TweetFollow Us on Twitter

July 90 - Macintosh Q & A

July 90 - Macintosh Q & A

MACINTOSH DEVELOPER TECHNICAL SUPPORT

Q How can I keep track of a file the next time my application is launched?

A Technical Note #238, Getting a Full Pathname, documents the recommended method for "remembering" a file's location.

. . . you should remember the DirID of the directory the file is in along with its name. This way, you will still be able to find your file even if the directory has been moved. Under System 7.0 or later, save the file's unique 32-bit ID number as well, so that you can also find the file even if its name has changed.

To remember a file's location, keep the volume name, DirID, and filename. This information is all you need to locate any file. Standard File returns the DirID of the file in CurDirStore or the wdRefNum in the vRefNum field of the reply.record. Note that Technical Note #238 mentions how to get a file's DirID while in Standard File. Given the working directory, you can find its vRefNum and DirID by calling _GetWDInfo. Refer to Inside Macintosh, volume IV. Volume references and working directories are dynamic; they change every time the system is booted, so you cannot use the vRefNum or wdRefNum. Typically, the volume name and filename are not changed. The DirID will not change unless the user deletes the folder. Renaming the folder does not change its DirID.

First ask the user to locate the file by calling SFGetFile. Keep the volume name, DirID, and filename for this file. The next time you want to locate the file, use this same information. If you do not find the file, then again call SFGetFile asking the user to locate it.

DTS has an example application, SC.018.StdFile, which you may find helpful. You can find this in the Sample Code folder on the enclosed Developer Essentials disc.

Q How can I determine the size of my application's MultiFinder partition?

A It's really difficult to find the exact size of the memory partition that the application is running under. If it can be determined, I doubt that the effort would be worth the trouble. I think the real concern you have is the size of the available stack and heap, but not the entire partition. Since there is little that an application can do to change its partition size (except to change the 'SIZE' resource and then force a relaunch), the real concern would be to find the size of the available stack and heap. Included in the application's partition are the application parameters, jump table, application globals, and QuickDraw globals. The size of the partition is not easily determined. The only portions of an application's memory use that are adjustable at run time are the stack and the heap.The stack and heap sizes are fixed within the boundaries of the entire application partition. Increasing one decreases the other. There are Memory Manager calls to change the size of the heap. To increase the stack size, you decrease the heap's size.

Q In earlier versions of the Chooser, there was a limit of 16 volumes per server for AppleShare servers. Has this limit changed in System 6.0.4?

A The limit of 16 volumes per server in the Chooser has not changed with System 6.0.4. We hope to have a new version of the Chooser for System 7.0.

Q How do I force the Finder to update its windows after my application has changed a file's FndrInfo?

A There is no direct way to tell the Finder to update the desktop. The Finder will synchronize the desktop file's appearance after it detects that the volume's modification date has changed. Whenever you create or delete a file, or move it to another folder, the hierarchical file system (HFS) will change the modification date of the volume and that folder. When the Finder has noticed the volume's modification date has changed, it begins scanning about once every 10 seconds for changes in all of the open folders. Changing the file's FndrInfo or renaming it is not going to change the modification date. As a suggestion for an installer program, you can initially create a temporary file. Once all the files are installed you can delete the temporary file. Deleting this temporary file as a last step will cause the Finder's window to be updated.

Q My little application has two handles in memory that have been allocated. I want to lock one handle high in memory and the other one low in memory. I noticed that the Mac toolbox has the functionality to lock a handle high (MoveHHi); however, I did not notice any routine that would move the block low in memory, before a lock. I'm looking for a MoveHLow routine. Does one exist? If not, how would I go about doing this?

A There is no similar functionality for locking a handle low. The best way to go about doing this is to use NewPtr, which automatically allocates the block as low as possible. Of course, it's not a handle, but it's still a locked block as low in the heap as possible.

Another way to do this is to use ResrvMem which, as Inside Macintosh, volume 2, page 39 says, "will try every available means to place the block as close as possible to the bottom of the zone, including moving other blocks upward, expanding the zone, or purging blocks from it." Then make your call to NewHandle with the same size as requested in ResrvMem. That'll allocate the handle as low as possible.

Q How can I support multiple HFS partitions on a SCSI device?

A If at all possible, avoid trying to support partitions. We'll warn you up front that an ejectable drive that contains multiple HFS partitions is not going to be anything less than difficult. You'll be betteroff not attempting to support multiple HFS partitions. It greatly complicates the code, and there are user interface problems too. What if the user ejects one of the partitions? What should happen? This is technically difficult for the driver to handle.

If the user ejects a partition, then the driver might eject the media and mark all of its remaining partitions as off-line. If the user drags a partition to the trash, this should unmount only that partition (but then how would the user unmount the entire media?). The remaining partitions should be marked off-line and the user will see them as gray icons on the desktop. If users want to access one of these partitions, they'll get the Disk Switch alert. They need to insert the proper cartridge and the device will then post a disk insert event for every partition (because it cannot determine exactly which partition is really needed). This will again bring all partitions back. The trap _Offline should take care of all this for you, but it cannot be called at interrupt time. Therefore, the driver will need to use accRun calls to use _OffLine.

Again, the system doesn't support multiple HFS partitioned drives. It only expects to find one HFS partition on a volume. The system will attempt to read from the first HFS partition and then stop. If the first one is not bootable, then that device cannot be a startup device. If you attempt to put more than one partition on a device, then you have to perform additional hacks to mount them. Be warned that hacking this feature into your drive involves a compatibility risk.

All the work will be up to the driver. It will have to find the extra partitions and mount them. Each partition will have a drive queue entry having each element reference the same driver. When your driver's open routine is called, you call _AddDrive for each partition. This calls _Enqueue and installs each element into the drive queue. Once the driver is closed, you should remove each of the queue elements with _Dequeue.

Q I would like to write James Brown in jail, but now that he is on work release, where do I write?

A You can write the Godfather of Soul at
Lower Savannah Work Center
Route 4, Box 50
Aiken, SC 29801

Brown is serving concurrent six-year and six-year-and-three month terms for his involvement in a wild, two-state car chase in September of 1988. He won't be eligible for parole until 1992.

These questions and answers are compiled by the Macintosh Developer Technical Support group. *

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Fantastical 2.3.6 - Create calendar even...
Fantastical 2 is the Mac calendar you'll actually enjoy using. Creating an event with Fantastical is quick, easy, and fun: Open Fantastical with a single click or keystroke Type in your event... Read more
Creative Kit 1.1 - $149.99
Creative Kit 2016--made exclusively for Mac users--is your ticket to the most amazing images you've ever created. With a variety of powerful tools at your fingertips, you'll not only repair and fine-... Read more
iMazing 2.2.3 - Complete iOS device mana...
iMazing (was DiskAid) is the ultimate iOS device manager with capabilities far beyond what iTunes offers. With iMazing and your iOS device (iPhone, iPad, or iPod), you can: Copy music to and from... Read more
Apple Configurator 2.4 - Configure and d...
Apple Configurator makes it easy to deploy iPad, iPhone, iPod touch, and Apple TV devices in your school or business. Use Apple Configurator to quickly configure large numbers of devices connected to... Read more
WhatRoute 2.0.18 - Geographically trace...
WhatRoute is designed to find the names of all the routers an IP packet passes through on its way from your Mac to a destination host. It also measures the round-trip time from your Mac to the router... Read more
Posterino 3.3.5 - Create posters, collag...
Posterino offers enhanced customization and flexibility including a variety of new, stylish templates featuring grids of identical or odd-sized image boxes. You can customize the size and shape of... Read more
Skim 1.4.28 - PDF reader and note-taker...
Skim is a PDF reader and note-taker for OS X. It is designed to help you read and annotate scientific papers in PDF, but is also great for viewing any PDF file. Skim includes many features and has a... Read more
Apple macOS Sierra 10.12.4 - The latest...
With Apple macOS Sierra, Siri makes its debut on Mac, with new features designed just for the desktop. Your Mac works with iCloud and your Apple devices in smart new ways, and intelligent... Read more
Apple Numbers 4.1 - Apple's spreads...
With Apple Numbers, sophisticated spreadsheets are just the start. The whole sheet is your canvas. Just add dramatic interactive charts, tables, and images that paint a revealing picture of your data... Read more
Xcode 8.3 - Integrated development envir...
Xcode includes everything developers need to create great applications for Mac, iPhone, iPad, and Apple Watch. Xcode provides developers a unified workflow for user interface design, coding, testing... Read more

Power Rangers: Legacy Wars beginner...
Rita Repulsa is back, but this time she's invading your mobile phone in Power Rangers: Legacy Wars. What looks to be a straightforward beat 'em up is actually a tough-as-nails multiplayer strategy game that requires some deft tactical maneuvering.... | Read more »
Hearthstone celebrates the upcoming Jour...
Hearthstone gets a new expansion, Journey to Un'Goro, in a little over a week, and they'll be welcoming the Year of the Mammoth, the next season, at the same time. There's a lot to be excited about, so Blizzard is celebrating in kind. Players will... | Read more »
4 smart and stylish puzzle games like Ty...
TypeShift launched a little over a week ago, offering some puzzling new challenges for word nerds equipped with an iOS device. Created by Zach Gage, the mind behind Spelltower, TypeShift boasts, like its predecessor, a sleak design and some very... | Read more »
The best deals on the App Store this wee...
Deals, deals, deals. We're all about a good bargain here on 148Apps, and luckily this was another fine week in App Store discounts. There's a big board game sale happening right now, and a few fine indies are still discounted through the weekend.... | Read more »
The best new games we played this week
It's been quite the week, but now that all of that business is out of the way, it's time to hunker down with some of the excellent games that were released over the past few days. There's a fair few to help you relax in your down time or if you're... | Read more »
Orphan Black: The Game (Games)
Orphan Black: The Game 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Dive into a dark and twisted puzzle-adventure that retells the pivotal events of Orphan Black. | Read more »
The Elder Scrolls: Legends is now availa...
| Read more »
Ticket to Earth beginner's guide: H...
Robot Circus launched Ticket to Earth as part of the App Store's indie games event last week. If you're not quite digging the space operatics Mass Effect: Andromeda is serving up, you'll be pleased to know that there's a surprising alternative on... | Read more »
Leap to victory in Nexx Studios new plat...
You’re always a hop, skip, and a jump away from a fiery death in Temple Jump, a new platformer-cum-endless runner from Nexx Studio. It’s out now on both iOS and Android if you’re an adventurer seeking treasure in a crumbling, pixel-laden temple. | Read more »
Failbetter Games details changes coming...
Sunless Sea, Failbetter Games' dark and gloomy sea explorer, sets sail for the iPad tomorrow. Ahead of the game's launch, Failbetter took to Twitter to discuss what will be different in the mobile version of the game. Many of the changes make... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Is A New 10.5-inch iPad Still Coming In April...
There was no sign or mention of a long-rumored and much anticipated 10.5-inch iPad Pro in Apple’s product announcements last week. The exciting iPad news was release of an upgraded iPad Air with a... Read more
T-Mobile’s Premium Device Protection Now Incl...
Good news for T-Mobile customers who love their iPhones and iPads. The “Un-carrier” has become the first national wireless company to give customers AppleCare Services at zero additional cost as part... Read more
FileWave Ensures Support for Latest Apple OS...
FileWave multi-platform device management providers announced support for Apple’s release yesterday of iOS 10.3, macOS Sierra 10.12.4, and tvOS 11.2. FileWave has a history of providing zero-day... Read more
Use Apple’s Education discount to save up to...
Purchase a new Mac or iPad using Apple’s Education Store and take up to $300 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution qualify for the discount. Shipping is free: -... Read more
Apple refurbished Apple Watches available sta...
Apple is now offering Certified Refurbished Series 1 and Series 2 Apple Watches for 14-16% off MSRP, starting at $229. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each watch. Shipping is free: Series... Read more
9-inch 32GB Space Gray iPad Pro on sale for $...
B&H Photo has the 9.7″ 32GB Space Gray Apple iPad Pro on sale for $549 for a limited time. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only. Their price is $50 off MSRP. Read more
13-inch MacBook Airs on sale for $100-$150 of...
B&H Photo has 13″ MacBook Airs on sale for up to $150 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 13″ 1.6GHz/128GB MacBook Air (MMGF2LL/A): $899 $100 off MSRP - 13″ 1.... Read more
13-inch MacBook Airs, Apple refurbished, in s...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2016 13″ MacBook Airs available starting at $849. An Apple one-year warranty is included with each MacBook, and shipping is free: - 13″ 1.6GHz/8GB/128GB MacBook Air: $... Read more
12-inch Retina MacBooks on sale for $1199, sa...
B&H has 12″ 1.1GHz Retina MacBooks on sale for $100 off MSRP. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 12″ 1.1GHz Space Gray Retina MacBook: $1199 $100 off MSRP - 12″ 1.1GHz... Read more
Save up to $260 with Apple refurbished 12-inc...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2016 12″ Retina MacBooks available for $200-$260 off MSRP. Apple will include a standard one-year warranty with each MacBook, and shipping is free. The following... Read more

Jobs Board

Fulltime aan de slag als shopmanager in een h...
Ben jij helemaal gek van Apple -producten en vind je het helemaal super om fulltime shopmanager te zijn in een jonge en hippe elektronicazaak? Wil jij werken in Read more
Desktop Analyst - *Apple* Products - Montef...
…technology to improve patient care. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES: Provide day-to-day support for Apple Hardware and Software in the environment based on the team's support Read more
*Apple* Mobile Master - Best Buy (United Sta...
**493168BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobile Master **Location Number:** 000827-Denton-Store **Job Description:** **What does a Best Buy Apple Mobile Master do?** At Read more
Fulltime aan de slag als shopmanager in een h...
Ben jij helemaal gek van Apple -producten en vind je het helemaal super om fulltime shopmanager te zijn in een jonge en hippe elektronicazaak? Wil jij werken in Read more
*Apple* Mobile Master - Best Buy (United Sta...
**492889BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobile Master **Location Number:** 000886-Norwalk-Store **Job Description:** **What does a Best Buy Apple Mobile Master do?** Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.