TweetFollow Us on Twitter

September 93 - Letters

LETTERS

NEW TECH NOTE NUMBERS
In develop Issue 14 Peter Fink complains about the loss of Tech Note numbering. In your answer you write: "We're always open to suggestion, but so far you're the only one to mention this. If others reading this reply have similar feedback, I hope they'll let us know."

Actually, I and others have complained about the loss of Tech Note numbers for quite some time, but sometimes talking about these things is like complaining about the weather. I suspect most people just grumble along and don't complain in writing.
-- Johan G. E. Strandberg

Good news: Numbers are back; see the editorial on page 2 and the Tech Notes on this issue's CD. It's too bad when people grumble without writing; the latter is much more effective, and we really appreciate the effort. Thanks!
-- Caroline Rose

DEBUGGING LESSON FLUB
There seems to be a problem with the point made in the "Debugging Lesson" letter in the Letters section of develop Issue 14. According to the source listed, there would be no problem even if memory moved when FillWithData was called. Since the handle is being passed as a handle (that is, not dereferenced), and handles are 4-byte pointers (which get pushed onto the stack as is), FillWithData would always get a valid handle, which it can dereference internally to its heart's content.

Unfortunately, there seems to be a lot of confusion (and a great deal of paranoia) over the usage of handles. As long as you pass handles as handles (and watch your dereferencing), you'll be OK.
--Charlie Reading

Um, oops. (Imagine, if you will, me standing gaping and red-faced, astonished at my own carelessness and idiocy.)

You're right, of course; the danger is only in passing dereferenced handles to routines in other segments, and the code in the letter passes the handle itself. I guess I just read the text and didn't really look closely at the code before replying. Obviously, it was only intended as an example, and the writer's point is still valid: passing dereferenced handles to routines in other segments is dangerous. You should either pass the handle itself (as the example code did!) or lock the handle first.

Sorry about the confusion.
--Dave Johnson

BABBLING ON
I enjoyed reading Dave Johnson's column in develop Issue 13 ("Tower of Babble"). While reading his discussion of natural versus programming languages, I think I was able to put my finger on what has bugged me about HyperTalk® for years. Natural languages imply a fluidity of meaning, giving its users great flexibility for nuances, emphasis, and brevity. HyperTalk looks like a natural language, but it possesses none of that fluidity of meaning. In HyperCard ®, SET has but one meaning. But in my Oxford dictionary, "set" has 194 definitions! In other words, HyperCard looks so much like English, one winds up assuming that all kinds of structures could be used as long as they make sense in English (for example, "set me to true").

Allow me to submit a suggestion, which you may wish to pass along to the software gods. Since Apple has now all but declared that C and C++ are the only computer languages the human race will ever need, maybe it would be great to have a HyperTalk-to-C translator. Why? Well, C is a write- only language (no one ever can figure out what's happening in someone else's C listing) and HyperTalk is a read-only language (it's a cinch to understand, but impossible to code in). With a translator, we could write code that still could be understood, just like when we used to code in Pascal. (Yes, this is a joke, from a die-hard Pascal enthusiast.) Thanks again for a nifty column!
--Kevin Killion

I'm glad you liked the column. Your comment about HyperTalk is very well taken! I think that's what always bothered me about it, too, though it was just a sort of vague unease. Unfortunately, I think people who didn't learn "regular" programming languages first may have a distinct disadvantage: we "real" programmers know up front how limited and terse and strict programming languages are, and we don't expect anything more. But power users who learn HyperTalk (or, more likely now, AppleScript) as their very first programming language may be in for a struggle if they don't keep reminding themselves that it's not a natural language.

As a die-hard C enthusiast, I'll graciously ignore your slams against my favorite language, and assume that since you're obviously an intelligent person, sooner or later you'll realize the error of your ways and come around to the truth, bemoaning the years you've spent in bondage to an uptight compiler.
--Dave Johnson

ASYNCH SUPPORT ON A/UX
After reading through Jim Luther's Asynchronous Routines article in develop Issue 13, I spiffed up my application to make all my file handling asynchronous, anticipating the glorious day when all the drivers on my Macintosh support asynchronous calls. But since the SCSI Manager isn't asynchronous yet, there's no apparent difference to the user of my code (or to me, the hard-working programmer who wants payoff for my labors).

Is there any platform or configuration I can test my application on and see the results of my effort?
--Tony Amaretto

Try your code on A/UX 3.0.1 (the operating system for the Apple Workgroup Server 95); it features an enhanced File Manager that supports asynchronous calls to UNIX ® file systems simply by using the techniques in Jim Luther's article. AppleShare Pro takes advantage of this capability on AWS 95 to get performance up to four times better than AppleShare 3.0's under System 7 (your mileage, as always, will vary).

For more information related to the Asynchronus Routines article, see the box on the next page. Have fun!
--Dave Johnson

MORE ON ASYNCHRONOUS ROUTINES IN ISSUE 13

For developers interested in the "Asynchronous Routines on the Macintosh" article in develop Issue 13, here's some new information that has surfaced since then.

StackSpace. Contrary to the advice on page 28 of the article, you should not call StackSpace at interrupt time, because the Memory Manager might not be in a consistent state. Furthermore, StackSpace clears MemErr, which may have an adverse effect on the current process's handling of Memory Manager errors.

PPC polling. Unlike the Device Manager and File Manager, the PPC Toolbox stuffs the result of an asynchronous routine into ioResult before it's really done with the parameter block. If your interrupt code -- such as a VBL task -- polls ioResult periodically to check for completion and reuses the parameter block to make another call, the system can crash because one or more system queues will be corrupted.

Context switching. The System 7 Process Manager (and MultiFinder under System 6) will wait until all currently active asynchronous requests to the File Manager have completed before performing a context switch. This check was added for compatibility reasons to prevent system crashes caused by a few applications that accessed program globals within File Manager completion routines without restoring their A5 world. What this means to you is that if your application makes an asynchronous File Manager call and then calls WaitNextEvent or GetNextEvent, the system may wait for your call to complete. If the asynchronous File Manager call takes a long time to complete, it will appear to the user that the system isn't responding.

Synchronous drivers. Although you can execute low-level file access routines asynchronously, a volume's underlying device driver may not support asynchronous operations. Once the File Manager passes a request to a synchronous driver, that driver doesn't give up control until it has completed the task. Synchronous drivers (such as those using the current SCSI Manager) affect programs using asynchronous File Manager calls in two ways: unexpected pauses and unsightly stack frame buildup.

  • When calling the File Manager asynchronously, your program passes control to the File Manager and the request is placed in a queue or, if the queue is empty, the request is handled immediately. Either way, once a synchronous driver gets the request, it retains control until it has responded to the request. If the request takes a long time to complete, the user may think the system isn't responding. If your program is a background task, these pauses will affect the performance of the current foreground application. To keep this to a minimum, avoid time-consuming asynchronous File Manager requests.
  • Chaining asynchronous File Manager calls will work on volumes controlled by synchronous drivers, but watch out: When the driver is synchronous, the stack frames from the system and your completion routines will keep building up on the current stack until the last asynchronous call in the chain completes, or until the stack overwrites the current heap. You'll need to break the asynchronous File Manager call chain every few completion routines. A simple way to do this is to start a Time Manager or VBL task from your File Manager call's completion routine, and let the task start the next asynchronous File Manager call in the chain.

File Sharing and AppleShare. Chained asynchronous File Manager calls can fail when either the Macintosh File Sharing or AppleShare 3.0 (not 3.0.1) file server is running. The file server software intercepts almost all calls made to the File Manager. Due to how the file server keeps track of what requests it has or hasn't seen, there are a few situations where the file server can do the wrong thing with chained asynchronous File Manager calls. To make sure the file server sees and handles all chained asynchronous File Manager calls correctly, use two parameter blocks for the chained calls and switch parameter blocks at every completion routine.


WE HATE IT WHEN YOU DON'T WRITE We welcome timely letters to the editors, especially from readers reacting to articles that we publish in develop. Letters should be addressed to Caroline Rose (or, if technical develop-related questions, to Dave Johnson) at Apple Computer, Inc., 20525 Mariani Avenue, M/S 303-4DP, Cupertino, CA 95014 (AppleLink CROSE or JOHNSON.DK). All letters should include your name and company name as well as your address and phone number. Letters may be excerpted or edited for clarity (or to make them say what we wish they did). *

SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATIONSubscriptions to develop are available through APDA (see inside back cover for APDA information), or you can use the subscription card in the back of this issue. Please address all subscription-related inquiries to develop, Apple Computer, Inc., P.O. Box 531, Mt. Morris, IL 61054 (or AppleLink DEV.SUBS). *

BACK ISSUES For information about back issues of develop and how to obtain them, see the last page of this issue. Back issues are also on the develop Bookmark CD and the Developer CD Series disc (Reference Library edition).*

Thanks to François Grieu and Lawrence D'Oliveiro for providing some of this information. *

 
AAPL
$100.93
Apple Inc.
+0.82
MSFT
$46.14
Microsoft Corpora
-0.30
GOOG
$575.26
Google Inc.
-1.11

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

QuickBooks 2015 16.0.0.1352 R1 - Financi...
QuickBooks 2015 helps you manage your business easily and efficiently. Organize your finances all in one place, track money going in and out of your business, and spot areas where you can save.... Read more
Mac DVDRipper Pro 5.0.1 - Copy, backup,...
Mac DVDRipper Pro is the DVD backup solution that lets you protect your DVDs from scratches, save your batteries by reading your movies from your hard disk, manage your collection with just a few... Read more
Apple OS X bash Update 1.0 - Fix for sec...
The OS X bash Update fixes a security flaw in the bash UNIX shell on OS X 10.9.5 (also on OS X 10.8 and 10.7 [see Related Links below]). OS X 10.9.5 or later Downloads for OS X 10.8 and OS X 10.7 in... Read more
SyncTwoFolders 2.0.5 - Syncs two user-sp...
SyncTwoFolders simply synchronizes two folders. It supports synchronization across mounted network drives and it is a possibility to run a simulation showing in a log what will be done. Please visit... Read more
FinderPop 2.5.7 - Classic Mac utility, n...
FinderPop is a Universal preference pane that extends OS X's contextual menus using a FinderPop Items folder much as the Apple Menu Items folder used to do for the Apple menu. It has other features... Read more
VueScan 9.4.45 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more
LibreOffice 4.3.2.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
calibre 2.4 - Complete e-library managem...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital... Read more
Default Folder X 4.6.9b1 - Enhances Open...
Default Folder X attaches a toolbar to the right side of the Open and Save dialogs in any OS X-native application. The toolbar gives you fast access to various folders and commands. You just click... Read more
Beamer 2.0.4 - Stream any movie file fro...
Beamer streams to your Apple TV.... Plays any movie file - Just like the popular desktop movie players, Beamer accepts all common formats, codecs and resolutions. AVI, MKV, MOV, MP4, WMV, FLV. To... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Shred It! Review
Shred It! Review By Jennifer Allen on September 30th, 2014 Our Rating: :: GORGEOUS BUT BASICUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad It might look lovely, but Shred It! is a pretty shallow endless runner/snowboarding game.   | Read more »
It Came From Canada: Angry Birds: Transf...
Anyone afraid that throwing Transformers into the Angry Birds mix would result in a Michael Bay-level of childhood pillaging can rest easy. While Rovio’s famous fowls may be a 21st century staple, Angry Birds: Transformers wears its affection for... | Read more »
Galaxy Trucker Review
Galaxy Trucker Review By Rob Thomas on September 30th, 2014 Our Rating: :: IN FOR THE LONG HAULiPad Only App - Designed for the iPad We got a great big convoy, rockin’ through the night… the endless night of outer space, that is.... | Read more »
Moon and Sun – children’s book Review
Moon and Sun – children’s book Review By Amy Solomon on September 30th, 2014 Our Rating: Moon and Sun is a fable-like children’s book with lush illustrations.   Developer: Marcio Monteiro Price: $3.99 Version: 1.0 App Reviewed on... | Read more »
Kairosoft Finally Brings The Pyraplex to...
Kairosoft Finally Brings The Pyraplex to iOS Posted by Jessica Fisher on September 30th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Yeti’s Parole Officer Review
Yeti’s Parole Officer Review By Jennifer Allen on September 30th, 2014 Our Rating: Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Yeti’s Parole Officer proves that looks aren’t everything in this entertaining, if plain, piece of... | Read more »
Record Keeper and World Wide Words – Two...
Record Keeper and World Wide Words – Two New Final Fantasy Games Arrive on iOS in Japan Posted by Ellis Spice on September 30th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
iPollute Review
iPollute Review By Nadia Oxford on September 30th, 2014 Our Rating: :: iPOLLUTE, uPOLLUTEUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad iPollute is a delightful-looking pollution simulator, though it’s a bit light on “game” content... | Read more »
This Week at 148Apps: September 22-26, 2...
Your Source For The Latest App Reviews   | Read more »
Kill Shot Review
Kill Shot Review By Jennifer Allen on September 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: OCCASIONAL MISFIRESUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Kill Shot is often satisfying, but its more than pushy in-app purchases will leave you... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP, start...
Best Buy has the new 2014 MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store. Choose free home shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Prices valid for online orders only, in-... Read more
Apple Releases OS X Mavericks bash Update 1.0...
Apple has released a patch update for OS X Mavericks users to address the recently-detected “Shellshock” security bug in BSD UNIX’s bash shell. Apple says only a few Mac users who had manually... Read more
Pivotal Payments Ready for Apple Pay – FlexPo...
Pivotal Payments, a provider of merchant services and global payment processing solutions, has announced its proprietary FlexPoint platform will support credit and debit transactions through Apple’s... Read more
iStabilizer Announces Tabarm — First Friction...
iStabilizer, a specialist in universal lightweight compact tripods, steady cams, dollies, mounts, and remotes for smartphones, tablets, and cameras, announced today the iStabilizer tabArm, the first... Read more
IStabilizer Flex Smartphone Tripod Wins Usa T...
iStabilizer, a specialist in universal lightweight compact tripods, steady cams, and other products for smartphones, tablets, and cameras, has announced today that its iStabilizer Flex smartphone... Read more
13-inch 2.8GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for...
B&H Photo has the new 2014 13″ 2.8GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for $1699.99 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. They’ll also include free copies of Parallels Desktop and LoJack for... Read more
15-inch Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to...
B&H Photo has the new 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. They’ll also include free copies of Parallels Desktop... Read more
Get Down to Business On Your iPad With Free N...
Utah based Poem LLC has introduced Nexticy 1.0, a full-featured, affordable (Free) forms application for iPad. Nexticy makes it ‘way easy’ to create, store, retrieve and analyze paper-like forms of... Read more
13-inch Retina MacBook Pros on sale for $100...
Best Buy has 13-inch 2.6GHz Retina MacBook Pros on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Prices are for online orders only, in-... Read more
Reports Outline Claimed 12-Inch Macbook Air D...
Blogger Jack March says that according to information he’s received from an anonymous “source familiar with Apple’s plans,” the next-generation MacBook Air will launch in mid-2015 and be available... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Project Manager / Business Analyst, WW *Appl...
…a senior project manager / business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Fulfillment Operations and the Business Process Re-engineering team. This role will work Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.