified in MPW and choose the newly created xxx_IBS.proj file.

To activate the IBS feature, all you have to do is to select the "Incremental Build" menu item from the IBS sub menu in OM. After you "Exited" TD using the "Side Door to Shell", each time a procedure is changed from the Browser window the appropriate IBS "Add Hint" command will be done automatically. Note that only changes from within the Browser window will be tracked automatically by OM for IBS, any changes from within the File window will have no similar effect.

When you're ready to implement your changes, all you have to do is to select the "Patch Build" menu item from the IBS sub menu in OM. Unfortunately, there are no indications within OM that a Patch Build is in progress, so you will not know that something is happening. You will have to either keep the MPW Worksheet visible or switch to MPW to monitor the Patch Build process. As in the MPW environment, when the Patch Build process is completed it will bring you back to TD for debugging. One more additional time saver as compared to MPW is that you can "Kill" your executed application from OM rather than jumping back to TD and terminating the application. This is done by the appropriately called menu item "Kill Problem Program" in the IBS sub menu.

Last Words

To say the least I am for the use of IBS with ObjectMaster. This is not to say that IBS is not usable in the MPW environment, just that OM makes it much easier. To find out more about The Debugger you can contact Jasik Design at (415) 322-1386 or ALink: D1037. For ObjectMaster you can contact ACIUS in North America at (408) 252-4444 ALink: D4444, in France try ACI at 33-1-42.27.38.54.
 
AAPL
$108.00
Apple Inc.
+1.02
MSFT
$46.95
Microsoft Corpora
+0.90
GOOG
$559.08
Google Inc.
+8.77

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Vitamin-R 2.20b1 - Personal productivity...
Vitamin-R creates the optimal conditions for your brain to work at its best by structuring your work into short bursts of distraction-free, highly focused activity alternating with opportunities for... Read more
Dropbox 2.10.44 - Cloud synchronization...
Dropbox is an application that creates a special Finder folder that automatically syncs online and between your computers. It allows you to both backup files and keep them up-to-date between systems... Read more
Sandvox 2.9.2 - Easily build eye-catchin...
Sandvox is for Mac users who want to create a professional looking website quickly and easily. With Sandvox, you don't need to be a Web genius to build a stylish, feature-rich, standards-compliant... Read more
Cocktail 8.0.1 - General maintenance and...
Cocktail is a general purpose utility for OS X that lets you clean, repair and optimize your Mac. It is a powerful digital toolset that helps hundreds of thousands of Mac users around the world get... Read more
LibreOffice 4.3.3.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
VMware Fusion 7.0.1 - Run Windows apps a...
VMware Fusion allows you to create a Virtual Machine on your Mac and run Windows (including Windows 8.1) and Windows software on your Mac. Run your favorite Windows applications alongside Mac... Read more
OneNote 15.3.2 - Free digital notebook f...
OneNote is your very own digital notebook. With OneNote, you can capture that flash of genius, that moment of inspiration, or that list of errands that's too important to forget. Whether you're at... Read more
Audio Hijack Pro 2.11.4 - Record and enh...
Audio Hijack Pro drastically changes the way you use audio on your computer, giving you the freedom to listen to audio when you want and how you want. Record and enhance any audio with Audio Hijack... Read more
Iridient Developer 3.0.0 beta 3 - Powerf...
Iridient Developer (was RAW Developer) is a powerful image conversion application designed specifically for OS X. Iridient Developer gives advanced photographers total control over every aspect of... Read more
TextWrangler 4.5.11 - Free general purpo...
TextWrangler is the powerful general purpose text editor, and Unix and server administrator's tool. Oh, and also, like the best things in life, it's free. TextWrangler is the "little brother" to... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Monster Flash Review
Monster Flash Review By Jordan Minor on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: ALONE IN THE DARKUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Solid shooting and a surprising amount of spooky tension make Monster Flash a great portable... | Read more »
Retry Review
Retry Review By Rob Thomas on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: SOARING HIGHUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Flappy who? Let Retry wash all those bad bird-related memories away on a cool retro-flavored flight… right... | Read more »
Dementia: Book of the Dead Review
Dementia: Book of the Dead Review By Lee Hamlet on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: A TOUGH READUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad A witch hunter is sent after a demonic book in the spooky but short-lived Dementia: Book... | Read more »
Card Dungeon, the Semi-Board Game Roguel...
Card Dungeon, the Semi-Board Game Roguelike, Has Been Renovated Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 31st, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Logitech Protection + Power iPhone5/5S C...
Made by: Logitech Price: $99.99 Hardware/iOS Integration Rating: 3 out of 5 stars Usability Rating: 0.5 out of 5 stars Reuse Value Rating: 0.75 out of 5 stars Build Quality Rating: 0.75 out of 5 stars Overall Rating: 1.25 out of 5 stars | Read more »
This Is Not a Test Goes Free, Permanentl...
This Is Not a Test Goes Free, Permanently Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 31st, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Swap Heroes Review
Swap Heroes Review By Campbell Bird on October 31st, 2014 Our Rating: :: STRATEGIC SWAPPINGUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Rotate a cast of heroes to fend of waves of monsters in this difficult, puzzle rpg.   | Read more »
Night Sky Pro™ (Reference)
Night Sky Pro™ 3.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Reference Price: $2.99, Version: 3.0.1 (iTunes) Description: Night Sky Pro™Wonder No More™ Night Sky Pro™ is the ultimate stargazing experience. From the creators of the original... | Read more »
Audio Defence : Zombie Arena (Games)
Audio Defence : Zombie Arena 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: A zombie shooter audio game. Made from gut-wrenching 3D binaural sound, for a new kind of weird immersion. You... | Read more »
RPG Asdivine Hearts (Games)
RPG Asdivine Hearts 1.1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $3.99, Version: 1.1.0 (iTunes) Description: SPECIAL PRICE50% OFF (USD 7.99 -> USD 3.99)!!! Travel alongside four companions and a cat in the adventure of a... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Tablets Ascendent Again; Global Tablet Market...
The worldwide tablet grew 11.5% year over year in the third quarter of 2014 (3Q14) with shipments reaching 53.8 million units according to preliminary data from the International Data Corporation (... Read more
Apple now offering refurbished 2014 13-inch R...
The Apple Store is now offering Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 13″ Retina MacBook Pros for up to $270 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and... Read more
Apple Regains Momentum As Windows Stutters An...
The latest smartphone sales data from Kantar Worldpanel ComTech, for the three months to March 2014, shows Apple performing strongly in the first quarter of the year, with sales bouncing back in... Read more
Worldwide Smartphone Shipments Increase 25.2%...
New smartphone releases and an increased emphasis on emerging markets drove global smartphone shipments above 300 million units for the second consecutive quarter, according to preliminary data from... Read more
Apple now offering refurbished 2014 15-inch M...
The Apple Store is now offering Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros for up to $400 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and... Read more
Apple drops prices on refurbished 2013 Retina...
The Apple Store has dropped prices on 2013 Apple Certified Refurbished 13″ and 15″ Retina MacBook Pros, with Retina models now available starting at $999. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and... Read more
New 2.8GHz Mac mini on sale for $949, save $5...
Abt Electronics has the new 2.8GHz Mac mini in stock and on sale for $949.05 including free shipping. Their price is $50 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this model from any reseller... Read more
Sale! 3.7GHz Quad Core Mac Pro available for...
 B&H Photo has the 3.7GHz Quad Core Mac Pro on sale for $2649 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $350 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price for this model from any... Read more
Mujjo Steps Up The Game With Refined Touchscr...
Netherlands based Mujjo have just launched their Refined Touchscreen Gloves, stepping up their game. The gloves feature a updated elegant design that takes these knitted gloves to the next level. A... Read more
Sale! Preorder the new 27-inch 5K iMac for $2...
 Abt Electronics has the new 27″ 3.5GHz 5K iMac on sale and available for preorder for $2374.05 including free shipping. Their price is $125 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this... Read more

Jobs Board

Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
…Summary** As a Specialist, you help create the energy and excitement around Apple products, providing the right solutions and getting products into customers' hands. You Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** Being a Business Manager at an Apple Store means you're the catalyst for businesses to discover and leverage the power, ease, and flexibility of Apple Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** As more and more people discover Apple , they visit our stores seeking ways to incorporate our products into their lives. It's your job, as a Store Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** At the Apple Store, you connect business professionals and entrepreneurs with the tools they need in order to put Apple solutions to work in their Read more
Solutions Specialist with *Apple* Knowledge...
Company Description: We are an Apple Authorized Sales and Service Provider. We have been selling and servicing Apple computers in the Fairfield County area for over Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.