TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Autumn 91 - A2 Q&A

APPLE II Q & A

APPLE II DEVELOPER TECHNICAL SUPPORT

Q How can I "dim" text in my Apple II GS application, similar to the way the Toolbox dims menu titles and menu options, and the way that HiliteControl dims a button name?

A Dimming text is a piece of cake. Here's how the Apple II GS Menu Manager does it in both 640 and 320 mode. The same thing works great for both.

  1. Calculate the bounding box of the text.
  2. Fill it with the proper background color for the operation in question.
  3. Draw the text.
  4. Execute code that looks something like this:

    pea dimmed>>16
    pea dimmed
    _SetPenMask         ;Set the pen mask to "dimmed" mask
    pea textRect>>16
    pea textRect        ;Push pointer to text boundary rect
    lda backColor       ;Get text's background color
    and #$00FF          ;Always solid

; Here you need to do something in your code to get the 
; appropriate pattern for the text you're drawing. This will be 
; one of the 16 patterns in the 512-byte table, starting with 16 
; bytes of $00, 16 bytes of $11, and ending with 16 bytes of $FF.
; We leave the routine GetColorPtr for you to code, but our 
; example assumes it returns the pointer we need in A (low word) 
; and X (high word).

    jsr GetColorPtr         ;(see above)
    phx                     ;high word
    pha                     ;low word
    _FillRect               ;Fill will be dithered
    pea nor_mask>>16  ;Reset drawing mask to normal solid
    pea nor_mask
    _SetPenMask
    rts

textRect    DC.B $00,00,00,00   ;Put your rectangle here
backColor   DC.W $0000          ;Background color of text to dim

dimmed      DC.B $55,$AA,$55,$AA,$55,$AA,$55,$AA
nor_mask    DC.B $FF,$FF,$FF,$FF,$FF,$FF,$FF,$FF

Yes, it's really this easy!

Q When I call FixFontMenu from my Apple II GS new desk accessory (NDA), everything works fine, but if the current application has a font menu it stops working. What's wrong?

A FixFontMenu keeps only one correspondence between menu item IDs and font family numbers--if you call FixFontMenu from an NDA, you blow away the already existing correspondence that the application was using, maintained within the Font Manager. ItemID2FamNum then works only on item IDs corresponding to your NDA's font menu, and these usually are unrelated to the values the application passes from its font menu. Worse, FamNum2ItemID will subsequently return menu item IDs for font family numbers that have nothing to do with the application's menus; depending on how the application operates on the resulting item ID, this could be disastrous.

Fortunately, doing this yourself is fairly easy with the Font Manager's help. CountFamilies tells you how many font families there are, and FindFamily returns the name of each of them. You can manipulate this information into a font menu in a fairly straightforward way, using standard Menu Manager calls. While you're at it, you can also use FindFontStats to figure out what point sizes and styles are available for each font family, so you can indicate this in your Size and Style menus. You could even use the information to build your own font-choosing dialog, much as HyperCard IIGS does. Remember that your NDA should run in either 320 or 640 mode, so don't make the dialog box too wide.

Q When using an Apple II GS run queue item, can I use the second reserved field to find out when the item was last executed? I assume this value is the tickCount. Currently, I just get the current tickCount and subtract the last tickCount. Using this field could save me one tool call, and when doing animation via a RunQ, every extra tick counts.

A No, you should not use undocumented fields in the run queue header because they could change with future software releases. However, there is a fast way to get the current tick count. Pass refNum $0005 to the GetAddr function in the Miscellaneous Tools once each time your program runs, and it tells you the location of the tick counter. Since the tick count changes during heartbeat interrupts, be sure to disable interrupts around your direct accesses to the tick counter (PHP, SEI, access tick count, PLP).

If your application makes certain tool calls frequently, it may be worthwhile to short-circuit the tool dispatcher and transfer control to the Toolbox function directly (if the tool takes a long time to execute anyway, it isn't worth it). You can get a function's address and work area pointer by calling GetFuncPtr and GetWAP in the Tool Locator. When the function gets control, the Y and A registers must contain the tool set's work area pointer, the X register must contain the function number, and there must be two RTL addresses on the stack.

Q Does the Apple IIe Card for the Macintosh LC have a technical reference manual?

A There's no separate technical reference manual. Use the Apple IIe Technical Reference (Addison- Wesley), together with Apple IIe Technical Note #10, "The Apple IIe Card for the Macintosh LC."

Q What's the proper method of saving the Apple II GS Super Hi-Res (SHR) screens? If my application both uses shadowing and is fast-port aware, the restored screen colors are garbaged. Can I simply use HandToPtr with ptr representing the screen addresses, or will this mess up the scan-line control byte (SCB) restoration since these are read-modify-write locations?

A The shadowed screen's SCBs may not be correct, so by saving and restoring them you're causing random data to be restored into the standard SCBs. Your best bet, if shadowing is on, is to turn shadowing off, restore the bank $01 screen, including its SCBs and color tables, turn shadowing on, and restore the $E1 screen and contents. If you don't want to double-restore the $E1 screen and $01 screen, you should turn shadowing off, restore the bank $01 color tables/SCBs, turn shadowing on, and restore the $01 screen. But, since these screens are never guaranteed to be the same when you save, you should always restore both screens separately.

QuickDraw never touches the shadowed screen SCBs, so if the fastPort flag is set you can ignore the restoring of the bank $01 SCBs/color tables, since the application promised not to interfere with them. But since this won't save very much time, you probably shouldn't worry about it.

Q I am using an Apple II GS utility to generate resources for my application, and I noticed that some of the resource IDs generated are in the range $07FF0000 to $07FFFFFF, which is reserved for the system software's use. What's happening?

A Your utility is calling UniqueResourceID with an IDRange of $FFFF, to request any unused resource ID. A bug in system software version 5.0.x allows UniqueResourceID to accidentally return a system-range resource ID if any system-range resources of that type are already present. This will be fixed in System 6. In the meantime, utilities can use UniqueResourceID with IDRange values other than $FFFF, and you should watch your resource IDs carefully to avoid using system-range resource IDs.


Kudos to our readers who care enough to ask us terrific and well thought-out questions. The answers are supplied by our teams of technical gurus; our thanks to all. Special thanks to Matt Deatherage, Jim Luther, Dave Lyons, Jim Mensch, and Eric Soldan for the material in this Q & A column. *

Have more questions? Need more answers? Take a look at the Dev Tech Answers library on AppleLink (updated weekly) or at the Q & A stack on the Developer CD Series disc.*

 
AAPL
$100.11
Apple Inc.
-0.64
MSFT
$46.44
Microsoft Corpora
+0.03
GOOG
$576.36
Google Inc.
-0.74

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

SyncTwoFolders 2.0.5 - Syncs two user-sp...
SyncTwoFolders simply synchronizes two folders. It supports synchronization across mounted network drives and it is a possibility to run a simulation showing in a log what will be done. Please visit... Read more
FinderPop 2.5.7 - Classic Mac utility, n...
FinderPop is a Universal preference pane that extends OS X's contextual menus using a FinderPop Items folder much as the Apple Menu Items folder used to do for the Apple menu. It has other features... Read more
VueScan 9.4.45 - Scanner software with a...
VueScan is a scanning program that works with most high-quality flatbed and film scanners to produce scans that have excellent color fidelity and color balance. VueScan is easy to use, and has... Read more
LibreOffice 4.3.2.2 - Free Open Source o...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
calibre 2.4 - Complete e-library managem...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital... Read more
Default Folder X 4.6.9b1 - Enhances Open...
Default Folder X attaches a toolbar to the right side of the Open and Save dialogs in any OS X-native application. The toolbar gives you fast access to various folders and commands. You just click... Read more
Beamer 2.0.4 - Stream any movie file fro...
Beamer streams to your Apple TV.... Plays any movie file - Just like the popular desktop movie players, Beamer accepts all common formats, codecs and resolutions. AVI, MKV, MOV, MP4, WMV, FLV. To... Read more
Adobe Premiere Elements 13.0 - Consumer...
Adobe Premiere Elements just got better. Now you can create quick movies from favorite parts of your clips or tell big life stories in full-on productions. Add motion inside movie titles, punch up... Read more
Boom 1.9.2 - System-wide volume booster...
Boom is a system-wide volume booster and equalizer that effortlessly improves the sound of your Mac. Using Boom is easy. It works like the volume controls of your Mac to boost the sound; making it a... Read more
Amadeus Pro 2.1.7 - Multitrack sound rec...
Amadeus Pro lets you use your Mac computer for any audio-related task, such as live audio recording, digitizing tapes and records, converting between a variety of sound formats, etc. Thanks to its... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

This Week at 148Apps: September 22-26, 2...
Your Source For The Latest App Reviews   | Read more »
Kill Shot Review
Kill Shot Review By Jennifer Allen on September 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: OCCASIONAL MISFIRESUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Kill Shot is often satisfying, but its more than pushy in-app purchases will leave you... | Read more »
It Came From Canada: Vainglory
I’m going to be straight you with folks. I don’t know much about MOBAs, and I’m certainly no professional. That means I don’t know how well Vainglory, the upcoming multiplayer online battle arena showcased in the most recent Apple keynote, compares... | Read more »
The Tunnel – An Endless Fall Review
The Tunnel – An Endless Fall Review By Nadia Oxford on September 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: FREE FALLIN' Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad The Tunnel – An Endless Fall is a bit harder to get the hang of than most “endless... | Read more »
Ubisoft Launches Just Dance Now in the A...
Ubisoft Launches Just Dance Now in the App Store Worldwide Posted by Jessica Fisher on September 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
For Better, or for Worse? How the New Ap...
With the release of iOS 8 (finally), Apple has made some noticeable changes on the App Store – bundles, videos, and Testflight integration, to name a few. Many of these additions will make things friendlier for App Store shoppers, but how has it... | Read more »
Asphalt Overdrive Review
Asphalt Overdrive Review By Jennifer Allen on September 29th, 2014 Our Rating: :: SHORT LIVED ADRENALINEUniversal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Asphalt Overdrive is a fairly simple auto-running racing game, but one that’s... | Read more »
Kritika: Wrath of the Pirate King Update...
Kritika: Wrath of the Pirate King Update Introduces New Class: Shadow Mage. Posted by Jessica Fisher on September 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] | Read more »
Vampire Tribunals Review
Vampire Tribunals Review By Campbell Bird on September 29th, 2014 Our Rating: iPhone App - Designed for the iPhone, compatible with the iPad Hunt other vampires in the “real world” in this location-based multiplayer game.   | Read more »
Simogo Tease The Sailor’s Dream Via Thei...
Simogo Tease The Sailor’s Dream Via Their New Trailer Posted by Ellis Spice on September 29th, 2014 [ permalink ] A new trailer has arrived for the newest title from Device 6 and | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple Releases OS X Mavericks bash Update 1.0...
Apple has released a patch update for OS X Mavericks users to address the recently-detected “Shellshock” security bug in BSD UNIX’s bash shell. Apple says only a few Mac users who had manually... Read more
Pivotal Payments Ready for Apple Pay – FlexPo...
Pivotal Payments, a provider of merchant services and global payment processing solutions, has announced its proprietary FlexPoint platform will support credit and debit transactions through Apple’s... Read more
iStabilizer Announces Tabarm — First Friction...
iStabilizer, a specialist in universal lightweight compact tripods, steady cams, dollies, mounts, and remotes for smartphones, tablets, and cameras, announced today the iStabilizer tabArm, the first... Read more
IStabilizer Flex Smartphone Tripod Wins Usa T...
iStabilizer, a specialist in universal lightweight compact tripods, steady cams, and other products for smartphones, tablets, and cameras, has announced today that its iStabilizer Flex smartphone... Read more
13-inch 2.8GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for...
B&H Photo has the new 2014 13″ 2.8GHz Retina MacBook Pro on sale for $1699.99 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. They’ll also include free copies of Parallels Desktop and LoJack for... Read more
15-inch Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to...
B&H Photo has the new 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. They’ll also include free copies of Parallels Desktop... Read more
Get Down to Business On Your iPad With Free N...
Utah based Poem LLC has introduced Nexticy 1.0, a full-featured, affordable (Free) forms application for iPad. Nexticy makes it ‘way easy’ to create, store, retrieve and analyze paper-like forms of... Read more
13-inch Retina MacBook Pros on sale for $100...
Best Buy has 13-inch 2.6GHz Retina MacBook Pros on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Prices are for online orders only, in-... Read more
Reports Outline Claimed 12-Inch Macbook Air D...
Blogger Jack March says that according to information he’s received from an anonymous “source familiar with Apple’s plans,” the next-generation MacBook Air will launch in mid-2015 and be available... Read more
Pelican Products, Inc. Debuts Pelican ProGear...
Pelican Products, Inc. has announced its roster of new Pelican ProGear Protector and Pelican ProGear Voyager cases for the Apple iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus. The new Pelican ProGear Protector and... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Project Manager / Business Analyst, WW *Appl...
…a senior project manager / business analyst to work within our Worldwide Apple Fulfillment Operations and the Business Process Re-engineering team. This role will work Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.