TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Summer 91 - PRINT HINTS FROM LUKE & ZZ

PRINT HINTS FROM LUKE & ZZ

HELP FOR YOUR DIALOG APPENDAGES

PETE "LUKE" ALEXANDER and Zz

[IMAGE Luke+Zz.GIF]

Zz speaks

OK, so you're cruising your source like a madman trying to get all those little System 7.0 changes in before that target ship date (whatever it is this week), and you notice that the items you've added to the Page Setup/Print dialogs don't have any Balloon HelpTM--you know, those items like Reverse Pages, Print Hidden Text, or even Use Fractional Font Widths. (Coming up with meaningful names for these items, in four words or less, was a little tricky.) But now there's help, literally, in System 7.0. Great! Then you remember that there wasn't a simple Printing Manager call to add those items to the dialogs. You had to resort to the technique described in Technical Note #95, How to Add Items to the Print Dialogs. As you remember, it used a set of procedures that modified the Printing Manager's (that is, the selected print driver's) dialog item list (DITL) resource.

Remembering the actual code in Tech Note #95, you consider that the Standard File package shipped with 7.0 has a new call that allows you to append things to its dialog, including Help Manager resources. Feeling relieved, you think, "Ah, there must be a similar call in the new Pri . . ." But no, the new printing architecture has been delayed. A quick scan shows that there isn't even a Printing Manager chapter inInside Macintosh Volume VI! Help!!! It's not as bad as you might expect. If you consult Tech Note #95, you'll see the rather husky AppendDITL procedure. This procedure is called to append the items that you want to add to the dialog item list being used by the particular dialog (Page Setup or Print).

The sample code from Tech Note #95 calls some Printing Manager routines that let you get in after the DITL resource has been loaded, but before the dialog has been displayed. You add your items to the resource in memorywithout calling either ChangedResource or WriteResource. The driver then uses this DITL and displays your items. Once the dialog is dismissed, the resource is purged, and the driver doesn't even know you were there. Life is good.

As you've probably guessed by now, you're going to have to append to the Help Manager dialog item help ('hdlg') resource in the same way that you appended to the DITL resource. You simply scan the list to the end, and then append the appropriate items. The 'hdlg' resource is purged in the same way as the DITL resource, so once again you make no permanent changes.

On the next page is the definition of the Append2hdlg procedure. We start by getting both 'hdlg' resources into memory. It's safe to assume the source 'hdlg' resource hasn't been loaded yet, but we use the SetResLoad trick on the destination in case it has already been loaded. (The SetResLoad trick is a method for determining whether a resource has already been loaded. This trick is important, since in cases where the resource has already been loaded by the system, you don't want to unload it or permanently change any of its resource attributes.) The trick works like this: You SetResLoad to false so that the Resource Manager doesn't load the resource data; instead, it just creates an empty resource handle that can be passed to routines like GetResInfo. You then call GetResource on the resource you're looking for. If the handle returned is empty (that is, points to nil), you know the resource isn't already in memory. If the handle returned is not empty, something else (like the system) has already loaded it before you called GetResource. In this example, since we use HGetState and HSetState to preserve the resource attributes, and we want the resource to be left in memory when we're done, we don't really need to know if it was already loaded. The SetResLoad code is included for anyone who is planning on modifying this code to do more.

Next we initialize our locals. We want to point srcPtr to the place in the source resource that we want to start copying from. To do this, we need to point past the "missing item." The size of the item is stored in the resource just after the resource header. We first use srcPtr to get the size (in bytes) of the missing item. Using that size, we can calculate the starting location for the copy. We don't actually initialize srcPtr yet, since resizing the destination handle could move memory. Next we initialize dstPtr and dstLength. In the process, we resize dstHdl to make room for the items we're going to append. Once SetHandleSize has been called, we also initialize srcPtr. Now that srcPtr and dstPtr are set up, we use BlockMove to copy the new items into the destination resource. After unlocking the resource handles, we update the numItems field of the destination resource so that the Help Manager will know how many items we added. Finally, we release the source resource. We don't want to release the destination, since our changes would then be lost.

void Append2hdlg(srcResID, dstResID)
short   srcResID, dstResID;
{
    Handle              srcHdl, dstHdl;
    Ptr                 srcPtr, dstPtr;
    short               srcLength, dstLength;
    short               missingItmSz;
    SignedByte      dstHState;
    
    srcHdl = GetResource('hdlg', srcResID); 
    if (srcHdl != nil) {
        SetResLoad(false);  /* System resource, make sure it's not */
        dstHdl = GetResource('hdlg', dstResID); /* already loaded. */
        SetResLoad(true);
        if (*dstHdl == 0)
            dstHdl = GetResource('hdlg', dstResID);
        dstHState = HGetState(dstHdl);
        
        if (dstHdl != nil) {
            srcPtr = (Ptr)*srcHdl + sizeof(hdlgHeader);
            missingItmSz = *((IntPtr)srcPtr);
            srcLength = GetHandleSize(srcHdl) - (sizeof(hdlgHeader)
                - missingItmSz);

            dstLength = GetHandleSize(dstHdl);
            SetHandleSize(dstHdl, dstLength + srcLength);
            if (MemError() != noErr) {
                DebugStr("\pMemError");
                            /* Use this error handler, go to jail. */
                ExitToShell();              /* It's the law! */
            }
            dstPtr = (Ptr)*dstHdl + dstLength;
            srcPtr = (Ptr)*srcHdl + sizeof(hdlgHeader) +
                missingItmSz;

            HLock(srcHdl);
            HLock(dstHdl);

            BlockMove(srcPtr, dstPtr, srcLength);

            HUnlock(srcHdl);
            HSetState(dstHdl, dstHState);

            ((hdlgHeaderPtr)*dstHdl)->hdlgNumItems +=
                ((hdlgHeaderPtr)*srcHdl)->hdlgNumItems;
        }
    }
    ReleaseResource(srcHdl);
}

So that's about it. Append2hdlg is a lot smaller than AppendDITL because we don't actually need to parse the contents of the 'hdlg' resource. Although it's another piece of code to be added to your application, this should be quite painless, unlike other Printing Manager exercises. Don't forget to read the Help Manager chapter of Inside Macintosh Volume VI for guidelines on the contents of your Help Manager balloons. See ya next time . . .


SCOTT "ZZ" ZIMMERMAN loves Disneyland--we think it's because he's really a cartoon character at heart. When asked, he admitted to wanting to be Captain Hook when he grew up. His favorite ride is Peter Pan because it's romantic, cool, dark, and the main character is a kid who never grew up. Except for the romantic, cool, and dark parts, it reminds him a lot of life at Apple. When he's at Apple he makes sure he drinks at least 15 gallons of Mountain Dew a day--he says it powers the mechanism for his retractable Barbie Doll hair. In closing, we'll leave you with his favorite question, "How can I miss you if you won't leave?"*

For more information on the format and use of the "missing item" in an 'hdlg' resource, and much more about Balloon Help, see the Help Manager chapter in Inside Macintosh Volume VI. *

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Check out the new Pirate Attack update i...
Love pirates and board games? Well, you'll love the new Pirate Attack themed update that just launched in Game of Dice. It adds a bunch of new content themed around pirates, like an all new event map based on a pirate ship which revamps the toll... | Read more »
Splash Cars guide - How to paint the tow...
Splash Cars is an arcade driving game that feels like a hybrid between Dawn of the Plow and Splatoon. In it, you'll need to drive a car around to repaint areas of a town that have lost all of their color. Check out these tips to help you perform... | Read more »
The best video player on mobile
We all know the stock video player on iOS is not particularly convenient, primarily because it asks us to hook a device up to iTunes to sync video in a world that has things like Netflix. [Read more] | Read more »
Four apps to help improve your Super Bow...
Super Bowl Sunday is upon us, and whether you’re a Panthers or a Broncos fan you’re no doubt gearing up for it. [Read more] | Read more »
LooperSonic (Music)
LooperSonic 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Music Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: LooperSonic is a multi-track audio looper and recorder that will take your loops to the next level. Use it like a loop pedal to... | Read more »
Space Grunts guide - How to survive
Space Grunts is a fast-paced roguelike from popular iOS developer, Orange Pixel. While it taps into many of the typical roguelike sensibilities, you might still find yourself caught out by a few things. We delved further to find you some helpful... | Read more »
Dreii guide - How to play well with othe...
Dreii is a rather stylish and wonderful puzzle game that’s reminiscent of cooperative games like Journey. If that sounds immensely appealing, then you should immediately get cracking and give it a whirl. We can offer you some tips and tricks on... | Read more »
Kill the Plumber World guide - How to ou...
You already know how to hop around like Mario, but do you know how to defeat him? Those are your marching orders in Kill the Plumber, and it's not always as easy as it looks. Here are some tips to get you started. This is not a seasoned platform... | Read more »
Planar Conquest (Games)
Planar Conquest 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $12.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: IMPORTANT: Planar Conquest is compatible only with iPad 3 & newer devices, iPhone 5 & newer. It’s NOT compatible with... | Read more »
We talk to Cheetah Mobile about its plan...
Piano Tiles 2 is a fast-paced rhythm action high score chaser out now on iOS and Android. You have to tap a series of black tiles that appear on the screen in time to the music, being careful not to accidentally hit anywhere else. Do that and it's... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

BookBook For iPad Pro Coming Soon
The iPad Pro is a device unlike any other, and with Apple Pencil, it’s the ideal portable sketchpad: all that’s missing is the modern easel and portfolio to go. TwelveSouth’s BookBook for iPad Pro... Read more
12-inch 1.2GHz Silver Retina MacBook on sale...
B&H Photo has the 12″ 1.2GHz Silver Retina MacBook on sale for $1399 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $200 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price for this model from... Read more
iPads on sale at Target: $100 off iPad Air 2,...
Target has WiFi iPad Air 2s and iPad mini 4s on sale for up to $100 off MSRP on their online store for a limited time. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Sale prices for... Read more
Target offers Apple Watch for $100 off MSRP
Target has Apple Watches on sale for $100 for a limited time. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Sale prices for online orders only, in-store prices may vary: - Apple... Read more
Apple refurbished 2014 13-inch Retina MacBook...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2014 13″ Retina MacBook Pros available for up to $400 off original MSRP, starting at $979. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, and shipping is free... Read more
Macs available for up to $300 off MSRP, $20 o...
Purchase a new Mac or iPad using Apple’s Education Store and take up to $300 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution qualify for the discount. Shipping is free, and... Read more
Watch Super Bowl 50 Live On Your iPad For Fre...
Watch Super Bowl 50 LIVE on the CBS Sports app for iPad and Apple TV. Get the app and then tune in Sunday, February 7, 2016 at 6:30 PM ET to catch every moment of the big game. The CBS Sports app is... Read more
Two-thirds Of All Smart Watches Shipped In 20...
Apple dominated the smart watch market in 2015, accounting for over 12 million units and two-thirds of all shipments according to Canalys market research analysts’ estimates. Samsung returned to... Read more
12-inch 1.2GHz Retina MacBooks on sale for up...
B&H Photo has 12″ 1.2GHz Retina MacBooks on sale for $180 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY tax only: - 12″ 1.2GHz Gray Retina MacBook: $1499 $100 off MSRP - 12″ 1.2GHz Silver... Read more
12-inch 1.1GHz Gray Retina MacBook on sale fo...
B&H Photo has the 12″ 1.1GHz Gray Retina MacBook on sale for $1199 including free shipping plus NY sales tax only. Their price is $100 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this model... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Job Description: Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, Read more
*Apple* Subject Matter Expert - Experis (Uni...
This position is for an Apple Subject Matter Expert to assist in developing the architecture, support and services for integration of Apple devices into the domain. Read more
*Apple* Macintosh OSX - Net2Source Inc. (Uni...
…: * Work Authorization : * Contact Number(Best time to reach you) : Skills : Apple Macintosh OSX Location : New York, New York. Duartion : 6+ Months The associate would Read more
Computer Operations Technician ll - *Apple*...
# Web Announcement** Apple Technical Liaison**The George Mason University, Information Technology Services (ITS), Technology Support Services, Desktop Support Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.