TweetFollow Us on Twitter

January 92 - UOrnaments: Half-price Icons

UOrnaments: Half-price Icons

Thomas E. Burns

What if you want to display a bunch of icons, but find that TIcons are too big and slow? This type of situation calls for a class of objects that know how to draw themselves, but don't process events. To minimize memory usage, it's nice if these classes require only one instance per icon, no matter how many places an icon appears within a view.

I developed two classes for this purpose, TOrnament and TOrnamentServer, have proven useful. TOrnament is a simple abstract class that defines objects that know how to draw themselves within a view, but do not respond to events. Because of their simplicity, ornaments are about twice as fast at drawing and consume far less memory than similar views. TOrnamentServers make using ornaments easy and efficient by managing their creation and imaging.

Using ornaments

Adding ornaments to a view is straight-forward. First, by modifying your ISomeView and IRes methods, ask the appropriate OrnamentServer, gPictureOrnamentServer for pictures or gIconOrnamentServer for icons, to load the ornament. The AddOrnament method will either create and initialize the ornament, if it hasn't already been created, or increment the ornament's reference count.
gPictureOrnamentServer->AddOrnament( kTestPicture );

Then add code to your view's Draw method that draws the ornament. This example draws the ornament kTestPicture in your view(this) at location where with highlighting hlOff:

gPictureOrnamentServer->Draw( this, kTestPicture, where, hlOff );

The final step is to delete the ornament in the view's free method. DeleteOrnament will decrement the ornament's reference count and, if the reference count is zero, free the ornament.

gPictureOrnamentServer->DeleteOrnament( kTestPicture );

Even though ornaments do a lot of work for you, only four methods are needed to implement a new subclass. I will stroll through the implementation of TPictureOrnament and TPictureOrnamentServer to demonstrate the creation of new ornament subclasses.

Implementing TPictureOrnament

Subclasses of TOrnament are used to implement specific, resource-based images, such as pictures and icons. Because TOrnament implements the methods used for reference counting, Add and Delete, its subclasses need to implement only three methods: IPictureOrnament, Draw and GetExtent.

The IPictureOrnament calls IOrnament and then loads the picture resource. IOrnament merely calls IObject, sets the reference count to zero and sets fRsrcId to rsrcId. The essential code (without failure handling) for the IPictureOrnament method is:

virtual pascal void
TPictureOrnament::IPictureOrnament
(
    short   rsrcId
)
{
    this->IOrnament( pictureRsrcId );
    fPicture = GetPicture( fRsrcId );   // fPicture holds the
                                        // picture
    FailNILResource( (Handle)fPicture );
}

The Draw method is the core of an ornament. Its implementation will, of course, vary greatly for different classes of ornaments. Typically, a Draw method will call inherited::Draw (which calls PenNormal()), load and make unpurgeable the ornament's resource, and then draw with the appropriate highlighting. Because the code for drawing pictures is rather long and specific for 'PICT' resources, I will only show the definition for the method.

UOrnaments
virtual pascal void
Draw
(
    TView*              theView,    // view to draw in
    const VPoint&       where,      // top,left corner to draw at
    HLState             hilite      // the hilite to use
);

The next method, GetExtent, returns an ornament's size in a Point. This method is usually very similar to Draw. It must load and make unpurgeable the ornament's resource and then calculate its extent. Here's TOrnament's definition of this method:

virtual pascal Point
GetExtent
(
    void
);

The next step for creating a new ornament is to make a subclass of TOrnamentServer that overrides the DoMakeOrnament method. The function of TOrnamentServers is to manage the interactions between views and ornaments. A view never needs to refer to an ornament directly; it always uses an ornaments resource number instead. The advantages of this setup are:

  • A view can assume that it always needs to load and unload an ornament because TOrnamentServer will only do what is necessary. TOrnamentServer loads an ornament only once and then unloads it only after all views are finished with it.
  • There is no need for a view to add instance variables just to keep track of all the ornaments it is using.
  • Memory is saved because an ornament is loaded only once, no matter how many views are using it.

TOrnamentServers need to create ornaments when a new one is added to its list. To maintain the "object-oriented" nature of this unit, I didn't want to make TOrnamentServer know about all the possible types of ornaments. Therefore, TOrnamentServer has a DoMakeOrnament method that returns a new TOrnament of the appropriate subclass. This method for TPictureOrnamentServer is:

pascal TOrnament*
TPictureOrnamentServer::DoMakeOrnament
(
    short       rsrcId
)
{
    TPictureOrnament*       pictureOrnament;

    pictureOrnament = new TPictureOrnament;
    pictureOrnament->IPictureOrnament( rsrcId );
    return( pictureOrnament );
}

As an optional last step, write the InitPictureOrnamentServer function. This function creates and initializes an instance of the TPictureOrnamentServer class.

pascal void
InitPictureOrnamentServer
(
    void
)
{
    if ( gPictureOrnamentServer == NULL )
    {
        gPictureOrnamentServer = new TPictureOrnamentServer;
        gPictureOrnamentServer->IPictureOrnamentServer();
    }
}

Good indications

While it only required a couple of hours to write the original UOrnaments unit, it has proven to be a useful tool. The project I was working on when creating this unit, a robot controller, requires frequent use of indicators that can appear many, many times within a view. Full fledged views would be too big and slow to be practical. I hope ornaments prove to be as useful for you.
 
AAPL
$99.76
Apple Inc.
+2.09
MSFT
$44.08
Microsoft Corpora
+0.45
GOOG
$520.84
Google Inc.
+9.67

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

TechTool Pro 7.0.5 - Hard drive and syst...
TechTool Pro is now 7, and this is the most advanced version of the acclaimed Macintosh troubleshooting utility created in its 20-year history. Micromat has redeveloped TechTool Pro 7 to be fully 64... Read more
PDFKey Pro 4.0.2 - Edit and print passwo...
PDFKey Pro can unlock PDF documents protected for printing and copying when you've forgotten your password. It can now also protect your PDF files with a password to prevent unauthorized access and/... Read more
Yasu 2.9.1 - System maintenance app; per...
Yasu was originally created with System Administrators who service large groups of workstations in mind, Yasu (Yet Another System Utility) was made to do a specific group of maintenance tasks... Read more
Hazel 3.3 - Create rules for organizing...
Hazel is your personal housekeeper, organizing and cleaning folders based on rules you define. Hazel can also manage your trash and uninstall your applications. Organize your files using a... Read more
Autopano Giga 3.7 - Stitch multiple imag...
Autopano Giga allows you to stitch 2, 20, or 2,000 images. Version 3.0 integrates impressive new features that will definitely make you adopt Autopano Pro or Autopano Giga: Choose between 9... Read more
MenuMeters 1.8 - CPU, memory, disk, and...
MenuMeters is a set of CPU, memory, disk, and network monitoring tools for Mac OS X. Although there are numerous other programs which do the same thing, none had quite the feature set I was looking... Read more
Coda 2.5 - One-window Web development su...
Coda is a powerful Web editor that puts everything in one place. An editor. Terminal. CSS. Files. With Coda 2, we went beyond expectations. With loads of new, much-requested features, a few... Read more
Arq 4.6.1 - Online backup to Google Driv...
Arq is super-easy online backup for the Mac. Back up to your own Google Drive storage (15GB free storage), your own Amazon Glacier ($.01/GB per month storage) or S3, or any SFTP server. Arq backs up... Read more
Airfoil 4.8.10 - Send audio from any app...
Airfoil allows you to send any audio to AirPort Express units, Apple TVs, and even other Macs and PCs, all in sync! It's your audio - everywhere. With Airfoil you can take audio from any... Read more
Apple iMovie 10.0.6 - Edit personal vide...
With an all-new design, Apple iMovie lets you enjoy your videos like never before. Browse your clips more easily, instantly share your favorite moments, and create beautiful HD movies and Hollywood-... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

This Week at 148Apps: October 13-17, 201...
Expert App Reviewers   So little time and so very many apps. What’s a poor iPhone/iPad lover to do? Fortunately, 148Apps is here to give you the rundown on the latest and greatest releases. And we even have a tremendous back catalog of reviews; just... | Read more »
Angry Birds Transformers Review
Angry Birds Transformers Review By Jennifer Allen on October 20th, 2014 Our Rating: :: TRANSFORMED BIRDSUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Transformed in a way you wouldn’t expect, Angry Birds Transformers is a quite... | Read more »
GAMEVIL Announces the Upcoming Launch of...
GAMEVIL Announces the Upcoming Launch of Mark of the Dragon Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 20th, 2014 [ permalink ] Mark of the Dragon, by GAMEVIL, put | Read more »
Interview With the Angry Birds Transform...
Angry Birds Transformers recently transformed and rolled out worldwide. This run-and-gun title is a hit with young Transformers fans, but the ample references to classic Transformers fandom has also earned it a place in the hearts of long-time... | Read more »
Find Free Food on Campus with Ypay
Find Free Food on Campus with Ypay Posted by Jessica Fisher on October 20th, 2014 [ permalink ] iPhone App - Designed for the iPhone, compatible with the iPad | Read more »
Strung Along Review
Strung Along Review By Jordan Minor on October 20th, 2014 Our Rating: :: GOT NO STRINGSUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad A cool gimmick and a great art style keep Strung Along from completely falling apart.   | Read more »
P2P file transferring app Send Anywhere...
File sharing services like Dropbox have security issues. Email attachments can be problematic when it comes to sharing large files. USB dongles don’t fit into your phone. Send Anywhere, a peer-to-peer file transferring application, solves all of... | Read more »
Zero Age Review
Zero Age Review By Jordan Minor on October 20th, 2014 Our Rating: :: MORE THAN ZEROiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad With its mind-bending puzzles and spellbinding visuals, Zero Age has it all.   | Read more »
Hay Ewe Review
Hay Ewe Review By Campbell Bird on October 20th, 2014 Our Rating: :: SAVE YOUR SHEEPLEUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Pave the way for your flock in this line drawing puzzle game from the creators of Worms.   | Read more »
My Very Hungry Caterpillar (Education)
My Very Hungry Caterpillar 1.0.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $3.99, Version: 1.0.0 (iTunes) Description: Care for your very own Very Hungry Caterpillar! My Very Hungry Caterpillar will captivate you as he crawls... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

2013 15-inch 2.0GHz Retina MacBook Pro availa...
B&H Photo has leftover previous-generation 15″ 2.0GHz Retina MacBook Pros now available for $1599 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $400 off original MSRP. B&H... Read more
Updated iPad Prices
We’ve updated our iPad Air Price Tracker and our iPad mini Price Tracker with the latest information on prices and availability from Apple and other resellers, including the new iPad Air 2 and the... Read more
Apple Pay Available to Millions of Visa Cardh...
Visa Inc. brings secure, convenient payments to iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3as well as iPhone 6 and 6 Plus. Starting October 20th, eligible Visa cardholders in the U.S. will be able to use Apple Pay,... Read more
Textkraft Pocket – the missing TextEdit for i...
infovole GmbH has announced the release and immediate availability of Textkraft Pocket 1.0, a professional text editor and note taking app for Apple’s iPhone. In March 2014 rumors were all about... Read more
C Spire to offer iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3,...
C Spire on Friday announced that it will offer iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3, both with Wi-Fi + Cellular, on its 4G+ LTE network in the coming weeks. C Spire will offer the new iPads with a range of... Read more
Belkin Announces Full Line of Keyboards and C...
Belkin International has unveiled a new lineup of keyboard cases and accessories for Apple’s newest iPads, featuring three QODE keyboards and a collection of thin, lightweight folios for both the... Read more
Verizon offers new iPad Air 2 preorders for $...
Verizon Wireless is accepting preorders for the new iPad Air 2, cellular models, for $100 off MSRP with a 2-year service agreement: - 16GB iPad Air 2 WiFi + Cellular: $529.99 - 64GB iPad Air 2 WiFi... Read more
Price drops on refurbished Mac minis, now ava...
The Apple Store has dropped prices on Apple Certified Refurbished previous-generation Mac minis, with models now available starting at $419. Apple’s one-year warranty is included with each mini, and... Read more
Apple refurbished 2014 MacBook Airs available...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 2014 MacBook Airs available for up to $180 off the cost of new models. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is free.... Read more
Refurbished 2013 MacBook Pros available for u...
The Apple Store has Apple Certified Refurbished 13″ and 15″ MacBook Pros available starting at $929. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, and shipping is free: - 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pros (4GB RAM/... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
…customers purchase our products, you're the one who helps them get more out of their new Apple technology. Your day in the Apple Store is filled with a range of Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** At the Apple Store, you connect business professionals and entrepreneurs with the tools they need in order to put Apple solutions to work in their Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** The Apple Store is a retail environment like no other - uniquely focused on delivering amazing customer experiences. As an Expert, you introduce people Read more
Position Opening at *Apple* - Apple (United...
**Job Summary** As businesses discover the power of Apple computers and mobile devices, it's your job - as a Solutions Engineer - to show them how to introduce these Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.